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1.
Epigenetics ; 19(1): 2333660, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564759

RESUMO

DNA methylation (DNAm) plays a crucial role in a number of complex diseases. However, the reliability of DNAm levels measured using Illumina arrays varies across different probes. Previous research primarily assessed probe reliability by comparing duplicate samples between the 450k-450k or 450k-EPIC platforms, with limited investigations on Illumina EPIC v1.0 arrays. We conducted a comprehensive assessment of the EPIC v1.0 array probe reliability using 69 blood DNA samples, each measured twice, generated by the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative study. We observed higher reliability in probes with average methylation beta values of 0.2 to 0.8, and lower reliability in type I probes or those within the promoter and CpG island regions. Importantly, we found that probe reliability has significant implications in the analyses of Epigenome-wide Association Studies (EWAS). Higher reliability is associated with more consistent effect sizes in different studies, the identification of differentially methylated regions (DMRs) and methylation quantitative trait locus (mQTLs), and significant correlations with downstream gene expression. Moreover, blood DNAm measurements obtained from probes with higher reliability are more likely to show concordance with brain DNAm measurements. Our findings, which provide crucial reliability information for probes on the EPIC v1.0 array, will serve as a valuable resource for future DNAm studies.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ilhas de CpG
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7755, 2024 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565929

RESUMO

Cellulose-degrading microorganisms hold immense significance in utilizing cellulose resources efficiently. The screening of natural cellulase bacteria and the optimization of fermentation conditions are the hot spots of research. This study meticulously screened cellulose-degrading bacteria from mixed soil samples adopting a multi-step approach, encompassing preliminary culture medium screening, Congo red medium-based re-screening, and quantification of cellulase activity across various strains. Particularly, three robust cellulase-producing strains were identified: A24 (MT740356.1 Brevibacillus borstelensis), A49 (MT740358.1 Bacillus cereus), and A61 (MT740357.1 Paenibacillus sp.). For subsequent cultivation experiments, the growth curves of the three obtained isolates were monitored diligently. Additionally, optimal CMCase production conditions were determined, keeping CMCase activity as a key metric, through a series of single-factor experiments: agitation speed, cultivation temperature, unit medium concentration, and inoculum volume. Maximum CMCase production was observed at 150 rpm/37 °C, doubling the unit medium addition, and a 5 mL inoculation volume. Further optimization was conducted using the selected isolate A49 employing response surface methodology. The software model recommended a 2.21fold unit medium addition, 36.11 °C temperature, and 4.91 mL inoculant volume for optimal CMCase production. Consequently, three parallel experiments were conducted based on predicted conditions consistently yielding an average CMCase production activity of 15.63 U/mL, closely aligning with the predicted value of 16.41 U/mL. These findings validated the reliability of the model and demonstrated the effectiveness of optimized CMCase production conditions for isolate A49.


