Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 48.234
Filtrar
1.
Cancer Med ; 13(7): e7146, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: De-escalation strategies for newly-diagnosed p16-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (p16+ OPSCC), aim to reduce treatment-related morbidity without compromising disease control. One strategy is neoadjuvant cisplatin and docetaxel chemotherapy (NAC + S) before transoral robotic surgery, with pathology-based risk-adapted adjuvant treatment. METHODS: We examined the recurrence-free survival (RFS) for patients who received NAC + S. RESULTS: Comparing outcomes in 103 patients between 2008 and 2023, 92% avoided adjuvant treatment and showed significantly higher 2-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) compared to those with adjuvant treatment (95.9% vs. 43.8%, p = 0.0049) CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that pathology-based risk-adapted omission of adjuvant treatment following NAC + S does not appear to elevate recurrence risk and that NAC may identify patients with favorable tumor biology, yielding a 2-year RFS probability exceeding 95% without adjuvant treatment. Further, the study identifies a patient subset experiencing disease recurrence despite triple modality therapy. Despite limitations, including a retrospective design and modest sample size, the data advocate for controlled NAC + S studies.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/etiologia
2.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 28(4): 365-374, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) constitutes the primary approach for treating resectable advanced gastric cancer (GC). However, the effectiveness of postoperative CT can differ across various patient groups. This retrospective study aimed to examine how variances in clinical and pathologic factors affect postoperative CT. METHODS: This study enrolled 2060 patients with GC who underwent curative gastrectomy at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital between January 2008 and December 2017, with 1277 receiving postoperative CT. This study used Kaplan-Meier to determine the effect of clinical and pathology factors on CT benefits. In addition, univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to identify independent prognosis risk factors. RESULTS: Both univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that the absence of postoperative CT is an independent factor associated with a poor prognosis in patients with GC. The Kaplan-Meier univariate analysis revealed that specific subgroups, including males, those with a normal body mass index (BMI), the elderly, individuals with gastric adenocarcinoma, cases of nerve invasion by the tumor, vascular invasion by the tumor, tumor size ≥ 5 cm, and Tumor, Node, Metastasis (TNM) stage III, exhibited improved treatment outcomes with the administration of postoperative CT. The creation of nomograms using Cox regression and the rms package holds significant clinical relevance. CONCLUSION: Postoperative CT is advantageous for prolonging the survival of advanced patients undergoing D2 gastrectomy, particularly in male patients, the elderly, individuals with a normal BMI score, those diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma, cases, in which the tumor invades nerves or blood vessels, patients with a tumor size of ≥5 cm, and those with a TNM stage of III, as it results in improved treatment outcomes within these subgroups.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/métodos
3.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 28(4): 375-380, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583886

