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1.
Microbiol Res ; 283: 127706, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574431

RESUMO

Microbial inoculation stands as a pivotal strategy, fostering symbiotic relationships between beneficial microorganisms and plants, thereby enhancing nutrient uptake, bolstering resilience against environmental stressors, and ultimately promoting healthier and more productive plant growth. However, while the advantageous roles of inoculants are widely acknowledged, the precise and nuanced impacts of inoculation on the intricate interactions of the rhizosphere microbiome remain significantly underexplored. This study explores the impact of bacterial inoculation on soil properties, plant growth, and the rhizosphere microbiome. By employing various bacterial strains and a synthetic community (SynCom) as inoculants in common bean plants, the bacterial and fungal communities in the rhizosphere were assessed through 16 S rRNA and ITS gene sequencing. Concurrently, soil chemical parameters, plant traits, and gene expression were evaluated. The findings revealed that bacterial inoculation generally decreased pH and V%, while increasing H+Al and m% in the rhizosphere. It also decreased gene expression in plants related to detoxification, photosynthesis, and defense mechanisms, while enhancing bacterial diversity in the rhizosphere, potentially benefiting plant health. Specific bacterial strains showed varied impacts on rhizosphere microbiome assembly, predominantly affecting rhizospheric bacteria more than fungi, indirectly influencing soil conditions and plants. Notably, Paenibacillus polymyxa inoculation improved plant nitrogen (by 5.2%) and iron levels (by 28.1%), whereas Bacillus cereus boosted mycorrhization rates (by 70%). Additionally, inoculation led to increased complexity in network interactions within the rhizosphere (∼15%), potentially impacting plant health. Overall, the findings highlight the significant impact of introducing bacteria to the rhizosphere, enhancing nutrient availability, microbial diversity, and fostering beneficial plant-microbe interactions.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Rizosfera , Plantas/microbiologia , Bactérias/genética , Solo/química , Fenótipo , Microbiologia do Solo , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8610, 2024 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616195

RESUMO

There are fewer studies on Trichoderma diversity in agricultural fields. The rhizosphere of 16 crops was analyzed for Trichoderma species in 7 districts of Rajasthan state of India. Based on DNA sequence of translation elongation factor 1α (tef-1α), and morphological characteristics, 60 isolates were identified as 11 species: Trichoderma brevicompactum, species in Harzianum clade identified as T. afroharzianum, T. inhamatum, T. lentiforme, T. camerunense, T. asperellum, T. asperelloides, T. erinaceum, T. atroviride, T. ghanense, and T. longibrachiatum. T. brevicompactum is the most commonly occurring strain followed by T. afroharzianum. No new species were described in this study. T. lentiforme, showed its first occurrence outside the South American continent. The morphological and cultural characteristics of the major species were observed, described, and illustrated in detail. The isolates were tested for their antagonistic effect against three soilborne plant pathogens fungi: Sclerotium rolfsii, Rhizoctonia solani, and Fusarium verticillioides in plate culture assays. One of the most potent strains was T. afroharzianum BThr29 having a maximum in vitro inhibition of S. rolfsii (76.6%), R. solani (84.8%), and F. verticillioides (85.7%). The potential strain T. afroharzianum BThr29 was also found to be efficient antagonists against soil borne pathogens in in vivo experiment. Such information on crop selectivity, antagonistic properties, and geographic distribution of Trichoderma species will be beneficial for developing efficient Trichoderma-based biocontrol agents.


Assuntos
Rizosfera , Trichoderma , Índia , Trichoderma/genética , Produtos Agrícolas , Variação Genética
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619980

