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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22292, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019404

RESUMO

This study aims to assess the survival status of patients with Primary gallbladder cancer (PGC) and analyze the prognosis factors to facilitate the exploration of the prevention and therapeutic strategies of PGC.Data from 2433 PGC patients collected from 2010 to 2015 were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. The SEER*Stat, SPSS 23.0 and GraphPad Prism 8 were used for statistical analyses. Kaplan Meier analysis was performed for the survival curve, log-rank test analyses were used to compare the survival rate difference and Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the prognosis factors.A total of 2433 PGC cases were reported from 2010 to 2015. The median age was 64.2 ±â€Š10.4 years old and the percentages of the white patients were 73.7% (1794/2433). The percentage of patients who received surgery treatment was 82.1% (1998/2433). The overall median survival time of all patients was 19 months and the 5-year survival rate was 28.8%. The 5-year survival rate of PGC patients in pN2 stage dropped to 0% and the 5-year survival rate for PGC patients with distant metastasis was only 2.7%. Age, tumor size, grade, pT stage, pM stage were risk factors for prognosis, surgery or not and radiation or not were protective factors for prognosis.Survival analysis of PGC patients based on the SEER database have provided an opportunity for understanding PGC prognosis and the basis for the exploration of viable PGC prevention and therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Idoso , Feminino , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/terapia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Gradação de Tumores , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Programa de SEER , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Carga Tumoral
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22118, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031259

RESUMO

It is controversial regarding the treatment allocation for patients with stage I hepatocellular carcinoma (SI-HCC). The aim of the present study was to compare the long-term survival in SI-HCC patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT), liver resection (LR), local tumor destruction (LTD), or none. SI-HCC patients diagnosed between 2004 and 2015 were extracted from the SEER 18 registry database. Multivariable Cox models and propensity score matching (PSM) method were used to explore the association between surgical methods and long-term prognosis. A total of 5165 patients with stage I (AJCC, 6th or 7th) HCC were included in the study. Only 36.9% of patients diagnosed with HCC in stage I received surgical therapy. The incidence of LT was decreased over time (P < .001). In the multivariable-adjusted cohort (n = 5165), after adjusting potential confounding factors, a clear prognostic advantage of LT was observed in OS (P < .0001) compared with patients after LR. Patients undergoing LTD had a worse OS in comparison with patients who underwent LR (P < .0001). Patients who received no surgical treatment had the worst OS (P < .0001) among 4 treatment groups. In stratified analyses, the salutary effects of LT vs LR on OS were consistent across all subgroups except for a similar result in the noncirrhotic subgroup (P = .4414). The inferior survival effects of LTD vs LR on OS were consistent across all subgroups, and even in the subgroup with tumor size < 3 cm (P = .0342). In the PSM cohort, patients in LT group showed a better OS (P < .001) than patients in LR group (P < .0001) and patients undergoing LTD had a worse OS compared with patients who underwent LR (P = .00059). In conclusion, LT offered a survival advantage compared with LR among patients with Stage I HCC. LT is the best surgical treatment for stage I HCC in patients with advanced fibrosis, whereas LR provides comparable long-term outcomes to LT in patients without advanced fibrosis and should be considered as the first-line surgical option. LTD can be used as an alternative method when LR and LT are unavailable.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Feminino , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Transplante de Fígado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Programa de SEER , Análise de Sobrevida
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22366, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031272

RESUMO

To investigate the prognoses associated with different locations of medulloblastoma (MB) in terms of survival through a case-control study and evaluate the prognostic factors for MB.The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was used to identify MB patients diagnosed from 1975 to 2016. Each brainstem MB (bMB) patient was matched to a cerebellum MB (cMB) patient by propensity score matching based on age, sex, tumor size, extent of metastasis, extent of surgical resection, radiotherapy status and chemotherapy status. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to assess the effect of prognostic factors on overall survival. Ethical approval was not necessary as this study is based on a public database.A total of 172 bMB patients and 1417 cMB patients were included in the study. A total of 144 pairs of patients were matched to constitute the matched cohort. Within the matched cohort, the median survival times were 213 months and 96 months for cMB and bMB, respectively. Within the unmatched cohort, the median survival times were 111 months and 97 months for cMB and bMB, respectively. Brainstem location detrimentally affected the survival time of MB patients in both the matched cohort (hazard ratios =8.14, 95% confidence interval =5.98-11.08) and the unmatched cohort (hazard ratios =1.44, 95% confidence interval =1.20-1.74). Age <5 years and receipt of radiotherapy were favorable prognostic factors, whereas gross total resection, brainstem location and receipt of chemotherapy were unfavorable prognostic factors. Radiotherapy alone was associated with superior outcomes concerning adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy.This study uncovers a survival advantage for cMB patients versus bMB patients. Additionally, prognostic factors include age, extent of surgical resection, and receipt of radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Radiotherapy after surgery and rational use of chemotherapy drugs are crucial for treatment of MB patients. Further studies of these prognostic factors are required to improve the survival time.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/mortalidade , Meduloblastoma/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias Cerebelares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cerebelares/terapia , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Meduloblastoma/terapia , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Programa de SEER , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21802, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899008

