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1.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 306, 2021 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: First branchial cleft anomaly (FBCA) is a rare congenital defect that arises due to incomplete closure of the ventral portion of the first and second branchial arches. There are variable complex clinical manifestations for patients with FBCA, which are prone to misdiagnosis and inadequate treatment. FBCAs usually involve the facial nerve with a consequent increased risk of facial nerve damage. Here, we present an unusual case of FBCA presenting with two preauricular pits in association with an abnormal maxillofacial cyst. CASE PRESENTATION: A 10-month-old girl presented to our department due to recurrent maxillofacial infections accompanied by swelling or abscess of the left cheek and purulent discharge from the preauricular pit for 4 months. A 3D-computed tomography (CT) fistulogram and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed two conjunctive tract lesions: one tract arose from the skin surface anteroinferior to the external auditory canal (EAC), through the deep lobe of the left parotid, and anteriorly extended to the left masseter; the other extended from the superficial lobe of the left parotid to the intertragic notch. After the maxillofacial infection was controlled by intravenous antibiotic administration, surgery was performed. Intraoperative tools, such as facial nerve monitors, microscopes, and methylene blue dyes, were used to facilitate the complete dissection and protection of the facial nerve. On follow-up over one year, the patient recovered well without facial palsy or recurrence. CONCLUSION: FBCA with maxillofacial cysts is rare and prone to misdiagnosis. Physicians should pay attention to this anatomic variant of FBCA with the fistula track located deep inside the facial nerve and projected medially to the masseter.


Assuntos
Região Branquial , Fístula , Meato Acústico Externo , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
2.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 333, 2021 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217375

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adrenal incidentalomas are often found during investigation for another tumor or unrelated problems. Except for adrenal myelolipoma (second most common primary adrenal incidentaloma following adrenocortical adenomas), adrenal lipomatous tumors are uncommon generally and are often described as case reports in the literature. Since the amount of fat is variable, without the help of advanced imaging techniques, some adrenal lipomatous tumors may be misdiagnosed before pathologic examination. Herein, we report a case of adrenal adenoma with myelolipomatous metaplasia that was excised as a periceliac mass in the setting of recurrent pancreatic cyst. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old Iranian woman with hypertension and end-stage renal disease presented with recurrence of a pancreatic cyst (previous pathologic report was mucinous cyst adenoma). During exploratory laparotomy, the mentioned pancreatic cyst was tightly attached to the stomach and jejunum. There was also a periceliac round rubbery lesion (firstly diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound) that was excised for ruling out malignancy. Histologic examination of the periceliac mass was found to be adrenocortical adenoma with foci of myelolipomatous metaplasia. The pancreatic cyst histology was just a pseudocyst. CONCLUSION: Our case highlights the significance of complete evaluation of incidental findings before surgical intervention, even in the setting of another primary tumor. Myelolipoma and myelolipomatous change (metaplasia) are two different entities. Although very similar as to pathogenesis, there are still some differences.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais , Adenoma Adrenocortical , Mielolipoma , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Metaplasia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(25): 1985-1990, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225420

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and tolerability of Polatuzumab vedotin+rituximab±bendamustine (Pola-(B)R) in relapse/refractory diffuse large B cell lymphoma (R/R DLBCL) patients. Methods: The clinical data of 21 patients enrolled in Chinese Pola compassionate use program (CUP) in 4 centers from November 2019 to August 2020 were collected. There were 15 males and 6 females, and the median age was 56 years (ranged 25-76 years). Of the patients, 10 cases received Pola-BR regimen and the other 11 received Pola-R. Their clinical features, regimens, efficacy, and adverse events (AEs) were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Twenty-one patients with at least one efficacy evaluation were included. At data analysis cut-off point (12 Aug. 2020), the best overall response (BOR) rate was 81.0% (17/21) and the complete response (CR) rate was 19.0% (4/21). Kaplan-Meier survival estimation was performed, at a median follow-up of 54 days, three patients (14.3%) had disease progressed, and 18 patients (85.7%) were censored; the median progression-free survival (mPFS) was estimated to be 148 days. The incidence of adverse effects (AEs) of any grade was higher in Pola-BR group than Pola-R group (80.0% vs 63.6%). However, the incidence of grade 3-4 AEs were close in the two groups (30.0% vs 29.3%). The most common hematological toxicities were thrombocytopenia (28.6%, 6/21), neutropenia (28.6%, 6/21) and anemia (14.3%, 3/21), respectively. One patient with pneumonia and 1 patient with hemophagocytic syndrome recovered after symptomatic treatment. No peripheral neuropathy of grade≥2 was observed. Conclusions: The preliminary data suggested that, for heavily treated Chinese R/R DLBCL, the Pola-(B)R regimen still achieves promising efficacy and tolerable safety.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoconjugados , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(25): 1991-1993, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225421

