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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 459-464, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892601

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study compared the dose distributions of carbon ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in patients with locally advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (LAHCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted in 10 consecutive patients with LAHCC who had undergone C-ion RT. The dose-volume histogram parameters of clinical plans using C-ion RT at 60 Gy and simulated plans using IMRT at 60 Gy and 50 Gy were compared. We measured the percentage of the normal liver volume that received at least 5 Gy (V5), 10 Gy (V10), 20 Gy (V20), 30 Gy (V30), 40 Gy (V40), and 50 Gy (V50). RESULTS: The V5, V10, V20, and the mean liver dose were significantly lower in patients who received 60 Gy of C-ion RT than in those who received 50 or 60 Gy of IMRT. CONCLUSION: C-ion RT exhibits a better liver dose distribution than IMRT in patients with LAHCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/radioterapia , Radioterapia com Íons Pesados , Neoplasias Hepáticas/radioterapia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Carga Tumoral
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 271-280, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate whether a radiomic machine learning (ML) approach employing texture-analysis (TA) features extracted from primary tumor lesions (PTLs) is able to predict tumor grade (TG) and nodal status (NS) in patients with oropharyngeal (OP) and oral cavity (OC) squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Contrast-enhanced CT images of 40 patients with OP and OC SCC were post-processed to extract TA features from PTLs. A feature selection method and different ML algorithms were applied to find the most accurate subset of features to predict TG and NS. RESULTS: For the prediction of TG, the best accuracy (92.9%) was achieved by Naïve Bayes (NB), bagging of NB and K Nearest Neighbor (KNN). For the prediction of NS, J48, NB, bagging of NB and boosting of J48 overcame the accuracy of 90%. CONCLUSION: A radiomic ML approach applied to PTLs is able to predict TG and NS in patients with OC and OP SCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/patologia , Idoso , Algoritmos , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Gradação de Tumores , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 281-286, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for breast cancer (BC) is the gold standard treatment for locally advanced tumors (LABC) that aims at achieving a complete pathological response (pCR). Studies have been conducted to evaluate and identify te concordance between radiological, histopathological and biological variables of BC and final response to therapy, verified by definitive histological examination after surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-five BC patients were examined and subjected to NAC. Immunohistochemical markers including oestrogen-receptor (ER), progesterone-receptor (PR), Ki67 index, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) score were examined before and after neoadjuvant treatment. RESULTS: Younger age and a significant decrease in ER expression were associated with better prognosis. Triple Negative (TN) and Her2-type breast cancers benefited most from neoadjuvant chemotherapy with higher frequency of pCR. CONCLUSION: HER2-type and TN BC are correlated with best response to NAC. A statistically significant correlation between radiological images and definitive histological examination was not observed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo
4.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 3-9, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893387

RESUMO

Neonates with hypoxic-ischaemic (HI) brain injury were monitored using a broadband near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) system in the neonatal intensive care unit. The aim of this work is to use the NIRS cerebral oxygenation data (HbD = oxygenated-haemoglobin - deoxygenated-haemoglobin) combined with arterial saturation (SaO2) from pulse oximetry to calculate cerebral blood flow (CBF) based on the oxygen swing method, during spontaneous desaturation episodes. The method is based on Fick's principle and uses HbD as a tracer; when a sudden change in SaO2 occurs, the change in HbD represents a change in tracer concentration, and thus it is possible to estimate CBF. CBF was successfully calculated with broadband NIRS in 11 HIE infants (3 with severe injury) for 70 oxygenation events on the day of birth. The average CBF was 18.0 ± 12.7 ml 100 g-1 min-1 with a range of 4 ml 100 g-1 min-1 to 60 ml 100 g-1 min-1. For infants with severe HIE (as determined by magnetic resonance spectroscopy) CBF was significantly lower (p = 0.038, d = 1.35) than those with moderate HIE on the day of birth.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Encéfalo , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Oximetria , Oxigênio , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Oximetria/instrumentação , Oximetria/métodos , Oxigênio/metabolismo
5.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 55-62, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893394

