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2.
PLoS One ; 17(1): e0261617, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34986180

RESUMO

The idea of Happiness at Work is drawn from psychology and economic studies. It is often considered as a synonym with 'wellbeing' and defined as a state characterized by a high level of life satisfaction, a high level of positive emotions, and less negative emotions. This research aims to validate the Happiness at Work scale in the Indonesian context. In this study, the researchers conducted cross-cultural adaptation for the Happiness at Work scale following systematic procedures to produce the Scale of Happiness at Work in the Indonesian language. Afterward, the researchers evaluated the content validity with the help of professional judgment and measured the Content Validity Index at the item level and the scale level. Further, to examine the psychometric properties of the Happiness at Work scale, the researchers administer the questionnaire to a sample of 105 (35 male and 70 female) lecturers to conduct exploratory factor analysis to formulate the new dimensionality of the Happiness at Work scale. The results of Exploratory Factor Analysis indicated that Happiness at Work in the Indonesian context could be measured using four dimensions. To confirm that the extracted dimensions measure a single construct, the researchers administered the produced version to a sample of 370 (147 male and 223 female). Afterward, researchers conducted confirmatory factor analysis to evaluate the validity and reliability of the measurement model. This research found out that the Indonesian version of Happiness at Work measurement is reliable and valid. Thus, this study may contribute to the happiness at work literature of non-western context. In conclusion, the Indonesian-Happiness at Work scale shows robust psychometric properties that can be used for further research.


Assuntos
Satisfação no Emprego , Psicometria/métodos , Adulto , Comparação Transcultural , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Felicidade , Humanos , Indonésia , Idioma , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Phys Ther ; 102(2)2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022785

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop screening measures using item response theory (IRT) for 2 factors highly relevant to fear of movement (FoM): fear avoidance and negative pain coping. METHODS: A total of 431 patients with neck (n = 93), shoulder (n = 108), low back (n = 119), or knee (n = 111) conditions seeking physical therapy completed 8 validated psychological questionnaires measuring fear avoidance and negative pain coping, resulting in 97 candidate items for IRT analysis. Unidimensionality and local independence were assessed using exploratory factor analyses followed by confirmatory factor analyses. Items were assessed for model fit to the graded response model for ordinal items. Using the final item bank, a computer adaptive test (CAT) administration mode was constructed, and reduced item sets were selected to create short forms (SFs), including items with highest information (reliability) at the different levels of the trait being measured while also considering clinical content. RESULTS: The results supported a 28-item bank for fear avoidance and 16-item bank for negative pain coping. A 10-item and 8-item SF were developed for fear avoidance and negative pain coping, respectively. Additionally, 4-item form versions were created to provide options with lower administrative burden. CAT administration used a mean (median) of 7.7 (8) and 7.0 (7) items for fear avoidance and negative pain coping, respectively. All factors demonstrated construct validity by discriminating patient groups in expected clinical patterns. CONCLUSION: These newly derived SFs and CAT administration modes provide reliable, valid, and efficient options to screen for fear avoidance and negative pain coping in populations with musculoskeletal pain. IMPACT: These tools, collectively referred to as the Screening for Pain Vulnerability and Resilience tools, address a critical need for standard FoM screening processes that aid in clinical decision-making to identify who might benefit from psychologically informed approaches.


Assuntos
Medo/psicologia , Dor Musculoesquelética/psicologia , Transtornos Fóbicos/diagnóstico , Psicometria/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Aprendizagem da Esquiva , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dor Musculoesquelética/reabilitação , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Pacientes Ambulatoriais/psicologia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
4.
Dev Med Child Neurol ; 64(3): 323-330, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427344

