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1.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 267-274, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043343

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the molecular mechanism of LncRNA NEAT1 regulating proliferation, migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells by regulating miR-339-5p/ITGA3 axis. METHODS: qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of NEAT1, miR-339-5p, ITGA3 mRNA and ITGA3 protein in 25 cases of human tongue squamous cell carcinoma, its corresponding adjacent tissues, human normal oral mucosal cell line HOK and human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell lines TSCCA, CAL27, SCC15 and HN13. CAL27 cell lines that inhibited NEAT1 and overexpressed miR-339-5p were constructed, respectively. Cell viability was detected by MTT assay, cell numbers of migration and invasion were detected by Transwell assay, and the expression of Cyclin D1 and MMP-9 proteins were detected by Western blotting. The dual luciferase reporter gene was used to verify the targeting relationship of NEAT1, miR-339-5p and ITGA3, and the regulatory relationship was detected by Western blotting and qRT-PCR. SPSS 17.0 software package was used for statistical analysis of the data. RESULTS: Compared with normal human oral mucosal cell line HOK, the expression of NEAT1 and ITGA3 was up-regulated, while the expression of miR-339-5p was down-regulated in human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. Inhibition of NEAT1 or over-expression of miR-339-5p significantly inhibited proliferation, migration and invasion of CAL27 cells, and significantly inhibited expression of Cyclin D1 and MMP-9 proteins. Dual luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that NEAT1 directly interacted with miR-339-5p and suppressed its expression. miR-339-5p negatively regulated ITGA3 expression. Inhibition of NEAT1 reversed the inhibitory effect of the inhibition of miR-339-5p on proliferation, migration and invasion of CAL27 cells. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA NEAT1 promotes proliferation, migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells by down-regulating miR-339-5p/ITGA3 axis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante/fisiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Integrina alfa3 , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
2.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(9): 1115-1119, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051427

RESUMO

Roof plate specific spondins (Rspos) are important activators of the Wnt signaling pathway discovered recently. Rspos include four secreted proteins: Rspo1, Rspo2, Rspo3, and Rspo4.They are mainly involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation via regulating the canonical Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.The physiological functions of Rspos include regulating sex selection, limb development, organ formation and development. Rspos are involved in the pathogenesis of some malignant tumors, and the roles of Rspos vary in different types of tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Trombospondinas , Proliferação de Células , Sistema Digestório , Humanos , Via de Sinalização Wnt
3.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(8): 901-908, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053530

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect on proliferation of osteoblasts MC3T3-E1 between the concentrated growth factor extract (CGFe) and the platelet-rich fibrin extract (PRFe). METHODS: CGFe and PRFe were prepared. MC3T3-E1 was cultured in DMEM medium containing CGFe (10%, 20%, or 30%) and PRFe (10%, 20%, or 30%). The proliferation of MC3T3-E1 was detected by MTT assay at Day 1, 3, 5, and 7. ALP activity was detected by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining at Day 1, 3, 5, and 7, and mRNA expressions of Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) and Osterix (Osx) were detected by quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) at Day 3 and 7. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, CGFe and PRFe promoted the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 at Day 1, 3, 5, and 7 (all P<0.05). Except for the first day, the proliferation activity in the CGFe group was higher than that in the PRFe group (all P<0.05). At Day 1, 3, 5, and 7, compared with the control group, the ALP activities in the CGFe group and the PRFe group were significantly increased (all P<0.05). Except for the first day, the ALP activity in the CGFe group was higher than that in the PRFe group (all P<0.05). At Day 3 and 7, compared with the control group, the mRNA expression levels of Osx and Runx2 in the CGFe group and the PRFe group were significantly increased (all P<0.05); compared with PRFe group, the mRNA expression level of Osx in the CGFe group was significantly higher than that in the PRFe group, and the mRNA expression level of Runx2 was significantly lower than that in the PRFe group (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: CGFe could promote the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 stronger than PRFe, which might be related to the increase of ALP activity and up-regulation of Osx expression.