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative bacterial strains, R39T and R73T, were isolated from the rhizosphere soil of the selenium hyperaccumulator Cardamine hupingshanesis in China. Strain R39T transformed selenite into elemental and volatile selenium, whereas strain R73T transformed both selenate and selenite into elemental selenium. Phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses indicated that strain R39T belonged to the genus Achromobacter, while strain R73T belonged to the genus Buttiauxella. Strain R39T (genome size, 6.68 Mb; G+C content, 61.6 mol%) showed the closest relationship to Achromobacter marplatensis LMG 26219T and Achromobacter kerstersii LMG 3441T, with average nucleotide identity (ANI) values of 83.6 and 83.4 %, respectively. Strain R73T (genome size, 5.22 Mb; G+C content, 50.3 mol%) was most closely related to Buttiauxella ferragutiae ATCC 51602T with an ANI value of 86.4 %. Furthermore, strain A111 from the GenBank database was found to cluster with strain R73T within the genus Buttiauxella through phylogenomic analyses. The ANI and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains R73T and A111 were 97.5 and 80.0% respectively, indicating that they belong to the same species. Phenotypic characteristics also differentiated strain R39T and strain R73T from their closely related species. Based on the polyphasic analyses, strain R39T and strain R73T represent novel species of the genera Achromobacter and Buttiauxella, respectively, for which the names Achromobacter seleniivolatilans sp. nov. (type strain R39T=GDMCC 1.3843T=JCM 36009T) and Buttiauxella selenatireducens sp. nov. (type strain R73T=GDMCC 1.3636T=JCM 35850T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Achromobacter , Cardamine , Selênio , Ácidos Graxos/química , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cardamine/genética , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ácido Selenioso
4.
BMC Microbiol ; 24(1): 123, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rhizosphere microorganisms are vital in plants' growth and development and these beneficial microbes are recruited to the root-zone soil when experiencing various environmental stresses. However, the effect of white grub (Maladera verticalis) larvae feeding on the structure and function of rhizosphere microbial communities of aerobic rice (Oryza sativa L.) is unclear. RESULTS: In this study, we compared physicochemical properties, enzyme activities, and microbial communities using 18 samples under healthy and M. verticalis larvae-feeding aerobic rice rhizosphere soils at the Yunnan of China. 16 S rRNA and ITS amplicons were sequenced using Illumina high throughput sequencing. M. verticalis larvae feeding on aerobic rice can influence rhizosphere soil physicochemical properties and enzyme activities, which also change rhizosphere microbial communities. The healthy and M. verticalis larvae-feeding aerobic rice rhizosphere soil microorganisms had distinct genus signatures, such as possible_genus_04 and Knoellia genera in healthy aerobic rice rhizosphere soils and norank_f__SC - I-84 and norank_f__Roseiflexaceae genera in M. verticalis larvae-feeding aerobic rice rhizosphere soils. The pathway of the metabolism of terpenoids and polyketides and carbohydrate metabolism in rhizosphere bacteria were significantly decreased after M. verticalis larvae feeding. Fungal parasite-wood saprotroph and fungal parasites were significantly decreased after M. verticalis larvae feeding, and plant pathogen-wood saprotroph and animal pathogen-undefined saprotroph were increased after larvae feeding. Additionally, the relative abundance of Bradyrhizobium and Talaromyces genera gradually increased with the elevation of the larvae density. Bacterial and fungal communities significantly correlated with soil physicochemical properties and enzyme activities, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results we provide new insight for understanding the adaptation of aerobic rice to M. verticalis larvae feeding via regulating the rhizosphere environment, which would allow us to facilitate translation to more effective measures.


Assuntos
Oryza , Animais , Oryza/microbiologia , Larva , Rizosfera , China , Bactérias , Solo/química , Microbiologia do Solo
5.
GM Crops Food ; 15(1): 1-15, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625676

RESUMO

Poplar stands as one of the primary afforestation trees globally. We successfully generated transgenic poplar trees characterized by enhanced biomass under identical nutrient conditions, through the overexpression of the pivotal nitrogen assimilation gene, pxAlaAT3. An environmental risk assessment was conducted for investigate the potential changes in rhizosphere soil associated with these overexpressing lines (OL). The results show that acid phosphatase activity was significantly altered under ammonium in OL compared to the wild-type control (WT), and a similar difference was observed for protease under nitrate. 16SrDNA sequencing indicated no significant divergence in rhizosphere soil microbial community diversity between WT and OL. Metabolomics analysis revealed that the OL caused minimal alterations in the metabolites of the rhizosphere soil, posing no potential harm to the environment. With these findings in mind, we anticipate that overexpressed plants will not adversely impact the surrounding soil environment.