RESUMO

The clinical data of 22 patients with giant renal hamartoma in Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery from October 2014 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients successfully completed the operation. The operation time and renal artery occlusion time was (179±34) min and (19.8±2.5) min, respectively. The intraoperative blood loss was (117±62) ml, and the postoperative hospital stay was (9.0±1.5) d. All cases were confirmed as renal angiomyolipoma by postoperative pathology. No urine leakage, postoperative bleeding and other complications occurred. Postoperative telephone follow-up was performed for 6 to 52 months, and no tumor recurrence on the surgical side was reported.


Assuntos
Angiomiolipoma , Hamartoma , Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Robótica , Angiomiolipoma/cirurgia , Hamartoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Nefrectomia , Néfrons , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(6)2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is one of the most common neoplasms affecting the oral cavity and the face. Its more differentiated forms may be associated with human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. CASE REPORT: In this paper, we report the case of an 86-year-old patient with a well-differentiated SCC of the lower lip associated with HPV treated with surgery with a non-complete histological resolution. Imiquimod 5% cream was applied on the surgical scar once a day for two weeks and then once a week. Two years after SCC removal, no relapse has occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Topical imiquimod may be a safe and effective treatment after surgery in SCC of the oral area to reduce the risk of relapses.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Imiquimode , Lábio , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
6.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(6)2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34206116

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/X-ray computed tomography (PET/CT) represents the mainstay diagnostic procedure for suspected ovarian cancer (OC) recurrence. PET/CT can be integrated with contrast medium and in various diagnostic settings; however, the effective benefit of this procedure is still debated. We aimed to compare the diagnostic capabilities of low-dose and contrast-enhanced PET/CT (PET/ldCT and PET/ceCT) in patients with suspected ovarian cancer relapse. Materials and Methods: 122 OC patients underwent both PET/ldCT and PET/ceCT. Two groups of nuclear medicine physicians and radiologists scored the findings as positive or negative. Clinical/radiological follow-up was used as ground truth. Sensitivity, specificity, negative/positive predictive value, and accuracy were calculated at the patient and the lesion level. Results: A total of 455 and 474 lesions were identified at PET/ldCT and PET/ceCT, respectively. At the lesion level, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy were not significantly different between PET/ldCT and PET/ceCT (98%, 93.3%, 97.4%, 94.9%, and 96.9% for PET/ldCT; 99%, 95.5%, 98.3%, 97%, and 98% for PET/ceCT, p = ns). At the patient level, no significant differences in these parameters were identified (e.g., p = 0.22 and p = 0.35 for accuracy, in the peritoneum and lymph nodes, respectively). Smaller peritoneal/lymph node lesions close to physiological FDG uptake sources were found in the cases of misidentification by PET/ldCT. PET/ceCT prompted a change in clinical management in four cases (3.2%) compared to PET/ldCT. Conclusions: PET/ceCT does not perform better than PET/ldCT but can occasionally clarify doubtful peritoneal findings on PET/ldCT. To avoid unnecessary dose to the patient, PET/ceCT should be excluded in selected cases.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
7.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(7): 696-701, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266526

