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1.
An. psicol ; 38(2): 269-277, may. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-202888

RESUMO

La autorregulación constituye una habilidad básica que puede prevenir el uso problemático de internet y del smartphone en la etapa adolescente (LaRose et al., 2003). El presente estudio explora las estrategias de regulación del uso de este dispositivo, así como las relaciones de tales estrategias y de las variables antecedentes del modelo de Caplan (2010) para identificar a aquellos adolescentes que presentan altas o bajas consecuencias negativas del uso de internet. Con una muestra representativa de adolescentes de 1º a 4º de la ESO de la Comunidad de Madrid (N = 524, Medad = 13.57, DT = 1.24, Rango = 12-17), nuestros resultados apuntaron a que son los padres los que regulaban el uso del smartphone en cerca de la mitad de los adolescentes. El déficit de autorregulación con rumiación cognitiva, la intervención de los padres para regular el uso de este dispositivo y las variables del modelo de Caplan (2010) –excepto la regulación emocional online- fueron predictores significativos para identificar a aquellos adolescentes que mostraban altas o bajas consecuencias negativas. Las implicaciones educativas y las futuras líneas de investigación son resaltadas.


Self-regulation is a basic skill that can prevent problematic Internet and smartphone use in adolescence (LaRose et al., 2003). The present study explored regulation strategies in the use of this device, as well as the relationships between such strategies and the background variables of Caplan's (2010) model, to identify those adolescents who present high or low negative consequences of Internet use. With a representative sample of adolescents from 1st to 4th year of secondary education in the Community of Madrid (N = 524, Mage= 13.57, SD= 1.24, Range= 12-17), our results indicated that parents were the ones who regulated smartphone use in about half of the adolescents. Self-regulation deficit with cognitive rumination, parent intervention to regulate the use of this device and the variables of Caplan’s (2010) model -except for online emotional regulation- were significant predictors to identify those adolescents who showed high or low negative consequences. Educational implications and future lines of research are also discussed


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Ciências da Saúde , Adolescente , Internet , Smartphone , Estratégias de eSaúde , Pais/educação , Pais/psicologia , Psicologia/métodos
2.
Ansiedad estrés ; 28(2): 108-114, may-aug. 2022. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-203075

RESUMO

La proporción de teletratamiento llevada a cabo por psicólogos durante la pandemia por COVID-19 para el TAG, fobia específica, agorafobia, ansiedad social, pánico, TOC y TEPT, así como si la experiencia en teleterapia tiene un efecto significativo en la demanda no han sido estudiadas. Los resultados indican que el TAG con un 69.2%, es el trastorno que más teletratamiento ha recibido y la fobia con un 60.5%, el que menos. El pánico, la ansiedad social, TEPT, TOC y agorafobia tuvieron una demanda media del 67.2%, 66.8%, 64.0%, 63.5% y 62.2%, respectivamente. La experiencia en teleterapia resultó significativa. El teletratamiento para psicólogos con experiencia aumentó una media del 93.9% respecto al 35.7% de aquellos sin experiencia. Un 22.8% de psicólogos no realizó teletramiento de la ansiedad. Estos resultados puede ser útiles para desarrollar programas específicos de prevención e intervención telemática para los trastornos de ansiedad ante futuras pandemias por coronavirus.


The distribution of teletreatment carried out by psychologists during the COVID-19 pandemic for GAD, specific phobia, agoraphobia, social anxiety, panic, OCD and PTSD, and whether experience in teletherapy has an significant effect on demand have not been studied. The results indicate that GAD with 69.2% has been the disorder that has received the most teletherapy and phobia with 60.5%, the least. Panic, social anxiety, PTSD, OCD, and agoraphobia had a demand of 67.2%, 66.8%, 64.0%, 63.5%, and 62.2%, respectively. The experience in teletherapy was significant. Tele-treatment for experienced psychologists increased an average of 93.9% compared to 35.7% for those without experience. 22.8% of psychologists did not carry out anxiety teletherapy. These results may be useful to develop specific prevention and telematic intervention programs for anxiety disorders in the face of future coronavirus pandemics