Assuntos
Populus , Rizosfera , Biomassa , Endopeptidases , Nitrogênio , Populus/genética , Solo
6.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 285, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627617

RESUMO

Crop roots are colonized by large numbers of microorganisms, collectively known as the root-microbiome, which modulate plant growth, development and contribute to elemental nutrient uptake. In conditions of nitrogen limitation, the over-expressed Calcineurin B-like interacting protein kinase 2 (OsCIPK2) gene with root-specific promoter (RC) has been shown to enhance growth and nitrogen uptake in rice. Analysis of root-associated bacteria through high-throughput sequencing revealed that OsCIPK2 has a significant impact on the diversity of the root microbial community under low nitrogen stress. The quantification of nifH gene expression demonstrated a significant enhancement in nitrogen-fixing capabilities in the roots of RC transgenetic rice. Synthetic microbial communities (SynCom) consisting of six nitrogen-fixing bacterial strains were observed to be enriched in the roots of RC, leading to a substantial improvement in rice growth and nitrogen uptake in nitrogen-deficient soils. Forty and twenty-three metabolites exhibiting differential abundance were identified in the roots and rhizosphere soils of RC transgenic rice compared to wild-type (WT) rice. These findings suggest that OSCIPK2 plays a role in restructuring the microbial community in the roots through the regulation of metabolite synthesis and secretion. Further experiments involving the exogenous addition of citric acid revealed that an optimal concentration of this compound facilitated the growth of nitrogen-fixing bacteria and substantially augmented their population in the soil, highlighting the importance of citric acid in promoting nitrogen fixation under conditions of low nitrogen availability. These findings suggest that OsCIPK2 plays a role in enhancing nitrogen uptake by rice plants from the soil by influencing the assembly of root microbial communities, thereby offering valuable insights for enhancing nitrogen utilization in rice cultivation.


Assuntos
Bactérias Fixadoras de Nitrogênio , Oryza , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Bactérias Fixadoras de Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Solo , Rizosfera , Ácido Cítrico , Microbiologia do Solo
7.
Environ Microbiol Rep ; 16(2): e13250, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575119

RESUMO

The rhizosphere and phyllosphere of plants are home to a diverse range of microorganisms that play pivotal roles in ecosystem services. Consequently, plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) are extensively utilized as inoculants to enhance plant growth and boost productivity. Despite this, the interactions between the rhizosphere and phyllosphere, which are influenced by PGPB inoculation, have not been thoroughly studied to date. In this study, we inoculated Bacillus velezensis SQR9, a PGPB, into the bulk soil, rhizosphere or phyllosphere, and subsequently examined the bacterial communities in the rhizosphere and phyllosphere using amplicon sequencing. Our results revealed that PGPB inoculation increased its abundance in the corresponding compartment, and all treatments demonstrated plant growth promotion effects. Further analysis of the sequencing data indicated that the presence of PGPB exerted a more significant impact on bacterial communities in both the rhizosphere and phyllosphere than in the inoculation compartment. Notably, the PGPB stimulated similar rhizosphere-beneficial microbes regardless of the inoculation site. We, therefore, conclude that PGPB can promote plant growth both directly and indirectly through the interaction between the rhizosphere and phyllosphere, leading to the enrichment of beneficial microorganisms.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Ecossistema , Rizosfera , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Bactérias/genética , Microbiologia do Solo
8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(14): 7794-7806, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561246

RESUMO

To investigate the effects of fertilization methods and types on wheat rhizosphere microorganisms, macroelement (N, K) and microelement (Zn) fertilizers were applied on wheat by foliar spraying (FS) and root irrigation (RI) methods in a field experiment. The results indicated that fertilization methods and types can have significant impacts on the diversity and structure of rhizospheric microorganisms in wheat. The application method produced more significant effects than the fertilizer type. RI-N played a more important role in improving the wheat yield and quality and affected the changes in some nitrogen-fixing bacterial communities. Finally, eight strains of bacteria belonging to Pseudomonas azotoformans and P. cedrina showed positive effects on the growth of wheat seedlings. Overall, our study provides a better understanding of the dynamics of wheat rhizosphere microbial communities and their relation to fertilization, yield, and quality, showing that plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria with nitrogen fixing may be a potential approach for more sustainable agriculture production.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Triticum , Rizosfera , Nitrogênio/análise , Fertilizantes/análise , Fertilização , Solo/química , Microbiologia do Solo
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602173

