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1.
J Urol ; 203(1): 57-61, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600114

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We sought to determine the trend of neoadjuvant chemotherapy use for nonmetastatic muscle invasive urothelial bladder cancer and whether it is associated with adverse perioperative morbidity after robot-assisted radical cystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the IRCC (International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium) database between 2006 and 2017. After excluding patients with nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer the patients were divided into 2 groups, including those who did vs did not receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Data were reviewed for demographics, preoperative, operative and 90-day perioperative outcomes. We used the Cochran-Armitage trend test to assess trends of neoadjuvant chemotherapy associations with high grade and overall complications with time. Multivariate stepwise regression analyses were done to determine whether neoadjuvant chemotherapy was associated with prolonged operative time, 90-day postoperative complications, readmissions, reoperations and mortality after robot-assisted radical cystectomy. RESULTS: A total of 298 patients (26%) received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. These patients were younger (age 67 vs 69 years, p=0.01) and more frequently had an ASA™ (American Society of Anesthesiologists™) score of 3 or greater (62% vs 55%, p=0.02) and pathological T3 stage or greater disease (28% vs 22%, p=0.04). The use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy increased significantly from 10% in 2006 to 2007 to 42% in 2016 to 2017 (p <0.01). On multivariate analysis neoadjuvant chemotherapy was not significantly associated with prolonged operative time, hospital stay, 90-day postoperative complications, reoperation or mortality. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy was associated with 90-day readmissions after robot-assisted radical cystectomy (OR 5.90, 95% CI 3.30-10.90, p <0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy utilization has significantly increased in the last decade. It was not associated with perioperative surgical morbidity after robot-assisted radical cystectomy.


Assuntos
Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Cistectomia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
2.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(12): 1887-1890, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879409

RESUMO

In recent years, human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)-negative Pneumocystis pneumonia(PCP)onset has been occasionally seen in breast cancer. In particular, dose-dense epirubicin and cyclophosphamide(EC: ddEC)therapy, in which EC is administered every 2 weeks, has been generally used in clinical practice for early stage breast cancers. PCP may develop before and during postoperative chemotherapy. We report the cases of 2 patients who developed PCP during postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. Case 1: A 62-year-old woman, who underwent postoperative EC therapy, developed PCP during the 4th EC cycle. During EC therapy, steroids(prednisolone[PSL])were administered at an average dose of 11.4mg/day, and the number of lymphocytes at the initiation of the 4th EC cycle was 516/mL. Case 2: After receiving 4 cycles of postoperative ddEC, a 27-year-old woman developed PCP after 1 cycle of docetaxel(DTX)administration. During ddEC therapy, PSL was administered at a dose of 17.14mg/day, and the number of lymphocytes at DTX administration was 311/mL. The onset of PCP is presumed to be related to the steroid dose administered and the number of lymphocytes. Therefore, determining effective indicators in patients at a high risk of PCP onset is important.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Pneumocystis , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Ciclofosfamida , Epirubicina , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18326, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852125

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second most common cause of dementia. The treatment of VaD still remains a challenge so far. Traditional Chinese Herbal medicine is a promising therapy due to their multiple components and targets. Shenmayizhi decoction (SMYZD), a Chinese Herbal prescription, has been reported its effective in alleviating cognitive dysfunction in clinical practice. However, strong clinical research of SMYZD in the treatment of VaD was lack. Therefore, we design this study to evaluate the adjuvant role of SMYZD in the treatment of VaD. METHODS: This is a multicenter, randomized, blind, controlled trial. A total of 196 eligible patients will be assigned to receive Ginkgo biloba extracts (GBEs) plus SMYZD granule or GBEs plus SMYZD mimetic granule in a 1:1 ratio. The duration of the trial will be 12 weeks, and a follow-up will be performed at the 24th week. The primary outcomes are the National Institute of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) and the Alzheimer Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog). The secondary outcomes include the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome scale, Activities of Daily Living (ADL), concentrations of hypersensitive C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP), neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and homocysteine (HCY) in serum. Researchers will record any adverse events throughout the trial. DISCUSSION: This study will provide evidences to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SMYZD in combination with GBEs in treatment of VaD, as well as the adjuvant role of SMYZD in combination. TRIAL IS REGISTERED AT CHINESE CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRY: ChiCTR1800017359.