RESUMO

The aim was to investigate the feasibility of simultaneous comparison of cerebral circulation in major vessels and microvasculature in patients suffering traumatic brain injury (TBI) with or without intracranial hematomas (IH). METHODS: 170 patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 - diffuse TBI (75 patients); and Group 2 - TBI with IH (95 patients: 18 epidural, 65 subdural and 12 multiple). Perfusion computed tomography (PCT) for assessment of volumetric cerebral blood flow (CBF) was done 2-15 days after admission to hospital. Simultaneous assessment of cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) in both middle cerebral arteries was done by transcranial Doppler. RESULTS: In patients with diffuse TBI, CBF had statistically valid correlations with CBFV (r = 0.28, p = 0.0149 on the left side; r = 0.382, p = 0.00075 on the right side). In patients with TBI and IH, the analysis did not reveal any reliable correlations between the CBFV and CBF velocity in the temporal lobes, either on the side of the removed IH or on the opposite side. CONCLUSION: The greatest linear correlation was noted in patients with diffuse TBI without the development of a coarse shift of the midline structures and dislocation syndrome. This correlation decreases with the increase in injury severity and development of secondary complications in the acute period, which probably reflects impairment of the coupling of oxygen consumption by brain tissue and cerebral microcirculation.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia Doppler Transcraniana , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/normas , Ultrassonografia Doppler Transcraniana/normas
6.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 347-354, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893430

RESUMO

In preterm infants, there is a risk of long-term cognitive, motor and behavioral impairments due to hemorrhagic and/or ischemic lesions. If detected early, lesions can be prevented. A bedside imaging modality, capable of early detection of both disorders, is necessary. We present the state of development of a tomographic imager (named Pioneer), that will be capable of determining the oxygenation of the preterm-infant brain with high spatial resolution. Pioneer is a time-resolved near-infrared optical tomography (TR NIROT) instrument. It employs multiple wavelength laser light in short pulses on 11 distinct locations and measures the re-emerging light in a contactless fashion by means of a time-correlated single-photon counting (TCSPC) camera (named Piccolo) covering ~4.9 cm2 with 300 detectors. Timing response of the entire system is 116 ps. An in-house designed biocompatible source ring ensures fixed relative positions of sources and detectors and provides a secure interface between the patient and the probe. At the present state, the NIROT Pioneer system successfully detected a 6x6x50 mm3 inclusion 3 cm deep inside a phantom. These results confirm that the Pioneer imager is working as expected and is on a solid path towards full 3D tissue oxygenation imaging.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Oximetria , Oxigênio , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Oximetria/instrumentação , Oximetria/métodos , Oximetria/normas , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Imagens de Fantasmas
7.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 361-367, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893432

RESUMO

Hyperspectral imaging is a promising clinical imaging modality with multiple applications in wound care, dermatology, and ophthalmology. However, with current technologies, hyperspectral imagers are relatively large and expensive devices, mainly affordable only by hospitals. Multispectral imaging can be a cost-effective alternative for hyperspectral imaging and is capable of bringing diagnostics to primary health care. Multispectral imaging uses known features of tissue chromophores to simplify imaging device design. However, to maintain design simple and cost-effective the number of illumination bands should be minimal. Thus, proper band selection is very important. The goal of the current study is to develop an analytical model for the optimization of band selection for multispectral and narrow-band imaging techniques (e.g., narrow-band microscopy). METHODS: The contrast ratio has been proposed for quantification of image quality of subsurface inhomogeneities in the skin. Based on the two-flux Kubelka-Munk model, we developed an analytical approach which links the contrast ratio with optical tissue parameters. RESULTS: We obtained an explicit analytical solution for the dependence of maximal contrast ratio on optical tissue parameters. Then, we linked the minimally observable contrast ratio (cmin) with the bit depth of the camera, d: cmin = 1/(2d-1). Based on this analysis we were able to derive an explicit expression, which links camera properties with the minimally detectable changes in optical tissue parameters (both scattering and absorption). CONCLUSIONS: The proposed analytical model can be used for rapid assessment and optimization of multispectral and narrow band imaging techniques and for estimation of the accuracy of imaging techniques. The developed model confirms the utility of the contrast ratio for tissue imaging.