Assuntos
Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Osteoblastos , Extratos Vegetais
4.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 225-230, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043336

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of exendin-4(EX-4) on proliferation, migration and osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells(PDLSCs). METHODS: PDLSCs were isolated and cultured using limited dilution method in vitro. Colony formation assay, osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation were applied to identify the stem cells. Immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression of EX-4 receptor glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) on the surface of PDLSCs. PDLSCs were stimulated with 5, 10, 20 or 50 nmol/L EX-4 in vitro. CCK-8, Transwell assay and alkaline phosphatase(ALP) activity assay were used to determine the effects of EX-4 on PDLSCs proliferation, migration and osteogenic differentiation. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to determine the expression of osteogenic related genes ALP, runt-related transcription factor 2(Runx2) and osteocalcin (OCN). The data were analyzed by Graphpad Prims 6.0 software package. RESULTS: PDLSCs were successfully isolated and cultivated. GLP-1R positively expressed on the surface of PDLSCs. EX-4 exerted no significant effect on PDLSCs proliferation(P>0.05). EX-4 significantly promoted migration, ALP activity and osteogenic related genes expression of PDLSCs (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: 10 nmol/L EX-4 could promote migration and osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs.


Assuntos
Exenatida , Ligamento Periodontal , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Exenatida/farmacologia , Humanos , Osteogênese , Células-Tronco
5.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(10): 1251-1258, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999204

RESUMO

Natural materials such as crude drugs and foods are mixtures composed of various metabolites. Metabolic profiling is often used to identify possible correlations between a compound's metabolic profile and pharmacologic activity. Direct-injection electron ionization-mass spectrometry (DI-EI-MS) is a novel metabolomics method useful for characterizing biological materials. This review demonstrates the establishment of a DI-EI-MS method for metabolic profiling using several closely related lichen species: Cladonia krempelhuberi, C. gracilis, C. pseudogymnopoda, and C. ramulosa. The qualitative DI-EI-MS method was used to profile major and/or minor constituents in extracts of lichen samples. Each lichen sample could be distinguished by altering the DI-EI-MS electron energy and examining the resulting data using one-way analysis of variance. We also attempted to predict pharmacologic activity using DI-EI-MS metabolomics. Blueberry leaf extracts inhibited the proliferation of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) cells. Blueberry leaf extracts could be distinguished by principal component analysis based on the absolute intensity of characteristic fragment ions. Twenty cultivars were categorized into four species, and the most appropriate discriminative marker m/z value for identifying each cultivar was selected statistically. Components extracted based on DI-EI-MS analyses could be used to construct a model to predict ATL cell bioactivity. These data suggest that the novel DI-EI-MS metabolomics method is suitable for identifying species of natural materials and predicting their pharmacologic activity. This approach could enhance public health by facilitating evaluations of pharmacologic activity and functionality, leading to the elimination of counterfeit products.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/metabolismo , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Mirtilos Azuis (Planta)/química , Mirtilos Azuis (Planta)/metabolismo , Líquens/metabolismo , Metabolômica , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Previsões , Humanos , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/patologia , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Metabolômica/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação
6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(12): 128103, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016731

