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1.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 58744, Jan.-Jun. 2024. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550248

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução: A profissão policial é considerada de alto risco e exige um vigor físico e mental do trabalhador diante do serviço realizado. De tal modo que uma boa qualidade do sono é importante, pois impacta diretamente em diversos aspectos na saúde desses trabalhadores. Ademais, a falta de uma boa qualidade do sono devido ao trabalho pode influenciar negativamente a qualidade de vida no trabalho. Objetivo: Analisar a influência da qualidade do sono na qualidade de vida no trabalho de policiais militares. Metodologia: Estudo quantitativo, correlacionalde corte transversal, realizado no primeiro semestre de 2019, com policiais de três municípios da Bahia, Brasil. Foram utilizados três instrumentos: sociodemográfico e características laborais; qualidade de vida de vida no trabalho; e qualidade do sono. Foi aplicado o teste do qui quadrado para as variáveis sociodemograficas e ocupacionais. Posteriormente, foi aplicado o teste de correlação de Spearman entre a qualidade do sono com as dimensões da qualidade de vida no trabalho. Resultados: Evidenciou-se entre os 298 policiais que a mediana da idade foi de 40 anos e tempo de serviço ≤ 7 anos, observou-se também que os policiais com pior qualidade do sono apresentaram qualidade de vida no trabalho insatisfatória em todas as dimensões (biológica/fisiológica; psicológica/comportamental; sociológica/relacional; econômica/política, ambiental/organizacional). Conclusão: Os policiais sofrem com a qualidade do sono e consequentemente influencia negativamente a qualidade de vida no trabalho. Assim, há uma necessidade de desenvolver ações no ambiente de trabalho que possam diminuir os afastamentos decorrentes dos problemas de saúde ocasionados pela qualidade do sono.


Resumen Introdución: La formación policial se considera de alto riesgo y requiere vigor físico y mental por parte de la persona trabajadora antes de realizar el servicio. Para esto, la buena calidad de sueño es importante, ya que impacta directamente en la salud de la población trabajadora en varios aspectos. Además, la falta de una buena calidad de sueño debido al trabajo puede influir negativamente en la calidad de vida fuera del trabajo. Objetivo: Analizar la influencia de la calidad del sueño en la calidad de vida en el trabajo de policías militares. Metodología: Estudio cuantitativo, correlacional transversal, realizado en el primer semestre de 2019, con policías de tres municipios de Bahía, Brasil. Se utilizaron tres instrumentos: características sociodemográficas y laborales, calidad de vida en el trabajo y calidad de sueño. Se aplicó la prueba chi cuadrado para las variables sociodemográficas y ocupacionales. Posteriormente, se aplicó la prueba de correlación de Spearman entre la calidad del sueño y las dimensiones de calidad de vida en el trabajo. Resultados: La muestra fue de 298 policías, la mediana de edad fue de 40 años y la antigüedad en el servicio fue ≤ 7 años. También, se observó quienes tuvieron peor calidad de sueño, también tuvieron una calidad de vida en el trabajo insatisfactoria en todos sus dimensiones (biológica/fisiológica; psicológica/conductual; sociológica/relacional; económica/política, ambiental/organizacional). Conclusión: Quienes son agentes de policía sufren de mala calidad de sueño y, en consecuencia, se influye negativamente su calidad de vida en el trabajo. Por lo tanto, existe la necesidad de desarrollar acciones en el lugar de trabajo que pueda reducir los riesgos de problemas de salud causados por la calidad del sueño.


