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1.
East Asian Arch Psychiatry ; 30(4): 108-112, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33349617

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To validate the Social Media Disorder scale in Nigerian adolescents by determining its unidimensional structure, reliability, sensitivity, specificity, and criterion validity. METHODS: A total of 516 and 1213 pre-university students in two universities were randomly recruited and assessed using the 9-item Social Media Scale and the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (in the second survey only). RESULTS: 46.3% and 56.3% of respondents in the first and second surveys met the criteria for social media disorder, respectively. Factor loading of items on the latent factor (addiction) was moderate. The model yielded a fairly acceptable fit in both samples. The averaged measure for intra-class correlation was acceptable (0.612). The internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) was good (0.713 for sample 1 and 0.724 for sample 2). The test-retest reliability among the 113 respondents was good (r=0.696, p<0.001). The item-total correlations were all significant. Sensitivity of each item ranged from 67.7% (tolerance) to 91.3% (escape); specificity of each item ranged from 41.2% (escape) to 87.6% (displacement). For criterion validity, the total Social Media Disorder scale score correlated with General Health Questionnaire items that assess self-esteem, depression, and mood, as well as the total score. CONCLUSION: The 9-item Social Media Disorder scale is acceptable for screening social media disorder in pre-university students in Nigeria. The high prevalence of social media disorder should be of concern to counsellors, teachers, and mental health practitioners. Strategies for public health education on social media use are needed in Nigeria.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo/diagnóstico , Psicometria/normas , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigéria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
2.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 170: 108485, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035596

RESUMO

AIMS: To test the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Insulin Treatment Appraisal Scale (ITAS) questionnaire in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: A total of 200 patients with T2DM were consecutively recruited from the outpatient clinic in Taiwan. The World Health Organization guideline was followed to translate the questionnaire. The internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach's α coefficient and item-total correlations. The construct validity was evaluated by using confirmatory factor analysis, convergent validity, and discriminate validity. RESULTS: The Cronbach's α coefficient for estimates of internal consistency of the total scale was 0.72, and ranged from 0.76 to 0.77 for the subscales. A value of ≥0.40 was considered being substantial. The item-total correlation values were 14 out of 20 items having substantial correlations (4 out of 4 items on the positive appraisal scale and 10 out of 16 items on the negative appraisal scale). The confirmatory factor analysis confirmed both positive and negative factors with total explained variance 33.9% (12.2% for positive subscale and 21.7% for negative subscale). The success rate, calculated from the item-total correlation values, was 70% for the convergent validity (100% for positive subscale and 63% for negative subscale) and 90% for discriminate validity (100% for positive subscale and 88% for negative subscale), respectively. Both the ceiling effect and floor effect were 0%. CONCLUSIONS: The Chinese version of the ITAS questionnaire is a valid and reliable instrument for measuring the perceptions of insulin injection in patients with T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/psicologia , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Idoso , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Taiwan , Tradução , Organização Mundial da Saúde
3.
J Psychosom Res ; 139: 110271, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096402

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Fear associated with medical vulnerability should be considered when assessing mental health among individuals with chronic medical conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective was to develop and validate the COVID-19 Fears Questionnaire for Chronic Medical Conditions. METHODS: Fifteen initial items were generated based on suggestions from 121 people with the chronic autoimmune disease systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma). Patients in a COVID-19 SSc cohort completed items between April 9 and 27, 2020. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and item analysis were used to select items for inclusion. Cronbach's alpha and Pearson correlations were used to evaluate internal consistency reliability and convergent validity. Factor structure was confirmed with confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in follow-up data collection two weeks later. RESULTS: 787 participants completed baseline measures; 563 of them completed the follow-up assessment. Ten of 15 initial items were included in the final questionnaire. EFA suggested that a single dimension explained the data reasonably well. There were no indications of floor or ceiling effects. Cronbach's alpha was 0.91. Correlations between the COVID-19 Fears Questionnaire and measures of anxiety (r = 0.53), depressive symptoms (r = 0.44), and perceived stress (r = 0.50) supported construct validity. CFA supported the single-factor structure (χ2(35) = 311.2, p < 0.001, Tucker-Lewis Index = 0.97, Comparative Fit Index = 0.96, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation = 0.12). CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 Fears Questionnaire for Chronic Medical Conditions can be used to assess fear among people at risk due to pre-existing medical conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Medo/psicologia , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/normas , Escleroderma Sistêmico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/métodos , Psicometria/métodos , Psicometria/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia
4.
J Fr Ophtalmol ; 43(10): e341-e350, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020020

