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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673742

RESUMO

This present study examined the effectiveness of the Psychological First Aid (PFA) e-orientation as well as face-to-face PFA orientation among the general population in Muntinlupa City, the Philippines. The e-orientation group consisted of 150 participants who received a two-hour PFA e-orientation (male: 47, female: 97, others: 6, mean age: 33.4 (SD = 12.1)), the face-to-face (F2F) group consisted of 139 participants who received a two-hour face-to-face PFA orientation (male: 41, female: 95, others: 3, mean age: 35.0 (SD = 13.8)), and the control group consisted of 117 participants who received a two-hour face-to-face health promotion orientation for obesity (male: 48, female: 65, others: 4, mean age: 34.2 (SD = 13.8)). In order to see the effect of these interventions, the confidence to provide PFAs was compared between the pre- and post-interventions in each group with paired t-tests. Further, the number of correct answers regarding the knowledge on PFA was also compared between the pre- and post-interventions utilizing a McNemar test. The results demonstrated that the mean scores on the confidence increased significantly in the e-orientation (pre: 25.1 (SD = 4.7), post: 26.1 (SD = 5.3), p = 0.02) and F2F (pre: 26.2 (SD = 6.0), post: 29.6 (SD = 6.9), p < 0.01) groups. Regarding knowledge on PFA, in the e-orientation group, the number of those who answered correctly increased significantly in a question (pre: 10, post: 24, p = 0.01), and there was a trend for improvement in another question (pre: 63, post: 76, p = 0.06). In the F2F group, the number of those who answered correctly increased significantly in two questions (pre: 21, post: 38, p < 0.01, and pre: 5, post: 14, p = 0.05), and there were trends for improvement in two questions (pre: 69, post: 82, p = 0.06, and pre: 17, post: 27, p = 0.09), while in the control group, there were no significant differences in any of the questions between pre- and post-intervention. The results suggest that both the PFA e-orientation and face-to-face orientation are effective for the general population in terms of increasing confidence and knowledge related to PFA.


Assuntos
Primeiros Socorros , Primeiros Socorros Psicológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Filipinas , Primeiros Socorros/métodos
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674060

