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1.
Cancer Radiother ; 23(6-7): 662-665, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473087

RESUMO

Chemoradiotherapy is now considered the standard of care for many locally advanced diseases. Cytotoxic drugs have been largely evaluated in this setting, with cisplatin and 5FU the most often used drugs. A large amount of pre-clinical studies has demonstrated the synergy between both modalities. Concomitant administration seems the more beneficial in many diseases. Emergence of new approaches, combining targeted therapies and radiotherapy (RT) is now a reality. The main example is the association of cetuximab and RT in head and neck carcinomas, even if, 14 years after the initial publication, the best way to use it is still unknown. New compounds as inhibitors of DNA-repair or immune checkpoints are under investigation and showed early promising results.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Quimiorradioterapia/tendências , Neoplasias/terapia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cetuximab/administração & dosagem , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Reparo do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Esquema de Medicação , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Órgãos em Risco/efeitos da radiação , Lesões por Radiação/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Tempo
2.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 4805-4810, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Ro 90-7501 has been reported as an inhibitor of the amyloid ß42 fibril assembly that is associated with Alzheimer's disease. The present study aimed to elucidate the radiosensitizing effects of Ro 90-7501 and focused on ATM signaling after irradiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clonogenic survival, apoptosis, and cell-cycle assays as well as western blotting were performed in HeLa cells treated with irradiation and Ro 90-7501. Tumor growth delay assay was also performed using BALB/c-nu mice. RESULTS: The combination of irradiation with Ro 90-7501 showed significant radiosensitizing effects in clonogenic survival and tumor growth delay assays. Ro 90-7501 significantly increased apoptosis and impaired cell cycle after irradiation. Western blotting showed that Ro 90-7501 suppressed the phosphorylation of ATM and its downstream proteins, such as H2AX, Chk1, and Chk2, after irradiation. CONCLUSION: Ro 90-7501 inhibits DNA damage response by inhibiting ATM and has significant radiosensitizing effects on cervical cancer cells.


Assuntos
Aminas/farmacologia , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/metabolismo , Benzimidazóis/farmacologia , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos da radiação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Reparo do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Modelos Biológicos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
3.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1152: 9-29, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456177

RESUMO

Epidemiologic studies have contributed importantly to current knowledge of environmental and genetic risk factors for breast cancer. Worldwide, breast cancer is an important cause of human suffering and premature mortality among women. In the United States, breast cancer accounts for more cancer deaths in women than any site other than lung cancer. A variety of risk factors for breast cancer have been well-established by epidemiologic studies including race, ethnicity, family history of cancer, and genetic traits, as well as modifiable exposures such as increased alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, exogenous hormones, and certain female reproductive factors. Younger age at menarche, parity, and older age at first full-term pregnancy may influence breast cancer risk through long-term effects on sex hormone levels or by other biological mechanisms. Recent studies have suggested that triple negative breast cancers may have a distinct etiology. Genetic variants and mutations in genes that code for proteins having a role in DNA repair pathways and the homologous recombination of DNA double stranded breaks (APEX1, BRCA1, BRCA2, XRCC2, XRCC3, ATM, CHEK2, PALB2, RAD51, XPD), have been implicated in some cases of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Reparo do DNA , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Recombinação Homóloga , Humanos , Mutação , Gravidez , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/etiologia
5.
Gene ; 717: 144043, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400407

RESUMO

Genes involved in the repair of DNA damage are emerging as playing important roles during the disease processes caused by pathogenic fungi. However, there are potentially hundreds of genes involved in DNA repair in a fungus and some of those genes can play additional roles within the cell. One such gene is RAD23, required for virulence of the human pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans, that encodes a protein involved in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway. However, Rad23 is a dual function protein, with a role in either repair of damaged DNA or protein turn over by directing proteins to the proteasome. Here, these two functions of Rad23 were tested by the creation of a series of domain deletion alleles of RAD23 and the assessment of the strains for DNA repair, proteasome functions, and virulence properties. Deletion of the different domains was able to uncouple the two functions of Rad23, and the phenotypes of strains carrying such forms indicated that the role of RAD23 in virulence is due to its function in proteasomal-mediated protein degradation rather than NER.