RESUMO

Bone is a frequent site for the occurrence of metastasis of thyroid cancer (TC). TC with bone metastasis (TCBM) is associated with skeletal-related events (SREs), with poor prognosis and low overall survival (OS). Therefore, it is necessary to develop a predictive nomogram for prognostic evaluation. This study aimed to construct an effective nomogram for predicting the OS and cancer-specific survival (CSS) of TC patients with BM. Those TC patients with newly diagnosed BM were retrospectively examined over a period of 6 years from 2010 to 2016 using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. Demographics and clinicopathological data were collected for further analysis. Patients were randomly allocated into training and validation cohorts with a ratio of ∼7:3. OS and CSS were retrieved as research endpoints. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed for identifying independent predictors. Overall, 242 patients were enrolled in this study. Age, histologic grade, histological subtype, tumor size, radiotherapy, liver metastatic status, and lung metastatic status were determined as the independent prognostic factors for predicting the OS and CSS in TCBM patients. Based on the results, visual nomograms were separately developed and validated for predicting 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS and CSS in TCBM patients on the ground of above results. The calibration, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and decision curve analysis (DCA) also demonstrated the reliability and accuracy of the clinical prediction model. Our predictive model is expected to be a personalized and easily applicable tool for evaluating the prognosis of TCBM patients, and may contribute toward making an accurate judgment in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Nomogramas , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Programa de SEER/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22089, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925749

RESUMO

Several indexes evaluating the lymph node metastasis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET) have been raised. We aimed to compare the prognostic value of the indexes via the analysis of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database.We identified pNETs patients from SEER database (2004-2015). The prognostic value of N classification which adopted the 8th American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) N classification for well differentiated pNET, revised N classification (rN) which adopted the AJCC 8th N classification for exocrine pancreatic cancer (EPC) and high grade pNET, lymph node ratio and log odds of positive nodes were analyzed.A total of 1791 eligible patients in the SEER cohort were included in this study. The indexes N, rN, lymph node ratio, and log odds of positive nodes were all significant independent prognostic factors for the overall survival. Specifically, the rN had the lowest akaike information criterion of 4050.19, the highest likelihood ratio test (χ) of 48.87, and the highest C-index of 0.6094. The rN was significantly associated with age, tumor location, tumor differentiation, T classification and M classification (P < .05 for all).The 8th version of AJCC N classification for high grade pNET could be generalized for the pNET population.


Assuntos
Tumores Neuroendócrinos/mortalidade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/secundário , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Razão de Chances , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Programa de SEER , Taxa de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21798, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872080

RESUMO

This study is to establish the nomogram model and provide clinical therapy decision-making for extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) patients with different metastatic sites using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program.A total of 10,025 patients of ES-SCLC with metastasis from January 2010 to December 2016 were enrolled from the SEER database. All samples were randomly divided into a derivation cohort and a validation cohort, and the derivation cohort was divided into 6 groups by different metastatic sites: bone, liver, lung, brain, multiple organs, and other organs. Using Cox proportional hazards models to analyze candidate prognostic factors, screening out the independent prognostic factors to establish the nomogram. Compare the different models by Net reclassification improvement and integrated discrimination improvement. Concordance index (C-index) and the calibration curve were used to verify the prediction efficiency of the nomogram in the derivation cohort and validation cohort.In the derivation cohort, the median overall survival was 7 months. The overall survival rates at 6-month, 1-year, and 2-year were 55.07%, 24.61%, and 7.56%, respectively. The median survival time was 10, 8, 7, 9, 7, and 6 months for the 6 groups of different metastatic sites: other, bone, liver, lung, brain, and multiple organs, respectively. Age, sex, race, T, N, distant metastatic site, and chemotherapy were contained in the final nomogram prognostic model. The C-index was 0.6569777 in the derivation cohort and 0.8386301 in the validation cohort.The survival time of ES-SCLC patients with different metastatic sites was significantly different. The nomogram can effectively predict the prognosis of individuals and provide a basis for clinical decision-making.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Nomogramas , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programa de SEER , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/diagnóstico , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21085, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871979