Assuntos
Celulase , Paenibacillus , Bacillus cereus/metabolismo , Celulose/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Celulase/metabolismo , Paenibacillus/metabolismo , Fermentação
4.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 251, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Quick Delay Questionnaire (QDQ) is a short questionnaire designed to assess delay-related difficulties in adults. This study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the QDQ (C-QDQ) in Chinese adults, and explore the ecological characteristics of delay-related impulsivity in Chinese adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Data was collected from 302 adults, including ADHD (n = 209) and healthy controls (HCs) (n = 93). All participants completed the C-QDQ. The convergent validity, internal consistency, retest reliability and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of the C-QDQ were analyzed. The correlations between C-QDQ and two laboratory measures of delay-related difficulties and Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11), the comparison of C-QDQ scores between ADHD subgroups and HCs were also analyzed. RESULTS: The Cronbach's α of C-QDQ was between 0.83 and 0.89. The intraclass correlation coefficient of C-QDQ was between 0.80 and 0.83. The results of CFA of C-QDQ favoured the original two-factor model (delay aversion and delay discounting). Significant positive associations were found between C-QDQ scores and BIS-11 total score and performance on the laboratory measure of delay-related difficulties. Participants with ADHD had higher C-QDQ scores than HCs, and female ADHD reported higher scores on delay discounting subscale than male. ADHD-combined type (ADHD-C) reported higher scores on delay aversion subscale than ADHD-inattention type (ADHD-I). CONCLUSION: The C-QDQ is a valid and reliable tool to measure delay-related responses that appears to have clinical utility. It can present the delay-related impulsivity of patients with ADHD. Compared to HCs, the level of reward-delay impulsivity was higher in ADHD.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/diagnóstico , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Comportamento Impulsivo , Recompensa , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 410, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of medical health applications (mHealth apps) by patients, caregivers, and physicians is widespread. mHealth apps are often employed by physicians to quickly access professional knowledge, guide treatment, easily retrieve medical records, and monitor and manage patients. This study sought to characterize the use of mHealth apps among primary care physicians (PCPs) in Israel. The reasons for using apps and barriers to their use were also investigated. METHODS: From all MHS' PCPs, we randomly selected 700 PCPs and invited them to complete a questionnaire regarding the use of mHealth apps and attitudes toward them. RESULTS: From August 2020 to December 2020, 191 physicians completed the questionnaire (response rate 27.3%). 68.0% of PCPs reported using mHealth apps. Telemedicine service apps were the most frequently used. Medical calculators (used for clinical scoring) and differential diagnosis apps were the least frequently used. The most common reason for mHealth app use was accessibility, followed by time saved and a sense of information reliability. Among infrequent users of apps, the most common barriers reported were unfamiliarity with relevant apps and preference for using a computer. Concerns regarding information reliability were rarely reported by PCPs. Physician gender and seniority were not related to mHealth app use. Physician age was related to the use of mHealth apps. CONCLUSIONS: mHealth apps are widely used by PCPs in this study, regardless of physician gender or seniority. Information from mHealth apps is considered reliable by PCPs. The main barrier to app use is unfamiliarity with relevant apps and preference for computer use.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Médicos de Atenção Primária , Telemedicina , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Israel , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
6.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 22(1): 31, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The quality of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) used to assess the outcomes of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), a common endocrine disorder that can negatively affect patients' health-related quality of life due to chronic symptoms, has not been rigorously examined. This systematic review aimed to summarize and evaluate evidence on the measurement properties of PROMs used in adult patients with PHPT, and to provide recommendations for appropriate measure selection. METHODS: After PROSPERO registration (CRD42023438287), Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL Complete, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Trials were searched for full-text articles in English investigating PROM development, pilot studies, or evaluation of at least one PROM measurement property in adult patients with any clinical form of PHPT. Two reviewers independently identified studies for inclusion and conducted the review following the Consensus-Based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) Methodology to assess risk of bias, evaluate the quality of measurement properties, and grade the certainty of evidence. RESULTS: From 4989 records, nine PROM development or validation studies were identified for three PROMs: the SF-36, PAS, and PHPQoL. Though the PAS demonstrated sufficient test-retest reliability and convergent validity, and the PHPQoL sufficient test-retest reliability, convergent validity, and responsiveness, the certainty of evidence was low-to-very low due to risk of bias. All three PROMs lacked sufficient evidence for content validity in patients with PHPT. CONCLUSIONS: Based upon the available evidence, the SF-36, PAS, and PHPQoL cannot currently be recommended for use in research or clinical care, raising important questions about the conclusions of studies using these PROMs. Further validation studies or the development of more relevant PROMs with strong measurement properties for this patient population are needed.


Assuntos
Hiperparatireoidismo Primário , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Consenso
7.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 260, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frozen Shoulder (FS) is a painful condition characterized by severe pain and progressive restriction of shoulder movement, leading to functional impairment and reduced quality of life. While different Patient Reported Outcome Measurements (PROMs) tools exist for assessing shoulder diseases, few specific PROMs are validated for FS patients. PURPOSE: This study aims to assess the psychometric properties of the Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire in FS patients. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-four subjects (mean ± SD age = 55.4 ± 7.9 years; 55.6% female) diagnosed with FS were included and completed the DASH questionnaire, the Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), and the Short-Form Health Survey 36 (SF-36). Floor or ceiling effects were investigated. Structural validity was analysed through a unidimensional Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), internal consistency through Cronbach's alpha, test-retest reliability through the Intraclass Correlation coefficient (ICC), measurement error through the Standard Error of Measurement (SEM), and the Minimum Detectable Change (MDC), and construct validity through the hypothesis testing with the correlation with the other outcome measures used. RESULTS: No floor or ceiling effects were observed. CFA confirmed a one-factor structure after addressing local item dependency (Root Mean Square Error of Approximation = 0.055; Standardized Root Mean Square Residual = 0.077; Comparative Fit Index = 0.970; Tucker-Lewis Index = 0.968). Cronbach's alpha was high (= 0.951), and test-retest reliability was excellent (ICC = 0.999; 95% CI: 0.998-1.000). SEM was equal to 0.5 points, and MDC to 1.5 points. Construct validity was considered satisfactory as 80% of the a-priori hypotheses were met. CONCLUSION: The DASH questionnaire demonstrated good psychometric properties in FS patients, supporting its use as a valuable tool for assessing the impact of FS in clinical and research settings.


