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1.
GM Crops Food ; 14(1): 21-31, 2023 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635971

RESUMO

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an important oil crop and one of the oldest-known oil crops to humankind. Sesame has excellent nutritional and therapeutic properties; it is rich in important fatty acids, protein, fiber, and vital minerals. Oil percentage varies among different genotypes but generally accounts for more than 50% of the seed's dry weight. To meet the increasing demand for vegetable oil production worldwide, expanding the cultivation of oil crops in newly reclaimed areas worldwide is essential. Molecular breeding is an expeditious approach for varietal improvement but requires efficient transgenesis. Published sesame transformation methods are highly genus-specific, tedious, and involve preparing and testing different media and explants. We produced transgenic sesame plants using a stable, noninvasive, and robust Agrobacterium tumefaciens transformation method. Leaves and flowers excised from the T0 plants at different developmental stages were PCR screened, and 61/93 seedlings were found to be PCR positive. T1 seeds resulting from two lines were germinated in a biocontainment greenhouse facility and screened using PCR, basta leaf painting, and spraying fully matured plants with basta herbicide (0.02 mg/l); non-transgenic segregants and control non-transgenic plants were severely damaged, and eventually died, while transgenic plants were not affected by the Basta spraying. RT-PCR on T1 plants indicated the presence of Bar transcripts in T1 progeny. Furthermore, RT-PCR using NPTII primers did not result in any amplification in transgenic sesame plants (NPTII is present in the vector but not in the T-DNA region) indicating that the transgenic sesame plants were not an Agrobacterium-contaminant.


Assuntos
Sesamum , Sesamum/genética , Sesamum/metabolismo , Egito , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Sementes/genética , Sementes/metabolismo
2.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 795, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646750

RESUMO

Raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs) are known to have important physiological functions in plants. However, the presence of RFOs in legumes causes flatulence, hence are considered antinutrients. To reduce the RFOs content to a desirable limit without compromising normal plant development and functioning, the identification of important regulatory genes associated with the biosynthetic pathway is a prerequisite. In the present study, through comparative RNA sequencing in contrasting genotypes for seed RFOs content at different seed maturity stages, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with the pathway were identified. The DEGs exhibited spatio-temporal expression patterns with high RFOs variety showing early induction of RFOs biosynthetic genes and low RFOs variety showing a late expression at seed maturity. Selective and seed-specific differential expression of raffinose synthase genes (AhRS14 and AhRS6) suggested their regulatory role in RFOs accumulation in peanut seeds, thereby serving as promising targets in low RFOs peanut breeding programs. Despite stachyose being the major seed RFOs fraction, differential expression of raffinose synthase genes indicated the complex metabolic regulation of this pathway. The transcriptomic resource and the genes identified in this study could be studied further to develop low RFOs varieties, thus improving the overall nutritional quality of peanuts.


Assuntos
Arachis , Melhoramento Vegetal , Rafinose/metabolismo , Arachis/genética , Arachis/metabolismo , Oligossacarídeos/metabolismo , Sementes/metabolismo
3.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 72, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593238

RESUMO

Plant cells store energy in oil bodies constructed by structural proteins such as oleosins and caleosins. Although oil bodies usually accumulate in the seed and pollen of plants, caleosins are present in various organs and organelles. This issue, coupled with the diverse activities of caleosins, complicates the description of these oleo-proteins. Therefore, the current article proposes a new classification based on the bioinformatics analysis of the transmembrane topology of caleosins. Accordingly, the non-membrane class are the most abundant and diverse caleosins, especially in lower plants. Comparing the results with other reports suggests a stress response capacity for these caleosins. However, other classes play a more specific role in germination and pollination. A phylogenetic study also revealed two main clades that were significantly different in terms of caleosin type, expression profile, molecular weight, and isoelectric point (P < 0.01). In addition to the biochemical significance of the findings, predicting the structure of caleosins is necessary for constructing oil bodies used in the food and pharmaceutical industries.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Plantas , Plantas , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Sementes/metabolismo , Gotículas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Óleos Vegetais/metabolismo
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(1)2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614175

