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1.
J Clin Neurosci ; 90: 82-88, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275586

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recurrent high-grade glioma, a malignant tumor of the brain or spinal cord associated with poor prognosis with a median survival of <6 months. Recurrent high-grade glioma does not have standard treatment even if some strategies have some effect in recurrent gliomas. Apatinib, as a tyrosine kinase inhibitor shown to be effective in treating the lung and gastric cancer. The present study investigated the efficacy and safety of apatinib in combination with dose-dense regimens of temozolomide for treating recurrent glioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients with recurrent high-grade glioma were enrolled and treated with apatinib (500 mg/day) and TMZ (50 mg/m2/day). Patients who achieved partial response or stable disease continued treatment. Administration of drug was terminated for patients with progressive disease, who could not tolerate toxicity, and who required discontinuation due to other medical conditions. RESULTS: From the 18 cases, only 17 were included in the evaluation of the curative effect of the drug and in that four showed partial responses, ten had stable disease, remaining three exhibited progressive disease. The disease control rate was 82.3% (14/17). Progression-free and overall survival was found to be 4 months and 9.1 months, respectively. Three patients became transiently capable of self-care (Karnofsky performance status >70). Cognition and quality of life improved after treatment and from the safety perspective, three most common adverse reactions included epilepsy (24.1%), hypertension (20.7%), and fatigue (17.2%). CONCLUSION: Apatinib and TMZ may represent an alternative treatment option for patients with recurrent high-gradeglioma, especially those with a low Karnofsky performance status. However, studies using a larger sample size are required to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Temozolomida/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Glioma/mortalidade , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Qualidade de Vida , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Anticancer Res ; 41(8): 4027-4032, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281869

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of postoperative radiotherapy (RT) on local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) in high-grade infiltrative soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) and determine its prognostic factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study and included 132 patients with high-grade STSs. Patients were divided into two groups: Group RT (n=48) who underwent postoperative RT and Group No-RT (n=84) who underwent only surgery. We analysed 5-year LRFS and its prognostic factors between these groups. Furthermore, 5-year LRFS in infiltrative and non-infiltrative STSs were evaluated. RESULTS: Five-year LRFS was not significantly different in Group RT (83.6%) and Group No-RT (79.6%) (p=0.698). Overall, significant prognostic factors influencing LRFS were age at diagnosis (p=0.02) and tumour growth pattern (p=0.04). Postoperative RT was less effective in the infiltrative than in non-infiltrative pattern of STSs. CONCLUSION: Postoperative RT does not influence local recurrence outcomes in infiltrative STSs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/radioterapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/patologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Anticancer Res ; 41(8): 4133-4141, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Advanced/recurrent breast cancer (ARBC) still has a poor prognosis; therefore, new treatment strategies are required. In this retrospective study, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of immune-cell therapy using T lymphocytes activated in vitro with or without dendritic cell vaccination in combination with standard therapies in terms of the survival of patients with ARBC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 127 patients with ARBC were enrolled in this study. The correlation between overall survival and various clinical factors of each ARBC subset was examined by univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis demonstrated that performance status (PS) 0, the absence of prior chemotherapy, liver/pleural metastasis, and the presence of combined surgery in ARBC and PS 0 or the absence of liver metastasis in the HR+/HER- subset are indications for immune-cell therapy. CONCLUSION: A survival benefit could be potentially obtained by a combination of immune-cell therapy with other therapies in ARBC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos , Células Dendríticas/transplante , Imunoterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Linfócitos T/transplante , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Anticancer Res ; 41(7): 3589-3595, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Curing local recurrence of rectal cancer (LRRC) is difficult with conventional photon radiotherapy. Proton beam therapy (PBT) on the other hand, has unique physical characteristics that permit higher doses to LRRC while minimizing side effects on surrounding organs. However, the efficacy of PBT on controlling rectal cancer recurrence has not yet been reported. This study aimed to evaluate clinical outcomes and toxicities of PBT for LRRC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical outcomes were retrospectively evaluated for 12 patients with 13 total lesions that had received PBT for LRRC at our institute. RESULTS: The median follow-up period from the initiation of PBT was 35.6 months. The 3-year local control, progression-free survival and overall survival rates were 80.2%, 10.4% and 73.8%, respectively. Median survival time was 67.1 months. There were no severe acute or late adverse events. CONCLUSION: PBT could be a safe and effective treatment method for LRRC.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Neoplasias Retais/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Terapia com Prótons/métodos , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
5.
