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1.
Transl Psychiatry ; 13(1): 33, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725835

RESUMO

Theta-burst stimulation (TBS) represents a brain stimulation technique effective for treatment-resistant depression (TRD) as underlined by meta-analyses. While the methodology undergoes constant refinement, bilateral stimulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) appears promising to restore left DLPFC hypoactivity and right hyperactivity found in depression. The post-synaptic inhibitory serotonin-1A (5-HT1A) receptor, also occurring in the DLPFC, might be involved in this mechanism of action. To test this hypothesis, we performed PET-imaging using the tracer [carbonyl-11C]WAY-100635 including arterial blood sampling before and after a three-week treatment with TBS in 11 TRD patients compared to sham stimulation (n = 8 and n = 3, respectively). Treatment groups were randomly assigned, and TBS protocol consisted of excitatory intermittent TBS to the left and inhibitory continuous TBS to the right DLPFC. A linear mixed model including group, hemisphere, time, and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD) score revealed a 3-way interaction effect of group, time, and HAMD on specific distribution volume (VS) of 5-HT1A receptor. While post-hoc comparisons showed no significant changes of 5-HT1A receptor VS in either group, higher 5-HT1A receptor VS after treatment correlated with greater difference in HAMD (r = -0.62). The results of this proof-of-concept trial hint towards potential effects of TBS on the distribution of the 5-HT1A receptor. Due to the small sample size, all results must, however, be regarded with caution.


Assuntos
Córtex Pré-Frontal Dorsolateral , Serotonina , Humanos , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana/métodos , Córtex Pré-Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Córtex Pré-Frontal/fisiologia , Depressão , Receptor 5-HT1A de Serotonina
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(1): 82-95, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725261

RESUMO

With the approach of untargeted metabolomics and correlation analysis, this study aimed to explore the mechanism of Aurantii Fructus from Lingnan region in alleviating dryness by analyzing the different effects of raw Aurantii Fructus(RAF) and processed Aurantii Fructus(PAF) on fecal endogenous metabolism in normal rats. Eighteen Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats were randomly divided into a control group(C), an RAF group(10 g·kg~(-1)), and a PAF group(10 g·kg~(-1)). After seven days of administration, the effects of RAF and PAF on dryness-related indexes were compared, including water intake, fecal water content, salivary secretion, the expression of AQP5, VIP, and 5-HT in the submandibular gland, as well as the expression of AQP3, VIP, and 5-HT in the colon. The fecal samples in each group were determined by LC-MS. Multivariate statistical analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for screening the differential metabolites and metabolic pathways in alleviating dryness of RAF. The results indicated that both RAF and PAF showed certain dryness, and the dryness of RAF was more significant. Moreover, PAF could alleviate dryness of RAF to a certain extent by reducing the water intake, fecal water content, and the expression of AQP3, VIP, and 5-HT in the colon and increasing the salivary secretion and the levels of AQP5, VIP, and 5-HT in the submandibular gland. According to the analysis of fecal metabolomics, 99 and 58 metabolites related to dryness were found in RAF and PAF respectively, where 16 of them played an important role in alleviating dryness of RAF. Pathway analysis revealed that the mechanism of PAF in alleviating dryness of RAF was presumably related to the regulation of riboflavin metabolism, purine metabolism, arginine biosynthesis, pyrimidine metabolism, alanine metabolism, aspartate metabolism, glutamate metabolism, and retinol metabolism pathways. This study suggested that PAF might alleviate dryness of RAF by affecting the metabolic levels of the body, which provides a new basis for further clarifying the processing mechanism of PAF.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ratos , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Serotonina , Metabolômica , Água
3.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 28(1): 1, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36722266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The activation of subcutaneous mast cells (MCs) helps to trigger the analgesic effect induced by acupuncture (AP), a traditional oriental therapy, that has been gradually accepted worldwide. This work aimed to reveal whether the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) released from MCs plays an important role in this process, which has a controversial effect in the mechanism of pain. METHODS: In vivo tests, a 20-min session of AP was applied at Zusanli acupuncture point (acupoint) of acute ankle arthritis rats. Pain thresholds of the injured hindpaw were assessed to reflect the pain state, and the targeting substances in the interstitial space of the treated acupoint were sampled by microdialysis. In vitro experiments, exogenous 5-HT (exo-5-HT) was introduced to mediate adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release from cultured MCs. RESULTS: Needling promoted 5-HT accumulation at the Zusanli acupoint, which was prevented by sodium cromolyn. AP's analgesic effect was suppressed by the inhibition of 5-HT receptors at the acupoint, especially 5-HT1A subtype. In vitro tests, mechanical perturbation mimicking needling stimulation induced MCs to release 5-HT. 1 µM and 10 µM of exo-5-HT facilitated ATP release, which was restrained by blocking of 5-HT1 receptors rather than 5-HT3 receptors. As 5-HT, ATP and adenosine were also transiently accumulated in the treated acupoint during needling. Promoting ATP hydrolysis or activation adenosine A1 receptors duplicated AP analgesic effect. Finally, the inhibition of ATP receptors by suramin or pyridoxal phosphate-6-azo tetrasodium salt hydrate (PPADS) prevented AP analgesic effect. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that MC-associated 5-HT release at acupoints contributes to AP analgesia, and the mediation of ATP secretion through 5-HT1A receptors might be the underlying mechanism at play. ATP could facilitate adenosine production or the propagation of needling signals.


