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1.
Iran J Med Sci ; 49(3): 156-166, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584650

RESUMO

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV)-related multi phenotypic sinonasal carcinoma (HMSC) is a recently described tumor subtype with an unknown prognosis, often misdiagnosed with other sinonasal carcinomas, and associated with high-risk HPV (HR-HPV). The present study aimed to evaluate the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Bcl-2-associated X protein (BAX), epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR), ProExTMC, and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and assess their association with survival and clinicopathological characteristics. Methods: Between 2017 and 2022, 40 HMSC patients underwent surgical resection at the School of Medicine, Zagazig University Hospitals (Zagazig, Egypt). Tissue samples were examined for the presence of HR-HPV; absence of myeloblastosis (MYB), MYB proto-oncogene like 1 (MYBL1), and nuclear factor I/B (NFIB) fusions and the presence of myoepithelial proteins (calponin, S100, SMA), squamous differentiation markers (p63, p40, calponin), VEGF, BAX, ProExTMC, and hTERT by immunohistochemistry. All patients were followed up for about 54 months until death or the last known survival data. Data were analyzed using the Chi square test and Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The expression of VEGF, hTERT, and ProExTMC was significantly associated with age, advanced tumor stages, lymph node metastasis, tumor size, mortality, relapse, poor disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) (P<0.001). BAX expression was significantly associated with tumor size, age, poor DFS, and relapse (P=0.01, P<0.001, P=0.035, and P=0.002, respectively). Conclusion: HMSC is strongly associated with HR-HPV. The expression of VEGF, EGFR, BAX, hTERT, and ProExTMC is associated with aggressive malignant behavior, poor survival, and poor prognosis, making them novel prognostic biomarkers for targeted therapeutics in HMSC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais , Humanos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , Papillomavirus Humano , Prognóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Papillomaviridae , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/complicações , Carcinoma/diagnóstico , Carcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/patologia , Receptores ErbB , Recidiva , Biomarcadores
2.
Can Respir J ; 2024: 5554886, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584671

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the mechanism through which Astragalus and Panax notoginseng decoction (APD) facilitates the treatment of ferroptosis-mediated pulmonary fibrosis. Materials and Methods: First, the electromedical measurement systems were used to measure respiratory function in mice; the lungs were then collected for histological staining. Potential pharmacologic targets were predicted via network pharmacology. Finally, tests including immunohistochemistry, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and western blotting were used to evaluate the relative expression levels of collagen, transforming growth factor ß, α-smooth muscle actin, hydroxyproline, and ferroptosis-related genes (GPX4, SLC7A11, ACSL4, and PTGS2) and candidates involved in the mediation of pathways associated with ferroptosis (Hif-1α and EGFR). Results: APD prevented the occurrence of restrictive ventilation dysfunction induced by ferroptosis. Extracellular matrix and collagen fiber deposition were significantly reduced when the APD group compared with the model group; furthermore, ferroptosis was attenuated, expression of PTGS2 and ACSL4 increased, and expression of GPX4 and SLC7A11 decreased. In the APD group, the candidates related to the mediation of ferroptosis (Hif-1α and EGFR) decreased compared with the model group. Discussion and Conclusions. APD may ameliorate restrictive ventilatory dysfunction through the inhibition of ferroptosis. This was achieved through the attenuation of collagen deposition and inflammatory recruitment in pulmonary fibrosis. The underlying mechanisms might involve Hif-1α and EGFR.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Panax notoginseng , Fibrose Pulmonar , Animais , Camundongos , Fibrose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Colágeno , Receptores ErbB
3.
Clin Respir J ; 18(4): e13748, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that loss of the EGFR T790M gene mutation may contribute to the development of resistance to Osimertinib in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). AIMS: This study aims to assess the relationship between the clinical effectiveness of Osimertinib in NSCLC patients and the T790M mutation status following resistance to Osimertinib and examine differences between plasma and tissue tests and between Asian and non-Asian groups. METHODS: The PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases were comprehensively searched for studies on the association between T790M mutation status and the efficacy of Osimertinib between January 2014 and November 2023. Meta-analysis was carried out using Review Manager 5.4 software. RESULTS: After evaluating 2727 articles, a total of 14 studies were included in the final analysis. Positive correlations between EGFR T790M mutation status after Osimertinib resistance and longer PFS (HR: 0.44, 95% CI: 0.30-0.66), longer OS (HR: 0.3, 95% CI: 0.10-0.86), longer TTD (HR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.45-1.07), and improved clinical outcomes including PFS and TTD subgroups (HR: 0.58, 95% CI: 0.47-0.73) were observed. Subgroup analysis revealed that, compared with the blood tests, the results of the T790M mutation tests by the tissue are more significant (HR: 0.24, 95% CI: 0.11-0.52 for tissue tests; HR: 0.47, 95% CI: 0.22-1.00 for plasma tests), and the PFS of Osimertinib were similar for Asian and non-Asian patients (HR: 0.46, 95% CI: 0.31-0.68 for Asians; HR: 0.12, 95% CI: 0.01-1.27 for non-Asians). CONCLUSIONS: Persistence of the T790M gene mutation after the development of Osimertinib resistance is associated with higher therapeutic benefits of Osimertinib in NSCLC patients. The results of tissue detection are more significant than those of plasma detection.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas , Compostos de Anilina , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Indóis , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pirimidinas , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Mutação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
4.
Curr Pharm Biotechnol ; 25(4): 499-509, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572608

