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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18611, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895812

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This systematic review protocol aims to examine the evidence of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interventions for children and adolescents with, or at risk of developing mental disorders in low- and middle-income countries (LAMICs). METHODS: We will search Medline Ovid, EMBASE Ovid, PsycINFO Ovid, CINAHL, LILACS, BDENF and IBECS. We will include randomised and non-randomised controlled trials, economic modelling studies and economic evaluations. Participants are 6 to 18 year-old children and adolescents who live in a LAMIC and who present with, or are at high risk of developing, one or more of the conditions: depression, anxiety, behavioural disorders, eating disorders, psychosis, substance abuse, autism and intellectual disabilities as defined by the DSM-V. Interventions which address suicide, self-harm will also be included, if identified during the extraction process. We will include in person or e-health interventions which have some evidence of effectiveness (in relation to clinical and/or functional outcomes) and which have been delivered to young people in LAMICs. We will consider a wide range of delivery channels (e.g., in person, web-based or virtual, phone), different practitioners (healthcare practitioners, teachers, lay health care providers) and sectors (i.e., primary, secondary and tertiary health care, education, guardianship councils). In the pilot of screening procedures, 5% of all references will be screened by two reviewers. Divergences will be resolved by one expert in mental health research. Reviewers will be retrained afterwards to ensure reliability. The remaining 95% will be screened by one reviewer. Covidence web-based tool will be used to perform screening of references and full text paper, and data extraction. RESULTS: The protocol of this systematic review will be disseminated in a peer-reviewed journal and presented at relevant conferences. The results will be presented descriptively and, if possible, meta-analysis will be conducted. Ethical approval is not needed for anonymised secondary data. CONCLUSION: the systematic review could help health specialists and other professionals to identify evidence-based strategies to deal with child and adolescents with mental health conditions.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/terapia , Criança , Humanos , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/economia , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18457, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world, with approximately 300 million asthma patients worldwide. The mortality rate of asthma is 1.6 to 36.7 / 100,000 people, and China has become one of the countries with the highest asthma death rate in the world. Asthma is a chronic allergic airway inflammatory disease. Patients with this disease may have symptoms such as cough, wheezing, and difficulty breathing. For many years, Western medicine has mainly used anti-inflammatory, anti-bronchial spasm, asthma, cough and oxygen to treat this disease, but the effect is not good. Clinical studies in recent years have found that the use of acupuncture in the treatment of bronchial asthma has a good clinical application prospect. This study was conducted to study the effect of using acupuncture to treat asthma. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search for PubMed, Cochrane Library, AMED, EMbase, WorldSciNet; Nature, Science online and China Journal Full-text Database (CNKI), China Biomedical Literature CD-ROM Database (CBM), and related randomized controlled trials included in the China Resources Database. The time is limited from the construction of the library to November 2019. We will use the criteria provided by Cochrane 5.1.0 for quality assessment and risk assessment of the included studies, and use the Revman 5.3 and Stata13.0 software for meta-analysis of the effectiveness, recurrence rate, and symptom scores of asthma. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This systematic review will evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for asthma. Because all of the data used in this systematic review and meta-analysis has been published, this review does not require ethical approval. Furthermore, all data will be analyzed anonymously during the review process Trial.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Asma/terapia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18547, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is one of the most common gynecological complaint among menstruating females. Acupuncture has been employed to relieve the pain-based symptoms and to avoid the side effects of conventional medication, especially, moxibustion has confirmed as an effective, convenient, and safe treatment for various types of menstrual pain. The purpose of this study is to systematically assess the effect and safety of moxibustion for treating PD. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The following databases will be searched from their inception to December 2019: PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Wan-Fang Databases, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Citation Information by National Institute of Informatics, Chinese Scientific Journal Database. Two reviewers will search these databases, select data and evaluate the quality of studies separately. The methodological quality will be measured by the Cochrane risk of bias tool. The primary outcome is the pain degree evaluation including visual analog scale, numerical visual scale, verbal rating scale, Cox retrospective symptom scale, or any other scale used to evaluate the level of pain. And the response rate involved overall reduction in symptoms. The adverse effects, quality of life will be assessed as secondary outcomes. Risk ratio for dichotomous data and mean differences with a 95% confidence interval for continuous data will be adopted to express the effect and safety of moxibustion for PD. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019130141.