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Handicap evaluation in adults with acquired or progressive congenital visual loss allows for identification of the individual's specific needs and targeted therapy (medical, technical, rehabilitative and psychological). Currently, the subjective dimension of the handicap remains poorly explored in the field of visual loss. Our questionnaire aims to understand the whole of these subjective impacts. It differs from existing quality of life scales in ophthalmology in its approach centered on the process of adaptation, individual resources (technical, cognitive, psychic and environmental), and investigation of the perception of the handicap. The goal of the present study is to validate this questionnaire, which could be used in any adult with a visual handicap, regardless of the extent of the visual loss, its etiology, or the type of treatment or compensatory mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Assessment Questionnaire on the Perception of and Adaptation to Visual Handicap in Adults (QUEPAHVA) is composed of 28 items relating to perception of the visual impairment, its impact, and adaptive resources. They are divided into 3 sub-categories: Perception of daily life and relationships (10 items), Perception of visual status and compensatory mechanisms (8 items), and Psychological impact of the visual handicap (10 items). The responses are graded on a Likert scale. Factor analysis and verification of psychometric qualities were performed based on the responses of 446 subjects. The discriminatory validity of the NEI-VFQ 25 was proven with 99 subjects. Reliability over time (mean interval between T1 and T2=49.43 days) was measured in 31 subjects. Sensitivity to change between pre- and post-management (mean interval between T1 and T2=410 days) was tested in 123 subjects. RESULTS: Internal consistency was very good for the global scale (α=.90) as well as for the 3 sub-dimensions (α=.86; α=.79; α=.80). The discriminatory validity was satisfactory (r=.70). This result had to be interpreted as a function of the qualitative specificity of the questionnaire. The questionnaire enjoyed good reproducibility over time with regard to its total score and relatively satisfactory reproducibility with regard to its sub-dimensions. Sensitivity to change was very high and accounted for adaptations to the disability over time. CONCLUSION: The QUEPAHVA displays good psychometric qualities. It constitutes a new means of evaluation. Its potential applications are many. It permits evaluation of the needs of the individual and adaptation of the protocol of care. Its use in institutions may support a step forward in the science of evaluation and continued improvement in quality of care.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica/fisiologia , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Percepção , Psicometria/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Transtornos da Visão/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comportamento , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/normas , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Transtornos da Visão/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
5.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240167, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, is considered as risk factor for the development of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. However, dynamics of cognitive functions are subtle, and neurocognitive assessments largely differ in detecting these changes. We aimed to develop and evaluate a score which represents the common aspects of the cognitive functions measured by validated tests (i.e., "general cognitive construct"), while reducing overlap between tests and be more sensitive to identify changes in overall cognitive functioning. METHODS: We developed the CoCo (cognitive construct) score to reflect the cognitive performance obtained by all items of four neurocognitive assessments (Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA); Trail Making Test; Semantic Fluency, animals; Digital Symbol Substitution Test). The sample comprised 2,415 AF patients from the Swiss Atrial Fibrillation Cohort Study (Swiss-AF), 87% aged at least 65 years. Psychometric statistics were calculated for two cognitive measures based on (i) the full set of items from the neurocognitive test battery administered in the Swiss-AF study (i.e., CoCo item set) and (ii) the items from the widely used MoCA test. For the CoCo item set, a factor score was derived based on a principal component analysis, and its measurement properties were analyzed. RESULTS: Both the MoCA item set and the full neurocognitive test battery revealed good psychometric properties, especially the full battery. A one-factor model with good model fit and performance across time and groups was identified and used to generate the CoCo score, reflecting for each patient the common cognitive skill performance measured across the full neurocognitive test battery. The CoCo score showed larger effect sizes compared to the MoCA score in relation to relevant clinical variables. CONCLUSION: The derived factor score allows summarizing AF patients' cognitive performance as a single score. Using this score in the Swiss-AF project increases measurement sensitivity and decreases the number of statistical tests needed, which will be helpful in future studies addressing how AF affects the risk of developing cognitive impairment.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Testes Neuropsicológicos/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria/métodos , Psicometria/normas
6.
An. psicol ; 36(2): 370-377, mayo 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Political Skills Inventory (PSI) is a measurement tool for assessing four dimensions associated with political skills: social astuteness, interpersonal influence, networking ability and apparent sincerity (Ferris, 2005). METHOD: In the present study, multi-sample and multi-method, we developed and analyzed the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the (PSI), by performing both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Additionally, a longitudinal reliability test and a sex factorial invariance test were performed. RESULTS: Cronbach's alpha and omega indices revealed satisfactory reliability and exploratory factor analyses extracted the four original factors as reported in other studies (N = 309). Confirmatory factorial analyses confirmed that the four-factor solution presented the best fit to our data (N = 248). CONCLUSIONS: We add new evidence for time and sex invariance of the measure, showing that the PSI can be considered a stable and valid measure over time and across sex