Assuntos
Humanos , Ciências da Saúde , Teleterapia , Transtornos Fóbicos , Fobia Social , Psicologia , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Intervenção na Crise , Terapia Assistida por Computador , Aconselhamento à Distância , Prevenção de Doenças
3.
Behav Brain Sci ; 45: e71, 2022 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550213

RESUMO

We endorse Cesario's call for more research into the complexities of "real-world" decisions and the comparative power of different causes of group disparities. Unfortunately, these reasonable suggestions are overshadowed by a barrage of non sequiturs, misdirected criticisms of methodology, and unsubstantiated claims about the assumptions and inferences of social psychologists.


Assuntos
Cognição , Psicologia Social , Humanos , Psicologia
4.
Am Psychol ; 77(4): 565-575, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35389671

RESUMO

The call for greater openness in research data is quickly growing in many scientific fields. Psychology as a field, however, still falls short in this regard. Research is vulnerable to human error, inaccurate interpretation, and reporting of study results, and decisions during the research process being biased toward favorable results. Despite the obligation to share data for verification and the importance of this practice for protecting against human error, many psychologists do not fulfill their ethical responsibility of sharing their research data. This has implications for the accurate and ethical dissemination of specific research findings and the scientific development of the field more broadly. Open science practices provide promising approaches to address the ethical issues of inaccurate reporting and false-positive results in psychological research literature that hinder scientific growth and ultimately violate several relevant ethical principles and standards from the American Psychological Association's (APA's) Ethical Principles of Psychologists Code of Conduct (APA, 2017). Still, current incentive structures in the field for publishing and professional advancement appear to induce hesitancy in applying these practices. With each of these considerations in mind, recommendations on how psychologists can ethically proceed through open science practices and incentive restructuring-in particular, data management, data and code sharing, study preregistration, and registered reports-are provided. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Editoração , Sociedades Científicas , Humanos , Psicologia
5.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; Abr. 2022. 51 p. ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | MINSAPERÚ, MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1369424

RESUMO

El documento contiene las competencias esenciales que oriente la formación superior universitaria del/de la Químico(a) Farmacéutico(a), Psicólogo(a), Nutricionista y Cirujano(a) Dentista Peruano(a) de acuerdo a las necesidades de salud de la población, del sistema nacional de salud y el avance científico.


Assuntos
Psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Odontólogos , Sistemas Nacionais de Saúde , Nutricionistas , Descrição de Cargo
6.
Univ. salud ; 24(1): 65-75, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361187

RESUMO

Introduction: Affectivity has a fundamental role in educational systems' training process. However, there are no updated studies that show the different socio-affective agents used in the creation of physical habits in the child and adolescent population in school systems. Objective: To review and analyze previously published research that studied the influence of affectivity on children and adolescents' physical habits in school systems. Materials and methods: A systematic review was conducted with articles published between 2010 and 2020, which connected affectivity and physical habits. The electronic search was performed through Web of Science, Scopus, and Scielo databases. All articles that studied the influence of affectivity on the population's physical habits were included. Results: Three studies that analyzed the influence of affectivity on children and adolescents' physical habits were found. Conclusions: At the end of the systematic review, it was demonstrated that there is a significant relationship between affectivity and the physical habits in child and adolescent populations. It was also possible to observe that this influence, positive or negative, determines the child and adolescent population's interest in physical activity and sports in adult life.


