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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675210

RESUMO

The self-assembling kinetics of the 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-sulfonato-phenyl)porphyrin (TPPS4) into nano-tubular J-aggregates under strong acidic condition and in the presence of amino acids as templating chiral reagents have been investigated through UV/Vis spectroscopy. The ability of the chiral species to transfer its chiral information to the final J-aggregate has been measured through circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy and compared to the spontaneous symmetry breaking process usually observed in these nano-aggregates. Under the experimental conditions here selected, including mixing protocol, we have observed a large difference in the observed aggregation rates for the various amino acids, those with a positively charged side group being the most effective. On the contrary, these species are less efficient in transferring their chirality, exhibiting a quite low or modest enhancement in the observed dissymmetry g-factors. On the other side, hydrophobic and some hydrophilic amino acids are revealed to be very active in inducing chirality with a discrete increase of intensity of the detected CD bands with respect to the spontaneous symmetry breaking.


Assuntos
Porfirinas , Porfirinas/química , Aminoácidos , Estereoisomerismo , Dicroísmo Circular , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
2.
Top Curr Chem (Cham) ; 381(1): 7, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36607442

RESUMO

The incorporation of aryl substituents at the meso-positions of calix[4]pyrrole (C4P) scaffolds produces aryl-extended (AE) and super-aryl-extended (SAE) calix[4]pyrroles. The cone conformation of the all-α isomers of "multi-wall" AE-C4Ps and SAE-C4Ps displays deep aromatic clefts or cavities. In particular, "four-wall" receptors feature an aromatic polar cavity closed at one end with four convergent pyrrole rings and fully open at the opposite end. This makes AE- and SAE-C4P scaffolds effective receptors for the molecular recognition of negatively charged ions and neutral guest molecules with donor-acceptor and hydrogen bonding motifs. In addition, adequately functionalized all-α isomers of multi wall AE- and SAE-C4P scaffolds self-assemble into uni-molecular and supra-molecular aggregates displaying capsular and cage-like structures. The self-assembly process requires the presence of template ions or molecules that lock the C4P cone conformation and complementing the inner polar functions and volumes of their cavities. We envisioned performing an in-depth revision of AE- and SAE-C4P scaffolds owing to their importance in different domains such as supramolecular chemistry, biology, material sciences and pharmaceutical chemistry. Herewith, besides the synthetic details on the elaboration of their structures, we also draw attention to their diverse applications. The organization of this review is mainly based on the number of "walls" present in the AE-C4P derivatives and their structural modifications. The sections are further divided based on the C4P functions and applications. The authors are convinced that this review will be of interest to researchers working in the general area of supramolecular chemistry as well as those involved in the study of the binding properties and applications of C4P derivatives.


Assuntos
Porfirinas , Pirróis , Pirróis/química , Porfirinas/química , Modelos Moleculares , Íons/química , Conformação Molecular
3.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677627

RESUMO

We report the use of a carboxylated pyrrolidine-fused chlorin (TCPC) as a fluorescent probe for the determination of glutathione (GSH) in 7.4 pH phosphate buffer. TCPC is a very stable, highly emissive molecule that has been easily obtained from meso-tetrakis(4-methoxycarbonylphenyl) porphyrin (TCPP) through a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition approach. First, we describe the coordination of TCPC with Hg(II) ions and the corresponding spectral changes, mainly characterized by a strong quenching of the chlorin emission band. Then, the TCPC-Hg2+ complex exhibits a significant fluorescence turn-on in the presence of low concentrations of the target analyte GSH. The efficacy of the sensing molecule was tested by using different TCPC:Hg2+ concentration ratios (1:2, 1:5 and 1:10) that gave rise to sigmoidal response curves in all cases with modulating detection limits, being the lowest 40 nM. The experiments were carried out under physiological conditions and the selectivity of the system was demonstrated against a number of potential interferents, including cysteine. Furthermore, the TCPC macrocycle did not showed a significant fluorescent quenching in the presence of other metal ions.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Porfirinas , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Porfirinas/química , Glutationa , Íons , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
4.
Chempluschem ; 88(1): e202200413, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680306

