Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 22.383
Filtrar
1.
Life Sci ; 345: 122613, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582393

RESUMO

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most prevalent and deadly primary brain tumor type, with a discouragingly low survival rate and few effective treatments. An important function of the EGFR signalling pathway in the development of GBM is to affect tumor proliferation, persistence, and treatment resistance. Advances in molecular biology in the last several years have shown how important ncRNAs are for controlling a wide range of biological activities, including cancer progression and development. NcRNAs have become important post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, and they may affect the EGFR pathway by either directly targeting EGFR or by modifying important transcription factors and downstream signalling molecules. The EGFR pathway is aberrantly activated in response to the dysregulation of certain ncRNAs, which has been linked to GBM carcinogenesis, treatment resistance, and unfavourable patient outcomes. We review the literature on miRNAs, circRNAs and lncRNAs that are implicated in the regulation of EGFR signalling in GBM, discussing their mechanisms of action, interactions with the signalling pathway, and implications for GBM therapy. Furthermore, we explore the potential of ncRNA-based strategies to overcome resistance to EGFR-targeted therapies, including the use of ncRNA mimics or inhibitors to modulate the activity of key regulators within the pathway.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioblastoma , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA não Traduzido/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo
2.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0298326, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625872

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor EGFR inhibitors are widely used as first line therapy for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients harboring EGFR mutation. However, the acquisition of a second-site mutation (T790 M) limited the efficacy and developed resistance. Therefore, discovery and development of specific drug target for this mutation is of urgent needs. In our study we used the ChemDiv diversity database for receptor-based virtual screening to secure EGFR-TK inhibitors chemotherapeutics. We identified four compounds that bind to the ATP-binding region of the EGFR-TK using AutoDock 4.0 and AutoDock Vina1.1.2 and post-docking investigations. The ligand showed hydrophobic interactions to the hydrophobic region of the binding site and engaged in hydrogen bonding with Met793. The ligands also explored π-cation interactions between the π-system of the ligand-phenyl ring and the positive amino group of Lys745. Molecular mechanics Poisson-Boltzmann surface area MM/PBSA per-residue energy decomposition analyses revealed that Val726, Leu792, Met793, Gly796, Cys797, Leu798, and Thr844 contributed the most to the binding energy. Biological evaluation of the retrieved hit compounds showed suppressing activity against EGFR auto phosphorylation and selective apoptosis-induced effects toward lung cancer cells harboring the EGFR L858R/T790M double mutation. Our work anticipated into novel and specific EGFR-TKIs and identified new compounds with therapeutic potential against lung cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Ligantes , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Mutação , Biologia Computacional , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética
3.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 159, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589859

RESUMO

Brain metastasis (BM) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, limited treatments are available due to the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Upregulation of lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase 1 (LPCAT1) in NSCLC has been found to promote BM. Conversely, downregulating LPCAT1 significantly suppresses the proliferation and metastasis of lung cancer cells. In this study, we firstly confirmed significant upregulation of LPCAT1 in BM sites compared to primary lung cancer by analyzing scRNA dataset. We then designed a delivery system based on a single-chain variable fragment (scFv) targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and exosomes derived from HEK293T cells to enhance cell-targeting capabilities and increase permeability. Next, we loaded LPCAT1 siRNA (siLPCAT1) into these engineered exosomes (exoscFv). This novel scFv-mounted exosome successfully crossed the BBB in an animal model and delivered siLPCAT1 to the BM site. Silencing LPCAT1 efficiently arrested tumor growth and inhibited malignant progression of BM in vivo without detectable toxicity. Overall, we provided a potential platform based on exosomes for RNA interference (RNAi) therapy in lung cancer BM.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Exossomos , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Animais , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia , Exossomos/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo
4.
Se Pu ; 42(4): 333-344, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566422