Assuntos
Demência Vascular/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18249, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852092

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Cancer and chemotherapy individually confer hypercoagulability and increased risks of thrombosis. Most thromboembolic complication after breast cancer chemotherapy was venous thrombosis after multiagent chemotherapy. Arterial thrombosis is extremely rare in early breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. PRESENTING CONCERNS: A 55-year-old woman with right breast cancer presented to the emergency department with sudden pain, numbness, and swelling in her left hand. She underwent breast conserving surgery and sentinel lymph node biopsy 2 months before the visit. She received the second cycle of adjuvant Adriamycin-cyclophosphamide chemotherapy 5 days before. INTERVENTIONS: Computed tomography angiography revealed acute arterial thrombosis in the left brachial, radial, and ulnar arteries. Unfractionated heparin was initiated immediately, followed by brachial and radial-ulnar thrombectomy, restoring perfusion to the extremity. The postoperative course was uncomplicated; she was discharged on warfarin at a daily dose of 4 mg. OUTCOMES: Chemotherapy was discontinued. Anticoagulation with warfarin was continued. She subsequently received adjuvant endocrine therapy with an aromatase inhibitor and adjuvant radiotherapy. MAIN LESSONS: Despite the low risks of arterial thrombosis in breast cancer, it is a devastating complication with significant morbidity and mortality. Thromboprophylaxis should be considered in those at risk. Immediate anticoagulant therapy and surgical intervention should be considered in affected cases.


Assuntos
Artéria Braquial , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Artéria Radial , Trombose/induzido quimicamente , Artéria Ulnar , Doença Aguda , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia Doppler
5.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(12): 848-853, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874475

RESUMO

Objective: To study influencing factors which cause the endometrial diseases in patients with breast cancer after operation. Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 212 breast cancer post-operation patients with endometrial diseases between June 2006 and January 2018 in Women's Hospital School of Medicine Zhejiang University to analyse the factors which influenced the endometrial diseases. Results: The abnormal uterine bleeding and endometrial thickness were related to the severity of endometrial disease in patients with breast cancer, and they were independent risk factors for breast cancer patients to have endometrial cancer (P<0.05) . When the diagnostic cut off value of endometrial thickness was ≥0.49 cm, the sensitivity and specificity to endometrial cancer were 78% and 25%, respectively. The average endometrial thickness was (0.56±0.39) cm in patients who were treated by selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) after gynecological surgery, which was significantly thicker than that of aromatase inhibitor (AI) group [ (0.33±0.23) cm] and no treatment group [ (0.44±0.28) cm, P<0.05]. The endometrial disease recurrent rate and reoperation rate in SERM group were (26.2%, 14.3%) slightly higher than that of AI group (9.5%, 4.8%) and no treatment group (21.6%, 4.9%), but there were not significant differences (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The clinical symptom of abnormal uterine bleeding and thickening endometrium are risk factors for breast cancer patients to have endometrial cancer. The endometrial thickness has high predictive value for breast cancer patients to diagnose endometrial cancer. The SERM treatment increases the endometrial thickness, recurrent rate and reoperation rate in post-operation patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Hormonais/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Aromatase/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Hiperplasia Endometrial/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias do Endométrio/induzido quimicamente , Endométrio/efeitos dos fármacos , Moduladores de Receptor Estrogênico/efeitos adversos , Moduladores Seletivos de Receptor Estrogênico/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Uterina/etiologia , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Aromatase/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Terapia Combinada , Hiperplasia Endometrial/epidemiologia , Hiperplasia Endometrial/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Endométrio/patologia , Moduladores de Receptor Estrogênico/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Moduladores Seletivos de Receptor Estrogênico/uso terapêutico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Ultrassonografia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e17175, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860944

RESUMO

Annual pancreatic tumor incidence rates have been increasing. We explored pancreatic tumor incidence trends by treatment and clinicopathologic features.Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) was retrieved to evaluate temporal trends and pancreatic cancer rates from 2000 to 2015. Joinpoint regression analyses were carried out to examine trend differences.Overall, the incidence of pancreatic cancer was on the increase. The initial APC increased at a rate of 2.22% from 2000 to 2012, and increased from 2012 to 2015 at a rate of 9.05%. Joinpoint analyses revealed that trends within different demographics of pancreatic cancer showed different characteristics. The rate of pancreatic cancer also varied with histologic types. In addition, the trends by cancer stage showed significant increase incidences of stage I and II pancreatic cancer from 2000 to 2013 (stage I: APC: 2.71%; stage II: APC: 4.87%). Incidences of patients receiving surgery increased from 2000 to 2008 (APC: 7.55%), 2008 to 2011 (APC: 2.17%) and then there was a significant acceleration from 2011 to 2015 (APC: 10.51%). The incidence of cases in stage II receiving surgery increased significantly from 2004 to 2009 (APC: 9.28%) and 2009 to 2013 (APC: 2.57%). However, for cases in stage I, the incidence of cases with surgery decreased significantly since 2009 (APC: -4.14%). Patients undergoing surgical treatment without chemotherapy and radiotherapy had the higher rates compared with those who received other combined treatments.Pancreatic cancer has been increasing overall, but patterns differ by demographics and clinicopathologic features. Efforts to identify and treat more eligible candidates for curative therapy could be beneficial.