RESUMO

Half to three-fourths of mental disorders appear during adolescence or young adulthood, and the treatment gap is mainly due to lack of knowledge, lack of perceived need, and the stigmatization of mental illness. The aims of this study were to implement and evaluate a Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) training program among undergraduates. Participants were second-year students from two universities in the French-speaking region of Switzerland (N = 107), who were randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 53) or control group (n = 54). The intervention group received a 12-h MHFA course. Online questionnaires were completed before the intervention (T0), and both 3 months (T1) and 12 months (T2) after the intervention in order to evaluate the participants' mental health knowledge, recognition of schizophrenia, and attitudes and behaviors towards mental illness. We used Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) to examine the effects of intervention over time. After the MHFA course, the intervention group showed significantly increased basic knowledge and confidence helping others with mental illness and reduced stigmatization at both T1 and T2 compared to their baseline scores and compared to control groups. This suggests that the MHFA training program is effective and has significant short-term and long-term impacts, in terms of enhancing basic knowledge about mental health and improving attitudes towards mental illness among undergraduate students.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Saúde Mental , Adolescente , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Primeiros Socorros , Suíça , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Estudantes
3.
BMJ Open ; 13(1): e066043, 2023 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a complex issue affecting Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Peoples in Australia. We evaluated the effects of an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Mental Health First Aid (AMHFA) training course on assisting an Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander person engaging in NSSI, including the effects on stigmatising attitudes, confidence in ability to assist, and intended and actual assisting actions. DESIGN: Uncontrolled trial with precourse and postcourse measurement (n=49) and 6-month follow-up (n=17). SETTING: Participants attended courses that were run in Queensland and Victorian communities and through one national organisation. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 49 adults who worked directly with Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Peoples. INTERVENTION: The 5-hour 'Talking About Non-Suicidal Self-Injury' course was delivered by accredited AMHFA instructors and teaches people how to support an Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander person who is engaging in NSSI. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The outcome measures were stigmatising attitudes, confidence in ability to assist, and intended and actual actions to assist a person engaging in NSSI. RESULTS: Improvements were observed in stigmatising attitudes, with significant changes from precourse in both the 'weak-not-sick' (postcourse p<0.0623; follow-up p=0.0058) and 'dangerous/unpredictable' (postcourse p<0.0001; follow-up p=0.0036) subscales. Participants' confidence in ability to assist increased significantly both postcourse (p<0.0001) and at follow-up (p<0.0001). Despite a high level of endorsement for the nine recommended assisting actions at precourse, significant improvements (p<0.05) were observed in endorsement for six and four of the assisting actions postcourse and at follow-up, respectively. Course content was rated as being somewhat (3.4%), mostly (13.8%) or very (82.7%) culturally appropriate by participants who identified as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this uncontrolled trial were encouraging, suggesting that the Talking About Non-Suicidal Self-Injury course was able to improve participants' attitudes, confidence and intended assisting actions.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Adulto , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Primeiros Socorros/métodos , Seguimentos , Havaiano Nativo ou Outro Ilhéu do Pacífico/psicologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/terapia
4.
BMC Psychiatry ; 23(1): 76, 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36707802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is a significant contributor to disability in Brazil, with most Brazilians affected by depression receiving no treatment. As the community, including family and friends, plays a crucial role in providing support for someone with depression, it is important that evidence-based resources are available to support people who wish to help. The aim of this study was to culturally adapt the English-language mental health first aid guidelines for assisting a person with depression for the Brazilian culture. METHODS: A Delphi expert consensus study was conducted, with two expert panels; health professionals (n = 29) and people with lived experience of depression (n = 28). One hundred and seventy-four statements from the English-language guidelines were translated into Brazilian Portuguese and administered as a survey. Participants were asked to rate statements based on how appropriate those statements were for the Brazilian culture and to suggest new statements if appropriate. RESULTS: Data were collected over two survey rounds. Consensus was achieved on 143 statements. A total of 133 statements were adopted from the English-language guidelines, whereas 10 new endorsed statements were generated from suggestions of the two expert panels. CONCLUSIONS: There were similarities between the English-language and Brazilian guidelines, mainly related to family involvement and the value of empathy. More research on dissemination and incorporation of the guidelines into the Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) training course for Brazil is required.


Assuntos
Depressão , Saúde Mental , Humanos , Brasil , Depressão/terapia , Primeiros Socorros , Técnica Delfos , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 838, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) training teaches participants how to respond to mental health crises, including suicide. Little is known about the impact of training on participants' observed MHFA behaviours. This exploratory study aimed to compare MHFA-trained Australian and US student pharmacists' performance and suicide assessment language during simulated patient role-play (SPRP) assessments. METHODS: Student pharmacists (n = 265) completed MHFA training and participated (n = 81) in SPRPs with simulated patients (SP) who were people with lived experience of mental illness. Each SPRP was marked by three raters (student, tutor and SP). One-way ANOVA, chi-squared tests and independent samples t-tests were used to compare scores and pass/fail rates, where appropriate. Transcribed audio-recordings of suicide assessments underwent discourse analysis. A chi-squared test was conducted to investigate the differences in how suicide assessment language was coded across six discursive frames ('confident'/'timid', 'empathetic'/'apathetic', and 'direct'/'indirect'). RESULTS: Three raters assessed 81 SPRPs, resulting in quantitative analysis of 243 rubrics. There were no significant differences between student pharmacists' mean scores and pass/fail rates across countries. Overall, both cohorts across Australia and the US performed better during the mania scenario, with a low failure rate of 13.9 and 19.0%, respectively. Most students in both countries passed their SPRP assessment; however, 27.8% did not assess for suicide or used indirect language during suicide assessment, despite completing MHFA training. Australian student pharmacists demonstrated, more direct language (76.9% versus 67.9%) and empathy (42.3% versus 32.1%) but less confidence (57.7% versus 60.7%) compared to US student pharmacists, during their suicide assessment; however, these differences were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate most MHFA-trained student pharmacists from Australia and the US can provide MHFA during SPRPs, as well as assess for suicide directly, empathetically and confidently. This exploratory study demonstrates the importance of practicing skills post-training and the need for further research exploring participants' hesitance to assess for suicide, despite training completion.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Suicídio , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Primeiros Socorros , Idioma , Austrália
6.
Toxins (Basel) ; 14(12)2022 11 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36548714

