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1.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 106(1): 146-156, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521718

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) commonly affects people of working age, yet there is limited data regarding the return-to-work experience in this cohort. This study aimed to investigate the proportion of survivors currently working after completion of radiation therapy and to explore potential facilitators and barriers to working after treatment. METHODS: A cross-sectional, single-institutional study was undertaken at the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, a comprehensive cancer center in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Eligible participants were 18 to 65 years old at diagnosis, were employed at or within the 3 months before diagnosis, and had completed curative treatment for HPV-associated OPC ≥4 months before enrollment. Participants completed a paper-based survey to assess baseline demographics, employment status, and quality of life (QOL; Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy Head and Neck). Open-ended questions explored factors affecting return to work. Associations between current employment status and various disease, treatment, and demographic variables and with QOL were examined. Free-text items were analyzed by summarizing content analysis. RESULTS: Of 93 participants approached, 68 responded (73.1%). Mean age was 54.1 years (range, 39-64 years), and 89.7% were male. Most participants (67.6%) had stage II disease and were treated with chemoradiation (85.3%). Mean time after treatment was 2.6 years (range, 0.3-9.1 years). Fifty-eight of 68 participants (85.3%) were working at enrollment; median time to return to work was 6.0 months (interquartile range, 4-10 months); 45 (77.6%) were in the same role and 35 (60.3%) worked the same number of hours. Ten participants were not working, 3 had retired, 5 reported persistent and significant treatment toxicity preventing employment. Survivors currently working reported higher physical, functional, and global QOL scores. Access to leave and support from treating doctors were facilitators for return to work, whereas fatigue was frequently reported as a barrier to returning to work. CONCLUSION: With time, the majority of participants with HPV-associated OPC will return to work after radiation therapy. Attention to symptom management and support from the workplace may enable more successful return to work.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/terapia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Qualidade de Vida , Retorno ao Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Quimiorradioterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Fadiga/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/virologia , Papillomaviridae , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Aposentadoria/estatística & dados numéricos , Retorno ao Trabalho/psicologia , Licença Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Vitória , Tolerância ao Trabalho Programado , Local de Trabalho
2.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 106(1): 134-145, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568813

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the employment status in working-age survivors of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and explore clinical, treatment, and sociodemographic factors that may facilitate or impede successful return to work (RTW). METHODS AND MATERIALS: This Canadian study was part of a larger cross-sectional study assessing late toxicities in 107 disease-free survivors of NPC who received curative-intent intensity modulated radiation therapy ≥4 years earlier. For this substudy, eligible participants were employed at diagnosis and were of working age (<65 years) at study enrollment. Patient-reported work status (modified Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Work Status Questionnaire), quality of life (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Head and Neck questionnaire), symptom burden (MD Anderson Symptom Inventory for head and neck cancer), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), neurobehavioral functioning (Frontal Systems Behavior Scale), and neurocognitive function (Montreal Cognitive Assessment) were assessed. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression models were used to explore the impact of variables on RTW status. RESULTS: Among 73 eligible patients, the median age was 53 years (range, 32-64) and median time from intensity modulated radiation therapy completion was 7.3 years (range, 4.2-11.1). At enrollment, 45 (62%) were working, of whom 14 (31%) had reduced work hours from diagnosis by a median of 12 h/wk (range, 4-30). Overall, mean work hours decreased from 41.6 to 37.8 h/wk (P = .005). Currently employed (vs unemployed) patients were younger (P = .017) and reported better performance status (P = .013). They had higher quality of life (P = .044), lower symptom burden (P = .03), less significant change from their baseline neurobehavioral function (P = .008), and disability (P = .0025) or private health benefits (P = .035). Anxiety, depression, occupation type, income, and Montreal Cognitive Assessment score were not significantly associated with RTW in the univariable analysis. Age, change in baseline neurobehavioral function, and having private health benefits were all independent predictors of RTW. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of long-term survivors of NPC do RTW, although almost one-third report working fewer hours. Prospective research is needed to better understand and facilitate successful RTW in survivors of NPC.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Retorno ao Trabalho , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Canadá , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/psicologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/psicologia , Ocupações , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Qualidade de Vida , Retorno ao Trabalho/psicologia , Retorno ao Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Tolerância ao Trabalho Programado
3.
Lakartidningen ; 1162019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688945

