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1.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 343, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and severity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and analyze the relationship between PTSD and breastfeeding attitudes and behaviors among breastfeeding mothers and women with children aged 0-24 months, all of whom had experienced the earthquake. METHODS: In this cross-sectional survey, a face-to-face questionnaire was administered to 173 earthquake survivors in Adiyaman, Turkey, during June and July 2023. The PTSD Checklist-Civilian scale was used to assess the presence of PTSD, while the Breastfeeding Attitudes of the Evaluation Scale (BAES) was employed to evaluate breastfeeding behaviors in mothers. RESULTS: Significantly higher PTSD scores (47.6 ± 17.4) were found among women staying in tents, while lower scores (37.0 ± 16.4) were observed in those who continued breastfeeding. 78.6% of women reported decreased breast milk because of the earthquake. Mothers with reduced milk supply had higher PTSD scores (46.1 ± 17.3). Breastfeeding training was associated with higher BAES scores (106.8 ± 56.8) and lower PTSD scores (32.5 ± 11.0). A significant negative correlation was observed between the PTSD score and BAES (r = -0.742; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated that breastfeeding may protect mothers against PTSD in the aftermath of earthquakes, emphasizing the importance of breastfeeding education. The higher frequency and severity of PTSD observed among earthquake survivor mothers residing in tents underscores the importance of promptly transitioning to permanent housing after the earthquake.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Terremotos , Mães , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Feminino , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Adulto , Turquia/epidemiologia , Mães/psicologia , Lactente , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem , Recém-Nascido , Prevalência
2.
Rev Colomb Psiquiatr (Engl Ed) ; 53(1): 55-62, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724171

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Violence is an important public health problem and one of the main causes of deaths worldwide. The mental health consequences of surviving intimate partner violence (IPV) include depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. Previous studies have identified that there is a relationship between depression and level of disability in female survivors of IPV. Estimating the direct, indirect or total effect of an exposure on an outcome makes it possible to identify mediating effects between a group of variables. Detecting mediation effects is useful for identifying casual pathways that generate a final outcome and provides a rationale for designing interventions to target the mediator, which in turn positively affects the outcome. The objective was to identify the mediating role of depressive symptoms on the relationship between IPV and disability. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 94 women over the age of 18 who were survivors of IPV by men. They were recruited from two public hospitals in Cali and Tuluá in southwest Colombia. An analysis of casual relationships was performed using structural equation modelling that was made up of: four exogenous observed variables (age, current relationship status [in a relationship or single], level of schooling, and history of an impairment), intermediate endogenous variables (violence and depressive symptoms), and the main endogenous variable (disability). The analyses were carried out in Stata14.2. RESULTS: The direct effect of IPV severity on the level of disability was not statistically significant (ß=0.09; P=0.63). However, the indirect effect of IPV severity on disability mediated by depressive symptoms was (ß=0.39; P<0.01). The total effect of IPV severity on the level of disability was even greater (ß=0.48; P=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This study found a complete mediating role of depressive symptoms on the relationship between the severity of IPV and the level of disability for the female participants in this study. The results of this research contribute to defining strategies to prevent and address intimate partner violence, depressive symptoms and disability in this population.


Assuntos
Depressão , Pessoas com Deficiência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Sobreviventes , Humanos , Feminino , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Depressão/epidemiologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição à Violência/psicologia , Exposição à Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
3.
Health Informatics J ; 30(2): 14604582241240680, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739488