RESUMO

Background: Salpingitis obstructive infertility (SOI) refers to infertility caused by abnormal conditions such as tubal adhesion and blockage caused by acute and chronic salpingitis. SOI has a serious impact on women's physical and mental health and family harmony, and it is a clinical problem that needs to be solved urgently.

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to explore the potential pharmacological mechanisms of the Yinjia tablets (Yin Jia Pian, YJP) on tubal inflammation.

Methods: Networks of YJP-associated targets and tubal inflammation-related genes were constructed through the STRING database. Potential targets and pathway enrichment analysis related to the therapeutic efficacy of YJP were identified using Cytoscape and Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery (metascape). E. coli was used to establish a rat model of tubal inflammation and to validate the predictions of network pharmacology and the therapeutic efficacy of YJP. H&E staining was used to observe the pathological changes in fallopian tubes. TEM observation of the ultrastructure of the fallopian tubes. ELISA was used to detect the changes of IL-6 and TNF-α in fallopian tubes. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of ESR1. The changes of Bcl-2, ERK1/2, p-ERK1/2, MEK, p-MEK, EGFR, and p-EGFR were detected by western blot.

Results: Through database analysis, it was found that YJP shared 105 identical targets with the disease. Network pharmacology analysis showed that IL-6, TNF, and EGFR belong to the top 5 core proteins associated with salpingitis, and EGFR/MEK/ERK may be the main pathway involved. The E. coli-induced disease rat model of fallopian tube tissue showed damage, mitochondrial disruption, and increased levels of the inflammatory factors IL-6 and TNF-α. Tubal inflammatory infertility rats have increased expression of Bcl-2, p-ERK1/2, p-MEK, and p-EGFR, and decreased expression of ESR1. In vivo, experiments showed that YJP improved damage of tissue, inhibited shedding of tubal cilia, and suppressed the inflammatory response of the body. Furthermore, YJP inhibited EGFR/MEK/ERK signaling, inhibited the apoptotic protein Bcl-2, and upregulated ESR1.

Conclusion: This study revealed that YJP Reducing tubal inflammation and promoting tissue repair may be associated with inhibition of the EGFR/MEK/ERK signaling pathway.

