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1.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334726

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the main performance indicators of neurosurgical departments in surgical treatment of cerebral aneurysms in the Russian Federation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed 22 neurosurgical departments (19 regional and 3 federal hospitals) in 2017 and 2021. The study enrolled 6.135 patients including 3.160 ones in 2017 and 2.975 ones in 2021. We studied the features of surgical treatment of cerebral aneurysms in different volume hospitals and factors influencing postoperative outcomes. RESULTS: The number of surgeries for cerebral aneurysms decreased from 2.950 in 2017 to 2.711 in 2021. Postoperative mortality rate was 6.3% and 5.6%, respectively. The number of microsurgical interventions decreased from 60% in 2017 to 48% in 2021. The share of endovascular interventions increased from 40% to 52%, respectively. Endovascular embolization was accompanied by stenting in 55% of cases. Simultaneous revascularization was carried out in 2% of cases. In 2021, the number of patients undergoing surgery in acute period of hemorrhage increased to 70% (in 2017 - 61%). The number of hospitals performing more than 50 surgical interventions for cerebral aneurysms annually increased from 14 in 2017 to 17 in 2021. CONCLUSION: Certain changes in neurosurgical service occurred in 2021 compared to 2017. Lower number of surgical interventions for cerebral aneurysms, most likely caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, is accompanied by lower postoperative mortality. Endovascular interventions and revascularization techniques became more common. The number of surgeries in acute period after aneurysm rupture and hospitals performing more than 50 surgical interventions for cerebral aneurysms annually increased.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Roto , Embolização Terapêutica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Pandemias , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Aneurisma Roto/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3353, 2024 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336813

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of intra-arterial (IA) administration of low- dose tirofiban during endovascular therapy in patients with large ischemic core volumes on initial brain CT. Patients were divided into two groups based on the use of IA tirofiban. We identified 87 patients (16 and 71 patients in the tirofiban and no-tirofiban groups, respectively) with acute ischemic stroke due to intracranial artery occlusion who underwent endovascular therapy with a low Alberta Stroke Program Early CT scores (2-5). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed no association between IA tirofiban administration and serious postprocedural hemorrhagic complications (adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 0.720; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.099-5.219; p = 0.960), any radiologic hemorrhage (aOR 0.076; 95% CI 0.003-2.323; p = 0.139), or 3-month mortality (aOR, 0.087; 95% CI 0.005-1.501; p = 0.093). However, IA tirofiban was associated with a lower 90-day mRS score (aOR, 0.197; 95% CI 0.015-1.306; p = 0.017) and change of NIHSS compared with baseline (aOR, 0.698; 95% CI 0.531-0.917; p = 0.010). IA tirofiban administration during endovascular therapy in patients with large ischemic core volumes may be effective and safe.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Tirofibana , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , AVC Isquêmico/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos
3.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 20: 47-57, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374913