RESUMO

By strengthening accessibility and continuity and support via a care manager for primary care patients with depression corresponding to 20-30% of a nursing service, patients recovered significantly faster and to a greater extent than in primary care-as-usual. Return to work occurred significantly earlier in the first three months, and net sick leave period was significantly shorter during the following 4-6 months. To introduce a collaborative care organizational change where the care manager is the hub and coordinates care for the patient and makes it possible to adapt the care according to the patient's needs throughout the care process, is thus the individual effort shown to have the greatest efficiency in Swedish primary care to increase the quality of care of depression. This approach, where the clinic and academy work closely and continuously in the development and evaluation phases, makes it possible to rapidly develop new ways of working where consideration is given to the complexity of primary care and the complexity of care needs and care efforts.


Assuntos
Administração de Caso , Depressão/terapia , Transtorno Depressivo/terapia , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente , Assistência ao Convalescente , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Análise Custo-Benefício , Depressão/economia , Transtorno Depressivo/economia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Retorno ao Trabalho , Licença Médica , Suécia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 301-308, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616150

RESUMO

Objective: We aimed to characterize patients after an acute cardiac event regarding their negative expectations around returning to work and the impact on work capacity upon discharge from cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Methods: We analyzed routine data of 884 patients (52±7 years, 76% men) who attended 3 weeks of inpatient CR after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or cardiac surgery between October 2013 and March 2015. The primary outcome was their status determining their capacity to work (fit vs unfit) at discharge from CR. Further, sociodemographic data (eg, age, sex, and education level), diagnoses, functional data (eg, exercise stress test and 6-min walking test [6MWT]), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and self-assessment of the occupational prognosis (negative expectations and/or unemployment, Würzburger screening) at admission to CR were considered. Results: A negative occupational prognosis was detected in 384 patients (43%). Out of these, 368 (96%) expected not to return to work after CR and/or were unemployed before CR at 29% (n=113). Affected patients showed a reduced exercise capacity (bicycle stress test: 100 W vs 118 W, P<0.01; 6MWT: 380 m vs 421 m, P<0.01) and were more likely to receive a depression diagnosis (12% vs 3%, P<0.01), as well as higher levels on the HADS. At discharge from CR, 21% of this group (n=81) were fit for work (vs 35% of patients with a normal occupational prognosis (n=175, P<0.01)). Sick leave before the cardiac event (OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.6, P<0.01), negative occupational expectations (OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.3-0.7, P<0.01) and depression (OR 0.3, 95% CI 0.1-0.8, P=0.01) reduced the likelihood of achieving work capacity upon discharge. In contrast, higher exercise capacity was positively associated. Conclusion: Patients with a negative occupational prognosis often revealed a reduced physical performance and suffered from a high psychosocial burden. In addition, patients' occupational expectations were a predictor of work capacity at discharge from CR. Affected patients should be identified at admission to allow for targeted psychosocial care.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/reabilitação , Reabilitação Cardíaca , Motivação , Alta do Paciente , Pacientes/psicologia , Retorno ao Trabalho , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/psicologia , Adulto , Comorbidade , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Rev Prat ; 69(4): 449-453, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626505

