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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4260, 2024 02 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383860

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma (MM) is considered to be one of the hematological malignancies formed by excessive and abnormal proliferation of plasmocytes. Among other parameters, several blood tests are used to diagnose multiple myeloma. The hemorheological profile in multiple myeloma is not widely studied. Hemorheology includes the study of measuring the deformability and aggregation of erythrocytes, blood viscosity, and sedimentation rate. The degree of deformability of blood cells is necessary to maintain proper vital functions. Proper deformability of red blood cells ensures proper blood circulation, tissue oxidation and carbon dioxide uptake. The aim of the study was to compare morphology and blood rheology parameters in patients with MM and healthy individuals. The study included 33 patients with MM, and 33 healthy subjects of the same age. The hematological blood parameters were evaluated using ABX MICROS 60 hematology analyzer. The LORCA Analyzer to study erythrocyte aggregation and deformability. Patients with MM had lower red blood cells count (RBC) (9.11%) (p < 0.001) and half time of total aggregation (T1/2) (94.29%) (p < 0.001) values and higher mean corpuscular volume (MCV) (5.50%) (p < 0.001), aggregation index (AI) (68.60%) (p < 0.001), total extent of aggregation (AMP) (87.92%) (p < 0.001) values than the healthy control group. Aggregation in patients with MM is different compared to healthy individuals. It was observed that the percentage of cell aggregation is almost 50% higher than in the control group. The study of morphology, aggregation and deformability of erythrocytes in patients with suspected MM may be helpful in making clinical decisions.


Assuntos
Deformação Eritrocítica , Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Hemorreologia , Eritrócitos , Agregação Eritrocítica , Reologia , Viscosidade Sanguínea , Sedimentação Sanguínea
2.
J Food Sci ; 89(2): 941-953, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317415

RESUMO

The interest in incorporating potatoes into wheat dough is increasing. However, potatoes exhibit significant viscosity during thermal processing, affecting product processing and quality. This study aims to find an effective method to reduce the viscosity of mashed potatoes. We aimed to compare the effects of different enzymes (α-amylase, ß-amylase, and flavourzyme) and concentrations (0.01%, 0.05%, and 0.1%) on the micromorphology and rheological properties of mashed potatoes and potato-wheat dough. The impact of flavourzyme was the most significant (p<0.05). When enzyme concentration increased, viscosity decreased, and the degree of structural damage, indicated by increased porosity. Notably, the addition of flavourzyme can increase the content of sweet and umami free amino acids, improving the flavor of mashed potatoes. The scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy images of potato-wheat dough revealed that enzyme-hydrolyzed mashed potatoes had improved homogeneity, reestablished the dough continuity, and strengthened the three-dimensional structure comprising proteins and starch. Notably, flavourzyme demonstrated the most significant effect on enhancing the protein-starch network structure. This was attributed to the exposure of functional groups resulting from protein hydrolysis, facilitating interaction with starch molecules. Our findings indicate that the addition of 0.1% flavourzyme (500 LAPU/g, pH 5.5, 55 ± 2°C, 30 min treated) was the most effective in reducing viscosity and reconstructing the gluten network. Enzymatic hydrolysis plays a vital role in the production of high-quality potato products, with particular importance in the baking industry, where flavourzyme exhibits significant potential. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Enzymatic hydrolysis plays a vital role in the production of high-quality potato products, with particular importance in the baking industry, where flavourzyme exhibits significant potential.


Assuntos
Solanum tuberosum , Farinha , Triticum/química , Amido/química , Viscosidade , Glutens/química , Reologia , Pão
3.
Adv Colloid Interface Sci ; 324: 103095, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301316