Anticancer Res ; 41(7): 3615-3624, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of adjuvant chemotherapy in elderly patients with stage III colorectal cancer in a real-world setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 165 patients of ≥70 years of age with stage III colorectal cancer who underwent a curative operation between 2008 and 2020 were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: Among septuagenarians, the relapse-free and overall survival rates in the single-agent therapy group and the combination therapy group were significantly better than those in the group treated by surgery alone. However, no significant differences were observed in the relapse-free and overall survival rates of the single-agent therapy group and the combination therapy group. Among octogenarians in whom all regimens were single-agent therapy, adjuvant chemotherapy tended to improve the relapse-free and overall survival rates but not the time to recurrence or cancer-specific survival. CONCLUSION: Single-agent adjuvant chemotherapy may be a useful treatment option for septuagenarians with stage III colorectal cancer. However, the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy in octogenarians was not shown in this study.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Taxa de Sobrevida
6.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 6: CD009294, 2021 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34125951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether people with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) benefit from intravesical gemcitabine compared to other agents in the primary or recurrent setting following transurethral resection of a bladder tumor. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2012. Since that time, several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been reported, making this update relevant.  OBJECTIVES: To assess the comparative effectiveness and toxicity of intravesical gemcitabine instillation for NMIBC. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a comprehensive literature search of the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase, four other databases, trial registries, and conference proceedings to 11 September 2020, with no restrictions on the language or status of publication. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included RCTs in which participants received intravesical gemcitabine for primary or recurrent NMIBC. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently assessed the included studies and extracted data for the primary outcomes: time to recurrence, time to progression, grade III to V adverse events determined by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0 (CTCAE v5.0), and the secondary outcomes: time to death from bladder cancer, time to death from any cause, grade I or II adverse events determined by the CTCAE v5.0 and disease-specific quality of life. We performed statistical analyses using a random-effects model and rated the certainty of the evidence using GRADE. MAIN RESULTS: We included seven studies with 1222 participants with NMIBC across five comparisons. This abstract focuses on the primary outcomes of the three most clinically relevant comparisons. 1. Gemcitabine versus saline: based on two years' to four years' follow-up, gemcitabine may reduce the risk of recurrence over time compared to saline (39% versus 47% recurrence rate, hazard ratio [HR] 0.77, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.54 to 1.09; studies = 2, participants = 734; I2 = 49%; low-certainty evidence), but the CI included the possibility of no effect.  Gemcitabine may result in little to no difference in the risk of progression over time compared to saline (4.6% versus 4.8% progression rate, HR 0.96, 95% CI 0.19 to 4.71; studies = 2, participants = 654; I2 = 53%; low-certainty evidence).  Gemcitabine may result in little to no difference in the CTCAE grade III to V adverse events compared to saline (5.9% versus 4.7% adverse events rate, risk ratio [RR] 1.26, 95% CI 0.58 to 2.75; studies = 2, participants = 668; I2 = 24%; low-certainty evidence).  2. Gemcitabine versus mitomycin: based on three years' follow-up (studies = 1, participants = 109), gemcitabine may reduce the risk of recurrence over time compared to mitomycin (17% versus 40% recurrence rate, HR 0.36, 95% CI 0.19 to 0.69; low-certainty evidence). Gemcitabine may reduce the risk of progression over time compared to mitomycin (11% versus  18% progression rate, HR 0.57, 95% CI 0.32 to 1.01; low-certainty evidence), but the CI included the possibility of no effect.  We are very uncertain about the effect of gemcitabine on the CTCAE grade III to V adverse events compared to mitomycin (RR 0.51, 95% CI 0.13 to 1.93; very low-certainty evidence). The analysis was only based on recurrent NMIBC. 