RESUMO

While many cellular mechanisms leading to chemotherapeutic resistance have been identified, there is an increasing realization that tumor-stroma interactions also play an important role. In particular, mechanical alterations are inherent to solid cancer progression and profoundly impact cell physiology. Here, we explore the influence of compressive stress on the efficacy of chemotherapeutics in pancreatic cancer spheroids. We find that increased compressive stress leads to decreased drug efficacy. Theoretical modeling and experiments suggest that mechanical stress decreases cell proliferation which in turn reduces the efficacy of chemotherapeutics that target proliferating cells. Our work highlights a mechanical form of drug resistance and suggests new strategies for therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Modelos Biológicos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Desoxicitidina/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Estresse Mecânico
7.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 902-906, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of salinomycin on the proliferation and apoptosis of oral squamous carcinoma cells and to further understand the mechanisms of these effects. METHODS: The human oral squamous carcinoma cell line CAL-27 was cultured in different concentrations of salinomycin and cisplatin. After co-culture with 0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 32 µmol/L salinomycin or 0, 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40 and 80 µmol/L cisplatin for 24 hours and 48 hours, the proliferation of oral squamous carcinoma cells were detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay. After being exposed to 0, 2, 4, 8 µmol/L salinomycin and 0, 5, 10, 20 µmol/L cisplatin for 48 hours, the cell cycle of oral squamous carcinoma cells was detected by flow cytometry assay, and Western blot analysis was performed to analyze the expressions of cysteine-containing aspartate-specific proteases-3(Caspase-3), cysteine-containing aspartate-specific proteases-9(Caspase-9), poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP), protein kinase B (Akt) and phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-Akt) protein in oral squamous carcinoma cells. RESULTS: Both salinomycin and cisplatin significantly inhibited the proliferation of oral squamous cell carcinoma CAL-27 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. However, compared with the first-line chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin, salinomycin showed stronger anti-proliferation activity in oral squamous carcinoma cells than cisp-latin (P < 0.001). After being exposed to 8 µmol/L salinomycin, CAL-27 cells exhibited markedly higher proportion in quiescent/ first gap phases (40.40%±1.99% vs. 64.46%±0.90%, P < 0.05), and had a significantly lower proportion in synthesis phases and second gap / mitosis phases (24.32%±2.30% vs. 18.73%±0.61%, P < 0.05; 35.01%±1.24% vs. 16.54%±1.31%, P < 0.05) compared with the dimethyl sulfoxide control group; moreover cisplatin didn't show cell-cycle specific effect on CAL-27. Western blot proved that salinomycin could up-regulate the expressions of Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 protein in oral squamous cell carcinoma CAL-27 cells (P < 0.05). At the same time, the levels of PARP, Akt and p-Akt protein were down-regulated (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with cisplatin, salinomycin has a better inhibitory effect on the proliferation of oral squamous carcinoma cells and blocks the cell cycle process at the quiescent / first gap phase. At the same time, salinomycin could trigger apoptosis of oral squamous carcinoma cells and the mechanism is associated with the Akt/p-Akt signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Bucais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Piranos
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22544, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019464

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical studies have shown that celecoxib can significantly inhibit the development of tumors, and basic experiments and in vitro experiments also provide a certain basis, but it is not clear how celecoxib inhibits tumor development in detail. METHODS: A literature search of all major academic databases was conducted (PubMed, China National Knowledge Internet (CNKI), Wan-fang, China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), including the main research on the mechanisms of celecoxib on tumors. RESULTS: Celecoxib can intervene in tumor development and reduce the formation of drug resistance through multiple molecular mechanisms. CONCLUSION: Celecoxib mainly regulates the proliferation, migration, and invasion of tumor cells by inhibiting the cyclooxygenases-2/prostaglandin E2 signal axis and thereby inhibiting the phosphorylation of nuclear factor-κ-gene binding, Akt, signal transducer and activator of transcription and the expression of matrix metalloproteinase 2 and matrix metalloproteinase 9. Meanwhile, it was found that celecoxib could promote the apoptosis of tumor cells by enhancing mitochondrial oxidation, activating mitochondrial apoptosis process, promoting endoplasmic reticulum stress process, and autophagy. Celecoxib can also reduce the occurrence of drug resistance by increasing the sensitivity of cancer cells to chemotherapy drugs.


Assuntos
Celecoxib/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Celecoxib/efeitos adversos , Celecoxib/uso terapêutico , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4907, 2020 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999289

