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1.
Cell Prolif ; 53(3): e12762, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32119185

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hepatic sinusoidal angiogenesis owing to dysfunctional liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) accompanied by an abnormal angioarchitecture is a symbol related to liver fibrogenesis, which indicates a potential target for therapeutic interventions. However, there are few researches connecting angiogenesis with liver fibrosis, and the deeper mechanism remains to be explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell angiogenesis and angiogenic protein were examined in primary LSECs of rats, and multifarious cellular and molecular assays revealed the efficiency of curcumol intervention in fibrotic mice. RESULTS: We found that curcumol inhibited angiogenic properties through regulating their upstream mediator hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). The transcription activation of HIF-1α was regulated by hedgehog signalling on the one hand, and the protein stabilization of HIF-1α was under the control of Prospero-related homeobox 1 (PROX1) on the other. A deubiquitinase called USP19 could be recruited by PROX1 and involved in ubiquitin-dependent degradation of HIF-1α. Furthermore, our researches revealed that hedgehog signalling participated in the activation of PROX1 transcription probably in vitro. Besides, curcumol was found to ameliorate liver fibrosis and sinusoid angiogenesis via hedgehog pathway in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 ) induced liver fibrotic mice. The protein expression of key regulatory factors, PROX1 and HIF-1α, was consistent with the Smo, the marker protein of Hh signalling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: In this article, we evidenced that curcumol controlling LSEC-mediated angiogenesis could be a promising therapeutic approach for liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Sesquiterpenos/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Proteína GLI1 em Dedos de Zinco/metabolismo
2.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(4): 518-524, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterised by aberrant B cell hyperactivation, whose mechanism is partially understood. METHODS: We performed whole transcriptome sequencing of B cells from three pSS patients and three matched healthy controls (HC). Differentially expression genes (DEGs) were confirmed with B cells from 40 pSS patients and 40 HC by quantitative PCR and western blot. We measured the proliferation potential and immunoglobulins production of siRNA-transfected or plasmid-transfected B cells stimulated with cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) or anti-IgM. We also explored Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) signalling to reveal the potential mechanism of B cell hyperactivation in pSS. RESULTS: We identified 77 upregulated and 32 downregulated DEGs in pSS B cells. We confirmed that epithelial stromal interaction (EPST1) expression in pSS B cells was significantly higher than that from HCs. EPSTI1-silencing B cells stimulated with CpG were less proliferated and produced lower level of IgG and IgM comparing with control B cells. EPSTI1-silencing B cells expressed lower level of p-p65 and higher level of IκBα, and B cells with overexpressed EPSTI1 showed higher level of p-p65 and lower level of IκBα. Finally, IκBα degradation inhibitor Dehydrocostus Lactone treatment attenuated p65 phosphorylation promoted by EPSTI1. CONCLUSION: Elevated EPSTI1 expression in pSS B cells promoted TLR9 signalling activation and contributed to the abnormal B cell activation, which was promoted by facilitating p65 phosphorylation and activation of NF-κB signalling via promoting IκBα degradation. EPSTI1 might be implicated in pSS pathogenesis and was a potential therapeutic target of pSS.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/imunologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Lactonas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/imunologia , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fosforilação , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Sesquiterpenos , Síndrome de Sjogren/metabolismo , Receptor Toll-Like 9/imunologia , Receptor Toll-Like 9/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição RelA/imunologia , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
3.
Life Sci ; 250: 117573, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209423