Assuntos
Cryptococcus neoformans/genética , Cryptococcus neoformans/patogenicidade , Reparo do DNA/fisiologia , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Larva/microbiologia , Mariposas/microbiologia , Mutação , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Domínios Proteicos , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Virulência
6.
Cancer Radiother ; 23(6-7): 666-673, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451357

RESUMO

The impact of curative radiotherapy depends mainly on the total dose delivered homogenously in the target volume. Tumor sensitivity to radiotherapy may be particularly inconstant depending on location, histology, somatic genetic parameters and the capacity of the immune system to infiltrate the tumor. In addition, the dose delivered to the surrounding healthy tissues may reduce the therapeutic ratio of many radiation treatments. In a same population treated in one center with the same technique, it appears that individual radiosensitivity clearly exists, namely in terms of late side effects that are in principle non-reversible. This review details the different radiobiological approaches that have been developed to better predict the tumor response but also the radiation-induced late effects.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/radioterapia , Órgãos em Risco/efeitos da radiação , Tolerância a Radiação , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Células Sanguíneas/efeitos da radiação , Reparo do DNA/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias/genética , Especificidade de Órgãos , Prognóstico , Proteômica , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16541, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393355

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Previous investigations yielded inconsistent results for the associations between pancreatic cancer (PC) risk and genetic polymorphisms. The study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies exploring association of some genetic polymorphisms and PC risk. METHODS: We systematically searched on PubMed and Web of Science for association of genetic polymorphisms and PC risk published from 1969 to January 2019. We computed the multivariate odd ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), comparing different genetic types. RESULTS: The present meta-analysis showed significant associations between deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair gene (X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) Arg399GIn and Arg194Trp, excision repair cross complementation 1 (ERCC1) rs11615 and rs3212986, ERCC2 rs13181) polymorphisms and PC risk. CONCLUSIONS: Because of the limited sample size and ethnicity enrolled in the present meta-analysis, further larger scaled studies should be performed to demonstrate the association.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , DNA Glicosilases/genética , Reparo do DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Endonucleases/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteína 1 Complementadora Cruzada de Reparo de Raio-X/genética , Proteína Grupo D do Xeroderma Pigmentoso/genética
8.
Gene ; 715: 144008, 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362038

RESUMO

Deinococcus radiodurans is a model microorganism used for studies on DNA repair and antioxidation due to its extraordinary tolerance to ionizing radiation and other DNA-damaging agents. Various transcriptome analyses have revealed that hundreds of genes are induced and that many other genes are repressed during recovery of D. radiodurans following irradiation, suggesting that gene regulation is of great importance for the extreme resistance of this microorganism to ionizing radiation. In this article, we focus on some reported strategies that are employed by D. radiodurans to regulate the genes implicated in its extreme tolerance to ionizing radiation for a comprehensive understanding of the reasons this bacterium can survive such extraordinary stress. We expect this review to shed light on potential radioprotective agents and applications for use in a range of fields.


Assuntos
Reparo do DNA/efeitos da radiação , DNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Deinococcus/metabolismo , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Tolerância a Radiação , Radiação Ionizante , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Dano ao DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Deinococcus/genética
9.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(31): 17072-17081, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313765

RESUMO

The repair of sun-induced DNA lesions by photolyases is driven by a photoinduced electron transfer from a fully reduced FAD to the damaged DNA. A chain of several aromatic residues connecting FAD to solvent ensures the prior photoreduction of the FAD cofactor. In PhrA, a class III CPD photolyase, two branching tryptophan charge transfer pathways have been characterized. According to previous experiments, both pathways play a role in the FAD photoreduction. To provide a molecular insight to the charge transfer abilities of both pathways, we perform multiscales simulations where the protein motion and the positive charge are simultaneously propagated. Our computational approach reveals that one pathway drives a very fast charge transfer whereas the other pathway provides a very good thermodynamic stabilization of the positive charge. During the simulations, the positive charge firstly moves on the fast triad, while a reorganization of the close FAD˙- environment occurs. Then, backward transfers can lead to the propagation of the positive charge on the second pathway. After one nanosecond, we observe a nearly equal probability to find the charge at ending tryptophan of either pathway; eventually the charge distribution will likely evolve towards a charge stabilization on the last tryptophan of the slowest pathway. Our results highlight the role the protein environment, which manages the association of a kinetic and a thermodynamic pathways to trigger a fast and efficient FAD photoreduction.