Assuntos
Gerenciamento Clínico , Pancreatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Terapia Combinada , Grupos de Populações Continentais , Demografia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Pancreatectomia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Prognóstico , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Programa de SEER , Fatores Sexuais , Análise de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18016, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860952

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Breast metastases from primary colorectal carcinoma are extremely rare, with only 45 cases being reported previously. Since the most common malignancy in the breast and axilla is primary breast cancer regardless of cancer history, non-hematologic metastases may be misdiagnosed initially. Nevertheless, differentiating breast metastases from primary breast cancer is crucial because of their differences in prognosis and management. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of a 44-year-old Asian woman who noticed a new right breast lump after undergoing surgery and chemotherapy for her primary sigmoid colon cancer. DIAGNOSIS: Image and immunohistochemistry findings were consistent with breast metastasis from primary colorectal adenocarcinoma. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent breast tumor excision and reinitiated chemotherapy. OUTCOMES: The patient's disease progressed despite the interventions. She passed away 7 months after the detection of breast metastasis. CONCLUSION: When a new breast lesion is detected in patients with colorectal cancer history, the physician should consider the possibility of breast metastasis due to the poor prognosis. If a biopsy is necessary, cancer history should be provided to the clinicians to prevent incorrect pathological interpretation. In establishing the diagnosis, certain immunohistochemical markers have been shown to be sensitive and specific in previously reported cases. The combination of tumor excision and chemotherapy was the most common strategy in managing this condition with inconsistent clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Mastectomia Segmentar/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Biópsia por Agulha , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Colectomia/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Progressão da Doença , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
8.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(673): 2190-2194, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778047

RESUMO

For more than 30 years, cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has been administered to patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). However, the benefit is modest. With the advent of modern immunotherapies, new therapeutic strategies are also opening up to bladder cancer. Unfortunately, the initial results in the neoadjuvant context show a response rate of only 20-35 %. Other therapeutic strategies, such as Pan-FGFR inhibitors, do not show better response. Due to the high genetic variability of bladder cancer, a «â€…one drug fits all ¼ concept is not an ideal solution. Patient selection based on the probability of response appears to be a promising strategy to improve this modest benefit of each treatment. In this context, the NAC will also continue to play an important role.


Assuntos
Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia/tendências , Terapia Neoadjuvante/tendências , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes
9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(40): 3158-3163, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694107

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the oncologic outcomes of radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) combined with adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) in patients with high risk upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). Methods: From January 2014, all high-risk UTUC patients after RNU surgery were enrolled in this prospective comparative trial. And these patients were randomized to ACT group (Gemcitabine+Cisplatin three weeks regimen) and observing group. Cox proportional hazard modeling and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to determine overall survival (OS), cancer specific survival (CSS) and disease-free survival (PFS) in the cohort. Results: The median follow-up duration was36 months (range: 6-54) in the ACT group (n=94) and 30 months (range: 6-54) in the observing group (n=82). Oncologic outcomes of RNU treated high-risk UTUC patients were improved much significantly by ACT: OS [P=0.0397, HR: 1.39(0.91-1.75)], CSS [P=0.0255, HR: 1.26(1.07-1.45)] and PFS [P=0.0033, HR: 3.78(3.13-4.55)]. The further analysis in lymph node positive cohort displayed that median times of oncologic events were prolonged in the ACT group compared with the observing group: OS (26.8mon vs 36.3mon, P=0.0255), CSS (28.2mon vs39.3mon, P=0.0197) and PFS (11.4mon vs 31.9mon, P=0.0018). Additionally in T3/4 cohort, the significant growth in the median times of OS (20.6mon vs 32.2mon, P=0.0183), CSS (21.9mon vs 38.4mon, P=0.0226) and PFS (13.9mon vs 36.3mon, P=0.0217) were observed in ACT group. Conclusion: ACT could play the important synergistic role in improving the OS, CSS and PFS of high-risk UTUC patients after RNU.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Nefroureterectomia , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Humanos , Nefrectomia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(12): 2067-2080, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720813