RESUMO

17ß-Estradiol (E2), an important endocrine hormone in the mammalian body, participates in the regulation of the physiological functions of the reproductive system, mammary glands, bone, and cardiovascular system, among others. Paradoxically, despite the physiological actions of endogenous E2 (0.2-1.0 nmol/L), numerous clinical and experimental studies have demonstrated that high-dose E2 treatment can cause tumor regression and exert pro-apoptotic actions in multiple cell types; however, the underlying mechanism remains undescribed. In particular, little information of the cellular processes responding to the lethality of E2 is available. In the present study, we attempted to characterize the cellular processes responding to high-dose (µmol/L) E2 treatment using quantitative phosphoproteomics to obtain a better understanding of the regulatory mechanism of E2-induced cell death. First, the cell phenotype induced by high-dose E2 was determined by performing Cell Counting Kit-8 assay (CCK8), cell cytotoxicity analysis by trypan blue staining, and microscopic imaging on HeLa cells treated with 1-10 µmol/L E2 or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) for 1-3 d. E2 inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell death in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Compared with the DMSO-treated HeLa cells, the cells treated with 5 µmol/L E2 for 2 d demonstrated >74% growth inhibition and approximately 50% cell death. Thus, these cells were used for quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis. Next, a solid-phase extraction (SPE)-based immobilized titanium ion affinity chromatography (Ti4+-IMAC) phosphopeptide-enrichment method coupled with data-independent acquisition (DIA)-based quantitative proteomics was employed for the in-depth screening of high-dose E2-regulated phosphorylation sites to investigate the intracellular processes responding to high-dose E2 treatment. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) identified over 10000 phosphorylation sites regulated by E2 and DMSO in HeLa cells. In comparison with the DMSO-treated cells, the cells treated with 5 µmol/L E2 showed 537 upregulated phosphorylation sites and 387 downregulated phosphorylation sites, with a threshold of p<0.01 and |log2(fold change)|≥1. A total of 924 phosphorylation sites on 599 proteins were significantly regulated by high-dose E2, and these sites were subjected to enrichment analysis. In addition, 453 differently regulated phosphorylation sites on 325 proteins were identified only in the E2- or DMSO-treated cell samples. These phosphorylation sites may be phosphorylated or dephosphorylated in response to high-dose E2 stimulation and were subjected to parallel enrichment analyses. Taken together, 1218 phosphorylation sites on 741 proteins were significantly regulated by high-dose E2 treatment. The functional phosphoproteins in these two groups were then analyzed using Gene Ontology (GO) and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) to determine the biological processes in which they participate and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway database. Consistent with the cell-phenotype data, cell cycle-related proteins were highly enriched in the two groups of E2-regulated phosphoproteins (p<0.05), indicating that high-dose E2 treatment can regulate cell proliferation. In addition, E2-regulated phosphoproteins were highly enriched in the cellular processes of ribosome biogenesis, nucleocytoplasmic transport, and messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) processing/splicing (p<0.05), indicating that the activation of these processes may contribute to high-dose E2-induced cell death. These results further confirm that high-dose E2 treatment inhibits protein translation and induces cell death. Furthermore, the significant upregulation of multiple phosphorylation sites associated with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) MAPK1, MAPK4, and MAPK14 by high-dose E2 indicates that the EGFR and MAPK signaling pathways are likely involved in the regulation of E2-induced cell death. These phosphorylation sites likely play vital roles in E2-induced cell death in HeLa cells. Overall, our phosphoproteomic data could be a valuable resource for uncovering the regulatory mechanisms of E2 in the micromolar range.


Assuntos
Dimetil Sulfóxido , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Humanos , Cromatografia Líquida , Células HeLa , Estradiol/farmacologia , Fosfoproteínas/química , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Mamíferos/metabolismo
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7908, 2024 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575675

RESUMO

Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) initiate cellular signaling pathways, which are regulated through a delicate balance of phosphorylation and dephosphorylation events. While many studies of RTKs have focused on downstream-activated kinases catalyzing the site-specific phosphorylation, few studies have focused on the phosphatases carrying out the dephosphorylation. In this study, we analyzed six protein phosphatase networks using chemical inhibitors in context of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling by mass spectrometry-based phosphoproteomics. Specifically, we focused on protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C), involved in attenuating p38-dependent signaling pathways in various cellular responses, and confirmed its effect in regulating p38 activity in EGFR signaling. Furthermore, utilizing a p38 inhibitor, we classified phosphosites whose phosphorylation status depends on PP2C inhibition into p38-dependent and p38-independent sites. This study provides a large-scale dataset of phosphatase-regulation of EGF-responsive phosphorylation sites, which serves as a useful resource to deepen our understanding of EGFR signaling.


