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1.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280758, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662757

RESUMO

In the context of a dynamic environment and increasing competition, innovation is the key for companies to gain long-term growth. And narcissism, as an important psychological factor influencing CEOs to make corporate decisions, has a significant impact on corporate innovation strategies. This study explores localized dimensions and ways of measuring narcissism among Chinese CEOs. Based on the upper echelons theory, using data from R&D-intensive firms listed in Shanghai and Shenzhen A-shares from 2015-2020, this study empirically examines the effect of CEO narcissism on exploratory and exploitative innovation and the mediating role of corporate social responsibility. The results show that: CEO narcissism has a positive effect on corporate ambidextrous technological innovation and a more significant effect on exploratory innovation; the mediating role of corporate social responsibility is all verified. These findings provide a reference for listed companies to select and hire CEOs scientifically and rationally, and have important implications for companies to develop long-term innovation strategies.


Assuntos
Invenções , Narcisismo , Humanos , China , Seleção de Pessoal , Responsabilidade Social
3.
J Vasc Surg ; 77(2): 319-320, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36681481
4.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0279904, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652406

RESUMO

With the increasing attention of the capital market to environmental, social and governance information, sustainability reporting has become an important carrier for stakeholders to gain insight into sustainability of companies. But the emerged "greenwashing" problem has also brought haze to the value creation of capital market. To study the consequences of the pseudo-social responsibility behavior of "greenwashing", this paper takes China's listed companies as the research sample to empirically examine the relationship between sustainability reporting "greenwashing" and "shared value" creation. It is found that the "greenwashing" behavior of corporate sustainability reporting significantly reduces the "shared value" creation, while the degree of sustainability information asymmetry and the quality of information disclosure play a partial mediation role between them. Further analysis shows that the more effective internal control of a company and the greater pressure of external media supervision, the more conducive to weaken the negative impact of "greenwashing" on "shared value" creation. This paper enriches the literature on the economic consequences of "greenwashing" in sustainability disclosure and the influencing factors of "shared value" creation, extends the research on information disclosure and "shared value" from financial information to non-financial information. The results call for the state to promote legislative work, formulate unified standards and compress the "greenwashing" gray space; Governments could implement mandatory disclosure, implement independent authentication and strengthen "greenwashing" social supervision; Companies should strengthen capacity building and improve the "greenwashing" governance mechanism with the help of digital empowerment.


Assuntos
Organizações , Responsabilidade Social , Comportamento Social , Governo , Revelação , China
5.
Instr Course Lect ; 72: 39-46, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36534845

RESUMO

The concept of environmental sustainability, social responsibility, and good governance (ESG) is now well established in the corporate world and in for-profit organizations. However, it is not a concept that has reached medical and surgical association boardrooms in a meaningful way. It is important to define the concept of physician and corporate author expertise and objectives of ESG, provide a rationale for using ESG within orthopaedic organizations, and identify specific areas (primarily the "S" and the "G") where the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and other groups can align with this strategy.


Assuntos
Responsabilidade Social , Humanos , Estados Unidos
6.
Front Public Health ; 10: 963215, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457313

RESUMO

This study employs latent class analysis to analyze the social participation patterns of elderly Chinese, as well as the impact of different social participation patterns on memory. According to the results, older persons exhibit four distinct social participation patterns. and senior citizens with a strong emphasis on entertainment had a better memory than those with a low participation level. Although there was no difference in urban elders' memory across the four social engagement patterns, the connection varied significantly between urban and rural seniors. As a result, it is suggested that the elderly's memory be improved by protecting their right to social involvement, enriching the style and content of social participation, and assuring the continuity of their social obligations.


Assuntos
Participação Social , Idoso , Humanos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Responsabilidade Social
7.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 41(12): 1763-1771, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36469831

RESUMO

Population health strategies tend to focus on individuals' behaviors, genes, or health care access, yet it is well established that socioecological conditions are fundamental to health and strongly influenced by policy. In the US, health and other policies continue to be shaped by the country's unique legacy of racial and economic segregation. Policy reform must be at the center of population health. This requires communities to have power. We present theoretical and empirical research linking community power and health, and we share an example of our work in which communities organized to hold policy makers accountable for advancing health equity in the distribution of parks. We call this a democratic approach to health improvement and discuss how population health, whether part of public health, philanthropy, or health care, needs to focus on community power and include funding for power-building organizations. We conclude that achieving health equity requires enhancing the quality of democracy.


