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1.
Med Eng Phys ; 126: 104160, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621842

RESUMO

In this study, amino-functionalized mesoporous silica/hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (MSNS/HAP) with the property of acid dissociation have been prepared as a traditional Chinese medicine monomer carriers to improve the drug loading rate and antibacterial properties of antimicrobial quercetin (QUE) in vitro. The experimental results confirm that the drug loading rate of MSNs/HAP is 28.94 %, which is about 3.6 times higher than that of aminated mesoporous sililca nanoparticles (MSNs). The drug release of QUE on MSNs/HAP is pH-sensitive in phosphate buffered saline (pH=4.0-7.4). The above fabricated traditional Chinese medicine monomer modified nanocomposites (QUE@MSNs/HAP) displays concentration-dependent inhibitory effect, which shows better antibacterial effect than free QUE. The minimum inhibitory concentration for two tested bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) and Escherichia coli (E.coli), is 256 mg·L -1. In summary, QUE@MSNs/HAP have successfully prepared, which not only improves the bio-availability of QUE, but also has acid-sensitive drug release properties. Compared with free QUE, its antibacterial performance significantly enhances, which provides a theoretical basis for the application of Chinese medicine molecules in bacterial treatment.


Assuntos
Durapatita , Nanopartículas , Quercetina/farmacologia , Dióxido de Silício/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Porosidade , Portadores de Fármacos
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(5): 1378-1387, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621986

RESUMO

This paper aims to study the pharmacokinetic differences of twelve effective constituents(succinic acid, neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, protocatechuic aldehyde, caffeic acid, 5-O-ferulogeninic acid, p-coumaric acid, nuciferine, quercetin, oleanolic acid, and ursolic acid) in Qihe Fenqing Yin in normal and diabetic rats. The diabetic rat model was established by a high-fat diet combined with intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin. A UHPLC-QTRAP-MS/MS method was established for the simultaneous determination of 12 constituents in the plasma of normal rats and model rats after a single intragastric administration of Qihe Fenqing Yin. The results show that the established analytical method has a good linear relationship with the 12 components, and the specificity, accuracy, precision, and stability meet the requirements. The computational pharmacokinetic parameters are fitted by DAS 3.2.8 software, and the results show that the half-life time(t_(1/2)) of the other nine components in the model group was longer than that in the normal group except for caffeic acid, 5-O-ferulogeninic acid, and oleanolic acid. The area under curve(AUC_(0-t)) of cryptochlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, ursolic acid, and oleanolic acid increases compared with the normal group. Meanwhile, mean residence time(MRT) delays. The "double peaks" of quercetin and nuciferine in the normal group are not observed in the model group, suggesting that the pharmacokinetic parameters of the drugs in the disease state are significantly different.


Assuntos
Ácidos Cafeicos , Ácidos Cumáricos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ácido Oleanólico , Ratos , Animais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Quercetina , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética
3.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301519, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578751

RESUMO

Rice blast disease, caused by the fungus Magnaporthe oryzae, poses a severe threat to rice production, particularly in Asia where rice is a staple food. Concerns over fungicide resistance and environmental impact have sparked interest in exploring natural fungicides as potential alternatives. This study aimed to identify highly potent natural fungicides against M. oryzae to combat rice blast disease, using advanced molecular dynamics techniques. Four key proteins (CATALASE PEROXIDASES 2, HYBRID PKS-NRPS SYNTHETASE TAS1, MANGANESE LIPOXYGENASE, and PRE-MRNA-SPLICING FACTOR CEF1) involved in M. oryzae's infection process were identified. A list of 30 plant metabolites with documented antifungal properties was compiled for evaluation as potential fungicides. Molecular docking studies revealed that 2-Coumaroylquinic acid, Myricetin, Rosmarinic Acid, and Quercetin exhibited superior binding affinities compared to reference fungicides (Azoxystrobin and Tricyclazole). High throughput molecular dynamics simulations were performed, analyzing parameters like RMSD, RMSF, Rg, SASA, hydrogen bonds, contact analysis, Gibbs free energy, and cluster analysis. The results revealed stable interactions between the selected metabolites and the target proteins, involving important hydrogen bonds and contacts. The SwissADME server analysis indicated that the metabolites possess fungicide properties, making them effective and safe fungicides with low toxicity to the environment and living beings. Additionally, bioactivity assays confirmed their biological activity as nuclear receptor ligands and enzyme inhibitors. Overall, this study offers valuable insights into potential natural fungicides for combating rice blast disease, with 2-Coumaroylquinic acid, Myricetin, Rosmarinic Acid, and Quercetin standing out as promising and environmentally friendly alternatives to conventional fungicides. These findings have significant implications for developing crop protection strategies and enhancing global food security, particularly in rice-dependent regions.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Fungicidas Industriais , Magnaporthe , Oryza , Ácido Quínico/análogos & derivados , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Quercetina/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Oryza/microbiologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
4.
Molecules ; 29(7)2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611933