RESUMO

It has been documented that large-artery stiffness is independently associated with increased cardiovascular risk and may potentially lead to heart and kidney failure and cerebrovascular disease. A systematic review of studies investigating changes in arterial stiffness in patients undergoing endovascular repair of aortic disease was conducted. In addition, a review of the available literature was performed, analyzing findings from studies using the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) as a marker of arterial stiffness. Overall, 26 studies were included in the present analysis. Our research revealed a high heterogeneity of included studies regarding the techniques used to assess the aortic stiffness. Aortic stiffness was assessed by pulse wave velocity (PWV), elastic modulus (Ep), and augmentation index (AI). Currently a few studies exist investigating the role of CAVI in patients having an aortic aneurysm or undergoing endovascular aortic repair. The majority of studies showed that the treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) either with open repair (OR) or endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) reduces aortic compliance significantly. Whether EVAR reconstruction might contribute a higher effect on arterial stiffness compared to OR needs further focused research. An increase of arterial stiffness was uniformly observed in studies investigating patients following thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), and the effect was more pronounced in young patients. The effects of increased arterial stiffness after EVAR and TEVAR on the heart and the central hemodynamic, and an eventual effect on cardiac systolic function, need to be further investigated and evaluated in large studies and special groups of patients.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Rigidez Vascular , Humanos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
4.
Am J Case Rep ; 25: e942727, 2024 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Managing IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) in the context of vascular complications, such as aneurysms, poses significant challenges, particularly when considering surgical intervention options. The risk of rupture and infection in patients on long-term glucocorticoid therapy complicates treatment decisions. CASE REPORT A 63-year-old woman with a history of IgG4-RD presented with a ruptured right iliac artery aneurysm. She was on long-term oral glucocorticoid therapy. Initial emergency endovascular stent graft implantation was followed by embolization for suspected arterial bleeding and subsequent Salmonella bacteremia. Repeated hospitalizations involved stent graft removal and surgical repair due to persistent infection. Over 2 years, the patient required multiple pelvic drainages and long-term antibiotic and prednisolone therapy, yet her quality of life remained compromised. CONCLUSIONS Our case highlights the unique challenges and considerations in the treatment of IgG4-related aneurysms. Patients with IgG4-RD who are on long-term oral glucocorticoids have an inherent risk of aneurysm rupture. We believe regular follow-ups to monitor the progression of the aorta and iliac arteries into aneurysms are essential. For patients who have developed aneurysms, it is advisable to reduce the dosage of glucocorticoids or even consider surgical treatment as soon as possible. As for the choice of surgical method, there is no consensus yet. While endovascular treatment is less invasive and quicker, it can increase the risk of rupture and bleeding. Open surgery might be a better option. More data are needed to make a definitive judgment.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Roto , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma Ilíaco , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4 , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/etiologia , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/cirurgia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Aneurisma Ilíaco/complicações , Aneurisma Ilíaco/terapia , Aneurisma Roto/complicações , Aneurisma Roto/terapia , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos
5.
BMC Neurol ; 24(1): 65, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage suitable for endovascular coiling and neurosurgical clip-reconstruction, the aneurysm treatment decision-making process could be improved by considering heterogeneity of treatment effect and durability of treatment. We aimed to develop and validate a tool to predict individualized treatment benefit of endovascular coiling compared to neurosurgical clip-reconstruction. METHODS: We used randomized data (International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial, n = 2143) to develop models to predict 2-month functional outcome and to predict time-to-rebleed-or-retreatment. We modeled for heterogeneity of treatment effect by adding interaction terms of treatment with prespecified predictors and with baseline risk of the outcome. We predicted outcome with both treatments and calculated absolute treatment benefit. We described the patient characteristics of patients with ≥ 5% point difference in the predicted probability of favorable functional outcome (modified Rankin Score 0-2) and of no rebleed or retreatment within 10 years. Model performance was expressed with the c-statistic and calibration plots. We performed bootstrapping and leave-one-cluster-out cross-validation and pooled cluster-specific c-statistics with random effects meta-analysis. RESULTS: The pooled c-statistics were 0.72 (95% CI: 0.69-0.75) for the prediction of 2-month favorable functional outcome and 0.67 (95% CI: 0.63-0.71) for prediction of no rebleed or retreatment within 10 years. We found no significant interaction between predictors and treatment. The average predicted benefit in favorable functional outcome was 6% (95% CI: 3-10%) in favor of coiling, but 11% (95% CI: 9-13%) for no rebleed or retreatment in favor of clip-reconstruction. 134 patients (6%), young and in favorable clinical condition, had negligible functional outcome benefit of coiling but had a ≥ 5% point benefit of clip-reconstruction in terms of durability of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: We show that young patients in favorable clinical condition and without extensive vasospasm have a negligible benefit in functional outcome of endovascular coiling - compared to neurosurgical clip-reconstruction - while at the same time having a substantially lower probability of retreatment or rebleeding from neurosurgical clip-reconstruction - compared to endovascular coiling. The SHARP prediction tool ( https://sharpmodels.shinyapps.io/sharpmodels/ ) could support and incentivize a multidisciplinary discussion about aneurysm treatment decision-making by providing individualized treatment benefit estimates.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Roto , Embolização Terapêutica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Humanos , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/cirurgia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/complicações , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Aneurisma Roto/complicações , Aneurisma Roto/cirurgia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(7): e36813, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363911