RESUMO

Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) is a consequence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, resulting in oxidative damage and neurocognitive impairment. This study was designed to determine whether abnormal iron metabolism occurs in the brain under conditions of CIH and whether Huperzine A (HuA) could improve abnormal iron metabolism and neurological damage. The mouse model of CIH was established by reducing the percentage of inspired O2 (FiO2) from 21% to 9% 20 times/h for 8 h/day, and Huperzine A (HuA, 0.1 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered during CIH exposure for 21 days. HuA significantly improved cognitive impairment and neuronal damage in the hippocampus of CIH mice via increasing the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax and inhibiting caspase-3 cleavage. HuA considerably decreased ROS levels by downregulating the high levels of NADPH oxidase (NOX 2, NOX 4) mediated by CIH. There was an overload of iron, which was characterized by high levels of ferritin (FTL and FTH) and transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) and low levels of ferroportin 1 (FPN1) in the hippocampus of CIH mice. Decreased levels of TfR1 and FTL proteins observed in HuA treated CIH group, could reduce iron overload in hippocampus. HuA increased PSD 95 protein expression, CREB activation and BDNF protein expression to protect against synaptic plasticity impairment induced by CIH. HuA acts as an effective iron chelator to attenuate apoptosis, oxidative stress and synaptic plasticity mediated by CIH.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/uso terapêutico , Transtornos Cognitivos/tratamento farmacológico , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipóxia/patologia , Sobrecarga de Ferro/tratamento farmacológico , Sesquiterpenos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Apoptose , Comportamento Animal , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ferritinas/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Plasticidade Neuronal , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Estresse Oxidativo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Receptores da Transferrina/metabolismo
4.
Phytochemistry ; 174: 112324, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32163786

RESUMO

In this study, 14 previously undescribed terpenoids were isolated from the Chinese liverwort Heteroscyphus coalitus (Hook.) Schiffner, including a rare harziane type diterpenoid, heteroscyphsic acid A; eight ent-clerodane diterpenoids, heteroscyphsic acids B-I; four labdane diterpenoids, heteroscyphins A-D; and one guaiane sesquiterpene, heteroscyphin E; as well as a known ent-junceic acid. Their structures were determined by a combination of MS, NMR spectroscopy, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. The anti-virulence activity of the isolated compounds against Candida albicans DSY654 demonstrated that most of them could block hyphal growth at concentrations ranging from 4-32 µg/ml. Further investigation of the most active compound, heteroscyphin D, revealed that it could suppress the ability of C. albicans DSY654 to adhere to A549 cells and form biofilms, and modulate the transcription of related genes in this fungus.


Assuntos
Diterpenos Clerodânicos , Hepatófitas , Sesquiterpenos , Candida albicans , Terpenos
5.
Phytochemistry ; 174: 112345, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200067

RESUMO

Ten poly-O-acylated ß-dihydroagarofuran sesquiterpenoids, siphonagarofurans A-J, were obtained from the fruits of Siphonodon celastrineus using chromatographic techniques. Their structures were elucidated by extensive use of 2-D NMR spectroscopic methods. The absolute configurations of siphonagarofurans A-J were assigned following analysis of calculated and experimental ECD spectra. The absolute configuration of siphonagarofuran A was also confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis. Selected compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against KB, Vero and Hela cell lines with siphonagarofuran J identified as the most active compound, with IC50 values ranging from 14 to 27 µM.


Assuntos
Celastraceae , Sesquiterpenos , Frutas , Células HeLa , Humanos
6.
Phytochemistry ; 174: 112348, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213358

RESUMO

Six undescribed sesquiterpenoids, including three acorane-type sesquiterpenoids (daphneaines A-C), three guaiane-type sesquiterpenoids (daphneaines E-G) and three known analogues were isolated from the roots of Daphne genkwa Siebold et Zucc. Their gross structures were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses. The relative configurations of daphneaines A-C were determined by NOESY experiments. In addition, the relative configuration of daphneaine G was elucidated by performing a quantum chemical calculation of the NMR chemical shifts coupled with an advanced statistical procedure DP4+. The comparison of experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data led to the establishment of the absolute configurations of daphneaines A-G. All isolates were tested for their inhibitory activity towards the LPS-induced NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages, and daphneaine F showed inhibitory effect on NO production with an IC50 value of 35.68 ± 3.18 µM.