RESUMO

A series of gallium(III) amide corroles including meso-5,15-bis(pentafluorophenyl)-10-(4-Pyridinamide-phenyl)corrole gallium (III) (1-Ga), meso-5,15-bis(pentafluorophenyl)-10-(4-Furamide-phenyl)corrole gallium(III) (2-Ga) and meso-5,15-bis(pentafluorophenyl)-10-(4-Thiophenamide-phenyl)corrole gallium(III) (3-Ga) were synthesized. The interaction of these complexes with DNA and their photodynamic antitumor activities have been studied. UV spectra titration showed that these gallium(III) corroles interact with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) through an external binding mode. All three gallium(III) corroles can effectively generate singlet oxygen under illumination and have good photostability. Among the three gallium(III) corroles, 2-Ga exhibited excellent photodynamic antitumor activity against the tested tumor cell lines under light irradiation (625±2 nm, 0.3 mW/cm2 , 1.08 J/cm2 ). The best phototoxicity was observed by 2-Ga against HepG2 cells (IC50 =6.3±0.9), which is even better than temoporfin (IC50 =8.4±1.8). It could block HepG2 cells in the sub-G0 phase and effectively induce apoptosis of HepG2 cells under 625 nm light irradiation.


Assuntos
Gálio , Neoplasias , Porfirinas , Gálio/farmacologia , Gálio/química , Porfirinas/química , DNA/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
5.
Mikrochim Acta ; 190(2): 61, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662318

RESUMO

Chirality plays a key role in many fields of natural sciences as well as life sciences. Chiral materials are widely developed and used for electrochemical chiral recognition. In recent years, carbon quantum dots (CQDs) have been widely used as a novel carbon nanomaterial due to their excellent charge transfer properties, good biocompatibility, and low cost. The special structure of π-conjugated porphyrin attracts attention. Supramolecular self-assembly shows a way to construct chiral materials by self-assembling simple molecules into chiral composites. Herein, we demonstrate the self-assembly of achiral porphyrins induced by chiral carbon quantum dots assembled from L- and or D-tryptophan (L- and or D-Trp) with carbon quantum dots, resulting in 5,10,15,20-tetrakis (4-carboxyPheyl) (TCPP) self-assembled structure. The electrochemical chiral recognition of chiral self-assembled materials was studied using Phenylalanine (Phe) enantiomer as a chiral analyte. Electrochemical chiral recognition results showed that the chiral self-assembled materials induced by chiral templates have a good ability to discriminate Phe enantiomers. Therefore, this research provides a new idea for the synthesis of chiral composites and further expands applications to electrochemical chiral recognition.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas , Porfirinas , Porfirinas/química , Fenilalanina/química , Triptofano , Carbono
6.
Molecules ; 28(1)2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615568

RESUMO

Electrochemical reduction of CO2 to value-added chemicals has been hindered by poor product selectivity and competition from hydrogen evolution reactions. This study aims to unravel the origin of the product selectivity and competitive hydrogen evolution reaction on [MP]0 catalysts (M = Fe, Co, Rh and Ir; P is porphyrin ligand) by analyzing the mechanism of CO2 reduction and H2 formation based on the results of density functional theory calculations. Reduction of CO2 to CO and HCOO- proceeds via the formation of carboxylate adduct ([MP-COOH]0 and ([MP-COOH]-) and metal-hydride [MP-H]-, respectively. Competing proton reduction to gaseous hydrogen shares the [MP-H]- intermediate. Our results show that the pKa of [MP-H]0 can be used as an indicator of the CO or HCOO-/H2 preference. Furthermore, an ergoneutral pH has been determined and used to determine the minimum pH at which selective CO2 reduction to HCOO- becomes favorable over the H2 production. These analyses allow us to understand the product selectivity of CO2 reduction on [FeP]0, [CoP]0, [RhP]0 and [IrP]0; [FeP]0 and [CoP]0 are selective for CO whereas [RhP]0 and [IrP]0 are selective for HCOO- while suppressing H2 formation. These descriptors should be applicable to other catalysts in an aqueous medium.