Assuntos
Bursite , Ombro , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Braço , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Qualidade de Vida , Dor de Ombro/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Bursite/diagnóstico , Avaliação da Deficiência
8.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 89, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A standardized national approach to routinely assessing palliative care patients helps improve patient outcomes. However, a quality improvement program-based on person centered outcomes within palliative care is lacking in Mainland China. The well-established Australian Palliative Care Outcome Collaboration (PCOC) national model improves palliative care quality. This study aimed to culturally adapt and validate three measures that form part of the PCOC program for palliative care clinical practice in China: The PCOC Symptom Assessment Scale (PCOC SAS), Palliative Care Problem Severity Scale (PCPSS), Palliative Care Phase. METHODS: A study was conducted on cross-cultural adaptation and validation of PCOC SAS, PCPSS and Palliative Care Phase, involving translation methods, cognitive interviewing, and psychometric testing through paired assessments. RESULTS: Cross-cultural adaptation highlighted the need to strengthen the link between the patient's care plan and the outcome measures to improve outcomes, and the concept of distress in PCOC SAS. Analysis of 368 paired assessments (n = 135 inpatients, 22 clinicians) demonstrated that the PCOC SAS and PCPSS had good and acceptable coherence (Cronbach's a = 0.85, 0.75 respectively). Palliative Care Phase detected patients' urgent needs. PCOC SAS and PCPSS showed fair discriminant and concurrent validity. Inter-rater reliability was fair for Palliative Care Phase (k = 0.31) and PCPSS (k = 0.23-0.30), except for PCPSS-pain, which was moderate (k = 0.53). CONCLUSIONS: The Chinese version of PCOC SAS, PCPSS, and Palliative Care Phase can be used to assess outcomes as part of routine clinical practice in Mainland China. Comprehensive clinical education regarding the assessment tools is necessary to help improve the inter-rater reliability.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Austrália , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
AAPS J ; 26(3): 39, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570385

RESUMO

A well-documented pharmacometric (PMx) analysis dataset specification ensures consistency in derivations of the variables, naming conventions, traceability to the source data, and reproducibility of the analysis dataset. Lack of standards in creating the dataset specification can lead to poor quality analysis datasets, negatively impacting the quality of the PMx analysis. Standardization of the dataset specification within an individual organization helps address some of these inconsistencies. The recent introduction of the Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium (CDISC) Analysis Data Model (ADaM) Population Pharmacokinetic (popPK) Implementation Guide (IG) further promotes industry-wide standards by providing guidelines for the basic data structure of popPK analysis datasets. However, manual implementation of the standards can be labor intensive and error-prone. Hence, there is still a need to automate the implementation of these standards. In this paper, we present PmWebSpec, an easily deployable web-based application to facilitate the creation and management of CDISC-compliant PMx analysis dataset specifications. We describe the application of this tool through examples and highlight its key features including pre-populated dataset specifications, built-in checks to enforce standards, and generation of an electronic Common Technical Document (eCTD)-compliant data definition file. The application increases efficiency, quality and semi-automates PMx analysis dataset, and specification creation and has been well accepted by pharmacometricians and programmers internally. The success of this application suggests its potential for broader usage across the PMx community.