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between sarcopenia and adverse events (AEs) of postoperative imatinib therapy through computed tomography (CT) quantitative body composition for intermediate- and high-risk gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). METHODS: The study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 208 patients with intermediate- and high-risk GIST treated surgically and treated with imatinib afterward at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University between October 2011 and October 2021. Images of preoperative CT scans within 1 month were used to determine the body composition of the patients. On the basis of the L3 skeletal muscle index, patients were classified into sarcopenia and nonsarcopenia groups. In 2 groups, AEs related to imatinib were analyzed. RESULTS: The proportion of AEs related to imatinib in the sarcopenia group was higher, and this disparity had a significant statistical significance (P = .013). Sarcopenia was significantly associated with hemoglobin reduction compared with nonsarcopenia (P = .015). There was a significant difference between the sarcopenia group and the nonsarcopenia group in the ratio of severe AEs (grades 3-4). Hemoglobin content (odds ratio [OR], 0.981; 95% CI, 0.963-1.000; P = .045), sex (OR, 0.416; 95% CI, 0.192-0.904; P = .027), and sarcopenia (OR, 5.631; 95% CI, 2.262-14.014; P < .001) were the influential factors of imatinib severe AEs in patients with intermediate- and high-risk GIST within 1 year after imatinib treatment. CONCLUSION: Patients with preoperative sarcopenia have a higher incidence and severity of AEs during adjuvant imatinib therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Sarcopenia , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcopenia/induzido quimicamente , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico por imagem , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Hemoglobinas , Tomografia , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos
4.
Acta Oncol ; 63: 125-136, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tamoxifen remains an important adjuvant treatment in premenopausal patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. Thus, determination of hormone receptors is important. Here, we compare cytosol-based methods, immunohistochemistry (IHC), and gene expression (GEX) analysis for determining hormone receptor status in premenopausal breast cancer patients from a randomised tamoxifen trial, to evaluate their performance in identifying patients that benefit from tamoxifen. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Premenopausal patients (n=564) were randomised to 2 years of tamoxifen or no systemic treatment. Estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status by protein expression measured by cytosol-based methods and IHC, and mRNA by GEX analysis were compared in 313 patients with available data from all methods. Kaplan Meier estimates and Cox regression were used to evaluate the treatment-predictive value for recurrence-free interval (RFi) and overall survival (OS). Median follow-up for event-free patients was 26 (RFi) and 33 (OS) years. RESULTS: The mRNA data of ESR1 and PGR distributed bimodally, patterns confirmed in an independent cohort. Kappa-values between all methods were 0.76 and 0.79 for ER and PR, respectively. Tamoxifen improved RFi in patients with ER-positive (ER+) or PR-positive (PR+) tumours (Hazard Ratio [HR] and 95% confidence interval [CI]), cytosol-ER+ 0.53 [0.36-0.79]; IHC-ER+ 0.55 [0.38-0.79]; GEX-ER+ 0.54 [0.37-0.77]; cytosol-PR+ 0.49 [0.34-0.72]; IHC-PR+ 0.58 [0.40-0.85]; GEX-PR+ 0.55 [0.38-0.80]). Results were similar for OS. INTERPRETATION: These methods can all identify patients that benefit from 2 years of tamoxifen with equal performance, indicating that GEX data might be used to guide adjuvant tamoxifen therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Tamoxifeno , Humanos , Feminino , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Hormônios/uso terapêutico , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
JCO Precis Oncol ; 8: e2300390, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564683

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Results from the TAILORx trial revealed that the use of adjuvant chemotherapy along with endocrine therapy had no survival advantage in patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-), node-negative (N0) breast cancer (BC) with an intermediate (11-25) 21-gene recurrence score (RS) in the overall population. However, in patients under age 50 years, adjuvant chemotherapy demonstrated a progression-free survival benefit when the RS ranged from 16-25. We studied this cohort with the population-based national database. METHODS: The 2010-2018 National Cancer Database was used to include patients with BC age 18-50 years, N0, M0, RS 16-25, ER+/progesterone receptor±, and HER2-. Patients were divided into two groups on the basis of adjuvant chemotherapy use, and the survival between them was compared. RESULTS: Adjuvant chemotherapy use was noted in 4,808/15,792 (30.45%) patients. Median RS was 18 and 21 in patients without and with adjuvant chemotherapy, respectively. Factors associated with adjuvant chemotherapy use were higher T stage, poor and moderately differentiated tumors, age <40 years, care at an academic center, Caucasian race, patients undergoing mastectomy, regional lymph node surgery, and radiation therapy. Kaplan-Meier survival at 10 years was better with adjuvant chemotherapy (96.2% v 91.6%). Patients without adjuvant chemotherapy had more adverse outcomes (hazard ratio [HR], 1.683 [95% CI, 1.392 to 2.036]; P < .0001). Subgroup analysis showed that the benefit was significant in patients with RS scores 21-25 (HR, 1.953 [95% CI, 1.295 to 2.945]), ductal histology (HR, 1.521 [95% CI, 1.092 to 2.118]), Caucasian race (HR, 1.655 [95% CI, 1.180 to 2.322]), and 41-50 years age group (HR, 1.732 [95% CI, 1.244 to 2.411]). CONCLUSION: Our study showed an overall survival benefit for adjuvant chemotherapy use in patients with ER-positive, N0 premenopausal BC patients, age less than 50 years, with an intermediate RS score, particularly 21-25.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mastectomia , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Hormônios/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos
6.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(4): 265, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565669