Assuntos
Equidade em Saúde , Saúde da População , Humanos , Política de Saúde , Saúde Pública , Responsabilidade Social
8.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1004767, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36452948

RESUMO

The agriculture sector is a traditional economic pillar of many emerging economies. However, it is facing greater occupational health and safety (OHS) challenges in Pakistan, and its performance is continuously decreasing. An effective OHS implementation provides better control over OHS challenges and may help to restore its former glory. Therefore, this study aims to explore different organizational decision-making styles and safety accountability to put OHS into practice in this sector. Based on institutional theory, a theoretical framework was developed. Two hundred and eighty-seven agriculture farms in Punjab, Pakistan were surveyed and analyzed using SmartPLS 3.3.7. The findings revealed that implementation styles (rational and incremental) and safety accountability positively impact OHS implementation. Similarly, the moderating role of mimetic motives was found positively significant in the relationship between rational style and OHS implementation, and negatively significant in the relationship between incremental style and OHS implementation. While no moderating effect of mimetic motive was found between safety accountability and OHS implementation. This study suggested that OHS implementation should not be viewed as a social or technical issue alone. Strategic arrangements should be made at the organizational level to gain better control over OHS challenges by considering the institutional environment in which the organization operates.


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador , Responsabilidade Social , Motivação , Agricultura , Tomada de Decisões
10.
PLoS One ; 17(12): e0278330, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36525416

RESUMO

Accountability is an imperative element of organizations that Human Resource Management establishes as a behavior guideline. It encourages employees to be responsible for decisions and actions they took. Employing Social Cognitive theory, this study aims to investigate the mechanism of how formalization influences employee accountability. We hypothesize that this relationship is mediated by managerial monitoring behavior and perceived competence. Data was collected from 331 employees of a government agency in Indonesia. Structural equation modelling analysis reveals that (1) formalization directly and indirectly influences employee accountability, and its direct effect is higher than its indirect effect, suggesting the importance of formalization system in Human Resource Management; (2) the contribution of perceived competence as a mediator between formalization and employee accountability is higher than the contribution of managerial monitoring behavior, suggesting the importance of micro-foundations of Human Resource research; (3) the relationship between formalization and employee accountability was serially mediated by managerial monitoring behavior, which was preceded by managerial monitoring behavior for task performance and continued by managerial monitoring behavior for interpersonal facilitation This study contributes to international Human Resource Management literature by explaining the mechanism by which formalization affect accountability.


Assuntos
Emprego , Responsabilidade Social , Humanos , Indonésia , Organizações , Recursos Humanos
11.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1040913, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36530728

RESUMO

The Theory of Change (ToC) approach is one of the methodologies that the Lancet Citizens' Commission has chosen to build a roadmap to achieving Universal Healthcare (UHC) in India in the next 10 years. The work of the Citizens' Commission is organized around five workstreams: Finance, Human Resources for Health (HRH), Citizens' Engagement, Governance, and Technology. Five ToC workshops were conducted, one for each workstream. Individual workshop outputs were then brought together in two cross-workstream workshops where a sectoral Theory of Change for UHC was derived. Seventy-four participants, drawn from the Commission or invited for their expertise, and representing diverse stakeholders and sectors concerned with UHC, contributed to these workshops. A reimagined healthcare system achieves (1) enhanced transparency, accountability, and responsiveness; (2) improved quality of health services; (3) accessible, comprehensive, connected, and affordable care for all; (4) equitable, people-centered and safe health services; and (5) trust in the health system. For a mixed system like India's, achieving these high ideals will require all actors, public, private and civil society, to collaborate and bring about this transformation. During the consultation, paradigm shifts emerged, which were structural or systemic assumptions that were deemed necessary for the realization of all interventions. Critical points of consensus also emerged from the workshops, such as the need for citizen-centricity, greater efficiency in the use of public finances for health care, shifting to team-based managed care, empowerment of frontline health workers, the appropriate use of technology across all phases of patient care, and moving toward an articulation of positive health and wellbeing. Critical areas of contention that remained related to the role of the private sector, especially around financing and service delivery. Few issues for further consultation and research were noted, such as payment for performance across both public and private sectors, the use of accountability metrics across both public and private sectors, and the strategies for addressing structural barriers to realizing the proposed paradigm shifts. As the ToCs were developed in expert groups, citizens' consultations and consultations with administrative leaders were recommended to refine and ground the ToC, and therefore the roadmap to realize UHC, in people's lived reality.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Cobertura Universal do Seguro de Saúde , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde , Setor Privado , Responsabilidade Social
12.
JAMA ; 328(23): 2366, 2022 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36538318
13.
PLoS One ; 17(12): e0278541, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36480576

