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1.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299814, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Snakebites are a dangerous and significant medical emergency that occurs worldwide. The World Health Organization has recommended that teaching and training in the prevention and management of snakebites be included in the curriculum of nursing schools and other educational activities. Identification of venomous snakes and first aid would be more critical in the prevention of occupational danger worldwide. This study aims to assess the knowledge in identifying venomous snakes, snakebites, and first aid methods of snakebites among nursing students in the Southern Province of Sri Lanka. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed among 425 nursing students who were studying in different educational settings: undergraduates at the University of Ruhuna, and nursing students in the three schools of nursing in Galle, Matara, and Hambantota. Data were gathered by incorporating a pre-tested self-administered questionnaire after obtaining institutional permission. The total score of whole knowledge ranged from 0 to 34 for the identification of venomous snakes. Data collection was performed after obtaining ethical clearance from the Ethics Review Committee, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka. RESULTS: Most of the students (82.6%) were in the 24-26 age category and the majority were females. Most of the sample (64.7%) had low knowledge of identifying venomous snakes. A higher percentage of students (57.4%) had a sufficient level of knowledge about first aid methods associated with snakebites and 169 participants (39.8%) had a high level of knowledge regarding first aid methods. Further, a significant impact on students' knowledge and knowledge of first aid methods was reported. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION: The overall knowledge of identifying venomous snakes among the nursing students was inadequate. However, the knowledge about the first aid methods was at a moderate level. Strategies are needed to improve knowledge in identifying venomous snakes and first aid methods of snakebites amongst nursing students in both educational settings.


Assuntos
Mordeduras de Serpentes , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mordeduras de Serpentes/diagnóstico , Mordeduras de Serpentes/epidemiologia , Mordeduras de Serpentes/terapia , Serpentes , Estudos Transversais , Primeiros Socorros
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541273

RESUMO

Unintentional injuries significantly contribute to mortality and morbidity among children under five, with higher prevalence in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Deprived communities in these regions face increased injury risks, yet there is limited research on child safety tailored to their unique challenges. To address this gap, we conducted focus group discussions in rural Uganda, involving parents, village health workers, community leaders, teachers, and maids. The objective was to understand community perceptions around child safety and determine what culturally and age-appropriate solutions may work to prevent child injuries. Analysis of discussions from ten focus groups revealed five main themes: injury causes, child development and behavior, adult behavior, environmental factors, and potential safety kit components. Common injuries included falls, burns, drowning, and poisoning, often linked to environmental hazards such as unsafe bunk beds and wet floors. Financial constraints and limited space emerged as cross-cutting issues. Participants suggested educational resources, first aid knowledge, and practical devices like solar lamps as potential solutions. The study presents invaluable insights into child safety in rural Ugandan homes, emphasizing the role of community awareness and engagement in designing effective, accessible interventions. It underscores the importance of context-specific strategies to prevent childhood injuries in similar resource-constrained environments.


Assuntos
Lesões Acidentais , Queimaduras , Afogamento , Ferimentos e Lesões , Criança , Adulto , Humanos , Pobreza , Primeiros Socorros , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/prevenção & controle
4.
Wilderness Environ Med ; 35(1): 51-56, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379493