3. Gemcitabine versus Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) for recurrent (one-course BCG failure) high-risk NMIBC: based on 6 months' to 22 months' follow-up (studies = 1, participants = 80), gemcitabine may reduce the risk of recurrence compared to BCG (41% versus 97% recurrence rate, HR 0.15, 95% CI 0.09 to 0.26; low-certainty evidence) and progression over time (16% versus 33% progression rate, HR 0.45, 95% CI 0.27 to 0.76; low-certainty evidence). We are very uncertain about the effect of gemcitabine on the CTCAE grade III to V adverse events compared to BCG (RR 1.00, 95% CI 0.21 to 4.66; very low-certainty evidence).  In addition, the review provides information on  the comparison of gemcitabine versus BCG and gemcitabine versus one-third dose BCG.  AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Based on findings of this review, gemcitabine may have a more favorable impact on recurrence and progression-free survival than mitomycin but we are very uncertain as to how major adverse events compare. The same is true when comparing gemcitabine to BCG in individuals with high risk disease who have previously failed BCG. The underlying low- to very low-certainty evidence indicates that our confidence in these results is limited; the true effects may be substantially different from these findings; therefore, better quality studies are needed.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Administração Intravesical , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Vacina BCG/administração & dosagem , Viés , Causas de Morte , Intervalos de Confiança , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Humanos , Mitomicina/administração & dosagem , Mitomicina/efeitos adversos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Solução Salina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/prevenção & controle
7.
J Surg Oncol ; 124(4): 598-606, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34061356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR) plays a crucial role in the process of cancer progression. Common gene mutations of colorectal cancer lead to the activation of the PI3k/Akt/mTOR pathway. In this study, we determined whether p-mTOR expression in colorectal liver metastases is a predictive marker of prognosis following liver resection. METHODS: Eighty-one patients with colorectal liver metastases who had undergone curative resection were evaluated using immunohistochemistry of p-mTOR. Data regarding clinicopathological features and patient survival were analyzed. RESULTS: The p-mTOR expression in colorectal liver metastases was detected in 55 (67.9%) patients. Patients whose metastases had high p-mTOR expression showed a significantly lower overall survival rate after resection as compared to patients with low p-mTOR expression (p = 0.016), while there was no significant difference in the disease-free survival between the two groups. Repeat resection for recurrence was performed more frequently in patients with p-mTOR positive than others (p = 0.024). Multivariate analysis showed that p-mTOR expression was an independent prognostic factor of overall survival after liver resection (p = 0.019). CONCLUSIONS: mTOR was frequently activated in colorectal liver metastases, and the p-mTOR expression was a biological marker for predicting the overall survival of patients with colorectal liver metastases following liver resection.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Fosforilação , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética
8.
Cancer Sci ; 112(8): 3266-3277, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34080256

RESUMO

The argument concerning the exact minimum number of examined lymph nodes (ELNs) has continued for a long time among various regions, and no consensus has been reached for stratified pathological T stages for data to date. Data from 4607 pN0 patients with gastric cancer were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed the similar overall survival (OS) outcomes among the 3 groups (ELNs ≤ 15, 16 ≤ ELNs ≤ 29 and ELNs ≥ 30, P = .171). However, the ELNs ≥ 30 group had a better disease-free survival (DFS) outcome compared with the others (all P < .05). An increased ELN group (ELNs ≥ 30) showed an improved OS only for pT3 patients (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.397, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.182-0.866, P = .020), while an improved DFS for pT3 patients (HR = 0.362, 95%CI: 0.152-0.860, P = .021) and pT4 patients (HR = 0.484, 95%CI: 0.277-0.844, P = .011) in the multivariate analysis. A well discriminated and calibrated nomogram was constructed to predict the probability of the OS and DFS, with the C-index for OS and DFS prediction of 0.782 (95%CI: 0.735 to 0.829) and 0.738 (95%CI: 0.685 to 0.791), respectively. This study provides new and useful insights into the impact of ELN count on reducing stage migration and postoperative recurrence of pN0 patients with gastric cancer in 2000-2017. In conclusion, a larger number of ELNs is suggested for surgeons to prolong the prognosis of pN0 gastric cancer, especially for pT3 patients.


