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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(2): 9-14, maio-ago. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1553271

RESUMO

Restaurações diretas em resina composta são amplamente utilizadas em odontologia para restaurar dentes posteriores. Todavia, quando há grande destruição coronária, onde a distância do istmo excede dois terços da distância intercuspídea, as restaurações indiretas em resina composta são indicadas. O presente estudo teve como objetivo relatar a análise de um prontuário de um paciente que recebeu uma restauração indireta em resina composta em dente posterior amplamente destruído. Através da análise de prontuários de pacientes atendidos nas disciplinas de Estágios Supervisionados do Curso de Odontologia da FSG Centro Universitário no ano de 2023, foi selecionado um prontuário de um paciente que compareceu a clínica odontológica da FSG com uma restauração em amálgama fraturada com reparo em resina composta que apresentou sintomatologia dolorosa. O procedimento diagnóstico ocorreu através de exame clínico e radiográfico, que constatou a indicação de substituição da restauração insatisfatória e realização de uma restauração indireta em resina composta. Os resultados estéticos e funcionais apresentados demostraram a viabilidade da técnica restauradora indireta em resina composta para reabilitar dentes posteriores com ampla destruição coronária(AU)


Direct composite resin restoration are widely used in dentistry to restore posterior teeth. However, when there is large coronary destruction, that the distance from the isthmus exceeds two- thirds of the intercuspal distance, indirect composite resin restorations are indicated. This study aimed to report the analysis of a dental record of a patient who received an indirect restoration in composite resin in a badly destroyed posterior tooth. Through the analysis of dental records of patients seen in the disciplines of Supervised Internship of the Dentistry Course at FSG Centro Universitário in the year 2023, the dental record of a patient who attended the FSG dental clinic with fractured amalgam restoration with composite resin repair was selected who had painful symptoms. The diagnostic procedure took place through clinical and radiographic examination, which revealed the indication of replacing the unsatisfactory restoration and carrying out an indirect restoration in composite resin.The aesthetic and functional results presented demonstrated the viability of the indirect composite resin restoration technique for rehabilitating posterior teeth with extensive coronal destruction(AU)


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Reparação de Restauração Dentária , Assistência Odontológica
2.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 25: 1, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775099

RESUMO

AIM: Prosthetic rehabilitation of deciduous teeth in paediatric age using pre-formed crowns has been considered one of the best methods of dental restoration since their introduction. Their main advantages are related to durability, longevity and a low rate of recurrent cavities. Since stainless steel crowns do not coincide with aesthetic needs of parents and patients, preformed paedodontic crowns made of zirconia and nano-hybrid composite was introduced. The aim of the study is to evaluate the degree of wear on the enamel and on themselves of the different paedodontic crowns. MATERIALS: Nine bovine teeth and nine paedodontic crowns for deciduous molars were selected for the study, three of which in zirconia, three in nano-hybrid composite and three in stainless steel. Wear test was carried out on the Rtech™ Instruments tribometer applying a force of 50 N. After that, both the bovine teeth and the paedodontic crowns were observed using a stereo microscope (Zeiss Stemi C-500) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM, Cambridge Stereoscan 440). The areas of wear were calculated with a software [ImageJ, version 1x, Wayne Rasband, Maryland, USA]. CONCLUSION: Pre-formed paediatric crowns in zirconia, nano-hybrid composite and stainless steel are a valid aid for the restoration of deciduous teeth and do not compromise the physiological wear characteristic of the phases of the dental exchange. The stainless steel crown is preferable for the restorations in the posterior sectors as its behaviour is the most similar to that of a natural tooth. Zirconia and nano-hybrid composite crowns showed an inversely proportional behaviour between their wear volume and that of the opposing tooth.


Assuntos
Coroas , Aço Inoxidável , Dente Decíduo , Zircônio , Bovinos , Zircônio/química , Aço Inoxidável/química , Animais , Humanos , Resinas Compostas/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Desgaste de Restauração Dentária , Materiais Dentários/química , Esmalte Dentário , Desgaste dos Dentes , Criança
4.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(3): 31-36, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755979