RESUMO

Direct ink writing (DIW) stands as a pioneering additive manufacturing technique that holds transformative potential in the field of hydrogel fabrication. This innovative approach allows for the precise deposition of hydrogel inks layer by layer, creating complex three-dimensional structures with tailored shapes, sizes, and functionalities. By harnessing the versatility of hydrogels, DIW opens up possibilities for applications spanning from tissue engineering to soft robotics and wearable devices. This comprehensive review investigates DIW as applied to hydrogels and its multifaceted applications. The paper introduces a diverse range of printing techniques while providing a thorough exploration of DIW for hydrogel-based printing. The investigation aims to explain the progress made, challenges faced, and potential trajectories that lie ahead for DIW in hydrogel-based manufacturing. The fundamental principles underlying DIW are carefully examined, specifically focusing on rheological attributes and printing parameters, prompting a comprehensive survey of the wide variety of hydrogel materials. These encompass both natural and synthetic variations, all of which can be effectively harnessed for this purpose. Furthermore, the review explores the latest applications of DIW for hydrogels in biomedical areas, with a primary focus on tissue engineering, wound dressing, and drug delivery systems. The document not only consolidates the existing state of DIW within the context of hydrogel-based manufacturing but also charts potential avenues for further research and innovative breakthroughs.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Tinta , Hidrogéis/química , Impressão Tridimensional , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Reologia
4.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2763: 395-401, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347429

RESUMO

Saliva is crucial to maintaining oral health and facilitating chewing, swallowing, and speech functions. Decreased saliva secretion, known as hyposalivation, impairs these functions and increases the risk of dental caries and other infectious diseases in the oral cavity.Saliva exhibits various rheological properties, with mucin being a factor in determining these properties. Alterations in these properties can also affect the sensation of dry mouth. In this article, we focus on the spinnbarkeit of saliva using the Neva Meter instrument and provide a methodology for fully understanding the appropriate conditions for its use.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Xerostomia , Humanos , Saliva , Reologia
5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(7): 3259-3276, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308635

RESUMO

Polysaccharides are an important class of biomolecules derived from several sources. However, the inherent structure of polysaccharides prevents them from exhibiting favorable physicochemical properties, which restricts their development in agriculture, industry, food, and biomedicine. This paper systematically summarizes the changes in the primary and advanced structures of modified polysaccharides, and focuses on the effects of various modification methods on the hydrophobicity, rheological properties, emulsifying properties, antioxidant activity, hypoglycemic, and hypolipidemic activities of polysaccharides. Then there is a list the applications of modified polysaccharides in treating heavy metal pollutants, purifying water resources, improving beverage stability and bread quality, and precisely delivering the drug. When summarized and reviewed, the information above can shed further light on the relationship between polysaccharide structure and function. Determining the structure-activity relationship provides a scientific basis for the direction of molecular modifications of polysaccharides.


Assuntos
Hipoglicemiantes , Polissacarídeos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Reologia
6.
Sci Adv ; 10(2): eadh1265, 2024 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38198546

RESUMO

The adaptive mechanical properties of soft and fibrous biological materials are relevant to their functionality. The emergence of the macroscopic response of these materials to external stress and intrinsic cell traction from local deformations of their structural components is not well understood. Here, we investigate the nonlinear elastic behavior of blood clots by combining microscopy, rheology, and an elastic network model that incorporates the stretching, bending, and buckling of constituent fibrin fibers. By inhibiting fibrin cross-linking in blood clots, we observe an anomalous softening regime in the macroscopic shear response as well as a reduction in platelet-induced clot contractility. Our model explains these observations from two independent macroscopic measurements in a unified manner, through a single mechanical parameter, the bending stiffness of individual fibers. Supported by experimental evidence, our mechanics-based model provides a framework for predicting and comprehending the nonlinear elastic behavior of blood clots and other active biopolymer networks in general.


Assuntos
Plaquetas , Trombose , Humanos , Fibrina , Microscopia , Reologia
7.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(1): 18, 2024 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38195589