INTRODUCCIÓN: El inventario de habilidades políticas (PSI, siglas en inglés) es una medida para calibrar cuatro dimensiones relacionadas con es-te constructo: la astucia social, la capacidad de influencia interpersonal, la habilidad para establecer contactos y la sinceridad aparente (Ferris, David-son & Perrewé, 2005). MÉTODO: En el presente estudio, multi-muestra y multimétodo, sendos análisis factorial exploratorio y confirmatorio se han llevado a cabo sobre dos muestras, una primera compuesta por trabajadores de varios ramos (recogido en tres etapas, con una edad media comprendida entre 43.66 y 44.70 años, DT = 9.42 - 10.22, y un porcentaje de mujeres entre 57.3 - 58.4%) y una segunda por trabajadores del sector salud (Mage = 35.56, SD = 7.23; 80.6% women), para desarrollar y testar las propiedades psicométricas de la versión española del PSI. Adicionalmente, se llevó a cabo una prueba de fiabilidad longitudinal y un análisis de invarianza relativo al género. RESULTADOS: Los índices alpha de Cronbach (cuyos valores oscilaron entre 0.83-0.90 en nuestros datos, y entre 0.73-0.87 en la versión original) y omega (0.85 para el total de la escala) revelaron un grado de fiabilidad satisfactoria. El análisis factorial exploratorio extrajo los cuatro factores de la versión original, tal y como ya ha sido reportado en otros estudios (N = 309). El análisis factorial confirmatorio confirmó que el ajuste de dicha estructura fue el mejor frente a los datos (N = 248). CONCLUSIONES: Con este estudio se añade evidencia al estudio de la invarianza de género y la estabilidad temporal de esta medida, mostrando que la versión española del PSI puede ser considerada una medida estable y válida a través del tiempo y relativa al género