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to quantitatively evaluate adhesive remnants on the enamel surface following bracket debonding using a freezing element. Thirty-six sound premolars were used in this study. In each case, a bracket was bonded onto each tooth with conventional light-cured composite resin and de-bonded after one week. Freezing of the underlying composite through the bracket was performed immediately before debonding with a portable cryosurgical system (-55 °C). Specimens were divided into three groups according to the duration of freezing: a control group without freezing was used as a reference and two interventional groups with different durations of freezing (15 or 40 s). Brackets were removed by using debonding pliers to squeeze the wings of the bracket in an occluso-gingival manner. Adhesive remnants on the tooth were then quantitatively evaluated by stereo-microscopy. Pearson's Chi-squared test was used to investigate the relationship between the proportion of remaining resin and the group of teeth. In the control group, 100% of the composite remained on the enamel surface of all specimens. Significantly less adhesive remnants were found in the intervention groups (p = 0.001 for the 15 s group and p = 0.043 for the 40 s group). There was no significant difference between the two interventions (p = 0.165) in terms of the proportion of remaining adhesive remnants. Freezing of the bracket and the underlying adhesive resin prior to bracket debonding may favorably alter the behavioral pattern of composite fracture, thus reducing the extent of adhesive remnants on the enamel. Increasing the freezing time from 15 to 40 s did not exert significant effects on adhesive remnants following debonding. Further research now needs to investigate the effect of freezing on the mechanical properties of the adhesive remnants and its in-vivo effect on pulp vitality over both short- and long-terms.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Descolagem Dentária , Congelamento , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Humanos , Descolagem Dentária/métodos , Resinas Compostas/química , Esmalte Dentário , Técnicas In Vitro , Cimentos de Resina/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Dente Pré-Molar , Teste de Materiais
5.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(3): 107-119, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755989

RESUMO

This research study aimed to investigate the impact of probiotic mouthwash and kefir on the surface characteristics, specifically surface roughness and microhardness, of different restorative materials, as well as permanent and deciduous tooth enamels. Thirty disc-shaped specimens were prepared from composite resin (G-ænial Posterior (GP)), polyacid-modified composite resin (compomer) (Dyract-XP (DXP)), and resin-modified glass ionomer cement (Ionoseal (IS)). Additionally, thirty specimens of enamel were obtained from permanent teeth (PT) and thirty from deciduous teeth (DT) by embedding buccal and lingual sections, acquired through vertical sectioning of 15 permanent and 15 deciduous human tooth crowns in the mesiodistal orientation within acrylic resin blocks. The specimens were then categorized into three distinct groups and immersed for 14 days in one of the following solutions: distilled water, kefir or probiotic mouthwash. The mean surface roughness values of all specimens were assessed using an atomic force microscope, while the mean surface microhardness was measured using a Vickers hardness measuring instrument. The results revealed a statistically significant difference in mean surface roughness among the various restorative materials (p < 0.001). Among the restorative materials, the IS material exhibited notably higher mean surface roughness values than other restorative materials and tooth enamel, while no significant differences were observed between the PT and DT groups. Importantly, the main effect of the solutions under investigation was not statistically significant (p = 0.208). No significant difference was found between the surface roughness values of specimens subjected to the different solutions. When evaluating the effects of materials and solutions on microhardness, the main effects of material and solution variables and the influence of material-solution interactions were statistically significant (p < 0.001). Taken together, these results indicate that consistent use of kefir or probiotic mouthwashes may impact the surface properties of various restorative materials and tooth enamel.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Esmalte Dentário , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Dureza , Probióticos , Propriedades de Superfície , Humanos , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Resinas Compostas/química , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Compômeros/química , Dente Decíduo , Antissépticos Bucais/química , Antissépticos Bucais/farmacologia , Teste de Materiais , Materiais Dentários/química