RESUMO

Objective: This study examined major themes and sentiments and their trajectories and interactions over time using subcategories of Reddit data. The aim was to facilitate decision-making for psychosocial rehabilitation. Materials and Methods: We utilized natural language processing techniques, including topic modeling and sentiment analysis, on a dataset consisting of more than 38,000 topics, comments, and posts collected from a subreddit dedicated to the experiences of people who tested positive for COVID-19. In this longitudinal exploratory analysis, we studied the dynamics between the most dominant topics and subjects' emotional states over an 18-month period. Results: Our findings highlight the evolution of the textual and sentimental status of major topics discussed by COVID survivors over an extended period of time during the pandemic. We particularly studied pre- and post-vaccination eras as a turning point in the timeline of the pandemic. The results show that not only does the relevance of topics change over time, but the emotions attached to them also vary. Major social events, such as the administration of vaccines or enforcement of nationwide policies, are also reflected through the discussions and inquiries of social media users. In particular, the emotional state (i.e., sentiments and polarity of their feelings) of those who have experienced COVID personally. Discussion: Cumulative societal knowledge regarding the COVID-19 pandemic impacts the patterns with which people discuss their experiences, concerns, and opinions. The subjects' emotional state with respect to different topics was also impacted by extraneous factors and events, such as vaccination. Conclusion: By mining major topics, sentiments, and trajectories demonstrated in COVID-19 survivors' interactions on Reddit, this study contributes to the emerging body of scholarship on COVID-19 survivors' mental health outcomes, providing insights into the design of mental health support and rehabilitation services for COVID-19 survivors.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Sobreviventes , Humanos , COVID-19/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Mineração de Dados/métodos , Pandemias , Processamento de Linguagem Natural , Mídias Sociais/tendências , Estudos Longitudinais
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10533, 2024 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719863

RESUMO

Patients discharged from intensive care are at risk for post-intensive care syndrome (PICS), which consists of physical, psychological, and/or neurological impairments. This study aimed to analyze PICS at 24 months follow-up, to identify potential risk factors for PICS, and to assess health-related quality of life in a long-term cohort of adult cardiac arrest survivors. This prospective cohort study included adult cardiac arrest survivors admitted to the intensive care unit of a Swiss tertiary academic medical center. The primary endpoint was the prevalence of PICS at 24 months follow-up, defined as impairments in physical (measured through the European Quality of Life 5-Dimensions-3-Levels instrument [EQ-5D-3L]), neurological (defined as Cerebral Performance Category Score > 2 or Modified Rankin Score > 3), and psychological (based on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised) domains. Among 107 cardiac arrest survivors that completed the 2-year follow-up, 46 patients (43.0%) had symptoms of PICS, with 41 patients (38.7%) experiencing symptoms in the physical domain, 16 patients (15.4%) in the psychological domain, and 3 patients (2.8%) in the neurological domain. Key predictors for PICS in multivariate analyses were female sex (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 3.17, 95% CI 1.08 to 9.3), duration of no-flow interval during cardiac arrest (minutes) (aOR 1.17, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.33), post-discharge job-loss (aOR 31.25, 95% CI 3.63 to 268.83), need for ongoing psychological support (aOR 3.64, 95% CI 1.29 to 10.29) or psychopharmacologic treatment (aOR 9.49, 95% CI 1.9 to 47.3), and EQ-visual analogue scale (points) (aOR 0.88, 95% CI 0.84 to 0.93). More than one-third of cardiac arrest survivors experience symptoms of PICS 2 years after resuscitation, with the highest impairment observed in the physical and psychological domains. However, long-term survivors of cardiac arrest report intact health-related quality of life when compared to the general population. Future research should focus on appropriate prevention, screening, and treatment strategies for PICS in cardiac arrest patients.


Assuntos
Parada Cardíaca , Qualidade de Vida , Sobreviventes , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Prospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parada Cardíaca/psicologia , Parada Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Idoso , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Fatores de Risco , Adulto , Seguimentos , Cuidados Críticos , Estado Terminal
5.
BMJ Open ; 14(5): e083106, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724057