Assuntos
Analgesia por Acupuntura , Artrite , Doença de Hashimoto , Animais , Ratos , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Serotonina , Pontos de Acupuntura , Mastócitos , Adenosina , Analgésicos
4.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677694

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the extraction process of agarwood active ingredients (AA) and investigate the safety and effectiveness of AA in the treatment of insomnia rats by nasal administration. METHOD: A ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) inclusion compound (a-ß-CD) was prepared from agarwood essential oil (AEO), and the preparation process was optimized and characterized. The safety of AA in nasal mucosa was evaluated through Bufo gargarizans maxillary mucosa and rat nasal mucosa models. Insomnia animal models were replicated by injecting p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA), conducting behavioral tests, and detecting the expression levels of monoamine neurotransmitters (NE and 5-HT) and amino acids (GABA/Glu) in the rat hypothalamus. RESULTS: The optimum inclusion process conditions of ß-CD were as follows: the feeding ratio was 0.35:1.40 (g:g), the inclusion temperature was 45 °C, the inclusion time was 2 h, and the ICY% and IEO% were 53.78 ± 2.33% and 62.51 ± 3.21%, respectively. The inclusion ratio, temperature, and time are the three factors that have significant effects on the ICY% and IEO% of a-ß-CD. AA presented little damage to the nasal mucosa. AA increased the sleep rate, shortened the sleep latency, and prolonged the sleep time of the rats. The behavioral test results showed that AA could ameliorate depression in insomnia rats to a certain extent. The effect on the expression of monoamine neurotransmitters and amino acids in the hypothalamus of rats showed that AA could significantly reduce NE levels and increase the 5-HT level and GABA/Glu ratio in the hypothalamus of insomnia rats. CONCLUSION: The preparation of a-ß-CD from AEO can reduce its irritation, improve its stability, increase its curative effect, and facilitate its storage and transport. AA have certain therapeutic effects on insomnia. The mechanism of their effect on rat sleep may involve regulating the expression levels of monoamine neurotransmitters and amino acids in the hypothalamus.


Assuntos
Ciclodextrinas , Óleos Voláteis , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Animais , Ratos , Fenclonina/farmacologia , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/metabolismo , Neurotransmissores , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/química , Serotonina , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/induzido quimicamente , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/tratamento farmacológico
5.
Cytokine ; 162: 156115, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599202

RESUMO

Women with breast cancer (BC) are often combined with psychological disorder such as depression and anxiety. Depression is associated or correlated with increased toxicity and severity of physical symptoms. However, the mechanism of BC progression related to the regulation of emotion-related circuitry remains to be further explored. The study aims to investigate indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) pathway mechanism underlying stress-induced progression of BC. BC cell line 4T1 was subcutaneously inoculated into BALB/c mice, and they then received daily chronic unpredictable mild stressors (CUMS) for 12 weeks. Depression-like behavior tests were conducted, including sucrose preference test (SPT), tail suspension test (TST), forced swimming test (FST), and novelty suppressed feeding test (NSF). The levels of 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and inflammatory factors, IL-6, CXCL1, IL-10 and IL-4 were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of mouse serum. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect Ki67- or FOXP3-positive tumor cells. The status of IDO signaling pathway was assessed by immunoblotting analysis. CUMS induced depression-like behaviors, decreased the level of 5-HT, promoted tumor progression, enhanced the immunohistochemical staining of Ki-67, and promoted the activation of IDO signaling pathway in BC mice. The IDO signaling pathway was disrupted in mice by lentiviral transduction of shRAN-IDO. Lentivirus-mediated IDO knockdown attenuated CUMS-induced depression-like behaviors, increased the level of 5-HT, inhibited tumor progression, and reduced the immunohistochemical staining of Ki-67 in BC mice. The present study suggests that disruption of IDO signaling pathway alleviates CUMS-induced depression-like behaviors and inhibits tumor progression in BC mice.