RESUMO

India suffers the highest incidence of snakebite envenomation (SBE) in the world. Rural communities within India and other countries have long-held cultural beliefs surrounding snakes and SBE treatments, with snake statues present in numerous Hindu temples. While most cultural beliefs are well respected and do not affect anyone, some people worship live venomous snakes without any safety precautions. Moreover, they practice various inappropriate first aid and traditional treatments that exacerbate SBE-induced complications. We report an unusual case of SBE on the tongue of a patient who was bitten while worshipping Russell's viper following the advice of an astrologer based on the appearance of a snake in the patient's dream. Following the bite, the tongue was deeply incised by the priest as a first aid to mitigate SBE-induced complications. The patient suffered profuse bleeding and swelling of the tongue resulting in difficulties in intubating them. The patient regained consciousness after antivenom administration, intranasal ventilation, and blood removal from the mouth. The tongue underwent extensive surgery to restore movement and function. This report advises caution to those undertaking the extremely risky practice of worshipping live snakes and emphasises the urgent need to develop and enforce policies to mitigate such actions and educate rural communities.


Assuntos
Víbora de Russell , Mordeduras de Serpentes , Animais , Primeiros Socorros , Mordeduras de Serpentes/complicações , Mordeduras de Serpentes/terapia , Mordeduras de Serpentes/epidemiologia , Antivenenos/uso terapêutico , Língua , Venenos de Víboras
7.
J Physician Assist Educ ; 33(4): 325-330, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36409243

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Physician assistant (PA) students are at increased risk for anxiety and depression compared with the general population. The demands of studying medicine can contribute to a decline in mental health, which may impede a student's ability to progress in his or her PA program. Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) is one strategy that can be used to increase mental health literacy, promote help-seeking behavior, reduce stigma, and improve confidence in providing help to individuals showing signs of a mental health disorder. The aim of this outcomes assessment was to assess PA students' satisfaction with the MHFA course and their posttraining confidence in using the skills learned. METHODS: Participants were PA students (N = 435) across 9 PA programs in their didactic year of training who had completed an MHFA course through the PA Foundation's Mental Health Outreach Fellowship. MHFA postcourse evaluations, completed by the PA students, were analyzed to determine PA students' satisfaction with the course and their posttraining confidence in using the skills learned to help both themselves as well as the general population. RESULTS: The mean of the MHFA course evaluation items corresponding to satisfaction with the course was 4.82 (maximum score of 5), and the mean of the items corresponding to posttraining confidence in using the skills learned was 4.74 (maximum score of 5). When asked, "Would you recommend this course to others?" 99.3% of the PA students trained in MHFA answered "yes," indicating a high level of satisfaction with the training they had received. DISCUSSION: PA students who received MHFA training from the PA Foundation's Mental Health Outreach fellows showed high levels of satisfaction with the MHFA course and posttraining confidence in using the skills learned.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Assistentes Médicos , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Primeiros Socorros , Saúde Mental , Assistentes Médicos/educação , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Estudantes
8.
Folia Neuropathol ; 60(3): 284-291, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36382480