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 557, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental resin-based composites are widely recognized for their aesthetic appeal and adhesive properties, which make them integral to modern restorative dentistry. Despite their advantages, adhesion and biomechanical performance challenges persist, necessitating innovative strategies for improvement. This study addressed the challenges associated with adhesion and biomechanical properties in dental resin-based composites by employing molecular docking and dynamics simulation. METHODS: Molecular docking assesses the binding energies and provides valuable insights into the interactions between monomers, fillers, and coupling agents. This investigation prioritizes SiO2 and TRIS, considering their consistent influence. Molecular dynamics simulations, executed with the Forcite module and COMPASS II force field, extend the analysis to the mechanical properties of dental composite complexes. The simulations encompassed energy minimization, controlled NVT and NPT ensemble simulations, and equilibration stages. Notably, the molecular dynamics simulations spanned a duration of 50 ns. RESULTS: SiO2 and TRIS consistently emerged as influential components, showcasing their versatility in promoting solid interactions. A correlation matrix underscores the significant roles of van der Waals and desolvation energies in determining the overall binding energy. Molecular dynamics simulations provide in-depth insights into the mechanical properties of dental composite complexes. HEMA-SiO2-TRIS excelled in stiffness, BisGMA-SiO2-TRIS prevailed in terms of flexural strength, and EBPADMA-SiO2-TRIS offered a balanced combination of mechanical properties. CONCLUSION: These findings provide valuable insights into optimizing dental composites tailored to diverse clinical requirements. While EBPADMA-SiO2-TRIS demonstrates distinct strengths, this study emphasizes the need for further research. Future investigations should validate the computational findings experimentally and assess the material's response to dynamic environmental factors.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Resinas Compostas , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Dióxido de Silício , Resinas Compostas/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Dentários/química , Metacrilatos/química , Poliuretanos/química , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Resinas Acrílicas/química
7.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303154, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Flowable resin composites (FRC) are tooth-colored restorative materials that contain a lower filler particle content, and lower viscosity than their bulk counterparts, making them useful for specific clinical applications. Yet, their chemical makeup may impact the cellular population of the tooth pulp. This in-vitro study assessed the cytocompatibility and odontogenic differentiation capacity of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in response to two recent FRC material extracts. METHODS: Extracts of the FRC Aura easyflow (AEF) and Polofil NHT Flow (PNF) were applied to DPSCs isolated from extracted human teeth. Cell viability of DPSCs was assessed using MTT assay on days 1, 3 and 7. Cell migration was assessed using the wound healing assay. DPSCs' capacity for osteo/odontogenic differentiation was assessed by measuring the degree of mineralization by Alizarin Red S staining, alkaline phosphatase enzyme (ALP) activity, and monitoring the expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG), RUNX Family Transcription Factor 2 (RUNX2), and the odontogenic marker dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) by RT-PCR. Monomer release from the FRC was also assessed by High-performance liquid chromatography analysis (HPLC). RESULTS: DPSCs exposed to PNF extracts showed significantly higher cell viability, faster wound closure, and superior odontogenic differentiation. This was apparent through Alizarin Red staining of calcified nodules, elevated alkaline phosphatase activity, and increased expression of osteo/odontogenic markers. Moreover, HPLC analysis revealed a higher release of TEDGMA, UDMA, and BISGMA from AEF. CONCLUSIONS: PNF showed better cytocompatibility and enhancement of odontogenic differentiation than AEF.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Resinas Compostas , Polpa Dentária , Células-Tronco , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Humanos , Células-Tronco/citologia , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Resinas Compostas/química , Resinas Compostas/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Odontogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas
8.
Braz Oral Res ; 38: e032, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747819