Assuntos
Metástase Linfática/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nomogramas , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Programa de SEER , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade
10.
Cancer Invest ; 39(6-7): 550-558, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34027748

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine the prognostic significance of peripheral absolute monocyte count (AMC) in combination with absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) at the time of relapse in a cohort of 57 patients with early relapsed (first complete remission <12 months) acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Both univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analyses revealed that normal AMC in combination with normal/high ALC (versus low/high AMC in combination with low ALC) was significantly associated with improved OS. We concluded that the combination of AMC and ALC could be used as a prognostic marker for survival outcomes in early relapsed AML.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/imunologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/imunologia , Prognóstico , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
11.
Cancer Med ; 10(10): 3249-3260, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of long-term surveillance for asymptomatic patients after curative resection of gastric cancer is being debated. We compared the prognosis of Korean patients with recurrent gastric cancer according to the presence or absence of cancer-related symptoms at the time of recurrence detection. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 305 Korean patients who experienced recurrence after curative resection of primary gastric cancer between March 2002 and February 2017 at Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. RESULTS: The median follow-up duration was 169.8 months (1-267.2), and the median age at first recurrence was 58.1 years (23.4-81.9). Among 305 patients with recurrence, 97 of 231 (42.0%) patients with early recurrence (≤5 years after curative surgical resection) and 47 of 74 (63.5%) patients with late recurrence (>5 years after curative surgical resection) had cancer-related symptoms at recurrence (p = 0.001). For survival after recurrence, detection of asymptomatic recurrence was an independent favorable factor (hazard ratio, 0.527; 95% confidence interval, 0.409-0.681; p < 0.001) accompanied with the possibility of subsequent treatment, targeted-, or immunotherapy for recurrent disease, and locoregional recurrence only. In the late-recurrence group, the patients with asymptomatic detection of recurrence showed favorable post-recurrence survival (median, 33.3 months vs. 14.7 months; p = 0.002), overall survival (median, 136.3 months vs. 106.1 months; p = 0.010), and cancer-specific survival (median, 177.5 months vs. 106.1 months; p = 0.005) than the patients with symptomatic detection. CONCLUSION: The detection of gastric cancer recurrence in patients without cancer-related symptoms may be related to improved survival, suggesting the potential benefit of long-term surveillance.