RESUMO

Employees, as the most valuable assets and critical sources of competitive advantage in enterprises, are among the important stakeholders in enterprises. Employee social responsibility (ESR) has been a continually important research interest in the field of enterprise social responsibility. However, in the literature, few studies explore how personal features affect employee social responsibility. Thus, sampling China's listed companies from 2006 to 2019, we investigate how the home bias of senior executives influences enterprises' employee social responsibility. We identify home bias based on whether a chairperson's or CEO's hometown matches the firm's registration place. Three main results are obtained. First, the home bias of both CEOs and chairpersons can improve the corporate fulfillment of employee social responsibility. Second, further cost-benefit analysis shows that this result is due to not only identification but also benefit exchange. Although senior executives' home bias significantly decreases employee turnover rate, enterprises absorb more employment, which significantly increases their redundant personnel costs. Therefore, firms should balance the potential benefits and costs incurred by home bias via trade-off. Third, in firms facing less market competition, firms with more governmental subsidies or state-owned firms, senior executives' home bias has a more significant promoting effect on the fulfillment of ESR, supporting the view of benefit exchange. Accordingly, by extending theories on the effects of senior executives' home bias and enriching the ESR literature, this paper has important practical value, our findings can guide and promote firms to perform ESR while actively complying with a national policy for stabilizing employment and ensuring people's well-being.


Assuntos
Políticas , Responsabilidade Social , Humanos
14.
Acta Biomed ; 93(6): e2022346, 2022 12 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36533742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The COVID-19 pandemic forced many institutions to move Team-Based Learning to an online format. The primary aim of this study is to examine the performance of undergraduate nursing students on tRAT and iRAT during online TBL. The secondary aims are to evaluate the students' attitudes and their accountability, preferences and satisfaction with online TBL. METHODS: The study employed a one-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design. The primary outcome was evaluated by comparing the students' average scores in the tRAT versus the iRAT in each online TBL session. The secondary outcomes were evaluated through the questionnaire designed by Parmelee et al. (2009) and the Team-Based Learning Student Assessment Instrument (TBL-SAI) (Mennenga, 2012). RESULTS: A statistically significant improvement was identified between tRAT and iRAT performances in all online TBL sessions (p<0.001). Students' satisfaction with team experience showed a statistically significant increase (p=0.003). Participants considered the peer evaluation to be fair (p<0.001), although it didn't encourage them to study more (p=0.028). Finally, students felt they were able to make the right decisions (p<0.001). The mean scores for accountability (m=30±3.7) and preferences for TBL (m=51.8±6.3) were higher than their neutral values (n=24; n=48). Students' satisfaction was neutral (m=27.8±5, n=27). CONCLUSIONS: In online TBL, teamwork has improved individual performances and has been appreciated by the participants. The online TBL had a positive effect on the accountability of students who preferred it to frontal lectures.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Avaliação Educacional , Processos Grupais , Pandemias , Responsabilidade Social , Atitude
16.
BMJ Open ; 12(12): e064137, 2022 12 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549737

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Corruption undermines the quality of healthcare and leads to inequitable access to essential health products. WHO, Global Fund, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and World Bank are engaged in anti-corruption in health sectors globally. Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, weakened health systems and overlooked regulatory processes have increased corruption risks. The objective of this study is thus to explore the strengths and weaknesses of these organisations' anti-corruption mechanisms and their trajectories since the pandemic began. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 25 semistructured key informant interviews with a total of 27 participants were conducted via Zoom between April and July 2021 with informants from WHO, World Bank, Global Fund and UNDP, other non-governmental organisations involved in anti-corruption and academic institutions. Key informant selection was guided by purposive and snowball sampling. Detailed interview notes were qualitatively coded by three researchers. Data analysis followed an inductive-deductive hybrid thematic analysis framework. RESULTS: The findings demonstrate that WHO, World Bank, Global Fund and UNDP have shifted from criminalisation/punitive approaches to anti-corruption to preventative ones and that anti-corruption initiatives are strong when they are well funded, explicitly address corruption and are complemented by strong monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. Weaknesses in the organisations' approaches to anti-corruption include one-size-fits-all approaches, lack of political will to address corruption and zero-tolerance policies for corruption. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the necessity of improving anti-corruption by promoting strong accountability and transparency in health systems. CONCLUSIONS: Results from this study highlight the strengths, weaknesses and recent trajectories of anti-corruption in the Global Fund, World Bank, UNDP and WHO. This study underscores the importance of implementing strong and robust anti-corruption mechanisms specifically geared towards corruption prevention that remain resilient even in times of emergency.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Saúde Global , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Fraude/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Responsabilidade Social
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36497745

