Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 15.843
Filtrar
1.
Arkh Patol ; 83(5): 13-20, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609799

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of fluorescence navigation with chlorin e6 in surgery for malignant gliomas based on surgical material morphological and immunohistochemical data. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The surgical material obtained from patients with high-grade (Grade III-IV) anaplastic glioma was examined. Along with histological examination, the proliferation marker Ki-67, the cell cycle transcription factor protein p53, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were determined. RESULTS: A significant direct correlation was found between the expression of Ki-67, p53, and VEGF and the fluorescence intensity of tumor tissues (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The technique of fluorescence navigation using chlorin e6 in comparative morphopathological analysis has confirmed its effectiveness in surgery for malignant gliomas.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Fluorescência , Glioma/genética , Glioma/cirurgia , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/genética , Porfirinas , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
2.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1183: 338870, 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627528

RESUMO

Nowadays, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP-32) is fundamental to early cardiovascular clinical diagnosis, whose accurate assay is of significance by photoelectrochemistry (PEC) for the low background and high precision. Herein, a novel enhanced PEC platform was built by successive deposition of N-doped ZnO nanopolyhedra (N-ZnO NP) and protoporphyrin IX (PPIX). Specifically, the N-ZnO NP with a narrow bandgap of 2.60 eV was synthesized by direct calcination of zeolitic imidazole framework-8 (ZIF-8), and performed as the substrate to enhance the photocurrents of PPIX (as photosensitizer) whose photoelectron transfer pathway and enhanced PEC mechanism were studied in detail. Under such foundation, a label-free PEC aptasensor was developed by deposition of DNA aptamer onto the PEC platform and then ultrasensitive assay of BNP-32 based on a "signal off" model. The biosensor showed a wide linear range (1 pg mL-1- 0.1 µg mL-1) with a limit of detection (LOD) as low as 0.14 pg mL-1. This doping technique of ZnO nanomaterials provides some valuable guidelines for synthesis of advanced PEC probes in bioanalysis.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Porfirinas , Óxido de Zinco , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico
3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(18)2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577383

RESUMO

Ammonia gas sensors were fabricated via layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition of diazo resin (DAR) and a binary mixture of tetrakis(4-sulfophenyl)porphine (TSPP) and poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) onto the core of a multimode U-bent optical fiber. The penetration of light transferred into the evanescent field was enhanced by stripping the polymer cladding and coating the fiber core. The electrostatic interaction between the diazonium ion in DAR and the sulfonate residues in TSPP and PSS was converted into covalent bonds using UV irradiation. The photoreaction between the layers was confirmed by UV-vis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The sensitivity of the optical fiber sensors to ammonia was linear when exposed to ammonia gases generated from aqueous ammonia solutions at a concentration of approximately 17 parts per million (ppm). This linearity extended up to 50 ppm when the exposure time (30 s) was shortened. The response and recovery times were reduced to 30 s with a 5-cycle DAR/TSPP+PSS (as a mixture of 1 mM TSPP and 0.025 wt% PSS in water) film sensor. The limit of detection (LOD) of the optimized sensor was estimated to be 0.31 ppm for ammonia in solution, corresponding to approximately 0.03 ppm of ammonia gas. It is hypothesized that the presence of the hydrophobic moiety of PSS in the matrix suppressed the effects of humidity on the sensor response. The sensor response was stable and reproducible over seven days. The PSS-containing U-bent fiber sensor also showed superior sensitivity to ammonia when examined alongside amine and non-amine analytes.


Assuntos
Amônia , Porfirinas , Umidade , Fibras Ópticas , Poliestirenos
4.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e053325, 2021 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34548368

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has emerged worldwide. Although several medications have been approved for treating moderate-to-severe COVID-19, very few treatment strategy has been established for patients with mild COVID-19 who do not require oxygen administration. Clarithromycin is a macrolide antimicrobial agent that has been widely used for bacterial respiratory infectious diseases. Clarithromycin also acts an immunomodulating drug and suppresses cytokine storms in viral respiratory diseases, including influenza. In this study, we aim to evaluate the efficacy of clarithromycin in patients with mild COVID-19. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is an exploratory, multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial. This study was initiated in May 2021 and will end in July 2022. Patients with mild COVID-19 pneumonia who do not require oxygen administration will be enrolled and randomly assigned in a 1:1:1 ratio to group A (administration of clarithromycin 800 mg/day), group B (administration of clarithromycin 400 mg/day) or group C (standard treatment without clarithromycin). The planned number of enrolled patients is 60 (20 patients × three groups). The primary endpoint is the number of days required to improve the clinical symptoms as measured by the severity score. Secondary endpoints include days for recovery of the body temperature, proportion of patients with oxygen administration, inflammatory cytokines, viral load, serum immunoglobulins, peripheral blood lymphocytes, blood biomarkers and pneumonia infiltrations. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study protocol was approved by the Clinical Research Review Board of Nagasaki University in accordance with the Clinical Trials Act in Japan. The study will be conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, the Clinical Trials Act and other current legal regulations in Japan. Written informed consent will be obtained from all the participants. The results of this study will be reported as journal publications. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: jRCTs071210011.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Claritromicina , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Oxigênio , Pandemias , Porfirinas , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 223: 112301, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492530