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Oral adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) is an effective treatment for hormone receptor positive breast cancer to decrease recurrence and mortality, but adherence is poor. This study explored post-menopausal women's experiences with AET, with a particular focus on adherence to AET as well as distress and symptoms experienced prior to and during AET treatment. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a hospital registry, stratified by adherence to/discontinuation of AET. Telephone interviews followed a semi-structured interview guide and were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Transcripts were systematically coded using team-based coding, with analysis of themes using a grounded theory approach. RESULTS: Thirty-three participants were interviewed; ages ranged from 57 to 86 years. Participants included 10 discontinued patients and 23 patients who completed their AET course or were adherent to AET at the time of interviewing. Both adherent and discontinued patients reported symptoms throughout their AET treatment course, and both attributed symptoms to factors other than AET (e.g., older age and pre-existing comorbidities). However, discontinued patients were more likely to attribute symptoms to AET and to describe difficulty managing their symptoms, with some directly citing symptoms as the reason for discontinuing AET therapy. Conversely, adherent patients were more likely to describe the necessity of taking AET, despite symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: AET adherence was associated with beliefs about AET, symptom attribution, and symptom management. Routine symptom monitoring during AET and addressing both symptoms and patients' understanding of their symptoms may promote adherence to AET.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Pós-Menopausa , Adesão à Medicação , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico
7.
J Hematol Oncol ; 17(1): 17, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589926

RESUMO

Evidence from Europe shows that perioperative chemotherapy may be beneficial for the treatment of locally advanced gastric cancer, but reliable and robust data is lacking. To rectify this, the phase 3 RESONANCE trial investigated the efficacy and safety of S-1 plus oxaliplatin (SOX) as a perioperative chemotherapy regimen for gastric cancer. This randomized, open-label trial enrolled patients from 19 medical centers with stage II/III resectable gastric cancer who were centrally randomly assigned to either perioperative chemotherapy (PC) arm or adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) arm. Patients in the PC arm received two to four cycles of SOX followed by surgery and four to six cycles of SOX. Patients in the AC arm received upfront surgery and eight cycles of SOX. 386 patients in each group were enrolled and 756 (382 in PC and 374 in AC) were included in the mITT population. The three-year DFS rate was 61.7% in the PC arm and 53.8% in the AC arm (log-rank p = 0.019). The R0 resection rate in the PC arm was significantly higher than that in the AC arm (94.9% vs. 83.7%, p < 0.0001). There was no difference between two arms in surgical outcomes or postoperative complications. Safety-related data were like the known safety profile. In conclusion, from a clinical perspective, this trial indicated a trend towards higher three-year disease-free survival rate with perioperative SOX in stage II/III resectable gastric cancer with well-tolerated toxicity compared to adjuvant SOX, which might provide a theoretical basis for applying perioperative SOX in advanced gastric cancer patients. (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01583361).


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Oxaliplatina/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Terapia Neoadjuvante
8.
Breast Cancer Res ; 26(1): 59, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589932