RESUMO

Global alterations in the metabolic network provide substances and energy to support tumor progression. To fuel these metabolic processes, extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a dominant role in supporting the mass transport and providing essential nutrients. Here, we report a fibrinogen and thrombin based coagulation system to construct an artificial ECM (aECM) for selectively cutting-off the tumor metabolic flux. Once a micro-wound is induced, a cascaded gelation of aECM can be triggered to besiege the tumor. Studies on cell behaviors and metabolomics reveal that aECM cuts off the mass transport and leads to a tumor specific starvation to inhibit tumor growth. In orthotopic and spontaneous murine tumor models, this physical barrier also hinders cancer cells from distant metastasis. The in vivo gelation provides an efficient approach to selectively alter the tumor mass transport. This strategy results in a 77% suppression of tumor growth. Most importantly, the gelation of aECM can be induced by clinical operations such as ultrasonic treatment, surgery or radiotherapy, implying this strategy is potential to be translated into a clinical combination regimen.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos/administração & dosagem , Matriz Extracelular/química , Neoplasias/terapia , Animais , Transporte Biológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Transporte Biológico/efeitos da radiação , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/efeitos da radiação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/transplante , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos da radiação , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/efeitos da radiação , Feminino , Fibrinogênio/administração & dosagem , Fibrinogênio/química , Fibrinogênio/efeitos da radiação , Géis , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Metabolômica , Camundongos , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Trombina/administração & dosagem , Trombina/química , Trombina/efeitos da radiação , Terapia por Ultrassom/métodos , Ondas Ultrassônicas
10.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(9): 897-903, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892554

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expression of microRNA-140-5p (miR-140-5p) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and its role in cell proliferation and invasion of ESCC. Methods: Real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to detect the expression levels of miR-140-5p in ESCC tissues and cells. Negative control and miR-140-5p mimic were transfected into Eca109 and KYSE70 cells. CCK-8 kit and Transwell assay were employed to examine the changes of cell proliferation and invasion ability after transfection, respectively. The dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to assess the interaction of miR-140-5p with Glut1. Western blot was utilized to detect the Glut1 protein expression after transfection. Results: Analysis of the related GEO datasets revealed that the expression of miR-140-5p in ESCC tissues was significantly lower than that in normal tissues (P<0.01). The qPCR testing demonstrated that the expression of miR-140-5p in ESCC tissues and cells was markedly lower than that in normal tissues and normal esophageal epithelial cell Het-1A (P<0.01). The miR-140-5p expression was closely associated with tumor differentiation, TNM staging and lymph node metastasis in ESCC patients. The survival rate of ESCC patients with high miR-140-5p level was higher than those with low miR-140-5p level (P<0.05). Besides, addition of miR-140-5p mimic significantly upregulated the expression of miR-140-5p in Eca109 and KYSE70 cells, and suppressed cell proliferation and invasion in Eca109 and KYSE70 cells. The dual-luciferase reporter assay showed that Glut1 was a direct target of miR-140-5p in ESCC cells, and its expression was upregulated in ESCC tissues. Glut1 expression was inversely associated with miR-140-5p expression in ESCC tissues. MiR-140-5p mimic dramatically inhibited the expression of Glut1 in Eca109 and KYSE70 cells. Conclusions: MiR-140-5p plays an essential role in ESCC development and progression. Targeting at miR-140-5p/Glut1 may be a novel therapeutic strategy for ESCC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , MicroRNAs , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 1 , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(15): 3700-3706, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893561

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the growth and metastasis of human non-small cell lung cancer NCI-H1299 cells and its underlying mechanisms. MTT assay was used to detect the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the proliferation of NCI-H1299 cells. Flow cytometry was used to examine the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the apoptosis, cell cycle, and ROS level of NCI-H1299 cells. Wound healing assay was used to evaluate the effect of Huaier aqueous extract on the migration ability of NCI-H1299 cells. Western blot was used to detect the levels of proteins involving apoptosis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT), and MAPK signaling pathway in NCI-H1299 cells exposed to Huaier aqueous extract. The results showed that Huaier aqueous extract inhibited the proliferation of NCI-H1299 cells, and induced cell-cycle arrest at the phase S. Huaier aqueous extract promoted the apoptosis of NCI-H1299 cells by down-regulating the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. Moreover, Huaier aqueous extract increased ROS level and induced ferroptosis in NCI-H1299 cells. EMT played a critical role in cancer metastasis. Huaier aqueous extract reduced the migration ability of NCI-H1299 cells by inhibiting EMT of NCI-H1299 cells. In addition, this study revealed that Huaier aqueous extract inhibited MAPK signaling pathway in human non-small cell lung cancer NCI-H1299 cells, which may be one of Huaier's mechanisms in inhibiting growth and metastasis of NCI-H1299 cells. This study provides a new theoretical basis for the clinical treatment of lung cancer with Huaier, and important reference significance for further studies on the anti-tumor mechanisms of Huaier.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Misturas Complexas , Humanos , Trametes
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(35): 2774-2778, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972059