Assuntos
Daphne , Sesquiterpenos , Anti-Inflamatórios , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais , Raízes de Plantas
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(11): e19481, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elemene is a natural compound extracted from Zingiberaceae plants, and is used in various cancer. However, the efficacy and safety elemene combined with chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer (GC) are lack of systematic assessment. METHODS: we searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, China Academic Journals (CNKI), Chinese Science and Technology Journals (CQVIP) and Chinese Biomedical Literature databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing elemene plus chemotherapy with chemotherapy alone in participants with advanced GC and reporting at least one of the following outcomes were selected and assessed for inclusion. JADAD scale was used to assess the quality. Data was screened and extracted by two independent investigators. The primary clinical outcome was overall response rate (ORR); the secondary outcomes were quality of life (QOL) and adverse events (AEs). Analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: Sixteen RCTs matched the selection criteria, which reported on 969 subjects. Risk ratios (RR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled for ORR, life quality based on KPS, and risk of AEs. Compared to chemotherapy alone, elemene combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of GC may increase the efficiency of ORR(RR: 1.41; 95% CI: 1.23-1.60; P < .0001), improve their life quality based on KPS (RR: 1.84; 95% CI: 1.45-2.34; P < .00001), and reduce the adverse reactions, including leukopenia(RR: 0.73; 95% CI: 0.62-0.85; P < .00001), neutropenia (RR: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.60-0.95; P = .02), anemia (RR: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.60-0.95; P = .02), thrombocytopenia (RR: 0.56; 95% CI: 0.43-0.73; P < .00001). Nausea and vomiting (RR: 0.84; 95% CI: 0.84-1.07; P = .39), diarrhea (RR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.41-1.15; P = .15), neurotoxicity (RR: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.59-1.00; P = .05) and hepatic dysfunction (RR: 0.95; 95% CI: 0.58-1.54; P = .83) were similar between two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Elemene may have the potential to improve the efficacy and reduce the AEs of chemotherapy for gastric cancer. However, the long-term, high-quality researches with a large sample size in different populations are required.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Sesquiterpenos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(10): 3214-3219, 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32079394

RESUMO

Four terpene synthases for the biosynthesis of volatile terpenoids were identified from the transcriptome of Stellera chamaejasme L. flowers, including SchTPS1, SchTPS2, SchTPS3, and SchTPS4. Their functions were characterized by synthetic biology approaches in Escherichia coli and in vitro enzymatic assays. SchTPS1, SchTPS2, and SchTPS3 are guaiene synthases, while SchTPS4 is an (E,E)-geranyl linalool synthase. Next, SchTPS1 and α-guaiene 2-oxidase VvSTO2 were co-expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to reconstruct the biosynthetic pathway of (-)-rotundone, which is a unique aroma compound in fruits, vegetables, and wines. This is the first report for the construction of a (-)-rotundone-producing microbial platform.


Assuntos
Alquil e Aril Transferases/metabolismo , Azulenos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/metabolismo , Thymelaeaceae/enzimologia , Alquil e Aril Transferases/genética , Vias Biossintéticas , Flores/enzimologia , Flores/genética , Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Thymelaeaceae/genética
9.
Phytochemistry ; 172: 112281, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044582

RESUMO

Ten undescribed highly oxidized sesquiterpenes and six known sesquiterpenes were isolated from H2O-soluble part of the fruits of Illicium lanceolatum A. C. Smith. The structures of undescribed compounds were elucidated by interpretation of spectroscopic data, and the absolute configurations of 2α-hydroxyneoanisatinic acid, (1R,5R,6S,7R,9R,10R)-3,4-dehydro-12-hydroxy-floridanolide, and (1R,4S,5R,6S,7S,9S)-1-deoxy-13-hydroxymerrilactone B were determined by the single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Illilanceolatin A was the first example of a seco-prezizaane type sesquiterpene with a hemiacetal moiety located at C-10. 2α-Hydroxyneoanisatinic acid and anisatinic acid were two naturally occurring undescribed seco-prezizaane type sesquiterpenes with a 5/5/6 tricyclic carbon skeleton. Plausible biosynthetic pathways of the isolated polycyclic and highly oxidized sesquiterpenes derived from the intermediate allo-cedrane were proposed. (1R,5R,6S,7R,9R,10R)-3,4-dehydro-12-hydroxy-floridanolide, 1,3-dihydroxyneoanisatin, and 2α-hydroxyneoanisatin displayed neuroprotective effects with protection rates of 19.9, 22.7 and 24.3% at 10 µM, respectively. Additionally, the preliminary acute toxicity of anisatinic acid was also evaluated.