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationships among caregiver burden, family resilience, and caregiver capacity in the care of stroke survivors. We hypothesised that family resilience would mediate the relationship between caregiver burden and caregiver capacity. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used. SETTING: The study was conducted in a tertiary care setting in Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: The study involved 413 stroke survivors and their primary caregivers. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary caregivers completed the Shortened Chinese Version of the Family Resilience Assessment Scale, Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview and Family Caregiver Task Inventor and provided their sociodemographic information. Stroke survivors were assessed for activities of daily living, and their sociodemographic information was provided. Data were analysed, controlling for sociodemographic variables and focusing on the mediating effect of family resilience. RESULTS: Caregiver burden was influenced by the activities of daily living of stroke survivors, caregiver age and caregiver health status (p<0.05). Higher caregiver burden was associated with lower family resilience (p<0.01). Lower caregiver capacity corresponded to heavier caregiver burden (p<0.01). Family resilience mediated the relationship between caregiver burden and caregiver capacity (b=0.1568; 95% CI: 0.1063 to 0.2385). CONCLUSIONS: Enhancing family resilience can reduce caregiver burden and improve caregiver capacity in stroke care. These findings underscore the importance of developing interventions focused on nursing skills and family resilience.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Sobrecarga do Cuidador , Cuidadores , Resiliência Psicológica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Sobreviventes , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/enfermagem , China , Cuidadores/psicologia , Idoso , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Sobrecarga do Cuidador/psicologia , Adulto , Família/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica
6.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1352, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women living with HIV (WLWH) experience higher rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) compared to women without HIV, but there has been minimal research to date on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the lived experiences of WLWH who are IPV survivors. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of COVID-19 impact using baseline data from an ongoing, prospective, micro-longitudinal cohort study of HIV care engagement among WLWH who have experienced lifetime IPV. We measured the impact of COVID-19 along key domains (i.e., physical health, day-to-day life, sexual/relationship behavior, substance use, HIV care, mental health, financial status, and having conflict with partners). Using independent t-tests or Fisher's exact tests, and Pearson's chi-squared tests, we compared women with and without ongoing IPV across sociodemographic characteristics, psychiatric disorders, substance use, and COVID-19 impact domains. We then built separate multivariate linear regression models for each of the different COVID-19 impact domains; ongoing IPV exposure was the primary explanatory variable of interest. RESULTS: Enrolled participants (n = 84) comprised a group of women (mean age 53.6y; SD = 9.9) who were living with HIV for a mean 23.3 years (SD = 10), all of whom had experienced lifetime IPV. Among 49 women who were currently partnered, 79.6% (n = 39) reported ongoing IPV. There were no statistically significant differences between those experiencing ongoing IPV and those who were not (or not partnered) in terms of demographic characteristics, substance use, or mental health. In multivariate models, ongoing IPV exposure was not associated with any COVID-19 impact domain. Anxiety and depression, however, were associated with COVID-19-related physical health, HIV care, and relationship conflict. Hispanic ethnicity was significantly associated with COVID-19-related physical health. More severe cocaine and opioid use were also significantly associated with COVID-19-related impact on day-to-day life. CONCLUSIONS: Among this sample of WLWH who are all lifetime IPV-survivors, nearly half had ongoing IPV exposure. The COVID-19 public health emergency period affected WLWH in varied ways, but impacts were most profound for women experiencing concurrent mental health and substance use problems. Findings have important implications for future interventions to improve women's health and social outcomes.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por HIV , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Humanos , Feminino , COVID-19/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto , Estudos Longitudinais , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia
7.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0298589, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that psychological interventions have a positive effect on improving physical and psychological problems in colorectal cancer survivors. However, there is still a lack of high-quality evidence reviews that summarize and compare the impact of different psychological interventions. The aim of this study was to synthesize existing psychological interventions and use network meta-analysis to explore whether psychological interventions improve anxiety, depression, fatigue and quality of life in colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors. METHODS: We will extract relevant randomized controlled trials of psychological interventions for CRC survivors from eight electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycInFO, CNKI, and Wanfang database. Two reviewers will independently screen the literature and extract data. The risk of bias of the included studies will be assessed using the RoB2: Revised Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool. We will then conduct paired meta-analyses and network meta-analyses of the extracted data, using a frequency-based framework and random effects models. DISCUSSION: To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first proposed qualitative and quantitative integration of existing evidence using systematic evaluation and network meta-analysis. This study will inform health policy makers, healthcare providers' clinical intervention choices and guideline revisions, and will help to reduce depression and anxiety in CRC survivors, reduce fatigue, improve quality of life.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Intervenção Psicossocial , Depressão/terapia , Ansiedade/terapia , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Fadiga/terapia , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
8.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; 18: e54, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561982