RESUMO

Phytic acid (PA) is a strong anti-nutritional factor with a key antioxidant role in countering reactive oxygen species. Despite the potential benefits of low phytic acid (lpa) mutants, the reduction of PA causes pleiotropic effects, e.g., reduced seed germination and viability loss related to seed ageing. The current study evaluated a historical series of naturally aged seeds and showed that lpa1-1 seeds aged faster as compared to wildtype. To mimic natural ageing, the present study set up accelerated ageing treatments at different temperatures. It was found that incubating the seeds at 57 °C for 24 h, the wildtype germinated at 82.4% and lpa1-1 at 40%. The current study also hypothesized two possible solutions to overcome these problems: (1) Classical breeding was used to constitute synthetic populations carrying the lpa1-1 mutation, with genes pushing anthocyanin accumulation in the embryo (R-navajo allele). The outcome showed that the presence of R-navajo in the lpa1-1 genotype was not able to improve the germinability (-20%), but this approach could be useful to improve the germinability in non-mutant genotypes (+17%). (2) In addition, hydropriming was tested on lpa1-1 and wildtype seeds, and germination was improved by 20% in lpa1-1, suggesting a positive role of seed priming in restoring germination. Moreover, the data highlighted metabolic differences in the metabolome before and after hydropriming treatment, suggesting that the differences in germination could also be mediated by differences in the metabolic composition induced by the mutation.


Assuntos
Germinação , Ácido Fítico , Germinação/genética , Ácido Fítico/metabolismo , Zea mays/genética , Sementes/metabolismo , Melhoramento Vegetal
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(1)2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614240

RESUMO

The European grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) is one of the world's most widely cultivated and economically important fruit crops. Seedless fruits are particularly desired for table grapes, with seedlessness resulting from stenospermocarpy being an important goal for cultivar improvement. The establishment of an RNA in situ hybridisation (ISH) system for grape berries and ovules is, therefore, important for understanding the molecular mechanisms of ovule abortion in stenospermocarpic seedless cultivars. We improved RNA in situ hybridisation procedures for developing berries and ovules by targeting two transcription factor genes, VvHB63 and VvTAU, using two seeded varieties, 'Red Globe' and 'Pinot Noir', and two seedless cultivars, 'Flame Seedless' and 'Thompson Seedless'. Optimisation focused on the time of proteinase K treatment, probe length, probe concentration, hybridisation temperature and post-hybridisation washing conditions. The objectives were to maximise hybridisation signals and minimise background interference, while still preserving tissue integrity. For the target genes and samples tested, the best results were obtained with a pre-hybridisation proteinase K treatment of 30 min, probe length of 150 bp and concentration of 100 ng/mL, hybridisation temperature of 50 °C, three washes with 0.2× saline sodium citrate (SSC) solution and blocking with 1% blocking reagent for 45 min during the subsequent hybridisation. The improved ISH system was used to study the spatiotemporal expression patterns of genes related to ovule development at a microscopic level.


Assuntos
Frutas , Vitis , Frutas/genética , Óvulo Vegetal/genética , RNA/metabolismo , Endopeptidase K/metabolismo , Sementes/metabolismo , Vitis/genética
6.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 1277, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690693

RESUMO

Drought stress during the reproductive stage and declining soybean yield potential raise concerns about yield loss and economic return. In this study, ten cultivars were characterized for 20 traits to identify reproductive stage (R1-R6) drought-tolerant soybean. Drought stress resulted in a marked reduction (17%) in pollen germination. The reduced stomatal conductance coupled with high canopy temperature resulted in reduced seed number (45%) and seed weight (35%). Drought stress followed by rehydration increased the hundred seed weight at the compensation of seed number. Further, soybean oil decreased, protein increased, and cultivars responded differently under drought compared to control. In general, cultivars with high tolerance scores for yield displayed lower tolerance scores for quality content and vice versa. Among ten cultivars, LS5009XS and G4620RX showed maximum stress tolerance scores for seed number and seed weight. The observed variability in leaf reflectance properties and their relationship with physiological or yield components suggested that leaf-level sensing information can be used for differentiating drought-sensitive soybean cultivars from tolerant ones. The study led to the identification of drought-resilient cultivars/promising traits which can be exploited in breeding to develop multi-stress tolerant cultivars.


