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1.
Behav Brain Sci ; 43: e140, 2020 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645798

RESUMO

Gilead et al.'s theory presupposes that traversing temporal, spatial, social, and hypothetical distances are largely interchangeable acts of mental travel that co-occur in human ontogeny. Yet, this claim is at odds with recent developmental data suggesting that children's reasoning is differentially affected by the dimension which they must traverse, and that different representational abilities underlie travel across different dimensions.


Assuntos
Psicologia do Desenvolvimento , Encéfalo , Criança , Humanos , Resolução de Problemas
2.
Memorandum ; 37: 1-26, 20200401.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103102

RESUMO

O estudo sobre o desenvolvimento humano, por parte da Psicologia, se revela a partir de um panorama complexo e, por vezes, anárquico que contempla amplo leque de perspectivas. O que marca a alteridade desse campo do saber? O objetivo do presente artigo é compreender de que maneira surge a Psicologia do Desenvolvimento, demarcando condições de seu advento por meio de uma revisão não sistemática de literatura. Não há distinções significativas, do ponto de vista histórico e até mesmo gerencial, em Programas de Pós-Graduação no Brasil, entre Psicologia e Psicologia do Desenvolvimento. Por outro lado, Psicologia do Desenvolvimento e Psicologia Educacional são historicamente entrelaçadas. Encontram-se, também mais recentemente, esforços de destacar a Psicologia do Desenvolvimento do campo da Psicologia através da delimitação de objetos e métodos próprios, inserindo-se numa perspectiva não disciplinar como Ciência do Desenvolvimento.


The psychologist study of human development is revealed from a complex and sometimes anarchic panorama contemplating a wide range of perspectives. Whatmarks the otherness of this field of knowledge? The aim of the present study is to understand how Developmental Psychology came up, marking its conditions of advent through a non-systematic literature review. We conclude that there are almost no distinction between Psychology and Developmental Psychology, from the historical and even managerial point of view in Graduate Programs in Brazil. On the other hand, Developmental Psychology and Educational Psychology are historically interlaced. More recently, there have also been efforts to separate the Developmental Psychology of the field of Psychology through a delimitation of its own objects and methods, inserting it among a non-disciplinary perspective, such as Science Development.


Assuntos
Psicologia do Desenvolvimento , Psicologia
3.
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother ; 48(4): 318-327, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096700

RESUMO

Assessment of the maturity of juvenile and young adult offenders according to §105 of German juvenile law: a developmental psychology perspective Abstract. Since 1953, according to § 105 of the German JGG (Jugendgerichtsgesetz/Juvenile Court Act), it has been possible to convict offenders aged 18.0 y-20y 11 mo either as juveniles or as adults, depending on their developmental status. Yet unambiguous criteria defining the individual stages of development are available neither to judges nor to experts. Thus, for this age group this may lead judges to make arbitrary decisions impairing the right of equal treatment before the law in Germany. In the absence of clear criteria for assessing maturity, experts nearly always recommend judging such offenders as juveniles. Recent findings from the neurosciences and developmental psychology show that not only juveniles but adolescents and young adults up to the age of 25y usually have significant potential for development. After an overview of the legal practices pertaining to juveniles in Germany and throughout Europe, we propose alternatives for the individual assessment of maturity.


Assuntos
Criminosos/psicologia , Delinquência Juvenil/psicologia , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento , Adolescente , Criminosos/legislação & jurisprudência , Alemanha , Humanos , Delinquência Juvenil/legislação & jurisprudência , Adulto Jovem
4.
Wiley Interdiscip Rev Cogn Sci ; 11(1): e1515, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454182

RESUMO

Developmental sociolinguistics is a rapidly evolving interdisciplinary framework that builds upon theoretical and methodological contributions from multiple disciplines (i.e., sociolinguistics, language acquisition, the speech sciences, developmental psychology, and psycholinguistics). A core assumption of this framework is that language is by its very nature variable, and that much of this variability is informative, as it is (probabilistically) governed by a variety of factors-including linguistic context, social or cultural context, the relationship between speaker and addressee, a language user's geographic origin, and a language user's gender identity. It is becoming increasingly clear that consideration of these factors is absolutely essential to developing realistic and ecologically valid models of language development. Given the central importance of language in our social world, a more complete understanding of early social development will also require a deeper understanding of when and how language variation influences children's social inferences and behavior. As the cross-pollination between formerly disparate fields continues, we anticipate a paradigm shift in the way many language researchers conceptualize the challenge of early acquisition. This article is categorized under: Linguistics > Linguistic Theory Linguistics > Language Acquisition Neuroscience > Development Psychology > Language.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Psicolinguística , Fala , Criança , Humanos , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento
5.
Pap. psicol ; 40(3): 190-196, sept.-dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-186993