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Natural disasters such as earthquakes can have a significant impact on cancer treatment and care. The objective of the study was to evaluate the psychological effect of the earthquake on survivor cancer patients compared to regular cancer patients. METHODS: Cancer patients who were evacuated from earthquake sites and referred for the continuation of their treatment, as well as regular resident patients were included in the study. The resident cancer patients were compared with the study population as a control group. DASS-21 forms were filled based on patients' declarations. RESULTS: Forty-six patients were earthquake survivors and 55 were resident cancer patients. Stress scores were significantly higher in earthquake survivors (P = 0.021). In contrast, there was no difference in stratified groups due to DASS-21 categorization in stress scores while depression and anxiety subgroups had significant differences (P = 0.012; P < 0.001). Also, women significantly had a worse outcome in the depression and anxiety categories (P = 0.028; P = 0.021) while no difference was observed in men. CONCLUSION: Recent earthquakes in Turkey had psychological negative effects on oncology patients. The increased stress, depression, and anxiety levels were observed in earthquake survivors who were evacuated from the disaster zone and compared to the control group.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Neoplasias , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Neoplasias/complicações
9.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 937, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 occurred in Pazarcik District of Turkey at 04.17 on February 6, 2023 and another earthquake of 7.6 occurred at 13.24 on the same day. This is the second largest earthquake to have occurred in Turkey. The aim of this study is to investigate the earthquake-related level of knowledge, attitudes and behaviours, general health and psychological status of survivors who were affected by the 2023 Kahramanmaras Earthquake and who were living in Nurdagi District of Gaziantep after the earthquake. METHODS: Data of 2317 individuals older than 18 years of age who were living in earthquake neighbourhoods, tents and containers in Nurdagi District of Gaziantep were examined. Variables were evaluated to find out the demographic characteristics and general health status of earthquake victims. General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) was used to find out psychological states of earthquake victims. RESULTS: The rate of injuries was 14.2% and leg and foot injuries were the most common with 44.2%. The relationship between injury status; and age, marital status, and being trapped under debris was revealed (p < 0.05). Mean GHQ-12 score of the survivors was 3.81 ± 2.81 and 51.9% experienced psychological distress. In the evaluation with logistic regression, it was found that female gender, being injured in the earthquake, loss of first degree and second degree relatives (with a higher rate in loss of first degree relative), having a severely damaged -to be demolished house and having a completely destroyed house were correlated with higher level of psychological distress (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: General characteristics, injury prevalence and affecting factors of earthquake survivors were evaluated in the present study. Psychological distress was found in victims. For this reason, providing protective and assistive services to fight the destructive effects of earthquake is vital. Accordingly, increasing the awareness of people residing in earthquake zones regarding earthquakes is exceptionally important.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Humanos , Feminino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Nível de Saúde , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
10.
Brain Impair ; 252024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566288

RESUMO

Background Stroke survivors' self-ratings of functional abilities are often inconsistent with ratings assigned by others (e.g. clinicians), a phenomenon referred to as 'impaired self-awareness' (ISA). There is limited knowledge of the biopsychosocial contributors and consequences of post-stroke ISA measured across the rehabilitation journey. This multi-site cohort study explored biopsychosocial correlates of ISA during subacute rehabilitation (inpatient) and at 4 months post-discharge (community-dwelling). Methods Forty-five subacute stroke survivors participated (Age M (s.d.) = 71.5 (15.6), 56% female), and 38 were successfully followed-up. Self-assessments were compared to those of an independent rater (occupational therapist, close other) to calculate ISA at both time points. Survivors and raters completed additional cognitive, psychological and functional measures. Results Multivariate regression (multiple outcomes) identified associations between ISA during inpatient admission and poorer outcomes at follow-up, including poorer functional cognition, participation restriction, caregiver burden, and close other depression and anxiety. Regression models applied cross-sectionally, including one intended for correlated predictors, indicated associations between ISA during inpatient admission and younger age, male sex, poorer functional cognition, poorer rehabilitation engagement and less frequent use of non-productive coping (adjusted R 2 = 0.60). ISA at community follow-up was associated with poorer functional cognition and close other anxiety (adjusted R 2 = 0.66). Conclusions Associations between ISA and poorer outcomes across the rehabilitation journey highlight the clinical importance of ISA and the value of assessment and management approaches that consider the potential influence of numerous biological and psychosocial factors on ISA. Future studies should use larger sample sizes to confirm these results and determine the causal mechanisms of these relationships.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Convalescente , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos de Coortes , Alta do Paciente , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia
12.
Int J Rehabil Res ; 47(2): 129-134, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587088