Assuntos
Metaloporfirinas , Porfirinas , Dióxido de Carbono , Hidrogênio , Prótons
7.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 18: 1-16, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36632237

RESUMO

Introduction: Combination therapy is a promising approach to promote the efficacy and reduce the systemic toxicity of cancer therapy. Herein, we examined the potency of a combined chemo-phototherapy approach by constructing a hyaluronidase- and reactive oxygen species-responsive hyaluronic acid nanoparticle carrying a chemotherapy drug and a photosensitizer in a tumor-bearing mouse model. We hypothesized that following decomposition, the drugs inside the nanocomplex will be released in the tumors to provide effective tumor treatment. We aimed to design a smart drug delivery system that can improve traditional chemotherapy drug delivery and enhance the therapeutic efficacy in combination with photodynamic therapy. Methods: Hydrophilic hyaluronic acid (HA) was covalently modified with a hydrophobic 5ß-cholanic acid (CA) via an ROS-cleavable thioketal (tk) linker for a targeted co-deliver of 10-Hydroxy camptothecin (HCPT) and Chlorin e6 (Ce6) into tumors to improve the efficiency of combined chemo-photodynamic therapy. Results: The obtained HA-tk-CA nanoparticle carrying HCPT and Ce6, named HTCC, accumulated in the tumor through the enhanced permeable response (EPR) effect and HA-mediated CD44 targeting after intravenous administration. Upon laser irradiation and hyaluronidase degradation, HTCC was disrupted to release HCPT and Ce6 into the tumors. Compared to the monotherapy approach, HTCC demonstrated enhanced tumor growth inhibition and minimized systemic toxicity in a tumor-bearing mouse model. Conclusion: Our results suggested that controlled dual-drug release not only improved tumor drug delivery efficacy, but also reduced systemic side effects. In addition to HCPT and Ce6 delivery, the HA-tk-CA nanocomplex can be used to deliver other drugs in synergistic cancer therapy. Since most current combined therapy uses free drugs with distinct spatiotemporal distributions, the simultaneous co-delivery of dual drugs with a remote on-demand drug delivery nanosystem provides an alternative strategy for drug delivery design.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Porfirinas , Animais , Camundongos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Hialuronoglucosaminidase , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Camptotecina/química , Porfirinas/química , Nanopartículas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 145(2): 1031-1039, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608693

RESUMO

We report here a nanosized "buckytrap", 1, constructed from two bis-zinc(II) expanded-TTF (exTTF) porphyrin subunits. Two forms, 1a and 1b, differing in the axial ligands, H2O vs tetrahydrofuran (THF), were isolated and characterized. Discrete host-guest inclusion complexes are formed upon treatment with fullerenes as inferred from a single-crystal X-ray structural analyses of 1a with C70. The fullerene is found to be encapsulated within the inner pseudohexagonal cavity of 1a. In contrast, the corresponding free-base derivative (2) was found to form infinite ball-and-socket type supramolecular organic frameworks (3D-SOFs) with fullerenes, (2•C60)n or (2•C70)n. This difference is ascribed to the fact that in 1a and 1b the axial positions are blocked by a H2O or THF ligand. Emission spectroscopic studies supported a 1:1 host-guest binding stoichiometry, allowing association constants of (2.0 ± 0.5) × 104 M-1 and (4.3 ± 0.9) × 104 M-1 to be calculated for C60 and C70, respectively. Flash-photolysis time-resolved microwave conductivity (FP-TRMC) studies of solid films of the Zn-complex 1a revealed that the intrinsic charge carrier transport, i.e., pseudo-photoconductivity (ϕ∑µ), increases upon fullerene inclusion (e.g., ϕ∑µ = 1.53 × 10-4 cm2 V-1 s-1 for C60⊂(1a)2 and ϕ∑µ = 1.45 × 10-4 cm2 V-1 s-1 for C70⊂(1a)2 vs ϕ∑µ = 2.49 × 10-5 cm2 V-1 s-1 for 1a) at 298 K. These findings provide support for the notion that controlling the nature of self-assembly supramolecular constructs formed from exTTF-porphyrin dimers through metalation or choice of fullerene can be used to regulate key functional features, including photoconductivity.