Assuntos
Depressão , Neoplasias , Feminino , Camundongos , Animais , Depressão/psicologia , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Serotonina/metabolismo , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Comportamento Animal
6.
Cell ; 186(1): 232-232.e1, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608655

RESUMO

Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5HT) signaling regulates processes in every major organ system, but it is most widely known for its role as a neurotransmitter in modulating a plethora of human behaviors. Psychedelics target the 5HT2A receptor and represent potentially transformative therapeutics for neuropsychiatric disorders. To view this SnapShot, open or download the PDF.


Assuntos
Alucinógenos , Humanos , Alucinógenos/farmacologia , Alucinógenos/uso terapêutico , Serotonina , Transdução de Sinais , Receptores de Serotonina
7.
Subcell Biochem ; 102: 379-413, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36600141

RESUMO

Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is an important neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and the periphery. Most 5-HT (~99%) is found in the periphery where it regulates the function of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and is an important regulator of platelet aggregation. However, the remaining 1% that is found in the central nervous system (CNS) can regulate a range of physiological processes such as learning and memory formation, mood, food intake, sleep, temperature and pain perception. More recent work on the CNS of invertebrate model systems has shown that 5-HT can directly regulate lifespan.This chapter will focus on detailing how CNS 5-HT signalling is altered with increasing age and the potential consequences this has on its ability to regulate lifespan.


Assuntos
Longevidade , Serotonina , Sistema Nervoso Central , Transdução de Sinais
8.
Molecules ; 28(1)2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615578

RESUMO

Serotonin receptors are involved in a number of physiological functions and regulate aggression, anxiety, appetite, cognition, learning, memory, mood, nausea, sleep, and thermoregulation. Here we report synthesis and detailed structural and behavioral studies of three indole derivatives: D2AAK5, D2AAK6, and D2AAK7 as serotonin 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptor ligands. X-ray studies revealed that the D2AAK5 compound crystallizes in centrosymmetric triclinic space group with one molecule in the asymmetric unit. The main interaction between the ligands and the receptors is the salt bridge between the protonatable nitrogen atom of the ligands and the conserved Asp (3.32) of the receptors. The complexes were stable in the molecular dynamic simulations. MD revealed that the studied ligands are relatively stable in their binding sites, with the exception of D2AAK7 in the serotonin 5-HT1A receptor. D2AAK7 exerts anxiolytic activity in the EPM test, while D2AAK5 has a beneficial effect on the memory processes in the PA test.


Assuntos
Antipsicóticos , Serotonina , Serotonina/metabolismo , Ligantes , Receptor 5-HT2A de Serotonina/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Receptores de Serotonina/metabolismo , Receptor 5-HT1A de Serotonina/metabolismo
9.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 23(1): 14, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624413