Assuntos
Receptores ErbB , Transdução de Sinais , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Fosfoproteínas Fosfatases/metabolismo
6.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(3): 199, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604999

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted drugs (erlotinib, etc.) are used to treat multiple types of tumours. EGFR is highly expressed in most triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients. However, only a small proportion of TNBC patients benefit from EGFR-targeted drugs in clinical trials, and the resistance mechanism is unclear. Here, we found that PDZ domain containing 1 (PDZK1) is downregulated in erlotinib-resistant TNBC cells, suggesting that PDZK1 downregulation is related to erlotinib resistance in TNBC. PDZK1 binds to EGFR. Through this interaction, PDZK1 promotes EGFR degradation by enhancing the binding of EGFR to c-Cbl and inhibits EGFR phosphorylation by hindering EGFR dimerisation. We also found that PDZK1 is specifically downregulated in TNBC tissues and correlated with a poor prognosis in TNBC patients. In vitro and in vivo functional assays showed that PDZK1 suppressed TNBC development. Restoration of EGFR expression or kinase inhibitor treatment reversed the degree of cell malignancy induced by PDZK1 overexpression or knockdown, respectively. PDZK1 overexpression sensitised TNBC cells to erlotinib both in vitro and in vivo. In conclusion, PDZK1 is a significant prognostic factor for TNBC and a potential molecular therapeutic target for reversing erlotinib resistance in TNBC cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Cloridrato de Erlotinib/farmacologia , Cloridrato de Erlotinib/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas de Membrana/uso terapêutico
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8457, 2024 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605072

RESUMO

A new series of imidazothiazole derivatives bearing thiazolidinone moiety (4a-g and 5a-d) were designed, synthesized and evaluated for potential epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase inhibition, anticancer and anti-inflammatory activity, cardiomyopathy toxicity and hepatotoxicity. Compound 4c inhibited EGFR kinase at a concentration of 18.35 ± 1.25 µM, whereas standard drug erlotinib showed IC50 value of 06.12 ± 0.92 µM. The molecular docking, dynamics simulation and MM-GBSA binding energy calculations revealed strong interaction of compound 4c with binding site of EGFR. The synthesized compounds were evaluated for their anticancer activity by MTT assay against three human cancer cell lines A549 (Lung), MCF-7 (Breast), HCT116 (Colon), one normal human embryonic kidney cell line HEK293 and also for their EGFR kinase inhibitory activity. Few compounds of the series (4a, 4b, 4c) showed promising growth inhibition against all the tested cancer cell lines and against EGFR kinase. Among these, compound 4c was found to be most active and displayed IC50 value of 10.74 ± 0.40, 18.73 ± 0.88 against cancer cell lines A549 and MCF7 respectively whereas it showed an IC50 value of 96.38 ± 1.79 against HEK293 cell line indicating lesser cytotoxicity for healthy cell. Compounds 4a, 4b and 4c were also examined for their apoptosis inducing potential through AO/EB dual staining assay and it was observed that their antiproliferative activity against A549 cells is mediated via induction of apoptosis. Cardiomyopathy studies showed normal cardiomyocytes with no marked sign of pyknotic nucleus of compounds 4b and 4c. Hepatotoxicity studies of compounds 4b and 4c also showed normal architecture of hepatocytes. Compounds 4a-g and 5a-d were also evaluated for their in-vitro anti-inflammatory activity by protein albumin denaturation assay. Among the tested compounds 4a-d and 5a-b showed promising activity and were selected for in-vivo inflammatory activity against carrageenan rat paw edema test. Among these compounds, 4b was found to be most active in the series showing 84.94% inhibition, whereas the standard drug diclofenac sodium showed 84.57% inhibition. Compound 4b also showed low ulcerogenic potential and lipid peroxidation. Thus, compounds 4c and 4b could be a promising lead compounds for developing anticancer and anti-inflammatory agents with low toxicity and selectivity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Cardiomiopatias , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Células HEK293 , Antineoplásicos/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Proliferação de Células , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química
8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 275: 116278, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564860