.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Infertilidade , Salpingite , Humanos , Feminino , Ratos , Animais , Salpingite/complicações , Salpingite/metabolismo , Salpingite/patologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Farmacologia em Rede , Infertilidade/complicações , Transdução de Sinais , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
5.
J Transl Med ; 22(1): 326, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effects of gut microbiota and metabolites on the responses to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in advanced epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) wild-type non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have been studied. However, their effects on EGFR-mutated (EGFR +) NSCLC remain unknown. METHODS: We prospectively recorded the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with advanced EGFR + NSCLC and assessed potential associations between the use of antibiotics or probiotics and immunotherapy efficacy. Fecal samples were collected at baseline, early on-treatment, response and progression status and were subjected to metagenomic next-generation sequencing and ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses to assess the effects of gut microbiota and metabolites on immunotherapy efficacy. RESULTS: The clinical data of 74 advanced EGFR + NSCLC patients were complete and 18 patients' fecal samples were dynamically collected. Patients that used antibiotics had shorter progression-free survival (PFS) (mPFS, 4.8 vs. 6.7 months; P = 0.037); probiotics had no impact on PFS. Two dynamic types of gut microbiota during immunotherapy were identified: one type showed the lowest relative abundance at the response time point, whereas the other type showed the highest abundance at the response time point. Metabolomics revealed significant differences in metabolites distribution between responders and non-responders. Deoxycholic acid, glycerol, and quinolinic acid were enriched in responders, whereas L-citrulline was enriched in non-responders. There was a significant correlation between gut microbiota and metabolites. CONCLUSIONS: The use of antibiotics weakens immunotherapy efficacy in patients with advanced EGFR + NSCLC. The distribution characteristics and dynamic changes of gut microbiota and metabolites may indicate the efficacy of immunotherapy in advanced EGFR + NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoterapia , Receptores ErbB/genética , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
6.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299267, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most aggressive and lethal human cancers. Intra-tumoral genetic heterogeneity poses a significant challenge for treatment. Biopsy is invasive, which motivates the development of non-invasive, MRI-based machine learning (ML) models to quantify intra-tumoral genetic heterogeneity for each patient. This capability holds great promise for enabling better therapeutic selection to improve patient outcome. METHODS: We proposed a novel Weakly Supervised Ordinal Support Vector Machine (WSO-SVM) to predict regional genetic alteration status within each GBM tumor using MRI. WSO-SVM was applied to a unique dataset of 318 image-localized biopsies with spatially matched multiparametric MRI from 74 GBM patients. The model was trained to predict the regional genetic alteration of three GBM driver genes (EGFR, PDGFRA and PTEN) based on features extracted from the corresponding region of five MRI contrast images. For comparison, a variety of existing ML algorithms were also applied. Classification accuracy of each gene were compared between the different algorithms. The SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) method was further applied to compute contribution scores of different contrast images. Finally, the trained WSO-SVM was used to generate prediction maps within the tumoral area of each patient to help visualize the intra-tumoral genetic heterogeneity. RESULTS: WSO-SVM achieved 0.80 accuracy, 0.79 sensitivity, and 0.81 specificity for classifying EGFR; 0.71 accuracy, 0.70 sensitivity, and 0.72 specificity for classifying PDGFRA; 0.80 accuracy, 0.78 sensitivity, and 0.83 specificity for classifying PTEN; these results significantly outperformed the existing ML algorithms. Using SHAP, we found that the relative contributions of the five contrast images differ between genes, which are consistent with findings in the literature. The prediction maps revealed extensive intra-tumoral region-to-region heterogeneity within each individual tumor in terms of the alteration status of the three genes. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the feasibility of using MRI and WSO-SVM to enable non-invasive prediction of intra-tumoral regional genetic alteration for each GBM patient, which can inform future adaptive therapies for individualized oncology.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Humanos , Glioblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/patologia , Medicina de Precisão , Heterogeneidade Genética , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Algoritmos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Receptores ErbB/genética
7.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2865, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570528

RESUMO

Targeting neovascularization in glioblastoma (GBM) is hampered by poor understanding of the underlying mechanisms and unclear linkages to tumour molecular landscapes. Here we report that different molecular subtypes of human glioma stem cells (GSC) trigger distinct endothelial responses involving either angiogenic or circumferential vascular growth (vasectasia). The latter process is selectively triggered by mesenchymal (but not proneural) GSCs and is mediated by a subset of extracellular vesicles (EVs) able to transfer EGFR/EGFRvIII transcript to endothelial cells. Inhibition of the expression and phosphorylation of EGFR in endothelial cells, either pharmacologically (Dacomitinib) or genetically (gene editing), abolishes their EV responses in vitro and disrupts vasectasia in vivo. Therapeutic inhibition of EGFR markedly extends anticancer effects of VEGF blockade in mice, coupled with abrogation of vasectasia and prolonged survival. Thus, vasectasia driven by intercellular transfer of oncogenic EGFR may represent a new therapeutic target in a subset of GBMs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Vesículas Extracelulares , Glioblastoma , Glioma , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Glioma/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo
8.
Brief Bioinform ; 25(3)2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557672