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to characterize the metabolites associated with small- and large-gestational-age newborns in maternal and cord blood, and to investigate potential mechanisms underlying the association between birthweight and metabolic disturbances. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We recorded detailed anthropometric data of mother-offspring dyads. Untargeted metabolomic assays were performed on 67 pairs of cord blood and maternal fasting plasma samples including 16 pairs of small-for-gestational (SGA, < 10th percentile) dyads, 28 pairs of appropriate-for-gestational (AGA, approximate 50 percentile) dyads, and 23 pairs of large-for-gestational (LGA, > 90th percentile) dyads. The association of metabolites with newborn birthweight was conducted to screen for metabolites with U-shaped and line-shaped distributions. The association of metabolites with maternal and fetal phenotypes was also performed. RESULTS: We found 2 types of metabolites that changed in different patterns according to newborn birthweight. One type of metabolite exhibited a "U-shaped" trend of abundance fluctuation in the SGA-AGA-LGA groups. The results demonstrated that cuminaldehyde level was lower in the SGA and LGA groups, and its abundance in cord blood was negatively correlated with maternal BMI (r = -0.352 p = 0.009) and weight gain (r = -0.267 p = 0.043). 2-Methoxy-estradiol-17b 3-glucuronide, which showed enrichment in the SGA and LGA groups, was positively correlated with homocysteine (r = 0.44, p < 0.001) and free fatty acid (r = 0.42, p < 0.001) in maternal blood. Serotonin and 13(S)-HODE were the second type of metabolites, denoted as "line-shaped", which both showed increasing trends in the SGA-AGA-LGA groups in both maternal and cord blood and were both significantly positively correlated with maternal BMI before pregnancy. Moreover, cuminaldehyde, serotonin, 13(S)-HODE and some lipid metabolites showed a strong correlation between maternal and cord blood. CONCLUSIONS: These investigations demonstrate broad-scale metabolomic differences associated with newborn birthweight in both pregnant women and their newborns. The U-shaped metabolites associated with both the SGA and LGA groups might explain the U-shaped association between birthweight and metabolic dysregulation. The line-shaped metabolites might participate in intrauterine growth regulation. These observations might help to provide new insights into the insulin resistance and the risk of metabolic disturbance of SGA and LGA babies in adulthood and might identify potential new markers for adverse newborn outcomes in pregnant women.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Serotonina , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Peso ao Nascer/fisiologia , Idade Gestacional
10.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 23(1): 7, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Suanzaoren-Wuweizi herb-pair (SWHP), composed of Zizyphi Spinosi Semen (Suanzaoren in Chinese) and Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus (Wuweizi in Chinese), is a traditional herbal formula that has been extensively used for the treatment of insomnia. The study aimed to explore the targets and signal pathways of Suanzaoren-Wuweizi (S-W) in the treatment of anxiety by network pharmacology, and to verify the pharmacodynamics and key targets of SWHP in mice. METHODS: The Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) as well as literature mining were used to obtain the main chemical ingredients of Suanzaoren and Wuweizi. The SwissTargetPrediction platform was used to predict drug-related targets. The GeneCards, TTD, DisGeNET and OMIM databases were used to obtain potential targets for the treatment of anxiety with the chemical components of S-W. Drug-disease intersection genes were selected, and a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using STRING. The core targets of S-W in the treatment of anxiety were selected according to the topological parameters, and GO functional enrichment as well as KEGG pathways enrichment analyses were performed for potential targets. The relationship network of the "drug-active ingredient-disease-target-pathway" was constructed through Cytoscape 3.8.0. The pharmacodynamics of SWHP in the treatment of anxiety was evaluated by the elevated plus maze (EPM), the light/dark box test (LDB) and the open field test (OFT). The mechanisms were examined by measuring monoamine neurotransmitters in brain of mice. RESULTS: The results showed that there were 13 active ingredients for the treatment of anxiety in the network. This includes sanjoinenine, swertisin, daucosterol, schizandrer B, wuweizisu C and gomisin-A. Additionally, there were 148 targets, such as AKT1, TNF, SLC6A4, SLC6A3, EGFR, ESR1, HSP90AA1, CCND1, and DRD2, mainly involved in neuroactive ligand-receptor interactions, the Serotonergic synapse pathway and the cAMP signaling pathway. After 1 week of treatment, SWHP (2 and 3 g/kg) induced a significant increase on the percentage of entries into and time spent on the open arms of the EPM. In the LDB test, SWHP exerted anxiolytic-like effect at 2 g/kg. In the open-field test, SWHP (2 g/kg) increased the number of central entries and time spent in central areas. The levels of brain monoamines (5-HT and DA) and their metabolites (5-HIAA, DOPAC) were decreased after SWHP treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The anti-anxiety effect of SWHP may be mediated by regulating 5-HT, DA and other signaling pathways. These findings demonstrated that SWHP produced an anxiolytic-like effect and the mechanism of action involves the serotonergic and dopaminergic systems, although underlying mechanism remains to be further elucidated.