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the psychometric properties of a 4-minute assessment designed to identify early autism spectrum disorder (ASD) status through evaluation of early social responsiveness (ESR). METHOD: This retrospective, preliminary study included children between 13 and 24 months (78 males, 79 females mean age 19.4mo, SD 3.1) from two independent data sets (an experimental/training sample [n=120] and a validation/test sample [n=37]). The ESR assessment examined social behaviors (e.g. eye contact, smiling, ease-of-social-engagement) across five common play activities (e.g. rolling a ball, looking at a book). Data analyses examined reliability and accuracy of the assessment in identifying ESR abilities and in discriminating children with and without ASD. RESULTS: Results indicated adequate internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the ESR assessment. Receiver operator curve analysis identified a cutoff score that discriminated infants with ASD-risk from peers in the training sample. This score yielded moderate sensitivity and high specificity for best-estimate ASD diagnosis in the validation sample. INTERPRETATION: Preliminary findings indicated that brief, systematic observation of ESR may assist in discriminating infants with and without ASD, providing concrete evidence to validate or supplement parents', pediatricians', or clinicians' concerns. Future studies could examine the utility of ESR 'growth curves'.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia , Testes Neuropsicológicos/normas , Psicometria/normas , Comportamento Social , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Jogos e Brinquedos , Psicometria/instrumentação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Risco
5.
J Pain ; 23(2): 276-288, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461307

RESUMO

Multisensory sensitivity (MSS), observed in some chronic pain patients, may reflect a generalized central nervous system sensitivity. While several surveys measure aspects of MSS, there remains no gold standard. We explored the underlying constructs of 4 MSS-related surveys (80 items in total) using factor analyses using REDCap surveys (N = 614, 58.7% with pain). Four core- and 6 associated-MSS factors were identified from the items assessed. None of these surveys addressed all major sensory systems and most included additional related constructs. A revised version of the Somatosensory Amplification Scale was developed, encompassing 5 core MSS systems: vision, hearing, smell, tactile, and internal bodily sensations: the 12-item Multisensory Amplification Scale (MSAS). The MSAS demonstrated good internal consistency (alpha = 0.82), test-retest reliability (ICC3,1 = 0.90), and construct validity in the original and in a new, separate cohort (R = 0.54-0.79, P < .0001). Further, the odds of having pain were 2-3.5 times higher in the highest sex-specific MSAS quartile relative to the lowest MSAS quartile, after adjusting for age, sex, BMI, and pain schema (P < .03). The MSAS provides a psychometrically comprehensive, brief, and promising tool for measuring the core-dimensions of MSS. PERSPECTIVE: Multiple multisensory sensitivity (MSS) tools are used, but without exploration of their underlying domains. We found several measures lacking core MSS domains, thus we modified an existing scale to encompass 5 core MSS domains: light, smell, sound, tactile, and internal bodily sensations using only 12 items, with good psychometric properties.


Assuntos
Sensibilização do Sistema Nervoso Central , Dor Crônica/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Percepção/diagnóstico , Psicometria/normas , Transtornos das Sensações/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sensibilização do Sistema Nervoso Central/fisiologia , Dor Crônica/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos da Percepção/etiologia , Psicometria/instrumentação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Transtornos das Sensações/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Invest Dermatol ; 142(2): 343-354, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339743

RESUMO

This systematic review aims to provide an update on measurement properties of patient-reported outcome measures for pruritus. A Medline literature search was conducted to update the systematic review published in this journal in 2017 and to identify new validation studies published between October 2015 and July 2019. The methodological quality of validation studies was assessed on the basis of the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health status Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) checklist, and the measurement properties of patient-reported outcome measures were evaluated. A total of 19 new studies were included and added to the 22 studies identified in the previously published review. Evidence from all the 41 studies evaluating 38 different measures was summarized. Outcome measures were mapped to one of three constructs where possible: pruritus intensity, pruritus severity, pruritus-specific health-related QOL. COSMIN rating revealed mixed results, with deficiencies in the methodological quality of many studies across all constructs. The most appropriate pruritus severity measure was the Itch Severity Scale. ItchyQoL and the disease-specific Uremic Pruritus in Dialysis Scale achieved the most promising results considering the construct pruritus-specific health-related QOL. For pruritus intensity, nine measures performed similarly well.