Assuntos
Fulerenos , Porfirinas , Fulerenos/química , Porfirinas/química , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
9.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1239: 340615, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36628698

RESUMO

A novel porphyrin-based magnetic covalent organic framework (PCOF) was first reported by using a facile synthetic procedure. The Fe3O4@NH2@PCOF nanospheres were utilized to effectively extract personal care products in a wide polarity range (log Kow values from 1.96 to 7.60). The successful magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) of target analytes could be ascribed to the sufficient oxygen-, nitrogen- and phenyl-containing functional groups of the COF layer, which are demonstrated to be of good compatibility with pollutants exhibiting different polarities by using molecular dynamics simulations, independent gradient model analysis and various characterizations. The MSPE extraction efficiency was enhanced by optimizing key parameters. The findings indicated that the method had a wide linearity range (1-500 ng mL-1 for parabens and UV filters) and low detection limits (0.4-0.9 ng mL-1 for parabens and 0.2-0.6 ng mL-1 for UV filters). The accuracy was reflected by recoveries ranging from 74% to 114%. Satisfactory intra- and inter-day precisions from 3.0% to 9.8% and 0.5%-9.1% were obtained. Overall, the proposed MSPE-HPLC method is accurate and reliable for identifying parabens as well as UV filters in wastewater and swimming pool water. The potential of the method for evaluating human exposure risk was unfolded.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Porfirinas , Humanos , Parabenos/análise , Magnetismo/métodos , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Limite de Detecção
10.
J Inorg Biochem ; 240: 112109, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592509

RESUMO

A series of six-coordinate diCo(III) porphyrin dimers, as synthetic analogues of diheme cytochromes, have been reported here having bis(imidazole), bis(pyridine) and mixed thiophenolate-pyridine/imidazole axial ligands. In the X-ray structures of bis(imidazole) and bis(pyridine) complexes, the axial ligands are in perpendicular orientation while they are parallelly oriented in their monomeric analog. The porphyrin rings are also highly ruffle-distorted in dimer but planar in monomer which reflect the effect of intramolecular interaction between two Co(porphyrin) units in dimers. In the X-ray structure of diCo(III) thiophenolate-pyridine mixed-ligated complex, the axial Co-S and Co-N(py) distances are 2.256(1) and 2.063(2) Å, respectively. The Co-N(py) distance of 2.063(2) Å is much longer than the distances of 1.961(3) and 1.972(3) Å observed in bis(pyridine) complex and the Co-S distance is larger than Co-N(py) in the mixed ligated complex which results in a displacement of Co by 0.15 Štowards the pyridine ligand from the mean porphyrin plane. Indeed, this is the first X-ray structure of a metalloporphyrin with mixed thiophenolate-pyridine axial ligands. The effect of mixed-axial ligation is demonstrated by a blue-shift of the Soret band in the UV-visible spectroscopy and also a positive shift of the Co(III)/Co(II) redox couple as compared to their bis(pyridine) analogue. The redox potentials are shifted to a large negative value just upon replacing the metal from iron to cobalt. The present investigation emphasizes the role of axial ligation, metal ions, and also the effect of heme-heme interaction in controlling the spectral and electrochemical properties.


Assuntos
Porfirinas , Porfirinas/química , Cobalto , Ligantes , Citocromos , Heme/química , Imidazóis/química , Piridinas/química
11.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 1682, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36717729

RESUMO

To compare the functional and anatomical outcome of fluorescein angiography (FA) versus indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) guided photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the treatment of non-resolving central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). In this prospective interventional case series, all patients with non-resolving CSCR, defined as persistent SRF involving subfoveal area for at least three months, were nonrandomly assigned to receive either FA or ICGA-guided half dose PDT. Baseline and 4 months post-treatment data including best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), the status of foveal subretinal fluid, subfoveal choroidal thickness, choroidal vascularity index, pigment epithelial detachment area, treatment and PDT spot numbers were collected. Thirty-six eyes were included; 24 received ICGA-guided and 12 received FA-guided PDT. Overall, improvement in BCVA and choroidal parameters were observed in all patients. There was no significant difference in baseline parameters as well as follow-up measurements between groups. However, the mean total energy dose and spot number in the IGCA-guided PDT were significantly higher than the FA-guided PDT group (P = 0.001). Both FA-guided and ICGA-guided half-dose PDT were effective in the treatment of non-resolving CSCR, with favorable functional and anatomical outcome. In FA group, PDT with smaller spot sizes and fewer numbers of spots were applied.


