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1.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 52(3): 224, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573098
2.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 117, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying reliable prognostic markers is crucial for the effective management of hypertension. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has emerged as a potential inflammatory marker linked to cardiovascular outcomes. This study aims to investigate the association of NLR with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among patients with hypertension. METHODS: This study analyzed data from 3067 hypertensive adults in the National Health and Nutritional Examination Surveys (NHANES) from 2009 to 2014. Mortality details were obtained from the National Death Index (NDI). Restricted cubic spline (RCS) was deployed to visualize the association of the NLR with mortality risk. Weighted Cox proportional hazards models were employed to assess the independent association of NLR with mortality risk. Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was conducted to access the predictive ability of NLR for survival. Mediation analysis was used to explore the indirect impact of NLR on mortality mediated through eGFR. RESULTS: Over a median 92.0-months follow-up, 538 deaths occurred, including 114 cardiovascular deaths. RCS analysis revealed a positive association between NLR and both all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Participants were stratified into higher (> 3.5) and lower (≤ 3.5) NLR groups. Weighted Cox proportional hazards models demonstrated that individuals with higher NLR had a significantly increased risk of all-cause (HR 1.96, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.52-2.52, p < 0.0001) and cardiovascular mortality (HR 2.33, 95% CI 1.54-3.51, p < 0.0001). Stratified and interaction analysis confirmed the stability of the core results. Notably, eGFR partially mediated the association between NLR and both all-cause and cardiovascular mortality by a 5.4% and 4.7% proportion, respectively. Additionally, the areas under the curve (AUC) of the 3-, 5- and 10- year survival was 0.68, 0.65 and 0.64 for all-cause mortality and 0.68, 0.70 and 0.69 for cardiovascular mortality, respectively. CONCLUSION: Elevated NLR independently confers an increased risk for both all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in individuals with hypertension.


Assuntos
Sistema Cardiovascular , Hipertensão , Adulto , Humanos , Neutrófilos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Linfócitos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7835, 2024 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570516

RESUMO

Cardiovascular risk increases during the aging process in women with atherosclerosis and exercise training is a strategy for management of cardiac risks in at-risk populations. Therefore, the aims of this study were to evaluate: (1) the influence of the aging process on cardiac function, hemodynamics, cardiovascular autonomic modulation, and baroreflex sensitivity in females with atherosclerosis at the onset of reproductive senescence; and (2) the impact of exercise training on age-related dysfunctions in this model. Eighteen Apolipoprotein-E knockout female mice were divided equally into young (Y), middle-aged (MA), and trained middle-aged (MAT). Echocardiographic exams were performed to verify cardiac morphology and function. Cannulation for direct recording of blood pressure and heart rate, and analysis of cardiovascular autonomic modulation, baroreflex sensitivity were performed. The MA had lower cardiac diastolic function (E'/A' ratio), and higher aortic thickness, heart rate and mean arterial pressure, lower heart rate variability and baroreflex sensitivity compared with Y. There were no differences between Y and MAT in these parameters. Positive correlation coefficients were found between aortic wall thickness with hemodynamics data. The aging process causes a series of deleterious effects such as hemodynamic overload and dysautonomia in female with atherosclerosis. Exercise training was effective in mitigating aged-related dysfunctions.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Sistema Cardiovascular , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Camundongos , Animais , Idoso , Coração , Hemodinâmica , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Aterosclerose/terapia
6.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 24(1): 123, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glycopyrrolate-neostigmine (G/N) for reversing neuromuscular blockade (NMB) causes fewer changes in heart rate (HR) than atropine-neostigmine (A/N). This advantage may be especially beneficial for elderly patients. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the cardiovascular effects of G/N and A/N for the reversal of NMB in elderly patients. METHODS: Elderly patients aged 65-80 years who were scheduled for elective non-cardiac surgery under general anesthesia were randomly assigned to the glycopyrrolate group (group G) or the atropine group (group A). Following the last administration of muscle relaxants for more than 30 min, group G received 4 ug/kg glycopyrrolate and 20 ug/kg neostigmine, while group A received 10 ug/kg atropine and 20 ug/kg neostigmine. HR, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and ST segment in lead II (ST-II) were measured 1 min before administration and 1-15 min after administration. RESULTS: HR was significantly lower in group G compared to group A at 2-8 min after administration (P < 0.05). MAP was significantly lower in group G compared to group A at 1-4 min after administration (P < 0.05). ST-II was significantly depressed in group A compared to group G at 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 14, and 15 min after administration (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In comparison to A/N, G/N for reversing residual NMB in the elderly has a more stable HR, MAP, and ST-II within 15 min after administration.


