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1.
J Public Health (Oxf) ; 42(3): 483-485, 2020 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880394

RESUMO

As a global crisis, COVID-19 has underscored the challenge of disseminating evidence-based public health recommendations amidst a rapidly evolving, often uncensored information ecosystem-one fueled in part by an unprecedented degree of connected afforded through social media. In this piece, we explore an underdiscussed intersection between the visual arts and public health, focusing on the use of validated infographics and other forms of visual communication to rapidly disseminate accurate public health information during the COVID-19 pandemic. We illustrate our arguments through our own experience in creating a validated infographic for patients, now disseminated through social media and other outlets across the world in nearly 20 translations. Visual communication offers a creative and practical medium to bridge critical health literacy gaps, empower diverse patient communities through evidence-based information and facilitate public health advocacy during this pandemic and the 'new normal' that lies ahead.


Assuntos
Recursos Audiovisuais , Betacoronavirus , Gráficos por Computador , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Humanos , Saúde Pública
2.
An. psicol ; 36(2): 283-294, mayo 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192065

RESUMO

Identificar factores instruccionales específicos relacionados con progresos en comprensión lectora es esencial para optimizar el aprendizaje y orientar la intervención, especialmente en contextos de desventaja socio-cultural o dificultades de aprendizaje. Este estudio pretende identificar patrones instruccionales de mediación eficaces en la explicación del progreso en comprensión. Se grabaron, transcribieron y analizaron sistemáticamente 82 sesiones-clase, y se registraron pautas de mediación relativas a diferentes procesos lectores. Los patrones de mediación fueron analizados mediante codificación y categorización del contenido con el programa Maxqdea-7. Fueron consideradas 19 categorías, que aglutinaron 178 unidades de información significativas (pautas/conductas de mediación). La muestra estuvo compuesta por 21 docentes y 821 estudiantes de tercero a octavo grado de Educación Básica de escuelas públicas de Chile ubicadas en contextos de-privados socialmente. El progreso lector se midió con la prueba estandarizada CL-PT, aplicada al principio y al final del curso escolar. Los resultados permitieron identificar pautas específicas de mediación significativas en la explicación del progreso, especialmente el patrón M_17 (Mediación del uso de estrategias para la activación e integración de conocimientos previos) explicaba el 26% de la varianza (r = .55, p < .01; R2ajustado = .26, F (1, 19) = 8.19, p = .01). Se discuten las implicaciones educativas de estos resultados


Identifying specific instructional factors related to progress in reading comprehension is essential to optimize learning and guide intervention, especially in contexts of sociocultural disadvantage or learning difficulties. This study aims to identify effective mediational instructional patterns in the explanation of progress in reading comprehension. Teaching guidelines were systematically recorded in relation to different reading processes. Eighty-two sessions were recorded, transcribed and analyzed by coding and categorizing the content of the sessions through the Maxqdea-7 program. Nineteen categories were considered, which comprised 178 significant units of information (mediation guidelines). The sample consisted of 21 teachers and 821 students from third to the eighth grade of public schools of Chile located in deprived contexts. Reading progress was measured with the standardized CL-PT test, which was applied at the beginning and end of the school year. The results have allowed identifying mediation patterns with a significant relevance in the explanation of reading progress, especially the pattern M_P17 (Mediation of the use of strategies for the activation and integration of previous knowledge) managed to explain 26% of the variance in the progress (r = .55, p < .01; R2adjusted = .26, F(1, 19) = 8.19, p = .01). The educational implications of these results are discussed


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Compreensão , Populações Vulneráveis , Leitura , Aprendizagem , Docentes/normas , Desempenho Acadêmico/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Metacognição/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , 25783 , Recursos Audiovisuais/normas , Ajustamento Social , Análise de Regressão , Desempenho Acadêmico/normas
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21054, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Academic self-concept is an important construct within the disciplines of medicine, psychology, and education. Enhancing the academic self-concept of students with special educational needs is very crucial because it is associated with their quality of life. This study aimed to examine the effect of a video-guided educational technology intervention on the academic self-concept of adolescents with hearing impairment who were attending inclusive nonresidential public schools in Southeast Nigeria. METHODS: This study adopted a randomized controlled trial design. The participants were 60 junior secondary students with hearing impairment. We implemented a video-guided educational technology intervention. It relied on the use of 13-minute video clips with captions/subtitles, which covered academic self-concept-related themes. The Academic Self-Concept Questionnaire, which has been developed by Liu and Wang, was used to collect baseline, posttreatment, and follow-up data. We conducted independent-samples and paired t test and computed Cohen d and Glass Δ to analyze the data. RESULTS: The video-guided educational technology intervention significantly improved the academic self-concept of the treatment group participants, when compared with the care-as-usual control group participants, t(58) = 9.07, P < .001. These improvements in academic self-concept were sustained at follow up among the treatment group participants, when compared with the care-as-usual control group participants, t(48.56) = 10.898, P < .001. Within-subjects comparisons showed that the academic self-concept of the treatment group participants had significantly improved across the different time points at which they were assessed. CONCLUSION: The video-guided educational technology intervention was effective in improving the academic self-concept of adolescents with hearing impairment who were attending inclusive nonresidential public schools. Large-scale studies are needed to maximize the impact of video-guided educational technology interventions on students with hearing impairments who attend inclusive non residential public schools in Nigeria.