RESUMO

There is no consensus on the optimal treatment for non-acute symptomatic intracranial vertebral artery occlusion, and endovascular recanalization is a challenging procedure. We report our clinical experience of endovascular recanalization in patients with non-acute symptomatic intracranial vertebral artery occlusion to assess the feasibility and safety of endovascular recanalization and determine the candidate patients for this procedure. Ninety-two patients with non-acute symptomatic intracranial vertebral artery occlusion who underwent endovascular recanalization from January 2019 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. we grouped all patients according to imaging examination findings, occlusion length, duration, nature, calcification, and angulation to evaluate the risk of endovascular recanalization. The overall success rate of endovascular recanalization was 83.7% (77/92), and the perioperative complication rate was 10.9% (10/92). Among the 3 classification groups, the recanalization success rate gradually decreased from the low-risk group to the high-risk group (low-risk: 100%, medium-risk: 93.3%, high-risk group: 27.8%, P = .047), while the overall perioperative complication rate showed the opposite trend (0%, 10.0%, 38.9%, respectively, P = .001); the proportion of patients with 90-day modified Rankin Scale scores of 0-2 decreased successively (100%, 83.3%, and 22.2%, respectively, P < .026); 77 patients with successful recanalization were followed; the rate of restenosis/reocclusion increased sequentially (0%, 17.9%, and 80%, respectively, P = .000). Patients in the low- and medium-risk groups showed a good clinical course after endovascular recanalization. Among 88 patients (four patients lost to follow-up), with a median clinical follow-up of 13 months (interquartile range », 7-16), the rate of stroke or death after 30 days was 17.4% (16/92). Endovascular recanalization is safe and feasible for low- and medium-risk patients with non-acute symptomatic intracranial vertebral artery occlusion; it is also an alternative to conservative therapy for the patients.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Vertebral/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/complicações , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2899, 2024 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316811

RESUMO

Lower extremity open revascularization is a treatment option for peripheral artery disease that carries significant peri-operative risks; however, outcome prediction tools remain limited. Using machine learning (ML), we developed automated algorithms that predict 30-day outcomes following lower extremity open revascularization. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program targeted vascular database was used to identify patients who underwent lower extremity open revascularization for chronic atherosclerotic disease between 2011 and 2021. Input features included 37 pre-operative demographic/clinical variables. The primary outcome was 30-day major adverse limb event (MALE; composite of untreated loss of patency, major reintervention, or major amputation) or death. Our data were split into training (70%) and test (30%) sets. Using tenfold cross-validation, we trained 6 ML models. Overall, 24,309 patients were included. The primary outcome of 30-day MALE or death occurred in 2349 (9.3%) patients. Our best performing prediction model was XGBoost, achieving an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (95% CI) of 0.93 (0.92-0.94). The calibration plot showed good agreement between predicted and observed event probabilities with a Brier score of 0.08. Our ML algorithm has potential for important utility in guiding risk mitigation strategies for patients being considered for lower extremity open revascularization to improve outcomes.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Doença Arterial Periférica , Humanos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Salvamento de Membro , Resultado do Tratamento , Fatores de Risco , Isquemia/etiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Doença Arterial Periférica/etiologia , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Aprendizado de Máquina , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2945, 2024 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316891