RESUMO

The lymph nodal invasion diagnosis is critical for therapeutic-decision and follows up in gastric cancer. However, the number of nodes to be examined for nodal invasion diagnosis is still under controversy, and the model for quantifying risk of missing positive node is currently not reported yet. We analyzed the nodal invasion status of 13,857 gastric cancer samples with records of primary tumor stage, the number of examined and positive lymph nodes in the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) database, fitting a beta-binomial model. The nodes need to be examined with different primary tumor stage were determined based on the model. Overall, examining 11 lymph nodes reduces the probability of missing positive nodes to <10%, and the currently median nodes dissected is adequate (12 nodes). While the number of nodes demands to be dissected for T1, T2, T3, and T4 subgroups are 6, 19, 40, and 66, respectively. The currently implemented median value for these samples was 12, 12, 13, and 16, separately. It implies that the number of nodes to be examined is sufficient for early gastric cancer (T1), but it is inadequate for middle and advanced gastric cancer (T2-T3). The clinical significance of nodal staging score was validated with survival information. In summary, we first quantified the lymph nodes to be examined during surgery using a beta-binomial model, and validated with survival information.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Reações Falso-Negativas , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Estatísticos , Probabilidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Programa de SEER , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Análise de Sobrevida
8.
Am J Clin Oncol ; 43(9): 607-614, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889829

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aim to develop and validate an effective nomogram prognostic model for patients with typical lung carcinoid tumors using a large patient cohort from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from patients with typical lung carcinoid tumors between 2010 and 2015 were selected from the SEER database for retrospective analysis. Univariate and multivariate Cox analysis was performed to clarify independent prognostic factors. Next, a nomogram was formulated to predict the probability of 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS). Concordance indexes (c-index), receiver operating characteristic analysis and calibration curves were used to evaluate the model. RESULTS: The selected patients were randomly divided into a training and a validation cohort. A nomogram was established based on the training cohort. Cox analysis results indicated that age, sex, T stage, N stage, surgery, and bone metastasis were independent variables for OS. All these factors, except surgery, were included in the nomogram model for predicting 3- and 5-year OS. The internally and externally validated c-indexes were 0.787 and 0.817, respectively. For the 3-year survival prediction, receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the areas under the curve in the training and validation cohorts were 0.824 and 0.795, respectively. For the 5-year survival prediction, the area under the curve in the training and validation cohorts were 0.812 and 0.787, respectively. The calibration plots for probability of survival were in good agreement. CONCLUSION: The nomogram brings us closer to personalized medicine and the maximization of predictive accuracy in the prediction of OS in patients with typical lung carcinoid tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Tumor Carcinoide/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Nomogramas , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Tumor Carcinoide/secundário , Feminino , Previsões/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Probabilidade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Programa de SEER , Fatores Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22191, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957347