Assuntos
Ansiolíticos , Schisandra , Animais , Camundongos , Ansiolíticos/farmacologia , Farmacologia em Rede , Serotonina
11.
Physiol Biochem Zool ; 96(1): 75-85, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36626843

RESUMO

AbstractLaboratory animal models have shown that blood serotonin levels reflect consistent individual differences in behavioral decision-making and maternal behavior. Serotonin could also help to understand intraspecific variation in reproductive strategies, although the mechanisms are poorly understood. In this study, the relationships of plasma serotonin with breeding parameters and parental behavior were examined in wild great tits (Parus major). Females who laid eggs earlier had higher levels of serotonin in the second half of the nestling period, while no significant relationship of serotonin with clutch size, brood size, and body size was detected. In males, serotonin levels were negatively related to clutch size and brood size and positively related to body size. The association of serotonin with provisioning behavior was sex specific, and acute fear stress induced by a predator presentation did not change this relationship. Food provisioning was positively related to size-corrected serotonin levels in females and negatively related to size-corrected serotonin levels in males. These results suggest that peripheral serotonin is a sensitive marker of parental behavior and reproductive effort in wild birds, while the mechanisms linking this neurotransmitter to reproduction are probably mediated by interplay between the serotonergic system, sex hormones, and other neurotransmitters.


Assuntos
Passeriformes , Serotonina , Feminino , Masculino , Animais , Reprodução , Tamanho da Ninhada , Tamanho Corporal
12.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 24(1): 32, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627414

RESUMO

Migraine headaches are usually intolerable, and a quick-relief treatment remains an unmet medical need. Almotriptan malate is a serotonin (5-HT1B/1D) receptor agonist approved for the treatment of acute migraine in adults. It is currently available in an oral tablet dosage form and has a Tmax of 1-3 h, and therefore, there is a medical need to develop a non-invasive rapidly acting formulation. We have developed an intranasal formulation of almotriptan malate using the quality-by-design (QbD) approach. A 2-factor 3-level full factorial design was selected to build up the experimental setting. The developed formulation was characterized for pH, viscosity, in vitro permeation, ex vivo permeation, and histopathological tolerance. To assess the potential of the developed formulation to produce a rapid onset of action following intranasal delivery, a pharmacokinetic study was performed in the Sprague-Dawley rat model and compared to the currently available marketed oral tablet formulation. For this, the LC-MS/MS bioanalytical method was developed and used for the determination of plasma almotriptan malate concentrations. Results of a pharmacokinetic study revealed that intranasal administration of optimized almotriptan malate formulation enabled an almost five-fold reduction in Tmax and about seven-fold increase in bioavailability in comparison to the currently available oral tablet formulation, suggesting the potential of developed almotriptan malate intranasal formulation in producing a rapid onset of action as well as enhanced bioavailability.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Agonistas do Receptor de Serotonina , Animais , Ratos , Administração Intranasal , Cromatografia Líquida , Agonistas do Receptor de Serotonina/farmacocinética , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Triptaminas/farmacocinética , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/tratamento farmacológico , Serotonina/uso terapêutico , Comprimidos
13.
Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi ; 158(1): 43-46, 2023.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596489

RESUMO

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often treated by (1) selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), (2) exposure therapy, or a combination of the two. However, while all treatments have some efficacy, they are not fully effective. It is necessary to elucidate the causes of inadequate efficacy and to direct the development of effective treatments. First, regarding (1), pharmacological studies have indicated that the 5-HT2C receptor is one of the receptor subtypes that interfere with the therapeutic effects of SSRIs. To compensate for nonselective effects in pharmacological manipulations, we replicated pharmacological results using mice deficient in the 5-HT2C receptor gene. However, since either pharmacological blockade or gene knockout of the 5-HT2C receptor could increase locomotor activity, the locomotor-enhancing effects make the interpretations of results difficult. Therefore, we used the conditioned lick suppression test to evaluate fear response using corrected values that consider the effects of differences in locomotor activity, thereby eliminating this possibility. Next, to address (2), we conducted fear conditioning by simultaneously presenting a composite of sound and environmental stimuli and then re-exposing the subjects to the sound and environmental stimuli separately. We found that the fear response to the sound stimuli quickly decreased, while the fear response to the environmental stimuli did not diminish even after repeated exposure. Thus, exposure therapy may exacerbate PTSD, depending on the method used. In this paper, we will introduce the above results and suggest directions for future PTSD research.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Camundongos , Animais , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/tratamento farmacológico , Serotonina , Receptor 5-HT2C de Serotonina/genética , Condicionamento Clássico/fisiologia
14.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2023: 2302653, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647428