Introducción: La afectividad tiene un papel fundamental dentro del proceso de formación en los sistemas educativos. Sin embargo, no existen estudios actualizados que evidencien los diversos agentes socioafectivos utilizados en la creación de hábitos físicos en la población infantil y adolescente de los sistemas escolares. Objetivo: Analizar investigaciones previamente publicadas que estudiaron la influencia de la afectividad en los hábitos físicos de niños y adolescente de los sistemas escolares. Materiales y métodos: El estudio corresponde a una revisión sistemática. Se evaluaron artículos publicados entre 2010 y 2020 que relacionaron afectividad y hábitos físicos. La búsqueda electrónica se realizó a través de las bases Web of Science, Scopus y Scielo. Se incluyeron todos los artículos que utilizaron la afectividad sobre los hábitos físicos de la población. Resultados: Se encontraron tres artículos que utilizaron la afectividad sobre los hábitos físicos de niños y adolescentes. Conclusiones: Al término de la revisión sistemática, se demostró que existe una tremenda influencia entre la afectividad y los hábitos físicos de la población infantil y adolescente. También se pudo observar que esta influencia, positiva o negativa, condiciona el interés de la población infantil y juvenil por la actividad física y el deporte en la vida adulta.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Psicologia , Esportes , Exercício Físico , Educação , Hábitos , Atividade Motora
7.
Hist Psychol ; 25(2): 121-142, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35446058

RESUMO

This study reconstructs the process by which quantitative methods were gradually displaced from Russian psychology in the early Soviet period. By the early 1930s, there was a decline in the importance of mathematical methods in psychological disciplines. It was accompanied by the rejection of some mathematical methods and the ideologization of the description of quantitative methodology. After the Central Committee's decree "O pedologicheskikh izvrashcheniyakh v sisteme Narkomprosov" ("On Pedological Perversions in the System of Narkomproses") of 1936 was published in the pages of national newspapers, statistical practice was completely discredited. At the same time, textbooks on statistics in psychological disciplines were withdrawn from circulation. Scientists' attempts to defend the neutrality of scientific methods were unsuccessful and were publicly criticized. As a result, statistical practice almost completely disappeared from psychological disciplines after 1936, although there was no outright ban on the use of statistics. There are two possible reasons for this. First, psychologists may have abandoned statistical practices as a result of ideological pressure. Second, owing to the elimination of mathematical methods, internal disciplinary contradictions-in particular, those characteristic of pedology-were eliminated. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Psicologia , Federação Russa
8.
Rev. Bras. Psicoter. (Online) ; 24(1): 32-48, jan-abr. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1369987

RESUMO

Historicamente, a Psicoterapia Breve (PB) teve como pressuposto teórico a Psicanálise e foi desenvolvida para atender o cenário da saúde mental. Observa-se que ao longo dos anos a técnica foi aprimorada, utilizada por diferentes profissionais e em distintos contextos. Diante disso, busca-se identificar, avaliar e sumarizar as evidências científicas disponíveis que demonstrem a caracterização da literatura científica sobre intervenções de psicólogos e psiquiatras em psicoterapias breves no Brasil. O estudo foi conduzido mediante revisão integrativa da literatura, nas seguintes bases de dados PubMed, SCOPUS, PsycINFO e Lilacs, no período compreendido entre 2010 e 2020. Foram recuperadas para análise 266 publicações. Destas, foram incluídas 22 por cumprirem os critérios de inclusão do estudo. Todas as pesquisas indicaram a participação de psicólogos nas intervenções e também intervenções de modo conjunto a psiquiatras. Há predominância do nível 6 de evidência científica. Diferentes abordagens psicológicas foram utilizadas na condução das intervenções que se efetivaram de forma individual ou grupal. A aplicação da PB é identificada em diferentes contextos, tais como: clínica, hospitais, ambiente de trabalho e sociojurídico. As pesquisas em PB buscam consolidar conhecimento sobre o processo, o curso do tratamento e resultados de intervenções psicoterápicas independente do profissional da área da saúde que conduz a intervenção. Os dados identificados possibilitam a revisão de práticas de intervenção e o avanço no conhecimento científico, importantes para subsidiar tomadas de decisão para o cuidado à saúde de indivíduos, grupos e populações.(AU)