Assuntos
Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Prurido/diagnóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Consenso , Dermatologia/métodos , Dermatologia/normas , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Prurido/psicologia , Prurido/terapia , Psicometria/métodos , Psicometria/normas
7.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 92(1): 213-222, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes are important for understanding recovery after burn injury, benchmarking service delivery and measuring the impact of interventions. Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)-29 domains have been validated for use among diverse populations though not among burn survivors. The purpose of this study was to examine validity and reliability of PROMIS-29 scores in this population. METHODS: The PROMIS-29 scores of physical function, anxiety, depression, fatigue, sleep disturbance, ability to participate in social roles, and pain interference were evaluated for validity and reliability in adult burn survivors. Unidimensionality, floor and ceiling effects, internal consistency, and reliability were examined. Differential item functioning was used to examine bias with respect to demographic and injury characteristics. Correlations with measures of related constructs (Community Integration Questionnaire, Satisfaction with Life Scale, Post-Traumatic Stress Checklist-Civilian, and Veteran's Rand-12) and known-group differences were examined. RESULTS: Eight hundred and seventy-six burn survivors with moderate to severe injury from 6 months to 20 years postburn provided responses on PROMIS-29 domains. Participants' ages ranged from 18 years to 93 years at time of assessment; mean years since injury was 3.4. All PROMIS domain scores showed high internal consistency (Cronbach's α = 0.87-0.97). There was a large ceiling effect on ability to participate in social roles (39.7%) and physical function (43.3%). One-factor confirmatory factor analyses supported unidimensionality (all comparative fit indices >0.95). We found no statistically significant bias (differential item functioning). Reliability was high (>0.9) across trait levels for all domains except sleep, which reached moderate reliability (>0.85). All known-group differences by demographic and clinical characteristics were in the hypothesized direction and magnitude except burn size categories. CONCLUSION: The results provide strong evidence for reliability and validity of PROMIS-29 domain scores among adult burn survivors. Reliability of the extreme scores could be increased and the ceiling effects reduced by administering PROMIS-43, which includes six items per domain, or by administering by computerized adaptive testing. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Diagnostic Test or Criteria, level III.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Pessoas com Deficiência , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Interação Social , Queimaduras/fisiopatologia , Queimaduras/psicologia , Queimaduras/reabilitação , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Pessoas com Deficiência/reabilitação , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Psicometria/métodos , Psicometria/normas , Pesquisa de Reabilitação/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Projetos de Pesquisa , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sobreviventes
8.
Pediatr Diabetes ; 23(1): 126-138, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34897924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, Italian versions of the Hypoglycemia Fear Survey for Children (CHFS) and for Parents (PHFS) quantifying Fear of Hypoglycemia (FoH) in pediatric diabetes are not available. OBJECTIVE: To validate the Italian version of the CHFS and PHFS. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy-four children with type 1 diabetes aged 6-18 and 178 parents completed the CHFS and PHFS, the PedsQL 3.0 Diabetes module and the KIDSCREEN-10. Internal consistency was good (α = 0.85 for CHFS, α = 0.88 for PHFS); validity was supported by correlations of CHFS total score (CHFS-T r = -0.50; p < 0.001, CI = -0.62 to -0.35) and Worry subscale (CHFS-W r = -0.49; p < 0.001, CI = -0.62 to -0.32) with measures of health-related quality of life (QoL), which were not related to PHFS scores. Factor analyses justified the structure and the separate scoring of Behavior and Worry subscales. Children's age was negatively correlated with CHFS-T (r = -0.16; p = 0.03, CI = -0.36 to 0.00), CHFS-W (r = -0.29; p = 0.02, CI = -0.39 to -0.07), PHFS-T (r = -0.20; p = 0.006, CI = -0.35 to -0.04), PHFS-B (r = -0.30; p = 0.001, CI = -0.43 to -0.17). Mean (SD) item scores of CHFS-T (1.47 ± 0.56 vs. 1.27 ± 0.57; p < 0.05) and CHFS-W (1.20 ± 0.73 vs. 0.96 ± 0.68; p < 0.05) were higher in children with HbA1c ≥7.5%. Higher levels of distress for upsetting hypoglycemia were associated with lower child's QoL scores as perceived by children (Peds-QL: 72.6 ± 12.8 vs. 80.4 ± 11.9; p < 0.001) and parents (Peds-QL: 70.6 ± 13.8 vs. 75.8 ± 12.9; p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The Italian version of CHFS and PHFS appears to be a valid measure to assess FoH in clinical practice and factor analysis supports separate scoring for the Worry and Behavior subscales.