Assuntos
Imagem de Banda Estreita , Pele , Humanos , Iluminação , Modelos Estatísticos , Imagem de Banda Estreita/métodos , Pele/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 375-381, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893434

RESUMO

The value of optical redox imaging (ORI) of cells/tissues based on the intrinsic fluorescences of NADH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) and oxidized flavoproteins (containing flavin adenine dinucleotide, i.e., FAD) has been demonstrated for potential biomedical applications including diagnosis, prognosis, and determining treatment response. However, the Chance redox scanner (a 3D cryogenic tissue imager) is limited by spatial resolution (~50 µm), and tissue ORI using fluorescence microscopy (single or multi-photon) is limited by the light penetration depth. Furthermore, viable or snap-frozen tissues are usually required. In this project, we aimed to study whether ORI may be achieved for unstained fixed tissue using a state-of-the-art modern Serial Two-Photon (STP) Tomography scanner that can rapidly acquire multi-plane images at micron resolution. Tissue specimens of mouse muscle, liver, and tumor xenografts were harvested and fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde (PFA) for 24 h. Tissue blocks were scanned by STP Tomography under room temperature to acquire the autofluorescence signals (NADH channel: excitation 750 nm, blue emission filter; FAD channel: excitation 860 nm, green emission filter). We observed remarkable signals with significant intra-tissue heterogeneity in images of NADH, FAD and redox ratio (FAD/(NADH+FAD)), which are worthy of further investigation for extracting biological information.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , NAD , Imagem Óptica , Animais , Tecnologia Biomédica/instrumentação , Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Flavina-Adenina Dinucleotídeo , Xenoenxertos/diagnóstico por imagem , Camundongos , Oxirredução , Fótons
9.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(1): 17-21, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902164

RESUMO

Digital intelligent hepatobiliary surgery has evolved over decades.It has experienced an evolution course from digital virtual human technology to the establishment of a quality-controlled and homogeneous three-dimensional visualization system for precision diagnosis and treatment of diseases, from three-dimensional visualization to the clinical transformation of digital intelligent technology and changes in the diagnosis and treatment model, from empirical diagnosis of diseases to the application of deep learning for the intelligent diagnosis and treatment of diseases, from empirical surgery to real-time multi-modal image guidance during surgery, and from the morphological diagnosis of tumors to accurate diagnosis from molecular imaging.During the whole process, only through continuous innovation in research, theory and technology can the "life" of digital intelligent surgery be endowed with new vitality.In the future, the definition of tumor boundary from the molecular and cellular levels and the early diagnosis and treatment of liver tumor through the functional visualization of key molecules will have significant clinical value for changing the prognosis of liver cancer.In addition, in order to realize intelligent navigation for hepatectomy and break through the technical bottleneck, it is of great clinical significance to develop an intelligent robot real-time navigation hepatectomy system with automatic navigation technology, machine learning intelligent planning technology and multimodal image fusion technology.This provides unprecedented opportunities and challenges for the development of digital intelligent hepatobiliary surgery.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/métodos , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Inteligência Artificial , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem
10.
Ultrasonics ; 101: 106001, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505328

RESUMO

Ultrasound is the first-line tool for screening hepatic steatosis. Statistical distributions can be used to model the backscattered signals for liver characterization. The Nakagami distribution is the most frequently adopted model; however, the homodyned K (HK) distribution has received attention due to its link to physical meaning and improved parameter estimation through X- and U-statistics (termed "XU"). To assess hepatic steatosis, we proposed HK parametric imaging based on the α parameter (a measure of the number of scatterers per resolution cell) calculated using the XU estimator. Using a commercial system equipped with a 7-MHz linear array transducer, phantom experiments were performed to suggest an appropriate window size for α imaging using the sliding window technique, which was further applied to measuring the livers of rats (n = 66) with hepatic steatosis induced by feeding the rats a methionine- and choline-deficient diet. The relationships between the α parameter, the stage of hepatic steatosis, and histological features were verified by the correlation coefficient r, one-way analysis of variance, and regression analysis. The phantom results showed that the window side length corresponding to five times the pulse length supported a reliable α imaging. The α parameter showed a promising performance for grading hepatic steatosis (p < 0.05; r2 = 0.68). Compared with conventional Nakagami imaging, α parametric imaging provided significant information associated with fat droplet size (p < 0.05; r2 = 0.53), enabling further analysis and evaluation of severe hepatic steatosis.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Masculino , Imagens de Fantasmas , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
11.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(1): 69-74, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500525