RESUMO

The identification of large vessel occlusion with underlying intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAS-LVO) before endovascular treatment (EVT) continues to be a challenge. We aimed to analyze baseline clinical-radiological features associated with ICAS-LVO that could lead to a prompt identification. We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study of consecutive patients with stroke treated with EVT from January 2020 to April 2022. We included anterior LVO involving intracranial internal carotid artery and middle cerebral artery. We analyzed baseline clinical and radiological variables associated with ICAS-LVO and evaluated the diagnostic value of a multivariate logistic regression model to identify ICAS-LVO before EVT. ICAS-LVO was defined as presence of angiographic residual stenosis or a trend to re-occlusion during EVT procedure. A total of 338 patients were included in the study. Of them, 28 patients (8.3%) presented with ICAS-LVO. After adjusting for confounders, absence of atrial fibrillation (OR 9.33, 95% CI 1.11-78.42; p = 0.040), lower hypoperfusion intensity ratio (HIR [Tmax > 10 s/Tmax > 6 s ratio], (OR 0.69, 95% CI 0.50-0.95; p = 0.025), symptomatic intracranial artery calcification (IAC, OR .15, 95% CI 1.64-26.42, p = 0.006), a more proximal occlusion (ICA, MCA-M1: OR 4.00, 95% CI 1.23-13.03; p = 0.021), and smoking (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.08-7.90; p = 0.035) were associated with ICAS-LVO. The clinico-radiological model showed an overall well capability to identify ICAS-LVO (AUC = 0.88, 95% CI 0.83-0.94; p < 0.001). In conclusion, a combination of clinical and radiological features available before EVT can help to identify an ICAS-LVO. This approach could be useful to perform a rapid assessment of underlying etiology and suggest specific pathophysiology-based measures. Prospective studies are needed to validate these findings in other populations.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Transversais , Artéria Carótida Interna , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/etiologia
9.
Port J Card Thorac Vasc Surg ; 30(4): 39-50, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345883