RESUMO

For over two decades, Rituximab and CHOP combination treatment (rCHOP) has remained the standard treatment approach for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Despite numerous clinical trials exploring treatment alternatives, few options have shown any promise at further improving patient survival and recovery rates. A wave of new therapeutic approaches have recently been in development with the rise of immunotherapy for cancer, however, the cost of clinical trials is prohibitive of testing all promising approaches. Improved methods of early drug screening are essential for expediting the development of the therapeutic approaches most likely to help patients. Microfluidic devices provide a powerful tool for drug testing with enhanced biological relevance, along with multi-parameter data outputs. Here, we describe a hydrogel spheroid-based microfluidic model for screening lymphoma treatments. We utilized primary patient DLBCL cells in combination with NK cells and rCHOP treatment to determine the biological relevance of this approach. We observed cellular viability in response to treatment, rheological properties, and cell surface marker expression levels correlated well with expected in vivo characteristics. In addition, we explored secretory and transcriptomic changes in response to treatment. Our results showed complex changes in phenotype and transcriptomic response to treatment stimuli, including numerous metabolic and immunogenic changes. These findings support this model as an optimal platform for the comparative screening of novel treatments.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Microfluídica , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoterapia , Terapia Combinada , Reologia , Microambiente Tumoral
8.
J Biomed Opt ; 29(Suppl 1): S11517, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38223679

RESUMO

Significance: Photoacoustic Doppler flowmetry offers quantitative blood perfusion information in addition to photoacoustic vascular contrast for rectal cancer assessment. Aim: We aim to develop and validate a correlational Doppler flowmetry utilizing an acoustic resolution photoacoustic microscopy (AR-PAM) system for blood perfusion analysis. Approach: To extract blood perfusion information, we implemented AR-PAM Doppler flowmetry consisting of signal filtering and conditioning, A-line correlation, and angle compensation. We developed flow phantoms and contrast agent to systemically investigate the flowmetry's efficacy in a series of phantom studies. The developed correlational Doppler flowmetry was applied to images collected during in vivo AR-PAM for post-treatment rectal cancer evaluation. Results: The linearity and accuracy of the Doppler flow measurement system were validated in phantom studies. Imaging rectal cancer patients treated with chemoradiation demonstrated the feasibility of using correlational Doppler flowmetry to assess treatment response and distinguish residual cancer from cancer-free tumor bed tissue and normal rectal tissue. Conclusions: A new correlational Doppler flowmetry was developed and validated through systematic phantom evaluations. The results of its application to in vivo patients suggest it could be a useful addition to photoacoustic endoscopy for post-treatment rectal cancer assessment.


Assuntos
Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Fluxometria por Laser-Doppler/métodos , Reologia/métodos , Microscopia Acústica/métodos , Acústica , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico por imagem , Técnicas Fotoacústicas/métodos
9.
Food Chem ; 441: 138366, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38199110

RESUMO

The effect of adding apple high-methoxy pectin (HMP) (0-3 mg∙mL-1) on heat-induced gel characteristics of low concentration silver carp myofibrillar protein (MP) (15 mg∙mL-1) was studied. It was found that the hardness of gel increased by 20.6 times with adding 2 mg∙mL-1 HMP. Besides, HMP aided in the development of disulfide bonds and the aggregation of hydrophobic groups. During gel formation, the maximal storage modulus (G') of samples supplemented with 2 mg·mL-1 HMP was raised by a factor of 2.7. Of note, the images of SEM showed that protein and water were tightly combined with a proper amount of HMP and made its pores more uniform and dense. Meantime, the addition of moderate amounts of HMP enabled the formation of gels with favorable texture and performance at low concentration of MP was identified, which could provide a theoretical reference for the design and production of flesh low-calorie food gel.


Assuntos
Carpas , Malus , Animais , Temperatura Alta , Pectinas/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Géis/química , Reologia/métodos
10.
Food Chem ; 442: 138490, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38245989

RESUMO

In this study, the effects of thermal treatments on the structural, rheological, water mobility, antioxidant, and astringency properties of proanthocyanidin (PA)-pectin binary complexes were investigated. Thermal treatments (25, 63, or 85 °C) significantly decreased the particle size but increased the molecular weight of PA-pectin complexes, which indicated that heating altered the intermolecular and intramolecular interactions between PA and pectin. The thermal treatments reduced the apparent viscosity of both pectin and PA-pectin complexes, but the presence of proanthocyanidins (PAs) increased the apparent viscosity and water mobility of the PA-pectin complexes. Antioxidant activity analysis showed that the presence of pectin slightly reduced the antioxidant activity of the PAs, but there were no significant changes in the total phenolic content and antioxidant activity after thermal treatment. Finally, we found that pectin reduced the astringency of the PAs by forming PA-pectin complexes. Moreover, the thermal treatments also significantly reduced the astringency of the PA-pectin complexes.