RESUMO

Acute limb ischemia (ALI) is an abrupt decrease of blood flow to a limb, resulting in a potential threat to that body part. In ALI, which is commonly caused by embolism or traumatic occlusion, symptoms appear quickly due to a lack of collateral blood flow and extension of the thrombus to arterial outflow. In cases with ALI presentation, urgent evaluation and management are necessary. Here, we report 3 cases with ALI due to thromboembolism. Conventional open thromboembolectomy was performed with a femoral artery cutdown and antegrade passage of the embolectomy catheter. Further, distal access was created in the dorsalis pedis artery and/or posterior tibial artery at the ankle level. After the retrograde passage of the guidewire and antegrade insertion of the embolectomy catheter, the embolus was completely removed.


Assuntos
Embolectomia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Trombectomia , Tromboembolia/cirurgia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Tromboembolia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tromboembolia/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(1): 65-68, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500541

RESUMO

Central venous catheter (CVC) insertion with ultrasound guidance is routine clinical practice in the critically ill patient. Arterial malposition is serious and may lead to severe complications such as hemorrhage, stroke, or death. We describe a bail-out technique for removal of right-sided CVC that was mispositioned into the brachiocephalic trunk (BCT) at the origin of the right common carotid artery (CCA). Covered stenting of the BCT extending into the CCA in combination with plug embolization of the right subclavian artery was utilized.


Assuntos
Tronco Braquiocefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Venoso Central/instrumentação , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Remoção de Dispositivo/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Stents , Idoso , Remoção de Dispositivo/métodos , Embolização Terapêutica , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(1): 58-64, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500542

RESUMO

A retrospective review from July 2016 to April 2018 was performed of 23 patients with submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) who received catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT). Five (22%) of the 23 patients were discharged the same day from the intensive care unit (ICU) following thrombolysis completion. Their presentation, hospital courses, complications, and follow-up are reviewed. All 5 patients were diagnosed using chest computed tomography (CT) demonstrating a clot in the pulmonary vasculature and right ventricle dysfunction based on abnormal right ventricle to left ventricle (RV/LV) ratio. Patients with severe right heart dysfunction (RV/LV ratio ≥1.4) were protocolized to receive CDT via EkoSonic catheters (EKOS Corporation). Postoperatively, patients were admitted to the ICU with continuous alteplase at 1 mg/h. Echocardiography was then performed after 24 hours of therapy to assess right ventricle function and removal of EkoSonic catheters. Patients with reversal of right heart dysfunction and symptomatic improvement received bedside removal of catheters. The mean patient age was 50.6 years and body mass index was 33.6. Mean RV/LV ratio on admission via CT imaging was 1.56, with a mean troponin of 0.44. Interval mean RV/LV ratio on echocardiography after thrombolysis therapy was 0.91. There was a 0% incidence of periprocedural complications. One (20%) patient out of 5 had an emergency department visit 10 days postdischarge for acute shortness of breath, with workup revealing no evidence of recurrent PE. No patient required hospital readmission within 30 days. At the 6-week follow-up, all patients had continued normal right ventricular function noted on echocardiography. This case series demonstrates that for a select population of patients with severe submassive PE, the use of CDT and echocardiography monitoring can facilitate same-day discharge from the ICU.


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Alta do Paciente , Embolia Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Adulto , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Terapia Trombolítica/instrumentação , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular
14.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(1): 75-79, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506016

RESUMO

Brachial artery aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are limb-threatening vascular anomalies. This patient presented with a bilobed brachial artery aneurysm in the antecubital fossa proximally to an AVM arising from the dorsal interosseous and ulnar arteries that had been treated with endovascular embolization, leaving the hand solely supplied by the radial artery. The aneurysm continued to increase in size and imaging revealed concomitant thrombus. A femoral vein interposition graft was used to repair the aneurysm, and postoperatively, the patient retained full left arm function.