RESUMO

Hasta fechas muy recientes, el estudio de las creencias y actitudes ambientales se ha centrado en muestras de participantes adultos. Sin embargo, conocer el nivel de conciencia ambiental infantil es relevante, ya que facilitará que las generaciones futuras asuman las exigencias de la proambientalidad. Este trabajo destaca la importancia de las experiencias ambientales en la infancia para asumir valores y creencias proambientales. Se ofrecen datos sobre el nivel de conciencia ecológica de muestras infantiles en España utilizando tanto la Escala del Nuevo Paradigma Ambiental (NEP) como la Escala de Percepción de Problemas Ambientales (CEPS). Los datos registrados permiten concluir que el nivel de conciencia ecológica de la población infantil española es medio-alto. Además, se propone un modelo en el que se definen cuatro perfiles ecológicos en la infancia: Eco-orientados, naturalistas de salón, utilitaristas y tecno-orientados. Se concluye destacando el valor de las experiencias de contacto con la naturaleza


Until recently, the study of environmental beliefs and attitudes has been focused on adults. However, a better understanding of chil-dren's environmental awareness is needed, since this will make it easier for future generations to assume the demands of pro-environmentalism. This paper highlights the importance of environmental experiences during childhood for the development of pro-environmental attitudes. We discuss different data about Spanish children's ecological awareness, measured with the New Envi-ronmental Paradigm (NEP) scale and the Children's Environmental Perception Scale (CEPS). According to our findings, Spanish children show a medium-high level of ecological awareness. In addition, we propose a model describing four ecological profiles: eco-oriented, lounge naturalists, utilitarians and techno-oriented. We conclude by highlighting the value of experiences of contact with nature for children's pro-environmentalism


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Meio Ambiente , Natureza , Consciência , Atitude , Psicologia da Criança/educação , Enquadramento Psicológico , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento/métodos
6.
Twin Res Hum Genet ; 22(4): 233-239, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498059

RESUMO

The Wisconsin Twin Project comprises multiple longitudinal studies that span infancy to early adulthood. We summarize recent papers that show how twin designs with deep phenotyping, including biological measures, can inform questions about phenotypic structure, etiology, comorbidity, heterogeneity, and gene-environment interplay of temperamental constructs and mental and physical health conditions of children and adolescents. The general framework for investigations begins with rich characterization of early temperament and follows with study of experiences and exposures across childhood and adolescence. Many studies incorporate neuroimaging and hormone assays.


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos/genética , Doenças em Gêmeos/genética , Transtornos do Humor/genética , Gêmeos/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos/fisiopatologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Criança , Doenças em Gêmeos/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Transtornos do Humor/fisiopatologia , Transtornos do Humor/psicologia , Neurociências/tendências , Fenótipo , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento/tendências , Psicopatologia/tendências , Temperamento/fisiologia , Wisconsin
7.
Dev Psychol ; 55(9): 1801-1811, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464487

RESUMO

In the past several decades, research on emotional development has flourished. Scientists have made progress in understanding infants', children's, and adults' abilities to recognize, communicate, and regulate their emotions. However, many questions remain unanswered or only partly answered. We are poised to move from descriptions of aspects of emotional functioning to conceptualizing and studying the developmental mechanisms that underlie those aspects. The gaps in our knowledge provide numerous opportunities for further investigation. With this special issue of Developmental Psychology, we aim to stimulate such progress, especially among colleagues at the beginning of their careers. The articles in this issue are intended to challenge our concepts and take research on emotional development in new directions. Toward this end, this special issue includes empirical studies, theoretical articles, novel conceptualizations, methodological innovations, and invited commentaries from scholars across a range of disciplines. In this introductory essay, we briefly review the history of research on emotional development and provide an overview of the contributions of this special issue with thoughts about the current state of the developmental science and areas in which further advancement on emotional development must be made. These include understanding the nature of emotion itself, identifying the mechanisms that produce developmental changes, examining emotion regulation within differing social contexts, and creating measures of culture that acknowledge globalization, historical change, and within-culture differences. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Compreensão , Emoções/fisiologia , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento , Humanos , Teoria Psicológica
8.
Dev Psychol ; 55(9): 1868-1881, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464491