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Inventário de Personalidade/normas , Aptidão , Política , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/normas , Análise Fatorial , Inquéritos e Questionários , 16054/psicologia , Traduções , Avaliação de Desempenho Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Poder Psicológico
7.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 312, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A valid measure to describe the most important needs and concerns of people with life-threatening illnesses is missing in Cyprus. Our aim was to adapt and test the cross-cultural validity and responsiveness of the Integrated Palliative care Outcome Scale (IPOS) in a cohort of Turkish speaking cancer patients. METHODS: The IPOS (English) patient-reported measure was translated into Turkish following published guidelines including, 2 independent forward, 2 independent blind backward translations, expert panel review by 7 members and field testing with 11 cognitive interviews (5 patients and 6 specialists) and final approval of the copyright holder. Consecutive cancer patients (n = 234) seen by the community palliative care services were recruited from Help Those with Cancer Society (KHYD); of those 82 were followed-up. The instrument was administered by personal interview. Confirmatory Factor Analysis was used to validate the factor structure of Turkish IPOS. Internal consistency reliability of the subscales was evaluated by Cronbach's alpha and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient respectively. Validity was assessed by calculating Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) between Turkish IPOS scores and Turkish version of EQ-5D-3L - a validated generic measure of health status developed by the EuroQol Group. RESULTS: Turkish IPOS is conceptually and semantically equivalent to the English version and linguistically valid. The CFA was inconclusive for the three factor structure due to low sample size, as the SRMR and CFI tests only approached the defined minimums warranting further investigation. There were low levels of missing values, and no ceiling or floor effects. The Physical (α = 0.91) and the Social and Quality of Care Issues (α = 0.75) sub-scales showed good internal consistencies, however Emotional sub-scale showed poor internal consistency (α = 0.64). The reliability of the Physical (ICC = 0.51, 0.45-0.56 95% CI) and Social Quality of Care Issues (ICC = 0.50, 0.42-0.57 95% CI) were moderate. Poor internal consistency (α =0.64) and reliability (ICC = 0.31, 0.24-0.39, 95% CI) was obtained for Emotional Subscale. Construct validity was evidenced through significant correlations in the predicted directions and strength with EQ-5D. Turkish IPOS showed higher needs and concerns in participants at more advanced stages than those at earlier stages of cancer. The standardized response mean (SRM) of - 0.94 suggested large internal responsiveness to clinical change. CONCLUSION: Turkish IPOS is a clear, relevant, acceptable measure and responsive to the needs and concerns of cancer patients, observing regional differences, it may have implications for use in other Turkish speaking communities. Future studies are needed to clarify the factor structure, assess its external responsiveness and to improve the properties of its Emotional subscale.


Assuntos
Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/normas , Psicometria/normas , Idoso , Comparação Transcultural , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/psicologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Traduções
8.
BMC Neurol ; 20(1): 346, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurologists play an essential role in facilitating the patient's process of living with Parkinson's disease (PD). The Living with Chronic Illness Scale-PD (LW-CI-PD) is a unique available clinical tool that evaluates how the patient is living with PD. The objective of the study was to analyse the LW-CI-PD properties according to the Rasch model. METHODS: An open, international, cross-sectional study was carried out in 324 patients with Parkinson's disease from four Latin American countries and Spain. Psychometric properties of the LW-CI-PD were tested using Rasch analysis: fit to the Rasch model, item local independency, unidimensionality, reliability, and differential item functioning by age and gender. RESULTS: Original LW-CI-PD do not fit Rasch model. Modifications emerged included simplifying the response scale and deleting misfit items, the dimensions Acceptance, Coping and Integration showed a satisfactory fit to the Rasch model, with reliability indices greater than 0.70. The dimensions Self-management and Adjustment to the disease did not reach fit to the Rasch model. CONCLUSION: Suggestions for improving the LW-CI-PD include a multidimensional and shorter scale with 12 items grouped in three subscales with a simpler response scheme. The final LW-CI-PD Scale version is a reliable scale, with good internal construct validity, that provides Rasch transformed results on linear metric scale.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Psicometria , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , América Latina , Doença de Parkinson/classificação , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Doença de Parkinson/fisiopatologia , Doença de Parkinson/terapia , Psicometria/métodos , Psicometria/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espanha
9.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239420, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32946532

RESUMO

Tablet-adapted measures provide an efficient, accurate method of data collection for large-scale studies. The Castles and Coltheart Reading Test 2 (CC2) is a standardized paper-and-pencil measure of children's reading ability. In the current study, the CC2 was administered to 603 children aged 7-8 years via iPad using electronic data capture software. Results indicate the tablet-adapted measure could be reliably administered by non-clinical staff and showed quantitative equivalence, i.e., comparable score distributions, to CC2 normative data. Internal consistency was good for regular and non-word lists. Findings suggest that the tablet-adapted CC2 is a viable tool for large research studies.