RESUMO

We previously found that Wuzhuyu Decoction (WZYD) could affect central and peripheral 5-HT to relieve hyperalgesia in chronic migraine (CM) model rats, possibly related to gut microbiota. However, the exact role of gut microbiota has not been elucidated. Accumulating evidence points to the possibility of treating central nervous system disease via the gut-brain axis. In our study, the inflammatory soup-induced CM model rats presented depression- and anxiety-like behaviors which both related to insufficient 5-HT. It was found that antibiotic administration caused community dysbiosis, and proteobacteria became the main dominant bacteria. The bacteria related to short-chain fatty acids and 5-HT generation were reduced, resulting in reduced levels of 5-HT, tryptophan hydroxylase, and secondary bile acids. Functional prediction-revealed sphingolipid signaling pathway in CM rats was significantly decreased and elevated after WZYD treatment. The effect of WZYD could be weakened by antibiotics. The CM rats exhibited anxiety- and depression-like behavior with 5-HT and number of neurons decreased in the CA1 and CA2 regions of hippocampal. The treatment of WZYD could recover to varying degrees. Antibiotics combined with WZYD attenuate the effect of WZYD on increasing the 5-HT content and related protein expression in the brain stem, plasma and colon, reducing CGRP, c-Fos, and inflammatory factors. And antibiotics also led to colon length increasing and stool retention, so that the antimigraine effect was weakened compared with WZYD. This experiment revealed that gut microbiota mediated WZYD treatment of CM rats with anxiety-depression like behavior.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Microbiota , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Animais , Ratos , Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/tratamento farmacológico , Serotonina , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia
15.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 36(1): 55-60, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653007

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of midazolam on pain in lumbar disc herniation model rats based on p38 MAPK signaling pathway. METHODS: Fifty SPF-grade Sprague-Dawley healthy rats, half male and half female, were selected and randomly divided into normal group, model group, and low-dose, medium-dose, high-dose groups. Model group and low-dose, medium-dose, high-dose groups were initially modeled for lumbar disc herniation. Intraperitoneal injection of saline was performed in rats of normal and model groups; and in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose groups, intraperitoneal injection of midazolam was performed with doses of 30, 60, and 90 mg/kg, respectively. Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), ß-endorphin (ß-EP), substance P (SP), neuropeptide Y (NPY) were detected in the serum of rats by enzyme-linked immunoassay. The expression of p38 MAPK and matrix metalloproteinase-3(MMP-3) protein were detected by Western blot in the tissues of rats of each group. RESULTS: The levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß and ß-EP were higher and the level of 5-HT was lower in the model group than in the normal group(P<0.05);the levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß and ß-EP were lower and the level of 5-HT was higher in the low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups than in the model group(P<0.05). The levels of SP and NPY increased in the model group compared with the normal group (P<0.05) and the levels of SP and NPY decreased in the low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups compared with the model group (P<0.05). The expression of p38 MAPK and MMP-3 increased in the model group compared with the normal group (P<0.05); the expression of p38 MAPK and MMP-3 decreased in the low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose compared with the model group(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Midazolam may ameliorate the immune inflammatory response in rats with a model of lumbar disc herniation, possibly regulated through the p38MAPK signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Ratos , Masculino , Feminino , Animais , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/metabolismo , Midazolam , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/fisiologia , Dor , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
16.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 36(1): 86-91, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653013