RESUMO

Few sclerophyllous plants from the central coast of Chile have been systematically studied. This work describes the phytochemical composition and antimicrobial properties of Baccharis concava Pers. (sin. B. macraei), a shrub found in the first line and near the Pacific coast. B. concava has been traditionally used by indigenous inhabitants of today's central Chile for its medicinal properties. Few reports exist regarding the phytochemistry characterization and biological activities of B. concava. A hydroalcoholic extract of B. concava was prepared from leaves and small branches. Qualitative phytochemical characterization indicated the presence of alkaloids, steroids, terpenoids, flavonoids, phenolic, and tannin compounds. The antimicrobial activity of this extract was assessed in a panel of microorganisms including Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria, and pathogenic yeasts. The extract displayed an important antimicrobial effect against Gram-positive bacteria, Candida albicans, and Cryptococcus neoformans but not against Gram-negatives, for which an intact Lipopolysaccharide is apparently the determinant of resistance to B. concava extracts. The hydroalcoholic extract was then fractionated through a Sephadex LH-20/methanol-ethyl acetate column. Afterward, the fractions were pooled according to a similar pattern visualized by TLC/UV analysis. Fractions obtained by this criterion were assessed for their antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. The fraction presenting the most antimicrobial activity was HPLC-ESI-MS/MS, obtaining molecules related to caffeoylquinic acid, dicaffeoylquinic acid, and quercetin, among others. In conclusion, the extracts of B. concava showed strong antimicrobial activity, probably due to the presence of metabolites derived from phenolic acids, such as caffeoylquinic acid, and flavonoids, such as quercetin, which in turn could be responsible for helping with wound healing. In addition, the development of antimicrobial therapies based on the molecules found in B. concava could help to combat infection caused by pathogenic yeasts and Gram-positive bacteria, without affecting the Gram-negative microbiota.


Assuntos
Baccharis , Quercetina , Ácido Quínico/análogos & derivados , Chile , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612598

RESUMO

Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), a widespread inflammatory condition impacting the abdomen with a high mortality rate, poses challenges due to its unclear pathogenesis and the absence of effective treatment options. Isorhamnetin (ISO), a naturally occurring flavonoid, demonstrates robust antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties intricately linked to the modulation of mitochondrial function. However, the specific protective impact of ISO on SAP remains to be fully elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that ISO treatment significantly alleviated pancreatic damage and reduced serum lipase and amylase levels in the mouse model of SAP induced by sodium taurocholate (STC) or L-arginine. Utilizing an in vitro SAP cell model, we found that ISO co-administration markedly prevented STC-induced pancreatic acinar cell necrosis, primarily by inhibiting mitochondrial ROS generation, preserving ATP production, maintaining mitochondrial membrane potential, and preventing the oxidative damage and release of mitochondrial DNA. Mechanistically, our investigation identified that high-temperature requirement A2 (HtrA2) may play a central regulatory role in mediating the protective effect of ISO on mitochondrial dysfunction in STC-injured acinar cells. Furthermore, through an integrated approach involving bioinformatics analysis, molecular docking analysis, and experimental validation, we uncovered that ISO may directly impede the histone demethylation activity of KDM5B, leading to the restoration of pancreatic HtrA2 expression and thereby preserving mitochondrial function in pancreatic acinar cells following STC treatment. In conclusion, this study not only sheds new light on the intricate molecular complexities associated with mitochondrial dysfunction during the progression of SAP but also underscores the promising value of ISO as a natural therapeutic option for SAP.


Assuntos
Doenças Mitocondriais , Pancreatite , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Camundongos , Pancreatite/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Aguda , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Mitocôndrias , Transdução de Sinais
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612842

RESUMO

The tumor microenvironment (TME) plays an essential role in tumor progression and in modulating tumor response to anticancer therapy. Cellular senescence leads to a switch in the cell secretome, characterized by the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), which may regulate tumorigenesis. Senolytic therapy is considered a novel anticancer strategy that eliminates the deleterious effects of senescent cells in the TME. Here, we show that two different types of senolytic drugs, despite efficiently depleting senescent cells, have opposite effects on cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and their ability to regulate epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We found that senolytic drugs, navitoclax and the combination of dasatinib/quercetin, reduced the number of spontaneously senescent and TNF-induced senescent CAFs. Despite the depletion of senescent cells, the combination of dasatinib/quercetin versus navitoclax increased the secretion of the SASP pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6. This differential effect correlated with the promotion of enhanced migration and EMT in MC38 colorectal cancer cells. Our results demonstrate that some senolytics may have side effects unrelated to their senolytic activity and may promote tumorigenesis. We argue for more careful and extensive studies of the effects of senolytics on various aspects of tumor progression and tumor resistance to therapy before the senolytic strategy is implemented in the clinic.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , Senoterapia , Sulfonamidas , Humanos , Dasatinibe/farmacologia , Quercetina/farmacologia , Carcinogênese , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Citocinas , Microambiente Tumoral
7.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1366197, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38601156