RESUMO

To systematically evaluate the application effect of pre-hospital and in-hospital emergency mode in patients with acute stroke. The study was conducted by systematic search of Chinese (CNKI, Wanfang and VIP) and English (PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library) databases. The case-control studies comparing the role of pre-hospital and in-hospital emergency mode for patients with acute stroke were included in this study. Outcome indicators included the time from admission to thrombolytic therapy (DNT), the time from calling for help to receiving professional treatment, the first aid effect (effective rate, disability rate and mortality), complications and prognosis. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3. Seventeen studies were included in the final analysis. Compared with traditional emergency measures, pre-hospital and in-hospital emergency measures can significantly reduce DNT (mean difference [MD] = -22.63, p < 0.00001), time from call to professional treatment (MD: -13.22, p < 0.00001), disability rate (RR = 0.88, p = 0.004), fatality rate (RR = 0.58, p < 0.00001), central cerebral fever (RR = 0.44, p = 0.0009), and gastrointestinal bleeding (RR = 0.44, p = 0.002). In addition, daily living ability (MD = 16.56, p < 0.00001) and emergency response rate (RR = 1.50, p < 0.00001) were significantly improved. The pre-hospital and in-hospital emergency mode has a significant emergency effect in patients with acute stroke, which is a protective factor. This emergency mode can be widely used in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Primeiros Socorros , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Hospitais
9.
Epilepsy Behav ; 137(Pt A): 108976, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370544

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to inquire whether any seizure rescue medications are included in the in-flight medical emergency kits of the main airlines in the world. This data could help the airline authorities update their strategies in light of any shortcomings. METHODS: First, we identified ten major airlines in the world. Then, we searched the Google engine with the following keywords: "name of the airline" and "in-flight medical emergency" or "first aid kit" or "emergency kit". In case there was no information on the web, we emailed the airlines and inquired about the contents of their in-flight medical emergency kits. We also investigated some of the major aviation organizations' websites [i.e., Aerospace Medical Association (AsMA), International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), and International Air Transport Association (IATA)]. RESULTS: None of the major airlines were equipped with easily applicable seizure rescue medications (i.e., buccal midazolam, a nasal spray of midazolam, or intranasal diazepam). The AsMA and ICAO recommend including injectable sedative anticonvulsant drugs in the in-flight medical emergency kits without any further specifications. The IATA does not provide specific recommendations for including seizure rescue medications in the in-flight medical emergency kits. CONCLUSION: A seizure is a significant in-flight medical emergency event. The use of easily applicable seizure rescue medications during prolonged or repeated seizures is significantly associated with fewer sequelae for the affected person. Easily applicable seizure rescue medications should be included in the in-flight medical emergency kits, and the cabin crew should receive training on how and when to use them.


Assuntos
Medicina Aeroespacial , Humanos , Midazolam , Primeiros Socorros , Diazepam , Convulsões/tratamento farmacológico
10.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med ; 30(1): 56, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To be able to help and save lives, laypersons are recommended to undergo first aid trainings. The aim of this review was to explore the variety of the elements of the measuring systems to assess the effects of first aid trainings on different aspects of first aid skills including practical skills, knowledge, and emotional perspectives. METHODS: This systematic literature review used Scopus and PubMed databases and searched for studies published between January, 2000, and December, 2020. Out of 2,162 studies meeting the search criteria, 15 studies with quantitative and repeatable evaluation methods to assess first aid skills after first aid training for adults were included in the final analysis. RESULTS: Practical skills, especially on the ability to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and to use an automated external defibrillator, were the most studied first aid skills after first aid training. This evaluation was based on several standardized measurements and assessed often with the help of a combination of resuscitation manikin and observer. Evaluation methods of performance in other emergency situations are not well standardized. Questionnaires used to assess knowledge of first aid, though seemingly based on guidelines, were also not standardized, either. Emotional aspects of first aid (willingness or self-confidence) were evaluated by highly simplified questionnaires, and answers were graded by five-point Likert scale. CONCLUSION: According to our review, the focus of evaluation methods after first aid training has been on practical skills and especially on CPR. Though the evaluation of first-aid knowledge seems to be straightforward, it is not performed systematically. Evaluation methods for emotional aspects are highly simplified. Overall, standardized measurements and evaluation methods to assess all aspects of first aid skills are needed.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Primeiros Socorros , Adulto , Humanos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Desfibriladores , Manequins , Avaliação Educacional/métodos
11.
J Nippon Med Sch ; 89(5): 526-532, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Because choking quickly leads to cardiopulmonary arrest, it is crucial that bystanders remove foreign bodies effectively. Although oral instructions in video calls by dispatchers have improved the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, it is unclear whether video calls improve the quality of first aid for choking infants. Therefore, this simulation study aimed to determine whether video calls with dispatchers improve the quality of first aid for infants with foreign body airway obstruction (FBAO). METHODS: Seventy first-year college students randomly assigned in pairs to communicate by video or audio calls participated in simulated emergency calls for infants with FBAO. Both groups began with oral instruction in voice calls until the transition was made to video calls in the video group. The primary outcome was quality of first aid performance, which was categorized as excellent, acceptable, or poor on the basis of existing guidelines. RESULTS: There were 17 simulations in the video-call groups and 16 in the voice-call groups. After initial oral instruction, the proportion of rescuers that received an evaluation of excellent or acceptable did not differ significantly between the groups (video, 41% vs. voice, 50%; P=0.61); however, evaluations for seven rescuers improved after transitioning to video calls. Ultimately, the proportion receiving a poor evaluation was significantly lower in the video-call group than in the voice-call group (50% vs. 82%, P=0.049). CONCLUSION: Oral instruction communicated by video calls improved the quality of first aid for infants with FBAO.