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features, treatment, and prognosis of neonates with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS), and to provide a reference for optimizing the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical and follow-up data of 16 neonates with KMS who were admitted to the Anhui Children's Hospital, Anhui Medical University, from January 2016 to December 2020. RESULTS: Of the 16 neonates, there were 13 boys (81%) and 3 girls (19%), with an age of 1 hour to 10 days on admission. Among these neonates, 13 (81%) had cutaneous hemangioma (2 in the head and face, 5 in the trunk, and 6 in the extremities) and 3 (19%) had liver hemangioma. The main clinical manifestations of bleeding tendency and scattered petechiae and ecchymosis were observed in 10 neonates (62%). All the 16 neonates had varying degrees of thrombocytopenia and coagulation disorders. They all received glucocorticoid treatment after admission and 7 (44%) of them had response, among whom 4 experienced recurrence. Among the neonates with no response to glucocorticoid treatment, 3 received sirolimus treatment, among whom 1 had the tumor volume reduced by 58.8% after 4 weeks of treatment, with platelet count and coagulation function returning to normal, while 2 had no significant reduction in tumor volume or significant increase in platelet count and achieved a tumor volume reduced by (43.7±0.4)% after 4 weeks of combined treatment with bleomycin arterial embolization, with platelet count and coagulation function returning to normal. After 4 weeks of bleomycin arterial embolization alone for 4 neonates, tumor volume was reduced by (52.0±3.4)%, and platelet count and coagulation function returned to normal. Blunt and sharp dissection was performed for 2 neonates. The tumor was removed completely during surgery in the 2 neonates, with no infection or recurrence after surgery, and platelet count and coagulation function returned to normal. The postoperative pathological examination showed Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma in 1 out of the 2 neonates. CONCLUSIONS: KMS has characteristic clinical manifestations, histopathological features, and laboratory examination results. The KMS neonates who are not sensitive to glucocorticoids can achieve a good curative effect through arterial embolization and sirolimus treatment.


Assuntos
Hemangioendotelioma , Síndrome de Kasabach-Merritt , Sarcoma de Kaposi , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Síndrome de Kasabach-Merritt/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Kasabach-Merritt/terapia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 273, 2021 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217200

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Haemolymphangioma arising from the small bowel and its mesentery is extremely rare in the clinical setting. To date, only 8 cases of small bowel haemolymphangioma have been reported, and there have been no previously reported cases of haemolymphangioma in the small bowel mesentery (PubMed). The formation of this tumour is mostly congenital, but the exact mechanism is still unclear. As a benign tumour, the presentation of the disease may vary from a simple well-defined cystic lesion to an aggressive ill-defined lesion mimicking malignancy. However, there are no typical symptoms, and preoperative diagnosis is difficult. CASE PRESENTATION: We present two cases of haemolymphangioma in the small bowel mesentery in a 54-year-old man and a 52-year-old woman. Both of them came to the hospital due to an abdominal mass. In the first case, a cystic teratoma in the left abdominal area was considered after abdominal plain computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. After taking an enhanced CT scan, a lipoma was considered based on the images. In the second case, cystic masses of the left upper and middle abdomen were observed on abdominal ultrasonography. An abdominal plain CT scan showed an irregular low-density mass in the left upper and middle abdomen. With an enhanced CT scan, haemolymphangioma was considered based on the images. After complete surgical removal, the masses were found to originate from the small bowel mesentery and had not invaded into the peripheral lymphatic tissue. In case 1 in this study, the routine pathology diagnosis was lymphangioma, while in case 2, the diagnosis was haemangioma. The final diagnosis was confirmed to be haemolymphangioma by immunohistochemistry in both cases. No recurrence was evident during 4 months of follow-up. We review the previous case reports of haemolymphangioma in the abdominal cavity and discuss their clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical manifestations of abdominal haemolymphangiomas can vary for both location and size. Abdominal CT examination has important clinical value for haemolymphangioma in the abdominal cavity. The final diagnosis of haemolymphangioma depends on a postoperative pathological examination. In addition, postoperative regular follow-up is necessary.