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most frequent cancer diagnosed in men worldwide. Among the common treatment options, photodynamic therapy (PDT) is being considered a promising local therapy to treat this cancer. Although PDT is an established treatment modality approved for several types of cancer, the low solubility, the reduced tumor selectivity, the absorption in the therapeutic window and the poor clearance from the body of the currently approved photosensitizers (PS) hampers its wide clinical application. In this regard, herein we synthesized three fluorinated porphyrinoid derivatives and entrapped them into polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) to prevent their aggregation and preserve their desirable photophysical properties under the physiological environment. In vitro studies revealed the negligible dark cytotoxicity of all PVP formulations (PS1@PVP, PS2@PVP and PS3@PVP) at the tested concentrations (5.0 to 20 µM), but also confirmed the significant photodynamic effect of PS2@PVP and PS3@PVP towards the PCa cell line PC-3, upon red light irradiation at an irradiance of 17.6 mW.cm-2. To provide insight into the underlying mechanisms of cell death under PDT treatment induced by PS2@PVP and PS3@PVP, their intracellular localization in PC-3 cells was firstly investigated by confocal microscopy. Since both PS2@PVP and PS3@PVP nanoparticles were mainly localized in mitochondria, the involvement of this organelle in PDT-induced apoptosis mediated by both formulations was further explored. Western blot analysis revealed that PDT treatment of PC-3 cells with either PS2@PVP or PS3@PVP resulted in the reduction of the expression level of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. As the photodamage to Bcl-2 after PDT with PS2@PVP and PS3@PVP was accompanied by the further activation of pro-caspase-3, we assumed that upon irradiation the photogenerated reactive oxygen species (ROS) were able to activate a caspase-dependent apoptotic response as a consequence of a post-mitochondrial event. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that among the tested fluorinated porphyrinoids, PS2@PVP and, particularly, PS3@PVP, are significantly more effective in overall PC-3 cell killing than PS1@PVP, thus highlighting their great potential as therapeutic agents for PCa.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Porfirinas/farmacologia , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Composição de Medicamentos , Humanos , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/química , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Porfirinas/química , Porfirinas/uso terapêutico , Povidona/química , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
6.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 223: 112294, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500215

RESUMO

Photo-induced cytotoxicity and antitumor activity of a series of dual function agents for photodynamic therapy (PDT) and fluorescent imaging based on bacteriochlorin photosensitizer conjugated with various naphthalimide fluorophores was studied in vitro using murine tumor cells of S37 sarcoma and in vivo on mice bearing murine S37 sarcoma. Upon irradiation at the absorption maximum of the photosensitizer, the activity of conjugates was as high as in the case of individual bacteriochlorin, while an additional excitation of the naphthalimide fragment led to an increase in the PDT efficacy due to resonance energy transfer from the fluorophore to photosensitizer. The fluorescence contrast and specific cytotoxic activity measurements indicate that the conjugate of bacteriochlorin with 3,4-dimethoxestyrene-substituted naphthalimide is the most promising agent for the application as theranostic in PDT.


Assuntos
Naftalimidas/química , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Porfirinas/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Lasers , Camundongos , Naftalimidas/metabolismo , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/patologia , Imagem Óptica , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/metabolismo , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Porfirinas/metabolismo , Distribuição Tecidual , Transplante Homólogo
7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(35): 19130-19140, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490865