RESUMO

This study assessed the reliability of a color measurement method using images obtained from a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera and a stereoscopic loupe. Disc-shaped specimens were created using the composite Filtek Z350 XT (shades DA1, DA2, DA3, and DA4) (n = 3). CIELAB color coordinates of the specimens were measured using the spectrophotometer SP60 over white and black backgrounds. Images of the same specimens were taken using a CCD camera attached to a stereoscopic loupe. The color of the image was measured (red-green-blue [RGB]) using an image processing software and converted to CIELAB coordinates. For each color coordinate, data from images were adjusted using linear regressions predicting those values from SP60. The whiteness index for dentistry (WID) and translucency parameter (TP00) of the specimens as well as the color differences (ΔE00) among pairwise shades were calculated. Data were analyzed via repeated-measures analysis of variance and Tukey's post hoc test (α = 0.05). Images obtained using the loupe tended to be darker and redder than the actual color. Data adjustment resulted in similar WID, ΔE00, and TP00 values to those observed for the spectrophotometer. Differences were observed only for the WID of shade DA3 and ΔE00 for comparing DA1 and DA3 over the black background. However, these differences were not clinically relevant. The use of adjusted data from images taken using a stereoscopic loupe is considered a feasible method for color measurement.


Assuntos
Cor , Colorimetria , Resinas Compostas , Teste de Materiais , Espectrofotometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resinas Compostas/química , Espectrofotometria/métodos , Colorimetria/métodos , Colorimetria/instrumentação , Análise de Variância , Valores de Referência , Modelos Lineares , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos
9.
Clin Exp Dent Res ; 10(3): e888, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712436

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of metal primer II (MP II) on the shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic brackets bonded to teeth and bis-acryl composite provisional material (Bis-Acryl). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty extracted human premolars specimens and 20 premolar shaped Bis-Acryl specimens were obtained and randomly divided into two surface groups. The first group consisted of human premolars (T) bonded to brackets in the conventional way while in the second (T-MP) MP II was applied on the bracket base before bonding. Similarly, one group of provisional material (PM) was prepared according to conventional treatment and another with the application of MP-II metal bonder (PM-MP). In all cases Ortho-brackets (Victory Series, 3 M) were bonded employing Transbond XT resin cement. Then the brackets were debonded under shear and the results were statistically analyzed by two-way analysis of variance and Holm Sidak at α = .05. The debonded surfaces of all specimens were examined by light microscopy and the Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) was recorded. RESULTS: The SBS results exhibited significant differences er (p < .001). For both the T and TM the application of MP-II increased the SBS compared to respective control groups (p < .001). The T-C group was found inferior compared to PM-C (p < .001) and the same is true for the comparison between T-MP and PM-MP (p < .001). ARI indexes demonstrated that the tooth groups were characterized by a predominantly adhesive failure at the resin-dentin interface. In contrast, the control group for provisional crowns (PM-C) showed a predominantly cohesive failure mode, which moved to predominantly adhesive after the application of MP II. CONCLUSION: The application of MP II enhances the SBS on both, human enamel and provisional crown materials.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Propriedades de Superfície , Humanos , Cimentos de Resina/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Dente Pré-Molar , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Resinas Compostas/química , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente/métodos , Esmalte Dentário/química , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Int J Prosthodont ; 37(7): 165-173, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38787581

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of printing layer thickness on the optical properties and surface roughness of various 3D-printed resins manufactured by digital light processing (DLP) and indicated for provisional and definitive restorations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 240 specimens from four different 3D-printing resins-VarseoSmile Crown Plus (Bego; VS), Crowntec (Saremco Dental; CR), GC Temp PRINT (GC Dental; TG), and NextDent C&B MFH (NextDent; ND)-were divided into four groups (n = 60 per group). Each group was further divided into three subgroups (n = 20) according to printing layer thickness (25, 50, and 100 µm). All specimens were subjected to thermocycling with coffee before measurements were taken with a spectroradiometer to calculate color differences. The Kubelka-Munk (K-M) absorption (K) and scattering coefficients (S), translucency parameters (TP), and surface roughness (Ra) values were calculated for each printing layer thickness and compared with those of the 2M2 shade tab (target). The data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U test, the variance accounted for (VAF) coefficient by Cauchy-Schwarz, and post hoc comparisons using Tukey test (α ≤ .05). RESULTS: S (79% ≤ VAF ≤ 100%) and K (40.45% ≤ VAF ≤ 100%) spectral distribution depended on the wavelength. A 25-µm layer thickness resulted in no significant differences from the 2M2 shade for S (P > .230) and K (P > .200). VS showed significantly different S (P = .004) and K (P = .003) values from those of the shade tab with 50-µm layering thickness, whereas other materials did not show significant differences from the 2M2 shade for S (P > .280) and K (P > .301). The 100-µm layer thickness specimens had significantly different S and K values compared to the 2M2 shade tab (P < .004). TP values of resins with 100-µm layer thickness were significantly lower than resins in 25- and 50-µm layer thicknesses (P < .001). The Ra values of resins increased significantly with 100-µm layer thickness (P ≤ .001). CONCLUSIONS: All tested materials, except for VS, showed color properties similar to the target shade when 25- and 50-µm printing layer thicknesses were used. The translucency of resins tended toward an inverse relationship with printing layer thickness. The surface roughness of resins increased significantly with 100-µm layer thickness. However, all resins with a printing thickness of 25 µm showed better color properties and surface roughness.


Assuntos
Impressão Tridimensional , Propriedades de Superfície , Teste de Materiais , Técnicas In Vitro , Resinas Compostas/química , Resinas Sintéticas/química
11.
Int J Prosthodont ; 37(7): 203-207, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38787585

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the flexural strength properties of three different aged and nonaged 3D-printed resins built by different 3D printing systems used in dental applications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bars (2 × 2 × 25 mm) were additively fabricated using a 3D printer and different dental crown resins (Saremco Crowntec, Senertek P-Crown V2, and Senertek P-Crown V3) per the manufacturers' recommendations. Each subgroup was divided into aged and nonaged subgroups (n = 10 bars per group). Thermocycling procedures (5° to 55°C; 5,000 cycles) were performed under favorable conditions for the aged subgroups from each material. Flexural strength (MPa) was measured in all samples using a universal test machine. RESULTS: When both aged and nonaged resins are compared, significant differences were found in flexural strength measurements (P < .001). The highest flexural strength was observed in the Saremco Crowntec group, while the lowest flexural strength was observed in the Senertek P Crown V2 group. The flexural strength measurements of Saremco Crowntec and Senertek P Crown V3 displayed no significant difference between their aged and nonaged groups (P > .05), while Senertek P Crown V2 (P = .039) showed significant differences between its aged and nonaged groups. CONCLUSIONS: Saremco Crowntec showed the highest flexural strength both in aged and nonaged groups, while Senertek P Crown V2 had the lowest strength. The artificial aging process decreased flexural strength values in all 3D-printed resin groups.