Assuntos
Dismenorreia/terapia , Moxibustão/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18549, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physical therapy have an important role in preventing and managing osteoporosis (OP). A number of randomized controlled studies have indicated that eight-section brocade (ESB) could increase bone mass and alleviate pain, particularly in older women. However, there is no systematic review evaluating safety and efficacy of ESB. METHODS: Relevant studies involving eight-section brocade in middle-aged and elderly individuals with osteoporosis were systematically identified from electronic databases, including EMBASE, PubMed, the Cochrane Library Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Science and Technology Periodicals Database, Chinese BioMedical Database, and Wanfang Data. Inclusion criteria are randomised controlled trials of eight-section brocade that examine function and bone metabolism in middle-aged and elderly individuals with OP. The primary outcome measures will be bone mineral density (BMD), balance capacity, pain score, and adverse event including fracture during exercise. Review Manager (Revman Version 5.3) software will be used for data synthesis, sensitivity analysis, meta regression, subgroup analysis, and risk of bias assessment. A funnel plot will be developed to evaluate reporting bias and Begg and Egger tests will be used to assess funnel plot symmetries. We will use the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system to assess the quality of evidence. RESULTS: This paper will systematically review the existing evidence, assessing the safety and effect of eight-section brocade in middle-aged and elderly individuals with OP. CONCLUSION: The results of this review may help to establish a better approach to prevention of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures in high-risk groups and to provide reliableevidence for its further application. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Our aim is to publish this systematic review in a peer-reviewed journal. Our findings will provide information about the safety of ESB exercises and their effect on BMD of middle-aged and elderly individuals. This review will not require ethical approval as there are no issues about participant privacy.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Osteoporose/terapia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metanálise como Assunto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18551, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Asthma has become the most common chronic disease in children, which seriously affects children's health and growth. Yu-Ping-Feng powder (YPFP) is widely used for the treatment of asthma in children, but there are few meta-analyses to assess the add-on effects of YPFP in children with asthma. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy and safety of YPFP in the management of asthma in children. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE, Web of Science and the Chinese electronic databases including China Network Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedicine (CBM), Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP), and Wan Fang Database were searched for the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of YPFP in children with asthma based on the eligibility criteria from the date of the database inception to 28 November 2018. Two reviewers assessed the articles and extracted data from the included RCTs independently. Data will be synthesized by either the fixed-effects or random-effects model according to a heterogeneity test. We will assess the risk of bias with the Cochrane Collaboration Tool and overall quality of the evidence using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system (GRADE). Primary outcomes include the improvement of symptoms including breathlessness, coughing, wheezing and the frequency of asthma exacerbations. Lung function, serum IgE level, blood eosinophil count, phlegm eosinophil count and adverse events will be assessed as the secondary outcomes. We will perform the data synthesis, sensitivity analyses, and subgroup analyses in the Rev-Man version 5.3 software. A funnel plot will be established to evaluate reporting bias. RESULTS: This systematic review and meta-analysis will review and synthesis current clinical evidence of YPFP for the treatment of asthma in children. CONCLUSION: This analysis will provide high quality evidence of YPFP for the treatment of asthma in children. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42018111223.


Assuntos
Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metanálise como Assunto , Pós , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18555, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a common and frequently-occurring disease in the elderly. Percutaneous endoscopic decompression (PED) has become the first choice for the treatment of LSS because of its small wound, mild pain and rapid recovery. The surgical approaches are mainly divided into percutaneous interlaminar approach and transforaminal approach. However, these two surgical approaches have their own advantages, disadvantages and indications. Hence, the present study aims to synthesize the available direct and indirect evidence of transforaminal approach and interlaminar approach to prove their respective advantages and disadvantages. METHODS: The following databases will be searched: Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang data, and China Biomedical Literature Database (CBM). The search dates will be set from the inception to November 2019. Two researchers independently screened the literature, extracted the data and assessed the risk of bias in the included studies. The efficacy outcomes including: Back and Leg Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score, the MacNab criteria, the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score. The safety outcomes including: incidence of complications (dura tear, incomplete decompression, reoperation, etc.). The meta-analysis will be conducted using Stata 12.0 software. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) will be used to assess evidence quality. RESULTS: The results of this meta-analysis will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: The meta-analysis will provide a comprehensive summary of the evidence for 2 approaches to PED in patients with LSS. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019128080.