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the application of different puncture techniques to inject bone cement in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). METHODS: The clinical data of 282 patients with OVCFs treated from January 2017 to December 2019 were collected for a retrospective study. According to the surgical plan the patients were divided into group A and B, with 141 cases in each group. In group A, extreme lateral puncture was used to inject bone cement through unilateral puncture and bilateral puncture. In group B, bone cement was injected through unilateral pedicle puncture through pedicle approach. The operation status(operation time, radiation exposure time, bone cement injection volume, hospital stay) and complications were observed between two groups. Before operation and 6, 12 months after operation, the pain mediators such as serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), prostaglandin E2(PGE2), substance P(SP) were compared, bone mineral density, anatomical parameters of the injured vertebrae (height of the anterior edge of the vertebral body, height of the posterior edge of the vertebral body, Cobb angle), visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were evaluated between two groups. RESULTS: There were no significant difference in operation time, radiation exposure time, hospital stay between two groups (P>0.05). The amount of bone cement injected in group A was greater than that in group B (P<0.05). The serum 5-HT, SP and PGE2 levels of group A were lower than those of group B at 12 months after operation (P<0.05). The height of anterior edge and height of the posterior edge of vertebral body in group A were greater than those of group B at 12 months after operation, Cobb angle of group A was smaller than that of group B, VAS and ODI were lower than those of group B(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in bone mineral density between two groups at 6 and 12 months postoperatively(P<0.05). There was no significant difference between two groups in postoperative complications (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with unilateral puncture of the pedicle approach, unilateral puncture and bilateral cement injection technique is more conducive to the recovery of the injured vertebral anatomy and function, and do not prolong operation time, radiation exposure time, hospital stay, nor do increase the risk of nerve damage and bone cement leakage, and postoperative bone metabolism and bone mineral density are improved well, which is a safe and reliable surgical method for the treatment of OVCFs.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Humanos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Cimentos Ósseos , Vertebroplastia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dinoprostona , Serotonina , Resultado do Tratamento , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Punções
17.
Phytomedicine ; 110: 154651, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic ulcerative colitis (UC) is a lifelong disease, patients with chronic UC have a high prevalence of common mental disorders. The increasing interest in the role of gut-brain axis is seen in inflammatory bowel diseases. PURPOSE: Corylin is a representative flavonoid compound isolated from the Psoraleae Fructus. This study aimed to identify the effects and mechanism of corylin on the inflammation interactions and 5-HT synthesis between the gut and brain in chronic UC. METHODS: Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) induced chronic UC mouse model was established to assess the therapeutic effect of corylin on chronic UC symptoms. The expression of inflammatory cytokines was detected in the colon and brain. The expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins of intestinal mucosal barrier and blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1 (Iba1) in the hippocampus were determined by western blotting and immunofluorescence staining. In addition, several tryptophan (Trp) metabolites and related neurotransmitters in faeces, colon, serum, and brain were detected by UPLC-MS/MS. The interaction between corylin and 5-hydroxytryptophan decarboxylase (5-HTPDC) was performed by molecular docking and surface plasmon resonance (SPR). Finally, the changes of gut microbiota composition were analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing. RESULTS: Corylin significantly alleviated colitis symptoms and inhibited inflammatory response in the colon and brain of DSS-induced chronic UC mice. The TJ proteins of intestinal mucosal barrier and BBB were improved and the expression of Iba1 in the hippocampus was normalized after corylin treatment. In addition, corylin treatment increased the expression of neurotransmitters in the brain, especially 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), but the expression of 5-HT in the colon was inhibited. Further study firstly proved that corylin could bind to the 5-HTDPC, and then inhibit the expression of 5-HTDPC and VB6, resulting in the 5-HT reduction and 5-HTP accumulation in the colon. Moreover, the intake of corylin transformed the diversity and composition of intestinal microbiota, Bacteroides, Escherichia-Shigella, and Turicibacter were decreased but Dubosiella, Enterorhabdus, and Candidatus_Stoquefichus were increased. CONCLUSION: Corylin administration ameliorated DSS-induced colitis and inhibited intestinal inflammation and neuroinflammation via regulating the inflammation interactions across gut-brain axis and increasing 5-HTP generation in the colon.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Colite , Animais , Camundongos , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , 5-Hidroxitriptofano/farmacologia , Eixo Encéfalo-Intestino , Serotonina , Cromatografia Líquida , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Colo , Flavonoides , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação , Sulfato de Dextrana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
18.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 13(1)2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36671921

RESUMO

Platelets are probably the most accessible human cells to study exocytosis by amperometry. These cell fragments accumulate biological amines, serotonin in particular, using similar if not the same mechanisms as those employed by sympathetic, serotoninergic, and histaminergic neurons. Thus, platelets have been widely recognized as a model system to study certain neurological and psychiatric diseases. Platelets release serotonin by exocytosis, a process that entails the fusion of a secretory vesicle to the plasma membrane and that can be monitored directly by classic single cell amperometry using carbon fiber electrodes. However, this is a tedious technique because any given platelet releases only 4-8 secretory δ-granules. Here, we introduce and validate a diamond-based multielectrode array (MEA) device for the high-throughput study of exocytosis by human platelets. This is probably the first reported study of human tissue using an MEA, demonstrating that they are very interesting laboratory tools to assess alterations to exocytosis in neuropsychiatric diseases. Moreover, these devices constitute a valuable platform for the rapid testing of novel drugs that act on secretory pathways in human tissues.