Assuntos
Coroas , Resistência à Flexão , Teste de Materiais , Impressão Tridimensional , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Fatores de Tempo , Resinas Compostas/química
12.
Int J Prosthodont ; 37(7): 175-185, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38787582

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the manufacturing accuracy, intaglio surface adaptation, and survival of resin-based CAD/CAM definitive crowns created via additive manufacturing (AM) or subtractive manufacturing (SM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A maxillary right first molar crown was digitally designed and manufactured using AM hybrid resin composite (VarseoSmile Crown Plus, Bego [AM-HRC]), AM glass filler-reinforced resin composite (Crowntec, Saremco Dental [AM-RC]), and SM polymer-infiltrated ceramic (Vita Enamic, VITA Zahnfabrik [SM-PICN]). Manufacturing accuracy (trueness and precision) was assessed by computing the root mean square (RMS) error (in µm; n = 15 per material). Intaglio surface adaptation was assessed by calculating the average gap distance (µm). Ten crowns from each group were cemented on fiberglass-reinforced epoxy resin dies and cyclically loaded to simulate 5 years of functional loading. One-way ANOVA, post hoc Bonferroni comparison tests, and Levene's test were used to analyze the data (α = .05). RESULTS: AM-RC had higher overall trueness than AM-HRC and SM-PICN (P ≤ .05), whereas the trueness of AM-RC on the external surface was similar to that of SM-PICN (P = .99) and higher than AM-HRC (P = .001). SM-PICN had lower precision than AM-RC and AM-HRC overall and at internal occlusal surfaces (P ≤ .05). Overall intaglio surface adaptation was similar between all groups (P = .531). However, for the axial intaglio surface, AM-RC and AM-HRC had higher adaptation than SM-PICN (P ≤ .05). All tested crowns survived the cyclic loading simulation of 5 years clinical use. CONCLUSIONS: AM-RC showed high manufacturing accuracy and adaptation. The tested resin-based CAD/CAM materials demonstrated clinically acceptable manufacturing accuracy and simulated medium-term durability, justifying the initiation of clinical investigations to determine their potential implementation in daily clinical practice.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Técnicas In Vitro , Resinas Compostas/química , Humanos , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Propriedades de Superfície , Teste de Materiais , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Cerâmica/química , Dente Molar
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732100

RESUMO

The use of temporary resin for provisional restorations is a fundamental step to maintain the position of prepared teeth, to protect the pulpal vitality and the periodontal health as well as the occlusion. The present study aimed at evaluating the biological effects of two resins used in dentistry for temporary restorations, Coldpac (Yates Motloid) and ProTemp 4™ (3M ESPE ™), and their eluates, in an in vitro model of human gingival fibroblasts (hGFs). The activation of the inflammatory pathway NFκB p65/NLRP3/IL-1ß induced by the self-curing resin disks was evaluated by real-time PCR, Western blotting and immunofluorescence analysis. The hGFs adhesion on resin disks was investigated by means of inverted light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Our results suggest that hGF cells cultured in adhesion and with eluate derived from ProTemp 4™ (3M ESPE ™) resin evidenced a downregulation in the expression of the inflammatory mediators such as NFκB p65, NLRP3 and IL-1ß compared to the cells cultured with Coldpac (Yates Motloid) after 24 h and 1 week of culture. Furthermore, the cells cultured with ProTemp 4™ (3M ESPE ™) after 24 h and 1 week of culture reported a higher cell viability compared to the cells cultured with Coldpac (Yates Motloid), established by MTS cell analysis. Similar results were obtained when hGFs were placed in culture with the eluate derived from ProTemp 4™ (3M ESPE ™) resin which showed a higher cell viability compared to the cells cultured with eluate derived from Coldpac (Yates Motloid). These results highlighted the lower pro-inflammatory action and improved cell biocompatibility of ProTemp 4™ (3M ESPE ™), suggesting a better performance in terms of cells-material interaction.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Fibroblastos , Gengiva , Interleucina-1beta , Polimetil Metacrilato , Humanos , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Gengiva/citologia , Resinas Compostas/farmacologia , Resinas Compostas/química , Polimetil Metacrilato/química , Polimetil Metacrilato/farmacologia , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
J Adhes Dent ; 26(1): 135-145, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771025