Assuntos
Medo/psicologia , Hipoglicemia/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Psicometria/normas , Adolescente , Criança , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipoglicemia/etiologia , Itália , Masculino , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Estudos de Validação como Assunto
9.
Headache ; 62(1): 89-105, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34962305

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the content validity and psychometric properties of the Activity Impairment in Migraine Diary (AIM-D). BACKGROUND: Measuring treatment effects on migraine impairment requires a psychometrically sound patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure developed consistent with U.S. Food and Drug Administration guidance. METHODS: The AIM-D was created from concepts that emerged during qualitative interviews with five clinicians experienced in treating migraine and concept elicitation (CE) interviews with 40 adults with episodic migraine (EM) or chronic migraine (CM). The initial version was refined based on three waves of cognitive interviews with 38 adults with EM or CM and input from a panel of clinical and measurement experts. The AIM-D was psychometrically evaluated using data from 316 adults with EM or CM who participated in a 13-week prospective observational study. Study participants completed PRO assessments including the AIM-D and a daily headache diary. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis were used to determine the factor structure. The reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the AIM-D were assessed. Additional PRO measures including the Patient Global Impression - Severity (PGI-S), Migraine Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire, Version 2.1 Role Function-Restrictive domain, and Headache Impact Test were used for psychometric evaluation of the AIM-D. RESULTS: Based on CE interviews with adults with migraine and input from an expert panel, activity impairment was identified as the target in the preliminary conceptual framework, which had two domains: performance of daily activities (PDAs) and physical impairment (PI). Revision of the draft AIM-D through multiple rounds of cognitive interviews and expert panel meetings resulted in a content valid 11-item version. Exploratory factor analysis supported both one- and two-domain structures for the AIM-D, which were further supported by confirmatory factor analysis (factor loadings all >0.90). The AIM-D domains (PDA and PI) and total score showed high internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha 0.95-0.97), acceptable test-retest reliability for weekly average scores (intraclass correlation coefficient >0.60 for participants with no change in PGI-S between baseline and week 2), and good convergent and known-groups validity. There was evidence of responsiveness based on changes in PGI-S score and monthly migraine days. CONCLUSION: The AIM-D is a content valid and psychometrically sound measure designed to evaluate activity impairment and is suitable for use in clinical trials of preventive treatments for EM or CM.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Enxaqueca/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/tratamento farmacológico , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Psicometria/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
10.
PLoS One ; 16(12): e0261271, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34914772

RESUMO

This study aimed to validate the recently developed Occupational Depression Inventory (ODI) in South Africa. A total of 327 employees (60% female) participated in the study. Bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling analysis indicated that the ODI can be considered essentially unidimensional. The ODI displayed strong scalability (e.g., scale-level H = 0.657). No monotonicity violation was detected. The reliability of the instrument, as indexed by Cronbach's alpha, McDonald's omega-total, Guttman's λ2, and the Molenaar-Sijtsma statistic, was highly satisfactory. Measurement invariance was observed across age groups, sexes, and ethnicities, as well as between our sample and the ODI's original validation sample. As expected, the ODI showed both a degree of convergent validity and a degree of discriminant validity vis-à-vis a measure of "cause-neutral" depressive symptoms. Moreover, the ODI manifested substantial associations, in the anticipated directions, with measures of work engagement, job satisfaction, and life satisfaction. Overall, the ODI exhibited excellent structural and psychometric properties within the South African context. Consistent with previous research, this study suggests that occupational health specialists can confidently rely on the ODI to investigate job-related distress.


Assuntos
Depressão/classificação , Psicometria/métodos , Psicometria/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Depressão/diagnóstico , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Trabalhador/tendências , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , África do Sul , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 22(12): 3857-3863, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34967564

RESUMO

The study aimed to investigate the factorial structure, reliability, and validity of the Bengali version of the brief Questionnaire on Smoking Urges (QSU-Brief) tool in a sample of Bangladeshi smokers. The Bengali version QSU-Brief scale's reliability and validity were assessed on the basis of the data provided by 460 Bangladeshi smokers. To substantiate the data reliability, internal consistency and test-retest reliability were measured. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA), followed by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), was conducted to validate the psychometric properties of the 10-item-QSU-Brief tool. The questionnaire showed good internal consistency (Cronbach's α = 0.94; Intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.91; p<0.001). The EFA and CFA confirmed that a two-factor solution explained 75.1% of the total variance and considered the best item structure of the Bengali version of QSU-Brief across the current study setting. The first factor reflected a strong desire to smoke, which comprised items 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9, and 10. While the second factor displayed expectation of relief from the negative implications, which contained items 4, 7, and 8. The study findings showed that the Bengali QSU-Brief had good reliability, validity, and factorial structure. Therefore, this tool could be an excellent candidate to evaluate smoking urges in Bangladeshi settings.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Psicometria/normas , Fumar/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Bangladesh/etnologia , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci ; 76(Suppl 3): S238-S250, 2021 12 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34918150