RESUMO

To investigate the role of previous cancer on overall survival in patients with bladder cancer (BCa) and to establish an effective prognostic tool for individualized overall survival prediction.A total of 78,660 patients diagnosed with BCa between 2000 and 2013 were selected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, among which 8915 patients had a history of other cancers. We compared the overall survival between patients with and without previous cancer after propensity score matching and we further established a nomogram for overall survival prediction.Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were used to determine independent prognostic factors. The calibration curve and concordance index (C-index) were used to assess the accuracy of the nomogram. Cox proportional hazards models and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to compare survival outcomes.BCa patients with previous cancer had worse overall survival compared with those without previous cancer (HR = 1.37; 95%CI = 1.32-1.42, P < .001). Cancers in lung prior to BCa had the most adverse impact on overall survival (HR = 2.35; 95%CI = 2.10-2.63; P < .001), and the minimal impact was located in prostate (HR = 1.16; 95%CI = 1.10-1.22; P < .001) for male and in gynecological (HR = 1.15; 95%CI = 1.02-1.30; P = .027) for female. The shorter interval time between 2 cancers and the higher stage of the previous cancer development, the higher risk of death. Age, race, sex, marital status, surgery, radiation, grade, stage, type of previous cancer as the independent prognostic factors were selected into the nomogram. The favorable calibration curve and C-index value (0.784, 95%CI = 0.782-0.786) indicated the nomogram could accurately predict the 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rate of BCa patients.Previous cancer has a negative impact on the overall survival of BCa patients and requires more effective clinical management. The nomogram provides accurate survival prediction for BCa patients and might be helpful for clinical treatment selection and follow-up strategy adjustment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição/mortalidade , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Programa de SEER
10.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0231807, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is increasingly common as a second primary malignancy. However, the clinical characteristics of second primary non-small cell lung cancer after cervical cancer (CC-NSCLC) compared with first primary non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC1) is unknown. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) cancer registry between 1998 and 2010 was used to conduct a large population-based cohort analysis. The demographic and clinical characteristics, as well as prognostic data, were systematically analyzed. The overall survival (OS) in the two cohorts was further compared. The risk factors of second primary lung cancer in patients with cervical cancer were also analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 557 patients (3.52%) developed second primary lung cancer after cervical cancer, and 451 were eligible for inclusion in the final analyses. Compared with NSCLC1, patients with CC-NSCLC had a higher rate of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (36.59% vs 19.07%, P < 0.01). The median OS was longer for CC-NSCLC than for NSCLC1 before propensity score matching (PSM) (16 months vs. 13 months) but with no significant difference after PSM (16 months vs. 17 months). The high-risk factors for the development of cervical cancer to CC-NSCLC include age 50-79 years, black race [odds ratio (OR) 1.417; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.095-1.834; P < 0.05], and history of radiotherapy (OR 1.392; 95% CI 1.053-1.841; P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Age 50-79 years, black race, and history of radiotherapy were independent risk factors for second primary lung cancer in patients with cervical cancer. Patients with CC-NSCLC had distinctive clinical characteristics and better prognosis compared with patients with NSCLC1.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Fatores de Risco , Programa de SEER , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/complicações
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e20703, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791664

RESUMO

Few models regarding to the individualized prognosis assessment of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) patients were documented. The purpose of this study was to establish nomogram model to predict the long-term overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) of OPSCC patients. The detailed clinical data for the 10,980 OPSCC patients were collected from the surveillance, epidemiology and end results (SEER) database. Furthermore, we applied a popular and reasonable random split-sample method to divide the total 10,980 patients into 2 groups, including 9881 (90%) patients in the modeling cohort and 1099 (10%) patients in the external validation cohort. Among the modeling cohort, 3084 (31.2%) patients were deceased at the last follow-up date. Of those patients, 2188 (22.1%) patients died due to OPSCC. In addition, 896 (9.1%) patients died due to other causes. The median follow-up period was 45 months (1-119 months). We developed 2 nomograms to predict 5- and 8- year OS and CSS using Cox Proportional Hazards model. The nomograms' accuracy was evaluated through the concordance index (C-index) and calibration curves by internal and external validation. The C-indexes of internal validation on the 5- and 8-year OS and CSS were 0.742 and 0.765, respectively. Moreover, the C-indexes of external validation were 0.740 and 0.759, accordingly. Based on a retrospective cohort from the SEER database, we succeeded in constructing 2 nomograms to predict long-term OS and CSS for OPSCC patients, which provides reference for surgeons to develop a treatment plan and individual prognostic evaluations.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Nomogramas , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Programa de SEER , Análise de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
N Engl J Med ; 383(7): 640-649, 2020 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32786189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is made up of distinct subtypes, including non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Although overall mortality from lung cancer has been declining in the United States, little is known about mortality trends according to cancer subtype at the population level because death certificates do not record subtype information. METHODS: Using data from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) areas, we assessed lung-cancer mortality and linked deaths from lung cancer to incident cases in SEER cancer registries. This allowed us to evaluate population-level mortality trends attributed to specific subtypes (incidence-based mortality). We also evaluated lung-cancer incidence and survival according to cancer subtype, sex, and calendar year. Joinpoint software was used to assess changes in incidence and trends in incidence-based mortality. RESULTS: Mortality from NSCLC decreased even faster than the incidence of this subtype, and this decrease was associated with a substantial improvement in survival over time that corresponded to the timing of approval of targeted therapy. Among men, incidence-based mortality from NSCLC decreased 6.3% annually from 2013 through 2016, whereas the incidence decreased 3.1% annually from 2008 through 2016. Corresponding lung cancer-specific survival improved from 26% among men with NSCLC that was diagnosed in 2001 to 35% among those in whom it was diagnosed in 2014. This improvement in survival was found across all races and ethnic groups. Similar patterns were found among women with NSCLC. In contrast, mortality from SCLC declined almost entirely as a result of declining incidence, with no improvement in survival. This result correlates with limited treatment advances for SCLC in the time frame we examined. CONCLUSIONS: Population-level mortality from NSCLC in the United States fell sharply from 2013 to 2016, and survival after diagnosis improved substantially. Our analysis suggests that a reduction in incidence along with treatment advances - particularly approvals for and use of targeted therapies - is likely to explain the reduction in mortality observed during this period.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , Programa de SEER , Fatores Sexuais , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e20963, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of study was to develop and validate nomograms for predicting overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) of patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) and compare the predictive accuracy with the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system. METHODS: Data of 4959 PMP patients who underwent surgical resection were collected between 2004 and 2015 from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. All included patients were divided into training (n = 3307) and validation (n = 1652) cohorts. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard model were applied. Nomograms were validated by discrimination and calibration. Finally, concordance index (C-index) was used to compare the predictive performance of nomograms with that of the AJCC staging system. RESULTS: According to the univariate and multivariate analyses of training sets, both nomograms for predicting OS and CSS combining age, grade, location, N stage, M stage, and chemotherapy were identified. Nomograms predicting OS also incorporated T stage and the number of lymph nodes removed (LNR). The calibration curves showed good consistency between predicted and actual observed survival. Moreover, C-index values demonstrated that the nomograms predicting both OS and CSS were superior to the AJCC staging system in both cohorts. CONCLUSION: We successfully developed and validated prognostic nomograms for predicting OS and CSS in PMP patients. Two nomograms were more accurate and applicable than the AJCC staging system for predicting patient survival, which may help clinicians stratify patients into different risk groups, tailor individualized treatment, and accurately predict patient survival in PMP.