RESUMO

Given the chronicity of cancer, its related treatments and sequalae, more attention has been paid to questioning the living conditions of cancer survivors. In the early 2000s, research have highlighted the occupational difficulties faced by cancer survivors in the first two years after diagnosis. In the line of these, this article aims to provide clinicians with information on the situation within the five years following cancer diagnosis, based on results of the VICAN5 survey. We explored three main themes: the differences between salaried and self-employed workers, the main sequelae related to the disease or the treatments, having an impact on the working lives of people concerned, and finally, the workstation layouts and their effect on job retention. The main objective is to make clinicians, who may be involved in supporting professionally active patients, aware of the difficulties that these later may encounter. Clinicians need to keep in mind the specific constraint faced by self-employed individuals since they are more likely to reduce their sick leave for financial reasons or for the functioning of their company. They also need to pay more attention to the patient-reported sequalae in order to ensure an adequate care, especially for fatigue and chronic neuropathic pain that can strongly affect his/her professional life. Finally, the clinician who is aware of the effectiveness of workstation layouts will be able to inform and to support his/her patient more precisely.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias , Retorno ao Trabalho , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Fadiga , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17064, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most systematic reviews have explored the efficacy of treatments on symptoms associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is a chronic and often disabling condition. Previous network meta-analysis (NMA) had limitations such as focusing on pharmacological or psychotherapies. Our review is aims to explore the relative effectiveness of both pharmacological and psychotherapies and we will establish the differential efficacy of interventions for PTSD in consideration of both symptom reduction and functional recovery. METHODS: We will conduct a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials evaluating treatment interventions for PTSD. We will systematically search Medline, PILOT, Embase, CINHAL, AMED, Psychinfo, Health Star, DARE and CENTRAL to identify trials that: (1) enroll adult patients with PTSD, and (2) randomize them to alternative interventions or an intervention and a placebo/sham arm. Independent reviewers will screen trials for eligibility, assess risk of bias using a modified Cochrane instrument, and extract data. Our outcomes of interest include PTSD symptom reduction, quality of life, functional recovery, social and occupational impairment, return to work and all-cause drop outs. RESULTS: We will conduct frequentist random-effects network meta-analysis to assess relative effects of competing interventions. We will use a priori hypotheses to explore heterogeneity between studies, and assess the certainty of evidence using the GRADE approach. CONCLUSION: This network meta-analysis will determine the comparative effectiveness of therapeutic options for PTSD on both symptom reduction and functional recovery. Our results will be helpful to clinicians and patients with PTSD, by providing a high-quality evidence synthesis to guide shared-care decision making.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Protocolos Clínicos , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Meta-Análise em Rede , Psicoterapia , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Retorno ao Trabalho , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/tratamento farmacológico
7.
Bull Cancer ; 106(11): 1039-1049, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570215

RESUMO

Return to work is a public health priority which led the French Health Authority to publish recommendations about "return to work and health: prevention of exclusion from work". The aim of this article is to present a literature review of return to work after cancer. Studies about medium-term and long-term effects of cancer are sparse. They suggest worker durable effects. Factors associated with return to work are linked to the patient characteristics, to characteristics of the illness and the treatment, to the workplace and to the help provided to the patient during the return to work process. A specific plan for returning to work in 3 phases (situation comprehension, identification of negative and positive factors for returning to work, implementation of measures concerning the patient, the workplace and the coordination between return to work actors) should be built for each patient, involving the worker, the occupational practitioner, the general and specialist practitioners.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Retorno ao Trabalho , Fatores Etários , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Local de Trabalho
8.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 759, 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In return-to-work (RTW) programs, coordinators are often provided in order to integrate services. However, models of coordinating services vary widely internationally, and across different programs, where one distinction is between vertical and horizontal integration (i.e. between levels/institutions, or within one service/level). The aim of this study was therefore to explore and describe if and how a coordinator was provided in RTW-programs, and whether the provision of a coordinator was associated with certain personal or intervention characteristics. METHODS: The study was designed as a cohort study following employees participating in a variety of Rapid-RTW-programs in Norway (n = 39). Employees (n = 494) answered a self-administered questionnaire, which was linked to register-data on diagnoses and sickness-absence. Employees who replied yes/no to the question "Did the program provide a person who tailored or coordinated your services?" were included in this analysis. Associations for being provided with a coordinator were tested in adjusted logistic regression models. RESULTS: Sixty-nine percent of the employees reported having a coordinator. These coordinators were mainly responsible for coordinating treatment within own programs (i.e. horizontal coordination, 68%). As expected, rehabilitation programs more often provided a coordinator compared to treatment programs (OR 3.87 95% CI 2.42-6.24). The odds for being provided with a coordinator were reduced for each additional year of age of the employee (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.96-0.99). More professions were involved in programs that provided coordinators, also more contact with other stakeholders like leaders and social insurance services (NAV), but only contact with supervisor remained statistically significant in adjusted analysis (OR 1.69 95% CI 0.31-9.27). The programs with a coordinator more often provided adaptations at the workplace for the individual employee (OR 0.08 95% CI 0.01-0.60). However, these signs of vertical integration were only evident for a limited number of employees. CONCLUSION: In this study, seven of ten employees reported to have a coordinator, which was associated with more professions and stakeholder involvement in the RTW-process. Most of these coordinators did not coordinate vertically between the service levels and types of intervention arenas for sick listed employees (i.e. workplace, social security, and health care services), as recommended in earlier research.