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This report introduces National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP) data users to 2 new measures-one that assesses older adults' resilience, defined as personal attributes that indicate an adaptive reserve that can be drawn on during adversity, and a second that expands on existing measures of social support received from others to also assess social support given to close others. METHOD: Data from 4,604 NSHAP respondents born 1920-1965 were used to conduct psychometric analyses and validation of our measures of resilience and social support-giving. RESULTS: Scale reliabilities were acceptable for the 4-item resilience scale, and the 2-item scales for family support-giving and friend support-giving. The 2 spousal support-giving items did not cohere well as a single scale. The resilience scale exhibited significant correlations with criterion validation variables, even after adjusting for correlated personality traits. The support-giving scales, and the spousal support-giving items, also exhibited significant correlations with criteria, and with the resilience scale, even after adjusting for social support receipt. Scale means exhibited demographic differences. DISCUSSION: The resilience and social support-giving measures have acceptable psychometric characteristics (with the exception of spousal support-giving), convergent validity, and predictive utility net of related variables. NSHAP data users are offered several suggestions (key points) in the use of these measures in future research.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Nível de Saúde , Personalidade , Psicometria/normas , Resiliência Psicológica , Interação Social , Apoio Social , Cônjuges , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Personalidade/fisiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Cônjuges/psicologia , Estados Unidos
13.
Nutrients ; 13(11)2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836141

RESUMO

(1) Background: Obesity, part of the triple global burden of disease, is increasingly attracting research on its preventive and curative management. Knowledge of eating behavior can be useful both at the individual level (to individualize treatment for obesity) and the population level (to implement more suitable food policies). The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) is a widely used international tool to assess eating behavior, i.e., emotional, external and restricted eating styles. The aim of this study was to validate the Romanian version of DEBQ, as obesity is a major concern in Romania. (2) Methods: Our study tested the psychometric properties of the Romanian version of DEBQ on an adult population and explored the associations of eating behavior with weight status (3) Results: The study showed a factor load similar to the original version of the questionnaire and a very good internal validity (Cronbach's alpha fidelity coefficient greater than 0.8 for all scales of the questionnaire) for the Romanian version of DEBQ and showed that all of the scales positively correlated with body mass index in both men and women. (4) Conclusions: This study will enable the use of the DEBQ Romanian version on the adult population of Romania where the findings could be incorporated into developing better strategies to reduce the burden of nutrition-related diseases.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde Culturalmente Competente/normas , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Obesidade/etnologia , Psicometria/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Romênia , Traduções
14.
Nutrients ; 13(11)2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is used with parents to determine the characteristics of eating behaviour of their children and, consequently, children's propensity to become obese. It has been successfully used mainly in Western countries, but not in Saudi Arabia. In this pilot study, we explored the use of the Saudi version of the CEBQ for preschool children aged 2-6 years in Saudi Arabia, and assessed the associations between eating behaviours and children's age, gender and relative weight and parental weight. METHODS: Parents of 200 Saudi preschool children in Riyadh completed the Saudi version of the CEBQ. Factor analyses on all CEBQ items were performed and differences between genders and age groups were examined. Correlations between children's BMI z-scores and eating behaviours were analysed using linear regression. RESULTS: The factor analysis revealed an eight-factor solution similar to the theoretical factor structure, with good internal reliability and acceptable correlations between subscales. Boys scored higher than girls on food responsiveness; no difference between age groups was found. Positive associations between BMI z-scores and 'food approach' subscales, food responsiveness, enjoyment of food and emotional overeating were found, while 'food avoidant' subscales, satiety responsiveness and slowness in eating had inverse relationships with BMI z-scores. Maternal BMI had a positive association with BMI z-scores and food responsiveness. CONCLUSION: The CEBQ is a valid psychometric tool that can be reliably used to assess eating behaviour characteristics in Saudi preschool children.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/psicologia , Psicometria/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Fatores Etários , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperfagia/psicologia , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pais , Projetos Piloto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Arábia Saudita , Fatores Sexuais , Traduções
15.
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0260248, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797872