RESUMO

Tetrapyrrole macrocycles serve a multitude of roles in biological systems, including oxygen transport by heme and light harvesting and charge separation by chlorophylls and bacteriochlorophylls. Synthetic tetrapyrroles are utilized in diverse applications ranging from solar-energy conversion to photomedicine. Nevertheless, students beginning tetrapyrrole research, as well as established practitioners, are often puzzled when comparing properties of related tetrapyrroles. Questions arise as to why optical spectra of two tetrapyrroles often shift in wavelength/energy in a direction opposite to that predicted by common chemical intuition based on the size of a π-electron system. Gouterman's four-orbital model provides a framework for understanding these optical properties. Similarly, it can be puzzling as to why the oxidation potentials differ significantly when comparing two related tetrapyrroles, yet the reduction potentials change very little or shift in the opposite direction. In order to understand these redox properties, it must be recognized that structural/electronic alterations affect the four frontier molecular orbitals (HOMO, LUMO, HOMO-1 and LUMO+1) unequally and in many cases the LUMO+1, and not the LUMO, may track the HOMO in energy. This perspective presents a fundamental framework concerning tetrapyrrole electronic properties that should provide a foundation for rational molecular design in tetrapyrrole science.


Assuntos
Tetrapirróis/química , Bacterioclorofilas/química , Clorofila/química , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Elétrons , Oxirredução , Porfirinas/química , Teoria Quântica
8.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 67(5): 650-655, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550251

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the metoclopramide-induced hyperprolactinemia in cellular death and proliferation in the harderian gland of female mice. METHODS: Twenty female mice were divided into two groups of 10 animals each and treated: 0.2 mL of saline solution (controls, Ctr) and 200 µg of metoclopramide (experimental, hyperprolactinemia), both for 50 consecutive days and at 12:00 a.m. On the 50th day, the female were euthanized, and the harderian glands were removed and processed for immunohistochemistry for detected ki67 and TUNEL method. Data were statistically analyzed by unpaired Student's t test (p<0.05). RESULTS: The harderian gland of the hyperprolactinemia group showed increase in the immunoexpression of Ki67 and TUNEL compared to the Ctr group (p<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the amount of porphyrin in the HPrl group compared to the Ctr group. CONCLUSION: The hyperprolactinemia led to increased cell death in the acini the harderian gland and cell proliferation in the stroma glandular, fact that suggesting a reduction process of cellular activity and fibrosis, which suggests impairment in the functioning of the lacrimal harderian.


Assuntos
Glândula de Harder , Hiperprolactinemia , Aparelho Lacrimal , Porfirinas , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Hiperprolactinemia/induzido quimicamente , Camundongos
9.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112341, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474891

RESUMO

In order to maximize the retention of the photodynamic therapy (PDT) efficacy, while avoiding the dilemma of hypoxia and high reducing substances in tumor tissue, fluoropolymers were synthesized in a simple and effective methods. Fluorous effect with good oxygen carrying capacity was endowed by the fluorine-containing section in fluoropolymers and the perfluorodecalin (PFD) together, the reaction site with GSH was provided by the disulfide bond, which enhanced PDT efficiency through the sequential "AND" logic gate design. Two kind of fluorine-containing nanocarriers (M-Ce6 and E-Ce6) were obtained by solvent evaporation or ultrasound emulsification with PFD, respectively. In vitro, both of them showed promising high ROS generation under photoirradiation. Benefiting by cavitation effects, E-Ce6 had a more significant statistical difference in cellular uptake. Furthermore, the cells incubating with E-Ce6 hardly were noticed that the hypoxia signal appeared under hypoxia, while reducing the intracellular GSH content by more than 15%. Through the sequential "AND" logic gate design, ROS production even under hypoxia and GSH conditions of E-Ce6 was also almost 1.5 times that of Ce6 under normoxia. Enhancing effect of E-Ce6 was 13.47 times and 6.85 times, while selectivity ratio reached 5.13 times and 4.81 times compared with Ce6 and M-Ce6. The two-pronged strategy showed a high potential for delivering the Ce6 to deep inside of cancer cells and killing it in the simulated tumor by PDT. These above results demonstrated the potential of E-Ce6, as oxygen self-sufficiency and GSH depletion nanocarriers for combined enhancement of photodynamic therapy.