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect and mechanism of Polyphyllin Ⅱ on the proliferation, invasion and chemosensitivity of glioma cells. Method: CCK-8 cell proliferation assays and Transwell assays were employed to determine the effect of Polyphyllin Ⅱ on the proliferation and invasion of glioma cells (T98G and LN18), respectively. The expression of E-cadherin, Snail and O6-methylguanine DNA methyltranferase (MGMT) were quantified by Western blot analysis. Results: Polyphyllin Ⅱ could inhibit the proliferation of glioma cells in a time- and does-dependent manner. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of T98G at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h were (5.82±0.32), (3.57±0.07) and (1.48±0.35) µmol/L, respectively. The IC(50) of LN18 at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h were (6.83±0.11), (4.28±0.29), (2.66±0.22) µmol/L, respectively. After being treated with 2 µmol/L, 4 µmol/L and 6 µmol/L Polyphyllin Ⅱ for 24 h, the percentage of invasive cell area in the chamber area was lower than those in T98G and LN18 control groups (P<0.05). Western blot analysis showed that compared with glioma cells without Polyphyllin Ⅱ treatment, the expression of E-cadherin in T98G and LN18 was higher (F=85.56, P<0.05; F=60.80, P<0.05), but the expression of snail was lower (F=25.34, P<0.05; F=48.28, P<0.05). When temozolomide was used in combination with Polyphyllin Ⅱ at different concentrations, the coefficient of drug interaction (CDI) was less than 1. Western blot showed that MGMT expressions in T98G and LN18 were inhibited compared with glioma cells without Polyphyllin Ⅱ treatment (F=40.38, P<0.05; F=48.44, P<0.05). Conclusion: Polyphyllin Ⅱ can inhibit the proliferation and invasion of glioma cells, and improve its sensitivity to Temozolomide.


Assuntos
Glioma , Temozolomida , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Saponinas , Esteroides
13.
Chin J Dent Res ; 23(3): 169-176, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32974616

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Sirtuin 7 (SIRT7) on the gene expression profile of stem cells from the apical papilla (SCAPs). METHODS: SCAPs were isolated and cultured. SIRT7 short hairpin ribonucleic acid (shRNA) was used to knock down the expression of SIRT7 in SCAPs. After library construction and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), differentially expressed genes were identified using Cuffdiff with a false discovery rate (FDR) ≤ 0.05 and fold change ≥ 2. Pathway and Gene Ontology (GO) analyses were conducted to elucidate the changes in important functions and pathways after SIRT7 gene knockdown. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was performed and enrichment of a gene set with an FDR lower than 0.25 was considered significant. RESULTS: The most striking GO terms related to SIRT7sh SCAPs and Consh SCAPs were response to nucleus, nucleolus, cytoplasm, protein binding and intrinsic apoptotic signalling pathway. Signalling pathway analysis revealed the top five pathways to be metabolic, pyrimidine metabolism, protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signalling and p53 signalling. The results of GSEA showed that genes were mainly enriched in cell cycle, cell proliferation, transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) signalling and cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction pathways. CONCLUSION: SIRT7 may affect the functions of SCAPs through cell cycle, cell proliferation and apoptosis pathways.


Assuntos
Papila Dentária , RNA Longo não Codificante , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células/genética , Células Cultivadas , Osteogênese , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Sirtuínas , Células-Tronco
14.
Chin J Dent Res ; 23(3): 177-182, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32974617