Abstract Background: Police training is considered high risk and demands physical and mental vigor from the worker before preforming the service. Therefore, sleep quality is important as it directly impacts the health of these workers in several aspects. Furthermore, the lack of sleep quality due to work can negatively influence the quality of life outside of work. Aim: To analyze the influence of sleep quality on the quality of life and work of military police officers. Methods: A quantitative, cross-sectional correlational study, conducted in the first half of 2019 with police officers from three municipalities in Bahia, Brazil. Three instruments were used: sociodemographic and work characteristics; quality of life at work; and sleep quality. The chi-square test was applied for sociodemographic and occupational variations. Subsequently, the Spearman correlation test was applied between sleep quality and the quality of life and work dimensions. Results: Among the 298 police officers the median age was 40 years and the length of service was ≤ 7 years. It was also observed that police officers with poorer sleep quality had an unsatisfactory quality of life at work in all its dimensions (biological/physiological; psychological/behavioral; sociological/relational; economic/political, environmental/organizational). Conclusion: Police officers suffer from poor sleep quality and this negatively influence their quality of life and work. Therefore, there is a need to develop actions in the workplace that may reduce the risks of health problems caused by poor sleep quality.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polícia , Saúde Militar , Qualidade do Sono , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil , Saúde Ocupacional
2.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 38: 483-488, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently there is no treatment capable of significantly alleviating all the symptoms of fibromyalgia (FM), even though it is a complex syndrome with a high prevalence in the population. DESIGN: Experimental study using a single-blind, randomised, clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the efficacy of manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) as an alternative to traditional treatment of fibromyalgia (FM) in women. METHODS: This was an experimental study using a single-blind, randomised, clinical trial of 20 women between 30 and 55 years old with FM. Patients were divided into an experimental group (n = 10) and a control group (n = 10). During the study, 3 measurements of pain (visual analogue scale and algometry), FM impact (Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire), sleep quality (Index Pittsburgh), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) were recorded. Treatment of the experimental group consisted of 2 weekly MLD sessions for 6 weeks. RESULTS: The effect of the interaction of MLD showed statistically significant results in Right intercostal space (F2,36 = 3.54; p = 0.04; n2p = 0.16). The sleep quality was significantly better favour of the treatment (F2,36 = 4.16; p = 0.01; n2p = 0.20). CONCLUSIONS: MLD therapy demonstrated effects in the experimental group in contrast to the control group across the intervention period concerning the right intercostal space and sleep-related factors. However, MLD did not result in observable alterations in pain perception.


Assuntos
Fibromialgia , Drenagem Linfática Manual , Medição da Dor , Humanos , Feminino , Fibromialgia/terapia , Projetos Piloto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Drenagem Linfática Manual/métodos , Método Simples-Cego , Ansiedade/terapia , Qualidade do Sono , Depressão/terapia
3.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 49(5): 499-505, 2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764121

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To observe the effect of mind-regulating acupuncture on pain intensity, sleep quality, negative emotion in patients with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), and evaluate the clinical effect of mind-regulating acupuncture combined with surrounding needling and heavy moxibustion at Ashi points (Extra) in treatment of PHN. METHODS: The patients with PHN were randomly divided into a control group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped out) and a comprehensive therapy group (35 cases). The patients in the control group were treated with surrounding needling and heavy moxibustion at Ashi points. In the comprehensive therapy group, the mind-regulating acupuncture therapy was delivered besides the treatment as the control group. The treatment was given once daily, one course of treatment was composed of 6 days and 2 courses were required in the 2 groups. Before and after treatment, the pain conditions were assessed using pain rating index (PRI), visual analogue scale (VAS) and present pain intensity (PPI), the negative emotions were assessed using Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) and Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), and the sleep quality with Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI). One week before and one week after treatment, the average sleep time was recorded. The therapeutic effect of 2 groups was evaluated. The effective cases of 2 groups were followed up in 2 months after treatment completion and the recurrence of neuralgia was recorded. RESULTS: There were no statistical differences in the above indicators between the 2 groups before treatment. After 2 courses of treatment, the scores of PRI, VAS, PPI, HAMA, HAMD and PSQI were reduced when compared with those before treatment in the patients of the 2 groups (P<0.05), and the average sleep time was increased (P<0.05). The scores of PRI, VAS, PPI, HAMA, HAMD and PSQI in the comprehensive therapy group, as well as the average sleep time were all improved when compared with those of the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate in the comprehensive therapy group (34/35, 97.14%) was higher than that of the control group (27/33, 81.82%, P<0.05) and the recurrence rate was lower (ï¼»2/34, 5.88%ï¼½vsï¼»8/27, 29.63%ï¼½, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of mind-regulating acupuncture with surrounding needling and heavy moxibustion at Ashi acupoint can effectively relieve PHN. Compared with the traditional surrounding acupuncture in pain area combined with moxibustion at Ashi points, this comprehensive therapy is more effective for ameliorating pain intensity, improving sleep quality and reducing negative emotions. It is also effective for declining the recurrence.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética , Qualidade do Sono , Humanos , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/terapia , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Idoso , Projetos Piloto , Resultado do Tratamento , Emoções , Adulto , Pontos de Acupuntura
4.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0298377, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771841