RESUMO

Due to the rise in temperature and sea level caused by climate change, the detection rate of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in food crops has increased dramatically, and the frequency and severity of aflatoxicosis in humans and animals are also increasing. AFB1 has strong hepatotoxicity, causing severe liver damage and even cancer. However, the mechanism of AFB1 hepatotoxicity remains unclear. By integrating network toxicology, molecular docking and in vivo experiments, this research was designed to explore the potential hepatotoxicity mechanisms of AFB1. Thirty-three intersection targets for AFB1-induced liver damage were identified using online databases. PI3K/AKT1, MAPK, FOXO1 signaling pathways, and apoptosis were significantly enriched. In addition, the proteins of ALB, AKT1, PIK3CG, MAPK8, HSP90AA1, PPARA, MAPK1, EGFR, FOXO1, and IGF1 exhibited good affinity with AFB1. In vivo experiments, significant pathological changes occurred in the liver of mice. AFB1 induction increased the expression levels of EGFR, ERK, and FOXO1, and decreased the expression levsls of PI3K and AKT1. Moreover, AFB1 treatment caused an increase in Caspase3 expression, and a decrease in Bcl2/Bax ratio. By combining network toxicology with in vivo experiments, this study confirms for the first time that AFB1 promotes the FOXO1 signaling pathway by inactivating PI3K/AKT1 and activating EGFR/ERK signaling pathways, hence aggravating hepatocyte apoptosis. This research provides new strategies for studying the toxicity of environmental pollutants and new possible targets for the development of hepatoprotective drugs.


Assuntos
Aflatoxina B1 , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Aflatoxina B1/toxicidade , Fígado/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7654, 2024 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561419

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletion is a major driver for the drug resistance of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Identification small inhibitor capable of selectively inhibiting EGFR-19del NSCLC is a desirable strategy to overcome drug resistance in NSCLC. This study aims to screen an inhibitor for EGFR exon 19 deletion cells and explore its underlying mechanism. High through-put screen was conducted to identify an inhibitor for EGFR-19del NSCLC cells. And tenovin-3 was identified as a selective inhibitor of PC9 cells, an EGFR-19del NSCLC cells. Tenovin-3 showed particular inhibition effect on PC9 cells proliferation through inducing apoptosis and ferroptosis. Mechanistically, tenovin-3 might induce the apoptosis and ferroptosis of PC9 cells through mitochondrial pathway, as indicated by the change of VDAC1 and cytochrome c (cyt c). And bioinformatics analyses showed that the expression levels of SLC7A11 and CPX4 were correlated with NSCLC patient's survival. Our findings provide evidences for tenovin-3 to be developed into a novel candidate agent for NSCLC with EGFR exon 19 deletion. Our study also suggests that inducing ferroptosis may be a therapeutic strategy for NSCLC with EGFR exon 19 deletion.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Ferroptose , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Mutação
10.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2865, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570528

RESUMO

Targeting neovascularization in glioblastoma (GBM) is hampered by poor understanding of the underlying mechanisms and unclear linkages to tumour molecular landscapes. Here we report that different molecular subtypes of human glioma stem cells (GSC) trigger distinct endothelial responses involving either angiogenic or circumferential vascular growth (vasectasia). The latter process is selectively triggered by mesenchymal (but not proneural) GSCs and is mediated by a subset of extracellular vesicles (EVs) able to transfer EGFR/EGFRvIII transcript to endothelial cells. Inhibition of the expression and phosphorylation of EGFR in endothelial cells, either pharmacologically (Dacomitinib) or genetically (gene editing), abolishes their EV responses in vitro and disrupts vasectasia in vivo. Therapeutic inhibition of EGFR markedly extends anticancer effects of VEGF blockade in mice, coupled with abrogation of vasectasia and prolonged survival. Thus, vasectasia driven by intercellular transfer of oncogenic EGFR may represent a new therapeutic target in a subset of GBMs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Vesículas Extracelulares , Glioblastoma , Glioma , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Glioma/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo
11.
Curr Pharm Biotechnol ; 25(4): 499-509, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572608

RESUMO

Background: Salpingitis obstructive infertility (SOI) refers to infertility caused by abnormal conditions such as tubal adhesion and blockage caused by acute and chronic salpingitis. SOI has a serious impact on women's physical and mental health and family harmony, and it is a clinical problem that needs to be solved urgently.