Assuntos
Coriorretinopatia Serosa Central , Fotoquimioterapia , Porfirinas , Humanos , Coriorretinopatia Serosa Central/diagnóstico por imagem , Coriorretinopatia Serosa Central/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Verteporfina/uso terapêutico , Verde de Indocianina , Angiofluoresceinografia , Estudos Prospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Doença Crônica , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
J Chromatogr A ; 1689: 463770, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638587

RESUMO

The ubiquitous occurrence of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the environmental water system has drawn significant concerns due to their adverse effects. The accurate monitoring the content of them is of great significance but challenging in terms of the complex matrix and trace concentration. In this work, a porphyrin-based magnetic porous organic polymer composite (PM-POP) was prepared through a solvent-free synthetic method. Owing to the highly porous structure and strong affinities, the as-prepared PM-POP could be utilized as a highly efficient adsorbent for the magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) of NSAIDs. Combining with the high-performance liquid chromatography separation with ultraviolet detector (HPLC-UV), a sensitive analytical method was established, which exhibited wide linear ranges (0.1-400 µg/L) and large enrichment factors (EFs) (39.5-82.9 folds) along with good precision (intra-day RSD ≤ 4.9%) and repeatability (inter-day RSD ≤ 8.4%). Ultimately, it was applied to determinate trace NSAIDs in practical water samples successfully, demonstrating its good application prospect in environmental analysis.


Assuntos
Polímeros , Porfirinas , Polímeros/química , Água , Porosidade , Adsorção , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/análise , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Limite de Detecção , Fenômenos Magnéticos
13.
Mar Drugs ; 21(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662214

RESUMO

Two novel free porphyrins, isabellins A and B, as well as the known compounds corallistin D and deuteroporphyrin IX were isolated from a marine sponge Isabela sp. LC-MS analysis of the crude extract revealed that the natural products were present both as free porphyrins and iron(III) coordinated hemins, designated isabellihemin A, isabellihemin B, corallistihemin D and deuterohemin IX, respectively. Structures were determined via high-resolution mass spectrometry, UV-Vis spectroscopy and extensive NOESY NMR spectroscopic experiments. The type-I alkyl substitution pattern of isabellin A and isabellihemin A was assigned unambiguously by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Biological evaluation of the metabolites revealed potent cytotoxicity for isabellin A against the NS-1 murine myeloma cell line.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Poríferos , Porfirinas , Animais , Camundongos , Hemina/metabolismo , Porfirinas/farmacologia , Poríferos/metabolismo , Compostos Férricos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Austrália , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 25(3): 1781-1798, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36597966

RESUMO

A new pentad array designed to exhibit panchromatic absorption and charge separation has been synthesized and characterized. The array is composed of a triad panchromatic absorber (a bis(perylene-monoimide)-porphyrin) to which are appended an electron acceptor (perylene-diimide) and an electron donor/hole acceptor (bacteriochlorin) in a crossbar arrangement. The motivation for incorporation of the bacteriochlorin versus a free-base or zinc chlorin utilized in prior constructs was to facilitate hole transfer to this terminal unit and thereby achieve a higher yield of charge separation across the array. The intense S0 → S1 (Qy) band of the bacteriochlorin also enhances absorption in the near-infrared spectral region. Due to synthetic constraints, a phenylethyne linker was used to join the bacteriochlorin to the core porphyrin of the panchromatic triad rather than the diphenylethyne linker employed for the prior chlorin-containing pentads. Static and time-resolved photophysical studies reveal enhanced excited-state quenching for the pentad in benzonitrile and dimethyl sulfoxide compared to the prior chlorin-containing analogues. Success was only partial, however, as a long-lived charge separated state was not observed despite the improved energetics for the final ground-state hole/electron-shift reaction. The apparent reason is more facile competing charge-recombination due to the shorter bacteriochlorin - porphyrin linker that increases electronic coupling for this process. The studies highlight design criteria for balancing panchromatic absorption and long-lived charge separation in molecular architectures for solar-energy conversion.