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Basic life support (BLS) is an emergency skill that includes performing appropriate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a leading cause of mortality worldwide and is rising in Nepal. After an OHCA event, a bystander starting CPR quickly has been shown to increase the survival rate. While the Nepali police are generally the first responders to emergencies in rural parts, they are not trained in BLS. This program assesses a pilot training of hands-only CPR and choking first aid to the Nepal Police and Nepal Army participants in rural Nepal. METHODS: A community-based nonprofit organization, HAPSA-Nepal, coordinated with local government to pilot this program. The program included pre- and post-tests, lectures, videos, and small group hands-on exercises; facilitators included faculty emergency physicians, residents, and medical officers. Structured pre- andp post-test questionnaires, confidence surveys, and skills checklists were conducted. Descriptive analysis examined the respondent's characteristics, and paired t-test was used to compare pretest and post-test scores. RESULTS: A total of 126 participants received the training in this pilot phase. Prior to this training, 98.4% of the participants had not received any CPR training, and 100% of the participants had not received training on first aid for choking. The average pretest score was 4.4 with 95% CI ± 1.75, and the average post-test score was 8.06 with 95% CI ± 1.73 (out of a total of 11). All participants passed the skills assessment. CONCLUSIONS: Locally adapted BLS training programs that included hands-only CPR and choking first aid showed a significant knowledge gain and skills competence among the frontline participants.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Polícia , Humanos , Primeiros Socorros , Nepal , Mãos
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397662

RESUMO

The coronavirus pandemic has generated and continues to create unprecedented demands on our healthcare systems. Healthcare workers (HCWs) face physical and psychological stresses caring for critically ill patients, including experiencing anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Nurses and nursing staff disproportionately experienced COVID-19-related psychological distress due to their vital role in infection mitigation and direct patient care. Therefore, there is a critical need to understand the short- and long-term impact of COVID-19 stress exposures on nursing staff wellbeing and to assess the impact of wellbeing programs aimed at supporting HCWs. To that end, the current study aims to evaluate an evidence-informed peer support stress reduction model, Stress First Aid (SFA), implemented across units within a psychiatric hospital in the New York City area during the pandemic. To examine the effectiveness of SFA, we measured stress, burnout, coping self-efficacy, resilience, and workplace support through self-report surveys completed by nurses and nursing staff over twelve months. The implementation of SFA across units has the potential to provide the workplace-level and individual-level skills necessary to reduce stress and promote resilience, which can be utilized and applied during waves of respiratory illness acuity or any other healthcare-related stressors among this population.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , COVID-19 , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Primeiros Socorros , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia
6.
Prim Health Care Res Dev ; 25: e8, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328884

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Sufficient knowledge required to deal with emergencies at the accident site may not be found in most medical students due to the lack of effective first-aid training in most medical education curricula. This study aims to assess and evaluate medical students' knowledge level in providing first-aid care, especially first-year students. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was distributed via social media to 1,855 medical students in October 2020. The knowledge level was assessed based on scores obtained for each clinical scenario requiring first aid and classified as good, intermediate, or weak. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software. RESULTS: The study found that academic year and specialization significantly influence medical students' first-aid knowledge level. However, demographic factors such as gender, university, marital status, housing status, work status, financial condition, and previous first-aid training did not show any significant effect. CONCLUSION: The level of knowledge among Syrian medical students in providing first-aid care is somewhat limited. Therefore, first-aid courses should be made more accessible to these students, and their effectiveness should be ensured and maintained through frequent updates. Moreover, more attention should be placed on publicizing first-aid knowledge to make life-saving procedures attainable to anyone, anytime and anywhere.


Assuntos
Primeiros Socorros , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Síria , Currículo
7.
Nurs Health Sci ; 26(1): e13093, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374517

RESUMO

In the present cross-sectional study, we determined the self-efficacy of nurses to apply psychological first aid (PFA) during disasters. The study sample consisted of 580 nurses working in Turkey. The data were collected online between July and November 2022 using the "Personal Information Form" and the "PFA Application Self-Efficacy Scale." The data were analyzed using descriptive statistical methods (number, percentage, mean, and standard deviation), generalized linear models, Bonferroni correction, and linear regression analysis. The mean PFA scale scores of male nurses, nurses working in intensive care units, working as service nurses, nurses who have previously received PFA training and applied PFA in disaster situations were higher. Moreover, 91.3% of nurses did not receive PFA training and 90.3% did not receive PFA service earlier, 31.0% did not apply for PFA, 18.3% did not know about PFA. The mean score of the PFA practice self-efficacy scale of nurses was 131.61 ± 19.41. There exists an urgent requirement to develop nurses' PFA application self-efficacy. It is recommended that nurses should be provided repeated PFA training and applied studies focusing on PFA interventions.