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with hormone receptor positive breast cancer are recommended at least five years of adjuvant endocrine therapy, but adherence to this treatment is often suboptimal. We investigated longitudinal trends in adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) adherence among premenopausal breast cancer patients and identified clinical characteristics, including baseline comorbidities and non-cancer chronic medication use, associated with AET adherence. METHODS: We included stage I-III premenopausal breast cancer patients diagnosed during 2002-2011 and registered in the Danish Breast Cancer Group clinical database who initiated AET. We used group-based trajectory modeling to describe AET adherence patterns. We also linked patients to Danish population-based registries and fit multinomial logistic models to compute odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) associating clinical characteristics with AET adherence patterns. RESULTS: We identified three adherence patterns among 4,353 women-high adherers (57%), slow decliners (36%), and rapid decliners (6.9%). Women with stage I disease (vs. stage II; OR: 1.9, 95% CI 1.5, 2.5), without chemotherapy (vs. chemotherapy; OR: 4.3, 95% CI 3.0, 6.1), with prevalent comorbid disease (Charlson Comorbidity Index score ≥ 1 vs. 0; OR: 1.6, 95% CI 1.1, 2.3), and with a history of chronic non-cancer medication use (vs. none; OR: 1.3, 95% CI 1.0, 1.8) were more likely to be rapid decliners compared with high adherers. CONCLUSIONS: Women with stage I cancer, no chemotherapy, higher comorbidity burden, and history of chronic non-cancer medication use were less likely to adhere to AET. Taking steps to promote adherence in these groups of women may reduce their risk of recurrence.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Adesão à Medicação , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Ann Palliat Med ; 13(2): 230-239, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients with stage II and III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), various multi-modality treatments are required. However, depending on the individual conditions of patients, there will be a significant difference in prognosis. Therefore, this study investigated the clinical impact of inadequate treatment (limited surgery and inadequate adjuvant therapy) in patients with NSCLC stage II or III using data from the Korean Association of Lung Cancer Registry (KALC-R) between 2014 and 2016. METHODS: Of the 8,110 new lung cancer cases registered at the Korea Central Cancer Registry in 2014-2016, 721 patients with stage II or III NSCLC were selected and divided into three groups according to differences in cancer treatment methods. In group A, patients underwent standard surgery and completed adjuvant therapy. In group B, patients underwent standard surgery without completing adjuvant therapy. In group C, patients received adjuvant therapy after limited surgery. After performing propensity score matching (PSM) for selected patients, overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates of the three groups of patients with stage II and III NSCLC patients were then compared. RESULTS: Of the 721 patients with NSCLC, 239, 437, and 45 belonged to groups A, B, and C, respectively. After 1:3 PS matching for groups B and C, the 5-year survival rate of patients with stage II or III NSCLC were 68.0% and 26.7% for groups B and C, respectively and the DFS rate was 59.1% and 16.2% for groups B and C, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The therapeutic effect of the standard surgery was the best. Although patients received adjuvant therapy, limited resection resulted in a poorer prognosis in compromised patients compared with omitting adjuvant therapy followed by standard surgery. Thus, surgical treatment should be considered in patients who are unable to complete surgical and adjuvant therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Sistema de Registros , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Curr Treat Options Oncol ; 25(4): 523-542, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478329

RESUMO

OPINION STATEMENT: Around 90% of breast tumours are diagnosed in the early stage, with approximately 70% being hormone receptor-positive. The cornerstone of adjuvant therapy for early-stage hormone receptor-positive breast cancer is endocrine therapy, tailored according to disease stage, biological characteristics of the tumour, patient's comorbidities, preferences and age. In premenopausal patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, ovarian function suppression is a key component of the adjuvant endocrine treatment in combination with an aromatase inhibitor or tamoxifen. Moreover, it can be used during chemotherapy as a standard strategy for ovarian function preservation in all breast cancer subtypes. In the metastatic setting, ovarian function suppression should be used in all premenopausal patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer to achieve a post-menopausal status. Despite its efficacy, ovarian function suppression may lead to several side effects that can have a major negative impact on patients' quality of life if not properly managed (e.g. hot flashes, depression, cognitive impairment, osteoporosis, sexual dysfunction, weight gain). A deep knowledge of the side effects of ovarian function suppression is necessary for clinicians. A correct counselling in this regard and proactive management should be considered a fundamental part of survivorship care to improve treatment adherence and patients' quality of life.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Qualidade de Vida , Feminino , Humanos , Ovário/patologia , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Pré-Menopausa , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico
11.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 51(2): 199-201, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38449412

RESUMO

A 72-year-old man underwent right hemicolectomy for transverse colon cancer(pT4aN1aM0, Stage ⅢB), after which he received adjuvant chemotherapy(capecitabine plus oxaliplatin[CAPOX])for 6 months. Three years after the first surgery, FDG-PET/CT revealed a tumor in the abdomen. He underwent a tumorectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy(CAPOX plus bevacizumab[BV])performed for 6 months. Two years after a tumorectomy, the CEA level rose again. He was diagnosed peritoneal metastasis again. A central venous(CV)port was implanted for access to the right internal jugular vein, and he received systemic chemotherapy(fluorouracil, Leucovorin, and irinotecan[FOLFIRI]plus BV)as an outpatient. One year after this recurrence, no peritoneal dissemination was detected by CT. Thereafter, total 49 courses of FOLFIRI plus BV were introduced, but chemotherapy was discontinued due to CV port-related infection. Three months later, low back pain appeared and became a diagnosis of spondylodiscitis. He had surgery, but follow-up CT performed 8 years after the first surgery detected multiple liver metastasis. It was considered necessary to take infection control measures during long-term chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Peritoneais , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/cirurgia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Peritônio , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Irinotecano
12.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 28(3): 246-251, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445916