RESUMO

Sleep problems are common in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Children's sleep problem may influence, and be influenced by, parents' sleep problems as well as parents' ADHD symptoms. In the current study we examined the associations of parent-rated sleep quality and sleep timing of pre-adolescent children with parental insomnia symptoms, parental ADHD symptoms and dysfunctional attitudes and beliefs about sleep in a convenience sample recruited by advertisement (N = 120). Childhood sleep problems were common in the sample, with 82% of children exceeding the threshold for the presence of a paediatric sleep disorder. Children's sleep quality showed minimal association with their sleep timing and chronotype. Parental insomnia symptoms, ADHD symptoms and dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep all associated with their children's sleep quality, and with the sleep subdomains of sleep anxiety and parasomnias. In multiple regression analysis only parental insomnia score was a significant predictor of children's sleep quality. Children's bedtimes, wake times, sleep duration, chronotype or social jetlag did not associate with parents' ADHD or insomnia symptoms. Sleep quality was significantly poorer in children whose parents scored as both consistent for adult ADHD and probable for insomnia disorder compared to parents who scored as either ADHD consistent or insomnia probable, or those who parents scored as neither. We discuss the putative nature of the relationships between sleep quality of children with ADHD and parental ADHD and insomnia symptoms, and suggest that clinicians consider parental sleep when attending to children with ADHD.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Pais , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Humanos , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/complicações , Criança , Masculino , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/complicações , Feminino , Pais/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Qualidade do Sono
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(20): e38210, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758878

RESUMO

The purpose of our study is to examine the correlation between sleep factors and the prevalence of kidney stones in US adults. A total of 34,679 participants from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007 to 2018 were included in the analyses. Sleep data collection included: presleep factors (difficulty falling asleep, sleep onset latency), intra-sleep factors (risk index of obstructive sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, difficulty maintaining sleep), post-sleep factors (daytime sleepiness, non-restorative sleep), sleep schedule and duration, and sleep quality. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the correlation between sleep factors and the prevalence of kidney stones. Among the 34,679 participants, the overall incidence of kidney stones was 9.3%. The presence of presleep factors (difficulty falling asleep [odds ratios [OR], 1.680; 95% CI, 1.310-2.150], prolonged sleep onset latency [OR, 1.320; 95% CI, 1.020-1.700]), intra-sleep factors (higher risk index of obstructive sleep apnea [OR, 1.750; 95% CI, 1.500-2.050], restless leg syndrome [OR, 1.520; 95% CI, 1.150-1.990], difficulty maintaining sleep [OR, 1.430; 95% CI, 1.130-1.810]), post-sleep factors (daytime sleepiness [OR, 1.430; 95% CI, 1.220-1.680], non-restorative sleep [OR, 1.400; 95% CI, 1.110-1.760]), short sleep duration (OR, 1.190; 95% CI, 1.080-1.310), mediate sleep quality (OR, 1.140; 95% CI, 1.020-1.290), and poor sleep quality (OR, 1.500; 95% CI, 1.310-1.720) are linked to the occurrence of kidney stones. However, short sleep onset latency, bedtime and wake-up time were not significantly associated with the prevalence of kidney stones. These findings showed positive associations between higher kidney stone prevalence and poor sleep factors.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais , Humanos , Masculino , Cálculos Renais/epidemiologia , Feminino , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia , Idoso , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Qualidade do Sono , Incidência
8.
Int J Qual Health Care ; 36(2)2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727537