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, strain HUAS 3T, was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of Cathaya argyrophylla collected in Hunan Province, PR China. Strain HUAS 3T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The dominant menaquinones were MK-9(H4), MK-9(H6), MK-10(H2) and MK-9(H4). The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phospholipids, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphotidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannosides. The main cellular fatty acids (>5.0 %) were C17 : 1 ω8c, iso-C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c, iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω6c and/or C16 : 1 ω7c). The DNA G+C content of the novel strain's genome sequence, consisting of 7 196 442 bp, was 72.8 mol%. The full-length 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain HUAS 3T belonged to the genus Micromonospora and showed highest similarities to Micromonospora fluminis A38T (99.44 %), Micromonospora echinospora DSM 43816T (99.23 %), Micromonospora tulbaghiae DSM 45142T (99.23 %), Micromonospora solifontis PPF5-17T (99.16 %) and Micromonospora endolithica DSM 44398T (98.96 %). Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain HUAS 3T was closely related to M. fluminis A38T, M. tulbaghiae DSM 45142T and M. solifontis PPF5-17T. The phylogenomic tree revealed that strain HUAS 3T was closely related to Micromonospora pallida DSM 43817T. However, the average nucleotide identity (ANIb/ANIm) and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between them were 84.75 /88.16 and 30.80 %, respectively, far less than the 95-96 and 70 % cut-off points recommended for delineating species. Furthermore, strain HUAS 3T was distinct from the type strain of M. pallida in terms of phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics. In summary, strain HUAS 3T represents a novel Micromonospora species, for which the name Micromonospora cathayae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HUAS 3T (=MCCC 1K08599T=JCM 36275T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Micromonospora , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rizosfera , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Composição de Bases , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana
10.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 275, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605329

RESUMO

Heavy metals (HMs) contamination, owing to their potential links to various chronic diseases, poses a global threat to agriculture, environment, and human health. Nickel (Ni) is an essential element however, at higher concentration, it is highly phytotoxic, and affects major plant functions. Beneficial roles of plant growth regulators (PGRs) and organic amendments in mitigating the adverse impacts of HM on plant growth has gained the attention of scientific community worldwide. Here, we performed a greenhouse study to investigate the effect of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA @ 10- 5 M) and compost (1% w/w) individually and in combination in sustaining cauliflower growth and yield under Ni stress. In our results, combined application proved significantly better than individual applications in alleviating the adverse effects of Ni on cauliflower as it increased various plant attributes such as plant height (49%), root length (76%), curd height and diameter (68 and 134%), leaf area (75%), transpiration rate (36%), stomatal conductance (104%), water use efficiency (143%), flavonoid and phenolic contents (212 and 133%), soluble sugars and protein contents (202 and 199%), SPAD value (78%), chlorophyll 'a and b' (219 and 208%), carotenoid (335%), and NPK uptake (191, 79 and 92%) as compared to the control. Co-application of IAA and compost reduced Ni-induced electrolyte leakage (64%) and improved the antioxidant activities, including APX (55%), CAT (30%), SOD (43%), POD (55%), while reducing MDA and H2O2 contents (77 and 52%) compared to the control. The combined application also reduced Ni uptake in roots, shoots, and curd by 51, 78 and 72% respectively along with an increased relative production index (78%) as compared to the control. Hence, synergistic application of IAA and compost can mitigate Ni induced adverse impacts on cauliflower growth by immobilizing it in the soil.


Assuntos
Brassica , Compostagem , Ácidos Indolacéticos , Poluentes do Solo , Humanos , Níquel/metabolismo , Níquel/toxicidade , Brassica/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Rizosfera , Clorofila A , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
11.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 117(1): 67, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607451