Assuntos
Doenças Assintomáticas/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 51(7): 1028-1035, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33959771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no standard treatment for patients with recurrent high-grade gliomas who progress after bevacizumab treatment. We evaluated the outcomes of re-irradiation combined with bevacizumab for patients refractory to bevacizumab. METHODS: Between January 2015 and September 2019, patients with progression after bevacizumab treatment were treated with re-irradiation combined with bevacizumab (25 Gy in five fractions). RESULTS: Fourteen patients [glioblastoma, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) wild type (N = 6), glioblastoma, IDH mutant (N = 4), anaplastic astrocytoma, IDH wild type (N = 1), anaplastic astrocytoma, IDH mutant (N = 1), glioblastoma, not otherwise specified (N = 1) and radiologically diagnosed brainstem glioma (N = 1)] were included in this study. The median survival and progression-free survival times after re-irradiation combined with bevacizumab were 6.1 and 3.8 months, respectively. The 6-month survival and progression-free survival rates were 54.5 and 15.7%, respectively. Patients with a Karnofsky performance status of ≥70 tended to have longer median survival time (9.3 vs. 5.4 months, respectively; P = 0.058) and had a significantly longer median progression-free survival time (4.2 vs. 3.7 months, respectively; P = 0.046) than those with a Karnofsky performance status of <70. Four patients (28.6%) achieved a complete or partial radiological response, and three patients (21.4%) had an improved Karnofsky performance status after re-irradiation combined with bevacizumab. Grade 3/4 toxicities included leukopenia in four patients (28.6%), hypertension in three (21.4%), proteinuria in one (7.1%) and gastrointestinal hemorrhage in one (7.1%). CONCLUSIONS: Re-irradiation combined with bevacizumab for patients with recurrent high-grade gliomas who progress after bevacizumab treatment was feasible. Re-irradiation combined with bevacizumab is a potential treatment option, especially for patients with a Karnofsky performance status of ≥70.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Reirradiação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Terapia Combinada , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/mortalidade , Glioma/radioterapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Terapia de Salvação , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Surg Oncol ; 124(4): 646-654, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34043244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The subtypes of surface osteosarcomas include well-differentiated, low-grade parosteal osteosarcoma (POS), intermediate-grade periosteal osteosarcoma (PerOS), high-grade surface osteosarcoma (HGSO), and high-grade, dedifferentiated POS (dPOS). We aimed to determine disease progression, defined as local recurrence and metastatic disease, and overall (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). We identify outcome predictive factors and report functional results. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated patients with primary surface osteosarcoma at our hospital from 1992 to 2019. Fifty-one patients had a median follow-up of 6.1 years (range: 0.1-25.2). Histologic subtypes included 32 POS, 11 PerOS, 4 HGSO, and 3 dPOS. Bone and soft tissue margins were classified using the American Joint Committee on Cancer residual tumor classification (Rx = Not evaluable; R0 = negative margin; R1 = microscopic positive margin; and R2 = macroscopic positive margin) and the modified R classification (mRx = not evaluable; mR0 = negative margin >1 mm; mR1 = negative margin ≤1 mm; mR1-dir: Positive microscopic margin locally; mR2a: Positive macroscopic margin locally; mR2b: positive macroscopic margin distally; and mR2C: positive macroscopic margin locally and distally). Forty-one patients had functional outcomes. RESULTS: Three POS patients developed recurrence: two had R0 margins and one an intralesional resection. Five patients developed lung metastases (POS: 3, dPOS: 2). Four patients died. The only significant disease progression predictor was age. OS at 10 years was 97%. 48 patients had negative bone margins (R0 or mR0 and mR1) and 47 patients had negative soft-tissue margins (R0 or mR0 and mR1). The average MSTS score was 88.43 (range: 34.29-100). CONCLUSIONS: We advocate surgery for POS and believe R0 (mR0 and mR1 resections) or planned R1 (mR1-dir) to preserve function are acceptable. We favor chemotherapy and surgery for PerOS, though a chemotherapeutic response is highly variable. High-grade tumors are the most infrequent subtype, but HGSO and dPOS seem to portend a poorer prognosis. Good function can be obtained.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Salvamento de Membro/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Osteossarcoma/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Osteossarcoma/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
14.