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to explore the potential pharmacological mechanisms of the Yinjia tablets (Yin Jia Pian, YJP) on tubal inflammation.

Methods: Networks of YJP-associated targets and tubal inflammation-related genes were constructed through the STRING database. Potential targets and pathway enrichment analysis related to the therapeutic efficacy of YJP were identified using Cytoscape and Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery (metascape). E. coli was used to establish a rat model of tubal inflammation and to validate the predictions of network pharmacology and the therapeutic efficacy of YJP. H&E staining was used to observe the pathological changes in fallopian tubes. TEM observation of the ultrastructure of the fallopian tubes. ELISA was used to detect the changes of IL-6 and TNF-α in fallopian tubes. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of ESR1. The changes of Bcl-2, ERK1/2, p-ERK1/2, MEK, p-MEK, EGFR, and p-EGFR were detected by western blot.

Results: Through database analysis, it was found that YJP shared 105 identical targets with the disease. Network pharmacology analysis showed that IL-6, TNF, and EGFR belong to the top 5 core proteins associated with salpingitis, and EGFR/MEK/ERK may be the main pathway involved. The E. coli-induced disease rat model of fallopian tube tissue showed damage, mitochondrial disruption, and increased levels of the inflammatory factors IL-6 and TNF-α. Tubal inflammatory infertility rats have increased expression of Bcl-2, p-ERK1/2, p-MEK, and p-EGFR, and decreased expression of ESR1. In vivo, experiments showed that YJP improved damage of tissue, inhibited shedding of tubal cilia, and suppressed the inflammatory response of the body. Furthermore, YJP inhibited EGFR/MEK/ERK signaling, inhibited the apoptotic protein Bcl-2, and upregulated ESR1.

Conclusion: This study revealed that YJP Reducing tubal inflammation and promoting tissue repair may be associated with inhibition of the EGFR/MEK/ERK signaling pathway.

.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Infertilidade , Salpingite , Humanos , Feminino , Ratos , Animais , Salpingite/complicações , Salpingite/metabolismo , Salpingite/patologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Farmacologia em Rede , Infertilidade/complicações , Transdução de Sinais , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
12.
Life Sci ; 345: 122593, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554946

RESUMO

Targeted therapy and imaging are the most popular techniques for the intervention and diagnosis of cancer. A potential therapeutic target for the treatment of cancer is the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), primarily for glioblastoma, lung, and breast cancer. Over-production of ligand, transcriptional up-regulation due to autocrine/paracrine signalling, or point mutations at the genomic locus may contribute to the malfunction of EGFR in malignancies. This exploit makes use of EGFR, an established biomarker for cancer diagnostics and treatment. Despite considerable development in the last several decades in making EGFR inhibitors, they are still not free from limitations like toxicity and a short serum half-life. Nanobodies and antibodies share similar binding properties, but nanobodies have the additional advantage that they can bind to antigenic epitopes deep inside the target that conventional antibodies are unable to access. For targeted therapy, anti-EGFR nanobodies can be conjugated to various molecules such as drugs, peptides, toxins and photosensitizers. These nanobodies can be designed as novel immunoconjugates using the universal modular antibody-based platform technology (UniCAR). Furthermore, Anti-EGFR nanobodies can be expressed in neural stem cells and visualised by effective fluorescent and radioisotope labelling.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Anticorpos de Domínio Único , Humanos , Anticorpos de Domínio Único/genética , Medicina de Precisão , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Anticorpos
13.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; 38(4): e23690, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493304