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite significant advancements in the treatment of patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs), only a minority will experience long-term survival. This study aimed to determine the effect of chemotherapy (CT) and immunotherapy (IT) compared with that of CT alone on patient survival after surgical resection. METHODS: Patients undergoing curative-intent liver resection followed by adjuvant systemic therapy for stage IV colon cancer were identified using the National Cancer Database. Patients were stratified into type of therapy (CT alone vs CT + IT) and microsatellite status. Propensity score-weighted analysis was performed through 1:1 matching based on the nearest neighbor method. RESULTS: Of 9943 patients who underwent resection of CRLMs, 7971 (80%) received systemic adjuvant therapy. Of 7971 patients, 1432 (18%) received a combination of CT and IT. Microsatellite status was not associated with overall survival (OS). Adjuvant CT + IT was associated with increased 3-year OS compared with that of CT alone in both the unmatched cohort (55% vs 48%, respectively; P < .001) and matched cohort (52% vs 48%, respectively; P = .050). On multivariate analysis, older age, positive resection margins, and KRAS mutation were independent predictors of poor survival, whereas the administration of adjuvant CT + IT was an independent predictor of improved survival. CONCLUSION: IT combined with CT was associated with improved survival compared with that of CT alone after curative-intent resection of CRLMs, regardless of microsatellite instability status. Clinical trials to determine optimal patient selection, IT regimen, and long-term efficacy to improve outcomes of patients with CRLMs are warranted.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Hepatectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/terapia
13.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 20(1): 281-284, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554334