Maturitas ; 148: 18-23, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes of symptomatic and asymptomatic women with endometrial cancer and a preoperative diagnosis of an endometrial polyp. DESIGN: An Israel Gynecologic Oncology Group multi-center retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Of 635 patients with endometrial cancer and a preoperative diagnosis of an endometrial polyp who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2014 in one of 11 centers in Israel were divided into two groups according to the presence of bleeding symptoms. Outcome measures included recurrence-free survival, disease-specific survival and overall survival. Survival data were plotted according to the method of Kaplan and Meier and compared using the log-rank test. RESULTS: There were 513 symptomatic and 122 asymptomatic women with endometrial cancer and a preoperative diagnosis of an endometrial polyp. The median follow-up was 52 months (range 12-120 months). There were no differences between patients who experienced bleeding and those who did not in 5-year recurrence-free survival (85.2 % vs. 85.7 %; p=0.83, respectively), disease-specific survival (88.2 % vs. 89.2 %; p=0.71, respectively), or overall survival (80.2% vs. 78.4 %; p=0.97, respectively). CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of endometrial cancer in patients with asymptomatic endometrial polyps is not associated with improved outcomes as compared with patients with bleeding. In the absence of factors indicating a high risk of endometrial cancer, clinical and sonographic follow-up is the advised management strategy for these patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Pólipos/mortalidade , Idoso , Neoplasias do Endométrio/complicações , Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Israel , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Pólipos/complicações , Pólipos/diagnóstico , Pólipos/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Ultrassonografia
15.
Lancet Oncol ; 22(5): 609-619, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few effective second-line treatments exist for women with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. Accordingly, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tisotumab vedotin, a tissue factor-directed antibody-drug conjugate, in this patient population. METHODS: This multicentre, open-label, single-arm, phase 2 study was done across 35 academic centres, hospitals, and community practices in Europe and the USA. The study included patients aged 18 years or older who had recurrent or metastatic squamous cell, adenocarcinoma, or adenosquamous cervical cancer; disease progression on or after doublet chemotherapy with bevacizumab (if eligible by local standards); who had received two or fewer previous systemic regimens for recurrent or metastatic disease; had measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST; version 1.1); and had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1. Patients received 2·0 mg/kg (up to a maximum of 200 mg) tisotumab vedotin intravenously once every 3 weeks until disease progression (determined by the independent review committee) or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was confirmed objective response rate based on RECIST (version 1.1), as assessed by the independent review committee. Activity and safety analyses were done in patients who received at least one dose of the drug. This study is ongoing with recruitment completed and is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03438396. FINDINGS: 102 patients were enrolled between June 12, 2018, and April 11, 2019; 101 patients received at least one dose of tisotumab vedotin. Median follow-up at the time of analysis was 10·0 months (IQR 6·1-13·0). The confirmed objective response rate was 24% (95% CI 16-33), with seven (7%) complete responses and 17 (17%) partial responses. The most common treatment-related adverse events included alopecia (38 [38%] of 101 patients), epistaxis (30 [30%]), nausea (27 [27%]), conjunctivitis (26 [26%]), fatigue (26 [26%]), and dry eye (23 [23%]). Grade 3 or worse treatment-related adverse events were reported in 28 (28%) patients and included neutropenia (three [3%] patients), fatigue (two [2%]), ulcerative keratitis (two [2%]), and peripheral neuropathies (two [2%] each with sensory, motor, sensorimotor, and neuropathy peripheral). Serious treatment-related adverse events occurred in 13 (13%) patients, the most common of which included peripheral sensorimotor neuropathy (two [2%] patients) and pyrexia (two [2%]). One death due to septic shock was considered by the investigator to be related to therapy. Three deaths unrelated to treatment were reported, including one case of ileus and two unknown causes. INTERPRETATION: Tisotumab vedotin showed clinically meaningful and durable antitumour activity with a manageable and tolerable safety profile in women with previously treated recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. Given the poor prognosis for this patient population and the low activity of current therapies in this setting, tisotumab vedotin, if approved, would represent a new treatment for women with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. FUNDING: Genmab, Seagen, Gynaecologic Oncology Group, and European Network of Gynaecological Oncological Trial Groups.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Oligopeptídeos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Oligopeptídeos/efeitos adversos , Tromboplastina/análise , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
16.