RESUMO

This study aimed to translate and validate the traditional Chinese version of the Community Integration Questionnaire-Revised (TC-CIQ-R) in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We included participants aged ≥20 years and diagnosed as having TBI for ≥6 months from neurosurgical clinics. The 18-item TC-CIQ-R, Participation Measure - 3 Domains, 4 Dimensions (PM-3D4D), Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOSE), and Taiwanese Quality of Life After Brain Injury (TQOLIBRI) were completed. The sample included 180 TBI survivors (54% male, mean age 47 years) of whom 87% sustained a mild TBI. Exploratory factor analysis extracted four factors - home integration, social integration, productivity, and electronic social networking - which explained 63.03% of the variation, after discarding the tenth item with a factor loading of 0.25. For criterion-related validity, the TC-CIQ-R was significantly correlated with the PM-3D4D; convergent validity was exhibited by demonstrating the associations between the TC-CIQ-R and TQOLIBRI. Known-group validity testing revealed significant differences in the subdomain and total scores of the TC-CIQ-R between participants with a mean GOSE score of ≤6 and >7 (all P  < 0.001). The TC-CIQ-R exhibited acceptable Cronbach's α values (0.68-0.88). We suggest the 17-item TC-CIQ-R as a valid tool for rehabilitation professionals, useful for both clinical practice and research in assessing community integration levels following TBI.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Integração Comunitária , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/reabilitação , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise Fatorial , Taiwan , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Escala de Resultado de Glasgow , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Traduções , Integração Social , Idoso
13.
Child Abuse Negl ; 152: 106805, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38642514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study examined psychosocial outcomes for Filipino survivors of online sexual abuse and exploitation of children (OSAEC). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify relationships between demographic variables, self-reported and caregiver-reported trauma symptoms, and psychosocial functioning among Filipino youth who have experienced OSAEC. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: This study utilized inclusion criteria of survivors of OSAEC between ages 12 and 18 who received residential care and were reintegrated into the community for at least one year (N = 48). Participants were in care at shelters associated with Project PAVE in the Philippines. METHODS: As measured by three assessment tools, relationships between demographic variables and psychosocial functioning were explored for risk and protective factors of trauma symptoms and psychosocial functioning to better understand this population's needs post-integration. RESULTS: Results suggest survivors continue to experience psychosocial symptoms after reintegration. Caregivers reported survivors reintegrated outside the home had significantly higher externalizing symptoms (MR = 6.67; H(3) = 14.85, p = .002, η2 = 0.27) compared to survivors reintegrated within the home and survivors who trafficked themselves to have higher internalizing symptoms (MR = 16.79; H(3) = 11.80; p = .008, η2 = 0.20) than survivors trafficked by a relative. Caregivers reported survivors who resided in the shelter for one month or less to have higher internalizing symptoms (MR = 20.12; H(2) = 11.06; p = .004; η2 = 0.20) than survivors who resided in the shelter for six months or longer. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the importance of further research to better understand the needs of this vulnerable population in order to guide the most effective intervention, aftercare, and reintegration programs to support survivors and their caregivers.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Humanos , Filipinas , Feminino , Masculino , Adolescente , Criança , Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Internet , Funcionamento Psicossocial
15.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 246: 104293, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38670044

RESUMO

This analysis examines the relationship between exposure to American wartime bombardments earlier in life and later-life PTSD among current surviving Vietnamese aged 59+. It also assesses whether the relationship varies by military status during the war - formal military, informal military, or civilian - and whether associations are explained by exposure to violence and malevolent conditions. Data link survey responses from the 2018 Vietnam Health and Aging Study to provincial-wide level bombing intensity using U.S. Department of Defense records from the Theater History of Operations Vietnam database. PTSD measured using nine items from the PTSD Checklist. Analyses employ multivariate logistic quantile regression. Findings examined for a sample of 2290 Vietnamese survivors and a subsample of 736 Vietnamese that moved at least once during wartime. Results show a robust and significant positive association between province-wide bombing intensity and later-life PTSD scores. Interaction effects indicate civilians have overall lower levels of PTSD than those that were in the formal or informal military, but the association between bombing and PTSD is stronger among civilians. Much of the association is a function of exposure to violence and less is a function of exposure to malevolent conditions. Findings confirm earlier studies that have shown severe deleterious impacts of war trauma, and arial bombardments particularly, on long-term psychological health, while extending extant literature to civilian populations living in Vietnam during intense aerial bombing episodes.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Masculino , Vietnã/epidemiologia , Feminino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veteranos/estatística & dados numéricos , Veteranos/psicologia , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Guerra do Vietnã , Bombas (Dispositivos Explosivos) , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Exposição à Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , População do Sudeste Asiático
16.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(5): 298, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38639810