RESUMO

During the outbreak of the novel COVID-19 pandemic, economies around the world underwent unprecedented changes, which negatively limited young people's perceptions of their future. The study aims to describe the development and validation of the 10-item COVID-19 Future Impact Perception Scale (C-19FIPS), a measurement tool to assess future impact perception related to COVID-19, among university students. Inductive and deductive approaches were used at the phase of the scale development process. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) applying two different SEM based analytical methods, covariance-based SEM (CB-SEM) and variance based SEM (PLS-SEM) were used to explore and predict the data. The EFA output generated two dimensions with 10 items. The dimensions are Personal Perception (C-19 PF) and Country Perception (C-19 CF) that reflects the notion of Future Impact Perception related to COVID-19. The result of the CFA confirmed the EFA result. Based on the reliability and validity check results, it is apparent that the scale demonstrates good psychometric properties. Evidence was also provided for convergent and discriminant validity. The study provided a short, valid and reliable measure to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on college students' future perceptions. Knowing how external situations influence the world of young people is useful for the development of targeted interventions that favor their well-being and that can support them in situations perceived as uncertain and risky. Limitations and future lines are discussed.


Assuntos
Atitude , COVID-19/psicologia , Psicometria/métodos , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria/normas , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Incerteza , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
Value Health ; 24(10): 1407-1415, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593163

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Caregiver self-efficacy-a caregiver's belief in his/her ability to contribute to patient self-care-is associated with better patient and caregiver outcomes in single chronic conditions. It is, however, unknown if caregiver self-efficacy improves patient and caregiver outcomes in multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) because there is no instrument to measure this variable. We developed the 10-item Caregiver Self-Efficacy in Contributing to patient Self-Care (CSE-CSC) scale for that purpose, and we tested its psychometric characteristics in caregivers of patients with MCCs. METHODS: In this cross-sectional multisite study, we tested the structural validity of the CSE-CSC scale with exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, and we tested construct validity by correlating CSE-CSC scores with those of the Caregiver Contributions to Self-Care of Chronic Illness Inventory. We also tested reliability, and precision of the CSE-CSC scale. RESULTS: The 358 enrolled caregivers (mean age 54.6 years; 71.5% female) cared for patients with an average of 3.2 chronic conditions. Structural validity was good, and it showed 2 factors within the scale. Construct validity showed significant correlations between scores of the CSE-CSC scale and the Caregiver Contributions to Self-Care of Chronic Illness Inventory. Reliability coefficients were between 0.90 and 0.97. Measurement error yielded satisfactory results. CONCLUSIONS: The CSE-CSC scale is valid, reliable, and precise in measuring caregiver self-efficacy in contributing to patient self-care in MCCs. Because caregiver self-efficacy is a modifiable variable, the CSE-CSC scale can be used in clinical practice and research to improve patient and caregiver outcomes.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Psicometria/normas , Autoeficácia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autocuidado/métodos , Autocuidado/psicologia
17.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0259191, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34714851

RESUMO

The EPOCH Measure of Adolescent Well-being measures five positive indicators of the well-being of adolescents: engagement, perseverance, optimism, connectedness and happiness. This five-factor structure along with other indicators of validity and reliability were supported for the original English version and the Chinese version. In this study, we tested the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the EPOCH with a sample (n = 846) of Swedish high school adolescents aged 16-21 years (Mage = 18, SD = .85). The participants answered a questionnaire containing the EPOCH, Coping Self-Efficacy Scale, and 21-item Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21). A confirmatory factor analysis supported a the five-factor, inter-correlated model. The internal consistency was good for all the EPOCH subscales (Cronbach's α = .76-.88, McDonald's ω = .77 -.88). The criterion validity was established by replicating correlations between the five EPOCH subscales and positive (coping self-efficacy) and negative (DASS-21) aspects of well-being. This study shows that the Swedish version of the EPOCH is suitable for assessing multiple dimensions of adolescent well-being.