Assuntos
Sistema Cardiovascular , Recuperação Demorada da Anestesia , Bloqueio Neuromuscular , Idoso , Humanos , Neostigmina/farmacologia , Glicopirrolato , Atropina/farmacologia
7.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 189, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Systemic Immune-Inflammation Index (SII), a novel marker of inflammation based on neutrophil, platelet, and lymphocyte counts, has demonstrated potential prognostic value in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Our aim was to assess the correlation between the SII and major adverse cardiovascular events following percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and The Cochrane Library from inception to November 20, 2023, for cohort studies investigating the association between SII and the occurrence of MACEs after PCI. Statistical analysis was performed using Revman 5.3, with risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) as relevant parameters. RESULTS: In our analysis, we incorporated a total of 8 studies involving 11,117 participants. Our findings revealed that a high SII is independently linked to a increased risk of MACEs in PCI patients (RR: 2.08,95%CI: 1.87-2.32, I2 = 42%, p < 0.00001). Additionally, we demonstrated the prognostic value of SII in all-cause mortality, heart failure, and non-fatal myocardial infarction. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated SII may serve as a potential predictor for subsequent occurrence of MACEs in patients undergoing PCI. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Our protocol was registered in PROSPERO (registration number: CRD42024499676).


Assuntos
Sistema Cardiovascular , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia
8.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1338025, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558798

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the correlation between SIRI and the probability of cardiovascular mortality as well as all-cause mortality in individuals with chronic kidney disease. Methods: A cohort of 3,262 participants from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database were included in the study. We categorized participants into five groups based on the stage of chronic kidney disease. A weighted Cox regression model was applied to assess the relationship between SIRI and mortality. Subgroup analyses, Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and ROC curves were conducted. Additionally, restricted cubic spline analysis was employed to elucidate the detailed association between SIRI and hazard ratio (HR). Results: This study included a cohort of 3,262 individuals, of whom 1,535 were male (weighted proportion: 42%), and 2,216 were aged 60 or above (weighted proportion: 59%). Following adjustments for covariates like age, sex, race, and education, elevated SIRI remained a significant independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality (HR=2.50, 95%CI: 1.62-3.84, p<0.001) and all-cause mortality (HR=3.02, 95%CI: 2.03-4.51, p<0.001) in CKD patients. The restricted cubic spline analysis indicated a nonlinear relationship between SIRI and cardiovascular mortality, with SIRI>1.2 identified as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality in CKD patients. Conclusion: Heightened SIRI independently poses a risk for both all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in chronic kidney disease patients, with potentially heightened significance in the early stages (Stage I to Stage III) of chronic kidney disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Sistema Cardiovascular , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica
10.
JAMA Cardiol ; 9(4): 312, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597985
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8304, 2024 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594376