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) exist as heterogeneous subsets and have dichotomous roles in cancer-immune evasion. This study aims to assess the clinical effects of Galectin-9+ tumor-associated macrophages (Gal-9+TAMs) in muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We identified Gal-9+TAMs by immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis of a tumor microarray (TMA) (n = 141) from the Zhongshan Hospital and by flow cytometric analysis of tumor specimens (n = 20) from the Shanghai Cancer Center. The survival benefit of platinum-based chemotherapy in this subpopulation was evaluated. The effect of the tumor-immune microenvironment with different percentages of Gal-9+TAMs was explored. RESULTS: The frequency of Gal-9+TAMs increased with tumor stage and grade. Gal-9+TAMs predicted poor overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) and were better than Gal-9-TAMs and TAMs to discriminate prognostic groups. In univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses, patients with high percentages of Gal-9+TAMs showed the prominent survival benefit after receiving adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT). High Gal-9+TAM infiltration correlated with increasing numbers of regulatory T cells (Tregs) and mast cells and decreasing numbers of CD8+T and dendritic cells (DCs). Dense infiltration of Gal-9+TAMs was related to reduced cytotoxic molecules, enhanced immune checkpoints or immunosuppressive cytokines expressed by immune cells, as well as active proliferation of tumor cells. Additionally, the subpopulation accumulated was strongly associated with PD-1+TIM-3+CD8+T cells. CONCLUSIONS: Gal-9+TAMs predicted OS and RFS and response to ACT in MIBC patients. High Gal-9+TAMs were associated with a pro-tumor immune contexture concomitant with T cell exhaustion.


Assuntos
Galectinas/metabolismo , Macrófagos/imunologia , Músculos/patologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/terapia , Adulto , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos , Movimento Celular , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Evasão Tumoral , Microambiente Tumoral , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade
11.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 184, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565144