Assuntos
Desastres , Autoeficácia , Humanos , Masculino , Primeiros Socorros Psicológicos , Estudos Transversais , Turquia , Primeiros Socorros/métodos , Primeiros Socorros/psicologia
8.
Dent Traumatol ; 40 Suppl 1: 22-24, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363705

RESUMO

The Guidelines for Prevention of Traumatic Dental Injuries were reviewed and approved by the Board of Directors of the International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) and the Academy for Sports Dentistry (ASD).


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Avulsão Dentária , Traumatismos Dentários , Traumatologia , Humanos , Traumatismos Dentários/prevenção & controle , Primeiros Socorros , Odontologia
9.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 982024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38391131

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Teaching first aid (FA) to children and young people is a priority strategy in Public Health. The aim of this paper was to review and analyze new educational legislation within the FA curriculum framework, which is necessary for providing teachers and healthcare professionals with a practical guide that guides teaching to train first responders in different school stages. METHODS: A group of four experts with curricular experience at different educational levels, as well as in the field of FA, participated in this analysis. The methodology involved a consensus analysis approach on the content of the spanish Royal Decrees (RD) for Primary Education (RD 157/2022), Secondary Education (RD 217/2022), and Baccalaureate (RD 243/2022) that develop the curriculum of the Organic Law 3/2020 (LOMLOE). RESULTS: In the analysis of the three RD, ten general concepts were identified: accident prevention; protocol Protect, Alert, Assist (PAS); 1-1-2 protocol; recovery position (PLS); cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR); automated external or semi-automatic defibrillator (AED); foreign body airway obstruction (FBAO); FA; transportation of the injured; and stroke. Throughout all educational stages, in twenty-seven instances appeared content explicitly related to accident prevention or the learning of FA. CONCLUSIONS: The current curriculum provides FA content from the age of eight-nine (3rd year of Primary Education). By the end of compulsory education, all students should be able to identify cardiac arrest, alert emergency services, initiate resuscitation maneuvers, use the defibrillator, and know how to respond to choking incidents.


OBJECTIVE: La enseñanza de los primeros auxilios (PPAA) a escolares y jóvenes es una estrategia prioritaria en Salud Pública. El objetivo de este trabajo fue revisar y analizar la nueva legislación educativa en el marco curricular de PPAA, lo cual es necesario para ofrecer a los docentes y sanitarios una guía práctica que oriente la enseñanza para formar a primeros intervinientes en las diferentes etapas escolares. METHODS: Un grupo de cuatro expertos con experiencia curricular en los diferentes niveles educativos, así como en el campo de los PPAA, participaron en este análisis. La metodología consistió en un enfoque de análisis de consenso sobre el contenido de los Reales Decretos (RD) de Educación Primaria (RD 157/2022), Secundaria (RD 217/2022) y Bachillerato (RD 243/2022) que desarrollan curricularmente la Ley Orgánica 3/2020 (LOMLOE). RESULTS: En el análisis de los tres RD se encontraron diez conceptos generales: prevención de accidentes; protocolo Proteger, Alertar, Socorrer (PAS); protocolo 1-1-2; posición lateral de seguridad (PLS); reanimación cardiopulmonar (RCP); desfibrilador externo automático o semiautomático (DEA/DESA); obstrucción de vía aérea por cuerpo extraño (OVACE); PPAA; traslado de accidentados; e ictus. A lo largo de todas las etapas educativas fueron veintisiete las veces en que aparecían explícitamente contenidos vinculados con la prevención de accidentes o al aprendizaje de PPAA. CONCLUSIONS: El currículo actual dota de contenido en materia de PPAA desde los ocho-nueve años (3º de Educación Primaria). Al finalizar la Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria, todo el alumnado debería saber identificar la parada cardíaca, alertar a los servicios de emergencias, iniciar las maniobras de reanimación, usar el desfibrilador y saber actuar ante un atragantamiento.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Primeiros Socorros , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Escolaridade , Instituições Acadêmicas , Espanha
10.
Epilepsy Res ; 201: 107315, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364765