RESUMO

Introduction: Chemotherapy remains the mainstay treatment for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) due to the lack of specific targets. Given a modest response of immune checkpoint inhibitors in TNBC patients, improving immunotherapy is an urgent and crucial task in this field. CD73 has emerged as a novel immunotherapeutic target, given its elevated expression on tumor, stromal, and specific immune cells, and its established role in inhibiting anti-cancer immunity. CD73-generated adenosine suppresses immunity by attenuating tumor-infiltrating T- and NK-cell activation, while amplifying regulatory T cell activation. Chemotherapy often leads to increased CD73 expression and activity, further suppressing anti-tumor immunity. While debulking the tumor mass, chemotherapy also enriches heterogenous cancer stem cells (CSC), potentially leading to tumor relapse. Therefore, drugs targeting both CD73, and CSCs hold promise for enhancing chemotherapy efficacy, overcoming treatment resistance, and improving clinical outcomes. However, safe and effective inhibitors of CD73 have not been developed as of now. Methods: We used in silico docking to screen compounds that may be repurposed for inhibiting CD73. The efficacy of these compounds was investigated through flow cytometry, RT-qPCR, CD73 activity, cell viability, tumorsphere formation, and other in vitro functional assays. For assessment of clinical translatability, TNBC patient-derived xenograft organotypic cultures were utilized. We also employed the ovalbumin-expressing AT3 TNBC mouse model to evaluate tumor-specific lymphocyte responses. Results: We identified quercetin and luteolin, currently used as over-the-counter supplements, to have high in silico complementarity with CD73. When quercetin and luteolin were combined with the chemotherapeutic paclitaxel in a triple-drug regimen, we found an effective downregulation in paclitaxel-enhanced CD73 and CSC-promoting pathways YAP and Wnt. We found that CD73 expression was required for the maintenance of CD44highCD24low CSCs, and co-targeting CD73, YAP, and Wnt effectively suppressed the growth of human TNBC cell lines and patient-derived xenograft organotypic cultures. Furthermore, triple-drug combination inhibited paclitaxel-enriched CSCs and simultaneously improved lymphocyte infiltration in syngeneic TNBC mouse tumors. Discussion: Conclusively, our findings elucidate the significance of CSCs in impairing anti-tumor immunity. The high efficacy of our triple-drug regimen in clinically relevant platforms not only underscores the importance for further mechanistic investigations but also paves the way for potential development of new, safe, and cost-effective therapeutic strategies for TNBC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Quercetina/farmacologia , Luteolina/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo
8.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 30(4): e14724, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is a serious mental disorder and the most prevalent cause of disability and suicide worldwide. Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) can lead to a significant acceleration of depression development. Quercetin (Que) is a flavonoid compound with a wide range of pharmacological effects. Recent studies have shown that quercetin can improve CUMS-induced depression-like behavior, but the mechanism of its improvement is still unclear. α2δ-1 is a regulatory subunit of voltage-gated calcium channel, which can interact with N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) to form a complex. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we found that Que could inhibit the increase of α2δ-1 and NMDAR expression in rat hypothalamus induced by CUMS. In pain, chronic hypertension and other studies have shown that α2δ-1 interacts with the NMDAR to form a complex, which subsequently affects the expression level of NMDAR. Consequently, the present study aimed to investigate the antidepressant effect of Que in vivo and in vitro and to explore its mechanism of action in terms of the interaction between α2δ-1 and NMDAR. METHODS: Rats were randomly exposed to two stressors every day for 4 weeks to establish a CUMS rat model, then sucrose preference test (SPT), forced swimming test (FST), tail suspension test (TST), and open field test (OFT) were performed to detect the behavior of CUMS rats, so as to evaluate whether the CUMS rat model was successfully established and the improvement effect of Que on CUMS-induced depression-like behavior in rats. Experimental techniques such as serum enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), immunofluorescence, Western blot, and co-immunoprecipitation, as well as in vitro experiments, were used to investigate the mechanisms by which Que exerts its antidepressant effects. RESULTS: Behavioral and ELISA test results showed that Que could produce a reduction in the excitability of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in CUMS rats and lead to significant improvements in their depressive behavior. Western blot, immunofluorescence, and co-immunoprecipitation experiments showed that Que produced a decrease in NMDAR1 and α2δ-1 expression levels and interfered with α2δ-1 and NMDAR1 binding. In addition, the neural regulation mechanism of Que on antidepressant effect in PC12 cells knocked out α2δ-1 gene was further verified. Cellular experiments demonstrated that Que led to a reversal of up-regulation of NMDAR1 and α2δ-1 expression levels in corticosterone-injured PC12 cells, while Que had no effects on NMDAR1 expression in PC12 cells with the α2δ-1 gene knockout. CONCLUSIONS: Que has a good antidepressant effect and can significantly improve the depression-like behavior caused by CUMS. It exerts antidepressant effects by inhibiting the expression level of α2δ-1, interfering with the interaction between α2δ-1 and NMDAR, and then reducing the excitability of the HPA axis.