Assuntos
Software , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Padrões de Referência
10.
Clin Ter ; 175(2): 118-124, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571469

RESUMO

Background: In literature there is a lack of specific evaluation tools for behavior in intellectual disabilities in general and during an activity, this is one of the most important field of the Occupational Therapy intervention. Objective: Authors developed an Italian version of the Occupational Therapy Task Observation Scale (OTTOS) and an Italian version of the Comprehensive Occupational Therapy Evaluation Scale (COTES) and examined their reliability and validity. Methods: The original scales were translated from English to Italian using the "Translation and Cultural Adaptation of Patient Reported Outcomes Measures-Principles of Good Practice" guidelines. Both scales were administered to adults with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities. People under eighteen years, with severe and profound intellectual disabilities and deaf people were excluded from the study. Their reliability and validity have been examined. Relia-bility was analyzed via internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) and stability (intra/inter-rater coefficient), while validity was investigated via construct validity (p-value) and criterion validity using Pearson's correlation coefficients between them and with the Mini Mental State Examination and the Barthel Index Scale. Results: The OTTOS and the COTES were administered to 30 subjects. Cronbach's α for the COTES was 0,91 and Cronbach's α for the OTTOS was 0,92. Regarding the criterion of validity, the two scales have numerous statistically positive correlations, particularly with the Mini Mental State Examination in the Orientation and total part. Furthermore, the correlation with the Barthel scale is present in the total scores, the COTES's third subscale, and the OTTOS's first. Conclusions: The OTTOS and the COTES were reliable and valid outcome measures for assessing behavior in the Italian population.


Assuntos
Deficiência Intelectual , Terapia Ocupacional , Adulto , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Psicometria , Itália , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Ups J Med Sci ; 1292024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571888

RESUMO

Background: The Swedish Universities Scales of Personality (SSP) is a personality measurement tool with a short test battery of high psychometric quality, previously not availiable in Japanese. Methods: We translated the SSP into Japanese and administered it to 103 Japanese nationals. For 11 of the 13 SSP scales in the Japanese version of the SSP (SSP-J11), the Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.50 to 0.82 with good internal scale reliability. Results: A principal factor analysis replicated the previous work by identifying the same three principal dimensions of Neuroticism, Aggression, and Extraversion factors. Conclusion: The resulting three-factor SSP-J11 shows acceptable reliability and should provide informative insights about personality traits in research and clinical practice in a Japanese context.


Assuntos
Personalidade , Suécia , Universidades , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Japão , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1290504, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571961

RESUMO

Organoids present substantial potential for pushing forward preclinical research and personalized medicine by accurately recapitulating tissue and tumor heterogeneity in vitro. However, the lack of standardized protocols for cancer organoid culture has hindered reproducibility. This paper comprehensively reviews the current challenges associated with cancer organoid culture and highlights recent multidisciplinary advancements in the field with a specific focus on standardizing liver cancer organoid culture. We discuss the non-standardized aspects, including tissue sources, processing techniques, medium formulations, and matrix materials, that contribute to technical variability. Furthermore, we emphasize the need to establish reproducible platforms that accurately preserve the genetic, proteomic, morphological, and pharmacotypic features of the parent tumor. At the end of each section, our focus shifts to organoid culture standardization in primary liver cancer. By addressing these challenges, we can enhance the reproducibility and clinical translation of cancer organoid systems, enabling their potential applications in precision medicine, drug screening, and preclinical research.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Proteômica , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Organoides
13.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1260966, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572477

RESUMO

Background: There are few research findings on the survival prognosis of spindle cell melanoma (SCM), which is an unusual kind of melanoma. The purpose of this study was to develop a thorough nomogram for predicting the overall survival (OS) of patients with SCM and to assess its validity by comparing it with the conventional American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system. Methods: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was searched, and 2,015 patients with SCM were selected for the analysis. The patients were randomly divided into training (n = 1,410) and validation (n = 605) cohorts by using R software. Multivariate Cox regression was performed to identify predictive factors. A nomogram was established based on these characteristics to predict OS in SCM. The calibration curve, concordance index (C-index), area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, and decision-curve analysis were utilized to assess the accuracy and reliability of the model. The net reclassification improvement and integrated discrimination improvement were also applied in this model to evaluate its differences with the AJCC model. Results: The developed nomogram suggests that race, AJCC stage, chemotherapy status, regional node examination status, marital status, and sex have the greatest effects on OS in SCM. The nomogram had a higher C-index than the AJCC staging system (0.751 versus 0.633 in the training cohort and 0.747 versus 0.650 in the validation cohort). Calibration plots illustrated that the model was capable of being calibrated. These criteria demonstrated that the nomogram outperforms the AJCC staging system alone. Conclusion: The nomogram developed in this study is sufficiently reliable for forecasting the risk and prognosis of SCM, which may facilitate personalized treatment recommendations in upcoming clinical trials.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Nomogramas , Humanos , Prognóstico , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Pesquisa
14.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; 38(11): e9738, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572671