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To measure zirconia-to-zirconia microtensile bond strength (µTBS) using composite cements with and without primer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two Initial Zirconia UHT (GC) sticks (1.8x1.8x5.0 mm) were bonded using four cements with and without their respective manufacturer's primer/adhesive (G-CEM ONE [GOne] and G-Multi Primer, GC; Panavia V5 [Pv5]), and Panavia SA Cement Universal [PSAu], and Clearfil Ceramic Plus, Kuraray Noritake; RelyX Universal (RXu) and Scotchbond Universal Plus [SBUp], 3M Oral Care). Specimens were trimmed to an hour-glass shaped specimen whose isthmus is circular in cross-section. After 1-week water storage, the specimens were either tested immediately (1-week µTBS) or first subjected to 50,000 thermocycles (50kTC-aged µTBS). The fracture mode was categorized as either adhesive interfacial failure, cohesive failure in composite cement, or mixed failure, followed by SEM fracture analysis of selected specimens. Data were analyzed using linear mixed-effects statistics (α = 0.05; variables: composite cement, primer/adhesive application, aging). RESULTS: The statistical analysis revealed no significant differences with aging (p = 0.3662). No significant difference in µTBS with/without primer and aging was recorded for GOne and PSAu. A significantly higher µTBS was recorded for Pv5 and RXu when applied with their respective primer/adhesive. Comparing the four composite cements when they were applied in the manner that resulted in their best performance, a significant difference in 50kTC-aged µTBS was found for PSAu compared to Pv5 and RXu. A significant decrease in µTBS upon 50kTC aging was only recorded for RXu in combination with SBUp. CONCLUSION: Adequate bonding to zirconia requires the functional monomer 10-MDP either contained in the composite cement, in which case a separate 10-MDP primer is no longer needed, or in the separately applied primer/adhesive.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Colagem Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração , Zircônio , Zircônio/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resinas Compostas/química , Metacrilatos/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Cerâmica/química , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo , Água/química , Temperatura , Porcelana Dentária/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Materiais Dentários/química , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro
15.
Am J Dent ; 37(2): 59-65, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704847

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of toothbrushing with new and used toothbrushes on the surface of resin composites and dental enamel. METHODS: The extracted human incisors were selected after vestibular enamel surfaces (ES) were examined. Disc-shaped specimens of direct composite (DC) and indirect composite (IC) were fabricated. Computer-aided design-computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) composite blocks (CC) were sliced in 2 mm thickness (n= 8). The surface roughness, gloss, and color were measured. The measurements were performed before and after 3 months of toothbrushing simulation (TBS) for 2,500 circular cycles. The wear index was calculated by using the ImageJ program. The specimens were subjected to an additional 2,500 cycles and the same measurements were repeated. RESULTS: No significant increase in surface roughness values was observed in DC, IC, and CC groups after 3 and 6 months of TBS except in the ES group. The highest change in surface gloss was observed in the DC group. Although the wear index of toothbrushes increased over time, only the increase in the IC group was statistically significant (P= 0.033). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Changes in surface roughness, gloss, and discoloration of the dental enamel and restorations and wear of toothbrush bristles were increased over time.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Esmalte Dentário , Propriedades de Superfície , Escovação Dentária , Escovação Dentária/instrumentação , Humanos , Resinas Compostas/química , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Teste de Materiais
16.
Am J Dent ; 37(2): 66-70, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704848