Assuntos
Hemangioma , Linfangioma , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mesentério , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
9.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(7)2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226256

RESUMO

We document a case of a 24-year-old gravida 2, para 1 (1001), on her second trimester, who was referred to the surgical oncology service for a palpable right hemiabdominal mass. She previously underwent wide excision of a retroperitoneal atypical lipomatous tumour 2 years ago. Her current case was successfully managed by a multidisciplinary team of doctors from the preoperative phase, the actual surgery up to the adjuvant treatment. She had a two-staged surgery: an elective lower-segment caesarean section at 34 weeks age of gestation for which she delivered a healthy baby girl and, 2 weeks after, she had excision of the huge retroperitoneal tumour recurrence. Histopathology revealed a 35 cm×25 cm×22 cm dedifferentiated liposarcoma, for which she was started on adjuvant systemic chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Lipossarcoma , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais , Adulto , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Lipossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Lipossarcoma/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Gravidez , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
10.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(7)2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230042

RESUMO

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an autoimmune disease frequently associated with ovarian teratomas. In cases where an ovarian teratoma is identified, treatment involves prompt removal of the ovarian teratoma, resulting in significant clinical improvement and decreased incidence of relapse. We present the case of a 14-year-old female patient admitted for progressively worsening psychiatric and neurological status, diagnosed with anti-NMDAR encephalitis, and negative initial imaging for ovarian pathology. She was in the hospital for 8 months requiring admission to the intensive care unit and multiple courses of immunotherapy before clinical improvement. Three months after discharge, she was readmitted with clinical relapse and repeat imaging showed an ovarian teratoma. Removal of the teratoma resulted in sustained clinical improvement with return to baseline and no further relapse. Our case report highlights the importance of maintaining a high suspicion for an underlying ovarian teratoma in a female patient with anti-NMDAR encephalitis, even when initial imaging is negative. Currently, there are limited data on recommendations for repeat imaging. Therefore, we recommend repeat imaging in patients resistant to multiple lines of treatment or presenting with clinical relapse.


Assuntos
Encefalite Antirreceptor de N-Metil-D-Aspartato , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Teratoma , Adolescente , Encefalite Antirreceptor de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/complicações , Encefalite Antirreceptor de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/diagnóstico , Encefalite Antirreceptor de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/complicações , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato , Teratoma/complicações , Teratoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Teratoma/cirurgia
11.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(7)2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233867

RESUMO

A 43-year-old man with a history of double sleeve right upper lobectomy for pulmonary sarcoma, presented with worsening haemoptysis. Bronchoscopic and positron emission tomography (PET)CT appearances were suspicious for disease recurrence; however, on attending for CT-guided biopsy, he was found to have a large pseudoaneurysm of his right pulmonary artery. The patient underwent placement of endovascular covered stent with fluoroscopic confirmation of pseudoaneurysm occlusion, and was discharged home on lifelong antiplatelet therapy. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm following double (bronchovascular) sleeve resection of the lung, successfully treated by endovascular stenting.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma , Adulto , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Humanos , Pulmão , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Pneumonectomia , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia
12.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4230, 2021 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244494

RESUMO

Extracellular matrix protein-1 (ECM1) promotes tumorigenesis in multiple organs but the mechanisms associated to ECM1 isoform subtypes have yet to be clarified. We report in this study that the secretory ECM1a isoform induces tumorigenesis through the GPR motif binding to integrin αXß2 and the activation of AKT/FAK/Rho/cytoskeleton signaling. The ATP binding cassette subfamily G member 1 (ABCG1) transduces the ECM1a-integrin αXß2 interactive signaling to facilitate the phosphorylation of AKT/FAK/Rho/cytoskeletal molecules and to confer cancer cell cisplatin resistance through up-regulation of the CD326-mediated cell stemness. On the contrary, the non-secretory ECM1b isoform binds myosin and blocks its phosphorylation, impairing cytoskeleton-mediated signaling and tumorigenesis. Moreover, ECM1a induces the expression of the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein L like (hnRNPLL) protein to favor the alternative mRNA splicing generating ECM1a. ECM1a, αXß2, ABCG1 and hnRNPLL higher expression associates with poor survival, while ECM1b higher expression associates with good survival. These results highlight ECM1a, integrin αXß2, hnRNPLL and ABCG1 as potential targets for treating cancers associated with ECM1-activated signaling.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Animais , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/mortalidade , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/patologia , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/terapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/genética , Humanos , Integrina alfaXbeta2/genética , Integrina alfaXbeta2/metabolismo , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Ovário/patologia , Ovário/cirurgia , Fosforilação/genética , Prognóstico , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , RNA-Seq , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
13.
BMC Womens Health ; 21(1): 268, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229690