Assuntos
Retorno ao Trabalho , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
9.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 139(13)2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Norueguês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low back pain is considered to be the most common single cause of sickness absence. In 2010, Sørlandet Hospital Arendal established an interdisciplinary treatment programme through the Faster Return-to-Work scheme, based on the relevant guidelines for patients with low back pain. In this study we present our experiences from six years of the treatment programme. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Patients who were referred to Sørlandet Hospital in Arendal in the period 2011-16 due to long-term symptoms of low back pain were offered interdisciplinary treatment. This included a one-to-one consultation with a doctor, four weeks of group-based low back school, and physiotherapist-led exercise as well as eight weeks of either physiotherapist-led exercise or home exercise. The degree of sick leave and functional level using scores on the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) were reported at the outset and after 4 and 12 weeks. RESULTS: A total of 43 patients in employment completed the treatment programme. The average age was 41.9 years and 52 % were women. Altogether 57 % were on certified sick leave at the outset and the remainder were assessed as being at high risk of going on sick leave. A total of 7.5 % were placed on sick leave during the observation period, while 28.5 % of those on sick leave were declared completely fit. Altogether 52.7 % of the patients had a clinically significant reduction in RMDQ scores (> 3.5 points). INTERPRETATION: The interdisciplinary treatment programme appears to improve function and reduce sickness absent in patients with long-term low back pain. This study has a short follow-up time and no control group; the observations must therefore be interpreted with caution.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar/terapia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Adulto , Avaliação da Deficiência , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Hospitais Comunitários , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Retorno ao Trabalho , Licença Médica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1248, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, there have not been any workforce-based Japanese cohort studies investigating work sustainability after return to work (RTW). The objective of this study was to investigate the post-RTW cumulative recurrent sick leave rate and cumulative resignation rate among female cancer survivors. METHODS: Among Japanese employees who were registered in the Japan sickness absence and return to work (J-SAR) study, the subjects were those female employees who returned to work after sick leave due to newly clinically diagnosed cancer (C01-C99; ICD-10), based on a physician's certificate, between 2000 and 2011. The last day of the follow-up period was December 31, 2012. The recurrent sickness leave rate and resignation rate were calculated using competing risk survival analysis. RESULTS: Of 223 cancer survivors, 61 took further physician-certified sick leave after their RTW. The median duration of the post-RTW work period among all cancer survivors was 10.6 years. The work continuance rates of the female cancer survivors were 83.2 and 60.4% at 1 and 5 years after they returned to work, respectively. There was a steep reduction in the work continuance rate during the first post-RTW year. There were considerable differences in the work continuance rate according to the primary cancer site. Cumulative recurrent sick leave rates of 11.8 and 28.9% were seen at 1 and 5 years after the subjects returned to work. The cumulative resignation rate was 5.0 and 10.7% at 1 and 5 years after the subjects returned to work. Most recurrent sick leave occurred in the first year after the subjects returned to work, followed by the second year. CONCLUSIONS: Sixty percent of female cancer survivors were still working at 5 years after returning to work, although the work continuance rates for different types of cancer varied significantly.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Retorno ao Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Licença Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Análise de Sobrevida
11.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1211-1218, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484857

RESUMO

Extra- and/or intracorporeal renal replacement therapy can improve the cardiorenal hemodynamics in patients with advanced heart failure (HF) refractory to medical therapy and renal failure. Here, we report the case of a 51-year-old woman with inotrope-dependent end-stage HF and chronic renal failure due to anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy, in whom the induction of hemodiafiltration and subsequent chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) provided a dramatic improvement of her cardiac hemodynamics from restrictive to almost normal physiology assessed by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization. The patient returned to office work with New York Heart Association functional class I-II symptoms for at least 3 years with continuous ambulatory PD after hospital discharge.