RESUMO

A bacterial strain PJ23T was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of Elymus dahuricus Turcz. sampled from a temperate semi-arid steppe in the northern of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. The strain is Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, light-pink, short rod-shaped, and non-spore-forming. Cell growth could be observed at 4-29℃ (optimal at 24℃), pH 6.0-8.6 (optimal at 8.0) and in the presence of 0-5.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimal at 2.5%). The major cellular fatty acids of strain PJ23T were Summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω6c and/or C18:1 ω7c) (39.42%) and C16:0 (9.60%). The polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, two unidentified glycolipids, one unidentified aminophospholipid, and two other unidentified polar lipids. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10. Phylogeny analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences retrieved from the genomes showed that, the strain was closely related to the species Terrihabitans soli IZ6T and Flaviflagellibacter deserti SYSU D60017T, with the sequence similarities of 96.79% and 96.15%, respectively. The G + C content was 65.23 mol% calculated on draft genome sequencing. Between the strains PJ23T and Terrihabitans soli IZ6T, the average nucleotide identity (ANI), amino acid identity (AAI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) was 73.39%,71.12% and 15.7%, these values were lower than the proposed and generally accepted species boundaries of ANI, AAI and dDDH, respectively. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic characteristics, strain PJ23T represents a novel species of Terrihabitans, for which the name Terrihabitans rhizophilus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is PJ23T (= KCTC 92977 T = CGMCC 1.61577 T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria , Rizosfera , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Aminoácidos , Ácidos Graxos , DNA
12.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 171856, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522531

RESUMO

Optimizing planting spacing is a common agricultural practice for enhancing rice growth. However, its effect on the accumulation of cadmium (Cd) and phenanthrene (Phen) in soil-rice systems and the response mechanisms of rhizobacteria to co-contaminants remain unclear. This study found that reducing rice planting spacing to 5 cm and 10 cm significantly decreased the bioavailability of Cd (by 7.9 %-29.5 %) and Phen (by 12.9 %-47.6 %) in the rhizosphere soil by converting them into insoluble forms. The increased accumulation of Cd and Phen in roots and iron plaques (IPs) ultimately led to decreased Cd (by 32.2 %-39.9 %) and Phen (by 4.2 %-17.3 %) levels in brown rice, and also significantly affected the composition of rhizobacteria. Specifically, reducing rice planting spacing increased the abundance of low-abundance but core rhizobacteria in the rhizosphere soil and IPs, including Bacillus, Clostridium, Sphingomonas, Paenibacillus, and Leifsonia. These low-abundance but core rhizobacteria exhibited enhanced metabolic capacities for Cd and Phen, accompanied by increased abundances of Cd-resistance genes (e.g., czcC and czcB) and Phen-degradation genes (e.g., pahE4 and pahE1) within the rhizosphere soil and IPs. Reduced planting spacing had no noticeable impact on rice biomass. These findings provide new insights into the role of low-abundance but core rhizobacterial communities in Cd and Phen uptake by rice, highlighting the potential of reduced planting spacing as an eco-friendly strategy for ensuring the safety of rice production on contaminated paddy soils.


Assuntos
Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Ferro/análise , Solo , Rizosfera
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 171952, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537823

RESUMO

Exploring keystone taxa affecting microbial community stability and host function is crucial for understanding ecosystem functions. However, identifying keystone taxa from humongous microbial communities remains challenging. We collected 344 rhizosphere and bulk soil samples from the endangered plant C. migao for 2 years consecutively. Used high-throughput sequencing 16S rDNA and ITS to obtain the composition of bacterial and fungal communities. We explored keystone taxa and the applicability and limitations of five methods (SPEC-OCCU, Zi-Pi, Subnetwork, Betweenness, and Module), as well as the impact of microbial community domain, time series, and rhizosphere boundary on the identification of keystone taxa in the communities. Our results showed that the five methods, identified abundant keystone taxa in rhizosphere and bulk soil microbial communities. However, the keystone taxa shared by the rhizosphere and bulk soil microbial communities over time decreased rapidly decrease in the five methods. Among five methods on the identification of keystone taxa in the rhizosphere community, Module identified 113 taxa, SPEC-OCCU identified 17 taxa, Betweenness identified 3 taxa, Subnetwork identified 3 taxa, and Zi-Pi identified 4 taxa. The keystone taxa are mainly conditionally rare taxa, and their ecological functions include chemoheterotrophy, aerobic chemoheterotrophy, nitrate reduction, and anaerobic photoautotrophy. The results of the random forest model and structural equation model predict that keystone taxa Mortierella and Ellin6513 may have an effects on the accumulation of 1, 4, 7, - Cycloundecatriene, 1, 5, 9, 9-tetramethyl-, Z, Z, Z-, beta-copaene, bicyclogermacrene, 1,8-Cineole in C. migao fruits, but their effects still need further evidence. Our study evidence an unstable microbial community in the bulk soil, and the definition of microbial boundary and ecologically functional affected the identification of keystone taxa in the community. Subnetwork and Module are more in line with the definition of keystone taxa in microbial ecosystems in terms of maintaining community stability and hosting function.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Solo/química , Bactérias
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 172102, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556018