Assuntos
Nomogramas , Neoplasias Peritoneais/diagnóstico , Pseudomixoma Peritoneal/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/mortalidade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Pseudomixoma Peritoneal/mortalidade , Pseudomixoma Peritoneal/cirurgia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Programa de SEER , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21322, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756116

RESUMO

A competing-risks model was developed in this study to identify the significant prognostic factors and evaluate the cumulative incidence of cause-specific death in gallbladder adenocarcinoma (GBAC), with the aim of providing guidance on effective clinical treatments.All patients with GBAC in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database during 1973 to 2015 were identified. The potential prognostic factors were identified using competing-risks analyses implemented using the R and SAS statistical software packages. We calculated the cumulative incidence function (CIF) for cause-specific death and death from other causes at each time point. The Fine-Gray proportional-subdistribution-hazards model was then applied in univariate and multivariate analyses to test the differences in CIF between different groups and identify independent prognostic factors.This study included 3836 eligible patients who had been enrolled from 2004 to 2015 in the SEER database. The univariate analysis indicated that age, race, AJCC stage, RS, tumor size, SEER historic stage, grade, surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and adjuvant therapy (RCT, SRT, SCT and SRCT) were significant factors affecting the probability of death due to GBAC. The multivariate analysis indicated that age, race, AJCC stage, RS status, tumor size, grade and SRT were independent prognostic factors affecting GBAC cancer-specific death. A nomogram model was constructed based on multivariate models for death related to GBAC.We have constructed the first competing-risks nomogram for GBAC. The model was found to perform well. This novel validated prognostic model may facilitate the choosing of beneficial treatment strategies and help when predicting survival.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/mortalidade , Nomogramas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Programa de SEER/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Am Surg ; 86(5): 499-507, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32684032

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the prognostic value of primary tumor and specific metastases excision on survival among patients with stage IV colorectal cancer (CRC) in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. METHODS: Patients with stage IV CRC were selected using SEER database between 2010 and 2013. Survival rate was calculated according to the Kaplan-Meier method, and differences between curves were tested by the log-rank test. Cox proportional hazards model was used in the multivariable analysis. RESULTS: Included in this study were 27 878 patients with distant metastatic CRC. Among the single organ site of metastatic CRC, patients with solitary metastasis of lung showed the highest median overall survival (OS). Both primary and metastatic sites surgical resection for patients with liver, lung, and simultaneous liver and lung metastases had better median OS. Age younger than 65 years, Asian and Pacific Islander, distal colon and rectum, and palliative primary tumor and metastatic lesions resection were associated with better OS after multivariate analysis. Palliative primary tumor and metastatic lesions resection had a significant survival benefit compared with nonsurgical group in selected patients. CONCLUSION: These findings support the use of preemptive surgery in the management of highly selected metastatic CRC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Metastasectomia , Idoso , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Programa de SEER , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
Prostate ; 80(13): 1128-1133, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659024