Assuntos
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Corpos Estranhos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Humanos , Sistemas de Comunicação entre Serviços de Emergência , Primeiros Socorros , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/etiologia , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/terapia , Corpos Estranhos/terapia
13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(22)2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36433277

RESUMO

This paper was concerned with the current level of progress towards the development of chipless radio frequency identification (RFID) sensors that are capable of sensing strain and temperature. More specifically, it was interested in the possibility that the resulting devices could be used as a passive wireless structural health monitoring (SHM) sensor technology that could be printed in situ. This work contains the development and performance characterization results for both novel strain and novel temperature sensor designs with resulting sensitivities of 9.77 MHz/%ε and 0.88 MHz/°C, respectively. Furthermore, a detailed discussion on the interrogation system required to meet the relevant aerospace sensing requirements was also discussed, and several methods were explored to enhance the multi-sensor support capabilities of this technology.


Assuntos
Dispositivo de Identificação por Radiofrequência , Temperatura , Tecnologia sem Fio , Primeiros Socorros , Tecnologia
14.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 159(10): 475-482, noviembre 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-212251

RESUMO

Background and Objective: The impact of a physical training program on moderate–vigorous physical activity is still poorly known in primary cardiovascular prevention. Our objective was to determine the efficacy of a physical training program to promote moderate–vigorous physical activity and exercise in individuals at risk of suffering a cardiovascular event.Patients and methodsRandomized, parallel group controlled trial performed from October 2014 to July 2016. Sedentary patients at risk of suffering a cardiovascular event were randomized to the control group (CG) (72) or the intervention group (IG) (75). Intervention consisted of a 2-month physical training program. The main outcome was the proportion of patients achieving a “relevant response to Physical Activity” (increase≥240METs-min/week in moderate–vigorous Physical Activity using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)). Secondary outcomes included the proportion of patients performing an “adequate amount of exercise” (≥360METs-min/week in moderate–vigorous exercise using the IPAQ).ResultsOf the 147 patients randomized, 132 (90%) completed the follow-up. Adherence to exercise performance was 91% and no adverse effects were recorded. The proportion of patients in the IG versus CG achieving the main outcome was 34.9% vs 11.6%; OR [95%CI]: 4.2 [1.7–10.4]. Furthermore, more patients in the IG performed an adequate amount of exercise (33.3% vs. 11.6%; OR: 4.1 [1.6–10.5]).ConclusionA short-duration physical training program performed in the primary care setting is efficacious and safe in promoting moderate–vigorous physical activity and exercise in the short-term, in a population at risk of suffering a cardiovascular event. (AU)


