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1.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9306

RESUMO

Speaking about food systems transformation, colonialism, the CIA, the Republicans, the UN budget, and taxing the rich


Assuntos
Pobreza/prevenção & controle , Indústria Alimentícia/economia , Países Desenvolvidos/economia , Colonialismo , Responsabilidade Social
2.
J Health Organ Manag ; ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print)2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726031

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe peer learning and shared accountability and their use within our management system to improve the rate of patient annual wellness visits completed by primary care physicians. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Our management system implements programs to improve performance on a measure, initially declaring the goal, roles and responsibilities. In the illustrative case in this article, primary care physicians are assigned the goal of completing annual wellness visits for 65% of their patients by the end of 2021. To support physicians, peer learning networks are established, connecting teams, physicians and others to broadly share best practices and support better performance. Shared accountability means higher-level leaders in the organization need to first set lower-level leaders up to succeed before holding lower-level leaders accountable for achieving the declared goal. Our shared accountability model describes processes of the higher-level leader to ensure lower-leader success. The accountability process if a lower-level leader does not improve performance involves 3 steps: (1) a letter; (2) meeting with hospital executives for peer review; (3) review for sanctions/disciplinary action. FINDINGS: In quarter 1 of calendar year 2021, we identified 30 physicians that were behind pace for reaching the 65% goal of AWVs with patients for 2021 and also had not achieved the 2020 60% goal. After step 1, 22 of 30 (73%) physicians were on target for the goal. After step 2, 3 of 8 physicians were on target for the goal. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: Peer learning and shared accountability are underdeveloped in health care, and often viewed as at odds with each other. In our framework we integrate them. Thus, we formed learning networks, connecting every level of the organization and branching out across the health system to share ideas and build capability. Our shared accountability model removes the punitive connotation often connected to accountability by aligning higher and lower-level leaders to work together as a team. This model is improving personal performance among primary care physicians, and now being used for all quality and value efforts in our health system. We believe if broadly applied, this model could help improve value in health care.


Assuntos
Médicos , Responsabilidade Social , Atenção à Saúde , Empatia , Humanos
3.
Waste Manag ; 136: 337-347, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752973

RESUMO

Research on recycling has advanced across different disciplines, although the current knowledge about recycling behaviors at the corporate level remains elusive. While most studies on recycling are focused on households, there is no indication that people who recycle at home engage in similar behavior when at work. To understand how to facilitate recycling at work, this study investigates recycling behavior at work and its antecedents. The study adopts a sequential exploratory mixed method (MM) approach as its methodological framework, using semi-structured interviews and statistical analysis through structural equation modelling (SEM). According to the findings, factors such as types and volumes of waste, responsibility/accountability, personal control, recycling schemes, institutional supports, and group harmony contribute to recycling behavior in organizational settings. The study demonstrates contextual attributes' contribution, particularly organizational support and social context of recycling to employees' recycling behavior. For recycling to be normative at the corporate level, this MM study argues for the need to harmonize schemes within and across contexts. There is a need to install similar recycling schemes and facilities within and across waste generation contexts to reduce the recycling complexity and maintain consistency in recycling behavior. This study's findings could assist waste planners and policymakers in designing effective waste management schemes that would contribute to the circular economy initiatives. We further discussed the implication of the study.


Assuntos
Reciclagem , Gerenciamento de Resíduos , Humanos , Conhecimento , Organizações , Responsabilidade Social
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770191

RESUMO

Based on the trickle-down effect model, social learning theory and trait activation theory, this study explores the mechanisms of multi-level responsible leadership on employees' pro-environmental behaviors in the hotel industry in China. The results show that responsible leadership positively influences employees' pro-environmental behaviors; mid-level responsible leadership significantly mediates the positive relationship between high-level responsible leadership and employees' pro-environmental behaviors; and the perceived role of ethics and social responsibility positively moderates the relationship between responsible leadership and employees' pro-environmental behaviors. The results of this study provide empirical support for further analysis of the "black box" of responsible leadership on employees' pro-environmental behaviors, fill the gap of the trickle-down model in leadership, and provide new directions for sustainable value creation in hospitality industry organizations.


Assuntos
Liderança , Organizações , China , Comportamento Social , Responsabilidade Social
5.
Eur J Public Health ; 31(Supplement_4): iv54-iv58, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751360

RESUMO

In this article, we examine what the role of the private sector in times of crises is and whether the private sector is, and can be held to be, accountable. COVID-19 has amplified the difficulties with public-private partnerships and this article addresses several aspects concerning business enterprises, in particular transnational corporations, human rights and health sector activities, highlighting the key aspects to understand and address accountability issues. The article also explores accountability for the private sector, the processes to ensure accountability, and the relevance of regulation and self-regulation.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas , Humanos , Setor Privado , Parcerias Público-Privadas , SARS-CoV-2 , Responsabilidade Social
6.
J Emerg Manag ; 19(7): 49-58, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723368