Assuntos
Quercetina , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato , Humanos , Animais , Ratos , Quercetina/farmacologia , Quercetina/uso terapêutico , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Depressão/etiologia , Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário , Sistema Hipófise-Suprarrenal , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico
9.
Int J Med Sci ; 21(5): 904-913, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617002

RESUMO

Dysregulation of cellular metabolism is a key marker of cancer, and it is suggested that metabolism should be considered as a targeted weakness of colorectal cancer. Increased polyamine metabolism is a common metabolic change in tumors. Thus, targeting polyamine metabolism for anticancer therapy, particularly polyamine blockade therapy, has gradually become a hot topic. Quercetin-3-methyl ether is a natural compound existed in various plants with diverse biological activities like antioxidant and antiaging. Here, we reported that Quercetin-3-methyl ether inhibits colorectal cancer cell viability, and promotes apoptosis in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. Intriguingly, the polyamine levels, including spermidine and spermine, in colorectal cancer cells were reduced upon treatment of Quercetin-3-methyl ether. This is likely resulted from the downregulation of SMOX, a key enzyme in polyamine metabolism that catalyzes the oxidation of spermine to spermidine. These findings suggest Quercetin-3-methyl ether decreases cellular polyamine level by suppressing SMOX expression, thereby inducing colorectal cancer cell apoptosis. Our results also reveal a correlation between the anti-tumor activity of Quercetin-3-methyl ether and the polyamine metabolism modulation, which may provide new insights into a better understanding of the pharmacological activity of Quercetin-3-methyl ether and how it reprograms cellular polyamine metabolism.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Neoplasias Colorretais , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Poliaminas , Espermidina , Espermina , Apoptose , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico
10.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 18: 1115-1131, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38618280

RESUMO

Background: The ChaiShao Shugan Formula (CSSGF) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula with recently identified therapeutic value in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). This study aimed to elucidate the underlying mechanism of CSSGF in TNBC treatment. Methods: TNBC targets were analyzed using R and data were from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. The major ingredients and related protein targets of CSSGF were explored via the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology database, and an ingredient-target network was constructed via Cytoscape to identify hub genes. The STRING database was used to construct the PPI network. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses were performed via R to obtain the main targets. The online tool Kaplan‒Meier plotter was used to identify the prognostic genes. Molecular docking was applied to the core target genes and active ingredients. MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cell lines were used to verify the efficacy of the various drugs. Results: A total of 4562 genes were screened as TNBC target genes. The PPI network consisted of 89 nodes and 845 edges. Our study indicated that quercetin, beta-sitosterol, luteolin and catechin might be the core ingredients of CSSGF, and EGFR and c-Myc might be the latent therapeutic targets of CSSGF in the treatment of TNBC. GO and KEGG analyses indicated that the anticancer effect of CSSGF on TNBC was mainly associated with DNA binding, transcription factor binding, and other biological processes. The related signaling pathways mainly involved the TNF-a, IL-17, and apoptosis pathways. The molecular docking data indicated that quercetin, beta-sitosterol, luteolin, and catechin had high affinity for EGFR, JUN, Caspase-3 and ESR1, respectively. In vitro, we found that CSSGF could suppress the expression of c-Myc or promote the expression of EGFR. In addition, we found that quercetin downregulates c-Myc expression in two BC cell lines. Conclusion: This study revealed the effective ingredients and latent molecular mechanism of action of CSSGF against TNBC and confirmed that quercetin could target c-Myc to induce anti-BC effects.