Antecedentes y objetivo: El impacto de programas de entrenamiento en actividad física moderada-vigorosa es poco conocido en prevención primaria cardiovascular. Nuestro objetivo fue analizar la eficacia de un programa de entrenamiento en promover la actividad física moderada-vigorosa y la práctica de ejercicio, en pacientes con riesgo de eventos cardiovasculares.Pacientes y métodoEnsayo clínico aleatorizado, paralelo, con grupo control (octubre 2014 a julio 2016). Pacientes sedentarios con riesgo de eventos cardiovasculares se aleatorizaron a un grupo control (GC) (72) o un grupo intervención (GI) (75). La intervención consistió en un programa de entrenamiento de 2meses. La variable pronóstica principal fue la proporción de pacientes que alcanzaron una «respuesta relevante en actividad física» (aumento≥240MET-min/sem actividad física moderada-vigorosa en el Cuestionario Internacional de Actividad Física [International Physical Activity Questionnaire, IPAQ]). Las variables pronósticas secundarias incluyeron la proporción de pacientes que realizaban una «adecuada cantidad de ejercicio»(≥360MET-min/sem ejercicio moderado-vigoroso en el IPAQ).ResultadosDe los 147 pacientes aleatorizados, 132 (90%) completaron el seguimiento. La adherencia a las sesiones fue del 91% y no se registraron efectos adversos. La proporción de pacientes en GI versus GC que alcanzaron el objetivo principal fue del 34,9% vs el 11,6%; OR: 4,2; IC 95%: 1,7-10,4. Significativamente más pacientes en el GI realizaron una adecuada cantidad de ejercicio (33,3% vs 11,6%; OR: 4,1; IC 95%: 1,6-10,5).ConclusiónUn programa de entrenamiento de corta duración realizado en atención primaria es eficaz y seguro a corto plazo en la promoción de la actividad física moderada-vigorosa y del ejercicio en una población con riesgo de eventos cardiovasculares. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Exercício Físico , Primeiros Socorros , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Med Arch ; 76(3): 164-169, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36200120

RESUMO

Background: Annually, thousands of children died due to accidents worldwide and millions of children are referred to hospitals due to injuries caused by accidents resulting in lifelong disabilities. Objective: This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the mother's knowledge and attitude toward first aid among their children. Methods: Researcher used a self-administered online questionnaire included mothers' characteristics, knowledge and attitude towards first aid. The total number of mothers is 1000 from Saudi Arabia, Buraidah city. Results: Reveals that about two thirds (65.5%) and (69.8%) of studied mothers had incorrect knowledge about concept of first aid and component of first aid, respectively. Also, about two thirds (67.4%) of studied mothers had incorrect knowledge about first aid for burns. Meanwhile less than half (41.5% & 45%) had correct knowledge about first aid fracture bone and nose bleeding. Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study concluded that more than half of studied mothers had unsatisfactory level of knowledge, less than half of them had positive attitude related first aid. Also, there was high positive correlation between total knowledge and total attitude related first aid. Health educational program about first aid should be delivered regularly during routine schedules at primary health care units. Further intervention study done to assess effect of education program on mothers' knowledge and attitude. Creating awareness and including first aid courses in the curriculum need to be considered. Use of social media for first-aid education will likely improve mothers' awareness.


Assuntos
Primeiros Socorros , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Mães , Arábia Saudita
16.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 661, 2022 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36303139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traumatic events increase the risk of mental disorders. In a country with relatively under-developed mental health support systems, services to assist people who have experienced potentially traumatic events may be unavailable. In such situations, people in the community become key sources of support. However, they do not always have the knowledge and skills to offer effective help. This study reports on the cultural adaptation for Brazil of the English-language mental health first aid guidelines for helping someone who has experienced a potentially traumatic event. METHODS: A Delphi expert consensus study with two expert panels, one comprising health professionals with experience in the treatment of trauma (n = 33) and the other comprising people with lived experience, (n = 29) was conducted. A questionnaire containing 131 statements from the English language guidelines was translated into Brazilian Portuguese. Participants were asked to rate the importance of actions to be taken to help a person who has experienced a potentially traumatic event and to suggest new items where appropriate. RESULTS: Data were collected over two survey rounds. A total of 149 items were included in the final guidelines (110 items from the English-language guidelines and 39 new items created from expert panel comments, in the second round). Immediate action items were endorsed by both panels, while items related to encouraging victims were rejected by the professional panel. The suggested statements mostly related to providing psychological support and attending to the person's subjective experience rather than providing material or structural support. CONCLUSION: While there were many similarities with the English-language guidelines for high-income countries, the guidelines also incorporate actions of importance for Brazil, including the emphasis on the first aider's management of the person's subjective experiences. These guidelines may inform Mental Health First Aid training for Brazil and may also be used as standalone resources.