Assuntos
Perileno , Porfirinas , Transferência de Energia
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(2): 2747-2759, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36607241

RESUMO

Bacteria-mediated cancer therapy has attracted much attention in recent years. However, using magnetotactic bacteria as both a drug carrier and a drug for cancer therapy has never been reported. Herein, we incorporated a photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) into the M. magneticum strain AMB-1 through a chemical bond or physical blending. A chemical reaction was finally selected for fabricating AMB-1/Ce6 micromotors, as such micromotors exhibited high drug payload and normal bacterial activities. An interesting finding is that AMB-1 is not only an excellent drug carrier but also a unique drug that could inhibit mouse tumor growth. We also, for the first time, demonstrated that AMB-1 is a photosensitizer. Under laser irradiation, micromotors killed cancer cells with high efficiency due to the high-level reactive oxygen species generated by the micromotors. Micromotors could target the hypoxic and normoxic regions in vitro via both the active swimming of AMB-1 and external magnetic field guidance. Micromotors showed high tumor-homing ability owing to the above double targeting mechanisms. After injection with the micromotors followed by magnetic field guidance and laser irradiation, the growth of mouse tumors was significantly inhibited owing to the AMB-1-based biotherapy and phototoxicity of AMB-1 and Ce6. This micromotor-mediated tumor-targeted therapy strategy may be a great platform for treating many types of solid tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Porfirinas , Animais , Camundongos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Portadores de Fármacos , Campos Magnéticos , Bactérias , Terapia Biológica , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Porfirinas/química
16.
Appl Radiat Isot ; 193: 110650, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646031

RESUMO

This study aims to produce and quality control of a new porphyrin complex labeled with 45Ti for PET imaging, so at the first step, the cross-section of 45Sc(p,n)45Ti was investigated by TALYS-1.6 and the optimal target thickness and theoretical yield were calculated by SRIM code. The purified 45Ti was labeled with the anticancer agent of tetrakis (pentafluorophenyl) porphyrin (TFPP). The radiochemical purity and the percentage of labeling were evaluated by radiation layer chromatography then the division coefficient of [45Ti]-TFPP was calculated. The dual coincidence imaging system was used for imaging 1 and 2 h after injection [45Ti]-TFPP to rats. Immediately after imaging, the mean percent injected dose per gram and specific activity of different tissues including blood, heart, lungs, stomach, liver, bone, kidney, spleen, intestine, muscle, feces, and skin were measured. The yield of 45Ti production was measured 468 MBq/µAh and the labeling rate was observed more than 98%. The highest activity was observed in the liver (%ID/g = 2.27%, 1 h) and spleen (2.2%, 1 h), respectively, because of the high lipophilic of 45Ti-TFPP. SPECT images showed a significant uptake of radiopharmaceuticals in the abdomen. The labeling rate of 45Ti-TFPP was high and this compound has the potential for clinical application in different ways than PSMA, it can be joined with photodynamic therapy (Severin et al., 2015).


Assuntos
Porfirinas , Ratos , Animais , Titânio , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/química , Controle de Qualidade
17.
J Am Chem Soc ; 145(1): 455-464, 2023 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36546690

RESUMO

A supramolecular chiral hydrogen-bonded tetrameric aggregate possessing a large cavity and tetraarylporphyrin substituents was assembled using alternating 4H- and 2H-bonds between ureidopyrimidinone and isocytosine units, respectively. The aggregation mode was rationally shifted from social to narcissistic self-sorting by changing urea substituent size only. The H-bonded tetramer forms a strong complex with C60 guest, at the same time undergoing remarkable structural changes. Namely, the cavity adjusts to the guest via keto-to-enol tautomerization of the ureidopyrimidinone unit and as a result, porphyrin substituents move apart from each other in a scissor blade-like opening fashion. The rearrangement is accompanied by C-H···π interaction between the alkyl solubilizing groups and the nearby placed porphyrin π-systems. The latter interaction was found to be crucial for the guest complexation event, providing energetic compensation for otherwise costly tautomerization. We showed that only the systems possessing sufficiently long alkyl chains capable of interacting with a porphyrin ring are able to form a complex with C60. The structural rearrangement of the tetramer was quantitatively characterized by electron paramagnetic resonance pulsed dipolar spectroscopy measurements using photogenerated triplets of porphyrin and C60 as spin probes. Further exploring the C-H···π interaction as a decisive element for the C60 recognition, we investigated the guest-induced self-sorting phenomenon using scrambled tetramer assemblies composed of two types of monomers possessing alkyl chains of different lengths. The presence of the fullerene guest has enabled the selective scavenging of monomers capable of C-H···π interaction to form homo-tetrameric aggregates.