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Endovascular Aortic Repair (EVAR) has become the standard management of Unruptured Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (UIAAA); however, current evidence is limited and uncertain in our environment compared to Open repair. Our study aimed to determine the survival, short and long-term outcomes of EVAR vs. Open in a Peruvian cohort of UIAAA. METHODS: A single-center observational, analytical, longitudinal study using a retrospective registry of 251 patients treated (EVAR=205 vs Open=46) for UIAAA from 2000 to 2017. Variables considered were baseline, comorbidities, type of treatment, short-term (<30 days) and long-term (<5 years) outcomes, postoperative mortality according to the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) Risk Score, survival curves including reoperation-free rate and according to size (<65 mm vs. >65 mm) of long-term UIAAA. All variables were grouped according to the treatment performed (EVAR vs. Open) and we used the descriptive, multivariate, Cox regression, and Kaplan-Meier survival statistical analyses. RESULTS: 251 UIAAA were evaluated and the mean age was 74.5 years [±13.32], smoking, family members with UIAAA, and previous abdominal surgery were the main antecedents. Diabetes mellitus 2 was the main comorbidity; more than 50% of patients with UIAAA had diameters greater than 65 mm (p=0.021). The calculated mortality (VQI) was Open=2.21% vs. EVAR=1.65%. The outcomes in short-term were mortality (Open=2.92% vs. EVAR=0%; p=0.039), blood transfusion >4 Units (Open=72.68% vs. EVAR=17.39%; p=0.021) and overall hospital stay (Open=14 vs. EVAR=5 days; p=0.049. A reduction in mortality (HR 0.76, 95% CI, 0.62-0.96, p=0.045) and readmission for aneurysmal rupture was identified for EVAR (HR 0.81, 95% CI, 0.79-0.85, p=0.031). In long-term outcomes, mortality (Open=3.41% vs. EVAR=19.56%; p=0.047), aneurysmal rupture (Open=0% vs. EVAR 13.04%; p=0.032) and reinterventions (Open=2.43% vs. EVAR=10.86%; p=0.002). An 86% risk of mortality (HR 1.86, 95% CI, 1.32-2.38, p=0.039) and elevated risk of readmission for aneurysmal rupture was identified for EVAR (HR 2.21, 95% CI, 1.98-2.45, p=0.028). At 5 years, survival for Open=93.67% vs. EVAR=80.44% (p=0.043), reintervention-free survival for Open=89.26% vs. EVAR=47.82% (p=0.021), survival for treated IUAAA <65 mm for Open=95.77% vs. EVAR=63.63% (p=0.019) and >65 mm for Open=92.53% vs. EVAR=85.71% (p=0.059). CONCLUSION: EVAR has shown better short-term benefits and survival than Open management; however, the latter still prevails in the long term in our Peruvian UIAAA cohort. Further follow-up studies are required to demonstrate the long-term benefit of EVAR in our population.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Idoso , Humanos , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 99, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study endeavors to examine the feasibility of predicting the clinical outcomes of patients suffering from peripheral artery disease (PAD) who undergo endovascular intervention, by employing the Syngo iFlow technology. METHODS: Retrospectively enrolling 76 patients from December 2021 to May 2023, yielding a total of 77 affected limbs, this study employs clinical outcomes (improvement or otherwise) as the gold standard. Two physicians conducted visual assessments on both DSA and iFlow images to gauge patient improvement and assessed inter-observer consistency for each image modality. The Time to Peak (TTP) of regions of interest (ROI) at the femoral head, knee joint, and ankle joint was measured. Differences in pre- and post-procedure TTP were juxtaposed, and statistically significant parameter cutoff values were identified via ROC analysis. Employing these cutoffs for TTP classification, multivariate logistic regression and the C-statistic were utilized to assess the predictive value of distinct parameters for clinical success. RESULTS: Endovascular procedure exhibited technical and clinical success rates of 82.58 and 75.32%, respectively. Diagnostic performance of iFlow image visual assessment surpassed that of DSA images. Inter-observer agreement for iFlow and DSA image evaluations was equivalent (κ = 0.48 vs 0.50). Post-classification using cutoff values, multivariate logistic regression demonstrated the statistical significance of ankle joint TTP in post-procedure iFlow images of the endovascular procedure for clinical success evaluation (OR 7.21; 95% CI 1.68, 35.21; P = 0.010), with a C-statistic of 0.612. CONCLUSION: Syngo iFlow color-encoded imagery holds practical value in assessing the technical success of post-endovascular procedures, offering comprehensive lower limb arterial perfusion visualization. Its quantifiable parameters exhibit promising potential for prognosticating clinical success.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Doença Arterial Periférica , Humanos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Hemodinâmica , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 100, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dolichoectasia is a rare arterial condition characterized by the dilatation, tortuosity, and elongation of cerebral blood vessels. The vertebrobasilar artery and internal carotid artery are the common sites of dolichoectasia. However, dolichoectasia of the branch arteries, such as the ophthalmic artery (OA), is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of ophthalmic dolichoectasia that was successfully treated with endovascular internal coil trapping. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old female patient presented with transient left ophthalmalgia and visual disturbance. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a dilated and elongated left OA compressing the optic nerve at the entrance of the optic canal. However, a previous image that was taken 17 years back revealed that the OA was normal, which suggested the change in dolichoectasia was acquired. Cerebral angiography showed that the dilated and tortuous OA was running from the ophthalmic segment of the left internal carotid artery into the orbit. The symptoms could have been attributed to the direct compression of the dolichoectatic OA in the optic canal. A sufficient anastomosis between the central retinal artery and the middle meningeal artery was identified on external carotid angiography with balloon occlusion of the internal carotid artery. Endovascular treatment with internal trapping of the OA was performed due to ophthalmic symptom progression. Internal coil trapping of the OA was performed at the short segment between the OA bifurcation and the entrance of the optic canal. As expected, the central retinal artery was supplied via the middle meningeal artery after the treatment. The transient visual disturbance was immediately resolved. Ophthalmalgia worsened temporarily after the treatment. However, it completely resolved after several days of oral corticosteroid therapy. Postoperative angiography showed that the origin of the OA was occluded and that the OA in the optic canal was shrunk. The flow of the central retinal arteries via the middle meningeal artery was preserved. CONCLUSIONS: OA dolichoectasia is rare, and its pathogenesis and long-term visual prognosis are still unknown. However, endovascular therapy can improve symptom by releasing the pressure site in the optic canal.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Artéria Oftálmica , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Oftálmica/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Oftálmica/cirurgia , Artéria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Carótida Interna/cirurgia , Angiografia Cerebral , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Dilatação Patológica
13.
Trials ; 25(1): 118, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a significant public health issue worldwide and is associated with low survival rates and poor neurological outcomes. The generation of optimal coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) via high-quality chest compressions is a key factor in enhancing survival rates. However, it is often challenging to provide adequate CPP in real-world cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) scenarios. Based on animal studies and human trials on improving CPP in patients with nontraumatic OHCA, resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a promising technique in these cases. This study aims to investigate the benefits of REBOA adjunct to CPR compared with conventional CPR for the clinical management of nontraumatic OHCA. METHODS: This is a parallel-group, randomized, controlled, multinational trial that will be conducted at two urban academic tertiary hospitals in Korea and Taiwan. Patients aged 20-80 years presenting with witnessed OHCA will be enrolled in this study. Eligible participants must fulfill the inclusion criteria, and written informed consent should be collected from their legal representatives. Patients will be randomly assigned to the intervention (REBOA-CPR) or control (conventional CPR) group. The intervention group will receive REBOA and standard advanced cardiovascular life support (ACLS). Meanwhile, the control group will receive ACLS based on the 2020 American Heart Association guidelines. The primary outcome is the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). The secondary outcomes include sustained ROSC, survival to admission, survival to discharge, neurological outcome, and hemodynamic changes. DISCUSSION: Our upcoming trial can provide essential evidence regarding the efficacy of REBOA, a mechanical method for enhancing CPP, in OHCA resuscitation. Our study aims to determine whether REBOA can improve treatment strategies for patients with nontraumatic OHCA based on clinical outcomes, thereby potentially providing valuable insights and guiding further advancements in this critical public health area. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT06031623. Registered on September 9, 2023.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Animais , Humanos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Aorta , Hemodinâmica , Oclusão com Balão/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos
14.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 56, 2024 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aortic involvement in patients with Behcet's disease (BD) is rare, but it is one of the most severe manifestations. Open surgical repair of aortic aneurysm is challenging considering the high risk of postoperative recurrent anastomotic pseudoaneurysms and is associated with a much higher mortality rate. Recently, endovascular treatment has proven to be a feasible, less invasive alternative to surgery for these patients. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a total endovascular repair of a paravisceral abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm in a 25-year-old male patient with BD. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully excluded, and the blood supply of visceral arteries was preserved with a physician-modified three-fenestration endograft under 3D image fusion guidance. Immunosuppressive therapy was continued for 1 year postoperatively. At 18 months, the patient was asymptomatic without abdominal pain. Computed tomography angiography demonstrated the absence of pseudoaneurysm recurrence, good patency of visceral vessels. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular repair using physician-modified fenestrated endografts is a relatively safe and effective approach for treating paravisceral aortic pseudoaneurysm in BD patients. This technique enables the preservation of the visceral arteries and prevents aneurysm recurrence at the proximal and distal landing zones, which are common complications of open surgical repair in these patients. Furthermore, we emphasize the importance of adequate immunosuppressive therapy before and after surgical repair in BD patients, which is a major risk factor for recurrence and poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Síndrome de Behçet , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Falso Aneurisma/complicações , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/complicações , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Síndrome de Behçet/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 70, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) is an extremely rare and highly fatal complication leading to a high risk of morbidity and mortality. Successful management of AEF after esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma has rarely been reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we present a rare case of a 44-year-old female with complications of AEF after esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma, mainly presented as vomiting of blood. Both computed tomographic and computed tomography angiography of the chest showed bilateral pleural effusion and atelectasis, while gastroscopy showed large gastrointestinal bleeding. Emergency surgery was performed that included the removal of the mediastinal abscess, left lower pulmonary wedge resection, and thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), followed by supportive treatment. The surgery went successful, and the patient was followed up for 1 year after discharge and showed good recovery. We also reviewed previous literature on the history, causes, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of AEF after esophagectomy for esophageal adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: In our case, thoracotomy combined with TEVAR was effective in treating AEF after esophagectomy for esophageal adenocarcinoma. This case provides successful experiences for clinical diagnosis and treatment of AEF after esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Doenças da Aorta , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Carcinoma , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Fístula Esofágica , Fístula Vascular , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Correção Endovascular de Aneurisma , Fístula Vascular/etiologia , Fístula Vascular/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/complicações , Fístula Esofágica/etiologia , Fístula Esofágica/cirurgia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/complicações , Carcinoma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos
16.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0297800, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330071