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Accurate identification of old rice samples from new ones benefits their market circulation and consumers. However, the current detection methods are still not satisfactory because of their insufficient accuracy or (and) time-consuming process. METHODS: Chelating carboxylic acids (CCAs) were selectively extracted from rice, by stirring with chelating resin and a dilute Na2CO3 solution. The green analytical chemistry guidelines for sample preparation were investigated by using the green chemistry calculator AGREE prep. The extractant was determined by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS), and statistical analysis of the analytical data was carried out to evaluate the significance of the difference by ChiPlot. RESULTS: The limit of quantitation for the CCAs is in the range of 1 to 50 ng/mL, with a reasonable reproducibility. The CCAs in 23 rice samples were determined within a wide concentration range from 0.03 to 1174 µg/g. Intriguingly, the content of citric acid, malonic acid, α-ketoglutaric acid and cis-aconite acid in new rice was each found to be distinctively higher than that in old rice by several times. Even mixtures of old and new rice were found to show much difference in the concentration of citric acid and malic acid. CONCLUSION: A green analytical method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of CCAs by LC/MS analysis, and the identification of old rice samples from new ones was easily carried out according to their CCA content for the first time. The results indicated that the described method has powerful potential for the accurate identification of old rice samples from new ones.


Assuntos
Oryza , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Ácidos Carboxílicos , Oryza/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ácido Cítrico , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Extração em Fase Sólida
15.
COPD ; 21(1): 2327352, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573027

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence has highlighted the importance of immune cells in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the understanding of the causal association between immunity and COPD remains incomplete due to the existence of confounding variables. In this study, we employed a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis, utilizing the genome-wide association study database, to investigate the causal association between 731 immune-cell signatures and the susceptibility to COPD from a host genetics perspective. To validate the consistency of our findings, we utilized MR analysis results of lung function data to assess directional concordance. Furthermore, we employed MR-Egger intercept tests, Cochrane's Q test, MR-PRESSO global test, and "leave-one-out" sensitivity analyses to evaluate the presence of horizontal pleiotropy, heterogeneity, and stability, respectively. Inverse variance weighting results showed that seven immune phenotypes were associated with the risk of COPD. Analyses of heterogeneity and pleiotropy analysis confirmed the reliability of MR results. These results highlight the interactions between the immune system and the lungs. Further investigations into their mechanisms are necessary and will contribute to inform targeted prevention strategies for COPD.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Bases de Dados Factuais
18.
Brain Behav ; 14(2): e3413, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Early detection of cognitive impairment is essential for timely intervention. Currently, most widely used cognitive screening tests are influenced by language and cultural differences; therefore, there is a need for the development of a language-neutral, visual-based cognitive assessment tool. The Visual Cognitive Assessment Test (VCAT), a 30-point test that assesses memory, executive function, visuospatial function, attention, and language, has demonstrated its utility in a multilingual population. In this study, we evaluated the reliability, validity, and diagnostic performance of the VCAT for screening early cognitive impairment in Chongqing, China METHODS: A total of 134 individuals (49 healthy controls (HCs), 52 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 33 with mild dementia) completed the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), VCAT, and domain-specific neuropsychological assessments. The diagnostic performances of MMSE, MoCA, and VCAT were evaluated using the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity. Construct validity of the VCAT was assessed with well-established domain-specific cognitive assessments. Reliability was measured using Cronbach's alpha. RESULTS: The VCAT and its subdomains demonstrated both good construct validity and internal consistency (α = 0.577). The performance of VCAT was comparable to that of MoCA and MMSE in differentiating mild dementia from nondemented groups (AUC: 0.940 vs. 0.902 and 0.977, respectively; p = .098 and .053) and in distinguishing cognitive impairment (CI) from HC (AUC: 0.929 vs. 0.899 and 0.891, respectively; p = .239 and .161), adjusted for education level. The optimal score range for VCAT in determining dementia, MCI, and HC was 0-14, 15-19, and 20-30, respectively. CONCLUSION: The VCAT proves to be a reliable screening test for early cognitive impairment within our cohort. Being both language and cultural neutral, the VCAT has the potential to be utilized among a wider population within China.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/epidemiologia , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Cognição
19.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(4): e245277, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578639