RESUMO

Sleep disruptions in the hospital setting can have adverse effects on patient safety and well-being, leading to complications like delirium and prolonged recovery. This study aimed to comprehensively assess the factors influencing sleep disturbances in hospital wards, with a comparison of the sleep quality of patients staying in single rooms to those in shared rooms. A mixed-methods approach was used to examine patient-reported sleep quality and sleep disruption factors, in conjunction with objective noise measurements, across seven inpatient wards at an acute tertiary public hospital in Sydney, Australia. The most disruptive factor to sleep in the hospital was noise, ranked as 'very disruptive' by 20% of patients, followed by acute health conditions (11%) and nursing interventions (10%). Patients in shared rooms experienced the most disturbed sleep, with 51% reporting 'poor' or 'very poor' sleep quality. In contrast, only 17% of the patients in single rooms reported the same. Notably, sound levels in shared rooms surpassed 100 dB, highlighting the potential for significant sleep disturbances in shared patient accommodation settings. The results of this study provide a comprehensive overview of the sleep-related challenges faced by patients in hospital, particularly those staying in shared rooms. The insights from this study offer guidance for targeted healthcare improvements to minimize disruptions and enhance the quality of sleep for hospitalized patients.


Assuntos
Ruído , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Ruído/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Qualidade do Sono , Pacientes Internados , Adulto , Quartos de Pacientes , Hospitalização , Austrália , Centros de Atenção Terciária
9.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 23: 15347354241252698, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38757745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue and its associated symptoms of sleep disorder and depression are prevalent in cancer survivors especially among breast, lung, and colorectal cancer survivors. While there is no gold standard for treating cancer-related fatigue currently, studies of mind-body exercises such as Qigong have reported promise in reducing symptoms. This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and effect of Guolin Qigong on cancer-related fatigue and other symptoms in breast, lung and colorectal cancer survivors while exploring their perceptions and experiences of Guolin Qigong intervention. METHODS: This is an open-label randomized controlled trial with 60 participants divided into 2 study groups in a 1:1 ratio. The intervention group will receive 12 weeks of Guolin Qigong intervention with a 4-week follow-up while control will receive usual care under waitlist. The primary outcome will be feasibility measured based on recruitment and retention rates, class attendance, home practice adherence, nature, and quantum of missing data as well as safety. The secondary subjective outcomes of fatigue, sleep quality and depression will be measured at Week-1 (baseline), Week-6 (mid-intervention), Week-12 (post-intervention), and Week-16 (4 weeks post-intervention) while an objective 24-hour urine cortisol will be measured at Week-1 (baseline) and Week-12 (post-intervention). We will conduct a semi-structured interview individually with participants within 3 months after Week-16 (4 weeks post-intervention) to obtain a more comprehensive view of practice adherence. DISCUSSION: This is the first mixed-method study to investigate the feasibility and effect of Guolin Qigong on breast, lung, and colorectal cancer survivors to provide a comprehensive understanding of Guolin Qigong's intervention impact and participants' perspectives. The interdisciplinary collaboration between Western Medicine and Chinese Medicine expertise of this study ensures robust study design, enhanced participant care, rigorous data analysis, and meaningful interpretation of results. This innovative research contributes to the field of oncology and may guide future evidence-based mind-body interventions to improve cancer survivorship. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study has been registered with ANZCTR (ACTRN12622000688785p), was approved by Medical Research Ethic Committee of University Malaya Medical Centre (MREC ID NO: 2022323-11092) and recognized by Western Sydney University Human Research Ethics Committee (RH15124).