Assuntos
Psicometria/métodos , Leitura , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Psicometria/normas , Padrões de Referência , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239186, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Stigma Scale of the Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC-SS) is a useful option to investigate leprosy-related stigma, but its psychometric qualities are unknown in Brazil. This study investigated the factor structure, the convergent and known-groups validity, and the reliability of the EMIC-SS for Brazilians affected by leprosy. METHODOLOGY: The Brazilian Portuguese version of the EMIC-SS was validated in 180 persons affected by leprosy at a Reference Center in Rio de Janeiro. Confirmatory factorial analysis (CFA) and Cronbach alpha were used to assess the EMIC-SS internal consistency. The Construct validity was tested using Spearman Correlation, Kruskal-Wallis, and Mann-Whitney tests comparing with the Participation Scale, Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and a Sociodemographic Questionnaire. Test-retest reliability was evaluated with intra-class correlation (ICC). MAIN FINDINGS: CFA confirmed the one- and two-dimensional models of the scale after retaining 12 of the 15 EMIC-SS items. The 12-item EMIC-SS was consistent (α = 0.78) and reproducible (ICC = 0.751, 95% Confidence Interval = 0.657-0.822, p < 0.0001). A significant correlation was observed between the EMIC-SS and the other scales confirming convergent validity. The EMIC-SS and its factors were able to differentiate several hypothesized groups (age, change of occupation, monthly family income, communicating others about the disease, and perception of difficulty to follow treatment) confirming the scale known-groups validity, both in its one and two-dimensional models. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our study found support for the construct validity and reliability of the EMIC-SS as a measure of stigma experienced by people affected by leprosy in Brazil. However, future studies are necessary in other samples and populations with stigmatizing conditions to determine the optimal factor structure and to strengthen the indications of the validated scale.


Assuntos
Hanseníase/psicologia , Estigma Social , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Características Culturais , Feminino , Humanos , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/métodos , Psicometria/normas , Fatores Socioeconômicos
11.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239014, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941464

RESUMO

The Educational Practices Questionnaire is an instrument for assessing students perceptions of best educational practices in simulation. As for other countries, in Spain, it is necessary to have validated rubrics to measure the effects of simulation. The objective of this study was to carry out a translation and cultural adaptation of the Educational Practices Questionnaire into Spanish and analyze its reliability and validity. The study was carried out in two phases: (1) adaptation of the questionnaire into Spanish. (2) Cross-sectional study in a sample of 626 nursing students. Psychometric properties were analyzed in terms of reliability and construct validity by confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that the one-dimensional model is acceptable for both scales (presence and importance). The results show that the participants' scores can be calculated and interpreted for the general factor and also for the four subscales. Cronbach's alpha and the Omega Index were also suitable for all the scales and for each of the dimensions. The Educational Practices Questionnaire is a simple and easy-to-administer tool to measure how nursing degree students perceive the presence and importance of best educational practices.


Assuntos
Educação em Enfermagem/métodos , Psicometria/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espanha , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Traduções
12.
Ideggyogy Sz ; 73(7-08): 231-240, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32750239

RESUMO

Background - The two free-to-use versions of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) have been increasingly utilised to assess the prevalence of burnout among human service workers. The OLBI has been developed to overcome some of the psychometric and conceptual limitations of the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the gold standard of burnout measures. There is a lack of data on the structural validity of the Mini Oldenburg Burnout Inventory and the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory in Hungary. Purpose - To assess the structural validity of the Hungarian versions of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory and the Mini-Oldenburg Burnout Inventory. Methods - We enrolled 564 participants (196 healthcare workers, 104 nurses and 264 clinicians) in three cross-sectional surveys. In our analysis we assessed the construct validity of the instruments using confirmatory factor analysis and internal consistency using coefficient Cronbach's α. Results - We confirmed the two-dimensional structure (exhaustion and disengagement) of the Mini-Oldenburg Inventory and a shortened version of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory Internal consistency coefficient confirmed the reliability of the instruments. The burnout appeared more than a 50 percent of the participants in every subsample. The prevalence of exhaustion was above 54.5% in each of the subsamples and the proportion of disengaged clinicians was particularly high (92%). Conclusions - Our findings provide support for the construct validity and reliability of the Hungarian versions of the Mini-Oldenburg Burnout Inventory and a shortened version of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory in the assessment of burnout among clinicians and nurses in Hungary.