RESUMO

Impaired cardiac function has been described as a frequent complication of COVID-19-related pneumonia. To investigate possible underlying mechanisms, we represented the cardiovascular system by means of a lumped-parameter 0D mathematical model. The model was calibrated using clinical data, recorded in 58 patients hospitalized for COVID-19-related pneumonia, to make it patient-specific and to compute model outputs of clinical interest related to the cardiocirculatory system. We assessed, for each patient with a successful calibration, the statistical reliability of model outputs estimating the uncertainty intervals. Then, we performed a statistical analysis to compare healthy ranges and mean values (over patients) of reliable model outputs to determine which were significantly altered in COVID-19-related pneumonia. Our results showed significant increases in right ventricular systolic pressure, diastolic and mean pulmonary arterial pressure, and capillary wedge pressure. Instead, physical quantities related to the systemic circulation were not significantly altered. Remarkably, statistical analyses made on raw clinical data, without the support of a mathematical model, were unable to detect the effects of COVID-19-related pneumonia in pulmonary circulation, thus suggesting that the use of a calibrated 0D mathematical model to describe the cardiocirculatory system is an effective tool to investigate the impairments of the cardiocirculatory system associated with COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Sistema Cardiovascular , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Circulação Pulmonar , Modelos Teóricos
16.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 13(7): e031484, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38533928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite significant cardiac involvement in sarcoidosis, real-world data on death due to cardiovascular disease among patients with sarcoidosis is not well established. METHODS AND RESULTS: We queried the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Wide-Ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research database for data on patients with sarcoidosis aged ≥25 years from 1999 to 2020. Diseases of the circulatory system except ischemic heart disease were listed as the underlying cause of death, and sarcoidosis was stated as a contributing cause of death. We calculated age-adjusted mortality rate (AAMR) per 1 million individuals and determined the trends over time by estimating the annual percentage change using the Joinpoint Regression Program. Subgroup analyses were performed on the basis of demographic and geographic factors. In the 22-year study period, 3301 cardiovascular deaths with comorbid sarcoidosis were identified. The AAMR from cardiovascular deaths with comorbid sarcoidosis increased from 0.53 (95% CI, 0.43-0.65) per 1 million individuals in 1999 to 0.87 (95% CI, 0.75-0.98) per 1 million individuals in 2020. Overall, women recorded a higher AAMR compared with men (0.77 [95% CI, 0.74-0.81] versus 0.58 [95% CI, 0.55-0.62]). People with Black ancestry had higher AAMR than people with White ancestry (3.23 [95% CI, 3.07-3.39] versus 0.39 [95% CI, 0.37-0.41]). A higher percentage of death was seen in the age groups of 55 to 64 years in men (23.11%) and women (21.81%), respectively. In terms of US census regions, the South region has the highest AAMR from cardiovascular deaths with comorbid sarcoidosis compared with other regions (0.78 [95% CI, 0.74-0.82]). CONCLUSIONS: The increase of AAMR from cardiovascular deaths with comorbid sarcoidosis and higher cardiovascular mortality rates among adults aged 55 to 64 years highlight the importance of early screening for cardiovascular diseases among patients with sarcoidosis.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Sistema Cardiovascular , Isquemia Miocárdica , Sarcoidose , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico , Sarcoidose/epidemiologia
19.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1304686, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38476230

RESUMO

Background: Growing evidence highlights the significant impact of diet to modify low-grade inflammation closely linked to cardiometabolic profile. Multifunctionnal diets, combining several compounds have been shown to beneficially impact metabolic parameters. Objective: This study synthesizes the knowledge on the impact of RCTs combining dietary multifunctional compounds on low-grade inflammation in humans. We investigate whether the effects of dietary multifunctional interventions on inflammatory markers were parallel to alterations of cardiometabolic parameters. Methodology: We considered both the integrated dietary interventions (ID, i.e. global diets such as Mediterranean, Nordic…) and the dietary interventions based on selected bioactive mix (BM) compounds, in healthy individuals and those at cardiometabolic risk. Out of 221 screened publications, we selected 27 studies: 11 for BM (polyphenols and/or omega-3 fatty acids and/or antioxidants and/or dietary fiber) and 16 for ID (Mediterranean, paleo, Nordic, Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet…). Results: ID studies reflected significant improvements in inflammatory markers (CRP, IL-6, IL-10, IL-1b), concomitantly with beneficial changes in metabolic parameters. In BM studies, pronounced effects on low-grade inflammatory markers were observed, while improvements in metabolic parameters were not consistent. Both types of studies suggested a favorable impact on oxidative stress, a factor closely linked to the inflammatory profile. Conclusion: Our findings showed that multifunctional RCT diets have differential role in managing low-grade inflammation and cardiometabolic health, with a large heterogeneity in explored inflammatory markers. Further research is imperative to elucidate the link between low-grade inflammation and other cardiometabolic risk factors, such as intestinal inflammation or postprandial inflammatory dynamics, aiming to attain a comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms involved in these processes. These future investigations not only have the potential to deepen our insights into the connections among these elements but also pave the way for significant advancements in the prevention and management of conditions related to the cardiovascular and metabolic systems.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Sistema Cardiovascular , Abordagens Dietéticas para Conter a Hipertensão , Humanos , Dieta , Inflamação , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle
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