Assuntos
Recursos Audiovisuais , Pessoas com Deficiência Auditiva/psicologia , Educação Física e Treinamento , Autoimagem , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Tecnologia Educacional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Gravação em Vídeo
6.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47653

RESUMO

A Rede Brasileira de Bancos de Leite Humano (rBLH-BR) lança o primeiro produto da série Celebrando 10 anos de Dia Mundial de Doação de Leite Humano em Tempos de Covid-19. A produção traz vídeos dos 26 estados, Distrito Federal e o Brasil e reúne depoimentos sobre a rede solidária de doação leite humano e é um marco na trajetória dos BLHs.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Recursos Audiovisuais , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pneumonia Viral , Promoção da Saúde , Leite Humano , Bancos de Leite
7.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(6): e0008305, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-592006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The dengue virus is endemic in many low- and middle-income countries. In Burkina Faso, the proportion of fevers that could be due to dengue is growing. In 2013, a dengue epidemic spread there, followed by other seasonal outbreaks. Dengue is often confused with malaria, and health workers are not trained to distinguish between them. Three training videos using different narrative genres were tested with nursing students from two institutions in Ouagadougou: journalistic, dramatic and animated video. The study aimed to determine if video is an effective knowledge transfer tool, if narrative genre plays a role in knowledge acquisition, and which narrative elements are the most appreciated. METHODOLOGY: A mixed method research design was used. The relative effectiveness of the videos was verified through a quasi-experimental quantitative component with a comparison group and post-test measurements. A qualitative component identified participants' perceptions regarding the three videos. Data were drawn from a knowledge test (n = 482), three focus groups with health professionals' students (n = 46), and individual interviews with health professionals (n = 10). Descriptive statistics and single-factor variance analysis were produced. A thematic analysis was used to analyse qualitative data. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Results showed that all three videos led to significant rates of knowledge improvement when compared with the comparison group (p <0.05): 12.31% for the journalistic video, 20.58% for the dramatic video, and 18.91% for the animated video. The dramatic and animated videos produced a significantly higher increase in knowledge than did the journalistic video (with respectively 8.27% (p = 0.003) and 6.59% (p = 0.029) and can be considered equivalent with a difference of 1.68% (p = 0.895). Thematic analysis also revealed that these two videos were considered to be better knowledge transfer tools. Four key aspects are important to consider for a video to be effective: 1) transmitting information in a narrative form, 2) choosing good communicators, 3) creating a visual instrument that reinforces the message and 4) adapting the message to the local context. CONCLUSIONS: Video has proven to be an effective and appreciated knowledge transfer and training tool for health professionals, but the narrative genre of the videos can influence knowledge acquisition. The production of other videos should be considered for training or updating health professionals and their narrative genre taken into consideration. The actual context of constant circulation of new diseases, such as COVID-19, reaffirms the need to train health professionals.