RESUMO

Importance: As video-based care expands in many clinical settings, assessing patient experiences with this care modality will help optimize health care quality, safety, and communication. Objective: To develop and assess the psychometric properties of the video visit user experience (VVUE) measure, a patient-reported measure of experiences with video-based technology. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this survey study, veterans completed a web-based, mail, or telephone survey about their use of Veterans Healthcare Administration (VHA) virtual care between September 2021 and January 2022. The survey was completed by patients who reported having a VHA video visit on their own device or a VHA-issued device and linked to VHA utilization data for the 6 months following the survey. Data analysis was performed from March 2022 to February 2023. Main Outcomes and Measures: The survey included 19 items about experiences with video visits that were rated using a 4-point Likert-type scale (strongly disagree to strongly agree). First, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted to determine the factor structure and parsimonious set of items, using the McDonald Omega test to assess internal consistency reliability. Then, a confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to test structural validity, and bivariate correlations between VVUE and VHA health care engagement were calculated to test concurrent validity. Finally, predictive validity was assessed using logistic regression to determine whether VVUE was associated with future VHA video visit use. Results: Among 1887 respondents included in the analyses, 83.2% (95% CI, 81.5%-84.8%) were male, 41.0% (95% CI, 38.8%-43.1%) were aged 65 years or older, and the majority had multiple chronic medical and mental health conditions. The exploratory factor analysis identified a 10-item single-factor VVUE measure (including questions about satisfaction, user-centeredness, technical quality, usefulness, and appropriateness), explaining 96% of the total variance, with acceptable internal consistency reliability (ω = 0.95). The confirmatory factor analysis results confirmed a single-factor solution (standardized root mean squared residual = 0.04). VVUE was positively associated with VHA health care engagement (ρ = 0.47; P < .001). Predictive validity models demonstrated that higher VVUE measure scores were associated with future use of video visits, where each 1-point increase on VVUE was associated with greater likelihood of having a video visit in subsequent 6 months (adjusted odds ratio, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.02-1.06). Conclusions and Relevance: The findings of this study of veterans using video visits suggest that a brief measure is valid to capture veterans' experiences receiving VHA virtual care.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Transtornos Mentais , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente
20.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e52935, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Large language models (LLMs) have gained prominence since the release of ChatGPT in late 2022. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of citations and references generated by ChatGPT (GPT-3.5) in two distinct academic domains: the natural sciences and humanities. METHODS: Two researchers independently prompted ChatGPT to write an introduction section for a manuscript and include citations; they then evaluated the accuracy of the citations and Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs). Results were compared between the two disciplines. RESULTS: Ten topics were included, including 5 in the natural sciences and 5 in the humanities. A total of 102 citations were generated, with 55 in the natural sciences and 47 in the humanities. Among these, 40 citations (72.7%) in the natural sciences and 36 citations (76.6%) in the humanities were confirmed to exist (P=.42). There were significant disparities found in DOI presence in the natural sciences (39/55, 70.9%) and the humanities (18/47, 38.3%), along with significant differences in accuracy between the two disciplines (18/55, 32.7% vs 4/47, 8.5%). DOI hallucination was more prevalent in the humanities (42/55, 89.4%). The Levenshtein distance was significantly higher in the humanities than in the natural sciences, reflecting the lower DOI accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: ChatGPT's performance in generating citations and references varies across disciplines. Differences in DOI standards and disciplinary nuances contribute to performance variations. Researchers should consider the strengths and limitations of artificial intelligence writing tools with respect to citation accuracy. The use of domain-specific models may enhance accuracy.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Idioma , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Pesquisadores , Redação
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