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Endoscopia/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metanálise como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18558, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The invasive surgical intervention for neurogenic bladder dysfunction (NBD) following spinal cord injury (SCI) involves permanently altering one's body system and carries many surgical related risks and medication side effects are often seen in long term usage of pharmaceutical medications. Therefore, acupuncture and moxibustion therapies have been recommended due to their efficacy, simplicity of operation, cost effectiveness and safety. This protocol is designed for systematic review and network meta-analysis, which will perform comparisons or rankings of efficacy among the currently available acupuncture and moxibustion techniques and provide evidence to guide the best practice in acupuncture and moxibustion treatments of NBD due to SCI. METHODS/DESIGN: The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, CENTRAL, CNKI, The VIP Database, The Wanfang database, CDFD, CMFD will be searched from inception to November 1, 2019. All randomized controlled trials containing eligible interventions(s) and outcome(s) will be included. The quality of included trials will be assessed using the "Risk of bias" tool from the Cochrane Handbook (V.5.1.0). Data analysis will be conducted by using STATA software (Version 13.0). Continuous outcome will be indicated as mean difference (MD) or standard mean difference (SMD), and enumeration data will be presented with odds risk (OR) or relative risk (RR). RESULTS: This systematic review and network meta-analysis study aims to determine the most effective and safe approach in relieving urinary symptoms, and whether it produces better results in urodynamic examination. And a high-quality ranking of the therapeutic classes will be presented. The report will follow the PRISMA checklist for network meta-analysis. Results of the search strategy and the study selection will be presented in a PRISMA compliant flow chart. CONCLUSION: This study aims to propose a standard clinical decision-making guideline for acupuncture and moxibustion treatment of NBD after SCI.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Moxibustão/métodos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Meta-Análise em Rede , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/etiologia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18323, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age. PCOS has a significant negative impact on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and psychological function of women, of which there are reports of high levels of depression in women with PCOS compared to those without PCOS. However, the evidence surrounding the effects of exercise and/or dietary intervention participation on the HRQoL of women with PCOS is limited. Therefore, our objective is to examine the effects of lifestyle interventions (definition include exercise-only, diet-only, exercise + diet and behavioral or combined) on health-related quality of life or general quality of life in women with PCOS. METHODS: We will conduct an update of systematic review and we will follow the recommendations and guidelines of the Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocol (PRISMA-P). We will search the studies in the following databases: MEDLINE. PubMed, PsychINFO, Embase, SportDiscus, Web of Science, Cochrane Database (via Cochrane library), Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials (CENTRAL), and Google Scholar (advance). Manual search of the reference list of identified works, without language and year restrictions. The process of study selection and data extraction will be performed independently by 2 reviewers, with a third reviewer being responsible for the final decision in case of disagreement between the first two. We will use Egger funnel chart to evaluate possible publication biases, in addition, when possible we will perform a subgroup/meta-regression analysis. The strength of the evidence will be assessed according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). PROTOCOL REGISTRY: PROSPERO number: CRD42019124176.


Assuntos
Estilo de Vida , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Dieta/métodos , Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Metanálise como Assunto , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/psicologia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Adulto Jovem
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18324, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although many machine learning algorithms have been developed to detect anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the performance of different algorithms required further investigation. The objectives of this current systematic review are to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of machine-learning-assisted detection for ACL injury based on MRI and find the current best algorithm. METHOD: We will conduct a comprehensive database search for clinical diagnostic tests in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of science without restrictions on publication status and language. The reference lists of the included articles will also be checked to identify additional studies for potential inclusion. Two reviewers will independently review all literature for inclusion and assess their methodological quality using Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies version 2. Clinical diagnostic tests exploring the efficacy of machine-learning-assisted system for detecting ACL injury based on MRI will be considered for inclusion. Another 2 reviewers will independently extract data from eligible studies based on a pre-designed standardized form. Any disagreements will be resolved by consensus. RevMan 5.3 and Stata SE 12.0 software will be used for data synthesis. If appropriate, we will calculate the summary sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, and diagnostic odds ratio of machine-learning-assisted diagnosis system for ACL injury detection. A hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic (HSROC) curve will also be plotted, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) is going to calculated using the bivariate model. If the pooling of results is considered inappropriate, we will present and describe our findings in diagrams and tables and describe them narratively. RESULT: This is the first systematic assessment of machine learning system for the detection of ACL injury based on MRI. We predict it will provide highquality synthesis of existing evidence for the diagnostic accuracy of machine-learning-assisted detection for ACL injury and a relatively comprehensive reference for clinical practice and development of interdisciplinary field of artificial intelligence and medicine. CONCLUSION: This protocol outlined the significance and methodologically details of a systematic review of machine-learning-assisted detection for ACL injury based on MRI. The ongoing systematic review will provide high-quality synthesis of current evidence of machine learning system for detecting ACL injury. REGISTRATION: The meta-analysis has been prospectively registered in PROSPERO (CRD42019136581).