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Epilepsy is a debilitating disease that can lead to series of social and psychological issues, impairing the quality of life of people with epilepsy (PWE). This survey aimed to investigate the awareness, attitudes, and first-aid knowledge of epilepsy in university students METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Henan Province, China between January 1 and April 30, 2022. Students majored in education, medicine, science and engineering from 8 universities attended the study. The survey questionnaire comprised 28 questions covering 4 sections: demographic characteristics, awareness of epilepsy, attitudes toward PWE and knowledge of first aid for seizures. RESULTS: A total of 2376 university students completed the questionnaire. 94.7% heard of epilepsy. In the first aid knowledge section, individual question was correctly answered by at least 50% students, 9.3% students correctly answered all questions. Attitude toward PWE was independently (R2 =0.108, F=73.227, p < 0.001) associated with both awareness of epilepsy (B=0.411, p < 0.001) and first aid knowledge of epilepsy (B=0.047, p = 0.001). Among the three majors, medical students had more positive attitudes toward PWE than students majored in education, science and engineering (p < 0.05). However, medical students performed worse among the groups when answering the first aid knowledge questions. CONCLUSION: This survey showed that university students in Central China had a good awareness of epilepsy. For medical students, improvements are necessary for the awareness of the first aid knowledge for seizure.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Primeiros Socorros , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Universidades , Qualidade de Vida , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Epilepsia/terapia , Epilepsia/psicologia , Convulsões , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , China
11.
Public Health ; 228: 147-149, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38354584

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Misinformation is currently recognised by the World Health Organization as an apparent threat to public health. This study aimed to provide an outline of published evidence on misinformation related to the potentially life-saving interventions - first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). STUDY DESIGN: A scoping review. METHODS: The review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews. English-language publications describing original studies that evaluated the quality of publicly available information on first aid and/or CPR were included without limitations to the year of publication. RESULTS: Forty-four original studies published between 1982 and 2023 were reviewed. Annual number of publications varied from 0 to 6. The studies have focused on the evaluation of information concerning initial care of cardiac arrest, choking, heart attack, poisoning, burns, and other emergencies. Forty three studies (97.7 %) have reported varying frequencies of misinformation, when public sources, including websites, YouTube videos, and modern artificial intelligence-based chatbots, omitted life-saving instructions on first aid or CPR or contained incorrect information that contradicted relevant international guidelines. Eleven studies (25.0 %) have also revealed potentially harmful advice, which, if followed by an unsuspecting person, may cause direct injury or death of a victim. CONCLUSIONS: Misinformation concerning CPR and first aid cannot be ignored and demands close attention from relevant stakeholders to mitigate its harmful impacts. More studies are urgently needed to determine optimal methods for detecting and measuring misinformation, to understand mechanisms that drive its spread, and to develop effective measures to correct and prevent misinformation.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Parada Cardíaca , Humanos , Primeiros Socorros/efeitos adversos , Primeiros Socorros/métodos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Inteligência Artificial , Parada Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Parada Cardíaca/etiologia , Idioma
12.
Wilderness Environ Med ; 35(1): 57-66, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379485

RESUMO

Okinawa prefecture is a popular tourist destination due to its beaches and reefs. The reefs host a large variety of animals, including a number of venomous species. Because of the popularity of the reefs and marine activities, people are frequently in close contact with dangerous venomous species and, thus, are exposed to potential envenomation. Commonly encountered venomous animals throughout Okinawa include the invertebrate cone snail, sea urchin, crown-of-thorns starfish, blue-ringed octopus, box jellyfish, and fire coral. The vertebrates include the stonefish, lionfish, sea snake, and moray eel. Treatment for marine envenomation can involve first aid, hot water immersion, antivenom, supportive care, regional anesthesia, and pharmaceutical administration. Information on venomous animals, their toxins, and treatment should be well understood by prehospital care providers and physicians practicing in the prefecture.