Assuntos
Reparo do DNA , Desoxirribodipirimidina Fotoliase/química , Modelos Moleculares , Transporte de Elétrons , Flavina-Adenina Dinucleotídeo/química , Cinética , Oxirredução , Processos Fotoquímicos , Conformação Proteica , Termodinâmica , Triptofano/química
10.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 20(1): 391, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307385

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Asymmetry during cellular division, both in the uneven partitioning of damaged cellular components and of cell volume, is a cell biological phenomenon experienced by many unicellular organisms. Previous work based on a deterministic model claimed that such asymmetry in the partitioning of cell volume and of aging-associated damage confers a fitness benefit in avoiding clonal senescence, primarily by diversifying the cellular population. However, clonal populations of unicellular organisms are already naturally diversified due to the inherent stochasticity of biological processes. RESULTS: Applying a model of aging cells that accounts for natural cell-to-cell variations across a broad range of parameter values, here we show that the parameters directly controlling the accumulation and repair of damage are the most important factors affecting fitness and clonal senescence, while the effects of both segregation of damaged components and division asymmetry are frequently minimal and generally context-dependent. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that damage segregation and division asymmetry, perhaps counterintuitively, are not necessarily beneficial from an evolutionary perspective.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Modelos Biológicos , Animais , Divisão Celular , Dano ao DNA , Reparo do DNA , Células Germinativas/citologia , Células Germinativas/metabolismo , Humanos , Processos Estocásticos
11.
Molecules ; 24(13)2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288414

RESUMO

Due to their sedentary lifestyle, plants are constantly exposed to different stress stimuli. Stress comes in variety of forms where factors like radiation, free radicals, "replication errors, polymerase slippage", and chemical mutagens result in genotoxic or cytotoxic damage. In order to face "the base oxidation or DNA replication stress", plants have developed many sophisticated mechanisms. One of them is the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) pathway. The main part of the MMR is the MutS homologue (MSH) protein family. The genome of Arabidopsis thaliana encodes at least seven homologues of the MSH family: AtMSH1, AtMSH2, AtMSH3, AtMSH4, AtMSH5, AtMSH6, and AtMSH7. Despite their importance, the functions of AtMSH homologs have not been investigated. In this work, bioinformatics tools were used to obtain a better understanding of MSH-mediated DNA repair mechanisms in Arabidopsis thaliana and to understand the additional biological roles of AtMSH family members. In silico analysis, including phylogeny tracking, prediction of 3D structure, interactome analysis, and docking site prediction, suggested interactions with proteins were important for physiological development of A. thaliana. The MSH homologs extensively interacted with both TIL1 and TIL2 (DNA polymerase epsilon catalytic subunit), proteins involved in cell fate determination during plant embryogenesis and involved in flowering time repression. Additionally, interactions with the RECQ protein family (helicase enzymes) and proteins of nucleotide excision repair pathway were detected. Taken together, the results presented here confirm the important role of AtMSH proteins in mismatch repair and suggest important new physiological roles.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Proteínas MutS/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/química , Sítios de Ligação , Simulação por Computador , Dano ao DNA , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA , Reparo do DNA , Replicação do DNA , Proteínas MutS/química , Conformação Proteica
12.
J Environ Radioact ; 208-209: 106012, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323602