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico por Computador/estatística & dados numéricos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/estatística & dados numéricos , Diagnóstico por Computador/métodos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Metanálise como Assunto , Curva ROC , Projetos de Pesquisa , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18327, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acupotomy has been widely used to treat nerve entrapment syndrome. But its efficiency has not been scientifically and methodically evaluated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the acupotomy treatment in patients with nerve entrapment syndrome. METHODS: Fifteen databases will be searched from inception to Dec 2019. We will include randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing acupotomy for nerve entrapment syndrome. All RCTs on acupotomy or related interventions will be included. Study inclusion, data extraction and quality assessment will be performed independently by 2 reviewers. Assessment of risk of bias and data synthesis will be performed using RevMan 5.3 software. Cochrane criteria for risk-of-bias will be used to assess the methodological quality of the trials. RESULTS: This study will provide a high-quality synthesis of pain VAS and functional disability or the quality of life, the success treatment rate, the recurrent rate and the complications rate to assess the effectiveness and safety of acupotomy for nerve entrapment syndrome patients. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will provide evidence to judge whether acupotomy is an effective intervention for patients with nerve entrapment syndrome. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42018109086.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Síndromes de Compressão Nervosa/terapia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Síndrome , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18335, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many people with cough variant asthma use Traditional Chinese Patent Medicine-Suhuang anti-tussive capsule to help reduce symptoms. However there is no systematic reviews had promising its efficacy and safety for cough variant asthma. METHODS: Four English databases (PubMed, Web of science, EMBASE, and Springer Cochrane Library) and 4 Chinese databases (Wanfang Database, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database) were researched for the randomized controlled trials of Suhuang anti-tussive capsule for cough variant asthma. The search was limited to human studies, using the search keywords or free-text terms "cough," "cough variant asthma," "Suhuang Zhike capsul,""Suhuang anti-tussive capsul," and "randomized clinical trials." Two reviewers individually extracted data from the included randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Data will be synthesized by either the fixed-effects or random-effects model according to a heterogeneity test. The primary outcomes include the frequency of asthma exacerbations during follow-up, asthmatic symptoms by validated instruments (including symptom scores, Likert scale, visual analogue scale). Lung function, serum immunoglobulin E, blood eosinophil count, phlegm eosinophil count, tumor necrosis factor-a, interleukin-1b, and adverse effects (numbers of participants experiencing each adverse events) will be assessed as the secondary outcome. Meta-analysis will be performed using RevMan5.3.5 software provided by the Cochrane Collaboration. RESULTS: This study will provide high-quality synthesis based on current evidence of Suhuang anti-tussive capsule treatment for cough variant asthma. CONCLUSION: This analysis will provide updated evidence for whether Suhuang anti-tussive capsule is an effective and safe intervention for cough variant asthma. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019139695.


Assuntos
Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Tosse/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Asma/complicações , Cápsulas/uso terapêutico , Tosse/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metanálise como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18337, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis (OM) is a common and unavoidable side effect in patients suffering from head and neck cancer who are undergoing radiotherapy. It is characterized by unbearable pain, as well as eating and speech disorders. This has serious negative effects on the patients' quality of life and can even reduce radiotherapy tolerance, ultimately resulting in a poor prognosis. At present, many prevention and treatment methods are still in the experimental stage, and the efficacies are controversial. METHODS: Four English databases: Medline via pubmed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science and another 4 Chinese databases: China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal database (VIP), Wanfang Database and CBM, will be searched from inception to August 2019. All randomized controlled trials in Chinese and English language will be included. Literature selection, data extraction and quality assessment will be completed by 2 independent authors. The primary outcomes will include the incidence of OM (1-4 grade) and the pain degree. The onset time of OM, the improvement rate for quality of life, and any adverse effects will be evaluated as the secondary outcomes. The data will be synthesized by Review Manager and Stata software. RESULTS: This study provides a high-quality synthesis from existing evidence for Chinese herbal medicine in radiotherapy induced OM treatment, according to the criteria: incidence of OM, onset time of OM, status changes in quality of life and adverse events. CONCLUSION: This study will provide evidence to help determine whether Chinese herbal medicine is effective and safe for use in the prevention and/or treatment of radiotherapy induced OM. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: No additional formal ethical recognition or informed consent is required since no primary data collection is involved. The study result will be published in peer-reviewed journals or at related conferences.PROSPERO registration number: PROSPERO CRD42019141900.