Assuntos
Pectinas , Proantocianidinas , Pectinas/química , Antioxidantes/química , Adstringentes , Viscosidade , Água , Reologia
11.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 59(1): e14518, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38268215

RESUMO

Cystic endometrial hyperplasia (CEH)-pyometra complex is the most common uterine infection in adult and elderly bitches and can cause renal dysfunction. The aim of this study was to measure and compare urinary creatinine, urea, symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA), urinary protein-creatinine ratio (UPC), measurement of systolic blood pressure (SBP), and Doppler velocimetry of renal arteries in patients with CEH-pyometra complex before and after an average of 6 months of treatment, evaluating the possibility of the changes persisting. The evaluation was conducted at two moments: M1 (at the diagnosis of CEH-pyometra, n = 36) and M2 (after an average of six months of treatment, n = 16). For the control group, eight bitches with no changes in blood tests or history of conditions underwent Doppler ultrasound evaluation of the renal arteries. At both M1 and M2, we measured creatinine, urea, and serum SDMA, UPC, SBP, and Doppler ultrasound of the renal arteries. Patients were evaluated according to the following groups: azotemic (AZO) and non-azotemic (NAZO), and open and closed cervix pyometra. The parameters were compared between animals present in both moments presented as M1R (bitches that were in M1 and M2) and M2. Statistical significance was considered when p < .05. The medians found for creatinine in M1 were as follows: 1.15 mg/dL, being 1.8 mg/dL for AZO (12/36) and 0.95 mg/dL for NAZO (24/36); and in M2: 0.85 mg/dL (16/16), being 1.15 mg/dL for AZO (4/16) and 0.8 mg/dL for NAZO (12/36). For urea, in M1 it was 36 mg/dL (32/36), with AZO being 103 mg/dL (11/32) and 33 mg/dL in NAZO (21/32); and in M2 32 mg/dL (16/ 16), being 29 mg/dL for AZO (4/36), and 31 mg/dL for NAZO (3/15). The median SDMA measured in M1R was 17 µg/dL (15/16), with AZO being 31 µg/dL (3/15), and NAZO being 16.5 µg/dL (12/15); and in M2, SDMA was 12 µg/dL (16/16), with AZO being 12.5 µg/dL (4/16), and NAZO being 12 µg/dL (12/16). The median UPC measured in M1 was 1.15 (10/36), with AZO being 0.25 (1/10), and NAZO being 1.38 (9/10); and in M2, it was 0.2 (13/16), being 0.1 in AZO (4/13), and 0.2 (9/16) in NAZO. For SBP, in M1, it was 118 mmHg (30/36), with AZO being 102 mmHg (10/30) and 133 mmHg in NAZO (20/30); and in M2 142.5 mmHg (12/16), being 155 mmHg for AZO (4/12), and 140 mg/dL for NAZO (8/12). When comparing animals with open and closed cervixes, a difference was found between SDMA measurements (p = .001). There was a distinction between PI and RI of the left and right kidneys consecutively (p = .007; p = .033; p = .019; p = .041). Correlations found in M1: SDMA × PI RIM DIR (r = 0.873; p = .002), SDMA × PSV RIM ESQ (r = 0.840; p = .004), SDMA × EDV RIM ESQ (r = 0.675; p = .046). With this study, we conclude a return to normality of renal biomarkers and clinical parameters after six months. Yet, there is a persistence of Doppler velocimetric measurements between the two moments. Thus, this parameter is not suitable for identifying and classifying chronic kidney injury in bitches with pyometra.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Endometrial , Piometra , Humanos , Animais , Feminino , Hiperplasia Endometrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Endometrial/veterinária , Piometra/veterinária , Creatinina , Rim , Biomarcadores , Ureia , Reologia
12.
PLoS One ; 19(1): e0295254, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38241329