Assuntos
Pessoal Administrativo/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Psicológico , Psicometria/métodos , Psicometria/normas , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Hungria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(32): e21607, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769917

RESUMO

Job-related stress had adverse effects on both patients and community nurses. To evaluate stress, an effective and reliable instrument was needed. The aim of this study was to develop a short-form Chinese Community Nurse Stress Scale and examine its psychometric properties.A cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 969 community nurses were selected from 56 community centers/stations in Sichuan Province. The socio-demographic data and job stress assessed by the Chinese Community Nurse Stress Scale (CNSS) were collected. After randomly splitting the sample into group 1 and group 2, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis were carried out to shorten the scale and test its reliability and construct validity.There were no significant differences in socio-demographic variables between group 1 (n = 488) and group 2 (n = 481). During exploratory factor analysis, 4 factors were selected, including management and interpersonal relationships (8 items), patient care (7 items), environment and resources of work (6 items), and career promotion (4 items), which explained 62.66% of all variance. Cronbachs α coefficient of the short-form CNSS was 0.94, and the cross-sample validity test supported the best fit model for this 25-item CNSS.The results in this study supported that the 25-item CNSS had a good reliability and validity when it was administrated to Chinese community nurses.


Assuntos
Enfermeiros de Saúde Comunitária/psicologia , Psicometria/normas , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiros de Saúde Comunitária/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/normas
14.
Psychiatry Res ; 292: 113313, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738552

RESUMO

Psychopathology research has increasingly sought to study the etiology and treatment of individual symptoms, rather than categorical diagnoses. However, it is unclear whether commonly used measures have adequate psychometric properties for assessing individual symptoms. This study examined the test-retest reliability and familial concordance (an indicator of validity) of the symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), a disorder consisting of nine core symptoms, most of which are aggregated (e.g., symptom 7 of the DSM criteria for MDD is worthlessness or guilt). Lifetime MDD symptoms were measured in 504 young adults (237 sibling pairs) using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5 (SCID). Fifty-one people completed a second SCID within three weeks of their first SCID. Results indicated that aggregated and unaggregated symptoms demonstrated moderate to substantial test-retest reliability and generally significant, but slight to fair familial concordance (with the highest familial concordance being for markedly diminished interest or pleasure and its unaggregated components - decreased interest and decreased pleasure). Given the increasing focus on the differential validity of individual MDD symptoms, the present study suggests that interview-based assessments of depression can assess most individual symptoms with adequate levels of reliability and validity.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/genética , Entrevista Psicológica/normas , Psicometria/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevista Psicológica/métodos , Masculino , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Community Psychol ; 48(8): 2608-2624, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32845013