Assuntos
Antozoários , Cubomedusas , Hydrophiidae , Animais , Antivenenos , Primeiros Socorros
13.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 70, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Substance use problems have a major impact on the physical and mental health of individuals, families and communities. Early intervention may have a positive effect on recovery and treatment outcomes for those with substance use problems, reducing related risk and harm. Separate mental health first aid guidelines on how a member of the public could assist someone experiencing or developing alcohol use and drug use problems in high income Western countries were developed using Delphi expert consensus in 2009 and 2011, respectively. This study aimed to synthesise and update these two original guidelines to reflect current evidence and best practice. METHODS: The Delphi expert consensus method was used to determine the inclusion of statements in the redeveloped guidelines. A questionnaire was developed using previously endorsed helping statements from the original guidelines on alcohol and drug use problems, as well as relevant content identified in systematic searches of academic and grey literature. Three panels of experts (people with lived experience, support people and professionals) rated statements over three consecutive online survey rounds to determine the importance of their inclusion in the guidelines. Statements endorsed by at least 80% of each panel were included. RESULTS: 103 panellists completed all three survey rounds. They rated 469 statements and endorsed 300 of these for inclusion in the redeveloped guidelines. CONCLUSIONS: This study has developed a broader and more comprehensive set of guidelines for how to support a person experiencing or developing a substance use problem. The redeveloped guidelines provide more detail on knowledge about and recognition of substance use problems, approaching and assisting people who want to change or are not ready to change, harm reduction, community-based supports and professional help, but have less on physical first aid actions. Mental Health First Aid International will use these guidelines in future updates of their training courses.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Humanos , Primeiros Socorros , Técnica Delfos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Consenso , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 113, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychotic symptoms may be less common than anxiety or affective symptoms, but they are still frequent and typically highly debilitating. Community members can have a role in helping to identify, offer initial help and facilitate access to mental health services of individuals experiencing psychosis. Mental health first aid guidelines for helping a person experiencing psychosis have been developed for the global north. This study aimed to adapt the English- language guidelines for Chile and Argentina. METHODS: A Delphi expert consensus study was conducted with two panels of experts, one of people with lived experience of psychosis (either their own or as a carer; n = 29) and another one of health professionals (n = 29). Overall, 249 survey items from the original English guidelines and 26 items suggested by the local team formed a total of 275 that were evaluated in the first round. Participants were invited to rate how essential or important those statements were for Chile and Argentina, and encouraged to suggest new statements if necessary. These were presented in a second round. Items with 80% of endorsement by both panels were included in the guidelines for Chile and Argentina. RESULTS: Data were obtained over two survey rounds. Consensus was achieved on 244 statements, including 26 statements locally generated for the second round. Almost 20% of the English statements were not endorsed (n = 50), showing the applicability of the original guidelines but also the importance of culturally adapting them. Attributions and tasks expected to be delivered by first aiders were shrunk in favour of a greater involvement of mental health professionals. Self-help strategies were mostly not endorsed and as were items relating to respecting the person's autonomy. CONCLUSIONS: While panellists agreed that first aiders should be aware of human rights principles, items based on recovery principles were only partially endorsed. Further research on the dissemination of these guidelines and development of a Mental Health First Aid training course for Chile and Argentina is still required.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Transtornos Psicóticos , Humanos , Primeiros Socorros , Chile , Argentina , Técnica Delfos , Transtornos Psicóticos/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Rev. esp. salud pública ; 98: e202402013, Feb. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231356