RESUMO

In the present work, we explore the development of processing of emotional facial configurations under a predictive processing (or predictive coding) framework. Predictive processing provides a new approach to brain function that has been used to explain a wide range of processes, from perception to socioemotional processing. The explanatory power of this framework for adult brain function is widely recognized, but it has yet to be systematically applied to understanding the developing brain. Studying the findings of developmental research under this framework may allow a deeper understanding of the predictive mechanisms and their ontogenetic course, and adds to knowledge on brain functions and developmental processes. Therefore, the goal of this work was to explore the potential complementarity of predictive processing and development. Specifically, we focus on how the development of facial and emotion processing may be understood under a predictive processing framework. The processing of facial expressions was selected because of the developmental relevance of these stimuli, their impact on general emotional development, as well as the large body of literature on this topic (comprised of both well-established but also incongruent findings, which a novel approach may clarify). Considering the main findings of developmental research on the processing of emotion-related facial configurations under this framework, we argue that predictive processing is consistent with developmental evidence and provides a promising avenue for developmental research, as it reveals new questions in the fields of development and emotion processing. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Emoções/fisiologia , Expressão Facial , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento , Humanos , Teoria Psicológica
9.
Dev Psychol ; 55(9): 1921-1937, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464495

RESUMO

Variability is a fundamental feature of human brain activity that is particularly pronounced during development. However, developmental neuroimaging research has only recently begun to move beyond characterizing brain function exclusively in terms of magnitude of neural activation to incorporate estimates of variability. No prior neuroimaging study has done so in the domain of emotion regulation. We investigated how age and affective experiences relate to spatial and temporal variability in neural activity during emotion regulation. In the current study, 70 typically developing youth aged 8 to 17 years completed a cognitive reappraisal task of emotion regulation while undergoing functional MRI. Estimates of spatial and temporal variability during regulation were calculated across a network of brain regions, defined a priori, and were then related to age and affective experiences. Results showed that increasing age was associated with reduced spatial and temporal variability in a set of frontoparietal regions (e.g., dorsomedial prefrontal cortex, superior parietal lobule) known to be involved in effortful emotion regulation. In addition, youth who reported less negative affect during regulation had less spatial variability in the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, which has previously been linked to cognitive reappraisal. We interpret age-related reductions in spatial and temporal variability as implying neural specialization. These results suggest that the development of emotion regulation is undergirded by a process of neural specialization and open a host of possibilities for incorporating neural variability into the study of emotion regulation development. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Regulação Emocional/fisiologia , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Córtex Pré-Frontal/fisiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento
10.
Dev Psychol ; 55(9): 2002-2005, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464502

RESUMO

I argue that emotion research needs formal (mathematical) theory to address two central questions. How does evolution shape mechanisms of emotion development across generations, depending on environmental conditions? How do these mechanisms generate emotions, based on lifetime experience and current context? Formal modeling enables researchers to state ideas clearly and precisely, deduce predictions, and evaluate the fit between theory and data. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Evolução Biológica , Emoções/fisiologia , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento , Humanos , Modelos Psicológicos
11.
Dev Psychol ; 55(9): 2020-2024, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464506

RESUMO

Emotions remain something of a mystery for most of us even when we accept their centrality to development in general and to infancy in particular. I make 2 arguments in this paper. One: that the most crucial thing about emotions is that they allow mutuality of engagement with other emotional beings-not only evoking responses, but also provoking further emotions in others. Mutual engagements-sometimes called moments of meeting or encounters with other minds-can be transformational. They allow us to be "seen," to be "known" by others, and in achieving that, they allow us to be persons. Some key phenomena of emotional encounters in infancy are discussed to illustrate this point. Evidence of such meetings is abundant in our lives and needs a committed focus for study within developmental psychology. Two: that we need to open out the idea of emotions (as well as probe at a microlevel) and the terms affect or affectivity might help encompass a greater breadth. Daniel Stern's "vitality affects" and Ben Anderson's "affective atmospheres" both cross disciplinary boundaries in contemplating emotional phenomena. It seems crucial for developmental psychology to incorporate such different aspects-neurological, kinematic, situational and sociopolitical-into discussions of emotional development. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Emoções/fisiologia , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento , Humanos , Lactente
12.
Am J Community Psychol ; 63(3-4): 245-252, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087673