Assuntos
Catequina , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Luteolina , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Quercetina , Células MCF-7 , Receptores ErbB/genética
11.
Mol Med Rep ; 29(6)2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606505

RESUMO

Spontaneous abortion (SA) occurs in woman of child­bearing age, jeopardizing their physical and mental health. Quercetin is a natural flavonoid, which exhibits a variety of pharmacological activities. However, the role and mechanisms of quercetin in SA still need to be further explored. Animal experiments were performed to examine the effect of quercetin in treating SA. Institute of Cancer Research mice were injected with lipopolysaccharide into the tail vein on the 7th day of gestation to establish a SA model. Gavage was performed during days 3­8 of gestation with high­, medium­ and low­dose of quercetin. Then the effect of quercetin on embryos was evaluated. Animal experiment showed that quercetin could remarkably reduce the embryo loss rate and increase the mean weight of surviving embryos to some degree. Furthermore, network pharmacology was employed to explore the underlying mechanisms of quercetin in the treatment of SA. Several databases were used to collect the targets of SA and quercetin. Protein­protein interaction network, Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis were performed to elucidate the interactions between SA and quercetin. The relative mRNA expressions of several targets in uterine were detected by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT­qPCR). Network pharmacology indicated that the effects of quercetin in treating SA were mainly related to hormone response and the modulation of defense response and inflammatory response, involving signaling pathways such as PI3K­Akt, VEGF, MAPK and core targets such as AKT1, albumin, caspase­3. RT­qPCR showed that quercetin could up­regulate AKT1, MAPK1, PGR, SGK1 and down­regulate ESR1, MAPK3. The results showed that quercetin may modulate multiple signaling pathways by targeting core targets to prevent and treat SA.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Experimentação Animal , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Animais , Camundongos , Quercetina/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Farmacologia em Rede , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
12.
Food Res Int ; 184: 114269, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609247

RESUMO

An O1/W/O2 double emulsion gel, as a functional fat substitute and based on nanoemulsions and hydrophobic Pickering particles, is prepared by two-step emulsification to co-encapsulate hydrophilic cyanidin and hydrophobic quercetin. Nanoemulsions loading quercetin are fabricated by Tween-80 and combining high-speed and high-pressure emulsification. Phytosterol nanoparticles stabilize the W-O2 interface of the secondary emulsion to load cyanidin in the W phase. The concentration of Tween-80 is optimized as 0.3% by the droplet size and viscosity of nanoemulsions. The structural stability of double emulsion gels will be weakened along with the increase of nanoemulsions, showing lower modulus and encapsulation efficiency (EE) and bigger droplets. In double emulsion gels, the EE of quercetin and cyanidin reaches 93% and 85.6%, respectively. Analysis of molecular interaction indicates that Tween-80 would decrease the in-situ hydrophobicity of phytosterol nanoparticles by hydrogen bonding adsorption, thereby weakening the emulsification. The pH-chromic 3D printing of double emulsion gels is designed according to the pH sensitivity of cyanidin. Texture profile analysis is performed to test the textural properties of 3D-printed objects. The simulated digestion is conducted on double emulsion gels. The double emulsion gel with fewer nanoemulsions is beneficial for protecting quercetin and improving the delivery due to the higher structural stability, while that with more nanoemulsions is conducive to the digestion of cyanidin and camellia oil due to weakened semi-solid properties. This double emulsion gel further simulates fat tissues by co-encapsulating hydrophilic and hydrophobic substances, promoting the application of fat substitutes in the food industry.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Substitutos da Gordura , Fitosteróis , Emulsões , Polissorbatos , Quercetina , Géis
13.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 169, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609998

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and AXL tyrosine kinase receptor are known to be involved in the SARS-CoV-2 entry of the host cell. Therefore, targeting ACE2 and AXL should be an effective strategy to inhibit virus entry into cells. However, developing agents that can simultaneously target ACE2 and AXL remains a formidable task. The natural compound quercetin has been shown to inhibit AXL expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we employed PLGA nanoparticles to prepare nanoparticles encapsulated with quercetin, coated with ACE2-containing cell membranes, or encapsulated with quercetin and then coated with ACE-2-containing cell membranes. These nanoparticles were tested for their abilities to neutralize or inhibit viral infection. RESULTS: Our data showed that nanoparticles encapsulated with quercetin and then coated with ACE2-containing cell membrane inhibited the expression of AXL without causing cytotoxic activity. Nanoparticles incorporated with both quercetin and ACE2-containing cell membrane were found to be able to neutralize pseudo virus infection and were more effective than free quercetin and nanoparticles encapsulated with quercetin at inhibition of pseudo virus and SARS-CoV-2 infection. CONCLUSIONS: We have shown that the biomimetic nanoparticles incorporated with both ACE-2 membrane and quercetin showed the most antiviral activity and may be further explored for clinical application.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Quercetina/farmacologia , Quercetina/uso terapêutico , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 275: 116262, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569320