Assuntos
Aneurisma/cirurgia , Malformações Arteriovenosas/complicações , Artéria Braquial/cirurgia , Veia Femoral/transplante , Artéria Ulnar/anormalidades , Adolescente , Aneurisma/complicações , Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma/fisiopatologia , Malformações Arteriovenosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Malformações Arteriovenosas/terapia , Artéria Braquial/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Braquial/fisiopatologia , Embolização Terapêutica , Feminino , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Artéria Ulnar/diagnóstico por imagem , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
15.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(1): 5-11, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506033

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: High flow rates may develop in arteriovenous fistula (AVF), resulting in clinical syndromes of steal, aneurysmal fistula, or high-output cardiac failure. Various techniques with varying success have been advocated to treat this difficult problem. We present a hemodynamically validated novel banding technique. METHODS: We designed a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model of the native high-flow AVF and tested various juxta-anastomotic venous diameters to determine the effect on AVF blood flow and pressure. We translated this principle in our banding technique, wherein adjustable banding was performed in conjunction with ultrasound-guided brachial artery flow measurement to determine the optimal band diameter. Polyurethane patch was used to fashion the adjustable band. Patient demographics, AVF flow parameters pre- and postintervention, operative intervention, and ultrasound follow-up data were collected prospectively. RESULTS: Our CFD testing demonstrated that the band diameter needed to achieve optimal distal blood pressure and preserve AVF flow depending on blood pressure, end capillary pressure, venous pressure, and vascular diameters. Five patients subsequently underwent dynamic banding of symptomatic high-flow AVF. Mean brachial artery blood flow rates pre- and postbanding were 2964 mL/min (confidence interval [CI]: 1487-4440 mL/min) and 1099 mL/min (CI: 571.7-1627 mL/min), respectively (P = .01). All patients had symptomatic improvement, and at a mean follow-up of 1 year, this benefit was sustained with no AVF thrombosis or loss. CONCLUSION: Adjustable dynamic band using ultrasound-guided brachial artery flow shows promising results in producing accurate AVF blood flow reduction with sustained efficacy in the short term for patients with symptomatic high-flow AVF.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Artéria Braquial/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Diálise Renal , Adolescente , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Artéria Braquial/diagnóstico por imagem , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Ligadura , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Reoperação , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
16.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(1): 12-16, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522622

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical outcomes of endovascular bare stenting in patients with symptomatic isolated superior mesenteric artery (SMA) dissection (ISMAD). METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis which included a total of 9 patients with symptomatic ISMAD (7 males and 2 females, age range: 48-67 years) who were treated with endovascular bare stenting. Data regarding basic patient clinical characteristics, e-technical success of the operation, and long-term patient outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: Endovascular bare stenting was found to be technically successful in all patients. A total of 9 stents were inserted in these 9 patients. Five patients presented with stable false lumen and 4 patients presented with shrinking of false lumen after stenting. Both the trunk and branches of the SMA remained patent in all patients after stent insertion. There was no incidence of procedure-related complications, with all patients experiencing progressive symptom relief and subsequent symptom abatement within 1 week of the operation. Over a median 24 month follow-up period (range: 12-36 months), abdominal computed tomographic angiography revealed that all patients had obliterated dissections. In addition, there were no instances of stent obstruction, intestinal necrosis, or antiplatelet related bleeding during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular bare stenting was found to be a safe and effective treatment for patients with ISMAD.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Artéria Mesentérica Superior/cirurgia , Stents Metálicos Autoexpansíveis , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/fisiopatologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Artéria Mesentérica Superior/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Mesentérica Superior/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(1): 17-24, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526118

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to describe our experience in the treatment of femoropopliteal occlusive disease with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) followed by stenting with S.M.A.R.T. Flex vascular stent system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2014 to October 2018, 80 patients were treated at our Institution for intermittent claudication, critical, or acute limb ischemia due to total occlusion or long diffused lesions of the femoropopliteal segment. Main study end points are primary patency, target lesion revascularization, and stent fractures; secondary end points are major amputation rate, procedure-related bleeding, incidence of intrastent restenosis, and primary assisted patency after reintervention. RESULTS: Mean follow-up time was 21 months (range 2-48 months). Primary patency rate was 80% (64 patients of 80), with mean covered lesion length of 8.2 cm. The deployment of a single stent was obtained for 57 (89%) patients, with a mean stent length of 9.86 cm. Of 80 patients, 2 (2.5%) had early stent occlusion within first 48 hours after the procedure, while 4 (5%) of 80 patients experienced stent occlusion within first 6 months. Of 80 patients, 6 (7.5%) had an intrastent restenosis detected at duplex ultrasound with a primary-assisted patency after simple re-PTA procedures of 83.3% at 12 months. DISCUSSION: In the literature, primary patency after PTA and stenting of the femoropopliteal trunk seems to be related to several variables, such as number of stents used, specific stent length, diameters, type and length of lesions, type of pathology (if acute or chronic), and number of preoperatory patent below-the-knee vessels. In this study, we try to analyze each single factor in order to understand their role in predisposing specific stent restenosis. CONCLUSIONS: S.M.A.R.T. Flex vascular stent system has shown good results in terms of primary patency in the treatment of calcified lesions both at SFA and at popliteal level. However, in our experience, stent patency seems to be significantly poorer in patients presenting with acute limb ischemia associated with chronic atherosclerotic disease as well as for lesions located in the mid-distal part of the popliteal artery and both when number of stents increases or number of runoff vessel decreases.