Assuntos
Síndrome Cardiorrenal/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Peritoneal/métodos , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Antraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Biópsia por Agulha , Síndrome Cardiorrenal/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Crônica , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hemodiafiltração/métodos , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Falência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Retorno ao Trabalho , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 101(15): 1366-1374, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Upper-limb injuries and musculoskeletal disorders represent a major economic burden for both patients and society, largely due to limitations in returning to work. We hypothesized that a positive patient-surgeon relationship may facilitate patients' recovery and lead to a faster return to work. METHODS: This longitudinal observational study comprised 219 patients, from 8 French hand trauma centers, who were 18 to 55 years of age and were on sick leave from work because of an injury or musculoskeletal disorder of the upper limb. In addition to instruments measuring patients' functional scores and quality of life, the quality of the patient-surgeon relationship was assessed at enrollment using a specific questionnaire (Q-PASREL [Quality of PAtient-Surgeon RELationship]). Six months after enrollment, the return-to-work status was assessed. Logistic and Cox regression models were developed to identify predictors of return to work (yes/no) and the time off from work in days. RESULTS: Overall, 74% of the patients who returned to work within 6 months after enrollment had a high or medium-high Q-PASREL score, whereas 64% of the patients who were still on sick leave had a low or medium-low Q-PASREL score. The odds of patients with a low or medium-low Q-PASREL score returning to work were, respectively, 95% and 71% lower than the odds of patients with a high score doing so, with a percent difference of 56% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 40% to 71%) for low versus high (odds ratio [OR] = 0.05 [95% CI = 0.02 to 0.13]) and 25% (95% CI = 6% to 44%) for medium-low versus high (OR = 0.29 [95% CI = 0.11 to 0.76]). All Q-PASREL items and scores were significantly associated with return to work. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a lower Q-PASREL score and more severe disability were less likely to return to work within 6 months and had a longer time off from work. Efforts to improve the quality of patient-surgeon relationships may minimize the duration of sick leaves and accelerate patient recovery. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic Level II. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Braço/cirurgia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Retorno ao Trabalho/economia , Licença Médica/economia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Traumatismos do Braço/diagnóstico , Traumatismos do Braço/reabilitação , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , França , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/reabilitação , Relações Médico-Paciente , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medição de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Traumatologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 139(11)2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Norueguês, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Return-To-Work Self-Efficacy Scale questionnaire maps self-efficacy upon return to work following acute lower back pain. We wished to translate and validate the questionnaire, as well as to assess the concordance between the translated form and two other forms. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The questionnaire was translated into Norwegian according to recommended guidelines. Employees in the health and care service with musculoskeletal symptoms were recruited for the study. Cross-cultural validity was assessed by principal component analysis and internal consistency by Cronbach's alpha. Conceptual validity was assessed by correlation between the translated form and simultaneous measurements from two questionnaires that focus on closely related characteristics: the Tampa scale for kinesiophobia and the Demand-ControlSupport model. RESULTS: The Norwegian questionnaire is called 'Job-related self-efficacy'. Of a sample of 229 persons, 206 (89.9 %) were included in the analyses. Principal component analysis supported cross-cultural validity through findings of a three-factor structure in accordance with the original questionnaire. Internal consistency was high for all questions in the questionnaire (0.95), as well as for each of the three factors: meet job requirements (0.99), communicate needs to others (0.97) and adapt work duties (0.96), after adjusting for the number of questions. There were low correlations (< 0.40) between Job-Related Self-Efficacy and the Tampa scale for kinesiophobia, and the various factors in the Demand-Control-Support questionnaire, respectively. INTERPRETATION: The 'Job-Related Self-Efficacy' questionnaire has satisfactory cross-cultural validity after it was translated, and satisfactory internal consistency.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar/psicologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/psicologia , Retorno ao Trabalho/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Idoso , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Comparação Transcultural , Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Musculoesquelética/psicologia , Noruega , Saúde do Trabalhador , Medição da Dor , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Licença Médica , Apoio Social , Traduções , Estados Unidos , Desempenho Profissional , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Nervenarzt ; 90(12): 1261-1269, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence for the effectiveness of work-related medical rehabilitation (WMR) for a successful return to work (RTW) is lacking for neurological diseases. The aim of this study was therefore to correlate the cross-indication screening instrument for the identification of the demand of work-related medical rehabilitation (SIMBO­C) with the individualized clinical anamnestic determination of severe restrictions of work ability (SRWA) as a required access criterion for admittance to neurological WMR. A further aim was to compare the rate of successful RTW in rehabilitants with and without WMR measures 6 months after inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: On admission SRWA were routinely screened by an individualized clinical anamnestic determination with subsequent assignment to WMR or conventional rehabilitation. At the beginning of rehabilitation the SIMBO-C was applied and 6 months after the rehabilitation the RTW status was surveyed. RESULTS: Of the 80 rehabilitants 44 (55%) received WMR. On admission they showed a higher SIMBO-C score (41.3 ± 15.7 vs. 26.2 ± 18.6 points, p = 0.002), on discharge more often locomotor and psychomental disorders (55% vs. 36%, p = 0.10 and 46% vs. 22%, p = 0.03, respectively) and longer incapacitation times after rehabilitation of > 4 weeks (66% vs. 33%, p = 0.02) compared to those without WMR. At 6 months follow-up after discharge the 2 groups did not significantly differ with respect to successful RTW (61% vs. 66%, p = 0.69). The SIMBO-C (cut-off ≥ 30 points) showed a medium correlation with the individualized clinical anamnestic determination of SRWA (r = 0.33, p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: The applied neurological WMR concept accomplished a comparable RTW rate between rehabilitants with SRWA by a WMR and those without SRWA and conventional rehabilitation. The SIMBO-C should only be used in combination with the individualized anamnesis to identify SRWA.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso , Neurologia , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/diagnóstico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/reabilitação , Neurologia/tendências , Retorno ao Trabalho , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
J Rehabil Med ; 51(10): 741-748, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore stroke survivors' experiences of healthcare-related facilitators and barriers concerning return to work after stroke. DESIGN: A qualitative study. SETTING: Outpatient stroke rehabilitation unit at a University Hospital in southern Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: A convenient sample of 20 persons admitted to Skåne University Hospital for acute stroke care (median age 52 years), in employment of at least 10 h per week at stroke onset and having been referred to stroke rehabilitation within 180 days. METHODS: The interviews were performed by focus groups, and the data were analysed by content analysis. RESULTS: Facilitating factors were a tailored rehabilitation content with relevant treatments, adequate timing and a structured stepwise return-to-work process. A lack of sufficient early healthcare information, rehabilitation planning and coordination were perceived as barriers. An early rehabilitation plan, a contact person, and improved communication between rehabilitation actors were requested, as well as help with work transport, home care, children and psychosocial support for families. CONCLUSION: Tailored rehabilitation content and a structured stepwise return-to-work process facilitated return to work. Insufficient structure within the healthcare system and lack of support in daily life were perceived barriers to return to work, and need to be improved. These aspects should be considered in the return-to-work process after stroke.