RESUMO

Crop diversification contributes to agricultural productivity and resources efficient utilization. However, whether cultivar mixtures in maize affects soil bacterial community, nutrient uptake, plant growth and yield remains unknown. A two-year lysimetric experiment was conducted using two maize cultivars (LY16 and JS501) with different root system architectures planted in monoculture or in mixture under normal fertilization (NF), reduced fertilization (RF) or no addition of fertilizer (CK) and was assessed at the silking stages. Cultivar mixtures and monoculture of LY16 had higher shoot biomass, nutrient uptake and total root length at silking stage, and grain yield than monoculture of JS501 under NF and RF conditions. Under NF and RF conditions, cultivar mixtures and monoculture of LY16 led to an increase in bacterial diversity, significant changes in community structure, and a high abundance of Bacteroidia and biomarkers of Chitinophagaceae and Saprospiraceae (Bacteroidia). Cultivar mixtures showed specific responses from modules of the rhizosphere bacterial community co-occurrence network, and the relative abundance of keystone taxa of cultivar mixtures was higher than that of monoculture of JS501. The keystone taxa had a broad and significant positive correlation with plant nutrient accumulation and grain yield. Cultivar mixtures showed similar assembly processes of Bacteroidia with monoculture of LY16, and the increased abundance of Chitinophagaceae may lead to a healthy rhizosphere bacterial community. Overall, our findings indicate that cultivar mixtures significantly affects the assembly and composition of the rhizosphere bacterial community, and thus benefits plant nutrient acquisition and plant growth. These findings could deepen our understanding of the facilitating effect of rhizosphere functional microbial community (e.g. plant nutrition uptake or immunity)of cultivar mixtures.


Assuntos
Rizosfera , Zea mays , Agricultura , Solo/química , Bactérias , Grão Comestível , Bacteroidetes , Microbiologia do Solo , Nutrientes
15.
Curr Microbiol ; 81(4): 107, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427056

RESUMO

Rhizospheric microbial community of emergent macrophytes plays an important role in nitrogen removal, especially in the eutrophic wetlands. The objective of this study was to identify the differences in anammox bacterial community composition among different emergent macrophytes and investigate revealed the the main factors affecting on the composition, diversity, and abundance of anammox bacterial community. Results showed that the composition, diversity, and abundance of the anammox community were significantly different between the vegetated sediments of three emergent macrophytes and unvegetated sediment. The composition of the anammox bacterial community was different in the vegetated sediments of different emergent macrophytes. Also, the abundance of nitrogen cycle-related functional genes in the vegetated sediments was found to be higher than that in the unvegetated sediment. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) and structural equation models analysis (SEM) showed that salinity and pH were the main environmental factors influencing the composition and diversity of the anammox bacterial community and NO2--N indirectly affected anammox bacterial community diversity by affecting TOC. nirK-type denitrifying bacteria abundance had significant effects on the bacterial community composition, diversity, and abundance of anammox bacteria. The community composition of anammox bacteria varies with emergent macrophyte species. The rhizosphere of emergent macrophytes provides a favorable environment and promotes the growth of nitrogen cycling-related microorganisms that likely accelerate nitrogen removal in eutrophic wetlands.