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of microbiota in dentine formation and the characteristics of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in mouse incisors. METHODS: The influence of microbiota on dentine was detected via microcomputed tomography (microCT), microhardness testing and haematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining in incisors from germ-free (GF), specific pathogen-free (SPF) and conventionalised (ConvD) mice. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, alizarin red staining and expression of dentine sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and bone sialoprotein (BSP) via real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to evaluate the biological characteristics of DPSCs derived from mice of different microbiota status. RESULTS: MicroCT showed that the incisors in the GF and ConvD groups had comparable dentine thickness to those in the SPF group. Microhardness testing showed a lower dentine hardness value in GF incisors compared to SPF, while HE staining showed that GF incisors exhibited thicker predentine than SPF incisors. There was no difference between the ConvD and SPF groups. DPSCs from GF mice showed no significant difference in proliferation rate to SPF and ConvD DPSCs. DPSCs from GF mice formed less mineral deposition and expressed lower levels of osteo-/odontogenic differentiation-related genes including ALP, BSP and DSPP than SPF and ConvD DPSCs. The absence of microbiota in GF mice resulted in a lower dentine hardness value, thicker predentine and impaired osteo-/odontogenic differentiation capacity. CONCLUSION: The absence of microbiota impaired the dentine mineralisation and osteo-/odontogenic differentiation abilities of DPSCs.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Microbiota , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Dentina , Camundongos , Células-Tronco , Microtomografia por Raio-X
15.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 39(3): 281-290, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865918

RESUMO

Objective-To investigate cystathionine ß synthase (CBS)/hydrogen sulfide (H2S) signaling in multiple myeloma (MM) patients and to identify its effect on the proliferation of U266 cells. Methods-Bone marrow samples of 19 MM patients and 23 healthy donors were collected. qRT-PCR was performed to measure the mRNA expression levels of H2S synthases, cystathionine ß synthase, and cystathionine γ lyase. ELISA assays quantified the amount of H2S produced by the two enzymes CBS and CSE. CCK-8 experiment was used to investigate the influence of the CBS inhibitor amino oxyacetic acid and the CSE inhibitor propargylglycine on the proliferation of U266 cells. Flow cytometry and western blotting were performed to determine the effects of AOAA, PAG, and NaHS on cell cycle distribution as well as Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 expression. Results-Patients with MM had higher level of CBS compared with healthy donors. AOAA significantly inhibited cell proliferation in both a time and concentration dependent characteristic, whereas PAG does not. After 24 hours of treatment, AOAA significantly elevated the G0/G1 phase proportion of cells, and reduced the cell distribution in both S and G2/M phases, while NaHS accelerated cell cycle progression by reducing the relative number of cells in G0/G1 phase and increasing the proportion of cells in the G2/M phase. Moreover, AOAA abolished the impact of NaHS on cell cycle progression of U266 cells. AOAA treatment also led to a significant decrease in Bcl-2 expression and dramatic increase in Caspase-3 expression, though NaHS reversed these effects. Conclusion-CBS/H2S system might have a certain effect on the proliferation and apoptosis of MM cells.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Cistationina beta-Sintase/metabolismo , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Mieloma Múltiplo/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Alquinos/farmacologia , Ácido Amino-Oxiacético/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cistationina beta-Sintase/antagonistas & inibidores , Cistationina gama-Liase/antagonistas & inibidores , Cistationina gama-Liase/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Feminino , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Glicina/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Transdução de Sinais
16.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(8): 629-634, 2020 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867453

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of esculin on the proliferation of triple negative breast cancer cells and its molecular mechanism. Methods: MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with 28, 56, 112, 225, 450 and 900 µmol/L of esculin for 24, 48 and 72 h, respectively, and the cell viability was detected by cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) assay. In addition, MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with 0, 225, 450 and 900 µmol/L of esculin for 48 h. And then the changes in cell morphology were observed by inverted microscope. The clone-forming ability was detected by colony formation assay. The mRNA expression levels of FBI-1, p53 and p21 were detected using real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The protein expression levels of FBI-1, p53, p21 and Ki67 were detected by western blot. Results: Compared with the blank control group, the cell viability of MDA-MB-231 cells that treated with esculin significantly decreased in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manners. After treatment with esculin, MDA-MB-231 cells shrunk, flattened, adhered poorly to the culture dish and the cell spacing became larger. Meanwhile, shedding and incomplete cells appeared, of which 900 µmol/L of esculin treatment group showed the most dramatic changes. In addition, the colony formation ratios were decreased to (77.18±5.13)%, (65.94±4.98)% and (45.92±3.70)% in the 225, 450 and 900 µmol/L of esculin treatment groups compared with blank control, respectively (P<0.01). Furthermore, the mRNA and protein expressions of FBI-1 increased, while the levels of p53 and p21 mRNA and protein, as well as the protein expression of Ki67 decreased in a concentration-dependent manner (P<0.01). Conclusion: Esculin may regulate cell cycle-related p53-p21 pathway via FBI-1 mediated DNA replication, thus inhibit the proliferation of triple negative breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Esculina/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores de Transcrição , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
17.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(8): 635-643, 2020 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867454