Assuntos
Comunicação em Saúde , Retorno ao Trabalho , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reabilitação Neurológica/organização & administração , Suécia
16.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 101(16): e80, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traumatic brachial plexus injuries (BPIs) disproportionately affect young, able-bodied individuals. Beyond direct costs associated with medical treatment, there are far-reaching indirect costs related to disability and lost productivity. Our objective was to estimate per-patient indirect cost associated with BPI. METHODS: We estimated indirect costs as the sum of (1) short-term wage loss, (2) long-term wage loss, and (3) disability payments. Short-term (6-month) wage loss was the product of missed work days and the average earnings per day. The probability of return to work was derived from a systematic review of the literature, and long-term wage loss and disability payments were estimated. Monte Carlo simulation was used to perform a sensitivity analysis of long-term wage loss by varying age, sex, and return to work simultaneously. Disability benefits were estimated from U.S. Social Security Administration data. All cost estimates are in 2018 U.S. dollars. RESULTS: A systematic review of the literature demonstrated that the patients with BPI had a mean age of 26.4 years, 90.5% were male, and manual labor was the most represented occupation. On the basis on these demographics, our base case was a 26-year-old American man working as a manual laborer prior to BPI, with an annual wage of $36,590. Monte Carlo simulation estimated a short-term wage loss of $22,740, a long-term wage loss of $737,551, and disability benefits of $353,671. The mean total indirect cost of traumatic BPI in the Monte Carlo simulations was $1,113,962 per patient over the post-injury lifetime (median: $801,723, interquartile range: $22,740 to $2,350,979). If the probability of the patient returning to work at a different, lower-paying job was doubled, the per-patient total indirect cost was $867,987. CONCLUSIONS: BPI can have a far-reaching economic impact on both individuals and society. If surgical reconstruction enables patients with a BPI to return to work, the indirect cost of this injury decreases. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Economic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.