RESUMO

Previous studies evidenced the critical role of the mismatch repair system in DNA damage recognition, cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and DNA repair. MLH1 and MSH2 genes belong to repairing complexes of mismatch repair system. The side effects of ionizing radiation on the human health were proved, but researches on the inhabitants of high background radiation areas, with extra-ordinary radiation exposure, showed that the prevalence of cancer or radiation-related diseases is not significantly higher than normal background areas. The city of Ramsar, in northern Iran, has the highest level of natural background radiation in the world and in this study, we aimed to evaluate the expression of MLH1 and MSH2 genes among the inhabitants of high background radiation areas of Ramsar compared to normal background radiation areas. In the present study, 60 blood sample from high and normal background inhabitants were collected and we MLH1, and MSH2 genes expressions in residents of high background radiation area compared with normal background radiation area were evaluated by Quantitative Real-Time PCR. Our results showed a significant upregulation of MLH1 in residents of high background radiation area. Also, there is a significant association between MLH1 and MSH2 gene expression in both sexes. Also, the increased expression of MLH1 in HBRA is notable. There is an increased expression of MLH1 in age above 50 and a decreased expression of MSH2 in ages under 50 years (P < 0.0001). These findings are suggesting the triggering of Mismatch Repair system in response to high-level of natural background radiation.


Assuntos
Radiação de Fundo , Proteína 1 Homóloga a MutL/genética , Proteína 2 Homóloga a MutS/genética , Exposição à Radiação/análise , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA , Reparo do DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Anticancer Res ; 39(6): 3241-3248, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The effects of oxidative stress on various carcinomas were reported in previous studies, but those in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) have not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was, thus, to reveal the effects of oxidative DNA damage and repair enzymes on ICC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The levels of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and 8-OHdG DNA glycosylase (OGG1) were immunohistochemically evaluated in specimens resected from 63 patients with ICC. RESULTS: Low OGG1 expression was related to tumour depth T4 (p=0.04), venous invasion (p=0.0005), lymphatic vessel invasion (p=0.03), and perineural invasion (p=0.03). Compared to the high-OGG1-expression group, patients with low OGG1 expression had a significantly poorer prognosis (overall survival: p=0.04, recurrence-free survival: p=0.02). Unlike for OGG1, the expression levels of 8-OHdG showed no association with prognosis. CONCLUSION: Oxidative DNA damage and DNA repair enzymes may be closely related to ICC progression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/enzimologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Colangiocarcinoma/enzimologia , DNA Glicosilases/análise , Reparo do DNA , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/mortalidade , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/terapia , Colangiocarcinoma/mortalidade , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/terapia , Dano ao DNA , Desoxiguanosina/análogos & derivados , Desoxiguanosina/análise , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Oxidativo , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2491, 2019 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171785

RESUMO

Genetic factors underlying leukocyte telomere length (LTL) may provide insights into telomere homeostasis, with direct links to disease susceptibility. Genetic evaluation of 23,096 Singaporean Chinese samples identifies 10 genome-wide loci (P < 5 × 10-8). Several of these contain candidate genes (TINF2, PARP1, TERF1, ATM and POT1) with potential roles in telomere biology and DNA repair mechanisms. Meta-analyses with additional 37,505 European individuals reveals six more genome-wide loci, including associations at MPHOSPH6, NKX2-3 and TYMS. We demonstrate that longer LTL associates with protection against respiratory disease mortality [HR = 0.854(0.804-0.906), P = 1.88 × 10-7] in the Singaporean Chinese samples. We further show that the LTL reducing SNP rs7253490 associates with respiratory infections (P = 7.44 × 10-4) although this effect may not be strongly mediated through LTL. Our data expands on the genetic basis of LTL and may indicate on a potential role of LTL in immune competence.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Reparo do DNA/genética , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Homeostase do Telômero/genética , Telômero/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecções Respiratórias/genética , Singapura , Adulto Jovem
16.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2535, 2019 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182712

RESUMO

Rif1 is involved in telomere homeostasis, DNA replication timing, and DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair pathway choice from yeast to human. The molecular mechanisms that enable Rif1 to fulfill its diverse roles remain to be determined. Here, we demonstrate that Rif1 is S-acylated within its conserved N-terminal domain at cysteine residues C466 and C473 by the DHHC family palmitoyl acyltransferase Pfa4. Rif1 S-acylation facilitates the accumulation of Rif1 at DSBs, the attenuation of DNA end-resection, and DSB repair by non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ). These findings identify S-acylation as a posttranslational modification regulating DNA repair. S-acylated Rif1 mounts a localized DNA-damage response proximal to the inner nuclear membrane, revealing a mechanism of compartmentalized DSB repair pathway choice by sequestration of a fatty acylated repair factor at the inner nuclear membrane.