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia , Porfirinas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Flúor , Oxigênio , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia
10.
Nanoscale ; 13(38): 16197-16206, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545903

RESUMO

Nanotheranostics for fluorescence/magnetic resonance (FL/MR) dual-modal imaging guided photodynamic therapy (PDT) are highly desirable in precision and personalized medicine. In this study, a facile non-covalent electrostatic interaction induced self-assembly strategy is developed to effectively encapsulate gadolinium porphyrin (Gd-TCPP) into homogeneous supramolecular nanoparticles (referred to as Gd-PNPs). Gd-PNPs exhibit the following advantages: (1) excellent FL imaging property, high longitudinal relaxivity (16.157 mM-1 s-1), and good singlet oxygen (1O2) production property; (2) excellent long-term colloidal stability, dispersity and biocompatibility; and (3) enhanced in vivo FL/MR imaging guided tumor growth inhibition efficiency for CT 26 tumor-bearing mice. This study provides a new strategy to design and synthesize metalloporphyrin-based nanotheranostics for imaging-guided cancer therapy with enhanced theranostic properties.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Fotoquimioterapia , Porfirinas , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Gadolínio , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Polímeros , Nanomedicina Teranóstica
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445798

RESUMO

The bacterium Legionella pneumophila is still one of the probable causes of waterborne diseases, causing serious respiratory illnesses. In the aquatic systems, L. pneumophila exists inside free-living amoebae or can form biofilms. Currently developed disinfection methods are not sufficient for complete eradication of L. pneumophila biofilms in water systems of interest. Photodynamic inactivation (PDI) is a method that results in an antimicrobial effect by using a combination of light and a photosensitizer (PS). In this work, the effect of PDI in waters of natural origin and of different hardness, as a treatment against L. pneumophila biofilm, was investigated. Three cationic tripyridylporphyrins, which were previously described as efficient agents against L. pneumophila alone, were used as PSs. We studied how differences in water hardness affect the PSs' stability, the production of singlet oxygen, and the PDI activity on L. pneumophila adhesion and biofilm formation and in biofilm destruction. Amphiphilic porphyrin showed a stronger tendency for aggregation in hard and soft water, but its production of singlet oxygen was higher in comparison to tri- and tetracationic hydrophilic porphyrins that were stable in all water samples. All three studied porphyrins were shown to be effective as PDI agents against the adhesion of the L. pneumophila to polystyrene, against biofilm formation, and in the destruction of the formed biofilm, in their micromolar concentrations. However, a higher number of dissolved ions, i.e., water hardness, generally reduced somewhat the PDI activity of all the porphyrins at all tested biofilm growth stages.


Assuntos
Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Cátions/farmacologia , Dureza/efeitos dos fármacos , Legionella pneumophila/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Porfirinas/farmacologia , Água/química , Amoeba/microbiologia , Oxigênio Singlete/farmacologia , Microbiologia da Água
12.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(33): 8096-8102, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34406777

RESUMO

Nucleic acid sequences rich in guanines can organize into noncanonical DNA G-quadruplexes (G4s) of variable size. The design of small molecules stabilizing the structure of G4s is a rapidly growing area for the development of novel anticancer therapeutic strategies and bottom-up nanotechnologies. Among a multitude of binders, porphyrins are very attractive due to their light activation that can make them valuable conformational regulators of G4s. Here, a structure-based strategy, integrating complementary probes, is employed to study the interaction between TMPyP4 porphyrin and a 22-base human telomeric sequence (Tel22) before and after irradiation with blue light. Porphyrin binding is discovered to promote Tel22 dimerization, while light irradiation of the Tel22-TMPyP4 complex controls dimer fraction. Such a change in quaternary structure is found to be strictly correlated with modifications at the secondary structure level, thus providing an unprecedented link between the degree of dimerization and the underlying conformational changes in G4s.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Quadruplex G , Porfirinas/química , Raios X , Dicroísmo Circular , Dimerização , Estrutura Molecular , Espalhamento de Radiação , Telômero
13.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5001, 2021 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408151

RESUMO

As a basic structure of most polypyridinal metal complexes, [Ru(bpy)3]2+, has the advantages of simple structure, facile synthesis and high yield, which has great potential for scientific research and application. However, sonodynamic therapy (SDT) performance of [Ru(bpy)3]2+ has not been investigated so far. SDT can overcome the tissue-penetration and phototoxicity problems compared to photodynamic therapy. Here, we report that [Ru(bpy)3]2+ is a highly potent sonosensitizer and sonocatalyst for sonotherapy in vitro and in vivo. [Ru(bpy)3]2+ can produce singlet oxygen (1O2) and sono-oxidize endogenous 1,4-dihydronicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) under ultrasound (US) stimulation in cancer cells. Furthermore, [Ru(bpy)3]2+ enables effective destruction of mice tumors, and the therapeutic effect can reach deep tissues over 10 cm under US irradiation. This work paves a way for polypyridinal metal complexes to be applied to the noninvasive precise sonotherapy of cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Neoplasias/terapia , Rutênio/química , Terapia por Ultrassom , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , NAD/metabolismo , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Oxirredução/efeitos da radiação , Porfirinas/química , Rutênio/administração & dosagem , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo , Ondas Ultrassônicas
14.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 7(9): 4503-4508, 2021 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34437801