RESUMO

The professionals and paraprofessionals who work daily with youth in low-resource, marginalized communities are integral to youth wellbeing; yet, their professional development, and the factors that promote it, are not well understood. In this introduction to the special issue, Understanding and Strengthening the Child- and Youth-Serving Workforce in Low-Resource Communities, we focus on understudied practitioners operating in an array of sectors and settings, such as home visitors, mental health paraprofessionals, early childhood assistant teachers, teachers in low-income countries, school resource officers, juvenile justice staff, and after-school and community-based program workers. We put forward a conceptual model detailing the interactive, layered set of proximal-to-distal ecological factors that influence the practice and professional development of these workers, and show how papers in the current issue address these layers in their examination of workforce development. We conclude with a summary of the contributions and lessons from this work - including the value of a whole-person approach, the importance of sharing process across research stages, and the need to build on the foundation provided by community psychology and implementation science - toward the twin goals of understanding and building the skills and strengths of the workforce, and ultimately, enhancing youth development.


Assuntos
Bem-Estar da Criança , Direito Penal , Seguridade Social , Adolescente , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde , Criança , Recursos em Saúde , Humanos , Psicologia , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento , Saúde Pública , Professores Escolares
13.
Infant Behav Dev ; 55: 69-76, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933839

RESUMO

Replicable research and open science are of value to our field and to society at large, but most universities provide no incentives to adopt these practices. Instead, current incentive structures favor novel research, which has led to a situation in which few researchers take the time to do replications, share protocols, or share data. Obviously, several approaches to remedy this situation are possible. However, little progress can be made if becoming involved in such activities reduces a researcher's chances of rank and status advancement and other rewards. I describe in this article the way my department has modified our incentive structure to tackle this problem, including how the changes influence my research as a developmental psychologist. Finally, I offer suggestions for faculty who wish to initiate similar changes in their institutions.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Motivação , Revisão por Pares/normas , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento/normas , Universidades/normas , Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Humanos , Revisão por Pares/métodos , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento/métodos
14.
Integr Psychol Behav Sci ; 53(4): 602-610, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31020461

RESUMO

This paper discusses the notion of language games as cultural practices in children's early linguistic and socio-cognitive development. First, we trace the emergence of this concept in Jerome Bruner's experimental and theoretical work at Oxford University in the 1960s, work that was informed by the thinking of Wittgenstein and Austin, amongst others. Second, we provide a systematic historical account of how Bruner has influenced more recent research traditions in developmental psychology, especially in the field of social cognition. Finally, we hone in on one specific approach within this field developed by the Laboratory for Developmental and Educational Studies in Psychology at the University of Milano Bicocca.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Cognição , Cultura , Idioma , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento/história , Percepção Social , Criança , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos
15.
Integr Psychol Behav Sci ; 53(4): 661-668, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30877559

RESUMO

The philosophy of Bruner transcends traditional boundaries in the study of the human mind with a new kind of psychology, one that frees the thinking mind from its opposition to feelings and also from the limitations of being considered an 'inside-the-head' phenomenon. It is with active engagement with the outside world that a child develops its understanding. In this engagement with the outside world, the developmental construction of thought is actively created through the use of symbols. The cultural context, images, and languages a person experiences are thus considered to be formative in thinking. Opposing the notion of readiness, Bruner believed children to be capable of complex thought, and the dynamics of these developments were guided by meaning-making. The significance of meaning in Psychology was resurrected in his writing. Furthermore, the notion of narrative as constructive in facilitating the organisation and management of mental processes is invaluable. In this article, we bring a commentary on two articles, one that relates to the study of scaffolding of emotion regulation by parents of adolescents and the other on the narrative understanding of selfhood of individuals with autism.


Assuntos
Psicologia do Desenvolvimento , Adolescente , Criança , Cognição , Regulação Emocional , Humanos , Narração , Filosofia
16.
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol ; 63(9): 1621-1662, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30924386

RESUMO

Since the 1970s, scholars have produced a large body of research attempting to establish the mechanisms by which sexual serial killers come to arrive at a life of repeat fatal violence. From the standpoint of developmental psychology, however, the explanations offered are far too limited in scope. Human development is the product of complex reciprocal transactions that occur between an individual and their environment throughout their life span. This present study is meant to encourage a critical reconsideration of past knowledge (mainly static traits) in favor of the recognition of the complexity of human development. Using life span developmental psychology as a guiding framework, this study traces the developmental mechanisms that come together to shape the psychopathology that drives the motivations of sexual serial killers.