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Fadiga , Qigong , Humanos , Qigong/métodos , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Fadiga/terapia , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Depressão/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Terapias Mente-Corpo/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Qualidade do Sono
10.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1340, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760757

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sleep disorders have a significant negative impact on mental and physical health, especially among the elderly. Various factors can affect the sleep quality of elderly people. The aim of this research to investigate the effect of urban and rural environments on the sleep quality of elderly people with emphasis on physical activity. METHOD: Four hundred and thirty-nine elderly people (226 city residents and 213 village residents) in urban and rural areas of Bushehr (Southern Iran), volunteered to participate in the present study. Information was collected via the General information questionnaire and Petersburg Sleep Questionnaire. RESULT: The results showed that active elderly women (p < 0.001), and total active elderly (male + female) (p < 0.001) living in urban areas compared to inactive elderly and also in rural areas active elderly women (p < 0.001), active elderly men (p < 0.001) and total active elderly (male + female) (p < 0.001) had better overall sleep quality in compared to inactive elderly. Also, elderly men (p < 0.001) and the total elderly (male + female) (p < 0.001) living in urban areas had better sleep quality than the elderly in rural areas. CONCLUSION: Based on the findings, it can be concluded that the way of life (being active) as well as the living environment can affect the sleep quality of elderly people, so that active elderly people and also elderly people living in urban environments had better sleep quality.


Assuntos
População Rural , Qualidade do Sono , População Urbana , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atividade Motora , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Nutrients ; 16(10)2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38794761