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Fitoterapia/métodos , Lesões por Radiação/tratamento farmacológico , Estomatite/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estomatite/etiologia , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18342, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Tuina for children with myopia. METHODS: The following electronic databases will be searched from establishment to July 2019: Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Springer, World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan-fang database, Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), Chinese Biomedical Literature Databases (CBM), and other databases. All published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about this topic will be included. Two independent researchers will operate article retrieval, duplication removing, screening, quality evaluation, and data analyses by Review Manager (V.5.3.5). Meta-analyses, subgroup analysis, and/or descriptive analysis will be performed based on the included data conditions. RESULTS: High-quality synthesis and/or descriptive analysis of current evidence will be provided from improvement of distant vision, improvement of myopic diopter, and side effects. CONCLUSION: This study will provide the evidence of whether Tuina is an effective and safe intervention for children with myopia. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019142283.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Miopia/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18345, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecological disorder in women of reproductive age. In East Asia, traditional herbal medicines have been used for a long time to treat symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea. Dangguijagyag-san (DJS) is one of the most widely known traditional herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhea. Although there was the previous systematic review of DJS, it had some limitations. To assess the effectiveness of DJS for primary dysmenorrhea and to update the previous review, this protocol was developed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We will search the randomized controlled clinical trials of DJS for primary dysmenorrhea from inception to April 2019. The search database will be PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System, Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal, Korean Medical Database, National Digital Science Library, and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure. Our 2 authors will perform the selection of studies, the extraction of data, and the quality assessment with risk of bias tool independently. To analyze the data, we will conduct the quantitative synthesis. RESULTS: We will synthesize the data from selected studies and estimate the strength of the evidence DJS for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. CONCLUSION: This study will provide the scientific evidence of DJS. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO registration number is CRD42019130768.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Dismenorreia/tratamento farmacológico , Fitoterapia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18346, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a significant health concern worldwide, and good glycemic control is the basis of avoiding disease progression. Herbal tea, as a convenient and effective medication method, has gained popularity among many diabetic patients. However, there are no systematic reviews or meta-analyses to evaluate the clinical efficacy of herbal tea on T2D. METHODS: Four English electronic databases and 4 Chinese electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) meeting inclusion criteria; Clinical trials were searched to explore the relevant unpublished data. Fasting blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin will be measured as primary outcomes. Secondary outcomes include 2-hour postprandial blood glucose, fasting insulin, and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance. The heterogeneity of data will be investigated by Chi-square and I test; subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis will be conducted to explore the sources of heterogeneity; funnel plot will be used to evaluate publication bias; finally, we will use grading of recommendations assessment, development, and evaluate system method to evaluate the quality of evidence. Merging analysis of data will be performed using Rev Man 5.3 software. RESULTS: The results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSIONS: The systematic review will confirm whether herbal tea consumption is benefit to the glycemic control in patients with T2D. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019129863.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Índice Glicêmico , Chás de Ervas , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/dietoterapia , Jejum , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Resistência à Insulina , Metanálise como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18329, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemifacial spasm (HFS) brings a lot of trouble to patients' daily life, having a severe influence on the psychological and physical wellbeing of patients. Relevant researches suggested that acupuncture therapy has potential benefits for HFS. However, there is no consistent conclusion. The purpose of our study is to assess whether acupuncture therapy is effective and safe for HFS. METHODS: To collect relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs), the following electronic databases will be searched: Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, ISI Web of Knowledge, PsycINFO, Allied and Alternative Medieine, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang data, and Chinese Scientific Journals Database. We will take the cure rate and the total effective rate as the primary outcomes, and change in intensity after treatment, change in frequency after treatment, the recurrence rate, and adverse events as secondary outcomes. Endnote software 9.1 will be used for study selection, Review Manager software 5.3, and STATA 13.0 software will be used for analysis and synthesis. RESULTS: Current relevant studies will be synthesized to assess whether acupuncture therapy is effective and safe for HFS. CONCLUSION: Our research will provide evidence of acupuncture therapy for HFS. REGISTRATION: International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) CRD42019142473.