Assuntos
Secas , Soja , Soja/metabolismo , Melhoramento Vegetal , Fenótipo , Sementes/metabolismo
7.
Theor Appl Genet ; 136(1): 1-12, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662254

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: We identified four hub genes for isoflavone biosynthesis based on BSA-seq and WGCNA methods and validated that GmIE3-1 positively contribute to isoflavone accumulation in soybean. Soybean isoflavones are secondary metabolites of great interest owing to their beneficial impact on human health. Herein, we profiled the seed isoflavone content by HPLC in 1551 soybean accessions grown in two locations for two years and constructed two extreme pools with high (4065.1 µg g-1) and low (1427.23 µg g-1) isoflavone contents to identify candidate genes involved in isoflavone biosynthesis pathways using bulk segregant analysis sequencing (BSA-seq) approach. The results showed that the average sequencing depths were 50.3× and 65.7× in high and low pools, respectively. A total of 23,626 polymorphic SNPs and 5299 InDels were detected between both pools and 1492 genes with different variations were identified. Based on differential genes in BSA-seq and weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), four hub genes, Glyma.06G290400 (designated as GmIE3-1), Glyma.01G239200, Glyma.01G241500, Glyma.13G256100 were identified, encoding E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase, arm repeat protein interacting with ABF2, zinc metallopeptidase EGY3, and dynamin-related protein 3A, respectively. The allelic variation in GmIE3-1 showed a significant influence on isoflavone accumulation. The virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) and RNAi hairy root transformation of GmIE3-1 revealed partial suppression of this gene could cause a significant decrease (P < 0.0001) of total isoflavone content, suggesting GmIE3-1 is a positive regulator for isoflavones. The present study demonstrated that the BSA-seq approach combined with WGCNA, VIGS and hairy root transformation can efficiently identify isoflavone candidate genes in soybean natural population.


Assuntos
Isoflavonas , Humanos , Soja/genética , Soja/metabolismo , Sementes/genética , Sementes/metabolismo , Genes de Plantas , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
8.
Cells ; 12(2)2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36672228

RESUMO

Seed germination is the first step in initiating a new life cycle in seed plants. Light is a major environmental factor affecting seed germination. Phytochrome B (phyB) is the primary photoreceptor promoting germination during the initial phase of imbibition. Post-translational histone methylation occurring at both lysine and arginine residues plays a crucial role in transcriptional regulation in plants. However, the role of histone lysine demethylation in light-initiated seed germination is not yet reported. Here, we identified that Relative of Early Flowering 6 (REF6)/Jumonji Domain-containing Protein 12 (JMJ12), a histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27) demethylase, acts as a positive regulator of light-initiated seed germination. The loss of function of REF6 in Arabidopsis inhibits phyB-dependent seed germination. Genome-wide RNA-sequencing analysis revealed that REF6 regulates about half of the light-responsive transcriptome in imbibed seeds, including genes related to multiple hormonal signaling pathways and cellular processes. Phenotypic analyses indicated that REF6 not only regulates seed germination through GA (gibberellin) and ABA (abscisic acid) processes but also depends on the auxin signaling pathway. Furthermore, REF6 directly binds to and decreases the histone H3K27me3 levels of auxin-signaling- and cell-wall-loosening-related genes, leading to the activated expression of these genes in imbibed seeds. Taken together, our study identifies REF6 as the first histone lysine demethylase required for light-initiated seed germination. Our work also reveals the important role of REF6-mediated histone H3K27 demethylation in transcriptional reprogramming in the light-initiated seed germination process.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Germinação/genética , Histonas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Histona Desmetilases/metabolismo , Lisina/metabolismo , Sementes/genética , Sementes/metabolismo , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674569

RESUMO

Sesame is a promising oilseed crop that produces specific lignans of clinical importance. Hence, a molecular description of the regulatory mechanisms of lignan biosynthesis is essential for crop improvement. Here, we resequence 410 sesame accessions and identify 5.38 and 1.16 million SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) and InDels, respectively. Population genomic analyses reveal that sesame has evolved a geographic pattern categorized into northern (NC), middle (MC), and southern (SC) groups, with potential origin in the southern region and subsequent introduction to the other regions. Selective sweeps analysis uncovers 120 and 75 significant selected genomic regions in MC and NC groups, respectively. By screening these genomic regions, we unveiled 184 common genes positively selected in these subpopulations for exploitation in sesame improvement. Genome-wide association study identifies 17 and 72 SNP loci for sesamin and sesamolin variation, respectively, and 11 candidate causative genes. The major pleiotropic SNPC/A locus for lignans variation is located in the exon of the gene SiNST1. Further analyses revealed that this locus was positively selected in higher lignan content sesame accessions, and the "C" allele is favorable for a higher accumulation of lignans. Overexpression of SiNST1C in sesame hairy roots significantly up-regulated the expression of SiMYB58, SiMYB209, SiMYB134, SiMYB276, and most of the monolignol biosynthetic genes. Consequently, the lignans content was significantly increased, and the lignin content was slightly increased. Our findings provide insights into lignans and lignin regulation in sesame and will facilitate molecular breeding of elite varieties and marker-traits association studies.