RESUMO

Seventy-one healthy subjects with sleep disturbances participated in a randomized, double-blind controlled trial in which dietary supplementation with an extract of Aloysia citrodora (lemon verbena) (n = 33) or placebo (n = 38) was administered for 90 days. There were between-group differences in favor of the experimental group in the visual analogue scale (VAS) for sleep quality (6.5 ± 1.6 vs. 5.5 ± 2.1, p = 0.021) as well as in the overall score (5.8 ± 2.4, p = 0.008) and scores for sleep latency (1.6 ± 1.0 vs. 1.9 ± 0.7, p = 0.027) and sleep efficiency (84.5 ± 12.8 vs. 79.8 ± 13.6, p = 0.023) in the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Sleep-related variables (latency, efficiency, wakefulness after sleep onset, awakenings) assessed by actigraphy also showed better scores in the experimental group (p = 0.001). Plasma nocturnal melatonin levels also increased significantly in the experimental group (199.7 ± 135.3 vs. 174.7 ± 115.4 pg/mL, p = 0.048). Changes in anthropometric parameters and physical activity levels were not found. In summary, a dietary supplement of lemon verbena administered for 3 months was associated with a significant improvement in sleep quality as compared with placebo in a population of healthy subjects with sleep problems.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais , Extratos Vegetais , Qualidade do Sono , Humanos , Método Duplo-Cego , Masculino , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Melatonina/administração & dosagem , Voluntários Saudáveis , Adulto Jovem , Sono/efeitos dos fármacos , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília
13.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 24(1): 179, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38778264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) affects over 3 million Americans and has a relapsing and remitting course with up to 30% of patients experiencing exacerbations each year despite the availability of immune targeted therapies. An urgent need exists to develop adjunctive treatment approaches to better manage IBD symptoms and disease activity. Circadian disruption is associated with increased disease activity and may be an important modifiable treatment target for IBD. Morning light treatment, which advances and stabilizes circadian timing, may have the potential to improve IBD symptoms and disease activity, but no studies have explored these potential therapeutic benefits in IBD. Therefore, in this study, we aim to test the effectiveness of morning light treatment for patients with IBD. METHODS: We will recruit sixty-eight individuals with biopsy-proven IBD and clinical symptoms and randomize them to 4-weeks of morning light treatment or 4-weeks of treatment as usual (TAU), with equivalent study contact. Patient-reported outcomes (IBD-related quality of life, mood, sleep), clinician-rated disease severity, and a biomarker of gastrointestinal inflammation (fecal calprotectin) will be assessed before and after treatment. Our primary objective will be to test the effect of morning light treatment versus TAU on IBD-related quality of life and our secondary objectives will be to test the effects on clinician-rated disease activity, depression, and sleep quality. We will also explore the effect of morning light treatment versus TAU on a biomarker of gastrointestinal inflammation (fecal calprotectin), and the potential moderating effects of steroid use, restless leg syndrome, and biological sex. DISCUSSION: Morning light treatment may be an acceptable, feasible, and effective adjunctive treatment for individuals with active IBD suffering from impaired health-related quality of life. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study protocol was registered on ClinicalTrials.gov as NCT06094608 on October 23, 2023, before recruitment began on February 1, 2024.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Fototerapia , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/terapia , Fototerapia/métodos , Complexo Antígeno L1 Leucocitário/análise , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Qualidade do Sono , Masculino , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Feminino , Adulto , Fezes/química , Biomarcadores , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Affect Disord ; 358: 105-112, 2024 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between magnesium status and sleep quality is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between renal reabsorption-related magnesium depletion score (MDS) and sleep quality. METHODS: This study was conducted through a cross-sectional survey of adults aged ≥20 years who participated in NHANES 2005-2014. We used weighted logistic regression to examine the association between MDS and sleep quality and performed trend tests to analyze for the presence of a dose-response relationship. Subgroup analyses were performed based on various sleep outcomes and covariates. RESULTS: A total of 20,585 participants were included in the study, with a mean age of 48.8 years and 50.7 % female. After adjusting for all covariates, we found a graded dose-response relationship between MDS and sleep trouble as well as sleep disorder. Further analyses revealed a significant positive association between MDS and sleep apnea (OR = 3.01; 95 % CI 1.37-6.62), but no association with restless legs, insomnia or insufficient sleep. In addition, subgroup analyses revealed that middle-aged, male, obese, low magnesium intake, and depressed patients were more prone to sleep trouble and sleep disorder; interestingly, MDS was positively associated with excessive sleep in subjects ≥60 years and without depression. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found a significant association between MDS and sleep quality, particularly sleep apnea, but adequate magnesium intake may be beneficial in mitigating this association. MDS may be associated with excessive sleep in older adults, but not with insufficient sleep or insomnia.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Magnésio , Qualidade do Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Deficiência de Magnésio/epidemiologia , Adulto , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Magnésio/sangue , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/epidemiologia
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(21): e38165, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38788010

RESUMO

This study investigates the effectiveness of combining psychological nursing with extended nursing in patients with colorectal cancer who have undergone enterostomy. Conducted from January 2021 to January 2022, this retrospective study involved 78 patients split into 2 groups of 39 each. The control group received standard nursing care, while the observation group benefitted from both psychological and extended nursing. The evaluation focused on anxiety, depression, sleep quality, mental resilience, and self-care abilities. Results, 3 months postdischarge, indicated that the observation group had significantly lower scores in the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and higher scores in the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and the Enterostomal Self-Care Ability Scale, compared to the control group (P < .05). The findings suggest that integrating psychological nursing with extended care significantly improves mood, sleep quality, psychological resilience, and self-care capabilities in these patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Enterostomia , Autocuidado , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Autocuidado/psicologia , Autocuidado/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/psicologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/enfermagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enterostomia/enfermagem , Enterostomia/psicologia , Idoso , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão , Qualidade do Sono , Resiliência Psicológica , Emoções
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(21): e38233, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38788017