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality are increasing among young adults (YAs) aged 18-39. This study compared quality of life (QOL) between YA and older adult CRC survivors in the ColoCare Study. METHODS: Participants were grouped by age (years) as follows: 18-39 (YA), 40-49, 50-64, and 65 + . Functional QOL (physical, social, role, emotional, cognitive) and global QOL were assessed with the EORTC-QLQ-C30 at enrollment, 3, 6, and 12 months. Average scores were compared between groups over time using longitudinal mixed-effect modeling. Proportions with clinically meaningful QOL impairment were calculated using age-relevant thresholds and compared between groups over time using logistic regression with mixed effects. RESULTS: Participants (N = 1590) were n = 81 YAs, n = 196 aged 40-49, n = 627 aged 50-64, and n = 686 aged 65 + . Average physical function was better among YAs than participants aged 50-64 (p = 0.010) and 65 + (p < 0.001), and average social function was worse among YAs than aged 65 + (p = 0.046). Relative to YAs, all age groups were less likely to report clinically meaningful social dysfunction (aged 40-49 OR = 0.13, 95%CI = 0.06-0.29; aged 50-64 OR = 0.10, 95%CI = 0.05-0.21; aged 65 + OR = 0.07, 95%CI = 0.04-0.15) and role dysfunction (aged 40-49 OR = 0.36, 95%CI = 0.18-0.75; aged 50-64 OR = 0.41, 95%CI = 0.22-0.78; aged 65 + OR = 0.32, 95%CI = 0.17-0.61). Participants aged 40-49 were also less likely to report physical dysfunction (OR = 0.42, 95%CI = 0.19-0.93). CONCLUSION: YA CRC survivors reported better physical and worse social function compared to older CRC survivors, and YA CRC survivors were more likely to report clinically meaningful social, role, and physical disfunction. Future work should further investigate QOL using age-relevant benchmarks to inform best practices for CRC survivorship care. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02328677, registered December 2014.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias Colorretais , Idoso , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Neoplasias Colorretais/psicologia , Emoções , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 258, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38658963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Violence against women (VAW) is a significant public health problem. With the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, the frequency and severity of VAW has escalated globally. Approximately one in four women in Nepal have been exposed to either physical, psychological, and/or sexual violence in their lifetime, with husbands or male partners being the perpetrators in most cases. VAW prevention has been under-researched in low- and middle-income countries, including Nepal. This study aims to explore the perspectives of local stakeholders, including healthcare providers and survivors of violence in Madhesh Province. The overarching goal is to provide insights for designing prevention and support programs that are acceptable to communities and cater to the needs of survivors. METHODS: An explorative qualitative study was conducted in Madhesh Province, southern Nepal. A total of 21 interviews, including 15 in-depth interviews (IDIs) with health care providers, three IDIs with women seeking general or maternal and child health services at health care centres, three key informant interviews with the local stakeholders working in the field of VAW, and one focus group discussion with violence survivors, were conducted in Nepali by trained field interviewers. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, translated into English, and analysed using content analysis. RESULTS: VAW, particularly physical violence, was a common experience in the study area. Sociocultural traditions such as dowry, child marriages and son preference were identifiable triggers for VAW, causing significant physical injuries and mental health problems, including suicide. Health care providers reported that violence survivors often hide their experiences of violence and do not seek any kind of help. Women feared that violence would increase in frequency and intensity if their perpetrators found out that they had disclosed their experiences of violence to health care providers. Local stakeholders emphasized the importance of engaging community leaders and garnering support from both women and men in interventions designed to reduce VAW and its impacts on mental health. CONCLUSIONS: Participants reported that verbal and physical violence is often perceived as a normal part of women's lives. Women should be made aware of available support services and empowered and supported to increase access and uptake of these services. Additionally, more individual-based counselling sessions that encourage women to escape violence and its mental health consequences while maintaining privacy and confidentiality are recommended.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Nepal , Feminino , Adulto , Saúde Mental , Masculino , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , COVID-19/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem , Grupos Focais
18.
Soc Sci Med ; 348: 116837, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579628