Assuntos
Lignanas , Sesamum , Sesamum/genética , Sesamum/metabolismo , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Lignina , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Lignanas/metabolismo , Sementes/metabolismo
10.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 652, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635356

RESUMO

microRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs that are key regulatory factors participating in various biological activities such as the signaling of phosphorus deficiency in the plant. Previous studies have shown that miR156 expression was modulated by phosphorus starvation in Arabidopsis and soybean. However, it is not clear whether the over-expression of soybean miR156b (GmmiR156b) can improve a plant's tolerance to phosphorus deficiency and affect yield component traits. In this study, we generated Arabidopsis transgenic lines overexpressing GmmiR156b and investigated the plant's response to phosphorus deficiency. Compared with the wild type, the transgenic Arabidopsis seedlings had longer primary roots and higher phosphorus contents in roots under phosphorus-deficit conditions, but lower fresh weight root/shoot ratios under either phosphorus-deficient or sufficient conditions. Moreover, the GmmiR156b overexpression transgenic lines had higher phosphorus content in shoots of adult plants and grew better than the wide type under phosphorus-deficient conditions, and exhibited increased seed yields as well as strong pleiotropic developmental morphology such as dwarfness, prolonged growth period, bushy shoot/branching, and shorter silique length, suggesting that the transgenic lines were more tolerant to phosphorus deficiency. In addition, the expression level of four SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN LIKE (SPL) genes (i.e., AtSPL4/5/6/15) were markedly suppressed in transgenic plants, indicating that they were the main targets negatively regulated by GmmiR156b (especially AtSPL15) and that the enhanced tolerance to phosphorus deficiency and seed yield is conferred mainly by the miR156-mediated downregulation of AtSPL15.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , MicroRNAs , Fósforo , Soja , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Fósforo/deficiência , Fósforo/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Sementes/genética , Sementes/metabolismo , Soja/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA de Plantas/genética
11.
J Agric Food Chem ; 71(2): 1056-1066, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36595531

RESUMO

Plant fructokinase (FRK) guarantees the growth and development of higher plants by participating in carbohydrate metabolism. In this study, a new fructokinase, OsFRK3, was identified using bioinformatics analysis, enzyme assay, bacterial growth assay, and yeast complementation test. Then, we created OsFRK3 knockout transgenic lines (osfrk3-1 and osfrk3-2) by the CRISPR/Cas9 technology. We found that the 1000-grain weight decreased notably (approximately -3.6% and -6.1%, respectively) in osfrk3-1 and osfrk3-2. Evidently decreased grain width, grain thickness, and endosperm filling rate were detected in the osfrk3 mutants (osfrk3-1 and osfrk3-2) compared with those of the WT. In addition, the content of seed total starch was significantly decreased by 3.42 and 4.80% in osfrk3 lines, compared with that in the WT. The level of maltose was significantly reduced in the mutants, while that of sucrose and fructose was obviously increased in the mutants. The transcript levels of OsGBSS1, OsBEIIb, OsPFP1ß, and OsAGPL1 were significantly decreased in the osfrk3 mutants. These results suggest that OsFRK3 may positively regulate the accumulation of starch through influencing the sugar metabolism.


Assuntos
Oryza , Amido , Amido/metabolismo , Endosperma/genética , Endosperma/metabolismo , Grão Comestível/metabolismo , Sementes/genética , Sementes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 71(1): 615-625, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36537359

RESUMO

Optimized source-sink interactions are determinants of both rice yield and quality. However, most source genes have not been well studied in rice, a major grain crop. In this study, OsBMY4 and OsISA3, the key ß-amylase and debranching enzymes that control transient starch degradation in rice leaves, were co-overexpressed in rice in order to accelerate starch degradation efficiency and increase the sugar supply for sink organs. Systematic analyses of the transgenic rice indicated that co-overexpression of OsBMY4 and OsISA3 not only promoted rice yield and quality, but also improved seed germination and stress tolerance. Moreover, since the OsBMY4 gene has not been characterized, we generated osbmy4 mutants using CRIPSR/Cas9 gene editing, which helped to reveal the roles of ß-amylase in rice yield and quality. This study demonstrated that specific modulation of the expression of some key source genes improves the source-sink balance and leads to improvements in multiple key traits of rice seeds.