RESUMO

The cytotoxic activity, EGFR/VEGFR2 target inhibition, apoptotic activity, RT-PCR gene expression, in vivo employing a solid-Ehrlich carcinoma model, and in silico investigations for highlighting the binding affinity of eight quinoxaline derivatives were tested for anticancer activities. The results showed that compound 8 (N-allyl quinoxaline) had potent cytotoxicity against A594 and MCF-7 cancer cells with IC50 values of 0.86 and 1.06 µM, respectively, with noncytotoxic activity against WISH and MCF-10A cells having IC50 values more than 100 µM. Furthermore, it strongly induced apoptotic cell death in A549 and MCF-7 cells by 43.13% and 34.07%, respectively, stopping the cell cycle at S and G1-phases. For the molecular target, the results showed that compound 8 had a promising EGFR inhibition activity with an IC50 value of 0.088 µM compared to Sorafenib (IC50 = 0.056 µM), and it had a promising VEGFR2 inhibition activity with an IC50 value of 0.108 µM compared to Sorafenib (IC50 = 0.049 µM). Treatment with compound 8 ameliorated biochemical and histochemical parameters near normal in the in vivo investigation, with a tumor inhibition ratio of 68.19% compared to 64.8% for 5-FU treatment. Finally, the molecular docking study demonstrated the binding affinity through binding energy and interactive binding mode inside the EGFR/VEGFR2 proteins. Potent EGFR and VEGFR2 inhibition of compound 8 suggests its potential for development as a selective anticancer drug.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Quinoxalinas , Humanos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Quinoxalinas/farmacologia , Apoptose , Antineoplásicos/química , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Estrutura Molecular , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia
14.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(3): 225, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499532

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the major cause of death worldwide. Activation of oncogenes or inhibition of tumor suppressors causes cancer formation. Previous studies have indicated that PTEN, as a tumor suppressor, inhibits cancer formation. In this study, we studied the role of PTEN in EGFRL858R-induced lung cancer in vivo. Interestingly, loss of PTEN increased bronchial cell hyperplasia but decreased alveolar cell hyperplasia in EGFRL858R*PTEN-/--induced lung cancer. Systematic analysis of gene expression by RNA-seq showed that several genes related to ciliogenesis were upregulated in EGFRL858R*PTEN-/--induced lung cancer and subsequently showed that bronchial ciliated cells were hyperplastic. Several critical ciliogenesis-related genes, such as Mucin5A, DNAI2, and DNAI3, were found to be regulated by NR2F1. Next, NR2F1 was found to be inhibited by overexpression of PTEN, indicating that PTEN negatively regulates NR2F1, thereby inhibiting the expression of ciliogenesis-related genes and leading to the inhibition of bronchial cell hyperplasia during EGFRL858R-induced lung cancer progression. In addition, we also found that PTEN decreased AKT phosphorylation in A549, KRAS mutant, and H1299 cells but increased AKT phosphorylation in PC9, EGFRL858R, and H1299L858R cells, suggesting that PTEN may function as a tumor suppressor and an oncogene in lung cancers with KRAS mutation and EGFR mutation, respectively. PTEN acts as a double-edged sword that differentially regulates EGFRL858R-induced lung cancer progression in different genomic backgrounds. Understanding the PTEN in lung cancer with different genetic backgrounds will be beneficial for therapy in the future.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Hiperplasia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Mutação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fator I de Transcrição COUP/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo
15.
Talanta ; 272: 125827, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432124

RESUMO

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a very aggressive form of breast cancer, and the analgesic drug morphine has been shown to promote the proliferation of TNBC cells. This article investigates whether morphine causes activation of epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR), the roles of µ-opioid and EGFR receptors on TNBC cell proliferation and migration. While examining the changes with molecular techniques, we also aimed to investigate the analysis ability of Raman spectroscopy and machine learning-based approach. Effects of morphine on the proliferation and migration of MDA.MB.231 cells were evaluated by MTT and scratch wound-healing tests, respectively. Morphine-induced phosphorylation of the EGFR was analyzed by western blotting in the presence and absence of µ-receptor antagonist naltrexone and the EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib. Morphine-induced EGFR phosphorylation and cell migration were significantly inhibited by pretreatments with both naltrexone and gefitinib; however, morphine-increased cell proliferation was inhibited only by naltrexone. While morphine-induced changes were observed in the Raman scatterings of the cells, the inhibitory effect of naltrexone was analyzed with similarity to the control group. Principal component analysis (PCA) of the Raman confirmed the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like effect of morphine and was inhibited by naltrexone and partly by gefitinib pretreatments. Our in vitro results suggest that combining morphine with an EGFR inhibitor or a peripherally acting opioidergic receptor antagonist may be a good strategy for pain relief without triggering cancer proliferation and migration in TNBC patients. In addition, our results demonstrated the feasibility of the Raman spectroscopy and machine learning-based approach as an effective method to investigate the effects of agents in cancer cells without the need for complex and time-consuming sample preparation. The support vector machine (SVM) with linear kernel automatically classified the effects of drugs on cancer cells with ∼95% accuracy.