RESUMO

This study examines the impact of the 2018 "environmental protection fee to tax" policy on the charitable giving of polluting firms between 2015 and 2019 using a differences-in-differences method. This study found that implementing the "environmental protection fee to tax" policy reduced the level of charitable giving by polluters. The decline in charitable-giving levels was more pronounced among firms classified as heavy polluters, firms from the East of China, and non-state firms. The results suggest that the "environmental protection fee to tax" policy cannot only encourage firms to become more environmentally conscious but can also be used to determine the motivations behind firm charitable donations. The policy of changing environmental protection fees to taxes needs to be effectively implemented in China and strengthen the implementation effect.This study enriches the literature on environmental policies and firm charitable giving and provides empirical evidence on the economic consequences of the "environmental protection fee to tax" policy. It can also help polluters and regulators to understand the "environmental protection fee better to tax" policy and help the government to improve the external systems that regulate and guide corporate social responsibility.


Assuntos
Política Ambiental , Impostos , Responsabilidade Social , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Honorários e Preços , China
18.
PLoS One ; 17(12): e0278815, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36480534

RESUMO

The development of the green economy has significantly impact the traditional mining industry. Mining enterprises must invest in green technology to reduce the environmental pollution caused by flying dust and soil erosion and are subject to increased scrutiny to be socially responsible when conducting their business. To address this issue, we consider a competitive mining supply chain system consisting of two excavators and two exclusive retailers. Among them, the excavators have a certain sense of corporate social responsibility (CSR), that is, in addition to pursuing economic profits, they also consciously pay attention to the interests of consumers. We establish three different game models that two excavators exhibit no CSR behaviour (NN), two excavators exhibit CSR behaviour (SS) and one excavator exhibits CSR behaviour (SN). We examine the optimal decision-making strategies and analyse the impact of social responsibility. Analytical results show that the optimal strategies of mining supply chain are different under different supply chain structures. The optimal decisions of the mining supply chain members are the same in each case under the NN and SS models. In the SN model, the optimal decision strategy value of mining supply chain members is always greater than non-socially responsible supply chain members. In SS model, when the intensity of social responsibility competition is low, two excavators reduce the wholesale price, and retailers reduce the sales price; when the intensity of social responsibility competition is strong, two excavators will increase the wholesale price, and retailers will increase the sales price. These help to promote product sales and increase the profits of the supply chain system. In SN model, with the increase of social responsibility competition intensity, the wholesale price of two excavators and the sales price of retailers first increased and then decreased. Finally, numerical examples illustrated to justify the proposed model.


Assuntos
Responsabilidade Social
20.
Prog Community Health Partnersh ; 16(4): 451-461, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36533496

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Black and Latina Transgender women face systemic marginalization and harm, increasing vulnerability to social stress and poor health outcomes. These communities have limited access to resources to mobilize and create paths toward health equity. OBJECTIVES: In this paper we report on the results of a community partnership to engage Black and Latina transgender communities on the South and West Sides of Chicago and establish service priorities for collective empowerment. METHODS: The Trans Accountability Project (TAP), a steering committee of racially diverse transgender and nonbinary representatives from four partner organizations, was established and led the design, recruitment, implementation, and analysis of a community needs assessment. World café and human-centered design methods, guided two community conversations/listening sessions around four activities: the perfect provider, my dream job, safety planning, and a stake-holder reflection. RESULTS: Sixty-three participants completed three activities and envisioned innovations for 1) accessible and holistic gender-affirming health care, 2) autonomous, flexible, and community-focused jobs in the arts, nonprofit/business, and care professions, and 3) safer social interactions and spaces. Ten stakeholders attended to listen and inform their organizational and clinical practices to empower Black and Latina transgender women. CONCLUSIONS: TAP prioritized accountability, connectedness, and centering the voices of Black and Latina transgender women as a starting point to intervene upon structural marginalization. Five insights emerged and have directed TAP's focus toward employment and collective care. Although further structural change remains a priority, TAP represents a mechanism for sharing power, improving communication and collaboration, and increasing transparency across relevant Chicago community-based organizations.


Assuntos
Equidade em Saúde , Pessoas Transgênero , Feminino , Humanos , Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade , Responsabilidade Social , Iniquidades em Saúde
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