Assuntos
Illicium , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Sesquiterpenos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Frutas , Estrutura Molecular
10.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 177-184, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of atractylenolide I on proliferation and apoptosis of U266 cells, and anti-multiple myeloma effect of bortezomib. METHODS: Bortezomib, bortezomib combined atractylenolide I and atractylenolide I at different concentrations were added into U266 cells respectively, cellular proliferation toxicity was evaluated by CCK-8 assay, apoptosis and cell cycle were detected by using flow cytometry with Annexin V-FITC/PI staining. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis were used to detect the mRNA and protein levels of targeting gene Caspase-3,Caspase-9,BCL-2,BAX,JAK2,STAT3 and IL-6, respectively. RESULTS: The proliferation of U266 cells could inhibited by atractylenolide I, and the apoptosis of U266 cells could be promoted by atractylenolide I, also, which showed a dose-dependent manner(P<0.00; r=0.99). Moreover, the atractylenolide I could regulat the mitochondrial pathway(P<0.01). The combination of 2 drugs could strengther the inhibition of U266 cell proliferation significantly, and the expression level of IL-6,JAK2,STAT3 and BCL-2 mRNA and protein could be decreased by single drug and 2 drugs both(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Atractylenolide I significantly inhibits the proliferation of U266 cells and promotes their apoptosis. At the same time, it acts synergistically with bortezomib, which may be related to mitochondrial pathway, and probably related to the regulating of IL-6, JAK2 and STAT3 gene expression in signal pathway of JAK2/STAT3.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Sesquiterpenos , Bortezomib , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Lactonas
11.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(12): e201901205, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049185

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of huperzine A (HupA) on hippocampal inflammatory response and neurotrophic factors in aged rats after anesthesia. METHODS: Thirty-six Sprague Dawley rats (20-22 months old) were randomly divided into control, isofluran, and isoflurane+HupA groups; 12 rats in each group. The isoflurane+HupA group was intraperitoneally injected with 0.2 mg/kg of HupA. After 30 min, isoflurane inhalation anesthesia was performed in the isoflurane and isoflurane+HupA groups. After 24 h from anesthesia, Morris water maze experiment and open-field test were performed. Hippocampal inflammatory and neurotrophic factors were determined. RESULTS: Compared with isoflurane group, in isofluran+HupA group the escape latency of rats was significantly decreased (P < 0.05), the original platform quadrant residence time and traversing times were significantly increased (P < 0.05), the central area residence time was significantly increased (P < 0.05), the hippocampal tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin 6 and interleukin 1ß levels were significantly decreased (P < 0.05), and the hippocampal nerve growth factor, brain derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 levels were significantly increased (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: HupA may alleviate the cognitive impairment in rats after isoflurane anesthesia by decreasing inflammatory factors and increasing hippocampal neurotrophic factors in hippocampus tissue.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Anestésicos Inalatórios/efeitos adversos , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Isoflurano/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Anestesia/efeitos adversos , Animais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-6/análise , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/análise , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
12.
Phytochemistry ; 173: 112278, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078832

RESUMO

Following the discovery of a new class of compounds that inhibit the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma translocation 1 (MALT1) protease in a prior study, further chemical investigation of the Dictyosporium digitatum fungus resulted in the identification of 16 additional metabolites, including 12 undescribed compounds (1-12). The constitution and relative configuration of these new molecules were established by comprehensive NMR and HRMS analyses. Their absolute configurations were determined by employing Mosher's ester analysis and TDDFT ECD calculations. Two sesquiterpenes, dictyosporins A (1) and B (2), possess an undescribed eudesmen-type of structural scaffold. The ability of the isolated compounds to inhibit MALT1 proteolytic activity was evaluated, but none of them exhibited significant inhibition.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Sesquiterpenos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Solo
13.
Phytochemistry ; 173: 112286, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059132

RESUMO

The chemical formation of terpenes in nature is carried out by terpene synthases as the main biocatalysts to guide the carbocation intermediate to form structurally diverse compounds including acyclic, mono- and multiple cyclic products. Despite intensive study of the enzyme active site, the mechanism of specific terpene biosynthesis remains unclear. Here we demonstrate that a single mutation of the amino acid L454G or L454A in the active site of Persicaria minor ß-sesquiphellandrene synthase leads to a more promiscuous enzyme that is capable of producing additional hydroxylated sesquiterpenes such as sesquicineole, sesquisabinene hydrate and α-bisabolol. Furthermore, the same L454 residue mutation (L454G or L454A) in the active site also improves the protein homogeneity compared to the wild type protein. Taken together, our results demonstrate that residue Leucine 454 in the active site of ß-sesquiphellandrene synthase is important for sesquiterpene product diversity as well as the protein homogeneity in solution.