RESUMO

Fundamentos: la enseñanza de los primeros auxilios (ppaa) a escolares y jóvenes es una estrategia prioritaria en salud pública. El objetivo de este trabajo fue revisar y analizar la nueva legislación educativa en el marco curricular de ppaa, lo cual es necesario para ofrecer a los docentes y sanitarios una guía práctica que oriente la enseñanza para formar a primeros intervinientes en las diferentes etapas escolares. Métodos: un grupo de cuatro expertos con experiencia curricular en los diferentes niveles educativos, así como en el campo de los ppaa, participaron en este análisis. La metodología consistió en un enfoque de análisis de consenso sobre el contenido de los reales decretos (rd) de educación primaria (rd 157/2022), secundaria (rd 217/2022) y bachillerato (rd 243/2022) que desarrollan curricularmente la ley orgánica 3/2020 (lomloe). Resultados: en el análisis de los tres rd se encontraron diez conceptos generales: prevención de accidentes; protocolo proteger, alertar, socorrer (pas); protocolo 1-1-2; posición lateral de seguridad (pls); reanimación cardiopulmonar (rcp); desfibrilador externo automático o semiautomático (dea/desa); obstrucción de vía aérea por cuerpo extraño (ovace); ppaa; traslado de accidentados; e ictus. A lo largo de todas las etapas educativas fueron veintisiete las veces en que aparecían explícitamente contenidos vinculados con la prevención de accidentes o al aprendizaje de ppaa. Conclusiones: el currículo actual dota de contenido en materia de ppaa desde los ocho-nueve años (3º de educación primaria). Al finalizar la enseñanza secundaria obligatoria, todo el alumnado debería saber identificar la parada cardíaca, alertar a los servicios de emergencias, iniciar las maniobras de reanimación, usar el desfibrilador y saber actuar ante un atragantamiento.(AU)


Background: teaching first aid (fa) to children and young people is a priority strategy in public health. The aim of this paper was to review and analyze new educational legislation within the fa curriculum framework, which is necessary for providing teachers and healthcare professionals with a practical guide that guides teaching to train first responders in different school stages.methods: a group of four experts with curricular experience at different educational levels, as well as in the field of fa, partici-pated in this analysis. The methodology involved a consensus analysis approach on the content of the spanish royal decrees (rd) for primary education (rd 157/2022), secondary education (rd 217/2022), and baccalaureate (rd 243/2022) that develop the curriculum of the organic law 3/2020 (lomloe).results: in the analysis of the three rd, ten general concepts were identified: accident prevention; protocol protect, alert, assist (pas); 1-1-2 protocol; recovery position (pls); cardiopulmonary resuscitation (cpr); automated external or semi-automatic defibrillator (aed); foreign body airway obstruction (fbao); fa; transportation of the injured; and stroke. Throughout all educational stages, in twenty-seven instances appeared content explicitly related to accident prevention or the learning of fa.conclusions: the current curriculum provides fa content from the age of eight-nine (3rd year of primary education). By the end of compulsory education, all students should be able to identify cardiac arrest, alert emergency services, initiate resuscitation maneuvers, use the defibrillator, and know how to respond to choking incidents.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Serviços de Enfermagem Escolar , Primeiros Socorros/métodos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Currículo , Docentes/educação , Prevenção de Acidentes , Saúde Pública , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Desfibriladores , Protocolos Clínicos
17.
BMC Emerg Med ; 24(1): 2, 2024 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38185649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The risk of high-energy trauma injuries on construction sites is relatively high. A delayed response time could affect outcomes after severe injury. This study assessed if an advanced first aid course for first aid response for laypersons (employees or apprentices) in the construction industry or real-time video communication and support with ambulance personnel, or neither, together with access to an advanced medical kit, would have an effect on immediate layperson vital responses in a severe injury scenario. METHOD: This was a controlled simulation study. Employees or apprentices at a construction site were recruited and randomly allocated into a group with video support or not, and advanced first aid course or not, and where one group had both. The primary outcomes were correct behavior to recognize and manage an occluded airway and correct behavior to stop life-threatening bleeding from a lower extremity injury. Secondary outcomes included head-to-toe assessment performed, placement of a pelvic sling, and application of remote vital signs monitors. RESULTS: Ninety participants were included in 10 groups of 3 for each of 4 exposures. One group was tested first as a baseline group, and then later after having done the training course. Live video support was effective in controlling bleeding. A first aid course given beforehand did not seem to be as effective on controlling bleeding. Video support and the first aid course previously given improved the ability of bystanders to manage the airway, the combination of the two being no better than each of the interventions taken in isolation. Course exposure and video support together were not superior to the course by itself or video by itself, except regarding placing the biosensors on the injured after video support. Secondary results showed an association between video support and completing a head-to-toe assessment. Both interventions were associated with applying a pelvic sling. CONCLUSION: These findings show that laypersons, here construction industry employees, can be supported to achieve good performance as first responders in a major injury scenario. Prior training, but especially live video support without prior training, improves layperson performance in this setting.