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Espasmo Hemifacial/terapia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18336, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This systematic review program is designed to provide an assessment of the effectiveness and safety of needle-knife therapy for the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS: A cumulative search till October 2018 will be conducted in the following 8 databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, MEDLINE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biomedical Literature Database, VIP Database, and Wanfang Database, with no language or Publication status restrictions. All randomized controlled trials (RCT) for carpal tunnel syndrome will be considered eligible. The primary outcomes will include changes in the Boston carpal tunnel questionnaire (BCTQ) and visual analogue score (VAS), as well as safety and adverse events. Study inclusion, data extraction, and quality assessment will be done independently by 2 reviewers. If no substantial heterogeneity is detected, a meta-analysis will be performed. Continuous results will be expressed as mean differences or standard average differences, while binary data will be expressed as relative risks. The deviation risk and data synthesis will be assessed using the Review Manager software. RESULTS: This study will provide a high-quality synthesis of BCTQ and VAS to assess the effectiveness and safety of acupotomy for carpal tunnel syndrome patients. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will provide evidence to judge whether acupotomy is an effective intervention for patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42018108787.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/terapia , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18343, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A Hiccup is a common disease that often occurs along with other chronic or acute conditions. At present, there is a lack of feasible therapies for hiccups, and acupuncture is a treatment method with enormous clinical practice worldwide. METHODS: Based on a pre-defined search strategy, we searched seven databases and screened them by two independent investigators, without language and publication status restriction from inception to date. We use the pre-set form to incorporate data and utilize Revman software to synthesize data. We will evaluate the risk of bias in the inclusion of the study based on the Cochrane 'Risk of bias' assessment tool. The quality of the evidence will be evaluated according to the GRADEpro software. RESULTS: This systematic review will evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture treatment for hiccups. The entire process will be referred to the Cochrane handbook recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration. CONCLUSION: This review will provide systematic evidence to summarize whether acupuncture is an effective intervention in the treatment of hiccup.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Soluço/terapia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18359, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860993

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The completeness of resection is an important prognostic factor for early resectable thymoma. Since its inception 2 decades ago, median sternotomy has been recognized as the gold standard method for the treatment of all types and stages of thyomas. Minimally invasive surgical techniques, including video-assisted and robot-assisted surgery, have been rapidly developed as an alternative to traditional open approach surgery. Compared with traditional open approach surgery, minimally invasive approach has better cosmetic effect, faster improvement of lung function, reduction of surgical trauma, length of stay, and complications. We believe that this is an appropriate time and there is a need for a systematic, comprehensive, and objective assessment of the 2 surgical modalities in order to provide reliable evidence for clinicians to determine the best treatment for patients with early resectable thymoma. METHODS: Pubmed (Medline), Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Google Scholar will be searched for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-RCTs, and Hi-Q (high quality) prospective cohort trials published or unpublished in any language before March 1, 2020. Subgroup analysis will be performed in tumor pathological stage and ethnicity. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42019133724. RESULTS: The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: This study will be the first to assess the efficacy and safety of median sternotomy recognized as the gold standard method for the treatment of all types and stages of thyomas and minimally invasive thymectomy for patients with early-stage thymoma. This study will assess whether minimally invasive thoracoscopic and robotic assisted thymectomy can be used as an alternative to traditional median sternotomy for patients with early resectable thymoma and provide high-quality and reliable evidence for clinicians' decision-making.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Esternotomia , Timectomia/métodos , Timoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Timo/cirurgia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18361, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic mellitus erectile dysfunction (DMED) refers to erectile dysfunction (ED) secondary to diabetes. As people's lifestyle changes and the population ages, the incidence of DMED continues to increase. Many clinical trials have proven that PDE5-inhibitors-vardenafil has a significant effect in the treatment of Diabetic mellitus erectile dysfunction. In this systematic review, we aim to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of PDE5-inhibitors-vardenafil for Diabetic mellitus erectile dysfunction. METHODS: We will search PubMed, Cochrane Library, AMED, EMbase, WorldSciNet; Nature, Science online and China Journal Full-text Database (CNKI), China Biomedical Literature CD-ROM Database (CBM), and related randomized controlled trials included in the China Resources Database. The time is limited from the construction of the library to February 2019.We will use the criteria provided by Cochrane 5.1.0 for quality assessment and risk assessment of the included studies, and use the Revman 5.3 and Stata13.0 software for meta-analysis of the effectiveness, recurrence rate, and symptom scores of Diabetic mellitus erectile dysfunction. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This systematic review will evaluate the efficacy and safety of PDE5-inhibitors-vardenafil for treating Diabetic mellitus erectile dysfunction. Because all of the data used in this systematic review and meta-analysis has been published, this review does not require ethical approval. Furthermore, all data will be analyzed anonymously during the review process Trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42018095185.


Assuntos
Complicações do Diabetes , Disfunção Erétil/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 5/uso terapêutico , Dicloridrato de Vardenafila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
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