Assuntos
Alquil e Aril Transferases , Polygonaceae , Sesquiterpenos , Domínio Catalítico , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Terpenos
14.
Mol Carcinog ; 59(4): 399-411, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027051

RESUMO

Exploiting metabolic vulnerabilities of cancer cells with nontoxic, plant derived compounds constitutes a novel strategy for both chemoprevention and treatment. A high-throughput screening approach was used to evaluate a library of natural products to determine the most synergistic combination in precursor-B cell acute lymphoblast leukemia. Dimethylaminoparthenolide and shikonin effectively inhibited proliferation resulting in cell death in primary and immortalized leukemia cells, while having negligible effects on normal cells. Dimethylaminoparthenolide and shikonin have been shown separately to inhibit cell survival and proliferative signaling and activate tumor suppressors and proapoptotic pathways. Untargeted metabolomics and metabolic flux analysis with stable isotopically labeled glucose and glutamine exhibited a global shift in metabolism following treatment. Pathway analysis indicated significant differences in amino acid, antioxidant, tricarboxylic acid cycle, and nucleotide metabolism. Together, dimethylaminoparthenolide and shikonin reduced the shunting of glycolytic intermediates into the pentose phosphate pathway for biosynthetic purposes. Similarly, the incorporation of glutamine and glutamine-derived metabolites into purine and pyrimidine synthesis was inhibited by the combination of dimethylaminoparthenolide and shikonin, effectively impeding biosynthetic pathways critical for leukemia cell survival. This approach demonstrates that a synergistic pair of compounds with malignant cell specificity can effectively target metabolic pathways crucial to leukemia cell proliferation and induce apoptosis.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Criança , Ciclo do Ácido Cítrico/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Glucose/metabolismo , Glutamina/metabolismo , Glicólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/patologia
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911205

RESUMO

Due to the biological features of sesquiterpene coumarins and incomparable interest in therapeutics application of natural products, extraction of sesquiterpene coumarins from asafoetida have gained highly attention. One of the most important problems is removal of sulfur containing compounds which are co-existed with sesquiterpene coumarins. So employment of new methods for selective extraction and cleanup of sesquiterpene coumarins is very substantial. In this study using dummy molecularly imprinting technique, 7-hydroxycoumarin-imprited polymer was synthesized and after evaluation of binding properties of polymers, the optimum one was used as sorbent in solid phase extraction. Afterwards dummy molecularly imprinting solid phase extraction (DMISPE) method was calibrated for simultaneous extraction of galbanic acid, 7-isopentenyloxy coumarin and auraptene from aqueous media before high performance liquid chromatography with UV detector (HPLC-UV) analysis. The recovery was in the range of 68.32%-84.69%, which were in the acceptable range compared to previous works. Finally, the calibrated DMISPE method was used for extraction and cleanup of sesquiterpene coumarins from asafetida plant. The concentration of isosamarcandin, kellerin and farnesiferol in asafoetida extract was obtained 0.8, 2.7, and 5 µg/mL, respectively, using standard addition method.


Assuntos
Cumarínicos/isolamento & purificação , Ferula/química , Impressão Molecular/métodos , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cumarínicos/análise , Cumarínicos/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sesquiterpenos/análise , Sesquiterpenos/química
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931331