RESUMO

Filling mining technology is an important representative technology to realize green and low-carbon mining. The backfill materials have distinct rheological characteristics under the long-term action of formation loads and groundwater seepage. In order to study the creep characteristics of backfill materials under different moisture contents and reveal their aging-mechanical properties, based on the Riemann-Liouville fractional calculus and damage mechanics theory, the fractional element and damage variables are introduced to improve the traditional Bingham model, and the fractional Bingham creep damage model is proposed. Based on the experimental data of gangue cemented backfill under different moisture content, the parameters of the creep model are obtained by using user-defined function fitting and the least square method. The results show that the improved Bingham fractional creep damage model can describe the whole creep process of backfill materials under different moisture contents, and the rationality of the model is verified. Compared with the traditional Bingham model, the fitting degree of the Bingham fractional creep damage model is higher, which solves the problem that the traditional Bingham model cannot describe the nonlinear creep stage. Model parameter α and ξ increase with the increase of axial stress and moisture content. Under the same moisture content, η gradually increases with the increase of axial stress. This work has a certain reference significance for studying the mechanical properties and creep constitutive model of backfill materials containing water.


Assuntos
Carbono , Água Subterrânea , Reologia , Tecnologia
13.
Soft Matter ; 20(6): 1173-1185, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38164656

RESUMO

Glycyrrhizic acid (GA), a naturally derived food-grade saponin molecule, is a promising alternative to synthetic surfactants for stabilizing multiphase systems including emulsions and foams, due to its biological activity and surface-active properties. Understanding the interfacial behavior of GA, particularly in relation to its complex self-assembly behaviors in water induced by multiple environmental stimuli, is crucial to its application in multiphase systems. In this study, we comprehensively investigate the interfacial structure and rheological properties of GA systems, as a function of pH and temperature, through Langmuir-Blodgett films combined with atomic force microscopy, interfacial particle tracking, adsorption kinetics, stress-relaxation behavior and interfacial dilatational rheology. The variation of solution pH provokes pronounced changes in the interfacial properties of GA. At pH 2 and 4, GA fibril aggregates/fibrils adsorb rapidly, followed by rearrangement into large lamellar and rod-like structures, forming a loose and heterogeneous fibrous network at the interface, which exhibit a stretchable gel-like behavior. In contrast, GA at pH 6 and 8, featuring micelles or monomers in solutions, adsorb slowly to the interface and re-assemble partially into small micelle-like or irregular structures, which lead to a dense and homogeneous interfacial layer with stiffer glassy-like responses. With successively elevated temperature, the GA structures (pH 4) at the interface break into smaller fragments and further adsorption is promoted. Upon cooling, the interfacial tension of GA further decreases and a highly elastic interfacial layer may be formed. The diverse GA assemblies in bulk solution impart them with rich and intriguing interfacial behaviors, which may provide valuable mechanistic insights for the development of novel edible soft matter stabilized by GA.


Assuntos
Ácido Glicirrízico , Água , Tensão Superficial , Propriedades de Superfície , Reologia , Emulsões , Água/química , Adsorção
14.
Soft Matter ; 20(8): 1736-1745, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38288734

RESUMO

Hydrogel microparticles ranging from 0.1-100 µm, referred to as microgels, are attractive for biological applications afforded by their injectability and modularity, which allows facile delivery of mixed populations for tailored combinations of therapeutics. Significant efforts have been made to broaden methods for microgel production including via the materials and chemistries by which they are made. Via droplet-based-microfluidics we have established a method for producing click poly-(ethylene)-glycol (PEG)-based microgels with or without chemically crosslinked liposomes (lipo-microgels) through the Michael-type addition reaction between thiol and either vinyl-sulfone or maleimide groups. Unifom spherical microgels and lipo-microgels were generated with sizes of 74 ± 16 µm and 82 ± 25 µm, respectively, suggesting injectability that was further supported by rheological analyses. Super-resolution confocal microscopy was used to further verify the presence of liposomes within the lipo-microgels and determine their distribution. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was conducted to compare the mechanical properties and network architecture of bulk hydrogels, microgels, and lipo-microgels. Further, encapsulation and release of model cargo (FITC-Dextran 5 kDa) and protein (equine myoglobin) showed sustained release for up to 3 weeks and retention of protein composition and secondary structure, indicating their ability to both protect and release cargos of interest.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Microgéis , Animais , Cavalos , Hidrogéis/química , Lipossomos , Microfluídica , Reologia
15.
Food Funct ; 15(4): 1977-1993, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38277180