Assuntos
Primeiros Socorros , Saúde Mental , Humanos , Brasil , Técnica Delfos , Consenso , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Rev. esp. quimioter ; 35(Supl. 3): 97-101, Oct. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-210758

RESUMO

The Clostridioides difficile Infection (CDI) treatment guidelines were published in 2021; however, the incorporation of these recommendations into clinical practice was rather irregular and inconsistent. The differences in the implementation of these new guidelines were due, in part, to the variety in the different professionals who provided patient care, as well as to the issues involved in either their accessibility or availability or both. The main requirements for implementation include appropriate reflection on patient stratification, drug positioning, accessibility to drugs, as well as the organization of structured clinical pathways that can facilitate the functionality and evaluation of the management of CDI. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Clostridium/tratamento farmacológico , Sociedades Científicas , Objetivos , Primeiros Socorros
18.
Enferm. glob ; 21(68): 484-499, Oct. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-210015

RESUMO

Objetivo: Evaluar el grado de implantación de los atributos de la atención primaria de salud como indicador de la calidad de la atención prestada a las comunidades quilombolas del Estado de Rio Grande do Norte. Metodología: Estudio evaluativo realizado en las 33 comunidades quilombolas certificadas en el estado por la Fundación Cultural Palmares. Participaron 51 profesionales, médicos, enfermeros y técnicos de enfermería, que actúan en la atención primaria de salud a través del Evaluación de la Atención Primaria-versión Brasil. Se consideraron atributos esenciales, capacidad, desempeño y atributos derivados: accesibilidad, logitudinalidad, coordinación – sistemas de información, coordinación – integración asistencial, integralidad, orientación familiar y orientación comunitaria. El porcentaje de respuestas identificadas se distribuyó en cuatro clasificaciones: no implementado (de 0 a 25%); incipiente implantado (del 26% al 50%); parcialmente implantado (del 51% al 75%); completamente implementado (del 76% al 100%). Resultados: A partir de los análisis realizados, se constató que las acciones de APS en comunidades quilombolas de Rio Grande do Norte fueron clasificadas como totalmente implementadas (82,2%), considerando las dimensiones capacidad (77,92%) y desempeño (85,56%). Al observar los atributos derivados: longitudinalidad (92,94%), coordinación - sistemas de información (80,88%), integralidad - servicios disponibles (85,91%), orientación familiar (87,45%) y orientación comunitaria (92,16%), se observa que esas dimensiones también se implementaron completamente. Solo las dimensiones accesibilidad (74,51%) y coordinación – integración del cuidado (56,86%) fueron consideradas parcialmente implementadas. (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar o grau de implantação dos atributos da atenção primária à saúde como indicador da qualidade da assistência prestadas às comunidades quilombolas no Estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Metodologia: Estudo avaliativo realizado nas 33 comunidades quilombolas certificas no estado pela Fundação Cultural Palmares. Participaram 51 profissionais, médicos, enfermeiros e técnicos de enfermagem, que atuam na atenção primária à saúde por meio do instrumento de avaliação Primary Care Assessment-versão Brasil. Foram considerados os atributos essenciais, capacidade, desempenho, e os atributos derivados: acessibilidade, logitudinalidade, coordenação – sistemas de informações, coordenação – integração de cuidados, integralidade, orientação familiar e orientação comunitária. O percentual de respostas identificadas foi distribuído em quatro classificações: não implantado (de 0 a 25%); implantado incipiente (de 26% a 50%); parcialmente implantado (de 51% a 75%); totalmente implantado (de 76% a 100%). Resultados: A partir das análises realizadas, verificou-se que as ações da APS em comunidades quilombolas do Rio Grande do Norte, foram classificadas como totalmente implantadas (82,2%), considerado-se as dimensões capacidade (77,92%) e desempenho (85,56%). Ao observar os atributos derivados: longitudinalidade (92,94%), coordenação – sistemas de informações (80,88%), integralidade – serviços disponíveis (85,91%), orientação familiar (87,45%), e orientação comunitária (92,16%), nota-se que essas dimensões também foram totalmente implantadas. Apenas as dimensões acessibilidade (74,51%) e coordenação – integração dos cuidados (56,86%) foram consideradas como parcialmente implantadas. (AU)