Assuntos
Plexo Braquial/lesões , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Avaliação da Deficiência , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/economia , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/terapia , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Adulto , Neuropatias do Plexo Braquial/economia , Neuropatias do Plexo Braquial/etiologia , Neuropatias do Plexo Braquial/terapia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método de Monte Carlo , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/diagnóstico , Retorno ao Trabalho/economia , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol ; 24(3): 276-282, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438801

RESUMO

Background: Metaphyseal core decompression of the distal radius (MCD) is clinically effective in early lunate necrosis without changing individual wrist mechanics. Its concept is based on the induction of physiologic mechanisms known as physiologic fracture healing response. However, this biological concept does not yet have its place in the historically developed mechanical concepts about Kienböck's disease and requires more detailed clarifications to understand when a change of individual wrist mechanics might be unnecessary. Methods: Thirteen consecutive cases, Lichtman stage I (n = 1) or II (n = 12), confirmed by conventional MRI, were treated by MCD. Time off work, changes in magnetic resonance imaging of the lunate, as well as clinical outcome using modified Mayo wrist score were evaluated at final follow-up. Results: Return to work was at six (1-10) weeks after surgery. MRI controls at short-term generally demonstrated stop of progression and signs of bone healing. Independently from ulna variance complete signal normalization was observed in six and a distinct, yet incomplete decrease of lunate bone marrow edema and zones of fat necrosis was confirmed in further six cases after a mean of 21 (13-51) weeks. One patient had radiographic controls only, stating normal healing at 56 months. After a mean follow-up of 37 (12-70) months the clinical outcomes were excellent in eleven and good in two cases (mean 95% in modified Mayo wrist score). Conclusions: In stage I and II lunate necrosis MCD stops disease progression, it improves clinical symptoms and induces normalization of lunate bone signal alterations in MRI. Findings suggest that stage I and II lunate necrosis can be effectively treated without alterations of individual wrist mechanics. Future studies are necessary to readjust common concepts regarding Kienböck's disease, especially focusing on conservative therapy.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Osso Semilunar/cirurgia , Osteonecrose/cirurgia , Rádio (Anatomia)/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Força da Mão , Humanos , Osso Semilunar/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Semilunar/patologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteonecrose/diagnóstico por imagem , Retorno ao Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
18.
Recenti Prog Med ; 110(7): 356-363, 2019.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379371