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The majority of postmenopausal breast cancer (PMBC) survivors do not adhere to lifestyle recommendations and have excess body weight. In this group, this is associated with poorer health-related quality of life and an increased risk of type II diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, second primary cancers, cancer recurrences, and mortality. Gaining and maintaining a healthy lifestyle and body composition is therefore important. It is unknown when and how sustained adherence to these recommendations can be promoted optimally in PMBC survivors. Therefore, the OPTIMUM study aims to identify the optimal timing and method for promoting sustained adherence to lifestyle and body weight recommendations in PMBC survivors. METHODS: The OPTIMUM-study has a mixed-methods design. To assess optimal timing, a longitudinal observational study will be conducted among approximately 1000 PMBC survivors. The primary outcomes are adherence to lifestyle and body weight recommendations, readiness for change, and need for support. Questionnaires will be administered at 4-6 months after cancer diagnosis (wave 1: during treatment and retrospectively before diagnosis), 1 year after diagnosis (wave 2: after completion of initial treatment), and 1.5 years after diagnosis (wave 3: during follow-up). Wave 2 and 3 include blood sampling, and either wearing an accelerometer for 7 days or completing a 3-day online food diary (randomly assigned at hospital level). To assess the optimal method, behavioural determinants of the primary outcomes will be matched with Behavior Change Techniques using the Behaviour Change Technique Taxonomy. Qualitative research methods will be used to explore perceptions, needs and preferences of PMBC survivors (semi-structured interviews, focus groups) and health care providers (Delphi study). Topics include perceptions on optimal timing to promote adherence; facilitators and motivators of, and barriers towards (sustained) adherence to recommendations; and acceptability of the selected methods. DISCUSSION: The OPTIMUM study aims to gain scientific knowledge on when and how to promote sustained adherence to lifestyle and body weight recommendations among PBMC survivors. This knowledge can be incorporated into guidelines for tailored promotion in clinical practice to improve health outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Peso Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Estilo de Vida , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Pós-Menopausa , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sobreviventes
14.
BMC Womens Health ; 21(1): 269, 2021 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An adenomyoma is a well circumscribed form of adenomyosis and can be located within the myometrium, in the endometrium as a polyp, or extrauterine with the last being the rarest presentation amongst the three. With the ongoing advancement in gynecological surgery, the use of electromechanical morcellators have made the removal of large and dense specimens possible with minimally invasive techniques. However, it has also caused an increase in complications which were previously rare. Whilst the tissue is being grinded within the abdominal cavity, residual tissue can spread and remain inside, allowing for implantation to occur and thereby giving rise to recurrence of uterine tissue as a new late postoperative complication. Case presentation A 45-year-old woman presented with worsening constipation and right iliac fossa pain. Her past surgical history consists of laparoscopic supra-cervical hysterectomy that was indicated due to uterine fibroids. Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging were done, which showed an irregular lobulated heterogeneous mass seen in the presacral space to the right, located on the right lateral aspect of the recto-sigmoid, measuring 4.5 × 4.3 × 4.3 cm in size. A transvaginal ultrasound revealed a cyst in the left ovary. The patient had a treatment course over several months that included Dienogest (progestin) and Goserelin (GnRH analogue) with add-back therapy. In line with the declining response to medications, the patient was advised for a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy. During the surgery, an additional lesion was found as a suspected fibroid and the left ovarian cyst was identified as pockets of peritoneal fluid which was sent for cytology. The surgical pathology report confirmed adenomyosis in both specimens, namely the right mass and the initially suspected fibroid. CONCLUSION: In this case report, we showcase a rare occurrence of an extrauterine adenomyoma presenting two years post laparoscopic morcellation at hysterectomy. This poses questions regarding the benefits versus risks of power morcellation in laparoscopic hysterectomy.