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate contemporary population-based patterns of the relative burden of prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) attributable to each N0M0 prostate cancer risk-group, that may guide prioritization in research, trial design, and clinical practice. METHODS: We categorized 2004-2015 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database patients by risk group (low, favorable intermediate, unfavorable intermediate, high, and very highrisk). Using the Fine-Gray method, we calculated the relative burden of 10-year PCSM attributable to each risk group. RESULTS: Among N = 337 162 men (6.8-year median follow-up; median age 65 years), the relative proportion of low-, favorable intermediate-, unfavorable intermediate-, high-, and very high-risk diagnoses were 29.9% (N = 100 969), 31.1% (N = 104 696), 17.9% (N = 60 360), 18.1% (N = 61 023), and 3.0% (N = 10 114). Within 10 years of diagnosis, among patients who died of prostate cancer (N = 15 064), 5.0% (N = 746) had low-risk, 13.7% (N = 2060) had favorable intermediate-risk, 16.1% (N = 2429) had unfavorable intermediate-risk, 47.8% (N = 7196) had high-risk, and 17.5% (N = 2633) had very high-risk disease at diagnosis. Patients aged 65 and older accounted for 51.9% of all diagnoses and 72.3% of 10-year PCSM. Although black patients accounted for 15.0% of low-risk diagnoses, they accounted for 20.6% of 10-year PCSM. White patients accounted for 80.3% of low-risk diagnoses and 75.7% of 10-year PCSM. CONCLUSION: Although high-risk and very high-risk disease account for one-fifth of diagnoses, they account for two-thirds of 10-year PCSM. Older patients and black patients with low-risk disease accounted for a disproportionately large proportion of deaths. These findings support targeting research toward high-risk disease and ensuring adequate representation of older and black men in clinical trials.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Risco , Programa de SEER , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
17.
Public Health ; 185: 130-138, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Health insurance availability and affordability are vital elements in diagnosis and treatment of patients with cancer and thus constitute clinical significance as well. Although past studies have explored the disparity in mortality figures for patients with different insurance statuses, this population-based study is pioneering in analyzing the changes in cancer mortality risks over time amid macroeconomic shifts. STUDY DESIGN: The study uses Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) data of 424,889 non-elderly patients with breast, cervical, ovarian, and uterine cancer diagnosed during 2007-2010 and 2011-2015. METHODS: In addition to discussing incidence figures and insurance patterns, the study uses Kaplan-Meier and Cox's proportional hazard models to examine the changes in survival probability and mortality risks for insurance-stratified patients with female-specific cancer across the two time periods. RESULTS: Patients without insurance have an increased risk of mortality over time relative to insured patients. Moreover, uninsured patients face this heightened risk more than Medicaid patients. DISCUSSION: Despite public policy measures as well as advancements in diagnostic facilities and treatment technology, the increased relative mortality of patients without insurance limits the long-term affordability of cancer treatment for economically vulnerable patients in comparison with insured patients.


Assuntos
Cobertura do Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Cobertura do Seguro/economia , Seguro Saúde/economia , Medicaid/economia , Pessoas sem Cobertura de Seguro de Saúde , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/economia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco , Programa de SEER , Estados Unidos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias Uterinas/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(11): 3049-3061, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32601815