RESUMO

The present study is designed to study the efficiency of plant-based hydrocolloids for the efficient clarification of sugarcane juice and subsequent production of non-centrifugal sugars (NCSs). NCSs are generally produced with lime or other inorganic solids as a clarification agent, often leading to products with a bland taste and dark color. This work is a first of its kind, where plant-based hydrocolloids such as starch, xanthan gum, and guar gum are used for clarification studies. Clarification efficiency was evaluated in terms of separation efficiency, turbidity removal, sucrose content, color transmittance, and rheology studies. Preliminary studies revealed that starch showed a better separation efficiency of 78% compared to other hydrocolloids, and further rheology studies of starch-clarified juice showed a favourable shear-thickening (dilatant, n = 1.382) behaviour, whereas the other two hydrocolloids showed an unfavourable shear-thinning (pseudo plastic, n < 0.9) behaviour. Eventually, starch was found to be a better clarification agent and is proposed as an alternative to lime-based clarification. Solidification studies were performed with starch at various concentrations (0.02-0.04%), pH (6.8-7.2), and temperature (80 °C-100 °C), and it was found that NCSs produced via starch clarification showed superior properties compared with traditional lime-based clarification processes.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Bengala , Coloides , Óxidos , Coloides/química , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/química , Amido/química , Reologia , Viscosidade
16.
Biomacromolecules ; 25(2): 1262-1273, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38288602

RESUMO

Biocompatible and functionalizable hydrogels have a wide range of (potential) medicinal applications. The hydrogelation process, particularly for systems with very low polymer weight percentages (<1 wt %), remains poorly understood, making it challenging to predict the self-assembly of a given molecular building block into a hydrogel. This severely hinders the rational design of self-assembled hydrogels. In this study, we demonstrate the impact of an N-terminal group on the self-assembly and rheology of the peptide hydrogel hFF03 (hydrogelating, fibril forming peptide 03) using molecular dynamics simulations, oscillatory shear rheology, and circular dichroism spectroscopy. We find that the chromophore and even its specific regioisomers have a significant influence on the microscopic structure and dynamics of the self-assembled fibril, and on the macroscopic mechanical properties. This is because the chromophore influences the possible salt bridges, which form and stabilize the fibril formation. Furthermore, we find that the solvation shell fibrils by itself cannot explain the viscoelasticity of hFF03 hydrogels. Our atomistic model of the hFF03 fibril formation enables a more rational design of these hydrogels. In particular, altering the N-terminal chromophore emerges as a design strategy to tune the mechanic properties of these self-assembled peptide hydrogels.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Peptídeos , Hidrogéis/química , Peptídeos/química , Polímeros , Reologia
17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 259(Pt 2): 129246, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38199553

RESUMO

A well-known method for reducing or swapping out undesirable and controversial fats in food is oleogelation. To quantify the effects of droplets-particle inclusion on the textural aspects of gelled systems, a thorough understanding of rheological behavior of oleogels (OGs) is necessary. Otherwise stated, a rational grasp of rheological characterization is essential for food development, optimization, and processing (when touching or putting food into the mouth, rheological flow qualities influence our perception). This narrative review primarily intends to investigate rheological and textural characteristics of various oleogelator-based OGs, such as operative connection between hardness, distortion, stresses, and rheological parameters like viscosity, elasticity, and viscoelasticity, as well as flow behavior and recovery. Expanding oleogelators concentration and synergistic interactions between them increase robustness and moduli values, as compared to single oleogelators. However, given the lack of information on the connection between the OGs' macroscopic rheological characteristics and their microstructural characteristics, this review presents state-of-the-art overview of various oleogelator-based OGs, highlighting the importance of structure-rheology relationships of OGs to provide advanced knowledge on the development of innovative OGs.