Assuntos
Receptores ErbB , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Gefitinibe/farmacologia , Morfina/farmacologia , Análise Espectral Raman , Naltrexona/farmacologia , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células , Família de Proteínas EGF/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/farmacologia
16.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2130, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503739

RESUMO

The Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) is frequently found to be mutated in non-small cell lung cancer. Oncogenic EGFR has been successfully targeted by tyrosine kinase inhibitors, but acquired drug resistance eventually overcomes the efficacy of these treatments. Attempts to surmount this therapeutic challenge are hindered by a poor understanding of how and why cancer mutations specifically amplify ligand-independent EGFR auto-phosphorylation signals to enhance cell survival and how this amplification is related to ligand-dependent cell proliferation. Here we show that drug-resistant EGFR mutations manipulate the assembly of ligand-free, kinase-active oligomers to promote and stabilize the assembly of oligomer-obligate active dimer sub-units and circumvent the need for ligand binding. We reveal the structure and assembly mechanisms of these ligand-free, kinase-active oligomers, uncovering oncogenic functions for hitherto orphan transmembrane and kinase interfaces, and for the ectodomain tethered conformation of EGFR. Importantly, we find that the active dimer sub-units within ligand-free oligomers are the high affinity binding sites competent to bind physiological ligand concentrations and thus drive tumor growth, revealing a link with tumor proliferation. Our findings provide a framework for future drug discovery directed at tackling oncogenic EGFR mutations by disabling oligomer-assembling interactions.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Ligantes , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Mutação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética
17.
Exp Dermatol ; 33(3): e15046, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509711

RESUMO

Desmoplakin (DSP) is a desmosomal component expressed in skin and heart, essential for desmosome stability and intermediate filament connection. Pathogenic variants in the DSP gene encoding DSP, lead to heterogeneous skin, adnexa and heart-related phenotypes, including skin fragility, woolly hair (WH), palmoplantar keratoderma (PPK) and arrhythmogenic/dilated cardiomyopathy (ACM/DCM). The ambiguity of computer-based prediction analysis of pathogenicity and effect of DSP variants, indicates a necessity for functional analysis. Here, we report a heterozygous DSP variant that was not previously described, NM_004415.4:c.3337C>T (NM_004415.4(NP_004406.2):p.(Arg1113*)) in a patient with PPK, WH and ACM. RNA and protein analysis revealed ~50% reduction of DSP mRNA and protein expression. Patient's keratinocytes showed fragile cell-cell connections and perinuclear retracted intermediate filaments. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a transmembrane protein expressed in the basal epidermal layer involved in proliferation and differentiation, processes that are disrupted in the development of PPK, and in the regulation of the desmosome. In skin of the abovementioned patient, evident EGFR upregulation was observed. EGFR inhibition in patient's keratinocytes strongly increased DSP expression at the plasma membrane, improved intermediate filament connection with the membrane edges and reduced the cell-cell fragility. This cell phenotypic recovery was due to a translocation of DSP to the plasma membrane together with an increased number of desmosomes. These results indicate a therapeutic potential of EGFR inhibitors for disorders caused by DSP haploinsufficiency.