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of different finishing and polishing systems on the surface roughness of a resin composite subjected to simulated saliva-, acid-, and enzyme-induced degradation. METHODS: 160 specimens (n= 40) were fabricated with Filtek Z350 XT nanofilled composite and analyzed for average surface roughness (Ra). The specimens were finished and polished using: AD - Al2O3-impreginated rubberized discs (medium, fine, and superfine grit, Sof-Lex); SD - silicon carbide and Al2O3-impregnated rubberized discs (coarse, medium and fine grit, Jiffy,); MB - 12- and 30-multiblade burs. The control group (CT) (n= 40) comprised specimens with a Mylar-strip-created surface. Specimens from each group were immersed in 1 mL of one of the degradation methods (n= 10): artificial saliva (ArS: pH 6.75), cariogenic challenge (CaC: pH 4.3), erosive challenge (ErC: 0.05M citric acid, pH 2.3) or enzymatic challenge (EzC: artificial saliva with 700 µg/mL of albumin, pH 6.75). The immersion period simulated a time frame of 180 days. Ra measurements were also performed at the post-polishing and post-degradation time points. The data were evaluated by three-way ANOVA for repeated measures and the Tukey tests. RESULTS: There was significant interaction between the finishing/polishing system and the degradation method (P= 0.001). AD presented the greatest smoothness, followed by SD. After degradation, CT, AD and SD groups became significantly rougher, but not the MB group, which presented no difference in roughness before or after degradation. CT and AD groups showed greater roughness in CaC, ErC and EzC than in ArS. The SD group showed no difference in roughness when the specimens were polished with CaC, EzC or ArS, but those treated with ErC had greater roughness. In the MB group, the lower roughness values were found after using CaC and EzC, while the higher values were found using ErC or ArS. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: As far as degradation resistance of nanofilled composite to hydrolysis, bacterial and dietary acids and enzymatic reactions is concerned, restorations that had been finished and polished with Al2O3-impregnated discs had the smoothest surfaces.


Assuntos
Óxido de Alumínio , Resinas Compostas , Polimento Dentário , Saliva Artificial , Compostos de Silício , Propriedades de Superfície , Resinas Compostas/química , Polimento Dentário/métodos , Humanos , Saliva Artificial/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Óxido de Alumínio/química , Compostos de Silício/química , Compostos Inorgânicos de Carbono/química , Teste de Materiais , Nanocompostos/química , Ácido Cítrico/química , Saliva/enzimologia , Saliva/metabolismo , Saliva/química , Erosão Dentária , Borracha/química , Materiais Dentários/química
17.
Am J Dent ; 37(2): 71-77, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704849

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of painless low-power Er:YAG laser irradiation of conventional and polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) type CAD-CAM resin-based composites (RBCs) on resin bonding. METHODS: An Er:YAG laser system, phosphoric acid etchant, universal adhesive, RBC, and two types of CAD-CAM RBC block were used. Microtensile bond strength, fracture mode, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations of bonding interfaces and CAD-CAM surfaces, and surface roughness of ground and pretreated surfaces were investigated. As pretreatment methods, low-power Er:YAG laser irradiation and air-abrasion with alumina particles were used. RESULTS: The effect of low-power Er:YAG laser irradiation of CAD-CAM RBCs on bonding to repair resin varied depending on the type of CAD-CAM RBCs. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The low-power Er:YAG laser irradiation of the conventional CAD-CAM RBCs was shown to be effective as a surface pretreatment for resin bonding, while the laser irradiation of PICN-type CAD-CAM RBCs was not effective.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Colagem Dentária , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Propriedades de Superfície , Resinas Compostas/química , Resistência à Tração , Teste de Materiais , Humanos , Cerâmica/química , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente
18.
Am J Dent ; 37(2): 91-100, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704852

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the internal adaptation of restorative systems bonded to mid-coronal and gingival dentin using light-cured, chemical-cured, and dual-cured adhesives, both immediately and after aging. METHODS: 60 molars were selected and received occluso-mesial preparations with dentin gingival margins. Restorations were performed using different restorative systems with light-cured, chemical-cured, and dual-cured adhesives. Internal adaptation was assessed by examining the percentage of continuous margin (%CM) at the pulpal and gingival dentin under a scanning electron microscope at x200 magnification. Half of the teeth were stored in sterile water for 24 hours, while the other half underwent 10,000 thermal cycles. Micro-morphological analysis was conducted on representative samples at x1,000 magnification. RESULTS: The restorative system with light-cured adhesive exhibited significantly lower %CM values at the gingival dentin, particularly after aging. Aging had a negative impact on the %CM values of the pulpal and gingival dentin in restorative systems with light-cured and dual-cured adhesives. Regional dentin variations influenced the %CM values, especially after aging, regardless of the restorative system used. The tested restorative system with chemical-cured adhesive is preferable for achieving improved internal adaptation when bonding to both mid-coronal and gingival dentin, compared to the other tested systems. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The study highlights the variations in adhesive performance between different regional dentin areas using the tested restorative systems.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Gengiva , Humanos , Resinas Compostas/química , Polpa Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Dentina , Cimentos de Resina/química , Dente Molar , Técnicas In Vitro , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários , Teste de Materiais
19.
J Adhes Dent ; 26(1): 125-134, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770704