RESUMO

Resilience is a broad concept that encompasses individual and social resources to thrive from difficult circumstances. The resilience that occurs as a collective effort or country-wide phenomenon is referred to as national resilience (NR), which connotes the ability of a nation to deal with crises while keeping its social fabric intact. Like the rest of the world, the Philippines has been greatly impacted by the coronavirus pandemic and we argue that a stable and robust NR is needed to bounce back from the challenges and adversities of the crisis. This pioneering study on NR in Filipino adults was conducted to achieve two aims (1) assess the psychometric properties of the Filipino adapted National Resilience Scale (NRS-Filipino) and (2) determine demographic and psychological variables that influence NR. Data from 401 participants yielded an exploratory factor analysis with a good model fit for a four-factor solution that is similar to the original National Resilience Assessment Scale. NRS-Filipino also demonstrated acceptable reliability and convergent validity. Among the variables purported to be associated with NR, community resilience, and political attitude came out as strong predictors.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia , Psicometria/normas , Resiliência Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Filipinas/etnologia , Psicometria/instrumentação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
16.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237171, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a need for reliable and validated tools to identify, classify, and quantify vaccine-hesitancy in low and middle-income countries, such as Sudan. We evaluated the psychometric properties of an adapted version of the measles vaccine hesitancy scale by assessing its reliability, convergent validity, and criterion validity in Sudan. The vaccine hesitancy scale (VHS) was originally developed by the WHO/SAGE Working Group of Vaccine Hesitancy. METHODS: A community-based survey among parents was conducted in February 2019 in Khartoum state. We conducted exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis to examine the structure of the adapted measles VHS (aMVHS). We computed Cronbach's alphas, correlations with other vaccine hesitancy measurements including the Parental Attitude towards Childhood Vaccination (PACV) and the Vaccine Confidence Index (VCI), and performed a Mann-Whitney U test for assessing the reliability and the convergent and criterion validity, respectively. Moreover, to examine whether the aMVHS can predict the child's vaccination status, the area under the curve (AUC) was estimated using receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves. RESULTS: The questionnaire was completed by 500 parents. Most were women (87.2%) between the ages of 20 and 47 (M = 31.15, SD = 5.74). The factor analyses indicated that the aMVHS comprises of two factors (sub-scales): 'confidence' and 'complacency'. The aMVHS sub-scales correlated weakly to moderately with the PACV and VCI scales. The area under the curve was 0.499 at most (P >0.05) and the aMVHS score did hardly differ between actually vaccinated and non-vaccinated children. CONCLUSION: Our findings underscore that the aMVHS and its confidence and complacency sub-scales are reliable and have a moderately good convergent validity. However, the aMVHS has a limitation in predicting the concurrent child's vaccination status. More work is needed to revise and amend this aMVHS, particularly by additionally including the 'convenience' construct and by further evaluating its validity in other contexts.


Assuntos
Vacina contra Sarampo/uso terapêutico , Sarampo/prevenção & controle , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Vacinação/psicologia , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sarampo/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pais/psicologia , Psicometria/normas , Sudão
17.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237038, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We conducted three studies to validate the Polish version of the BRS. Our objectives are as follows: first, to explore the dimensional structure of the scale and to determine the internal consistency (study 1: n = 1022); second, to determine the congruent and divergent validity of the BRS (study 2: n = 242); and third, to examine sensitivity of the BRS scale to detect high-risk population (study 3: n = 602). METHODS: To explore the dimensional structure of the scale, we tested a two-factor model with one factor for positively worded items and one factor for negatively worded items. To determine the congruent and divergent validity of the BRS, we analysed correlations among BRS and resilience, positive mental health, and with positive and negative religious coping. We used Student's t-test to examine sensitivity of the BRS scale to detect a high-risk population. RESULTS: Based on the CFA, a bivariate model was confirmed for items positively and negatively formulated with a higher order factor, which indicates the homogeneity of the scale, similar to the analyses carried out for their language versions confirming this type of homogeneity of the scale. The internal compatibility assessment based on Cronbach's Alpha and McDonald's Omega is good (0.88). Our analyses intended to test convergent and divergent validity, and showed that the BRS results are significantly related to a questionnaire measuring similar constructions. Our validation studies also provided important diagnoses regarding BRS "sensitivity", indicating that groups with higher stress levels achieved lower BRS resilience results. CONCLUSION: The results of our research indicate that the Polish version of the BRS should be considered to be a reliable and valid research tool. The Polish version of BRS is a reliable and accurate way of measuring resilience as the ability to bounce back from adversity and overcome various challenges or stressors. This scale may be used for both research and intervention purposes.