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most common histologic subtype of lung cancer. Early-stage patients have a 30-50% probability of metastatic recurrence after surgical treatment. Here, we propose a new computational framework, Interpretable Biological Pathway Graph Neural Networks (IBPGNET), based on pathway hierarchy relationships to predict LUAD recurrence and explore the internal regulatory mechanisms of LUAD. IBPGNET can integrate different omics data efficiently and provide global interpretability. In addition, our experimental results show that IBPGNET outperforms other classification methods in 5-fold cross-validation. IBPGNET identified PSMC1 and PSMD11 as genes associated with LUAD recurrence, and their expression levels were significantly higher in LUAD cells than in normal cells. The knockdown of PSMC1 and PSMD11 in LUAD cells increased their sensitivity to afatinib and decreased cell migration, invasion and proliferation. In addition, the cells showed significantly lower EGFR expression, indicating that PSMC1 and PSMD11 may mediate therapeutic sensitivity through EGFR expression.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Receptores ErbB/genética , Proliferação de Células
9.
Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book ; 44(3): e432516, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560815

RESUMO

Druggable oncogene-driven non-small cell lung cancer has led to innovative systemic treatment options, improving patients' outcome. This benefit is not only achieved in the metastatic setting but also in the postsurgical setting, such as in lung cancers harboring a common sensitizing EGFR mutation or ALK-rearrangement. To enhance the outcome of these patients, we need to understand the mechanisms of acquired resistance and evaluate the role of new drugs with novel mechanisms of action in the treatment landscape. In this chapter, we review treatment strategies of EGFR-mutant tumors in all stages, the mechanisms of acquired strategies, and novel therapies in this subset.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Mutação , Oncogenes , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia
10.
Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol ; 50(2): e12974, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562027

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is caused by variants in TSC1/TSC2, leading to constitutive activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1. Therapy with everolimus has been approved for TSC, but variations in success are frequent. Recently, caudal late interneuron progenitor (CLIP) cells were identified as a common origin of the TSC brain pathologies such as subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SEGA) and cortical tubers (CT). Further, targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) with afatinib, which is expressed in CLIP cells, reduces cell growth in cerebral TSC organoids. However, investigation of clinical patient-derived data is lacking. AIMS: Observation of EGFR expression in SEGA, CT and focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) 2B human brain specimen and investigation of whether its inhibition could be a potential therapeutic intervention for these patients. METHODS: Brain specimens of 23 SEGAs, 6 CTs, 20 FCD2Bs and 17 controls were analysed via immunohistochemistry to characterise EGFR expression, cell proliferation (via Mib1) and mTOR signalling. In a cell-based assay using primary patient-derived cells (CT n = 1, FCD2B n = 1 and SEGA n = 4), the effects of afatinib and everolimus on cell proliferation and cell viability were observed. RESULTS: EGFR overexpression was observed in histological sections of SEGA, CT and FCD2B patients. Both everolimus and afatinib decreased the proliferation and viability in primary SEGA, tuber and FCD2B cells. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that EGFR suppression might be an effective alternative treatment option for SEGAs and tubers, as well as other mTOR-associated malformations of cortical development, including FCD2B.


Assuntos
Astrocitoma , Esclerose Tuberosa , Humanos , Everolimo/farmacologia , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Esclerose Tuberosa/metabolismo , Afatinib/uso terapêutico , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Astrocitoma/tratamento farmacológico , Astrocitoma/metabolismo , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina , Receptores ErbB/uso terapêutico
11.
Se Pu ; 42(4): 333-344, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566422