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of postoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC) who respond poorly to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (ChT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The database of a tertiary medical center (2009-2020) was retrospectively reviewed for patients with LAGC in whom the initial treatment strategy consisted of perioperative ChT and surgery. Those who were subsequently referred for postoperative CRT because of a poor pathologic primary-tumor response (ypT3-4, ypN2-3, R1 resection) were selected for the study. CRT consisted of 45 Gy in 25 fractions of 1.8 Gy combined with capecitabine 825 mg/m2 twice daily on radiotherapy days or continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil 180 mg/m2/day. RESULTS: The cohort included 26 patients of median age 61 years with LAGC (clinical stage IIA-III) after surgery with D1-D2 lymphadenectomy. R0 resection was achieved in 15 (58%). The pathological stage was III in 69% (IIA-IVA). Treatment was well tolerated. During a median follow-up time of 39 months, recurrences were documented in 14 patients (54%): 11 distant and 3 locoregional. Median progression-free survival was 23 months, and median overall survival was 65 months. Estimated 5-year survival rates were 42 and 54%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This small retrospective study suggests that in patients with LAGC who show a poor pathologic response to neoadjuvant ChT, a good outcome relative to reference arms in randomized trials can still be achieved with the addition of postoperative CRT. Further studies of the benefit of a tailored adaptive treatment approach to LAGC based on the response to neoadjuvant ChT are warranted.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retais , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Fluoruracila , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias Retais/patologia
14.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 204, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Half of countries in Africa lack access to radiation (RT), which is essential for standard treatment of locally advanced cervical cancers. We evaluated outcomes for patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by radical hysterectomy in settings where no RT is available. METHODS: We performed a retrospective descriptive study of all patients with FIGO stage IB2-IIA2 and some exceptional stage IIB cases who received NACT and surgery at Kigali University Teaching Hospital in Rwanda. Patients were treated with NACT consisting of carboplatin and paclitaxel once every 3 weeks for 3-4 cycles before radical hysterectomy. We calculated recurrence rates and overall survival (OS) rate was determined by Kaplan-Meier estimates. RESULTS: Between May 2016 and October 2018, 57 patients underwent NACT and 43 (75.4%) were candidates for radical hysterectomy after clinical response assessment. Among the 43 patients who received NACT and surgery, the median age was 56 years, 14% were HIV positive, and FIGO stage distribution was: IB2 (32.6%), IIA1 (7.0%), IIA2 (51.2%) and IIB (9.3%). Thirty-nine (96%) patients received 3 cycles and 4 (4%) received 4 cycles of NACT. Thirty-eight (88.4%) patients underwent radical hysterectomy as planned and 5 (11.6%) had surgery aborted due to grossly metastatic disease. Two patients were lost to follow up after surgery and excluded from survival analysis. For the remaining 41 patients with median follow-up time of 34.4 months, 32 (78%) were alive with no evidence of recurrence, and 8 (20%) were alive with recurrence. One patient died of an unrelated cancer. The 3-year OS rate for the 41 patients who underwent NACT and surgery was 80.8% with a recurrence rate of 20%. CONCLUSIONS: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with radical hysterectomy is a feasible treatment option for locally advanced cervical cancer in settings with limited access to RT. With an increase in gynecologic oncologists skilled at radical surgery, this approach may be a more widely available alternative treatment option in countries without radiation facilities.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Ruanda , Universidades , Hospitais de Ensino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Histerectomia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante
15.
J Med Case Rep ; 18(1): 162, 2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative adjuvant systemic therapy with atezolizumab for lung cancer has been reported to be effective. Although myocarditis is a rare immune adverse event associated with atezolizumab, it can have a serious course and should be treated with caution. We herein report a case of fulminant myocarditis during adjuvant systemic therapy with atezolizumab. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 49-year-old Asian woman. She was diagnosed with pT2aN1M0 stage IIB (Programmed Death Ligand 1(PD-L1), 50%) after surgery for right upper lobe lung adenocarcinoma. Atezolizumab was administered following platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy. On day 14, the patient was hospitalized because of deterioration in her general condition caused by fever. On day 16, she developed dyspnea, which worsened, and on day 17, she experienced shock. Blood tests, echocardiography, and cardiac catheterization were performed, and the patient was diagnosed with cardiogenic shock due to myocarditis. Initial measures did not improve the patient's shock state. The patient was transferred to hospital for the use of an assistive circulatory system. Pulse steroid therapy was administered, and myocarditis showed a tendency toward improvement. A retrospective review of the patient's history revealed a decreased lymphocyte count and an increase in the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, which may be useful for detecting severe immune-related adverse events. The troponin levels were elevated, but creatine phosphokinase level remained within the normal range. CONCLUSION: Myocarditis can be fatal due to the rapid progression of symptoms. Close follow-up, a prompt diagnosis, and therapeutic intervention are important. Decreased lymphocyte counts, increased neutrophil/lymphocyte ratios, and the measurement of multiple myocardial biomarkers are considered useful for the early diagnosis of myocarditis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Miocardite , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Miocardite/induzido quimicamente
16.
Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol ; 32(4): 189-199, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426376

RESUMO

The use of chemotherapy has improved the overall treatment of breast cancer, which is frequently administered in the form of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). Apoptosis is an established cell stress response to NAC in preclinical models; however, there is limited understanding of its role in clinical cancer, specifically, its contribution to favorable pathologic responses in breast cancer therapy. Here, we aimed to characterize the change in protein expression of 3 apoptosis-associated biomarkers, namely, BCL-X L , MCL-1, and BAX in breast cancer in response to NAC. For this, we utilized a set of 68 matched invasive breast cancer FFPE samples that were collected before (pre) and after (post) the exposure to NAC therapy that were characterized by incomplete pathologic response. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis suggested that most of the samples show a decrease in the protein expression of all 3 markers following exposure to NAC as 90%, 69%, and 76% of the matched samples exhibited a decrease in expression for BCL-X L , MCL-1, and BAX, respectively. The median H-score of BCL-X L post-NAC was 150/300 compared with 225/300 pre-NAC ( P value <0.0001). The median H-score of MCL-1 declined from 200 pre-NAC to 160 post-NAC ( P value <0.0001). The median H-score of BAX protein expression decreased from 260 pre-NAC to 190 post-NAC ( P value <0.0001). There was no statistically significant association between the expression of these markers and stage, grade, and hormone receptor profiling (luminal status). Collectively, our data indicate that the expression of apoptosis regulatory proteins changes following exposure to NAC in breast cancer tissue, developing a partial pathologic response.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/uso terapêutico , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/uso terapêutico , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Imuno-Histoquímica , Quimioterapia Adjuvante
17.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2024: 2410643, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38550348