RESUMO

To explore the effect of holographic Guasha therapy on the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA) in older adults with hypertension living in the community. This prospective study was conducted from July 2019 to December 2020. Older adults with hypertension (systolic pressure ≥ 140 mm Hg, diastolic pressure ≥ 90 mm Hg) were divided into the control and Guasha groups. The PSQI and HAMA were assessed before and after 4 weeks of intervention. 62 patients were enrolled, with 31/group (Guasha: 72.4 ±â€…6.9 years, 23.0 ±â€…3.1 kg/m2; control: 71.4 ±â€…6.3 years; 22.9 ±â€…2.9 kg/m2). The total PSQI score did not decrease in the control group after 4 weeks (from 14.8 ±â€…1.2 to 14.8 ±â€…1.8, P = .498) but decreased in the Guasha group (from 14.9 ±â€…1.1 to 6.8 ±â€…3.5, P < .001). All PSQI subscores decreased in the Guasha group after 4 weeks of Guasha intervention (all P < .05), except for the use of sleep medication, since the use of such drugs was an exclusion criterion. The HAMA index scores did not change in the control or Guasha group (both P > .05). Holographic Guasha appears to achieve better sleep outcomes than conventional treatment in improving the sleep quality of older adults with hypertension living in the community. The participants were not randomly assigned to the treatments, and the results should be confirmed in a formal trial.


Assuntos
Holografia , Hipertensão , Qualidade do Sono , Humanos , Idoso , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Prospectivos , Holografia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Ann Med ; 56(1): 2353377, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767211

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: It is widely known that sleep disorders are a common problem among older persons. Few reviews have described current knowledge about the holistic concept of sleep health of community-dwelling older people. AIM: This study aimed to describe the current state of knowledge and identify research gaps concerning sleep health among community-dwelling older persons. METHOD: We conducted a scoping review. Searches were conducted in three databases (Medline, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) to identify scientific articles including outcomes with all five sleep health dimensions (sleep duration, sleep continuity, timing, wakefulness/daytime sleepiness, and sleep quality) among community-dwelling older persons aged ≥65 years. Eight articles were included from a total of 1826 hits, with sample sizes between 1413 and 6485. RESULTS: The sleep health outcomes of community-dwelling older adults differed between the sexes. Older persons with at least two or more poor sleep health dimensions might have increased risk for depression, higher healthcare costs and mortality, while self-reported better sleep health might be associated with lower odds of frailty. CONCLUSION: Future research is needed to confirm the findings by investigating the multidimensional concept of sleep health in a general older population. The identified knowledge gaps are how persons ≥80 years' experience their sleep health, and how sleep medicine is prescribed to treat sleep problems in persons ≥80 years in different care contexts.


Assuntos
Vida Independente , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Masculino , Feminino , Qualidade do Sono , Sono/fisiologia
18.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303209, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768146

RESUMO

Mental health issues are markedly increased in individuals with autism, making it the number one research priority by stakeholders. There is a crucial need to use personalized approaches to understand the underpinnings of mental illness in autism and consequently, to address individual needs. Based on the risk factors identified in typical mental research, we propose the following themes central to mental health issues in autism: sleep difficulties and stress. Indeed, the prevalence of manifold circadian disruptions and sleep difficulties in autism, alongside stress related to sensory overload, forms an integral part of autistic symptomatology. This proof-of-concept study protocol outlines an innovative, individualised approach towards investigating the interrelationships between stress indices, sleep and circadian activation patterns, and sensory sensitivity in autism. Embracing an individualized methodology, we aim to collect 14 days of data per participant from 20 individuals with autism diagnoses and 20 without. Participants' sleep will be monitored using wearable EEG headbands and a sleep diary. Diurnal tracking of heart rate and electrodermal activity through wearables will serve as proxies of stress. Those objective data will be synchronized with subjective experience traces collected throughout the day using the Temporal Experience Tracing (TET) method. TET facilitates the quantification of relevant aspects of individual experience states, such as stress or sensory sensitivities, by providing a continuous multidimensional description of subjective experiences. Capturing the dynamics of subjective experiences phase-locked to neural and physiological proxies both between and within individuals, this approach has the potential to contribute to our understanding of critical issues in autism, including sleep problems, sensory reactivity and stress. The planned strives to provide a pathway towards developing a more nuanced and individualized approach to addressing mental health in autism.