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usability of a recently developed extracorporeally-perfused cadaver model for training the angiographic management of acute arterial diseases and periprocedural complications that may occur during endovascular therapy of the lower extremity arterial runoff. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Continuous extracorporeal perfusion was established in three fresh-frozen body donors via inguinal and infragenicular access. Using digital subtraction angiography for guidance, both arterial embolization (e.g., embolization using coils, vascular plugs, particles, and liquid embolic agents) and endovascular recanalization procedures (e.g., manual aspiration or balloon-assisted embolectomy) as well as various embolism protection devices were tested. Furthermore, the management of complications during percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, such as vessel dissection and rupture, were exercised by implantation of endovascular dissection repair system or covered stents. Interventions were performed by two board-certified interventional radiologists and one resident with only limited angiographic experience. RESULTS: Stable extracorporeal perfusion was successfully established on both thighs of all three body donors. Digital subtraction angiography could be performed reliably and resulted in realistic artery depiction. The model allowed for repeatable training of endovascular recanalization and arterial embolization procedures with typical tactile feedback in a controlled environment. Furthermore, the handling of more complex angiographic devices could be exercised. Whereas procedural success was be ascertained for most endovascular interventions, thrombectomies procedures were not feasible in some cases due to the lack of inherent coagulation. CONCLUSION: The presented perfusion model is suitable for practicing time-critical endovascular interventions in the lower extremity runoff under realistic but controlled conditions.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Doenças Vasculares , Humanos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Artérias , Angioplastia/métodos , Stents , Cadáver , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4051, 2024 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374192