Assuntos
Oryza , beta-Amilase , Oryza/genética , Oryza/metabolismo , beta-Amilase/genética , Sementes/genética , Sementes/metabolismo , Grão Comestível/metabolismo , Amido/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
13.
J Plant Physiol ; 280: 153893, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36502559

RESUMO

Flax (Linum usitatissimum) is an important oil crop in arid and semi-arid regions of North and Northwest China, and its seeds are rich in nutritious storage reserves, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids (FAs) and proteins. However, the regulatory networks that control the accumulation of seed storage reserves in flax are still largely unknown. In this study, we found that LuABI3-1 and LuABI3-2 homologs from the flax cultivar 'Longya 10' play important roles in regulating the accumulation of seed storage reserves in Arabidopsis thaliana. The results of subcellular localization and transcriptional activity assays showed that both LuABI3-1 and LuABI3-2 function as transcription factors. Overexpression of either LuABI3-1 or LuABI3-2 resulted in the significant increase in the contents of total seed FAs and storage proteins, but did not alter other key agronomic traits in A. thaliana. Accordingly, the expression of key genes involved in the biosynthesis of FAs and storage proteins was also greatly up-regulated in the developing seeds of LuABI3-1-overexpression lines. Additionally, both LuABI3-1 and LuABI3-2 enhanced the tolerance to the high salt and mannitol stresses during seed germination and seedling establishment in A. thaliana. These results increase our understanding of the LuABI3 regulatory functions and provide promising targets for genetic manipulation of L. usitatissimum to innovate the germplasm resources and cultivate high yield and quality varieties.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Linho , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Plântula/genética , Plântula/metabolismo , Linho/genética , Linho/metabolismo , Germinação/genética , Sementes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
14.
Food Funct ; 14(1): 122-132, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36510766

RESUMO

The seeds from Gleditsia sinensis Lam., a common ecologically and economically useful tree, have high economic and nutritional value. The protective effect of polysaccharides from Gleditsia sinensis Lam. seeds (ZJMP) against dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice was investigated in this study. ZJMP alleviated weight loss, reduced the disease activity index, prevented colon shortening, alleviated colonic tissue damage, and restored goblet cell secretion in colitic mice. Dietary ZJMP reduced proinflammatory cytokine overproduction in the colonic mucosa and serum, which was accompanied by suppression of NO levels and MPO and SOD activities. The addition of ZJMP increased the expression of Muc2 and tight junction proteins. Furthermore, dietary ZJMP partially reversed the alteration of gut microbiota in colitic mice by boosting the abundance of beneficial bacteria like Akkermansia, Lactobacillus, and Christensenella while lowering the abundance of harmful bacteria like Bacteroides, Prevotella, and Mucispirillum. Additionally, the decreased production of short-chain fatty acids in the colitic mice was recovered by ZJMP administration. The findings demonstrated the anti-inflammatory properties and mechanism of dietary ZJMP in the colon, which is essential for the sensible application of ZJMP in the prevention and amelioration of inflammation-related diseases as a nutritional supplement.


Assuntos
Colite , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Gleditsia , Animais , Camundongos , Gleditsia/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana/efeitos adversos , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Colite/microbiologia , Colo/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Sementes/metabolismo , Homeostase , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Animais de Doenças
15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 226: 1-13, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36481329