Assuntos
Transtorno Autístico , Ritmo Circadiano , Estresse Psicológico , Humanos , Transtorno Autístico/fisiopatologia , Transtorno Autístico/psicologia , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Qualidade do Sono , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Adolescente , Sono/fisiologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem , Eletroencefalografia
19.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1368178, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694975

RESUMO

Background: Shift work can disrupt sleep quality and gut health. Nurses and midwives constitute approximately half of the global healthcare shift-working workforce. Our previous study revealed that most midwives were experiencing suboptimal health conditions, characterized by poor sleep quality and a high prevalence of gastrointestinal diseases. The gut-brain axis theory highlights the potential interplay between sleep quality and gut health. However, limited research focuses on this relationship among midwives. Methods: A cross-sectional survey included 2041 midwives from 87 Chinese hospitals between March and October 2023. Participants completed standardized questionnaires assessing sleep quality, gut health, depression, anxiety, and work stress. Binary logistic regression analyzed factors associated with poor sleep, and multiple linear regression examined the influence of sleep quality on gut health. Results: Over 60% of midwives reported poor sleep, with many experiencing gastrointestinal disorders. We observed a bidirectional relationship between sleep quality and gut health among midwives. After multivariable adjustments, midwives with higher gut health scores were more likely to experience poor sleep quality (odds ratio = 1.042, 95% confidence interval = 1.03-1.054). Conversely, midwives with higher sleep quality scores were also more likely to have poor gut health (ß = 0.222, 95% confidence interval = 0.529-0.797). These associations remained robust across sensitivity analyses. Furthermore, depression, anxiety, and work stress significantly affected both sleep quality and gut health among midwives. Conclusion: This study enhances our understanding of the intricate relationship between sleep quality and gut health among midwives. Poor gut health was associated with a higher risk of poor sleep, and vice versa. To improve the overall wellbeing of midwives, the findings emphasize the importance of addressing poor sleep quality and promoting gut health through maintaining a healthy diet, lifestyle, and good mental health. Further studies are needed to confirm our findings and clarify the underlying mechanisms.


Assuntos
Qualidade do Sono , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , China/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tocologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia
20.
Psychosom Med ; 86(4): 252-260, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724036

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests a link between positive social relationship perceptions and improved sleep (e.g., quality, efficiency) across the life span. Less work has probed the directionality of these relationships. Here, we report findings from the first study to examine bidirectional between- and within-person associations between loneliness and emotional support with daily life measures of sleep. METHODS: Participants were 389 healthy adults aged 40 to 64 years (61% female) who completed hourly surveys assessing loneliness and perceptions of emotional support over the course of 4 days. Measures of actigraphy-assessed sleep and nightly sleep quality were also assessed for 7 to 10 days. RESULTS: Individuals with lower average daily loneliness showed higher sleep quality and efficiency than individuals with higher loneliness (r = -0.19, p < .001; r = -0.14, p = .008, respectively), and greater average emotional support was likewise linked with better sleep quality (r = 0.18, p < .001). Controlling for neuroticism attenuated the effects of average loneliness on sleep. Within-person analyses showed unexpected bidirectional effects. Specifically, days in which people felt relatively lonelier were followed by nights with greater sleep efficiency (γ = 1.08, p = .015), and nights when people reported relatively poorer sleep quality were followed by days with greater emotional support (γ = -0.04, p = .013). These unexpected findings are probed in exploratory analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with higher loneliness and lower emotional support report poorer sleep quality and efficiency, on average. Day-to-day fluctuations in perceptions of social relationships may affect the following night's sleep, and vice versa.


Assuntos
Actigrafia , Solidão , Qualidade do Sono , Apoio Social , Humanos , Solidão/psicologia , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sono/fisiologia
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