Assuntos
Adenomioma , Laparoscopia , Morcelação , Adenomioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morcelação/efeitos adversos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
15.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 280, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (MTX-LPD) is a rare but critical complication that develops in patients treated with MTX. Although MTX-LPD has been recently reported, the incidence of follicular lymphoma in the intestine is very low. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old woman who had been receiving MTX for over 10 years visited our hospital complaining of postprandial abdominal pain and nausea. Upper and lower digestive tract endoscopies did not show any abnormal findings. A patency capsule was stagnated at the proximal part of the ileum with a mild dilation on the oral side. An oral balloon endoscopy revealed shallow ulcerative lesions in the jejunum. She was diagnosed with MTX-LPD based on histopathological findings. The symptoms did not improve with the discontinuation of MTX, and the patient required partial resection of the small intestine. The test result for Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNA was negative. She was diagnosed with follicular lymphoma based on the histology findings of a surgical specimen. Postoperative positron emission tomography-computed tomography and bone marrow aspiration did not show any findings of lymphoma. On follow-up, no recurrence was noted four years after the surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Herein, we report the first case of follicular lymphoma that occurred in the small intestine, negative for Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNA. If intestinal symptoms occur during MTX administration, it is important to directly observe by endoscopy and perform histological examination.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Folicular , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos , Idoso , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Jejuno , Linfoma Folicular/induzido quimicamente , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
16.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 205, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238296

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the value of adjuvant radiotherapy for treatment of gastric adenocarcinoma and to investigate subgroups of patients suitable for adjuvant radiotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Data from 785 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma who had undergone D1/D2 radical resection and adjuvant chemotherapy were collected, the site of first progression was determined, and the relationship between the rate of local recurrence and clinicopathologic features was analyzed. RESULTS: By the end of the follow-up period, progression was observed in 405 patients. Local recurrence was observed as the first progression in 161 cases. The local recurrence rate was significantly lower than the non-local progression rate (20.5% vs 31.5%, p=0.007). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed a significant relationship among degree of differentiation, T stage, N stage, and rate of local recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Not all patients with gastric carcinoma required adjuvant radiotherapy. However, patients with poorly differentiated cancer cells, advanced T stage (T3/T4), and positive lymph nodes, which included patients in the T4N1-2M0 subgroup, were recommended for adjuvant radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Gástricas , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/radioterapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/radioterapia
17.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(3): 343-349, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238409

RESUMO

Objective To explore the association between contrast-enhanced ultrasound and risk of tumor recurrence in papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC). Methods A total of 287 PTCs in 287 patients who underwent surgery,conventional ultrasound,and contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)were enrolled in this study.According to 2015 American Thyroid Association(ATA)Modified Initial Risk Stratification System,the patients were categorized into three groups:low risk,intermediate risk,and high risk.The CEUS patterns of PTCs were compared between different risk stratifications. Results Hypo-enhancement was presented in 57.6% of ATA low-risk PTCs,iso-enhancement in 62.3% of ATA intermediate-risk PTCs,and hyper-enhancement in 48.2% of ATA high-risk PTCs(P<0.0001).The risk stratifications and enhanced intensity in PTC showcased a positive correlation(Spearman's rho of 0.442,P<0.0001)and a linear trend(χ 2 value of 55.921,P<0.0001).Higher enhancement intensity corresponded to higher risk stratification.Ordinal logistic regression analysis indicated that PTCs with hyper-enhancement and iso-enhancement presented higher risks than those with hypo-enhancement after age and gender were adjusted,and theOR values were 17.5(8.4-36.2)and 3.4(2.0-5.8),respectively. Conclusions CEUS patterns correlate intimately with the recurrence risk in PTC.Hyper-enhancement PTCs tend to present high risks,while hypo-enhancement PTCs tend to present low risks of recurrence.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
18.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(6)2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200303