RESUMO

The study aimed to provide physician modified fenestration (PMF) on a single-branched stent for the aortic arch (Castor) to protect the isolated left vertebral artery (ILVA) during thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Patients who underwent TEVAR involving ILVA reconstruction through PMF performing on the Castor branched stent were included in a retrospective, multi-centre study from June 2018 to December 2022. In these patients, all proximal landing zones of "Castor" were positioned in Ishimaru zone 2a. A total of twenty-five patients met the inclusion criteria and the achievement rate showed 25/25 (100%) success in them. The twenty-five patients had a median follow-up length of 28.5 ± 14.6 months. One patient (4.0%) suffered from postoperative ischemic stroke before discharge. One patient (4.0%) died from a hemodialysis-related brain hemorrhage before discharge on the 29th day after the procedure. One patient died of advanced liver cancer in the 33th month after discharge. Aortic rupture, stroke or spinal cord injury did not occur throughout the follow-up period after discharge. Two patients (8.0%) experienced endoleak at the fenestration, however, resulting in only one's necessity for reintervention. Notably, the procedure effectively maintained ILVAs patency for all patients during follow up. According to our preliminary findings, performing a TEVAR under local anaesthesia using PMF on a Castor branched stent for ILVA preservation appeared practical, secure, and effective.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Humanos , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular , Artéria Vertebral/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Stents , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia
18.
Vascular ; 32(1): 32-41, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Popliteal artery aneurysms (PAA) were traditionally treated by open repair (OR). Endovascular repair (ER) has become a new treatment strategy. The aim of this systemic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate and compare the current outcomes of OR and ER in the emergency treatment of PAA. METHODS: A systematic literature search of the PubMed/Medline database was carried out. Outcomes were 30-day mortality, morbidity, major amputation rate (30 days), major amputation rate (1 year), 1-year primary patency rate, 1-year secondary patency rate and 1-year survival. Additionally, we included clinical data of patients with popliteal aneurysms treated between 2009 and 2021 at the Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg. RESULTS: We identified two cohort studies from 2014 and 2015 with a total of 199 patients that underwent emergent surgery (39 ER and 160 OR). We also included 26 patients from our institution. For emergency treatment, 30-day major amputation rates (18% vs 3%, Odds Ratio 5.82, 95% CI [1.75; 19.30], p = .004), 30-day mortality rates (10% vs 1%, Odds Ratio 5.57, 95% CI [1.01; 30.58], p = .05), 1-year major amputation rates (15% vs 6% Odds Ratio 3.61, 95% CI [1.18; 11.09], p = .02), 1-year loss of primary patency (54% vs 23%, Odds Ratio 3.19, 95% CI [0.91; 11.20], p = .07), and 1-year loss of secondary patency (44% vs 12%, Odds Ratio 6.91, 95% CI [3.01; 15.83], p < .05) were higher in the ER group when compared to the OR group. CONCLUSION: Endovascular repair represents an alternative approach for the emergency treatment of PAA. Limited evidence from the available non-randomized studies shows unfavorable outcomes for patients undergoing ER. However, the results are prone to selection bias, and only randomized trials comparing ER to OR might reveal whether a subgroup of patients would benefit from ER as primary treatment of PAA in an emergency setting.