RESUMO

Porphyrins have been extensively used in clinical phototherapy. However, most of them exhibited absorption below 700 nm. We report conjugated tri-porphyrins showing absorption within a biological phototherapy window (700-850 nm). On this basis, bioinspired intracellular pH-sensitive metallo-supramolecular nanoparticles (NPs) are designed. They provide the simultaneous photothermal therapy and chemotherapy. After treatment by tail vein injection, the tumor was completely relieved without recurrence in a course of 27 days. These bioinspired intracellular pH-sensitive metallo-supramolecular NPs show excellent potential application in near-infrared photoacoustic imaging-guided chemo-photothermal combined therapy.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Porfirinas , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Fototerapia
15.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 17(9): 5429-5439, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351751

RESUMO

Molecular dynamics simulations provide fundamental knowledge on the reaction mechanism of a given simulated molecular process. Nevertheless, other methodologies based on the "static" exploration of potential energy surfaces are usually employed to firmly provide the reaction coordinate directly related to the reaction mechanism, as is the case in intrinsic reaction coordinates for thermally activated reactions. Photoinduced processes in molecular systems can also be studied with these two strategies, as is the case in the triplet energy transfer process. Triplet energy transfer is a fundamental photophysical process in photochemistry and photobiology, being for instance involved in photodynamic therapy, when generating the highly reactive singlet oxygen species. Here, we study the triplet energy transfer process between porphyrin, a prototypical energy transfer donor, and different biologically relevant acceptors, including molecular oxygen, carotenoids, and rhodopsin. The results obtained by means of nanosecond time-scale molecular dynamics simulations are compared to the "static" determination of the reaction coordinate for such a thermal process, leading to the distortions determining an effective energy transfer. This knowledge was finally applied to propose porphyrin derivatives for producing the required structural modifications in order to tune their singlet-triplet energy gap, thus introducing a mechanochemical description of the mechanism.


Assuntos
Transferência de Energia , Porfirinas/química , Carotenoides/química , Química Computacional/métodos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/química , Rodopsina/química
16.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 207: 112025, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403982

RESUMO

In this research, a hydrogel that combined the tumor photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT) ability was designed, using dopamine-modified sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC-DA) as the matrix and Chlorin e6 (Ce6) as the photosensitizer. The gel formation was initiated by adding the oxidizing agent sodium periodate (NaIO4) to the CMC-DA solution, during which the dopamine was simultaneously oxidized to polydopamine (PDA) and NaIO4 was reduced to sodium iodide (NaI). The formed NaI was encapsulated in the hydrogel and endowed the hydrogel with computerized tomography (CT) imaging ability to monitor the hydrogel degradation and the tumor therapy process. Moreover, the photosensitizer Ce6 can be loaded by the gel system via directly soaking the hydrogel in the Ce6 solution. Under the near-infrared light irradiation, Ce6 can produce cytotoxic reactive oxygen species and the PDA can produce heat to trigger the tumor PDT and PTT respectively to eradicate the tumor recurrence. In general, the designed hydrogel is biocompatible and biodegradable, has a good photothermal conversion, drug loading and CT imaging ability, which laid the foundation for the rational design of biodegradable hydrogels for multifunctional applications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Porfirinas , Carboximetilcelulose Sódica , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Hidrogéis , Indóis , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Polímeros
17.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443535

RESUMO

Pressure is one of the most important parameters controlling the kinetics of chemical reactions. The ability to combine high-pressure techniques with time-resolved spectroscopy has provided a powerful tool in the study of reaction mechanisms. This review is focused on the supporting role of high-pressure kinetic and spectroscopic methods in the exploration of nitric oxide bioinorganic chemistry. Nitric oxide and other reactive nitrogen species (RNS) are important biological mediators involved in both physiological and pathological processes. Understanding molecular mechanisms of their interactions with redox-active metal/non-metal centers in biological targets, such as cofactors, prosthetic groups, and proteins, is crucial for the improved therapy of various diseases. The present review is an attempt to demonstrate how the application of high-pressure kinetic and spectroscopic methods can add additional information, thus enabling the mechanistic interpretation of various NO bioinorganic reactions.