Assuntos
Compostos Orgânicos , Compostos Orgânicos/química , Reologia
18.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 259(Pt 2): 129342, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216009

RESUMO

The current study investigated the potential of utilizing wine lees extract (WLE) from red wine to enhance the sustainability and cost-effectiveness of xanthan gum (XG). A novel hydrogel system was successfully generated by cross-linking WLE and XG. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to thoroughly analyze the characteristics of this novel hydrogel to understand its behavior and possible applications. Consistency index (K), flow behavior index (n), water holding capacity (%), and oil binding capacity (%) of the cross-linked hydrogels were optimized, and the best formulation was determined to be 0.81 % XG + 0.67 % WLE and crosslink temperature of 47 °C. The addition of WLE (0-1 % w/v) to different concentrations of XG (0-1 % w/v) was found to have a notable impact on the rheological properties, but changes in cross-link temperature (45-65 °C) did not have a significant effect. The activation energy was increased by incorporating WLE at XG concentration above 0.5 %, indicating a more robust and stable structure. FTIR and SEM analyses confirmed the chemical bonding structure of the optimum hydrogel. Incorporating WLE could significantly improve the functional properties of XG hydrogels, allowing the development of healthier product formulations.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Vinho , Hidrogéis/química , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/química , Temperatura , Reologia
19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 259(Pt 2): 129344, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38218282

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the influence of incorporating Lepidium perfoliatum seed gum (LPSG) into wheat starch (WS) at various mixing ratios on its FTIR, DSC, steady and dynamic rheological properties, pasting attributes, syneresis, and particle size distributions characteristics. The interaction between WS and LPSG was purely based on hydrogen-bonding. It was found that the onset (To) and peak (Tp) temperatures of the LPSG-rich mixtures increased by 10 % and 8 %, respectively, while the enthalpy (ΔH) decreased by 70 % compared to WS. A higher LPSG ratio led to a decrease in the frequency dependence of storage modulus (G'), as well as an increase in the pseudoplasticity of the mixtures. The in-shear structural recovery test showed that the rate of recovery (R, %) increased with an increasing LPSG ratio. The pasting results demonstrated that the 9/1 ratio had the highest final viscosity and the lowest relative breakdown. Applying 1 to 5 freeze-thaw cycles resulted in a 50 % to 70 % decrease in syneresis for the 9/1 mixing ratio in comparison to WS, respectively. The incorporation of LPSG into WS resulted in higher static and dynamic magnitudes of yield stress, as well as an increase in particle size when compared to WS.


Assuntos
Lepidium , Amido , Amido/química , Lepidium/química , Triticum/química , Viscosidade , Sementes/química , Reologia
20.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 23(1): e13267, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38284586

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) printing has been applied to produce food products with intricate and fancy shapes. Dimensional quality, such as dimensional stability, surface smoothness, shape fidelity, and resolution, are essential for the attractive appearance of 3D-printed food. Various methods have been extensively studied and proposed to control the dimensional quality of printed foods, but few papers focused on comprehensively and deeply summarizing the key factors of the dimensional quality of printed products at each stage-before, during, and after printing-of the 3D printing process. Therefore, the effects of pretreatment, printing parameters and rheological properties, and cooking and storage on the dimensional quality of the printed foods are summarized, and solutions are also provided for improving the dimensional quality of the printed products at each step. Before printing, incorporating additives or applying physical, chemical, or biological pretreatments can improve the dimensional quality of carbohydrate-based, protein-based, or lipid-based printed food. During printing, controlling the printing parameters and modifying the rheological properties of inks can affect the shape of printed products. Furthermore, post-processing is essential for some printed foods. After printing, changing formulations, incorporating additives, and selecting post-processing methods and conditions may help achieve the desired shape of 3D-printed or 4D-printed products during cooking. Additives help in the storage stability of printed food. Finally, various opportunities have been proposed to regulate the dimensional properties of 3D-printed structures. This review provides detailed guidelines for researchers and users of 3D printers to produce various printed foods with the desired shapes and appearances.


Assuntos
Alimentos , Impressão Tridimensional , Culinária , Reologia
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