Objective: To evaluate the degree of implementation of the attributes of primary health care as an indicator of the quality of care provided to quilombola communities in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. Methodology: This is an evaluative study carried out in 33 quilombola communities certified in the state by Palmares Cultural Foundation. Fifty-one professionals, physicians, nurses and nursing technicians, who work in primary health care, participated in the study using the Primary Care Assessment-Brazil version. The essential attributes, capacity, performance, and the derived attributes were considered: accessibility, logitudinality, coordination - information systems, coordination - care integration, integrality, family orientation and community orientation. The percentage of identified answers was distributed in four classifications: not implemented (from 0 to 25%); incipiently implemented (from 26% to 50%); partially implemented (from 51% to 75%); totally implemented (from 76% to 100%). Results: From the analysis, it was found that the PHC actions in quilombola communities in Rio Grande do Norte were classified as fully implemented (82.2%), considering the dimensions capacity (77.92%) and performance (85.56%). When observing the derived attributes: longitudinality (92.94%), coordination - information systems (80.88%), integrality - available services (85.91%), family orientation (87.45%), and community orientation (92.16%), it is noted that these dimensions were also fully implemented. Only the dimensions accessibility (74.51%) and coordination - integration of care (56.86%) were considered as partially implemented. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Primeiros Socorros , Escravização , Negros , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Seizure ; 102: 1-5, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the opinions and knowledge of the caregivers of people with epilepsy (PWE) and the related healthcare professionals (i.e., nurses and physicians) in Iran about first aid measures for helping a person experiencing a seizure. METHODS: In this exploratory and descriptive study, we surveyed the caregivers of all PWE admitted to the epilepsy monitoring unit at Namazi Hospital, Shiraz, Iran, in May 2022. We also surveyed all the nurses at this hospital. A similar survey was distributed in the WhatsApp groups of the neurology, pediatrics, internal medicine, family physician, psychiatry, and neurosurgery physicians working at places affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. RESULTS: In total, 583 nurses, 70 physicians, and 133 caregivers participated in this study. On most questions, more caregivers provided inappropriate responses than nurses and physicians (e.g., not timing the seizure; not loosening the clothes around the neck; not rolling the patient onto the side if unconscious). On two questions, more caregivers provided appropriate responses than nurses and physicians (i.e., not putting something into the mouth; not always calling for emergency medical services). CONCLUSION: While some actions may help prevent or reduce the chance of harmful consequences of epileptic seizures, many caregivers of PWE and healthcare professionals do not apply appropriate measures to help a patient experiencing a seizure. The scientific community should develop standardized seizure first aid training programs for the general public and healthcare professionals alike.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Primeiros Socorros , Humanos , Criança , Cuidadores , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Convulsões , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 4623869, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36131895

RESUMO

Background: With the prevalence of mental issues worldwide, more and more people are suffering from psychological torture. Mental Health Gap Action Program (mhGAP) has been introduced to improve the life quality of humans. Objectives: To explore and synthesize evidence of participants' experience of mental health first aid (MHFA) training course. Method: Peer-reviewed qualitative evidence was systematically reviewed and thematically synthesized. Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Psychological Information (PsycINFO), PubMed, Psych ARTICLES, Web of Science, Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI), and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) databases were searched for the inception of the present study. The study's quality was appraised using the Critical Appraisal Checklist for Qualitative Research of Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) appraisal tool. All the participants who have attended the MHFA training course (excluding instructors) setting were included. Results: Six papers published between 2005 and 2019 were included for thematic synthesis. The review indicated that MHFA had been a positive experience for participants. Conclusions: MHFA courses can provide participants with professional knowledge of mental health counseling and improve their knowledge, practice, and attitudes towards their patients. Professional MHFA training courses should therefore be popularized and promoted among other populations.


Assuntos
Primeiros Socorros , Saúde Mental , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
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