Assuntos
Recursos Audiovisuais , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Narração , Burkina Faso , Dengue/diagnóstico , Erros de Diagnóstico/prevenção & controle , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Capacitação em Serviço , Conhecimento
8.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(6): e0008305, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The dengue virus is endemic in many low- and middle-income countries. In Burkina Faso, the proportion of fevers that could be due to dengue is growing. In 2013, a dengue epidemic spread there, followed by other seasonal outbreaks. Dengue is often confused with malaria, and health workers are not trained to distinguish between them. Three training videos using different narrative genres were tested with nursing students from two institutions in Ouagadougou: journalistic, dramatic and animated video. The study aimed to determine if video is an effective knowledge transfer tool, if narrative genre plays a role in knowledge acquisition, and which narrative elements are the most appreciated. METHODOLOGY: A mixed method research design was used. The relative effectiveness of the videos was verified through a quasi-experimental quantitative component with a comparison group and post-test measurements. A qualitative component identified participants' perceptions regarding the three videos. Data were drawn from a knowledge test (n = 482), three focus groups with health professionals' students (n = 46), and individual interviews with health professionals (n = 10). Descriptive statistics and single-factor variance analysis were produced. A thematic analysis was used to analyse qualitative data. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Results showed that all three videos led to significant rates of knowledge improvement when compared with the comparison group (p <0.05): 12.31% for the journalistic video, 20.58% for the dramatic video, and 18.91% for the animated video. The dramatic and animated videos produced a significantly higher increase in knowledge than did the journalistic video (with respectively 8.27% (p = 0.003) and 6.59% (p = 0.029) and can be considered equivalent with a difference of 1.68% (p = 0.895). Thematic analysis also revealed that these two videos were considered to be better knowledge transfer tools. Four key aspects are important to consider for a video to be effective: 1) transmitting information in a narrative form, 2) choosing good communicators, 3) creating a visual instrument that reinforces the message and 4) adapting the message to the local context. CONCLUSIONS: Video has proven to be an effective and appreciated knowledge transfer and training tool for health professionals, but the narrative genre of the videos can influence knowledge acquisition. The production of other videos should be considered for training or updating health professionals and their narrative genre taken into consideration. The actual context of constant circulation of new diseases, such as COVID-19, reaffirms the need to train health professionals.


Assuntos
Recursos Audiovisuais , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Narração , Burkina Faso , Dengue/diagnóstico , Erros de Diagnóstico/prevenção & controle , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Capacitação em Serviço , Conhecimento
10.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47482

RESUMO

Entidade sem fins lucrativos, fundada 1981, com sede administrativa no Rio de Janeiro, presente em aproximadamente 100 comunidades pelo Brasil. Luta pelo fim do preconceito em relação aos portadores de hanseníase. Informa sobre os sintomas e quais os tipos de tratamento para a doença


Assuntos
Saúde Pública , Doenças Transmissíveis , Hanseníase , Organizações sem Fins Lucrativos , Instituições Filantrópicas de Saúde , Recursos Audiovisuais
11.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430510

RESUMO

Digitalization has revolutionized the conditions and framework of media communication, including health education and promotion. The production and consumption of audio-visual formats is constantly increasing. In this contribution, the importance of digital audio-visual elements within public health interventions via the Internet is emphasized. With recent examples from the audio-visual practice of the Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA, Cologne) a spectrum of health education video formats on the Internet is presented, together with related objectives and message strategies. In future, further research on reception processes and outcomes should be performed as well as on whether moving image formats on the Internet can contribute to better contact with socially disadvantaged target groups.


Assuntos
Recursos Audiovisuais , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Saúde Pública , Telemedicina , Previsões , Alemanha , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Internet
13.
Am J Med Genet A ; 182(6): 1302-1308, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-108928

RESUMO

In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is appropriate that our focus is on patient care and preparation. However, the genetics community is well poised to fill in the educational gap created by medical students transitioning to limiting patient contact, creation of telemedicine patient care, and online learning modules. Our history of agility in learning and teaching is now only inhibited by the time constraints of current clinical demands on the genetics community. This publication is designed to offer ideas and resources for quickly transitioning our education to meet the current demands in the time of a pandemic. Not only will this allow us to continue our strong history of education, it will enhance our strong commitment to using modern educational techniques and tools to address the genetics workforce issues that have defined the recent past. We have the opportunity to aggressively educate for trainees that now have the capacity to learn, and to lead the way in showing how the genetics community rallies together no matter the challenge.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Educação a Distância/organização & administração , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/organização & administração , Genética Médica/educação , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Recursos Audiovisuais/provisão & distribução , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/diagnóstico , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Saúde Pública/métodos , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Telemedicina/métodos
14.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(1): 167-183, jan.-mar. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087303

RESUMO

Este artigo discute a influência que o conteúdo publicado no YouTube exerce na formação do capital social, a partir da análise do vídeo mais popular de um canal de divulgação científica de questões abordadas pela psicologia e dos comentários a ele associados. Na análise dos comentários, foram utilizados os procedimentos metodológicos da teoria fundamentada. No final da pesquisa, foram identificadas três práticas discursivas que, no contexto de estudo, contribuem para a formação do capital social e de valores a ele relacionados. As formas de capital social encontradas com mais frequência foram a do capital relacional, do capital cognitivo e a da confiança no ambiente social. Entre os valores construídos pelos usuários em suas práticas discursivas estão a visibilidade, a legitimação e o suporte social. Esse último merece destaque por perpassar todas as categorias principais. Concluímos que o conteúdo do vídeo funciona como catalisador para diferentes práticas sociais que culminam na formação do capital social.