Assuntos
Angioplastia/instrumentação , Artéria Femoral , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Isquemia/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Recidiva , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
18.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(1): 80-84, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533547

RESUMO

Brachial artery pseudoaneurysms (BAPs) are rare but could lead to complications of high morbidity. We report a case of a BAP presenting with hand ischemia and median nerve neuropathy nearly a decade after the inciting iatrogenic trauma, successfully treated with excision and direct repair. This report highlights that untreated pseudoaneurysms can be indolent and present late with both symptoms of embolization and local compression.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Artéria Braquial/lesões , Doença Iatrogênica , Isquemia/etiologia , Flebotomia/efeitos adversos , Extremidade Superior/irrigação sanguínea , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/fisiopatologia , Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Artéria Braquial/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Braquial/fisiopatologia , Artéria Braquial/cirurgia , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Masculino , Neuropatia Mediana/etiologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/fisiopatologia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia
19.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(1): 25-35, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537181

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to present our personal experience using covered nitinol stent-graft in the treatment of outflow tract stenosis of arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) for hemodialysis access. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2015 and October 2017, we retrospectively evaluated 36 (24 males, 12 females; mean age: 65.6 years) patients with AVGs on hemodialysis who underwent percutaneous angioplasty followed by endovascular stent-graft deployment for the treatment of stenosis of the venous outflow of the AVG. Indication for treatment included early restenosis (<3 months after previous percutaneous transluminal angioplasty [PTA]), long stenosis (stenoses >50% extending for a length >5 cm), and recoil of the stenosis after PTA performed with a noncompliant high-pressure balloon. Of 36 patients, 27 (75%) required surgical thrombectomy prior to endovascular procedure. Technical success, clinical success, primary and secondary patency, and safety were evaluated. RESULTS: Technical success was 100%, and clinical success was 94.4%. Primary patency was 94.4%, 72.2%, 63%, 45.9%, and 45.9% at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months (average: 215 days, range: 9-653 days); secondary patency was 94.4% and 86.1% at 1 and 3 months; 80.4% at 6, 12, and 18 months; and 53.6% at 24 months (average: 276.8 days, range: 9-744 days). No deaths were registered. CONCLUSIONS: In selected cases, the use of stent-graft represents an effective and safe solution for the treatment of stenotic complications of the venous outflow of AVGs, even in the setting of access thrombosis.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Diálise Renal , Stents , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ligas , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Politetrafluoretileno , Desenho de Prótese , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
20.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(1): 85-88, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547785

RESUMO

The common femoral artery (CFA) is the most widely used inflow in all types of surgical revascularization in patients with peripheral artery disease. However, the CFA cannot always be used because of calcification, obstruction, or previous dissection. Here, we report a rare case of selecting the deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA) as a source of inflow to perform a surgical revascularization in a patient with chronic limb-threatening ischemia. A 62-year-old man was admitted to our hospital due to necrotized third and fifth toes with pain at rest. Computed tomography showed severe stenosis of the CFA, superficial femoral artery, and deep femoral artery, and an entirely stented external iliac artery. The DCIA was identified as the only patent artery. Considering the condition of the other arteries, we selected the DCIA as a source of inflow. Deep circumflex iliac-popliteal bypass was performed with a saphenous vein. The bypass graft was patent 9 months after surgery and limb salvage had been achieved.


Assuntos
Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Enxerto Vascular/métodos , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
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