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of microRNA-182-5p (miR-182-5p) on cell proliferation and invasion of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and its related molecular mechanisms. Methods: Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was employed to detect the miR-182-5p expression in ESCC tissues and cells. MiR-182-5p inhibitor, miR-182-5p mimic and negative control (NC) were transfected into ESCC Eca109 and TE1 cells, and miR-182-5p expression after transfection was examined using RT-qPCR. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was utilized to investigate the cell proliferation and Transwell chamber was used to detect the cell invasion ability. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to detect the direct interaction of miR-182-5p and cell adhesion molecule 2 (CADM2), RT-qPCR was employed to detect CADM2 expression in ESCC tissues, the correlation between CADM2 and miR-182-5p was also examined. Finally, western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of CADM2, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), p-Akt and Akt after transfection. Results: The miR-182-5p level in ESCC tissues was (2.180±1.295), significantly higher than (0.890±0.284) in normal esophageal epithelial tissues (P<0.001). The survival ratio of ESCC patients with high miR-182-5p level was evidently lower than that of ESCC patients with low miR-182-5p level (P<0.05). MiR-182-5p expression was significantly associated with TNM staging and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). The expressions of miR-182-5p in ESCC cells including EC9706, Eca109, TE1, KYSE450 and KYSE70 were (2.449±0.082), (2.965±0.088), (4.873±0.258), (1.338±0.045) and (1.999±0.082), respectively, obviously higher than (0.989±0.087) in normal esophageal epithelial cell Het-1A (all P<0.01). Besides, miR-182-5p inhibitor significantly downregulated the miR-182-5p expression in Eca109 and TE1, and suppressed cell proliferation and invasion ability. Conversely, miR-182-5p mimic significantly upregulated the miR-182-5p expression in Eca109 and TE1, and promoted cell proliferation and invasion ability. Dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed that co-transfection of CADM2-3'UTR-WT and miR-182-5p mimic significantly reduced the luciferase activities in Eca109 and TE1 cells (P<0.01), and CADM2 was the direct target of miR-182-5p. The expression of CADM2 in ESCC tissues was (0.190±0.143), markedly lower than (0.845±0.327) in normal esophageal epithelial tissues (P<0.001). The miR-182-5p level exhibited negative correlation with CADM2 level in ESCC tissues (r=-0.5004, P<0.001). In addition, CADM2 expression was closely correlated with TNM staging and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). The survival ratio of ESCC patients with high CADM2 level was evidently higher than that of ESCC patients with low CADM2 level (P<0.05). MiR-182-5p inhibitor significantly upregulated the expression of CADM2 protein, but suppressed the protein expressions of FAK, p-Akt and Akt, whereas miR-182-5p mimic markedly downregulated the expression of CADM2 protein, but promoted the protein expressions of FAK, p-Akt and Akt. Conclusion: MiR-182-5p is implicated in the carcinogenesis and development of ESCC, and thus may be a potential molecular target for ESCC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs , Invasividade Neoplásica , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos
18.
J Endod ; 46(9S): S56-S62, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950196