RESUMO

Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) proteins are extremely hydrophilic proteins imperatively associated with plant growth and development, as well as cell protection from abiotic stress. However, the genome-wide characterization of LEA gene family remains limited, especially in aquatic species such as lotus (Nelumbo spp.). Here, 57 putative LEA genes, including 28 NnLEAs and 29 NlLEAs were identified in the N.nucifera and N.lutea genomes, respectively. A total of 27 homologous LEA gene pairs were identified, indicating high degree of sequence homologies between the two Nelumbo species. Secondary structure prediction indicated high prevalence of alpha (α) helix structure among LEA proteins in the LEA_1, LEA_4, and SMP groups. Screening of putative promoter cis-elements revealed that NnLEA genes were involved in diverse biological processes. Most NnLEA genes were predominantly expressed in the late cotyledons and plumules development stages, suggesting their potential vital roles in lotus seed maturation. In addition, genes co-expressed with NnLEAs were involved in ABA signaling, seed maturation, and development processes. Overall, this study provides new insights for the in-depth understanding of the functions of NnLEA proteins in lotus seed development, and could act as a useful reference for the molecular breeding of seeds with prolonged lifespan.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Proteínas de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Sementes/genética , Sementes/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Filogenia
16.
J Proteomics ; 270: 104736, 2023 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174953

RESUMO

Seed longevity is important for the maintenance of seed nutritional quality, vigor, and germination potential during storage. Sacred lotus is known as one of the longest living seeds in the world and their ability to maintain longevity has been widely investigated. In this study, a suitable controlled deterioration treatment (CDT) method was first established to evaluate the vigor loss of lotus plumule (LP), and then the Tandem Mass Tags (TMT)-based proteomic analysis was performed on LP from the CDT-treated seed to quantitatively and qualitatively analyze the protein profile dynamic. In total, 4002 proteins were successfully quantified, of them, 558 differently accumulated proteins (DAPs) were identified. Protein processing and RNA-related proteins were found more easily to be affected by CDT, which may directly result in seed vigor loss. Meanwhile, CDT resulted in remarkable up-regulation of numerous proteins related to antioxidation, photosynthesis, RNA and DNA stability, starch and sucrose mobilization, and cell membrane and wall stability, which potentially played key roles in maintaining the lotus seed vigor under CDT. Histological and physiological analyses were also performed to verify some proteome results. This study provided both fundamental data and new insights to further uncover the secret of lotus seed longevity. SIGNIFICANCE: Seed aging affects the seed quality and can result in direct economic losses. The exceptional longevity of sacred lotus seed has attracted extensive attention. In this study, an optimized CDT method was used to mimic the natural aging process of sacred lotus seed, and based on TMT-based quantitative proteomic analysis on the LP profile of CDT-treated seeds, a series of differentially accumulation of specific proteins (DEPs) were revealed related to CDT resistance. Correspondingly, the physiological state and histological structure of the LP along with the CDT were detected to verify the proteome data. This study provided comprehensive information for the molecular basis of lotus seed aging analysis and facilitate to screen seed longevity related proteins for other plant species.


Assuntos
Nelumbo , Nelumbo/genética , Nelumbo/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Sementes/metabolismo , RNA
17.
Mol Plant ; 16(1): 145-167, 2023 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36495013

RESUMO

Seeds are a major source of nutrients for humans and animal livestock worldwide. With improved living standards, high nutritional quality has become one of the main targets for breeding. Storage protein content in seeds, which is highly variable depending on plant species, serves as a pivotal criterion of seed nutritional quality. In the last few decades, our understanding of the molecular genetics and regulatory mechanisms of storage protein synthesis has greatly advanced. Here, we systematically and comprehensively summarize breakthroughs on the conservation and divergence of storage protein synthesis in dicot and monocot plants. With regard to storage protein accumulation, we discuss evolutionary origins, developmental processes, characteristics of main storage protein fractions, regulatory networks, and genetic modifications. In addition, we discuss potential breeding strategies to improve storage protein accumulation and provide perspectives on some key unanswered problems that need to be addressed.


Assuntos
Melhoramento Vegetal , Proteínas de Armazenamento de Sementes , Humanos , Proteínas de Armazenamento de Sementes/genética , Proteínas de Armazenamento de Sementes/metabolismo , Plantas/genética , Plantas/metabolismo , Sementes/metabolismo , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
18.
Environ Res ; 216(Pt 1): 114498, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36209791