This article discusses the influence of YouTube content on the formation of social capital from the analysis of the most popular psychology video on Brazilian Science YouTube Channel and also of the comments made by its users. In the analysis of the comments, the methodological procedures of the grounded theory were used. At the end of the research, three discursive practices were identified and in the study context they aid in the formation of social capital and of related values. The most frequent forms of social capital that we found were those of the relational capital, of the cognitive capital and of the trustworthiness in the interaction with other people in that social environment. Among the values constructed by users in their discursive practices are visibility, legitimation and social support. The latter deserves special mention because it intersects all the main categories. We have come to the conclusion that the content of the video serves as catalyst for different social practices that culminate in the formation of social capital.


Este artículo discute la influencia del contenido publicado en YouTube sobre la formación del capital social, fundamentada en el análisis del vídeo más popular de un canal de divulgación científica de cuestiones abordadas por la psicología y en los comentarios a él asociados. En el análisis de los comentarios, se utilizaron los procedimientos metodológicos de la teoría fundamentada. En el final de la investigación, se identificaron tres prácticas discursivas que, en el contexto del estudio, contribuyen a la formación del capital social y de valores relacionados a él. Las formas de capital social encontradas con más frecuencia fueron la del capital relacional, del capital cognitivo y de la confianza en el ambiente social. Entre los valores construidos por los usuarios en sus prácticas discursivas están la visibilidad, la legitimación y el apoyo social. Este último merece destacarse por atravesar todas las categorías principales. Concluimos que el contenido del vídeo funciona como catalizador para diferentes prácticas sociales que culminan en la formación del capital social.


Assuntos
Humanos , Psicologia , Comunicação e Divulgação Científica , Mídias Sociais , Capital Social , Redes Sociais Online , Recursos Audiovisuais , Apoio Social , Pesquisa Empírica
15.
Am J Med Genet A ; 182(6): 1302-1308, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32323908

RESUMO

In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is appropriate that our focus is on patient care and preparation. However, the genetics community is well poised to fill in the educational gap created by medical students transitioning to limiting patient contact, creation of telemedicine patient care, and online learning modules. Our history of agility in learning and teaching is now only inhibited by the time constraints of current clinical demands on the genetics community. This publication is designed to offer ideas and resources for quickly transitioning our education to meet the current demands in the time of a pandemic. Not only will this allow us to continue our strong history of education, it will enhance our strong commitment to using modern educational techniques and tools to address the genetics workforce issues that have defined the recent past. We have the opportunity to aggressively educate for trainees that now have the capacity to learn, and to lead the way in showing how the genetics community rallies together no matter the challenge.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Educação a Distância/organização & administração , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/organização & administração , Genética Médica/educação , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Recursos Audiovisuais/provisão & distribução , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/diagnóstico , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Saúde Pública/métodos , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Telemedicina/métodos
16.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med ; 201(12): 1517-1524, 2020 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182098