Assuntos
Homicídio/legislação & jurisprudência , Delitos Sexuais/legislação & jurisprudência , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Homicídio/psicologia , Humanos , Lactente , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Colaboração Intersetorial , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Longevidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Desenvolvimento da Personalidade , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Meio Social , Socialização , Adulto Jovem
17.
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 132(1): 24-27, Mar. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009988

RESUMO

El trabajo trata de proporcionar información sobre psicología moral y filosofía moral, buscando lograr una teoría normativa estructurada sobre elementos de la realidad, teniendo en cuenta la existencia de una estructura profunda de la psicología moral. (AU)


The work tries to provide information on moral psychology and moral philosophy, seeking to achieve a normative theory structured on elements of reality, taking into account the existence of a deep structure of moral psychology. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Filosofia , Psicologia , Princípios Morais , Psicologia da Criança , Teoria Ética , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento
18.
Dev Psychol ; 55(3): 586-591, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30802109

RESUMO

A focal goal of development science in recent years has been to document and understand the psychological processes that underlie inequality toward the goal of promoting equity and justice (e.g., Killen, Rutland, & Yip, 2016). This timely special section on economic inequality broadens the empirical conversation, which has centered mostly on race and gender, to include how children and adolescents perceive, experience, and reason about economic inequality in their social worlds. From the perspective of the broader literature on children's developing understanding of social identities and inequalities, I reflect on 3 observations raised collectively in these special section articles: (a) how economic inequality is defined and for whom; (b) the role of intersectionality; and (c) the dearth of longitudinal data. I suggest that developmental scholarship on inequality has focused on particular aspects of inequality (poverty and oppression) for particular demographic groups (ethnic-racial minority populations) and relied on cross-sectional (rather than longitudinal) data to draw conclusions about development. These observations are not necessarily unique to the articles in this special section but warrant consideration across the scholarship on inequality in developmental science. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Psicologia do Desenvolvimento , Projetos de Pesquisa , Justiça Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos
19.
Integr Psychol Behav Sci ; 53(4): 644-660, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30715688

RESUMO

Feldman et al. (Human Development, 36, 327-342, 1993) called for a new kind of psychology, a cultural cognitive developmental psychology. We critically consider their initial studies to discuss the scope of their program. In the spirit of this program we explore the development of scaffolding of narrative emotion regulation in adolescence. We present two co-narrations of sad events between mothers and their 12- and 18-year-old offspring to exemplify these mothers' age-sensitive strategies to scaffold adolescents' narrative emotion regulation. We identified three kinds of narrative arguments which mothers used for scaffolding and which are apparently acquired only in the course of adolescence: Embedding events in extended temporal, biographical contexts, relating events and reactions to individuals' enduring personalities, and re-appraising events by including more others', external, and hypothetical perspectives. They confirm developmental observations made by Feldman et al. (Human Development, 36, 327-342, 1993) and demonstrate their utility in the context of the development of emotion regulation.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento do Adolescente/fisiologia , Cognição/fisiologia , Cultura , Regulação Emocional/fisiologia , Comportamento Materno/psicologia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Narração , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento/história , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Masculino , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento/métodos
20.
Integr Psychol Behav Sci ; 53(4): 694-706, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30737676

RESUMO

The aim of this work is to focus on a basic concept in Brunerian narrative theory, that of violation of canonicity, showing how it relates to other basic concepts of cognitive theories such as anomaly, expectation and relationship between constancy and variability. To reach this aim, we will firstly discuss the Piagetian theory, in particular regarding the way in which the child deals with new and interesting events moved from the need to face and produce "spectacles interessantes" by means of experiencing the violation of canonicity. We will also briefly consider some results of neurosciences studies pointing out that the constancy-variability issue is at the base of human development. Secondly, we will show the convergence between Piagetian theory and Brunerian theory of narration, producing some examples of how violation of canonicity can occur in children and adults.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Humano/fisiologia , Narração , Teoria Psicológica , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento , Pensamento/fisiologia , Adulto , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Neurociência Cognitiva , Humanos
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