RESUMO

We here report a case of bladder urothelial carcinoma, a rare tumor in subjects less than 40 years, as well as our therapeutic experience. The study involved a 37-year old patient with a history of urinary tract infection and of staying at a riparian area (bilharzia) presenting with hypogastralgia and total macroscopic hematuria. Clinical and paraclinical assessment showed voluminous bladder mass suggesting infiltrative tumor without local or distant lymph node or organic involvement. Surgical management was based on resection of bladder tumor and biopsy followed by total cystectomy with substitutive ileal enterocystoplasty. The postoperative course was uneventful. The patient also underwent adjuvant chemotherapy and vitamin B-12 therapy. Clinical and paraclinical assessment, performed after 6 and 12 months, showed no recurrence.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição/cirurgia , Cistectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos , Adulto , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Íleo/cirurgia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Vitamina B 12/administração & dosagem
12.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5611-5615, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Chemotherapy is the mainstay treatment of osteosarcoma. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the factors that affect the rate of chemotherapy treatment of osteosarcoma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We queried the National Cancer Database for bone cancer patients. We included patients diagnosed with osteosarcoma of the upper extremities regardless of age and sex. With bivariate and multivariate models, we analyzed the demographic, facility, and tumor-specific characteristics, comparing the group that received chemotherapy with those that did not. RESULTS: Female patients (OR=0.567; 95%CI=0.337-0.955), non-White patients (OR=0.485; 95%CI=0.25-0.939), and patients with government insurance (OR=0.506; 95%CI=0.285-0.9) had lower odds of receiving chemotherapy treatment than male, white, and privately insured patients. Patients with stages II (OR=4.817; 95%CI=2.594-8.946) and IV disease (OR=0.457; 95%CI=1.931-10.286) had higher odds of receiving chemotherapy than those with stage I disease. CONCLUSION: Age, sex, race and insurance affected the rate of chemotherapy treatment in patients with upper limb osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Extremidade Superior/patologia , Adulto , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
13.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5733-5739, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To analyze patterns of care and overall survival for elderly patients with malignant brain tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The database from the National Health Insurance Service was searched January 2008-December 2016. A total of 1,607 patients aged 65-year-old or more with malignant brain tumors who underwent surgery or biopsy were extracted. Treatment performed in 180 days after surgery was divided into no treatment (N=522), radiotherapy (RT) (N=351), chemotherapy (N=69), and chemotherapy plus RT (N=665). Survival was recorded at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months after surgery. RESULTS: Patients were divided into groups by age: 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, and ≥80 years. Chemotherapy plus RT was most commonly used in all age groups except those aged 80 years and more. Treatment modality after surgery or biopsy was significantly prognostic (p<0.001) in univariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Adjuvant treatment can be recommended for elderly patients with malignant brain tumors based on data from the National Health Insurance Service.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia/métodos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Prognóstico , Radioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , República da Coreia
14.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5781-5787, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is established in the treatment of ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma for downsizing borderline-resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC) and may affect nodal positivity and rates of R0 resection. This study aimed to identify the impact of NAC on postoperative histopathological parameters with a prognostic relevance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A one-to-three matched-pair analysis, including an overall total of 132 patients (25% treated with NAC and subsequent resection and 75% undergoing upfront surgery) was performed. Influence of NAC on nodal positivity, lymphatic, vascular and perineural invasion, as well as resection stage and grading, was examined. Furthermore, perioperative complications, in-hospital stay, re-admission rates, mortality, as well as preoperative body mass index and American Association of Anesthesiologist classification scores, were evaluated. RESULTS: Patients treated with NAC significantly less frequently had lymphatic tissue invasion (lymph node invasion: 51.5% vs. 72.7%; p=0.032, and lymphatic vessel invasion 9.4% vs. 55.3%; p=0.0004), whereas vascular and perineural invasion, as well as grading and resection state were not significantly different. Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 regression in correlation with nodal positivity also did not differ, and both groups showed comparable perioperative complication rates. Occurrence and severity of postoperative pancreatic fistula (18.2% vs. 24.3%; p=0.034) were significantly lower in patients who had undergone NAC. CONCLUSION: NAC significantly affects postoperative histopathological tumour stage in BRPC and appears to be a safe treatment option without increased perioperative complications, re-admission, in-hospital stay, or mortality. Further studies are mandatory to underline the suitability of NAC for ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma subgroups in order to guide clinicians in their daily decision-making comprehensively.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígeno CA-19-9/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise por Pareamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5811-5820, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes and role of adjuvant concurrent chemo-radiation therapy (CCRT) compared to adjuvant chemotherapy alone in young patients with gastric cancer (GC) defined as those ≤45 years old versus older patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from December 2004 to January 2013 on patients with pathologically confirmed, regional lymph node metastasis of GC who had undergone curative D2 resection. RESULTS: During the study period, a total of 1,633 patients (341 young and 1,292 older GC) was investigated. Female sex and diffuse type were more frequent among the younger group, but, lymphatic and venous invasion were less frequent. During the follow-up, there was no difference in recurrence-free survival (RFS; p=0.81), but RFS was significantly higher in young patients with stage II GC (p=0.02). In the younger group, adjusted RFS did not differ according to adjuvant treatment (p=0.98), but the RFS was significantly higher in the older group treated with CCRT than with chemotherapy alone after adjustment for significant prognostic factors (p=0.008). CONCLUSION: Although young patients with GC had different characteristics, their clinical outcomes did not differ from those of the older patients. In the present study performed in curatively D2-resected GC, there was no benefit from adjuvant CCRT over chemotherapy alone among young patients, unlike among the older patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade
16.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(8): 1341-1349, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612493

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The presence of mucinous component has been indicated to have a prognostic value in adenocarcinoma. However, little is known regarding the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) with mucinous component (HCM). METHODS: Between January 1996 and December 2014, a total of 61 HCM patients who underwent curative-intent resection at West China Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. The clinicopathological characteristics and survival of these patients were compared with a large cohort of 217 surgically resected conventional HC patients during the same period. RESULTS: The clinicopathological characteristics of HCM were distinct from conventional HC, including higher CA19-9 levels, larger tumor sizes, less differentiation, and a high frequency of liver parenchyma invasion, portal vein invasion, and lymphovascular invasion. HCM patients showed significantly worse recurrence-free survival (13.4 vs 23.9 months; P = .011) and overall survival (18.2 vs 32.1 months; P = .019) compared with conventional HC patients. Multivariate analysis confirmed liver parenchyma invasion, N stage, surgical margin, and histological grade as independent prognostic factors influencing overall survival in HCM patients. CONCLUSION: HCM showed distinct clinicopathological features, more aggressive biological behaviors, and poor prognosis in comparison with conventional HC. Therefore, the mucinous component is an adverse prognostic factor for HC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/mortalidade , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Tumor de Klatskin/mortalidade , Tumor de Klatskin/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos Glicosídicos Associados a Tumores/sangue , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Humanos , Tumor de Klatskin/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Bull Cancer ; 106(11): 983-999, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587802