Am J Surg ; 221(6): 1141-1149, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patterns of recurrence help to inform surveillance of patients with resected gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs). METHODS: Patients with GEP-NETs in British Columbia, Canada (2004-2015) were reviewed. Associations between tumor characteristics, recurrence and survival were analyzed. RESULTS: Among 759 patients, 41%, 25%, and 17% had grade 1, 2, and 3 disease, respectively. 387 patients had R0/R1 resections, of which 30% recurred (median 25 months). 5-year incidence of recurrence was 22% (grade 1), 46% (grade 2), and 59% (grade 3) (p < 0.001). Grade predicted distant recurrence (Grade 2 HR 1.89, 95% CI 1.16-3.07; p = 0.011; Grade 3 HR 3.29, 95% CI 1.81-5.99; p < 0.001). Compared to small bowel NETs, pancreas NETs had less peritoneal recurrence (OR 0.15, 95% CI 0.03-0.68, p = 0.014). No patients had isolated pulmonary recurrences. CONCLUSION: Higher grade tumors and pancreatic NETs require more frequent surveillance. Evidence is limited for pulmonary surveillance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Intestinais/cirurgia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/mortalidade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Análise de Sobrevida
17.
Cancer Causes Control ; 32(7): 763-772, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835281

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the demographic, pathological, and treatment-related factors that predict recurrence and survival in a Trinidadian cohort of breast cancer patients. METHODS: The inclusion criteria for this study were female, over 18 years, and with a primary breast cancer diagnosis confirmed by a biopsy report occurring between 2010 and 2015 at Sangre Grande Hospital, Trinidad. Univariate associations with 5-year recurrence-free survival and 5-year overall survival were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method for categorical variables and Cox Proportional Hazards for continuous variables. A multivariate model for prediction of recurrence and survival was determined using Cox regression. RESULTS: For the period 2010-2015, 202 records were abstracted. Five-year overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates were found to be 74.3% and 56.4%, respectively. Median times from first suspicious finding to date of biopsy report, date of surgery, and date of chemotherapy were 63 days, 125 days, and 189 days, respectively. In the univariate analysis, age (p = 0.038), stage (p < 0.001), recurrence (p = 0.035), surgery (p = 0.016), ER (p < 0.001) status, PR status (p < 0.001), and subtype (p < 0.001) were significantly associated with survival. Additionally, stage (p = 0.004), N score (p = 0.002), ER (p = 0.028) status, PR (p = 0.018) status, and subtype (p = 0.025) were significantly associated with recurrence. In the Cox multivariate model, Stage 4 was a significant predictor of survival (HR 6.77, 95% CI [0.09-2.49], p = 0.047) and N3 score was a significant predictor of recurrence (HR 4.47, 95% CI [1.29-15.54], p = 0.018). CONCLUSION: This study reports a 5-year breast cancer survival rate of 74.3%, and a recurrence-free survival rate of 56.4% in Trinidad for the period 2010-2015.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Demografia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Registros Médicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Trinidad e Tobago/epidemiologia
18.
Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc ; 55(2): 154-158, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847578

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate amputation-related factors after limb-salvage surgery (LSS) in patients with extremity-located bone and soft-tissue sarcomas and determine the relationship between these factors and patient survival. METHODS: In this retrospective study at our institution, patients in whom LSS was first performed because of an extremity-located musculoskeletal sarcoma, and subsequently amputation was carried out for various indications were included. Patient and tumor characteristics, details of surgical procedures, indications of amputation, number of operations, presence of metastasis before amputation, and post-amputation patient survival rates were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 25 patients (10 men, 15 women; mean age=41.96±21.88 years), in whom amputation was performed after LSS as initial resection of an extremity sarcoma or re-resection(s) of a local recurrence, were included in the study. The leading oncological indication for amputation was local recurrence that occurred in 18 (72%) patients. Non-oncological indications included prosthetic infection in 5 (20%), mechanical failure in 1 (4%), and skin necrosis in 1 (4%) patient. The patients underwent a median of 2 (range, 1-4) limb-salvage procedures before amputation. Distant organ metastasis was detected in 22 (88%) patients during follow-up; in 13 (52%) of these patients, metastasis was present before amputation. A total of 11 (44%) patients were alive at the time of study with no evidence of the disease (n=3) or with disease (n=8), and 14 (56%) patients died of disease. The mean overall and post-amputation survival were 47±20.519 (range, 11-204) months and 22±4.303 (range, 2-78) months, respectively. The median follow-up was 27 (range, 6-125) months. CONCLUSION: The most common causes of amputation after LSS were local recurrence and prosthetic infection. Patients who underwent amputation after LSS developed a high rate of distant organ metastasis during follow-up and had reduced survival. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, Therapeutic Study.