Historically, Brief Psychotherapy (BP) has Psychoanalysis as a theoretical assumption and was developed to serve the mental health center. It is observed that over the years the technique has been improved, used by different professionals and in different contexts. Therefore, it seeks to identify, assess and summarize the scientific evidence available to demonstrate the characterization of the scientific literature on interventions by psychologists and psychiatrists in brief psychotherapies in Brazil. The study was carried out through an integrative literature review, following the following databases PubMed, SCOPUS, PsycINFO and Lilacs, period not between 2010 and 2020. 266 publications were retrieved for analysis. Of these, 22 were included for meeting the study's inclusion criteria. All investigations will indicate the participation of psychologists in the intervention and also in conjunction with psychiatrists. There is a predominance of level 6 of scientific evidence. Different psychological approaches are used to conduct interventions that are carried out individually or in groups. An application of BP is identified in different contexts, such as: clinic, hospital, work environment and socio-legal. The investigations in the BP seek to consolidate knowledge about the process, or trajectory of treatment, and the results of professional psychotherapeutic interventions independent of the health area that originated the intervention. The identified data enable the review of interventions, which are important to support decision-making for the health care of individuals, groups and populations.(AU)


Históricamente, la Psicoterapia Breve (PB) tiene al Psicoanálisis como supuesto teórico y fue desarrollada para servir al centro de salud mental. Se observa que a lo largo de los años la técnica ha ido mejorando, siendo utilizada por diferentes profesionales y en diferentes contextos. Por lo tanto, busca identificar, evaluar y resumir la evidencia científica disponible para demostrar la caracterización de la literatura científica sobre intervenciones de psicólogos y psiquiatras en psicoterapias breves en Brasil. El estudio se realizó mediante una revisión integradora de la literatura, siguiendo las siguientes bases de datos PubMed, SCOPUS, PsycINFO y Lilacs, período no comprendido entre 2010 y 2020. Se recuperaron 266 publicaciones para su análisis. De estos, 22 se incluyeron por cumplir con los criterios de inclusión del estudio. Todas las investigaciones indicarán la participación de psicólogos en la intervención y también en conjunto con psiquiatras. Predomina el nivel 6 de evidencia científica. Se utilizan diferentes enfoques psicológicos para realizar intervenciones que se llevan a cabo de forma individual o en grupo. Se identifica una aplicación de PB en diferentes contextos, tales como: clínico, hospitalario, ambiente laboral y sociojurídico. Las investigaciones en el PB buscan consolidar el conocimiento sobre el proceso, o trayectoria de tratamiento, y los resultados de las intervenciones psicoterapéuticas profesionales independientes del área de salud que originó la intervención. Los datos identificados permiten la revisión de prácticas y / o intervenciones, que son importantes para apoyar la toma de decisiones para el cuidado de la salud de individuos, grupos y poblaciones.(AU)


Assuntos
Psicoterapia Breve , Saúde Mental , Psicologia
9.
Actas esp. psiquiatr ; 50(2): 106-113, Marzo - Abril 2022. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-203157

RESUMO

Entre los estudiantes de MEDICINA existe una alta prevalencia de estigma hacia la enfermedad mental, lo que puedeprovocar consecuencias negativas de gran alcance. Es de suma importancia intervenir y modificar las cogniciones en los futuros médicos para luchar contra el estigma. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir los tipos y la efectividad de las intervenciones para la reducción del estigma hacia las enfermedades mentales entre los estudiantes de MEDICINA a través de una revisión de la literatura existente de 1997 a 2020. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en las bases de datos PubMed, Web of Science (WOS) y Cochrane Library según la metodología PRISMA. Se localizaron un total de 87 manuscritos, tras la lectura de sus resúmenes se procedió a la exclusión de 49 por no adaptarse a los parámetros de estudio. Se seleccionaron 38 documentos que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión y 6 añadidos de búsquedas relacionales. Se evaluaron 44 estudios con una participación de global de 20.196 estudiantes de MEDICINA. En el 97 % de los casos las metodologías de intervención de reducción de estigma fueron eficaces. Se hallaron 16 tipos de intervenciones diferentes que presentan alta heterogeneidad metodológica. Las intervenciones aplicadas para la reducción del estigma hacia las enfermedades mentales (EM) entre los estudiantes de MEDICINA demuestran efectividad prácticamente en su mayoría. Las prácticas educativas son las más eficaces a largo plazo y junto con la comprensión médica positiva, la búsqueda de ayuda y el contacto experiencial en vivo, se presentan como fuertes estrategias de combate hacia las actitudes estigmatizantes.(AU)