RESUMO

Background: Protective ileostomy can effectively prevent severe anastomotic leakage after rectal cancer surgery; however, the optimal timing for ileostomy closure during adjuvant chemotherapy remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the safety and long-term outcomes of early ileostomy closure during adjuvant chemotherapy. Method: Patients who underwent laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery combined with protective ileostomy and adjuvant chemotherapy between April 2017 and April 2021 were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were divided into an early closure group during chemotherapy (group A) and a late closure group after chemotherapy (group B). Results: A total of 215 patients were included in this study, with 115 in group A and 100 in group B. There were no significant differences in demographic and clinical characteristics between the two groups. In group A, durations of stoma status (p < 0.001) and low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) (p < 0.001) were shorter, and rectal stenosis (p=0.036) and stoma-related complications (p=0.007), especially stoma stenosis (p=0.041), were less common. However, compliance with chemotherapy was worse (p=0.009). There were no significant differences in operative time, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications, incidence and severity of LARS, disease-free survival, or overall survival between groups. Conclusion: Early ileostomy closure can effectively reduce the duration of stoma status, duration of LARS, rectal stenosis, and stoma-related complications while not affecting surgical complications and oncological outcomes. Ileostomy closure should not be delayed because of adjuvant chemotherapy. However, follow-up should be strengthened to increase compliance and integrity with chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Ileostomia , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Ileostomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/complicações , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Constrição Patológica/complicações , Síndrome , Quimioterapia Adjuvante
18.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 397, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-risk stage III colon cancer has a considerably poorer prognosis than stage II and low-risk stage III colon cancers. Nevertheless, most guidelines recommend similar adjuvant treatment approaches for all these stages despite the dearth of research focusing on high-risk stage III colon cancer and the potential for improved prognosis with intensive adjuvant treatment. Given the the proven efficacy of triplet chemotherapy in metastatic colorectal cancer treatment, the goal of this study is to evaluate the oncologic efficacy and safety of mFOLFIRINOX in comparison to those of the current standard of care, mFOLFOX 6, as an adjuvant treatment for patients diagnosed with high-risk stage III colon cancer after radical resection. METHODS: This multicenter, randomized (1:1), open-label, phase II trial will assess and compare the effectiveness and toxicity of mFOLFIRINOX and mFOLFOX 6 in patients with high-risk stage III colon cancer after radical resection. The goal of the trial is to enroll 312 eligible patients, from 11 institutes, aged between 20 and 70 years, with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2, or between 70 and 75 with an ECOG performance status of 0. Patients will be randomized into two arms - Arm A, the experimental arm, and Arm B, the reference arm - and will receive 12 cycles of mFOLFIRINOX and mFOLFOX 6 every 2 weeks, respectively. The primary endpoint of this study is the 3-year disease-free survival, and secondary endpoints include the 3-year overall survival and treatment toxicity. DISCUSSION: The Frost trial would help determine the oncologic efficacy and safety of adjuvant triplet chemotherapy for high-risk stage III colon cancers and ultimately improve prognoses. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT05179889, registered on 17 December 2021.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Neoplasias do Colo , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto
20.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(8): 806-810, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38516235

RESUMO

Approximately 50%-70% of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma experience recurrence within five years after curative hepatic resection or ablation. As a result, many patients receive adjuvant therapy after curative resection or ablation in order to prolong recurrence-free survival. The therapy recommended by national guidelines can differ, and guidelines do not specify when to initiate adjuvant therapy or how long to continue it. These and other unanswered questions around adjuvant therapies make it difficult to optimize them and determine which may be more appropriate for a given type of patient. These questions need to be addressed by clinicians and researchers.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...