RESUMO

The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a key ligand-dependent transcription factor that mediates the toxic effects of compounds such as dioxin. Recently, natural ligands of AHR, including flavonoids, have been attracting physiological and toxicological attention as they have been reported to regulate major biological functions such as inflammation and anti-cancer by reducing the toxic effects of dioxin. Additionally, it is known that natural AHR ligands can accumulate in wildlife tissues, such as fish. However, studies in fish have investigated only a few ligands in experimental fish species, and the AHR response of marine fish to natural AHR ligands of various other structures has not been thoroughly investigated. To explore various natural AHR ligands in marine fish, which make up the most fish, it is necessary to develop new screening methods that consider the specificity of marine fish. In this study, we investigated the response of natural ligands by constructing in vitro and in silico experimental systems using red seabream as a model species. We attempted to develop a new predictive model to screen potential ligands that can induce transcriptional activation of red seabream AHR1 and AHR2 (rsAHR1 and rsAHR2). This was achieved through multiple analyses using in silico/ in vitro data and Tox21 big data. First, we constructed an in vitro reporter gene assay of rsAHR1 and rsAHR2 and measured the response of 10 representatives natural AHR ligands in COS-7 cells. The results showed that FICZ, Genistein, Daidzein, I3C, DIM, Quercetin and Baicalin induced the transcriptional activity of rsAHR1 and rsAHR2, while Resveratrol and Retinol did not induce the transcriptional activity of rsAHR isoforms. Comparing the EC50 values of the respective compounds in rsAHR1 and rsAHR2, FICZ, Genistein, and Daidzein exhibited similar isoform responses, but I3C, Baicalin, DIM and Quercetin show the isoform-specific responses. These results suggest that natural AHR ligands have specific profiling and transcriptional activity for each rsAHR isoform. In silico analysis, we constructed homology models of the ligand binding domains (LBDs) of rsAHR1 and rsAHR2 and calculated the docking energies (U_dock values) of natural ligands with measured in vitro transcriptional activity and dioxins reported in previous studies. The results showed a significant correlation (R2=0.74(rsAHR1), R2=0.83(rsAHR2)) between docking energy and transcriptional activity (EC50) value, suggesting that the homology model of rsAHR1 and rsAHR2 can be utilized to predict the potential transactivation of ligands. To broaden the applicability of the homology model to diverse compound structures and validate the correlation with transcriptional activity, we conducted additional analyses utilizing Tox21 big data. We calculated the docking energy values for 1860 chemicals in both rsAHR1 and rsAHR2, which were tested for transcriptional activation in Tox21 data against human AHR. By comparing the U_dock energy values between 775 active compounds and 1085 inactive compounds, a significant difference (p<0.001) was observed between the U_dock energy values in the two groups, suggesting that the U_dock value can be applied to distinguish the activation of compounds. Furthermore, we observed a significant correlation (R2=0.45) between the AC50 of Tox21 database and U_dock values of human AHR model. In conclusion, we calculated equations to translate the results of an in silico prediction model for ligand screening of rsAHR1 and rsAHR2 transactivation. This ligand screening model can be a powerful tool to quantitatively estimate AHR transactivation of major marine agents to which red seabream may be exposed. The study introduces a new screening approach for potential natural AHR ligands in marine fish, based on homology model-docking energy values of rsAHR1 and rsAHR2, with implications for future agonist development and applications bridging in silico and in vitro data.


Assuntos
Dioxinas , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas , Dourada , Animais , Humanos , Dourada/genética , Dourada/metabolismo , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/metabolismo , Dioxinas/metabolismo , Ligantes , Quercetina , Genisteína/toxicidade , Genisteína/metabolismo , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/metabolismo , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética
15.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 231, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561656