RESUMO

17ß-Estradiol (E2), an important endocrine hormone in the mammalian body, participates in the regulation of the physiological functions of the reproductive system, mammary glands, bone, and cardiovascular system, among others. Paradoxically, despite the physiological actions of endogenous E2 (0.2-1.0 nmol/L), numerous clinical and experimental studies have demonstrated that high-dose E2 treatment can cause tumor regression and exert pro-apoptotic actions in multiple cell types; however, the underlying mechanism remains undescribed. In particular, little information of the cellular processes responding to the lethality of E2 is available. In the present study, we attempted to characterize the cellular processes responding to high-dose (µmol/L) E2 treatment using quantitative phosphoproteomics to obtain a better understanding of the regulatory mechanism of E2-induced cell death. First, the cell phenotype induced by high-dose E2 was determined by performing Cell Counting Kit-8 assay (CCK8), cell cytotoxicity analysis by trypan blue staining, and microscopic imaging on HeLa cells treated with 1-10 µmol/L E2 or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) for 1-3 d. E2 inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell death in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Compared with the DMSO-treated HeLa cells, the cells treated with 5 µmol/L E2 for 2 d demonstrated >74% growth inhibition and approximately 50% cell death. Thus, these cells were used for quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis. Next, a solid-phase extraction (SPE)-based immobilized titanium ion affinity chromatography (Ti4+-IMAC) phosphopeptide-enrichment method coupled with data-independent acquisition (DIA)-based quantitative proteomics was employed for the in-depth screening of high-dose E2-regulated phosphorylation sites to investigate the intracellular processes responding to high-dose E2 treatment. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) identified over 10000 phosphorylation sites regulated by E2 and DMSO in HeLa cells. In comparison with the DMSO-treated cells, the cells treated with 5 µmol/L E2 showed 537 upregulated phosphorylation sites and 387 downregulated phosphorylation sites, with a threshold of p<0.01 and |log2(fold change)|≥1. A total of 924 phosphorylation sites on 599 proteins were significantly regulated by high-dose E2, and these sites were subjected to enrichment analysis. In addition, 453 differently regulated phosphorylation sites on 325 proteins were identified only in the E2- or DMSO-treated cell samples. These phosphorylation sites may be phosphorylated or dephosphorylated in response to high-dose E2 stimulation and were subjected to parallel enrichment analyses. Taken together, 1218 phosphorylation sites on 741 proteins were significantly regulated by high-dose E2 treatment. The functional phosphoproteins in these two groups were then analyzed using Gene Ontology (GO) and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) to determine the biological processes in which they participate and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway database. Consistent with the cell-phenotype data, cell cycle-related proteins were highly enriched in the two groups of E2-regulated phosphoproteins (p<0.05), indicating that high-dose E2 treatment can regulate cell proliferation. In addition, E2-regulated phosphoproteins were highly enriched in the cellular processes of ribosome biogenesis, nucleocytoplasmic transport, and messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) processing/splicing (p<0.05), indicating that the activation of these processes may contribute to high-dose E2-induced cell death. These results further confirm that high-dose E2 treatment inhibits protein translation and induces cell death. Furthermore, the significant upregulation of multiple phosphorylation sites associated with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) MAPK1, MAPK4, and MAPK14 by high-dose E2 indicates that the EGFR and MAPK signaling pathways are likely involved in the regulation of E2-induced cell death. These phosphorylation sites likely play vital roles in E2-induced cell death in HeLa cells. Overall, our phosphoproteomic data could be a valuable resource for uncovering the regulatory mechanisms of E2 in the micromolar range.


Assuntos
Dimetil Sulfóxido , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Humanos , Cromatografia Líquida , Células HeLa , Estradiol/farmacologia , Fosfoproteínas/química , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Mamíferos/metabolismo
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7908, 2024 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575675

RESUMO

Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) initiate cellular signaling pathways, which are regulated through a delicate balance of phosphorylation and dephosphorylation events. While many studies of RTKs have focused on downstream-activated kinases catalyzing the site-specific phosphorylation, few studies have focused on the phosphatases carrying out the dephosphorylation. In this study, we analyzed six protein phosphatase networks using chemical inhibitors in context of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling by mass spectrometry-based phosphoproteomics. Specifically, we focused on protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C), involved in attenuating p38-dependent signaling pathways in various cellular responses, and confirmed its effect in regulating p38 activity in EGFR signaling. Furthermore, utilizing a p38 inhibitor, we classified phosphosites whose phosphorylation status depends on PP2C inhibition into p38-dependent and p38-independent sites. This study provides a large-scale dataset of phosphatase-regulation of EGF-responsive phosphorylation sites, which serves as a useful resource to deepen our understanding of EGFR signaling.


Assuntos
Receptores ErbB , Transdução de Sinais , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Fosfoproteínas Fosfatases/metabolismo
13.
Nanotheranostics ; 8(3): 285-297, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577322