RESUMO

Ptaquiloside (PTA) is an illudane glycoside partly responsible for the carcinogenicity of bracken ferns (Pteridium sp.). The PTA analogues ptesculentoside (PTE) and caudatoside (CAU) have similar biochemical reactivity. However, both compounds are highly under-investigated due to the lack of analytical standards and appropriate methods. This study presents a robust method for preparation of analytical standards of PTE, CAU, PTA, the corresponding hydrolysis products: pterosins G, A and B, and an LC-MS based method for simultaneous quantification of the six compounds in bracken. The chromatographic separation of analytes takes 5 min. The observed linear range of quantification was 20-500 µg/L for PTA and pterosin B, and 10-250 µg/L for the remaining compounds (r > 0.999). The limits of detection were 0.08-0.26 µg/L for PTE, CAU and PTA and 0.01-0.03 µg/L for the pterosins, equivalent to 2.0-6.5 µg/g and 0.25-0.75 µg/g in dry weight, respectively. The method was applied on 18 samples of dried fern leaves from 6 continents. Results demonstrated high variation in concentrations of PTE, CAU and PTA with levels prior to hydrolysis up to 3,900, 2,200 and 2,100 µg/g respectively. This is the first analytical method for simultaneous and direct measurement of all six compounds. Its application demonstrated that bracken ferns contain significant amounts of PTE and CAU relative to PTA.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Glicosídeos , Indanos , Pteridium/química , Sesquiterpenos , Glicosídeos/análise , Glicosídeos/química , Indanos/análise , Indanos/química , Limite de Detecção , Modelos Lineares , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos/análise , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sesquiterpenos/análise , Sesquiterpenos/química
17.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(4): 687-693, 2020 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903473

RESUMO

The first total synthesis of a marine natural product, exigurin, has been accomplished in 13 steps starting from (+)-menthone. The key intermediate (-)-10-epi-axisonitrile-3 was prepared by stereoselective intramolecular cyclopropanation followed by a cyclopropane ring opening reaction by the azide anion. The bioinspired Ugi reaction of (-)-10-epi-axisonitrile-3, formaldehyde, sarcosine and methanol successfully constructed the target exigurin in which its terpene and amino acid units were linked through an amide bond.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/síntese química , Iminoácidos/síntese química , Sesquiterpenos/síntese química , Estereoisomerismo
18.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(4): 642-645, 2020 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916553

RESUMO

Photeroids A (1) and B (2), two structurally fascinating meroterpenoids, were isolated from the deep-sea-derived fungus Phomopsis tersa FS441. Their structures were sufficiently established by a comprehensive interpretation of the spectroscopic data, NMR spectra, and ECD calculation. Photeroids A and B represented the first phenolic sesquiterpene meroterpenoids featuring a highly fused 6/6/6/6 tetracyclic ring system derived through a rarely-occurring hetero-Diels-Alder reaction via an orthoquinone methide intermediate. Additionally, they were also evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against four human cancer cells, wherein compounds 1 and 2 exhibited moderate cytotoxic activities.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/química , Fenóis/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/farmacologia , Humanos , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação
19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(10): 1517-1520, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919484

RESUMO

The pseudoguaianelactones A (1) and B (2), two novel sesquiterpene lactones with an unprecedented [5,7,7] ring system featuring an α-methylene-γ-lactone moiety, together with a new pseudoguaianelactone C (3) were isolated from the roots of Lindera glauca. Pseudoguaianelactones A-C (1-3) inhibited nitric oxide (NO) production, with IC50 values ranging from 1.38 to 4.00 µM. Moreover, all compounds significantly suppressed the production of pro-inflammatory mediators (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß and PGE2) and the protein expression of the enzymes iNOS and COX-2.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Lindera/química , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Citocinas/metabolismo , Lindera/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Conformação Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/química , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7 , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia
20.
Phytochemistry ; 172: 112255, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935608

RESUMO

Six undescribed sesquiterpene glucosides, fissispallins A-F, and one known sesquiterpene glucoside, fissispallin, were discovered in the leaves of Fissistigma pallens (Finet & Gagnep.) Merr. The structures were determined using spectroscopic methods, including 1D, 2D NMR, and MS. All compounds were evaluated for cytotoxic activity against three human cancer cell lines, HT-29, A-2058, and A-549. Fissispallin A showed potent activity with the IC50 values less than 1.5 µM against all tested human cancer cell lines. Fissispallin also showed potent activity with IC50 value of 0.4 ± 0.3 on the A-2058 cancer cell lines. Fissispallins B-D showed significant cytotoxic activity against all the tested cancer cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 3.8 to 7.2 µM.


Assuntos
Annonaceae , Sesquiterpenos , Glucosídeos , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Folhas de Planta
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