RESUMO

Litsea coreana Levl. var. sinensis (Allen) Yang et P. H. Huang is a popular ethnic herb and beverage plant known for its high flavonoid content, which has been linked to a variety of pharmacological benefits and crucial health-promoting impacts in humans. The progress in understanding the molecular mechanisms of flavonoid accumulation in this plant has been hindered due to the deficiency of genomic and transcriptomic resources. We utilized a combination of Illumina and Oxford Nanopore Technology (ONT) sequencing to generate a de novo hybrid transcriptome assembly. In total, 126,977 unigenes were characterized, out of which 107,977 were successfully annotated in seven public databases. Within the annotated unigenes, 3,781 were categorized into 58 transcription factor families. Furthermore, we investigated the presence of four valuable flavonoids-quercetin-3-O-ß-D-galactoside, quercetin-3-O-ß-D-glucoside, kaempferol-3-O-ß-D-galactoside, and kaempferol-3-O-ß-D-glucoside in 98 samples, using high-performance liquid chromatography. A weighted gene co-expression network analysis identified two co-expression modules, MEpink and MEturquoise, that showed strong positive correlation with flavonoid content. Within these modules, four transcription factor genes (R2R3-MYB, NAC, WD40, and ARF) and four key enzyme-encoding genes (CHI, F3H, PAL, and C4H) emerged as potential hub genes. Among them, the R2R3-MYB (LcsMYB123) as a homologous gene to AtMYB123/TT2, was speculated to play a significant role in flavonol biosynthesis based on phylogenetic analysis. Our findings provided a theoretical foundation for further research into the molecular mechanisms of flavonoid biosynthesis. Additionally, The hybrid transcriptome sequences will serve as a valuable molecular resource for the transcriptional annotation of L. coreana var. sinensis, which will contribute to the improvement of high-flavonoid materials.


Assuntos
Litsea , Transcriptoma , Humanos , Litsea/genética , Litsea/metabolismo , Quercetina , Filogenia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Flavonoides/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
16.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 19: 3259-3273, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38601347

RESUMO

Purpose: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease involving synovial inflammation and joint destruction. Although therapeutic drugs for RA have some efficacy, they usually cause severe side effects and are expensive. RA is characterized by synovial hyperplasia, intra-articular hypoxia, upregulated expression of matrix metalloproteinases, and excessive accumulation of reactive oxygen species. The adverse microenvironment further aggravates activated macrophage infiltration. Therefore, controlling the microenvironment of diseased tissues and targeting the activated macrophages have become new therapeutic targets in RA patients. Methods: Here, microenvironment-targeting micelles (PVGLIG-MTX-Que-Ms) were synthesized using the thin film hydration method. In the inflammatory microenvironment, PVGLIG was cleaved by the highly expressed MMP-2, PEG5000 was eliminated, MTX was exposed, macrophage activation was targeted, and Que enrichment was enhanced. The cytotoxicity, targeting, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties of drug-loaded micelles were tested in vitro. The drug-loaded micelles were used to treat CIA rats. In vivo targeting, expression of serum inflammatory factors, immunohistochemistry of the articular cartilage, and changes in immunofluorescence staining were observed. Results: The developed micelles had a particle size of (89.62 ±1.33) nm and a zeta potential of (-4.9 ±0.53) mV. The IC50 value of PVGLIG-MTX-Que-Ms (185.90 ±6.98) µmol/L was significantly lower than that of free Que (141.10 ±6.39) µmol/L. The synthesized micelles exhibited slow-release properties, low cytotoxicity, strong targeting abilities, and significant anti-inflammatory effects in vitro. In vivo, the drug-loaded micelles accumulated at the joint site for a long time. PVGLIG-MTX-Que-Ms significantly reduced joint swelling, improved bone destruction, and decreased the expression of serum inflammatory factors in CIA rats. Conclusion: The smart-targeting micelles PVGLIG-MTX-Que-Ms with strong targeting, anti-inflammatory, cartilage-protective, and other multiple positive effects are a promising new tool for RA treatment.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Metotrexato/química , Micelas , Quercetina/farmacologia , Quercetina/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico
17.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0298201, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626042