objective of this study is to describe the types and effectiveness of interventions to reduce mental illness-related stigmaamong medical university students through a review of theliterature published from 1997 to 2020. A systematic searchwas carried out in the following databases: PubMed, Web ofScience (WOS) and Cochrane Library, following the PRISMAmethodology. After the search, 87 manuscripts were found.49 documents met the selection criteria, and 6 additional texts were included after a search for related studies. 44studies were assessed, with a global participation of 20.196Medicine students. In 97% of the cases, the methods of intervention for the reduction of stigma towards mental disorders (TM)were effective. 16 different types of interventions were found, with a limited number of methodologies.Teaching practices are the most effective in the long-term,together with a positive medical understanding, the searchfor help and the in vivo experiential contact, which are presented as strong strategies to combat stigmatizing attitudes.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Ciências da Saúde , Saúde Mental , Estigma Social , Estudantes de Medicina , Psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica
10.
Actas esp. psiquiatr ; 50(2): 114-119, Marzo - Abril 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-203158

RESUMO

Introducción. El suicidio es un problema de un gran impacto en la salud pública. Por esta razón, el protocolo del Código de Riesgo Suicidio se desarrolló en Cataluña en 2015. El objetivo de este trabajo es examinar el perfil sociodemográfico y clínico de los pacientes para los que se activó este protocolo entre 2016 y 2017 en nuestra población de referencia. Metodología. Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de datos registrados sobre el Código de Riesgo de Suicidio de nuestra población atendida (n = 246 en 2016 y n = 391 en 2017) en los centros de salud mental de adultos del Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu que han sido previamente atendidos en urgencias de alguno de los hospitales del área de referencia. Resultados. El perfil más frecuente en 2016 y 2017 fue el de una mujer entre 40 y 55 años con acontecimientos vitales estresantes. El método más utilizado fue el abuso de sustancias. Conclusiones. Los datos sugieren que la tarea asistencial debería ajustarse al perfil de mayor riesgo observado para nuestra población de referencia, considerando los acontecimientos vitales estresantes como factor de riesgo significativos que deben ser considerados.(AU)


Introduction. Suicide is an issue with a great impact on public health. For this reason, the Catalonia Suicide Risk Code (CSRC) protocol was developed in 2015. The aim of this paper is to examine the sociodemographic and clinical profile of patients for whom this protocol was activated between 2016 and 2017 in our reference population. Methodology. Retrospective descriptive study of recorded data on Suicide Risk Code of our population attended (n=246 in 2016 and n=391 in 2017) in the mental health outpatient services of the Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu being attended previously in the emergency services of any of the hospitals of reference. Results. The most prevalent profile in both 2016 and 2017 was woman between 40 and 55 years of age with stressful life events. The most prevalent method used was substance abuse. Conclusions. The data suggest that the health care task should be adjusted to the highest risk profile observed in our reference population, considering stressful live events as significant risk factors which should be taken into account.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ciências da Saúde , Suicídio , Tentativa de Suicídio , Prevenção de Doenças , Fatores de Risco , Saúde Mental , Psicologia , Mulheres
12.
Hist Psychol ; 25(1): 91-92, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35113635