RESUMO

Rationale: Microbubble (MB) contrast agents combined with ultrasound targeted microbubble cavitation (UTMC) are a promising platform for site-specific therapeutic oligonucleotide delivery. We investigated UTMC-mediated delivery of siRNA directed against epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) via a novel MB-liposome complex (LPX). Methods: LPXs were constructed by conjugation of cationic liposomes to the surface of C4F10 gas-filled lipid MBs using biotin/avidin chemistry, then loaded with siRNA via electrostatic interaction. Luciferase-expressing SCC-VII cells (SCC-VII-Luc) were cultured in Petri dishes. The Petri dishes were filled with media in which LPXs loaded with siRNA against firefly luciferase (Luc siRNA) were suspended. Ultrasound (US) (1 MHz, 100-µs pulse, 10% duty cycle) was delivered to the dishes for 10 sec at varying acoustic pressures and luciferase assay was performed 24 hr later. In vivo siRNA delivery was studied in SCC-VII tumor-bearing mice intravenously infused with a 0.5 mL saline suspension of EGFR siRNA LPX (7×108 LPX, ~30 µg siRNA) for 20 min during concurrent US (1 MHz, 0.5 MPa spatial peak temporal peak negative pressure, five 100-µs pulses every 1 ms; each pulse train repeated every 2 sec to allow reperfusion of LPX into the tumor). Mice were sacrificed 2 days post treatment and tumor EGFR expression was measured (Western blot). Other mice (n=23) received either EGFR siRNA-loaded LPX + UTMC or negative control (NC) siRNA-loaded LPX + UTMC on days 0 and 3, or no treatment ("sham"). Tumor volume was serially measured by high-resolution 3D US imaging. Results: Luc siRNA LPX + UTMC caused significant luciferase knockdown vs. no treatment control, p<0.05) in SCC-VII-Luc cells at acoustic pressures 0.25 MPa to 0.9 MPa, while no significant silencing effect was seen at lower pressure (0.125 MPa). In vivo, EGFR siRNA LPX + UTMC reduced tumor EGFR expression by ~30% and significantly inhibited tumor growth by day 9 (~40% decrease in tumor volume vs. NC siRNA LPX + UTMC, p<0.05). Conclusions: Luc siRNA LPXs + UTMC achieved functional delivery of Luc siRNA to SCC-VII-Luc cells in vitro. EGFR siRNA LPX + UTMC inhibited tumor growth and suppressed EGFR expression in vivo, suggesting that this platform holds promise for non-invasive, image-guided targeted delivery of therapeutic siRNA for cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Lipossomos , Animais , Camundongos , Lipossomos/química , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Microbolhas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Receptores ErbB/genética , Luciferases
14.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7654, 2024 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561419

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletion is a major driver for the drug resistance of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Identification small inhibitor capable of selectively inhibiting EGFR-19del NSCLC is a desirable strategy to overcome drug resistance in NSCLC. This study aims to screen an inhibitor for EGFR exon 19 deletion cells and explore its underlying mechanism. High through-put screen was conducted to identify an inhibitor for EGFR-19del NSCLC cells. And tenovin-3 was identified as a selective inhibitor of PC9 cells, an EGFR-19del NSCLC cells. Tenovin-3 showed particular inhibition effect on PC9 cells proliferation through inducing apoptosis and ferroptosis. Mechanistically, tenovin-3 might induce the apoptosis and ferroptosis of PC9 cells through mitochondrial pathway, as indicated by the change of VDAC1 and cytochrome c (cyt c). And bioinformatics analyses showed that the expression levels of SLC7A11 and CPX4 were correlated with NSCLC patient's survival. Our findings provide evidences for tenovin-3 to be developed into a novel candidate agent for NSCLC with EGFR exon 19 deletion. Our study also suggests that inducing ferroptosis may be a therapeutic strategy for NSCLC with EGFR exon 19 deletion.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Ferroptose , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Mutação
15.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 159, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589859

RESUMO

Brain metastasis (BM) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, limited treatments are available due to the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Upregulation of lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase 1 (LPCAT1) in NSCLC has been found to promote BM. Conversely, downregulating LPCAT1 significantly suppresses the proliferation and metastasis of lung cancer cells. In this study, we firstly confirmed significant upregulation of LPCAT1 in BM sites compared to primary lung cancer by analyzing scRNA dataset. We then designed a delivery system based on a single-chain variable fragment (scFv) targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and exosomes derived from HEK293T cells to enhance cell-targeting capabilities and increase permeability. Next, we loaded LPCAT1 siRNA (siLPCAT1) into these engineered exosomes (exoscFv). This novel scFv-mounted exosome successfully crossed the BBB in an animal model and delivered siLPCAT1 to the BM site. Silencing LPCAT1 efficiently arrested tumor growth and inhibited malignant progression of BM in vivo without detectable toxicity. Overall, we provided a potential platform based on exosomes for RNA interference (RNAi) therapy in lung cancer BM.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Exossomos , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Animais , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia , Exossomos/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo
16.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 27(3): 241-244, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590198