RESUMO

Thirty years after the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda, children of survivors are being increasingly documented to be at higher risk compared to their peers for adverse mental health outcomes. However, no studies in Rwanda have empirically explored family psychosocial factors underlying this intergenerational transmission of trauma. We investigated family psychosocial factors that could underlie this transmission in 251 adult Rwandan children of survivors (mean age = 23.31, SD = 2.40; 50.2% female) who completed a cross-sectional online survey. For participants with survivor mothers (n = 187), we found that both offspring-reported maternal trauma exposure and maternal PTSD were indirectly associated with children's PTSD via maternal trauma communication (specifically, nonverbal and guilt-inducing communication), and that maternal PTSD was indirectly associated with children's PTSD, anxiety, and depression symptoms through family communication styles. For participants with survivor fathers (n = 170), we found that paternal PTSD symptoms were indirectly associated with children's anxiety and depression symptoms via paternal parenting styles (specifically, abusive and indifferent parenting). Although replication is needed in longitudinal research with parent-child dyads, these results reaffirm the importance of looking at mass trauma in a family context and suggest that intergenerational trauma interventions should focus on addressing family communication, trauma communication, and parenting.


Assuntos
Filhos Adultos , Genocídio , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Sobreviventes , Humanos , Ruanda/epidemiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Genocídio/psicologia , Adulto , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Filhos Adultos/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , Relação entre Gerações , Inquéritos e Questionários , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia
19.
Psychiatry Res ; 336: 115891, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615520

RESUMO

Stroke, a critical health issue in the US, not only has physical repercussions but also potentially affects the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) through neuropsychiatric outcomes like depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts. This study utilized a nationally representative sample of 1302 US stroke survivors (age ≥ 20) from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2018) to assessed relationships between QoL via the CDC HRQOL-4 and evaluated depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Participants (mean age: 64.4; 56.0 % female) showed that 40.7 % had at least mild depressive symptoms, and 18.8 % exhibited major depressive symptoms. Suicidal ideation was reported by 8.1 %. After sociodemographic and health condition adjustments, mild and major depressive symptoms, along with suicidal ideation, were associated with poorer general health status and more physically and mentally unhealthy days and activity limitation days. A dose-response relationship between PHQ-9 scores and HRQoL outcomes was evident (All P for trend <0.001). Stroke survivors with suicidal ideation also experienced more physically and mentally unhealthy days and activity limitation days. Depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation are associated with reduced HRQoL among US stroke survivors, underscoring the importance of thorough neuropsychiatric evaluations and interventions to bolster stroke survivors' well-being.


Assuntos
Depressão , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Qualidade de Vida , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Ideação Suicida , Sobreviventes , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Idoso , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38673294

RESUMO

(1) Background: Climate change is increasing the already frequent diverse extreme weather events (EWE) across geographic locations, directly and indirectly impacting human health. However, current ongoing research fails to address the magnitude of these indirect impacts, including healthcare access. Vulnerable populations such as persons with spinal cord injury (pSCI) face added physiologic burden such as thermoregulation or mobility challenges like closure of public transportation. Our exploratory research assessed commute and transport to healthcare facilities as well as the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors (KAB) of pSCI regarding EWE and climate change when compared to pSCI caregivers (CG) and the general public (GP). (2) Methods: A KAB survey was employed to conduct a cross-sectional assessment of pSCI, CG, and GP in Miami from October through November 2019 using snowball sampling. Descriptive and logistic regression statistical analyses were used. (3) Results: Of 65 eligible survey respondents, 27 (41.5%) were pSCI, 11 (17%) CG, and 27 (41.5%) GP. Overall, pSCI reported EWE, particularly flooding and heavy rain, affecting their daily activities including healthcare appointments, more frequently than CG or GP. The overall models for logistic regression looking at commute to and attendance of healthcare appointments were statistically significant. pSCI self-report being less vulnerable than others, and a large proportion of each group was not fully convinced climate change is happening. (4) Conclusions: This study provided insight to the KAB of 3 population subgroups in Miami, Florida. pSCI are significantly more vulnerable to the effects of regional weather events yet exhibit disproportionate self-perception of their vulnerability. Continued and more comprehensive research is needed to characterize the barriers that vulnerable populations face during weather events.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Mudança Climática , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Florida , Humanos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Transversais , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidadores/psicologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo (Meteorologia) , Adulto Jovem , Idoso , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
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