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The maintenance of a stem cell pool is imperative to enable healing processes in the dental pulp tissue throughout life. As such, knowing mechanisms underlying stem cell self-renewal is critical to understand pulp pathophysiology and pulp regeneration. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of stem cell factor (SCF) signaling through its receptor tyrosine kinase (c-Kit) on the self-renewal of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs). METHODS: The hDPSCs were stably transduced with lentiviral vectors expressing shRNA-c-Kit or vector control. The impact of the SCF/c-Kit axis on hDPSC self-renewal was evaluated by using a pulpsphere assay in low attachment conditions and by evaluating the expression of polycomb complex protein Bmi-1 (master regulator of self-renewal) by Western blot and flow cytometry. RESULTS: The c-Kit-silenced hDPSCs formed fewer pulpspheres when compared with hDPSCs transduced with control vector (P < .05). Evaluation of pulpsphere morphology revealed the presence of 3 distinct sphere types, ie, holospheres, merospheres, and paraspheres. Although c-Kit silencing decreased the number of holospheres compared with control cells (P < .05), it had no effect on the number of merospheres and paraspheres. Recombinant human stem cell factor (rhSCF) increased the number of holospheres (P < .05) and induced dose-dependent Bmi-1 expression in hDPSCs. As expected, the inductive capacity of rhSCF on Bmi-1 expression and fraction of Bmi-1-positive cells was inhibited when we silenced c-Kit in hDPSCs. CONCLUSIONS: These results unveiled the role of SCF/c-Kit signaling on the self-renewal of hDPSCs and suggested that this pathway enables long-term maintenance of stem cell pools in human dental pulps.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Células-Tronco , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais
19.
Eur J Immunol ; 50(9): 1283-1294, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910469

RESUMO

Studies on the interactions between SARS-CoV-2 and humoral immunity are fundamental to elaborate effective therapies including vaccines. We used polychromatic flow cytometry, coupled with unsupervised data analysis and principal component analysis (PCA), to interrogate B cells in untreated patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. COVID-19 patients displayed normal plasma levels of the main immunoglobulin classes, of antibodies against common antigens or against antigens present in common vaccines. However, we found a decreased number of total and naïve B cells, along with decreased percentages and numbers of memory switched and unswitched B cells. On the contrary, IgM+ and IgM- plasmablasts were significantly increased. In vitro cell activation revealed that B lymphocytes showed a normal proliferation index and number of dividing cells per cycle. PCA indicated that B-cell number, naive and memory B cells but not plasmablasts clustered with patients who were discharged, while plasma IgM level, C-reactive protein, D-dimer, and SOFA score with those who died. In patients with pneumonia, the derangement of the B-cell compartment could be one of the causes of the immunological failure to control SARS-Cov2, have a relevant influence on several pathways, organs and systems, and must be considered to develop vaccine strategies.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Isotipos de Imunoglobulinas/sangue , Pulmão/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Antivirais/classificação , Linfócitos B/virologia , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Proteína C-Reativa/imunologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proliferação de Células , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/imunologia , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/imunologia , Humanos , Imunidade Humoral , Memória Imunológica , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/virologia , Ativação Linfocitária , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Cultura Primária de Células , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida
20.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 33(2): 125, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920615

RESUMO

Melatonin (MLT) is a potential signaling molecule in the homeostasis of bone metabolism and may be an important mediator of bone formation and stimulation. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of MLT on the viability, mRNA/protein expression and mineralization of pre-osteoblastic cells. The concentrations 5, 2.5, 1, 0.1 and 0.01 mM MLT were tested on pre-osteoblastic cells (MC3T3) compared to control (no MLT), evaluating proliferation and cell viability (C50), gene expression (RT-PCR) and secretion (ELISA) of COL-I and OPN at 24h, 48h and 72h, and the formation of mineral nodules (alizarin red and fast red) after 10 days of treatment. MLT at 5 and 2.5 mM proved to be cytotoxic (C50), so only 0.01, 0.1 and 1 mM were used for the subsequent analyses. OPN mRNA expression increased with MLT at 0.1 mM - 1 mM, which was followed by increased secretion of OPN both at 24h and 72h compared to the remaining groups (p <0.05). COL-I mRNA and COL-1 secretion followed the same pattern as OPN at 0.1 mM MLT at 72h of treatment (p <0.05). Regarding mineralization, all MLT doses (except 1mM) caused an increase (p <0.05) in the formation of mineral nodules compared to the control. Melatonin at 0.01mM - 1mM had a stimulatory effect on osteoblasts by upregulating COL-I and OPN expression/ secretion and mineralization, thereby fostering osteogenesis.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Melatonina/farmacologia , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/genética , Osteopontina/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteopontina/genética , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
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