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of adhesive type and long-term aging on the shear bond strength (SBS) between silica-based ceramics and composite cement (CC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lithium-silicate (LS), feldspathic (FD) and polymer-infiltrated ceramic (PIC) blocks were sectioned (10 x 12 x 2 mm) and divided into 24 groups considering the factors: "ceramics" (LS, FD, and PIC), "adhesive" (Ctrl: without adhesive; 2SC: 2-step conventional; 3SC: 3-step conventional; 1SU: 1-step universal), and "aging" (non-aged or aged [A]). After the surface treatments, CC cylinders (n = 15, Ø = 2 mm; height = 2 mm) were made and half of the samples were subjected to thermocycling (10,000) and stored in water at 37°C for 18 months. The samples were submitted to SBS testing (100 kgf, 1 mm/min) and failure analysis. Extra samples were prepared for microscopic analysis of the adhesive interface. SBS (MPa) data was analyzed by 3-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (5%). Weibull analysis was performed on the SBS data. RESULTS: All factors and interactions were significant for SBS (p<0.05). Before aging, there was no significant difference between the tested groups and the respective control groups. After aging, the LS_1SU (22.18 ± 7.74) and LS_2SC (17.32 ± 5.86) groups exhibited significantly lower SBS than did the LS_Ctrl (30.30 ± 6.11). Only the LS_1SU group showed a significant decrease in SBS after aging vs without aging. The LS_1SU (12.20) group showed the highest Weibull modulus, which was significantly higher than LS_2SC_A (2.82) and LS_1SU_A (3.15) groups. CONCLUSION: No type of adhesive applied after silane benefitted the long-term adhesion of silica-based ceramics to CC in comparison to the groups without adhesive.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Colagem Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Dióxido de Silício , Dióxido de Silício/química , Cerâmica/química , Fatores de Tempo , Cimentos de Resina/química , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Propriedades de Superfície , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Cimentação/métodos , Porcelana Dentária/química , Humanos , Resinas Compostas/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Compostos de Potássio/química , Silicatos de Alumínio/química , Temperatura
20.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 25(3): 245-249, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38690698

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the study is to determine the difference in the shear bond strengths to dentin among dental composite (Filtek Z350®, 3M), compomer (Dyract Flow®, Dentsply) and Giomer (Beautifil®, Shofu) with 3MTM Single BondTM Universal Adhesive (SBU) (7th generation, self-etch, single solution adhesive) and AdperTM Single Bond 2 Adhesive (ASB) (5th generation, total-etch, two solution adhesive). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty extracted human permanent teeth were collected, cleansed of debris, and placed in distilled water. The samples were segregated into two groups depicting the two bonding agents-AdperTM (ASB) and 3MTM Single Bond Universal (SBU) and sub-grouped into three groups depicting the three restorative materials (Composite, Giomer, and Compomer) used. Groups were respresented as follows: Group I-ASB + Composite; Group II-ASB + Giomer; Group III-ASB + Compomer; Group IV-SBU + Giomer; Group V-SBU + Compomer; Group VI-SBU + Composite. After applying the bonding agent as per the manufacturer's instructions, following which the restorative material was placed. A Universal Testing Machine (Instron 3366, UK) was employed to estimate the shear bond strength of the individual restorative material and shear bond strengths were calculated. RESULTS: Composite bonded with SBU (group VI) displayed the greatest shear strength (11.16 ± 4.22 MPa). Moreover, Giomers and flowable compomers displayed better bond strengths with ASB compared with their SBU-bonded counterparts. CONCLUSION: These results mark the importance of careful material selection in clinical practice and the bonding agent used to achieve optimal bond strength and enhance the clinical longevity and durability of dental restorations. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: From a clinical perspective, to avoid a compressive or a shear failure, it would be preferrable to use a direct composite restorative material with SBU (Single bond universal adhesive, 7th generation) to achieve maximum bond strength. How to cite this article: Kuchibhotla N, Sathyamoorthy H, Balakrishnan S, et al. Effect of Bonding Agents on the Shear Bond Strength of Tooth-colored Restorative Materials to Dentin: An In Vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024;25(3):245-249.


Assuntos
Compômeros , Resinas Compostas , Colagem Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Adesivos Dentinários , Dentina , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Resinas Compostas/química , Humanos , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Técnicas In Vitro , Compômeros/química , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Materiais Dentários/química , Resinas Acrílicas/química
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