Assuntos
Rizosfera , Áreas Alagadas , Oxidação Anaeróbia da Amônia , Lagos/microbiologia , Bactérias/genética , Ciclo do Nitrogênio , Nitrogênio , Oxirredução , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia
16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(11): 5659-5670, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442360

RESUMO

Nitrogen is the most limiting factor in crop production. Legumes establish a symbiotic relationship with rhizobia and enhance nitrogen fixation. We analyzed 1,624 rhizosphere 16S rRNA gene samples and 113 rhizosphere metagenomic samples from three typical legumes and three non-legumes. The rhizosphere microbial community of the legumes had low diversity and was enriched with nitrogen-cycling bacteria (Sphingomonadaceae, Xanthobacteraceae, Rhizobiaceae, and Bacillaceae). Furthermore, the rhizosphere microbiota of legumes exhibited a high abundance of nitrogen-fixing genes, reflecting a stronger nitrogen-fixing potential, and Streptomycetaceae and Nocardioidaceae were the predominant nitrogen-fixing bacteria. We also identified helper bacteria and confirmed through metadata analysis and a pot experiment that the synthesis of riboflavin by helper bacteria is the key factor in promoting nitrogen fixation. Our study emphasizes that the construction of synthetic communities of nitrogen-fixing bacteria and helper bacteria is crucial for the development of efficient nitrogen-fixing microbial fertilizers.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Microbiota , Fabaceae/genética , Rizosfera , Fixação de Nitrogênio , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Microbiota/genética , Verduras/genética , Bactérias/genética , Nitrogênio , Microbiologia do Solo
17.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(1): 212-218, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511458

RESUMO

We investigated the effects and mechanisms of nitrogen additions (0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, 32 g N·m-2·a-1) on contents of anion and cation in rhizosphere soil, bulk soil, and mixed rhizosphere and bulk soil in the heavily salinized grassland in the agro-pastoral ecotone of North China. The results showed that pH of rhizosphere, mixed and bulk soils decreased significantly with the increases of nitrogen addition levels. Moreover, pH of three soil types under the 32 g N·m-2·a-1 treatment decreased by 1.2, 0.9, and 0.6, respectively, while pH of rhizosphere soil decreased by 0.44 compared with the bulk soil. Na+ content of rhizosphere, mixed and bulk soils significantly decreased, while the NO3- content significantly increased. The proportion of Na+ content in total soluble salt content in rhizosphere soil decreased by 14% and that in bulk soil decreased by 12% after the 32 g N·m-2·a-1 addition. NO3- content increased by 29% in rhizosphere soil and by 26% in bulk soil. There was significant negative correlation between pH and NO3- content, and significant positive correlation between pH and Na+ content. The total soluble salt content of rhizosphere soil under the 32 g N·m-2·a-1 treatment was significantly reduced by 31.5%. Collectedly, nitrogen deposition could reduce soil pH and total soluble salt content of rhizosphere soil and alleviate saline-alkali stress.


Assuntos
Rizosfera , Solo , Solo/química , Pradaria , Nitrogênio/análise , Ânions , Cátions , China , Microbiologia do Solo
18.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(1): 219-228, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511459

RESUMO

Salinization environment affects the normal growth and development of plants, as well as the microbial community in the rhizosphere. To explore the succession dynamics of bacterial communities in the rhizosphere soil of Bletilla striata under salt stress condition, we performed 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing to determine the bacterial community composition and diversity of B. striata in the rhizosphere under different salt stress concentrations, measured the effects of salt stress on the growth and development of B. striata and soil physicochemical pro-perties, and analyzed the correlation between community composition of rhizosphere bacteria and the soil environmental factors. The results showed that compared with the control, salt stress reduced growth rate and health degree of B. striata, and significantly decreased the content of soil organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus. Under the salt stress treatment, species diversity and evenness of the bacterial communities in the rhizosphere of B. striata showed a trend of first decreasing and then increasing. There were significant differences in the relative abundance and variation trends of the dominant bacterial taxa in the rhizosphere soil of B. striata at the phylum and class levels between the control and the salt stress treatments. Salt stress intensity and duration were important factors affecting bacterial community composition in the rhizosphere soil of B. striata. Soil organic matter, available nitrogen, and total phosphorus content were key environmental factors affecting the structure of rhizosphere bacterial community composition. Functional genes related to cytoskeleton, cell motility, substance metabolism and signal transduction mechanisms may be involved in the adaptation and stress response of bacterial communities to salt stress. This study would provide theoretical basis and reference for the cultivation management of B. striatain saline area.