Assuntos
Desmoplaquinas , Receptores ErbB , Doenças do Cabelo , Ceratodermia Palmar e Plantar , Humanos , Desmoplaquinas/genética , Desmoplaquinas/metabolismo , Epiderme/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Doenças do Cabelo/genética , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Ceratodermia Palmar e Plantar/genética , Fenótipo , Pele/metabolismo
18.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2742, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548752

RESUMO

The epidermal growth factor receptor, EGFR, is frequently activated in lung cancer and glioblastoma by genomic alterations including missense mutations. The different mutation spectra in these diseases are reflected in divergent responses to EGFR inhibition: significant patient benefit in lung cancer, but limited in glioblastoma. Here, we report a comprehensive mutational analysis of EGFR function. We perform saturation mutagenesis of EGFR and assess function of ~22,500 variants in a human EGFR-dependent lung cancer cell line. This approach reveals enrichment of erlotinib-insensitive variants of known and unknown significance in the dimerization, transmembrane, and kinase domains. Multiple EGFR extracellular domain variants, not associated with approved targeted therapies, are sensitive to afatinib and dacomitinib in vitro. Two glioblastoma patients with somatic EGFR G598V dimerization domain mutations show responses to dacomitinib treatment followed by within-pathway resistance mutation in one case. In summary, this comprehensive screen expands the landscape of functional EGFR variants and suggests broader clinical investigation of EGFR inhibition for cancers harboring extracellular domain mutations.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mutação
19.
Head Neck ; 46(5): 1126-1135, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38429897

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To find a new strategy to treat cisplatin-resistant head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), we investigated the effects of EGFR inhibitors on the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway and determined the efficacy of EGFR inhibitors in combination with PI3K inhibitors to suppress cell proliferation in cisplatin-resistant-HNSCC. METHODS: The cisplatin-resistant HNSCC cell lines were treated with four FDA approved EGFR inhibitors, which included Gefitinb or Erlotinib alone, or in combination with the pan-PI3K inhibitor, BKM120. Phosphorylation and total protein levels of cells were assessed by Western blot analysis. Cell proliferation was examined by MTS assay. Apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Cisplatin-resistant HNSCC cells were also resistant to EGFR inhibitors. However, a combination of EGFR inhibitors with PI3K inhibitor BKM120 dramatically improved the efficacy of EGFR inhibitors to inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis. Furthermore, treatment with EGFR inhibitors differentially affected the phosphorylation of Akt and mTOR, which included partial inhibition, no inhibition, and induction. A combination of EGFR inhibitors and BKM120 completely blocked phosphorylation of EGFR, Akt, and S6K (an mTOR target). CONCLUSION: Our data provided a rationale for EGFR inhibitors in combination with PI3K inhibitors to treat cisplatin-resistant HNSCC.


Assuntos
Aminopiridinas , Cisplatino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Morfolinas , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Inibidores de Fosfoinositídeo-3 Quinase/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
20.
Exp Cell Res ; 437(1): 113997, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508328

RESUMO

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is characterized by shortened secondary septa and fewer, larger alveoli. Elastin deposition to the distal tips of the secondary septa is critical for elongation of the secondary septa. Alveolar myofibroblasts, which are thought to migrate to the septal tips during alveolarization, are mainly responsible for elastin production and deposition. Antenatal exposure to inflammation induces abnormal elastin deposition, thereby increasing the risk of developing BPD. Here, we found that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) significantly increased the expression of transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α) in an LPS-induced rat model of BPD and in LPS-treated human pulmonary epithelial cells (BEAS-2B). In addition, in vitro experiments suggested that LPS upregulated TGF-α expression via toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/tumor necrosis factor α-converting enzyme (TACE) signaling. Increased TGF-α levels via its receptor epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-induced lysyl oxidase (LOX) overactivation and cell division cycle 42 (Cdc42) activity inhibition of myofibroblasts. Similarly, in vivo LOX overactivation and inhibition of Cdc42 activity were observed in the lungs of LPS-exposed pups. LOX overactivation led to abnormal elastin deposition, and inhibition of Cdc42 activity disturbed the directional migration of myofibroblasts and disrupted elastin localization. Most importantly, the EGFR inhibitor erlotinib partially rescued LOX overactivation and Cdc42 activity inhibition, and improved elastin deposition and alveolar development in antenatal LPS-treated rats. Taken together, our data suggest that TGF-α/EGFR signaling is critically involved in the regulation of elastin deposition and represents a novel therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Displasia Broncopulmonar , Lipopolissacarídeos , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Ratos , Displasia Broncopulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Displasia Broncopulmonar/metabolismo , Elastina , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador alfa
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...