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The incidence of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) has continued to increase, but for pNETs, there is still no distinction between treatments based on anatomical location. We aim to determine whether NETs located at the head and body/tail of the pancreas are different. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Within the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (2004-2016), we focused on pNETs patients with comprehensive information. The patients were divided into two groups based on tumors' location. We compared the characteristics of the two groups and assessed the risk factors for lymphatic metastasis. Survival analysis was performed based on the biological characteristics of the tumor. RESULTS: In all 3011 patients, pNETs were more common in the body/tail (62.94%) than in the head (37.06%) of the pancreas. The risk factors for lymph node metastasis in the two groups were different. Nonmetastatic, low-grade pancreatic body/tail NETs had the best prognosis (p < 0.001). For low-grade tumors (G1-G2), lymphatic metastasis did not significantly affect the prognosis of patients with pancreatic head NETs (p = 0.098) but affected the overall survival of patients with pancreatic body/tail NETs (p < 0.001). The tumors at the pancreatic head were larger (p = 0.001), more likely to have positive lymph nodes (p < 0.001) and more prone to locally advanced and distant invasion (p < 0.001). The prognosis of pancreatic head NETs 21-40 mm was worse than that of body/tail pNETs (p < 0.001). For non-functional NETs, the overall survival of pancreatic body/tail tumors was better (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The pancreatic head and pancreatic body/tail NETs have different biological characteristics and clinical outcomes and they should be treated differently.


Assuntos
Metástase Linfática/patologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Programa de SEER , Análise de Sobrevida
19.
Ann Epidemiol ; 46: 14-19, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32532368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer remains a major cause of death worldwide. While in the past it was considered to primarily afflict males, in recent decades the number of female patients has risen, such that rates among females are similar to those among males. Nevertheless, it has been found previously (e.g., in cardiovascular disease) that when there is a sex-specific stereotype to a disease, it may remain entrenched in medical diagnostic processes, so as to cause belated diagnosis among the other sex. Gender-based differences in incidence and diagnosis are likely to exist with respect to lung cancer because of smoking habits and stereotypes, geographic and socioeconomic differences, and past epidemiologic differences between the sexes. Here we aim to characterize the effects of gender on lung cancer diagnosis and whether such effects have changed over time. METHODS: The SEER (Statistics, Epidemiology, and End Results) database was used to check for sex-based differences by tumor type and stage at diagnosis and to investigate whether these patterns have changed with time by comparing staging data in different age cohorts over time. Results were stratified by location and analyzed with data regarding possible confounders such as smoking and socioeconomic factors. RESULTS: We examined 458,132 cases of lung cancer from the years 2004-2012; 243,021 (53%) in males and 215,111 (47%) in females. Lung cancer rates were 73.8 (73.5-74.1) per 100k in males and 51.6 (51.4-51.8) per 100k in females. Of these, 400,800 had the stage listed, 214,479 (54%) in males, and 186,321 (46%) in females. Total lung cancer rates were higher in males than females at all disease stages. Male patients were more likely than female patients to be diagnosed at stage 3-4, consistent across lung cancer types, cancer registries, smoking, and socioeconomic backgrounds. The difference between the percentage of males versus females diagnosed in stages 3-4 correlated negatively with increased female ever-smokers and with squamous and small cell carcinoma and were not correlated with the rate of cancer in females, or the difference between male and female cancer rates. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that there is no belated diagnosis of lung cancer in females. Results appear to point to the fact that smoking females are more likely to be diagnosed at later stages, which is consistent with the current literature.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico Tardio/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Pulmonares/classificação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Programa de SEER , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
20.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234464, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32544187

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) recommended retrieval of at least 12 lymph nodes and firstly classified N category by the number of positive lymph nodes (PLNs) for Distal Cholangiocarcinoma (DCC). OBJECTIVE: The end of this cohort study was to explore the optimal cut-off values of the number of examined lymph nodes (ELNs) and PLNs to better stratify patients by utilizing a population-based database. METHODS: A number of 758 patients with DCC from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database were enrolled in the study and comparing by the survival analysis. RESULTS: Survival analysis found that patients with ELNs < 5 had a lower 3-year disease-specific survival rate than ELNs ≥ 5 in N0M0 cohort (35.3% vs. 53.0%, P = 0.001) and in M0 cohort (42.7% vs. 32.8%, P = 0.006); survival curves between patients with ELNs < 12 and ELNs ≥ 12 were overlapped in N0M0 cohort (P = 0.256) and in M0 cohort (P = 0.233). Among patients with ELNs ≥ 5, using the optimal cut-off value of the number of PLNs (0, 2) could accurately stratify patients, but the recommendation of the number of PLNs (0, 3) by the AJCC could not. CONCLUSIONS: This study recommended examining at least 5 lymph nodes and defining PLNs = 1-2 as the N1 category and PLNs ≥ 3 as the N2 category, which may better stratify distal cholangiocarcinoma patients and improve the accuracy of the eighth edition AJCC staging.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/mortalidade , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/mortalidade , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Programa de SEER , Taxa de Sobrevida
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