Assuntos
Plaquetas , Serotonina , Humanos , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Membrana Celular , Fibra de Carbono , Exocitose/fisiologia
19.
Cells ; 12(2)2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36672143

RESUMO

We have studied whether growth factors, cytokines, hormones, neurotransmitters, and local hormones (autacoids) promote the proliferation of hepatic parenchymal cells (i.e., hepatocytes) using in vitro primary cultured hepatocytes. The indicators used for this purpose include changes in DNA synthesis activity, nuclear number, cell number, cell cycle, and gene expression. In addition, the intracellular signaling pathways from the plasma membrane receptors to the nucleus have been examined in detail for representative growth-promoting factors that have been found to promote DNA synthesis and cell proliferation of hepatocytes. In examining intracellular signaling pathways, the effects of specific inhibitors of presumed signaling factors involved have been pharmacologically confirmed, and the phosphorylation activities of the signaling factors (e.g., RTK, ERK, mTOR, and p70 S6K) have been evaluated. As a result, it has been found that there are many factors that promote the proliferation of hepatocytes (e.g., HGF, EGF, TGF-α, IL-1ß, TNF-α, insulin, growth hormone (GH), prostaglandin (PG)), and serotonin (5-HT)), while there are very few factors (e.g., TGF-ß1 and glucocorticoids) that inhibit the effects of growth-promoting factors. We have also found that 5-HT and GH promote the proliferation of hepatocytes via different autocrine factors (e.g., TGF-α and IGF-I, respectively). Using primary cultured hepatocytes, it will be possible to further study the molecular and cellular aspects of liver regeneration.


Assuntos
Regeneração Hepática , Fator de Crescimento Transformador alfa , Fator de Crescimento Transformador alfa/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador alfa/farmacologia , Serotonina/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Hormônios/metabolismo
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674892

RESUMO

Renal vasculature, which is highly innervated by sympathetic fibers, contributes to cardiovascular homeostasis. This renal sympathetic outflow is inhibited by 5-HT in normoglycaemic rats. Considering that diabetes induces cardiovascular complications, we aimed to determine whether diabetic state modifies noradrenergic input at renal level and its serotonergic modulation in rats. Alloxan diabetic rats were anaesthetized (pentobarbital; 60 mg/kg i.p.) and prepared for in situ autoperfusion of the left kidney to continuously measure systemic blood pressure (SBP), heart rate (HR), and renal perfusion pressure (RPP). Electrical stimulation of renal sympathetic outflow induces frequency-dependent increases (Δ) in RPP (23.9 ± 2.1, 59.5 ± 1.9, and 80.5 ± 3.5 mm Hg at 2, 4, and 6 Hz, respectively), which were higher than in normoglycaemic rats, without modifying HR or SBP. Intraarterial bolus of 5-HT and 5-CT (5-HT1/5/7 agonist) reduced electrically induced ΔRPP. Only L-694,247 (5-HT1D agonist) reproduced 5-CT inhibition on sympathetic-induced vasoconstrictions, whereas it did not modify exogenous noradrenaline-induced ΔRPP. 5-CT inhibition was exclusively abolished by i.v. bolus of LY310762 (5-HT1D antagonist). An inhibitor of guanylyl cyclase, ODQ (i.v.), completely reversed the L-694,247 inhibitory effect. In conclusion, diabetes induces an enhancement in sympathetic-induced vasopressor responses at the renal level. Prejunctional 5-HT1D receptors, via the nitric oxide pathway, inhibit noradrenergic-induced vasoconstrictions in diabetic rats.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Serotonina , Ratos , Animais , Serotonina/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar , Receptor 5-HT1D de Serotonina/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Rim , Norepinefrina/farmacologia , Norepinefrina/metabolismo , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/metabolismo , Estimulação Elétrica , Pressão Sanguínea
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