RESUMO

Article presents 2021 Society for the History of Psychology award winners. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Psicologia , Sociedades Científicas , História do Século XXI , Psicologia/história , Estados Unidos
13.
J Occup Health Psychol ; 27(1): 1-2, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35143245

RESUMO

In this brief article, the editor of the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology notes that there has been a rapid increase in the visibility of occupational health psychology over the last 25 years, which has seen growing impact and importance of OHP topics. In this time, the nature of work has changed considerably due to significant societal and technological transformations and particularly over the last 2 years as the result of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) global pandemic, which has impacted all of our lives, including our mental health, well-being, and safety in the context of work. The author welcomes the incoming editorial team, thanks members of the outgoing editorial team, and thanks the editorial board for their support as she starts her editorial tenure in 2022. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Medicina do Comportamento , Saúde do Trabalhador , COVID-19 , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Psicologia
14.
Am Psychol ; 77(4): 589-601, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35143234

RESUMO

The report of the American Psychological Association (APA) Task Force on Human Rights proposes a definition of human rights in relation to psychology; reviews the relationship between human rights and the concepts that have historically guided APA (e.g., human welfare, public interest, and social justice); proposes an analytical Five Connections framework that defines the connections between psychology and human rights and uses that framework to review APA's recent and ongoing human rights activities; and makes recommendations for organizational mechanisms that can ensure APA's ongoing and visible commitment to human rights. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Direitos Humanos , Sociedades Científicas , Humanos , Psicologia , Justiça Social
15.
Am J Community Psychol ; 69(3-4): 415-425, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35129851

RESUMO

We reflect on decolonization and in particular the process of decolonizing our own minds. We discuss the need for radical decolonization of psychology and for critique of community psychology's relationship to both psychology and the Academy, noting ways in which community psychology itself becomes appropriated for the colonizing project of the Academy. Using collaborative autoethnography (CAE), a method that involves "collaborative poetics," which chimes with the emphasis on participatory research in community psychology and the decolonialist emphasis on rescuing repressed epistemologies, we review our own careers and identify ways in which our values have been compromised and our work assimilated into wider colonizing and oppressive practices that sustain the modern university. We conclude that community psychology can only decolonize if it is positioned in an agonistic relationship to mainstream psychology and exists as a radical, explicitly political, and ethical practice outside the Academy. The message of the decolonization and disalienation movements is that the biggest barrier to our effectiveness, and to social justice, is the fascism of our minds. Succumbing to the power and privilege embedded in the Academy and the oppressive and colonizing practices that sustain it conflicts with community psychology's purported values.


Assuntos
Academias e Institutos , Justiça Social , Humanos , Psicologia
16.
Med Sci (Paris) ; 38(2): 211-214, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35179477

RESUMO

TITLE: Éléments d'intégrité scientifique à considérer pour limiter les manquements dans la recherche en psychologie. ABSTRACT: La notion de consentement interpelle l'opinion publique, le corps médical, les tribunaux, et les chercheurs tentent d'en discerner les contours, le domaine de la recherche n'en étant pas exclu. En psychologie, les études explorent le fonctionnement de l'être humain et ne peuvent être effectuées sans le consentement du participant. Qu'elle soit conduite sur la population générale ou sur des personnes atteintes de troubles spécifiques, la recherche en psychologie doit intégrer la participation de personnes qui sont explicitement consentantes. Nous explorerons, dans cette revue, les spécificités et les obstacles du recrutement impliquant un consentement libre et éclairé en psychologie. Nous aborderons ensuite les éléments d'intégrité scientifique à considérer, afin de limiter les possibles inconduites scientifiques.