RESUMO

Rationale: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) after hospitalizations for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) improves exercise capacity and health-related quality of life and reduces readmissions. However, posthospitalization PR uptake is low. To date, no trials of interventions to increase uptake have been conducted.Objectives: To study the effect of a codesigned education video as an adjunct to usual care on posthospitalization PR uptake.Methods: The present study was an assessor- and statistician-blinded randomized controlled trial with nested, qualitative interviews of participants in the intervention group. Participants hospitalized with COPD exacerbations were assigned 1:1 to receive either usual care (COPD discharge bundle including PR information leaflet) or usual care plus the codesigned education video delivered via a handheld tablet device at discharge. Randomization used minimization to balance age, sex, FEV1 % predicted, frailty, transport availability, and previous PR experience.Measurements and Main Results: The primary outcome was PR uptake within 28 days of hospital discharge. A total of 200 patients were recruited, and 196 were randomized (51% female, median FEV1% predicted, 36 [interquartile range, 27-48]). PR uptake was 41% and 34% in the usual care and intervention groups, respectively (P = 0.37), with no differences in secondary (PR referral and completion) or safety (readmissions and death) endpoints. A total of 6 of the 15 participants interviewed could not recall receiving the video.Conclusions: A codesigned education video delivered at hospital discharge did not improve posthospitalization PR uptake, referral, or completion.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/estatística & dados numéricos , Tolerância ao Exercício , Hospitalização , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/reabilitação , Qualidade de Vida , Gravação em Vídeo , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Recursos Audiovisuais , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente , Readmissão do Paciente , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Capacidade Vital
17.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(6): 1455-1463, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical videos are increasingly common, although their role in residency curricula remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an educational surgical video on resident performance of an open carpal tunnel release through an Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills and serial questionnaires. METHODS: Twenty-two residents representing six postgraduate years were randomized to receive text-based materials with or without a surgical video before performing a carpal tunnel release on human cadavers. Procedures were video recorded, anonymized, and independently evaluated by three hand surgeons using the Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills global rating scale, a procedure-specific technical rating scale, a record of operative errors, and pass/fail designation. Residents completed questionnaires before and after the procedure to track confidence in their technical skills. RESULTS: Residents in their first and second postgraduate years (n = 10) who watched the surgical video committed fewer operative errors (median, 4 versus 1.3; p = 0.043) and were more confident in their abilities following the procedure (median, 75 versus 32; p = 0.043) than those receiving text resources alone. There were no significant differences in Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills performance or questionnaire responses among more senior residents (n = 12). The technical rating scale was internally consistent (Cronbach α = 0.95; 95 percent CI, 0.91 to 0.98), reliable (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.73; 95 percent CI, 0.40 to 0.88), and correlated with surgical experience (Spearman ρ = 0.57; p = 0.006). CONCLUSION: Watching an educational surgical video to prepare for a cadaveric procedure significantly reduced operative errors and improved confidence among junior trainees performing a carpal tunnel release.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/cirurgia , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Internato e Residência/métodos , Cirurgiões/educação , Gravação em Vídeo , Adulto , Recursos Audiovisuais , Cadáver , Currículo , Avaliação Educacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos
19.
J Small Anim Pract ; 61(5): 308-315, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077502

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate two visual aid devices in blind dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Transit time and number of collisions through a maze were recorded for 12 chronically and irreversibly blind dogs. Each dog repeated the maze while fitted with a BlindSight® echolocation device, or Muffin's Halo® physical barrier. They then repeated another maze test after a 30-day device acclimation period at home. RESULTS: All dogs had fewer collisions when wearing the halo device versus their baseline with no device. Dogs ≤11.8 kg had fewer collisions when acclimated to the halo versus their baseline with no device or when acclimated to the BlindSight®. For dogs >11.8 kg, maze completion time was faster when acclimated to the BlindSight® versus their baseline with no device or when acclimated to a halo. Owner surveys indicated no noticeable improvement in quality of life or dog navigation at home with either device. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This study demonstrates the utility of commercially available visual aid devices in aiding blind dogs' navigation and may help veterinarians make recommendations to owners of blind dogs regarding the purchase of these devices.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Médicos Veterinários , Animais , Recursos Audiovisuais , Cães , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Convulsões/veterinária , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0220214, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Robotic surgery presents a challenge to effective teamwork and communication in the operating theatre (OR). Our objective was to evaluate the effect of using a wireless audio headset device on communication, efficiency and patient outcome in robotic surgery. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A prospective controlled trial of team members participating in gynecologic and urologic robotic procedures between January and March 2015. In the first phase, all surgeries were performed without headsets (control), followed by the intervention phase where all team members used the wireless headsets. Noise levels were measured during both phases. After each case, all team members evaluated the quality of communication, performance, teamwork and mental load using a validated 14-point questionnaire graded on a 1-10 scale. Higher overall scores indicated better communication and efficiency. Clinical and surgical data of all patients in the study were retrieved, analyzed and correlated with the survey results. The study included 137 procedures, yielding 843 questionnaires with an overall response rate of 89% (843/943). Self-reported communication quality was better in cases where headsets were used (113.0 ± 1.6 vs. 101.4 ± 1.6; p < .001). Use of headsets reduced the percentage of time with a noise level above 70 dB at the console (8.2% ± 0.6 vs. 5.3% ± 0.6, p < .001), but had no significant effect on length of surgery nor postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: The use of wireless headset devices improved quality of communication between team members and reduced the peak noise level in the robotic OR.


Assuntos
Recursos Audiovisuais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/instrumentação , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/instrumentação , Tecnologia sem Fio/instrumentação , Idoso , Comunicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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