RESUMO

The decision by the Trump administration to leave many of the policy decisions regarding COVID-19 to United States governors has had significant consequences for the management of the pandemic. During the COVID-19 response, the federalist approach has created complications in areas including resource acquisition, crisis communication, testing, and social distancing. Such issues have been magnified the differences between centralized and decentralized state public health systems. Governors have found themselves at odds with the Trump administration in regard to competing for vital equipment, signaling to the public the severity of the virus, and defining an adequate testing system. Many governors took bold action and acted in bipartisan cooperation with the governors of other states, often in the face of strong criticism and protests. The lessons learned from COVID-19 regarding the need for coordination at the national level must be documented for history. Rather than relying on state-by-state after-action reports, which separately could be become fodder for ideological debate, this commentary recommends a bipartisan, joint after-action report signed by state governors as a mechanism to preserve state experiences.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Responsabilidade Social , Estados Unidos
7.
Front Public Health ; 9: 780348, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805086

RESUMO

This paper examines the effects of the pandemics-related uncertainty on corporate innovation in Chinese firms. For this purpose, the recent uncertainty measure of pandemics, the Pandemics Discussion Index (PDI), is used. The findings from the fixed-effects estimations show the negative impact of the PDI on corporate innovation. Government subsidies, operation profits, and total exports also positively affect corporate innovation. In addition, firms' management efficiency promotes corporate innovation. These results hold when the Blundell-Bond estimations are utilized to address potential endogeneity. Various robustness analyses, such as considering the lagged PDI and the lagged controls, are also conducted. Consequently, the main results remain robust. Thus, this paper provides novel and robust evidence on the negative impact of pandemics on Chinese firms' corporate innovation behavior.


Assuntos
Pandemias , Responsabilidade Social , China/epidemiologia , Organizações , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Incerteza
9.
Healthc Q ; 24(3): 18-22, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792443

RESUMO

This article weighs three important moral and ethical considerations for leaders in healthcare: their obligations to society, their privilege as leaders and how value goes beyond a simple cost analysis. Leaders highly motivated by the bottom line have avoided the long overdue action on moral and ethical considerations critical to a more just and fairer society. Leaders are now being tasked to develop strategies for health equity, anti-oppression, anti-racism, social justice, diversity, equity and inclusiveness, community engagement, the social determinants of health and environmental accountability, and to demonstrate that their disruptive work adds more value to society than what can be measured in spreadsheet metrics.


Assuntos
Equidade em Saúde , Liderança , Humanos , Princípios Morais , Justiça Social , Responsabilidade Social
10.
Healthc Q ; 24(3): 23-26, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792444

RESUMO

To advance equity, diversity, inclusion and reconciliation, healthcare organizations are increasingly recruiting Indigenous leaders. While it is crucial to involve Indigenous Peoples in solving the problems they experience, serving in these roles presents dilemmas and often harm to the Indigenous incumbents. Non-Indigenous healthcare organizations are encouraged to lay the groundwork for right relations with Indigenous Peoples and sustainable workplaces for Indigenous leadership through understanding and accepting accountability for the problem, getting comfortable with discomfort and being truly prepared for systemic change.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde do Indígena , Humanos , Liderança , Grupos Populacionais , Responsabilidade Social
12.
Front Public Health ; 9: 710743, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604155

RESUMO

This research described Chinese listed firms' COVID-19 Outbreak and financial performance using corporate culture (CC) and corporate social responsibility (CSR) evidence. The epidemic's impact on Chinese companies' profits was much less than the impact on their sales growth rates. Although the COVID-19 has had a more significant negative impact on the financial performance of Chinese listed companies in sectors that are more severely impacted, such as travel and entertainment, we believe that the financial performance of the medical industry has improved as a result of the outbreak. Meanwhile, Chinese listed companies in high-risk areas experience more significant financial losses during the epidemic, and the Hubei impact is hefty weight. Corporate social responsibility moderated the inverse relationship between this epidemic and Chinese firms' economic success. This research enhances the current literature on the effects of the COVID-19 on financial success and practical, realistic, and theoretical consequences in companies worldwide.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Cultura Organizacional , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Responsabilidade Social
13.
Indian J Med Ethics ; VI(4): 273-278, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666963

RESUMO

This paper distils the key insights from thematic and inter-thematic deliberations of the Global Symposium on Citizenship, Governance and Accountability in Health. It describes the evolution of the symposium theme on linking accountability to citizenship and governance in health while providing an overview of the symposium. The paper further synthesises the key discussions of the core-themes, then lays out analytical reflections that have emerged from the deliberations that touch upon the issues of power and politics surrounding accountability, viz civil society, democracy, power, civic space and the role of private non-state actors that affect health rights of the marginalised.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Política , Responsabilidade Social
16.
Indian J Med Ethics ; VI(4): 279-281, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666964

RESUMO

This paper describes how the COPASAH Global Symposium treated the Theme of 'Community Action in Governance and Accountability for Health System Strengthening'. We first lay out COPASAH's understanding of Social Accountability in health systems as centre-staging the transformative potential of the power of the communities rather than seeing social accountability as merely a tokenistic participation of the community. Through case studies presented by practitioners from across the globe, the Theme positioned communities and civil society at large as central to the governance and accountability of health systems (both public and private). The important role of contextual analysis in defining the strategies and interventions for demanding accountability was discussed. Participants' experiences of demanding accountability brought out clearly the importance of linkages from the local action to global mobilisation. Further, the discussions reaffirmed COPASAH's principles of Social Accountability in Health that informed COPASAH Charter and Call to Action for Social Accountability for Health.