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor before 25 years of age. Response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy determines continuation of treatment and is also a powerful prognostic factor. There are currently no reliable ways to evaluate it early. The aim is to develop a method to predict the chemotherapy response using radiomics from pre-treatment MRI. METHODS: Clinical characteristics and MRI of patients treated for local or metastatic osteosarcoma were collected retrospectively in the Rhône-Alpes region, from 2007 to 2016. On initial MRI exams, each tumor was segmented by expert radiologist and 87 radiomic features were extracted automatically. Univariate analysis was performed to assess each feature's association with histological response following neoadjuvante chemotherapy. To distinguish good histological responder from poor, we built predictive models based on support vector machines. Their classification performance was assessed with the area under operating characteristic curve receiver (AUROC) from test data. RESULTS: The analysis focused on the MRIs of 69 patients, 55.1% (38/69) of whom were good histological responders. The model obtained by support vector machines from initial MRI radiomic data had an AUROC of 0.98, a sensitivity of 100% (IC 95% [100%-100%]) and specificity of 86% (IC 95% [59.7%-111%]). DISCUSSION: Radiomic based on MRI data would predict the chemotherapy response before treatment initiation, in patients treated for osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Aprendizado de Máquina , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Osteossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Análise de Variância , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Osteossarcoma/mortalidade , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(11): 1759-1767, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616965

RESUMO

Resistance to chemotherapy is widely recognized as one of the major factors limiting therapeutic efficacy and influences clinical outcomes in patients with cancer. Many studies on various tumor types have focused on combining standard-of-care chemotherapy with immunotherapy. However, for cervical cancer, the role of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) on the local immune microenvironment is largely unexplored. We performed a pilot study on 13 primary cervical tumor samples, before and after NACT, to phenotype and enumerate tumor-infiltrating T-cell subpopulations using multiplex immunohistochemistry (CD3, CD8, FoxP3, Ki67, and Tbet) and automated co-expression analysis software. A significant decrease in proliferating (Ki67+) CD3+CD8- T cells and FoxP3+(CD3+CD8-) regulatory T cells was observed in the tumor stroma after cisplatin and paclitaxel treatment, with increased rates of cytotoxic CD8+ T cells, including activated and CD8+Tbet+ T cells. No effect was observed on the number of tumor-infiltrating T cells in the cervical tumor microenvironment after treatment with cisplatin only. Therefore, we conclude that patients treated with cisplatin and paclitaxel had more tumor-infiltrating T-cell modulation than patients treated with cisplatin monotherapy. These findings enhance our understanding of the immune-modulating effect of chemotherapy and warrant future combination of the standard-of-care therapy with immunotherapy to improve clinical outcome in patients with cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/imunologia , Adulto , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Projetos Piloto , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(43): e17617, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651875

RESUMO

Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of the most common cancers in the world, with continuously growing diagnoses and morbidity. Because it is still unclear how to choose the best treatment for EC patients, a multimodal treatment is necessary to improve the prospect of the malignancy, including a sequence of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, whether alone or combination. Therefore, this paper aims to analyze the effect of the sequence of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery on the prognosis and survival rate of patients with EC.The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was used to extract a dataset of patients who were diagnosed with EC from 1973 to 2015, with follow-up data for 6 years after diagnosis. The data were analyzed using correlation analysis, logistic regression Cox regression, and Kaplan-Meier analysis.EC patients who had radiation prior to surgery and chemotherapy had a better prognosis than the cases without chemotherapy. Based on univariate logistic regression, the odds radios of vital status recoded for "radiation prior to surgery combined with chemotherapy" is the lowest one among the 8 groups classified by radiation sequence with surgery and chemotherapy (P < .001). Further, radiation prior to surgery and chemotherapy is an independent prognostic factor for better survival among EC patients.In conclusion, in the treatment of EC, administering radiation prior to surgery and chemotherapy is better than no radiotherapy, perioperative radiotherapy, postoperative radiotherapy, and other combinations without chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia , Adulto , Idoso , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Terapia Combinada , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Programa de SEER , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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