Assuntos
Fulerenos , Porfirinas , Porfirinas/química , Fulerenos/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Hidrogênio
18.
Talanta ; 252: 123825, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35985190

RESUMO

A fluorescence and photothermal dual-signal assay was developed for the determination of ascorbic acid (AA). Cerium/polyacrylic acid modified porphyrin metal-organic frameworks (PCN-224@PAA-Ce MOFs) exhibit oxidase-like activity and can effectively oxidize 3,3 ', 5,5 '-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) from colorless substrates to blue substrates (oxTMB). The absorption spectrum of oxTMB overlaps with the emission spectrum of PCN-224@PAA-Ce, resulting in quenching of fluorescence emission of PCN-224@PAA-Ce. oxTMB, as an excellent photothermal agent, converts the optical signal into the thermal signal (temperature increasing) driven by 808 nm laser. In the presence of AA, the blue oxTMB was reduced to colorless TMB, which led to the fluorescence recovery of PCN-224@PAA-Ce and at the same time, the photothermal signal was changed with the temperature decreasing under the driving of 808 nm laser. The detection limits (LOD) of fluorescence/photothermal dual-mode AA sensor strategies were as low as 0.73 µM and 1.4 µM, respectively. Rapid analysis of ascorbic acid was accomplished with the present procedure, AA in vitamin C tablets and human serum samples were validated.


Assuntos
Cério , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Porfirinas , Humanos , Ácido Ascórbico/análise , Colorimetria/métodos , Limite de Detecção
19.
Food Chem ; 401: 134131, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103740

RESUMO

In this work, a highly sensitive immunochromatographic test strip (ITS) based on Scandium-Tetrakis (4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin (TCPP) metal-organic framework nanocubes (ScTMNs) was developed for ultrasensitive and facile visual determination of imidacloprid (IDP). TCPP as the porphyrin-based planar ligand and Sc3+ as the metal center were applied to form the ScTMNs via coordination chelation. Giving the credit to its excellent optical characteristics, strong affinity with monoclonal antibodies, and favorable biocompatibility, the ScTMNs was selected as a signal tag. Under optimized conditions, the ITS exhibited a great liner relationship in the range of 0.04-3 ng/mL and the detection limit was 0.04 ng/mL for the IDP detection. Additionally, IDP was successfully detected in tomatoes, millet, corn and carrot samples with satisfied recoveries. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that ScTMNs have been used in immunochromatography which are expected to have potential applications in detection of other substances.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Porfirinas , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Cromatografia de Afinidade/métodos , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Imunoensaio , Ligantes , Limite de Detecção , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/análise , Escândio/análise
20.
J Mater Chem B ; 11(3): 675-686, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36562480

RESUMO

Safety assessment of carbon nanomaterials is of paramount importance since they are on the frontline for applications in sensing, bioimaging and drug delivery. The biocompatibility and safety of functionalized nanodiamonds (NDs) are here addressed through the study of the pro-inflammatory response of RAW-264.7 macrophages exposed to new nanodiamonds@corrole hybrids. The corrole unit selected is as a prototype for a hydrophobic organic molecule that can function as a NIR fluorophore reporter, an optical sensor, a photodynamic therapy agent or a photocatalyst. The new functional nanohybrids containing detonated nanodiamonds (NDs) were obtained through esterification using carboxylated NDs and glycol corroles. The success of the covalent functionalization via carbodiimide activation was confirmed through X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The UV-vis absorption and emission spectra of the hybrids are additive with respect to the corrole features. The cellular uptake, localization, cell viability and effects on immune cell activation of the new hybrids and of the precursors were carefully investigated using RAW-264.7 macrophages. Overall results showed that the ND@corrole hybrids had no pro-inflammatory effects on the RAW-264.7 macrophage cell line, making them an ideal candidate for a wide range of biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Nanodiamantes , Porfirinas , Nanodiamantes/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Porfirinas/farmacologia , Macrófagos
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