Assuntos
Química Bioinorgânica , Óxido Nítrico/química , Pressão , Hemeproteínas/análise , Cinética , Porfirinas/química
18.
ACS Infect Dis ; 7(8): 2565-2582, 2021 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346692

RESUMO

Biofilms, structured communities of bacterial cells embedded in a self-produced extracellular matrix (ECM) which consists of proteins, polysaccharide intercellular adhesins (PIAs), and extracellular DNA (eDNA), play a key role in clinical infections and are associated with an increased morbidity and mortality by protecting the embedded bacteria against drug and immune response. The high levels of antibiotic tolerance render classical antibiotic therapies impractical for biofilm-related infections. Thus, novel drugs and strategies are required to reduce biofilm tolerance and eliminate biofilm-protected bacteria. Here, we showed that gallium, an iron mimetic metal, can lead to nutritional iron starvation and act as dispersal agent triggering the reconstruction and dispersion of mature methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) biofilms in an eDNA-dependent manner. The extracellular matrix, along with the integral bacteria themselves, establishes the integrated three-dimensional structure of the mature biofilm. The structures and compositions of gallium-treated mature biofilms differed from those of natural or antibiotic-survived mature biofilms but were similar to those of immature biofilms. Similar to immature biofilms, gallium-treated biofilms had lower levels of antibiotic tolerance, and our in vitro tests showed that treatment with gallium agents reduced the antibiotic tolerance of mature MRSA biofilms. Thus, the sequential administration of gallium agents (gallium porphyrin and gallium nitrate) and relatively low concentrations of vancomycin (16 mg/L) effectively eliminated mature MRSA biofilms and eradicated biofilm-enclosed bacteria within 1 week. Our results suggested that gallium agents may represent a potential treatment for refractory biofilm-related infections, such as prosthetic joint infections (PJI) and osteomyelitis, and provide a novel basis for future biofilm treatments based on the disruption of normal biofilm-development processes.


Assuntos
Gálio , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Porfirinas , Biofilmes , DNA , Gálio/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Vancomicina/farmacologia
19.
Langmuir ; 37(36): 10859-10865, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450021

RESUMO

Liposomes containing small amounts of porphyrin-phospholipid (PoP) have been shown to encapsulate small molecular weight cargos and then release them upon exposure to red light. A putative mechanism involves transient pore formation in the bilayer induced by PoP-mediated photo-oxidation of unsaturated lipids. However, little is known about the properties of such pores. This study assesses whether large carbohydrate and protein molecules could be released from PoP liposomes upon red light exposure. A small fluorophore with ∼0.5 kDa in molecular weight, fluorescently labeled dextrans of ∼5 and ∼500 kDa, and a ∼240 kDa fluorescent protein were passively entrapped in PoP liposomes. When exposed to 665 nm irradiation, liposomes containing PoP, but not liposomes lacking it, released all these cargos in a size-dependent manner that occurred with oxidation of unsaturated lipids included in the bilayer. Thus, this study demonstrates the feasibility of light-triggered release of large biomacromolecules from liposomes.


Assuntos
Lipossomos , Porfirinas , Corantes Fluorescentes , Fosfolipídeos
20.
Top Curr Chem (Cham) ; 379(5): 35, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382110

RESUMO

This review arises from the need to rationalize the huge amount of information on the structural and spectroscopic properties of a peculiar class of porphyrin derivatives-the non-ionic PEGylated porphyrins-collected during almost two decades of research. The lack of charged groups in the molecular architecture of these porphyrin derivatives is the leitmotif of the work and plays an outstanding role in highlighting those interactions between porphyrins, or between porphyrins and target molecules (e.g., hydrophobic-, hydrogen bond related-, and coordination-interactions, to name just a few) that are often masked by stronger electrostatic contributions. In addition, it is exactly these weaker interactions between porphyrins that make the aggregated forms more prone to couple efficiently with external perturbative fields like weak hydrodynamic vortexes or temperature gradients. In the absence of charge, solubility in water is very often achieved by covalent functionalization of the porphyrin ring with polyethylene glycol chains. Various modifications, including of chain length or the number of chains, the presence of a metal atom in the porphyrin core, or having two or more porphyrin rings in the molecular architecture, result in a wide range of properties. These encompass self-assembly with different aggregate morphology, molecular recognition of biomolecules, and different photophysical responses, which can be translated into numerous promising applications in the sensing and biomedical field, based on turn-on/turn-off fluorescence and on photogeneration of radical species.


Assuntos
Corantes/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Porfirinas/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Estrutura Molecular , Solubilidade , Água/química
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...