Assuntos
Rizosfera , Solo , Solo/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Bactérias/genética , Estresse Salino , Nitrogênio , Fósforo , Microbiologia do Solo
19.
Environ Int ; 185: 108576, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38490070

RESUMO

Global-scale crop contamination with environmental estrogens has posed a huge risk to agri-food safety and human health. Laccase is regarded as an unexceptionable biocatalyst for regulating pollution and expediting humification, but the knowledge of estrogen bioremediation and C storage strengthened by laccase-driven rhizosphere humification (LDRH) remains largely unknown. Herein, a greenhouse microcosm was performed to explore the migration and fate of 17ß-estradiol (E2) in water-wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) matrices by LDRH. Compared to the non-added laccase, the pseudo-first-order decay rate constants of E2 in the rhizosphere solution after 10 and 50 µM exposures by LDRH increased from 0.03 and 0.02 h-1 to 0.36 and 0.09 h-1, respectively. Furthermore, LDRH conferred higher yield, polymerizability, O-containing groups, and functional-C signals in the humified precipitates, because it accelerated the formation of highly complex precipitates by radical-controlled continuous polymerization. In particular, not only did LDRH mitigate the phytotoxicity of E2, but it also diminished the metabolic load of E2 in wheat tissues. This was attributed to the rapid attenuation of E2 in the rhizosphere solution during LDRH, which limited E2 uptake and accumulation in each subcellular fraction of the wheat roots and shoots. Although several typical intermediate products such as estrone, estriol, and E2 oligomers were detected in roots, only small-molecule species were found in shoots, evidencing that the polymeric products of E2 were unable to be translocated acropetally due to the vast hydrophobicity and biounavailability. For the first time, our study highlights a novel, eco-friendly, and sustainable candidate for increasing the low-C treatment of organics in rhizosphere microenvironments and alleviating the potential risks of estrogenic contaminants in agroenvironments.


Assuntos
Lacase , Triticum , Humanos , Triticum/metabolismo , Lacase/metabolismo , Rizosfera , Estradiol/metabolismo , Estrogênios/metabolismo , Estrona , Biodegradação Ambiental
20.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6440, 2024 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499631

RESUMO

This study aimed at exploring the effects of γ-polyglutamic acid on the growth of desert alfalfa and the soil microorganisms in the rhizosphere. The study examined the effects of varying concentrations of γ-polyglutamic acid (0%-CK, 2%-G1, 4%-G2, 6%-G3) on sandy soil, the research investigated its impact on the growth characteristics of alfalfa, nutrient content in the rhizosphere soil, and the composition of bacterial communities. The results indicated that there were no significant differences in soil organic matter, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, total potassium, and available phosphorus content among the G1, G2, and G3 treatments. Compared to CK, the soil nutrient content in the G2 treatment increased by 14.81-186.67%, showing the highest enhancement. In terms of alfalfa growth, the G2 treatment demonstrated the best performance, significantly increasing plant height, chlorophyll content, above-ground biomass, and underground biomass by 54.91-154.84%. Compared to the CK treatment, the number of OTUs (operational taxonomic units) in the G1, G2, and G3 treatments increased by 14.54%, 8.27%, and 6.84%, respectively. The application of γ-polyglutamic acid altered the composition and structure of the bacterial community, with Actinobacteriota, Proteobacteria, Chloroflexi, Acidobacteriota, and Gemmatimonadota accounting for 84.14-87.89% of the total bacterial community. The G2 treatment significantly enhanced the diversity and evenness of soil bacteria in the rhizosphere. Redundancy analysis revealed that organic matter, total nitrogen, total potassium, moisture content, and pH were the primary factors influencing the structure of bacterial phyla. At the genus level, moisture content emerged as the most influential factor on the bacterial community. Notably, moisture content exhibited a strong positive correlation with Acidobacteriota, which in turn was positively associated with indicators of alfalfa growth. In summary, the application of γ-polyglutamic acid at a 4% ratio has the potential for improving sandy soil quality, promoting plant growth, and regulating the rhizosphere microbial community.


Assuntos
Areia , Solo , Solo/química , Medicago sativa , Rizosfera , Ácido Poliglutâmico , Microbiologia do Solo , Bactérias , Acidobacteria , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Potássio/análise , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise
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