Assuntos
Participação da Comunidade , Responsabilidade Social , Programas Governamentais , Humanos
17.
Indian J Med Ethics ; VI(4): 286-290, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666966

RESUMO

Social accountability is fast being recognised as an important strategy for realisation of sexual and reproductive health rights. However, the predominant approach tends to focus on use of top-down monitoring and accountability tools that do not capture the complexity of politics surrounding this deeply contested terrain. This paper draws on discussions that took place at the COPASAH Global Symposium in October 2019 where grassroots practitioners shared their experiences of seeking accountability and reflected on the myriad challenges in this process. The paper calls for greater nuance and awareness of context in the design and implementation of social accountability interventions, which engage with power and politics between the forces that determine people's access to SRH rights.


Assuntos
Saúde Reprodutiva , Saúde Sexual , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos , Responsabilidade Social
18.
Indian J Med Ethics ; VI(4): 281-285, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666965

RESUMO

The thematic track on accountability of the private and corporate healthcare sectors during the COPASAH Global Symposium aimed to analyse the emergence of the global trend of commercialisation of health systems, and the transition of healthcare from being a public good to a marketable commodity, at the cost of publicly funded healthcare in developing countries. It examined the implications of the lack of state regulation and oversight which has enabled the profit driven private healthcare sector to exploit vulnerable people through overcharging, malpractices and violations of patient's rights. Finally, the session addressed challenges in advocacy of patients' rights and showcased effective campaign strategies used by health activists in different countries to promote accountability of the private healthcare sector. Putting together learnings and insights from this track will help in contributing towards a powerful global counter-narrative, while providing activists with the tools to create awareness and engage with this critical issue.


Assuntos
Setor de Assistência à Saúde , Setor Privado , Atenção à Saúde , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos , Responsabilidade Social
19.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258352, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A systematic review of randomised trials may be conclusive signalling no further research is needed; or identify gaps requiring further research that may then be included in review updates. In qualitative evidence synthesis (QES), the rationale, triggers, and methods for updating are less clear cut. We updated a QES on adherence to anti-retroviral treatment to examine if thematic saturation renders additional research redundant. METHODS: We adopted the original review search strategy and eligibility criteria to identify studies in the subsequent three years. We assessed studies for conceptual detail, categorised as 'rich' or 'sparse', coding the rich studies. We sought new codes, and appraised whether findings confirmed, extended, enriched, or refuted existing themes. Finally, we examined if the analysis impacted on the original conceptual model. RESULTS: After screening 3895 articles, 301 studies met the inclusion criteria. Rich findings from Africa were available in 82 studies; 146 studies were sparse, contained no additional information on specific populations, and did not contribute to the analysis. New studies enriched our understanding on the relationship between external and internal factors influencing adherence, confirming, extending and enriching the existing themes. Despite careful evaluation of the new literature, we did not identify any new themes, and found no studies that refuted our theory. CONCLUSIONS: Updating an existing QES using the original question confirmed and sometimes enriched evidence within themes but made little or no substantive difference to the theory and overall findings of the original review. We propose this illustrates thematic saturation. We propose a thoughtful approach before embarking on a QES update, and our work underlines the importance of QES priority areas where further primary research may help, and areas where further studies may be redundant.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Cooperação do Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa , África/epidemiologia , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Autoeficácia , Responsabilidade Social , Apoio Social
20.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258200, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624035

RESUMO

The diversified management ability of the non-family members in the top management teams (TMTs) can significantly increase the research and development (R&D) investment of the family firms. However, existing studies focus on family characteristics. To bridge the gap, this study explored the R&D investment propensity for family firms from the perspective of non-family members' participation in TMTs. Based on the upper echelons and the socioemotional wealth theory, this paper incorporated the non-economic goals that influence strategic decisions on family firms into the analytical framework. According to the questionnaire data of Chinese private enterprises, the Tobit regression model was used to analyze the influence of family members on R&D investment decisions under non-economic goal orientations. The results indicated that the preference for control and influence among family members weakens the positive effect of non-family managers on R&D investment, while the preferences for status perception and social responsibility strengthen the positive effect.


Assuntos
Investimentos em Saúde/economia , Investimentos em Saúde/organização & administração , Setor Privado/economia , Setor Privado/organização & administração , Pesquisa/economia , Pesquisa/organização & administração , China , Família , Humanos , Análise de Regressão , Responsabilidade Social , Estatística como Assunto
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