Assuntos
Testes Neuropsicológicos/normas , Psicometria/métodos , Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia , Adulto , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia , Psicometria/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resiliência Psicológica , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Psychiatry Res ; 291: 113300, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763554

RESUMO

The purpose of the study was to examine the internal consistency and validity of the 21-item Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and without intellectual disability (IQ >= 70). Participants (NN = 123) were consecutively recruited from the Brain and Mind Centre in New South Wales, Australia. Internal consistency was determined using Cronbach's alpha. Item-total correlations were evaluated by Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient. The convergent validity of the DASS-21 was examined by measuring its associations with quality of life and other measures of depression and anxiety. Factorial validity was assessed using confirmatory factor analysis. The DASS-21 demonstrated good internal consistency, adequate convergent validity, and all items exhibited satisfactory item-total correlations. Considering fit indices and factor loadings, the confirmatory factor analysis results provided support for the original 3-factor oblique model consisting of depression, anxiety, and stress factors. The model fit could be further improved with some modifications. Overall, the results indicate that the DASS-21 is a viable self-report screening measure for depression, anxiety, and stress in individuals with ASD and without intellectual disability.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Depressão/diagnóstico , Psicometria/normas , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/epidemiologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , New South Wales/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autorrelato/normas , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 208, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32605649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Against a backdrop of population aging and improving survival rates for chronic noncommunicable diseases (CNCD), researchers are placing growing emphasis on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim of this study was to identify the QoL assessment instruments used in population-based studies with adults conducted around the world. METHODS: A systematic review of original research published in all languages between 2008 and 2018 was conducted. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were excluded. RESULTS: Sixty-three articles (38.1% conducted in the Americas) fitted the eligibility criteria. Based on the AHRQ checklist for cross-sectional studies and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for cohort studies, methodological quality was shown to be fair in the majority of studies (55.6%) and good in 44.4%. The country with the highest number of publications was Brazil (20.6%). Twelve types of generic instruments and 11 specific instruments were identified. The generic instrument SF-36 was the most frequently used measure (33.3% of studies). In-home interviewing was exclusively used by 47.6% of the studies, while 39 studies (61.9%) reported the use of self-administered questionnaires. Over two-thirds of the studies (34.9%) used questionnaires to investigate the association between chronic diseases and/or associated factors. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that the wide range of instruments and modes of questionnaire administration used by the studies may hinder comparisons between population groups with the same characteristics or needs. There is a lack of research on QoL and the factors affecting productive capacity. Studies of QoL in older persons should focus not only on the effects of disease and treatment, but also on the determinants of active aging and actions designed to promote it. Further research is recommended to determine which QoL instruments are best suited for population-based studies.


Assuntos
Estudos Transversais/normas , Psicometria/instrumentação , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
J Fr Ophtalmol ; 43(8): 742-752, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32653097

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the ARAMAV 13-30 questionnaire, a new autonomy and quality of life questionnaire developed for visually impaired patients. METHODS: We carried out a single-center prospective study at the ARAMAV institute in collaboration with the University Hospital of Nîmes. The patients included were admitted for low vision rehabilitation. Each patient received an occupational therapy assessment, the Short Forms 36 (SF36) quality of life questionnaire and the ARAMAV 13-30 questionnaire at the start and at the end of rehabilitation. We verified the reproducibility, the sensitivity to change, and internal and external consistency of the questionnaire. RESULTS: We included 231 patients over a period of 4 years. All the patients were blind or visually impaired. We observed excellent intra- and interuser reproducibility of the questionnaire, with a Lin coefficient>0.9 (0.99 and 0.91, respectively). By comparing the variations of the different scores between before and after low vision rehabilitation, we observed excellent sensitivity to change for both the autonomy and quality of life portions of the questionnaire. Finally, we observed excellent internal and external consistency. CONCLUSION: We therefore propose the ARAMAV 13-30 questionnaire as a new tool in evaluating autonomy and quality of life specifically in visually impaired patients, which may also be used to assess the effect of low vision rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Autonomia Pessoal , Psicometria/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cegueira/epidemiologia , Cegueira/psicologia , Cegueira/reabilitação , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação Pessoal , Psicometria/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Baixa Visão/epidemiologia , Baixa Visão/psicologia , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual/psicologia , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual/reabilitação , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual/estatística & dados numéricos
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