Assuntos
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias , Socorristas , Humanos , Primeiros Socorros , Ambulâncias , Comunicação
18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38296232

RESUMO

Second-degree burn is the most common type of burns in clinical practice and hard to manage. At present, there is no unified standard or specification for the first aid, diagnosis, classification, manner of conservative dressing change, and choice of external dressings or medications for second-degree burn wounds, which significantly affects the formulation of clinical treatment plans and the consistency of clinical studies. The consensus writing group developed the Expert consensus on the treatment of second-degree burn wounds (2024 edition)Ⅰ: pre-hospital first aid and non-surgical treatment based on evidence-based medicine evidence and expert opinion. This expert consensus put forward 29 specific recommendations from 2 aspects: pre-hospital first aid and non-surgical treatment for second-degree burn wounds, aiming to form a standardized clinical treatment plan for second-degree burn wounds.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Primeiros Socorros , Humanos , Consenso , Queimaduras/diagnóstico , Bandagens , Hospitais
19.
Nurs Clin North Am ; 59(1): 49-61, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38272583

RESUMO

Spurred by a global pandemic, the incidence and prevalence of stress-related injury and illness continues to increase amid an overburdened nursing workforce that has remarkably and reliably performed on the frontlines of health care. Indicated mental illness prevention programs such as Stress First Aid for Healthcare Workers create an opportunity to target the acute and chronic expressions of stress experienced by nurses earlier through coordinated peer support with the goals of preserving life, preventing further harm, and promoting recovery. This article will describe how a Stress First Aid program was operationalized at a school of nursing at a private university.


Assuntos
Educação em Enfermagem , Transtornos Mentais , Humanos , Primeiros Socorros , Atenção à Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Transtornos Mentais/prevenção & controle
20.
J Appl Behav Anal ; 57(1): 104-116, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37881884

RESUMO

Unintentional injuries are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). First aid training involves teaching critical first aid skills, some of which are designed to treat unintentional injuries. To date, no study has (a) evaluated the effects of a video-prompting procedure to teach first aid skills to children with IDD or (b) attempted to teach these skills to children by using a telehealth delivery format. We used a concurrent multiple-baseline-across-skills design to evaluate the efficacy of a video-prompting procedure via telehealth to teach five children with IDD to perform first aid on themselves for insect stings, minor cuts, and minor burns under simulated conditions. For all participants, our procedure produced large improvements that maintained for a minimum of 4 weeks. Furthermore, the effects of the training generalized to novel confederates for all participants, and these effects maintained for a minimum of 4 weeks.


Assuntos
Educação de Pessoa com Deficiência Intelectual , Deficiência Intelectual , Telemedicina , Criança , Humanos , Primeiros Socorros , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Educação de Pessoa com Deficiência Intelectual/métodos
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