RESUMO

Covid-19 disease caused by the deadly SARS-CoV-2 virus is a serious and threatening global health issue declared by the WHO as an epidemic. Researchers are studying the design and discovery of drugs to inhibit the SARS-CoV-2 virus due to its high mortality rate. The main Covid-19 virus protease (Mpro) and human transmembrane protease, serine 2 (TMPRSS2) are attractive targets for the study of antiviral drugs against SARS-2 coronavirus. Increasing consumption of herbal medicines in the community and a serious approach to these drugs have increased the demand for effective herbal substances. Alkaloids are one of the most important active ingredients in medicinal plants that have wide applications in the pharmaceutical industry. In this study, seven alkaloid ligands with Quercetin nucleus for the inhibition of Mpro and TMPRSS2 were studied using computational drug design including molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation (MD). Auto Dock software was used to evaluate molecular binding energy. Three ligands with the most negative docking score were selected to be entered into the MD simulation procedure. To evaluate the protein conformational changes induced by tested ligands and calculate the binding energy between the ligands and target proteins, GROMACS software based on AMBER03 force field was used. The MD results showed that Phyllospadine and Dracocephin-A form stable complexes with Mpro and TMPRSS2. Prolinalin-A indicated an acceptable inhibitory effect on Mpro, whereas it resulted in some structural instability of TMPRSS2. The total binding energies between three ligands, Prolinalin-A, Phyllospadine and Dracocephin-A and two proteins MPro and TMRPSS2 are (-111.235 ± 15.877, - 75.422 ± 11.140), (-107.033 ± 9.072, -84.939 ± 10.155) and (-102.941 ± 9.477, - 92.451 ± 10.539), respectively. Since the binding energies are at a minimum, this indicates confirmation of the proper binding of the ligands to the proteins. Regardless of some Prolinalin-A-induced TMPRSS2 conformational changes, it may properly bind to TMPRSS2 binding site due to its acceptable binding energy. Therefore, these three ligands can be promising candidates for the development of drugs to treat infections caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , COVID-19 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Quercetina/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteases/química , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/química
18.
J Vet Sci ; 25(2): e30, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biofilms, such as those from Staphylococcus epidermidis, are generally insensitive to traditional antimicrobial agents, making it difficult to inhibit their formation. Although quercetin has excellent antibiofilm effects, its clinical applications are limited by the lack of sustained and targeted release at the site of S. epidermidis infection. OBJECTIVES: Polyethylene glycol-quercetin nanoparticles (PQ-NPs)-loaded gelatin-N,O-carboxymethyl chitosan (N,O-CMCS) composite nanogels were prepared and assessed for the on-demand release potential for reducing S. epidermidis biofilm formation. METHODS: The formation mechanism, physicochemical characterization, and antibiofilm activity of PQ-nanogels against S. epidermidis were studied. RESULTS: Physicochemical characterization confirmed that PQ-nanogels had been prepared by the electrostatic interactions between gelatin and N,O-CMCS with sodium tripolyphosphate. The PQ-nanogels exhibited obvious pH and gelatinase-responsive to achieve on-demand release in the micro-environment (pH 5.5 and gelatinase) of S. epidermidis. In addition, PQ-nanogels had excellent antibiofilm activity, and the potential antibiofilm mechanism may enhance its antibiofilm activity by reducing its relative biofilm formation, surface hydrophobicity, exopolysaccharides production, and eDNA production. CONCLUSIONS: This study will guide the development of the dual responsiveness (pH and gelatinase) of nanogels to achieve on-demand release for reducing S. epidermidis biofilm formation.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Nanopartículas , Animais , Staphylococcus epidermidis/genética , Nanogéis , Gelatina/farmacologia , Quercetina/farmacologia , Biofilmes , Quitosana/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Gelatinases/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
19.
BMC Vet Res ; 20(1): 134, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Porcine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV) is one of the novel pathogens responsible for piglet diarrhea, contributing to substantial economic losses in the farming sector. The broad host range of SADS-CoV raises concerns regarding its potential for cross-species transmission. Currently, there are no effective means of preventing or treating SADS-CoV infection, underscoring the urgent need for identifying efficient antiviral drugs. This study focuses on evaluating quercetin as an antiviral agent against SADS-CoV. RESULTS: In vitro experiments showed that quercetin inhibited SADS-CoV proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner, targeting the adsorption and replication stages of the viral life cycle. Furthermore, quercetin disrupts the regulation of the P53 gene by the virus and inhibits host cell cycle progression induced by SADS-CoV infection. In vivo experiments revealed that quercetin effectively alleviated the clinical symptoms and intestinal pathological damage caused by SADS-CoV-infected piglets, leading to reduced expression levels of inflammatory factors such as TLR3, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, this study provides compelling evidence that quercetin has great potential and promising applications for anti- SADS-CoV action.


Assuntos
Alphacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Doenças dos Suínos , Suínos , Animais , Coronavirus/genética , Quercetina/farmacologia , Quercetina/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Diarreia/veterinária , Doenças dos Suínos/tratamento farmacológico
20.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 103(4): e14520, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570710

RESUMO

Quercetin, a bioactive natural compound renowned for its potent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiviral properties, has exhibited therapeutic potential in various diseases. Given that bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) development is closely linked to inflammation and oxidative stress, and quercetin, a robust antioxidant known to activate NRF2 and influence the ferroptosis pathway, offers promise for a wide range of age groups. Nonetheless, the specific role of quercetin in BPD remains largely unexplored. This study aims to uncover the target role of quercetin in BPD through a combination of network pharmacology, molecular docking, computer analyses, and experimental evaluations.


Assuntos
Displasia Broncopulmonar , Ferroptose , Hiperóxia , Animais , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Displasia Broncopulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Displasia Broncopulmonar/metabolismo , Hiperóxia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperóxia/metabolismo , Quercetina/farmacologia , Quercetina/uso terapêutico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Antioxidantes , Farmacologia em Rede
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