RESUMO

Background and objective: Falls in elderly cause injury, mortality, and loss of independence, making Fear of Falling (FoF) a common health problem. FoF relates to activity restriction and increased fall risk. A voluntary intervention including fall risk assessment and prevention strategies was implemented to reduce falls in elderly patients with low energy fractures (LEF). The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate FoF and the number of subsequent falls in trauma patients one year after a LEF. The secondary aim was to examine how FoF affects patients' lives in terms of Quality of Life (QoL), mobility, and activity levels. Finally, participation in the voluntary fall prevention program (FPP) was evaluated. Materials and Methods: Observational cohort study in one Swiss trauma center. LEF patients, treated between 2012 and 2015, were analyzed one year after injury. Primary outcomes were Falls-Efficacy Score-International (FES-I) and number of subsequent falls. Secondary outcomes were EuroQoL-5-Dimensions-3-Levels (EQ5D-3L), mobility, activity levels, and participation in the FPP. Subgroup analysis was performed for different age categories. Results: 411 patients were included for analysis. Mean age was 72 ± 9.3, mean FES-I was 21.1 ± 7.7. Forty percent experienced FoF. A significant negative correlation between FoF and QoL (R = 0.64; p < 0.001) was found. High FoF correlated with lower activity levels (R= -0.288; p < 0.001). Six percent visited the FPP. Conclusions: At follow-up, 40% suffered from FoF which seems to negatively affect patients' QoL. Nevertheless, participation in the FPP was low. Simply informing patients about their susceptibility to falls and recommending participation in FPPs seems insufficient to motivate and recruit patients into FPPs. We suggest implementing repeated fall risk- and FoF screenings as standard procedures in the follow-up of LEF, especially in patients aged over 75 years.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Medo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
19.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(6)2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208475

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: GISTs (Gastrointestinal stromal tumors) are the most common mesenchymal gastrointestinal tract tumours and are mainly located in the stomach. Their malignant potential depends on size, location, and type. Endoscopic techniques are a less invasive modality for patients not eligible for surgery. ESD (endoscopic submucosal dissection) is mainly used for the removal of smaller GISTs, with intraluminal growth and a more superficial location. Thus, R0 resection capability in some cases may be not sufficient, limited by tumour size, location in the gastric wall, and its connection level with the muscularis propria. In such cases, an endoscopic full-thickness resection can become a new alternative. In this retrospective pilot study, we evaluated ESD and hybrid resection techniques in terms of safety, efficacy, and disease recurrence for selected types of gastric GISTs. Materials and Methods: A retrospective comparison was conducted in a group of patients who underwent ESD or a hybrid technique combining endoscopic resection with endoscopic suturing using the OverStitch system (HT) for type II or III gastric GISTs. A total of 21 patients aged 70 ± 8 years underwent endoscopic resection. Seventeen lesions were treated with ESD and four with the HT. Results: R0 resection was achieved in all patients treated using HT (type III lesions) and in 53% of those treated with ESD (p = 0.08). None of the type III lesions treated with ESD were excised with R0. Lesions treated with R0 ESD resections were significantly smaller (1.76 ± 0.35 cm) than those with R1 ESD resections (2.39 ± 0.40 cm) (p < 0.01). The mean lesion size treated with the HT was 2.88 ± 0.85 cm. Conclusions: HT may be a new resection modality for large gastric GISTs with high muscularis propria connection grades. Further studies are required to evaluate its safety and efficacy and to form precise inclusion criteria for endoscopic resection techniques.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Neoplasias Gástricas , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Gastroscopia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 206, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The oncological outcomes of laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) and open gastrectomy (OG) following neoadjuvant chemotherapy have been investigated in a few studies. Our purpose was to evaluate the oncological outcomes of LG and OG after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (GC) and to determine the advantages, preferences, and ease of use of the two techniques after chemotherapy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent either OG (n = 43) or LG (n = 41). The neoadjuvant treatment regimen consisted of capecitabine plus oxaliplatin for three cycles, which was then repeated 6 to 12 weeks after the operation for four cycles. RESULTS: The hospital stay time and intraoperative blood loss in the LG group were significantly lower than those in the OG group. The mortality rate and the 3-year survival rate for patients in the LG group were comparable to those of patients in the OG group (4.6% vs. 9.7% and 68.3% vs. 58.1%, respectively). Similar trends were observed regarding the 3-year recurrence rate and metastasis. The mean survival time was 52.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 44.2-61.6) in the OG group compared with 43.3 (95% CI, 36.6-49.8) in the LG group. Likewise, the mean disease-free survival was 56.1 months (95% CI, 46.36-65.8) in the LG group compared with 50.9 months (95% CI, 44.6-57.2) in the OG group. CONCLUSION: LG is a feasible and safe alternative to OG for patients with locally advanced GC receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
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