RESUMO

With the continuous innovation of genomics, proteomics and molecular biological detection technology, the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has changed from traditional chemotherapy to immunotherapy and targeted therapy. Among them, molecular tumor markers targeting tyrosine kinase pathways play more important roles in clinical practice. For advanced NSCLC patients with positive epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, there are many first-line drugs on the market and they could bring significant efficacy, thus completely subverting the treatment pattern of advanced NSCLC. Common mutations of EGFR in Chinese patients are located on exons 19, 20 and 21, of which exons 19 and 21 mutations are the more common types. Besides, there is also a subtype of EGFR mutations, known as EGFR 20 exon insertion (EGFR 20ins) mutation. The authors summarized the treatment of a lung adenocarcinoma patient with EGFR 20ins mutation accepting Furmonertinib mesylate, in order to provide effective references for clinical diagnosis and treatment.
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Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Indóis , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Piridinas , Pirimidinas , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Mutação , Éxons
17.
JCO Precis Oncol ; 8: e2300454, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591867

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The National Cancer Institute Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice trial is a signal-finding genomically driven platform trial that assigns patients with any advanced refractory solid tumor, lymphoma, or myeloma to targeted therapies on the basis of next-generation sequencing results. Subprotocol E evaluated osimertinib, an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in patients with EGFR mutations. METHODS: Eligible patients had EGFR mutations (T790M or rare activating) and received osimertinib 80 mg once daily. Patients with lung cancer with EGFR T790M were excluded. The primary end point was objective response rate (ORR), and the secondary end points were 6-month progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival, and toxicity. RESULTS: A total of 19 patients were enrolled: 17 were evaluable for toxicity and 13 for efficacy. The median age of the 13 included in the efficacy analysis was 63 years, 62% had Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 1, and 31% received >three previous systemic therapies. The most common tumor type was brain cancers (54%). The ORR was 15.4% (n = 2 of 13; 90% CI, 2.8 to 41.0) and 6-month PFS was 16.7% (90% CI, 0 to 34.4). The two confirmed RECIST responses were observed in a patient with neuroendocrine carcinoma not otherwise specified (EGFR exon 20 S768T and exon 18 G719C mutation) and a patient with low-grade epithelial carcinoma of the paranasal sinus (EGFR D770_N771insSVD). The most common (>20%) treatment-related adverse events were diarrhea, thrombocytopenia, and maculopapular rash. CONCLUSION: In this pretreated cohort, osimertinib did not meet the prespecified end point threshold for efficacy, but responses were seen in a neuroendocrine carcinoma with an EGFR exon 20 S768T and exon 18 G719C mutation and an epithelial carcinoma with an EGFR D770_N771insSVD mutation. Osimertinib was well tolerated and had a safety profile consistent with previous studies.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas , Compostos de Anilina , Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Indóis , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pirimidinas , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , National Cancer Institute (U.S.) , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Mutação , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/tratamento farmacológico
18.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(4): e245635, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592721