Assuntos
Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Reparo do DNA por Junção de Extremidades , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Telômeros/genética , Acilação , Reparo do DNA , Membrana Nuclear/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Telômeros/metabolismo
17.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2556, 2019 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31186408

RESUMO

Senescence is a tumor suppression mechanism defined by stable proliferation arrest. Here we demonstrate that the known synthetic lethal interaction between poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 inhibitors (PARPi) and DNA repair triggers p53-independent ovarian cancer cell senescence defined by senescence-associated phenotypic hallmarks including DNA-SCARS, inflammatory secretome, Bcl-XL-mediated apoptosis resistance, and proliferation restriction via Chk2 and p21 (CDKN1A). The concept of senescence as irreversible remains controversial and here we show that PARPi-senescent cells re-initiate proliferation upon drug withdrawal, potentially explaining the requirement for sustained PARPi therapy in the clinic. Importantly, PARPi-induced senescence renders ovarian and breast cancer cells transiently susceptible to second-phase synthetic lethal approaches targeting the senescence state using senolytic drugs. The combination of PARPi and a senolytic is effective in preclinical models of ovarian and breast cancer suggesting that coupling these synthetic lethalities provides a rational approach to their clinical use and may together be more effective in limiting resistance.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Senescência Celular , Reparo do DNA , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/farmacologia , Mutações Sintéticas Letais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico
18.
Nat Med ; 25(6): 890-897, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160821

RESUMO

Monogenic disorders occur at a high frequency in human populations and are commonly inherited through the germline. Unfortunately, once the mutation has been transmitted to a child, only limited treatment options are available in most cases. However, means of correcting disease-causing nuclear and mitochondrial DNA mutations in gametes or preimplantation embryos have now been developed and are commonly referred to as germline gene therapy (GGT). We will discuss these novel strategies and provide a path forward for safe, high-efficiency GGT that may provide a promising new paradigm for preventing the passage of deleterious genes from parent to child.


Assuntos
Doenças Genéticas Inatas/genética , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/terapia , Terapia Genética/métodos , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Criança , Reparo do DNA , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Conversão Gênica , Terapia Genética/ética , Terapia Genética/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Masculino , Terapia de Substituição Mitocondrial , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Implantação , Segurança
19.
J Cell Biol ; 218(7): 2075-2076, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189608

RESUMO

The close interplay between DNA replication and repair is underscored by a report from Chen et al. (2019. J. Cell Biol. https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201808134) in this issue. The authors demonstrate that the non-homologous end-joining factor XLF promotes the stability of replication forks.


Assuntos
Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Reparo do DNA por Junção de Extremidades , Reparo do DNA
20.
Chemistry ; 25(47): 11085-11097, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31219221

RESUMO

Naphthalene diimide (NDI) dyads exhibiting a different substitution pattern and linker length have been synthesised and evaluated as G-quadruplex (G4) ligands, by investigating their cytotoxicity in selected cell lines. The dyads with the long C7 linker exhibit extremely low IC50 values, below 10 nm, on different cancer cell lines. Contrary, the dyads with the shorter C4 linker were much less effective, with IC values increasing up to 1 µm. Among the three dyads with the longest linker, small differences in the IC50 values emerge, suggesting that the linker length plays a more important role than the substitution pattern. We have further shown that the dyads are able to induce cellular DNA damage response, which is not limited to the telomeric regions and is likely the origin of their cytotoxicity. Both absorption titration and dynamic light scattering of the most cytotoxic dyads in the presence of hTel22 highlight their ability to induce effective G4 aggregation, acting as non-covalent cross-linking agents.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Reparo do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Quadruplex G , Imidas/farmacologia , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Imidas/síntese química , Imidas/química , Ligantes , Metáfase/efeitos dos fármacos , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Naftalenos/síntese química , Naftalenos/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-kit/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-kit/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Telômero/efeitos dos fármacos , Telômero/metabolismo
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