RESUMO

Early detection and progression in the treatment of cancer patient have improved the prognosis of many patients. In view of this improvement, cancer should be considered less as a terminal illness, but as a chronic disease, and the number of cancer survivors continues to increase in the West countries. Work coud be very important for cancer patients and for society; however studies on this topic from Italy are fragmentary and very poor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective observational study started at the Medical oncology unit, Hospital of Piacenza (North Italy). All the patients between 18 and 65 years of age, diagnosed with early or metastatic cancer, admitted to the outpatient clinic, were analyzed for employment and work-related issues (job interruption, returning to work, job loss). A questionnaire with socio-demographic and job related information was submitted to each patient. RESULTS: From January 2015 to June 2017, 2,187 patients with a new diagnosis of cancer were admitted to the outpatient clinic, 550 patients (25.15%) were be-tween 18 and 65 year old, and 416 patients (75.64%) participated to the study. 278 (66.83%) women and 138 (33.17%) men, mean age 50.32±7.90 years (range 18-65), 39.18% were employees, 29.81% workers, 328 (78.85%) with subordinate job, the majority of patients had an high school or academic degree (63.46%). 196 (47.12%) patients had breast cancer, 85 (20.43%) gas-trointestinal cancer, 41 (9.86%) lung cancer, and 94 pa-tients (22.59%) had other cancer; 105 patients (25.24%) showed metastatic cancer and 134 (32.21%) had comor-bidity. After 6 months 178 patients (42.79%) interrupted their work, of these, 99 were women, 35.61% of the 278 female and 79 men, 57.25% of the 138 males, 69 worker (38.76%), 94 with low level of education (52.81%). The majority of patients (86.67%) with metastatic cancer, or treated with chemotherapy (61.60%), or with comorbidity (50.75%), left their work after 6 months from diagnosis. Only 22 of 178 patients (12.36%) in our series returned to work, of these, 20 (90.90%) were women, 17 with breast cancer (85%). DISCUSSION: Our findings suggest that there is a significant association between job loss and gender (male), low level of education/heavy works, advanced stage of cancer, chemotherapy and comorbidity. It is important that clinicians and institutions consider work-related issue in cancer patients and perform adequate organizational and normative interventions.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Retorno ao Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
19.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(7)2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300605

RESUMO

Acquired C1-inhibitor (C1-INH) deficiency is a rare and potentially life-threatening disorder, which presents with recurrent attacks of non-pitting oedema to the face, airway, limbs or gastrointestinal tract. It is often associated with underlying B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. We describe a case of a 73-year-old man with acquired C1-INH deficiency who presented with nephrotic syndrome due to glomerular IgM deposition, secondary to an underlying secretory lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma. Both the acquired C1-INH deficiency and the nephrotic syndrome resolved when the underlying B-cell lymphoma was treated with rituximab and bendamustine, suggesting the underlying lymphoproliferative malignancy was driving both disorders.


Assuntos
Angioedemas Hereditários/diagnóstico , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Nefrótica/diagnóstico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/diagnóstico , Idoso , Angioedemas Hereditários/tratamento farmacológico , Angioedemas Hereditários/etiologia , Angioedemas Hereditários/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Nefrótica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Nefrótica/etiologia , Síndrome Nefrótica/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Retorno ao Trabalho , Resultado do Tratamento , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/complicações , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/tratamento farmacológico , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/fisiopatologia
20.
Epidemiol Prev ; 43(2-3): 171-176, 2019.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31293136

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to estimate the effect on the return to work of patients with neoplastic colorectal disease. Specifically, it was assessed whether and how the return to work affects the quality of life, and the psychological and social sphere of patients with colorectal carcinoma. DESIGN: in June 2018, a systematic review of the literature was performed, investigating the Medline (PubMed) and Scopus databases. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the studies included in the review focused on patients with a diagnosis of colorectal cancer as a test population. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: return to work in patients with a diagnosis of colorectal cancer. RESULTS: after the screening process, 10 articles were included in the research: • 6 studies assessed the effects that work and return to employment have on patients diagnosed with cancer; • 1 study assessed the effects of the disease and treatments on personal finances; • 1 study assessed the influence of medical treatments on the ability to return to work; • 1 study assessed the effect of the diagnosis of cancer on employment; • 1 study assessed the management of cancer diseases by employers. The included studies show a significant impact on the subjects' emotional sphere, with repercussions on employment levels that fall from 39% to 31% in the first 15 months after diagnosis. Complications and critical issues related to therapeutic pathways influence private finances. When compared to healthy subjects, cancer patients show a greater reduction in expenses for food or clothing (39% vs. 27%; p=0.001) and a higher probability of requiring loans (18% vs. 11%; p=0.007). CONCLUSION: among the interventions that protect the well-being of the patient after the tumour disease, the returning to work is a crucial aspect. The impact that employment has on the quality of life of the patient and on the achievement of economic and social well-being for the individual and for the community are important.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/psicologia , Retorno ao Trabalho , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Neoplasias Colorretais/economia , Neoplasias Colorretais/reabilitação , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Pacientes/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida
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