RESUMO

The fungal symbiosis with the plant root system is importantly recognized as a plant growth promoting fungi (PGPFs), as well as elicitor of plant defence against different biotic and abiotic stress conditions. Thus PGPFs are playing as a key trouper in enhancing agricultural quality and increased crop production and paving a way towards a sustainable agriculture. Due to increased demand of food production, the over and unscientific usage of chemical fertilizers has led to the contamination of soil by organic and inorganic wastes impacting on soil quality, crops quality effecting on export business of agricultural products. The application of microbial based consortium like plant growth promoting fungi is gaining worldwide importance due to their multidimensional activity. These activities are through plant growth promotion, induction of systemic resistance, disease combating and detoxification of organic and inorganic toxic chemicals, a heavy metal tolerance ability. The master key behind these properties exhibited by PGPFs are attributed towards various secretory biomolecules (secondary metabolites or enzymes or metabolites) secreted by the fungi during interaction mechanism. The present review is focused on the multidimensional role PGPFs as elicitors of Induced systemic resistance against phytopathogens as well as heavy metal detoxifier through seed biopriming and biofortification methods. The in-sights on PGPFs and their probable mechanistic nature contributing towards plants to withstand heavy metal stress and stress alleviation by activating of various stress regulatory pathways leading to secretion of low molecular weight compounds like organic compounds, glomalin, hydrophobins, etc,. Thus projecting the importance of PGPFs and further requirement of research in developing PGPFs based molecules and combining with trending Nano technological approaches for enhanced heavy metal stress alleviations in plant and soil as well as establishing a sustainable agriculture.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Secretoma , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Produtos Agrícolas/metabolismo , Sementes/metabolismo , Fungos
19.
Plant Sci ; 327: 111559, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36496054

RESUMO

Many studies pointed out the deleterious effects of high temperatures events during the crop reproductive phase on seed yield and quality. However, plant responses to repeated stressing events remain poorly understood, while the increased frequency of extreme abiotic constraints, such as spring and summer heat waves, has been proven as one feature of the on-going and future climate change. The responses of oilseed rape plants subjected to three heat stress sequences that differed in the intensity, the timing of application, the duration and the frequency of the high temperature events were investigated throughout the seed development and maturation phases under controlled conditions. Seed yield and components were measured in three different harvest dates. Biochemical and histological analyses of seeds were carried out in order to monitor the evolution of the main storage compounds (fatty acids, proteins, sugars) involved in seed nutritional quality. Although the effects of heat stress were not significant on total yield, differences in seed number and weight highlighted the strong compensation capacity in indeterminate growth species. Heat stress induced significant decreases and increases in seed oil and protein content respectively, to different extent according to the age of the pods. Soluble sugars concentrations were impacted by heat during seed development, but not when the seeds reached physiological maturity, thus indicating compensatory mechanisms that set up after the stress exposure. Our results led to conclude that the effects of repeated heat stresses on seed yield and quality were tightly related to (i) the optimal temperature of a given compound biosynthesis process, and (ii) the synchrony between the temperature event and the period of biosynthesis of the targeted storage compound. These results highlight the complexity to design thermo-sensitizing protocols to maintain or even improve the various seed quality related criteria, especially in species with indeterminate growth.


Assuntos
Brassica napus , Brassica napus/metabolismo , Temperatura Alta , Temperatura , Sementes/metabolismo , Resposta ao Choque Térmico
20.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 24(1): 23-29, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546650

RESUMO

METAL TOLERANCE PROTEIN8 (MTP8) of Arabidopsis thaliana is a member of the CATION DIFFUSION FACILITATOR (CDF) family of proteins that transports primarily manganese (Mn), but also iron (Fe). MTP8 mediates Mn allocation to specific cell types in the developing embryo, and Fe re-allocation as well as Mn tolerance during imbibition. We analysed if an overexpression of MTP8 driven by the CaMV 35S promoter has an effect on Mn tolerance during imbibition and on Mn and Fe storage in seeds, which would render it a biofortification target. Fe, Mn and Zn concentrations in MTP8-overexpressing lines in wild type and vit1-1 backgrounds were analysed by ICP-MS. Distribution of metals in intact seeds was determined by synchrotron µXRF tomography. MTP8 overexpression led to a strongly increased Mn tolerance of seeds during imbibition, supporting its effectiveness in loading excess Mn into the vacuole. In mature seeds, MTP8 overexpression did not cause a consistent increase in Mn and Fe accumulation, and it did not change the allocation pattern of these metals. Zn concentrations were consistently increased in bulk samples. The results demonstrate that Mn and Fe allocation is not determined primarily by the MTP8 expression pattern, suggesting either a cell type-specific provision of metals for vacuolar sequestration by upstream transport processes, or the determination of MTP8 activity by post-translational regulation.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/genética , Manganês/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Sementes/metabolismo
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