Assuntos
Amputação , Neoplasias Ósseas , Extremidades , Salvamento de Membro , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Sarcoma , Adulto , Amputação/métodos , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Extremidades/patologia , Extremidades/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro/efeitos adversos , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/patologia , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
19.
J Surg Oncol ; 124(3): 308-316, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33893740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAT) for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is increasingly being utilized. However, a significant number of patients will experience early recurrence, possibly negating the benefit of surgery. We aimed to identify factors implicated in early disease recurrence. METHODS: A retrospective review of pancreaticoduodenectomies performed between 2005 and 2017 at our institution for PDAC following NAT was performed. A 6-month cut-off was used to stratify patients into early/late recurrence groups. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify predictors of recurrence. RESULTS: Of 273 patients, 64 (23%) developed early recurrence or died within 90 days of surgery. The median time to recurrence was 4 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.2-4.3) in the early group versus 16 months (95% CI: 13.7-19.9) in the late group. The former had higher baseline and post-NAT Ca19-9 levels than the latter (472 vs. 153 IU/ml, p = 0.001 and 71 vs. 39 IU/ml, p = 0.005, respectively). A higher positive lymph node ratio significantly increased the risk of early recurrence (hazard ratio [HR]: 15.9, p < 0.001) while adjuvant chemotherapy was protective (HR: 0.4, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Our findings acknowledge the limitations of clinically measured factors used to ascertain response to NAT and underline the need for individualized molecular markers that take into consideration the specific tumor biology.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Idoso , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/mortalidade , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 476, 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926418

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The initial therapeutic strategy for hormone receptor-positive (HR+), HER2-negative (HER2-) breast cancer is based on the first metastatic site; however, little evidence is available regarding the influence of metastatic distribution patterns of first metastatic sites on prognosis. In this study, we aimed to identify the metastatic distribution patterns of first metastatic sites that significantly correlate with survival after recurrence. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of records from 271 patients with recurrent metastatic HR+/HER2- breast cancer diagnosed between January 2000 and December 2015. We assessed survival after recurrence according to the metastatic distribution patterns of the first metastatic sites and identified significant prognostic factors among patients with single and multiple metastases. RESULTS: Prognosis was significantly better in patients with a single metastasis than in those with multiple metastases (median overall survival after recurrence: 5.86 years vs. 2.50 years, respectively, p < 0.001). No metastatic organ site with single metastasis was significantly associated with prognostic outcome, although single metastasis with diffuse lesions was an independent risk factor for worse prognosis (HR: 3.641; 95% CI: 1.856-7.141) and more easily progressing to multiple metastases (p = 0.002). Multiple metastases, including liver metastasis (HR: 3.145; 95% CI: 1.802-5.495) or brain metastasis (HR: 3.289; 95% CI: 1.355-7.937), were regarded as significant independent poor prognostic factors; however, multiple metastases not involving liver or brain metastasis were not significantly related to prognosis after recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Single metastases with diffuse lesions could more easily disseminate systemically and progress to multiple metastases, leading to a poor prognosis similar to multiple metastases. Our findings indicate that the reconsideration of the determinant factors of therapeutic strategies for first recurrence in HR+/HER2- breast cancer may be needed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Receptores de Estrogênio , Receptores de Progesterona , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/química , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/química , Neoplasias Pleurais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pleurais/secundário , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2 , Estudos Retrospectivos
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