Assuntos
Saúde do Adolescente , Psicometria/métodos , Adolescente , Características Culturais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria/normas , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Suécia
18.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258099, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624019

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Organizational context is recognized as important for facilitating evidence-based practice and improving patient outcomes. Organizational context is a complex construct to measure and appropriate instruments that can quantify and measure context are needed. The aim of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Alberta Context Tool (ACT) to Norwegian, and to test the reliability and structural validity among registered nurses (RNs) and licenced practice nurses (LPNs) working in nursing homes. METHODS: This study was a validation study utilizing a cross-sectional design. The sample consisted of n = 956 healthcare personnel from 28 nursing homes from a municipality in Norway. In the first stage, the ACT was translated before being administered in 28 nursing homes. In the second stage, internal consistency and structural validity were explored using Cronbach's alpha and confirmatory factor analysis. RESULTS: A rigorous forward-and-back translation process was performed including a team of academics, experts, professional translators and the copyright holders, before an acceptable version of the ACT was piloted and finalized. The Norwegian version of the ACT showed good internal consistency with Chronbachs alpha above .75 for all concepts except for Formal interactions where the alpha was .69. Structural validity was acceptable for both RNs and LPNs with factors loadings more than .4 for most items. CONCLUSIONS: The Norwegian version of the ACT is a valid measure of organizational context in Norwegian nursing homes among RNs and LPNs.


Assuntos
Técnicos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Casas de Saúde/normas , Psicometria/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Alberta/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/normas , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Noruega/epidemiologia , Tradução
19.
Pediatr Neurol ; 125: 34-39, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leukodystrophies are a rare class of disorders characterized by severe neuromotor disability. There is a strong need for research regarding the functional status of people with leukodystrophy which is limited by the need for in-person assessments of mobility. The purpose of this study is to assess the reliability of the Gross Motor Function Measure-88 (GMFM-88) using telemedicine compared with standard in-person assessments in patients with leukodystrophy. METHODS: A total of 21 subjects with a diagnosis of leukodystrophy (age range = 1.79-52.82 years) were evaluated by in-person and by telemedicine evaluations with the GMFM-88 by physical therapists. Inter-rater reliability was assessed through evaluation of the same subject by two independent raters within a three-week period (n = 10 encounters), and intrarater reliability was assessed through blinded rescoring of video-recorded assessments after a one-week time interval (n = 6 encounters). RESULTS: Remote assessments were performed by caregivers in all 21 subjects using resources found in the home with remote guidance. There was agreement between all paired in-person and remote measurements (Lin's concordance correlation ≥0.995). The Bland-Altman analysis indicated that the paired differences were within ±5%. Intrarater and inter-rater reliability demonstrated an intraclass correlation coefficient of >0.90. CONCLUSIONS: These results support that remote application of the GMFM-88 is a feasible and reliable approach to assess individuals with leukodystrophy. Telemedicine application of outcome measures may be of particular value in rare diseases and those with severe neurologic disability that impacts the ability to travel.


Assuntos
Leucoencefalopatias/diagnóstico , Transtornos dos Movimentos/diagnóstico , Psicometria , Telemedicina , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Leucoencefalopatias/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos dos Movimentos/etiologia , Gravidade do Paciente , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Psicometria/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Telemedicina/métodos , Telemedicina/normas , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 209(11): 846-850, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34698699

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Clinical utility and client utility are important desirable properties when developing and evaluating a new classification system for mental disorders. This study reports on four focus groups followed up by a Delphi study among clinicians working with clients with personality disorders (PD) and clients with PD themselves to harness both user groups' perspectives on the utility of PD diagnosis. Our findings show that the client and clinician views of the concept of utility were closely aligned and include aspects of transparency of communication and the ability of an assessment to enhance hope, curiosity, motivation, and insight into a client's personality patterns. Unique to clinicians' appraisal was the ability of an assessment to capture both vulnerabilities and resilience of clients and to give information about the prognosis in treatment. Unique to clients' appraisal was the ability of an assessment to be destigmatizing and collaborative. These findings may serve to expand our definition and measurement of clinical utility, in that collaborative and nonstigmatizing procedures likely promote client acceptability. To capture both aspects, we offer two preliminary questionnaires (i.e., item sets open to further empirical testing) based on the data derived from the Delphi procedure.


Assuntos
Determinação da Personalidade/normas , Transtornos da Personalidade/diagnóstico , Avaliação de Processos em Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Psicometria/normas , Adulto , Técnica Delfos , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
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