RESUMO

Importance: The available evidence regarding anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor rechallenge in patients with refractory circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) RAS/BRAF wild-type (wt) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is derived from small retrospective and prospective studies. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of anti-EGFR rechallenge in patients with refractory ctDNA RAS/BRAF wt mCRC. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nonrandomized controlled trial used a pooled analysis of individual patient data from patients with RAS/BRAF wt ctDNA mCRC enrolled in 4 Italian trials (CAVE, VELO, CRICKET, and CHRONOS) and treated with anti-EGFR rechallenge between 2015 and 2022 (median [IQR] follow-up, 28.1 [25.8-35.0] months). Intervention: Patients received anti-EGFR rechallenge therapy, including cetuximab plus avelumab, trifluridine-tipiracil plus panitumumab, irinotecan plus cetuximab, or panitumumab monotherapy. Main Outcomes and Measures: Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR), and disease control rate (DCR) were calculated. Exploratory subgroup analysis evaluating several clinical variables was performed. Safety was reported. Results: Overall, 114 patients with RAS/BRAF wt ctDNA mCRC (median [IQR] age, 61 [29-88] years; 66 men [57.9%]) who received anti-EGFR rechallenge as experimental therapy (48 received cetuximab plus avelumab, 26 received trifluridine-tipiracil plus panitumumab, 13 received irinotecan plus cetuximab, and 27 received panitumumab monotherapy) were included in the current analysis. Eighty-three patients (72.8%) had received 2 previous lines of therapy, and 31 patients (27.2%) had received 3 or more previous lines of therapy. The ORR was 17.5% (20 patients), and the DCR was 72.3% (82 patients). The median PFS was 4.0 months (95% CI, 3.2-4.7 months), and the median OS was 13.1 months (95% CI, 9.5-16.7 months). The subgroup of patients without liver involvement had better clinical outcomes. The median PFS was 5.7 months (95% CI, 4.8-6.7 months) in patients without liver metastasis compared with 3.6 months (95% CI, 3.3-3.9 months) in patients with liver metastasis (hazard ratio, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.37-0.83; P = .004). The median OS was 17.7 months (95% CI, 13-22.4 months) in patients without liver metastasis compared with 11.5 months (95% CI, 9.3-13.9 months) in patients with liver metastasis (hazard ratio, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.41-0.97; P = .04). Treatments showed manageable toxic effects. Conclusions and Relevance: These findings suggest that anti-EGFR rechallenge therapy has promising antitumor activity in patients with refractory ctDNA RAS/BRAF wt mCRC. Within the limitation of a subgroup analysis, the absence of liver metastases was associated with significant improved survival. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifiers: NCT02296203; NCT04561336; NCT03227926; NCT05468892.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Retais , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Irinotecano , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Trifluridina , Cetuximab/uso terapêutico , Panitumumabe , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Receptores ErbB
19.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0295987, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593164

RESUMO

Survival rates in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are low. Detection of circulating tumor DNA in liquid biopsy (plasma) is increasingly used to identify targeted therapies for clinically actionable mutations, including EGFR mutations in NSCLC. The cobas® EGFR Mutation Test v2 (cobas EGFR test) is FDA-approved for EGFR mutation detection in tissue or liquid biopsy from NSCLC. Standard K2EDTA tubes require plasma separation from blood within 4 to 8 hours; however, Roche Cell-Free DNA (cfDNA) Collection Tubes (Roche cfDNA tube) enable whole blood stability for up to 7 days prior to plasma separation. This analysis assessed performance of Roche cfDNA tubes with the cobas EGFR test for the detection of EGFR mutations in plasma from healthy donors or patients with NSCLC. Overall, test performance was equally robust with either blood collection tube, eg, regarding limit of detection, linearity, and reproducibility, making Roche cfDNA tubes suitable for routine clinical laboratory use in this setting. Importantly, the Roche cfDNA tubes provided more flexibility for specimen handling versus K2EDTA tubes, eg, in terms of tube mixing, plasma separation, and sample stability, and do not require processing of blood within 8 hours thereby increasing the reach of plasma biopsies in NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Mutação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Receptores ErbB/genética
20.
Int J Med Sci ; 21(4): 765-774, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38464823

RESUMO

Introduction: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation is common in Chinese patients with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Brain metastases (BMs) is high and associated with poor prognosis. Identification of EGFR-mutant patients at high risk of developing BMs is important to reduce or delay the incidence of BMs. Currently, there is no literature on the prediction and modeling of EGFR brain metastasis at the proteinomics level. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of BMs in postoperative recurrent LUAD with EGFR mutation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University. Tissue proteomic analysis was applied in the primary tumors of resected LUAD in this study using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). To identify potential markers for predicting LUAD BM, comparative analyses were performed on different groups to evaluate proteins associated with high risk of BMs. Results: A combination of three potential marker proteins was found to discriminate well between distal metastasis (DM) and local recurrence (LR) of postoperative LUAD with EGFR mutation. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis of significantly altered proteins between BM and non-BM (NBM) indicated that lipid metabolism and cell cycle-related pathways were involved in BMs of LUAD. And the enriched pathways correlated with BMs were found to be quite different in the comparison groups of postoperative adjuvant therapy, tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), and chemotherapy groups. Finally, we developed a random forest algorithm model with eight proteins (RRS1, CPT1A, DNM1, SRCAP, MLYCD, PCID2, IMPAD1 and FILIP1), which showed excellent predictive value (AUC: 0.9401) of BM in patients with LUAD harboring EGFR mutation. Conclusions: A predictive model based on protein markers was developed to accurately predict postoperative BM in operable LUAD harboring EGFR mutation.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Encefálicas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Proteômica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cromatografia Líquida , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Proteínas Nucleares/genética
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