Assuntos
Aneurisma , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma da Artéria Poplítea , Humanos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Salvamento de Membro , Resultado do Tratamento , Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma/cirurgia , Aneurisma/etiologia , Tratamento de Emergência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco
20.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2646, 2024 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302567

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury is a common complication of trauma and hemorrhagic shock. In a porcine model of hemorrhagic shock, resuscitative endovascular balloon aortic occlusion (REBOA) and hemodilution, we hypothesized that invasive kidney oxygen concentration measurements would correlate more strongly with noninvasive near infra-red spectroscopy (NIRS) oxygen saturation measurements when cutaneous sensors were placed over the kidney under ultrasound guidance compared to placement over the thigh muscle and subcutaneous tissue. Eight anesthetized swine underwent hemorrhagic shock 4 of which were resuscitated with intravenous fluids prior to the return of shed blood (Hemodilution protocol) and 4 of which underwent REBOA prior to resuscitation and return of shed blood (REBOA protocol). There was a moderate correlation between the NIRS and kidney tissue oxygen measurements (r = 0.61 p < 0.001; r = 0.67 p < 0.001; r = 0.66 p < 0.001for left kidney, right kidney, and thigh NIRS respectively). When the animals were separated by protocol, the Hemodilution group showed a weak or nonsignificant correlation between NIRS and kidney tissue oxygen measurements (r = 0.10 p < 0.001; r = 0.01 p = 0.1007; r = 0.28 p < 0.001 for left kidney, right kidney, and thigh NIRS respectively). This contrasts with the REBOA group, where left and right kidney as well as thigh NIRS were moderately correlated with kidney tissue oxygen (r = 0.71 p < 0.001; r = 0.74 p < 0.001; r = 0.70 p < 0.001; for left kidney, right kidney, and thigh NIRS respectively). There was a strong correlation between both kidney NIRS signals and thigh NIRS measurements (r = 0.85 p < 0.001; r = 0.88 p < 0.001;for left kidney vs thigh and right kidney vs thigh respectively). There was also a strong correlation between left and right kidney NIRS (r = 0.90 p < 0.001). These relationships were maintained regardless of the resuscitation protocol. These results suggest that kidney NIRS measurements were more closely related to thigh NIRS measurements than invasive kidney tissue oxygen concentration.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Choque Hemorrágico , Suínos , Animais , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Hemodiluição , Oxigênio , Ressuscitação/métodos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Modelos Animais de Doenças
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