Assuntos
Má Conduta Científica , Ética em Pesquisa , Humanos , Psicologia
17.
Psych J ; 11(1): 126-131, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35182028

RESUMO

Psychology in China has a long past, but a rather short history. Modern psychology was introduced to China in the early 20th century soon, psychology as a scientific discipline was established when the teaching, research, and academic exchanges began. Specifically, applied psychology was established until the last decade of the 20th century; however, the past 30 years have witnessed the fast growth of applied psychology in China. In this article, we briefly introduce the history of psychology in China, its establishment as a discipline and a profession, and present some applications of psychology in the domains of public mental health as well as in educational and organizational settings.


Assuntos
Psicologia Aplicada , Psicologia , China , Humanos , Psicologia/educação , Psicologia/história
18.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0261260, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35226677

RESUMO

The use of Open Science practices is often proposed as a way to improve research practice, especially in psychology. Open Science can increase transparency and therefore reduce questionable research practices, making research more accessible to students, scholars, policy makers, and the public. However, little is known about how widespread Open Science practices are taught and how students are educated about these practices. In addition, it remains unknown how informing students about Open Science actually impacts their understanding and adoption of such practices. This registered report proposes the validation of a questionnaire. The aim is to survey how much psychology students know about Open Science and to assess whether knowledge of and exposure to Open Science in general-be it through university curricula or social media-influences attitudes towards the concept and intentions to implement relevant practices.


Assuntos
Atitude , Conhecimento , Estudantes/psicologia , Currículo , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Psicologia/educação , Mídias Sociais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
19.
Rehabil Psychol ; 67(1): 1-8, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35113640

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Little is known about how psychologists choose their specialty practice area, and rehabilitation psychology is no exception. Specialization and specialty certification in professional psychology have been controversial topics impacting the field during the training sequence and across the span of professional careers (Drum & Blom, 2001; Robiner & Fossum, 2017). The American Board of Rehabilitation Psychology (ABRP) has been providing specialty certification since 1995 and rehabilitation psychology was recognized as a unique specialty in 2015 by the APA's Council for the Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology (CRSPPP). There are limited established training programs and minimal information about the specialty in undergraduate course materials. The current survey is intended to provide information about how people are introduced to the field of rehabilitation psychology, specialty identification, and to identify opportunities for improvement. METHOD: A survey of members of APA Division 22 and ABRP specialists was conducted to collect information about their exposure to and involvement in rehabilitation psychology. RESULTS: Results from 174 respondents suggest that personal relationships are the current key means of recruitment and confirms that rehabilitation psychology has limited presence in undergraduate training. Most professionals come to identify with rehabilitation psychology after training in clinical neuropsychology and health psychology. CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary results suggest that the current generalist training sequence does not provide sufficient exposure to, or preparation for the field of rehabilitation psychology. Recruitment opportunities should emphasize student leadership network activities and the identification of early and midcareer practitioners unaware of the rehabilitation specialty. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Psicologia , Especialização , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Psychol Aging ; 37(1): 125-135, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35113619

RESUMO

Coordinated analysis is a powerful form of integrative analysis, and is well suited in its capacity to promote cumulative scientific knowledge, particularly in subfields of psychology that focus on the processes of lifespan development and aging. Coordinated analysis uses raw data from individual studies to create similar hypothesis tests for a given research question across multiple datasets, thereby making it less vulnerable to common criticisms of meta-analysis such as file drawer effects or publication bias. Coordinated analysis can sometimes use random effects meta-analysis to summarize results, which does not assume a single true effect size for a given statistical test. By fitting parallel models in separate datasets, coordinated analysis preserves the heterogeneity among studies, and provides a window into the generalizability and external validity of a set of results. The current article achieves three goals: First, it describes the phases of a coordinated analysis so that interested researchers can more easily adopt these methods in their labs. Second, it discusses the importance of coordinated analysis within the context of the credibility revolution in psychology. Third, it encourages the use of existing data networks and repositories for conducting coordinated analysis, in order to enhance accessibility and inclusivity. Subfields of research that require time- or resource- intensive data collection, such as longitudinal aging research, would benefit by adopting these methods. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Longevidade , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Psicologia , Viés de Publicação
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