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1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 37(suppl.1): 69-69, abr. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Português | CONASS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1538239

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: O transplante cardíaco (Tx) é a opção terapêutica de escolha para o tratamento da insuficiência cardíaca grave apesar do tratamento clínico otimizado. Está associado à sobrevida média de 12 anos. Complicações precoces como falência do enxerto, infecções oportunísticas e rejeição aguda; e tardias como doença vascular do enxerto e neoplasias limitam a sobrevida a longo prazo. Descrevemos caso de paciente (P) que sobrevive há 30 anos e 6 meses após tx cardíaco. MÉTODO: estudo retrospectivo e observacional RELATO DE CASO: masculino, 66 anos de idade, branco, com antecedentes de doença reumática, com duas trocas valvares mitral e aórtica em 1972 e 1981. Evoluiu com disfunção ventricular grave e Insuficiência Cardíaca CF III/IV refratária à terapêutica otimizada e função renal normal.Em 1992, aos 34 anos, submetido a TX cardíaco ortotópico biatrial doador masculino de maior peso corporal. Apresentou como única complicação no pós operatório precoce quadro psicótico relacionado a corticoesteróides. Foi medicado com ciclosporina e dose baixa de azatioprina. Não apresentou quadro de rejeição aguda nem infecção oportunista. Nos primeiros 20 anos de TX, não teve qualquer complicação e função renal normal. Em 2012, evidenciou-se aneurisma de aorta ascendente de 52mm, além do nível de sutura da aorta. Optado por observação clínica. Apesar de átrios muito aumentados, (AE de 71MM e vol index de 96ml/m2) não foi registrado nenhum episódio de arritmia atrial e a função biventricular permaneceu normal durante toda evolução. A partir de 2012 foi evidenciada proteinúria de em torno de 183mg/dl até 916mg/dl em amostra isolada. Em 2021 apresentou pré-síncope e foi evidenciado insuficiência tricúspide importante. Vem evoluindo com Insuficiência cardíaca direita e piora da função renal. Realizou implante de tricvalve e evoluiu sem melhora. COMENTÁRIOS E CONCLUSÕES: Sobrevida a longo prazo com boa qualidade de vida é possível após o transplante cardíaco ortotópico. Neste paciente, não ocorreram nem as clássicas complicações precoces nem tardias. A grande dilatação atrial pela técnica biatrial não foi correlacionada à ocorrência de arritmias atriais mas sim à dilatação anular tricúspide e ocorrência de Insuficiência tricúspide tardia que limita atualmente a qualidade de vida do paciente.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante de Coração , Insuficiência Cardíaca
2.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 473, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The late presentation and diagnosis of OSCC account for the large number of patients with the advanced form of the disease. In Sudan, cases with delayed presentation, particularly those with risk factors such as Toombak dipping and alcohol consumption, frequently present with extensive lesions and a wide area of Field cancerization which characterized by the presence of genetic and epigenetic changes in histologically normal-appearing tissues, and have increased risk for recurrent and second primary tumors. This necessitates more aggressive treatment and is usually associated with poorer outcomes. The present study aims to investigate the survival of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients with a wide field of cancerization. METHODS: This prospective longitudinal study includes ninety-three oral cancer patients with extensive fields of cancerization who underwent surgical treatment at Khartoum Teaching Dental Hospital (KTDH) conducted from 2019 to 2023. These patients were regularly assessed for clinical changes such as recurrence, the development of second primary tumours, and overall survival over a period of one year. RESULTS: Out of the 93 patients, 57 (61.3%) were males, and 36 (38.7%) were females. The majority of the patients (82%) had stage IV tumours, and 62.3% had nodal metastasis. Twenty-eight (30%) patients developed recurrences, and 14 (15%) developed second primary tumours. The overall one-year survival rate was 89%, and all deceased patients passed away within 12 months. The survival rate for patients with different types of recurrences varied, with patients who had regional, local, and locoregional recurrences having survival rates of 87%, 74%, and 72%, respectively. Patients who did not experience a recurrence had a one-year survival rate of 92%. Patients who developed second primary tumours had an 86% survival rate. The survival rates for OSCC patients at stages III, IVa, and IVb were 90%, 90%, and 71%, respectively. CONCLUSION: In this study, 62% of patients had nodal metastasis, 30% developed recurrence, and 15% developed second primary tumours. The overall one-year survival rate was 89%, although the development of recurrences and second primary tumours had a negative impact on the survival rate.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Taxa de Sobrevida
3.
World J Surg Oncol ; 22(1): 99, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal peritoneal metastases (CRPM) are present in 10-20% of patients at the time of their initial cancer diagnosis, and affects over 20% of those who develop colorectal cancer recurrence. Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with HIPEC is firmly established as the optimal surgical treatment, but there is very little known about the benefit of repeat or iterative CRS. The aim of this review is to provide a systematic evaluation of the perioperative complications, survival outcomes and quality of life in patients undergoing repeat CRS with HIPEC for CRPM. METHODS: A systematic review of PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus and Cochrane databases was performed to identify all studies that reported outcomes for repeat CRS with or without HIPEC for CRPM. RESULTS: Four hundred and ninety-three manuscripts were screened, and 15 retrospective studies were suitable for inclusion. Sample sizes ranged from 2 to 30 participants and comprised a total of 229 patients. HIPEC was used in all studies, but exact rates were not consistently stated. Perioperative morbidity was reported in four studies, between 16.7% and 37.5%. Nine studies reported mortality rate which was consistently 0%. The median overall survival after repeat CRS ranged from 20 to 62.6 months. No studies provided quality of life metrics. CONCLUSION: Repeat CRS for CRPM has perioperative morbidity and mortality rates comparable to initial CRS, and offers a potential survival benefit in selected patients. There is however limited high-quality data in the literature.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias Peritoneais , Humanos , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Estudos Retrospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Taxa de Sobrevida , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica
4.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3042, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589358

RESUMO

The development of an effective survival prediction tool is key for reducing colorectal cancer mortality. Here, we apply a three-stage study to devise a polygenic prognostic score (PPS) for stratifying colorectal cancer overall survival. Leveraging two cohorts of 3703 patients, we first perform a genome-wide survival association analysis to develop eight candidate PPSs. Further using an independent cohort with 470 patients, we identify the 287 variants-derived PPS (i.e., PPS287) achieving an optimal prediction performance [hazard ratio (HR) per SD = 1.99, P = 1.76 × 10-8], accompanied by additional tests in two external cohorts, with HRs per SD of 1.90 (P = 3.21 × 10-14; 543 patients) and 1.80 (P = 1.11 × 10-9; 713 patients). Notably, the detrimental impact of pathologic characteristics and genetic risk could be attenuated by a healthy lifestyle, yielding a 7.62% improvement in the 5-year overall survival rate. Therefore, our findings demonstrate the integrated contribution of pathologic characteristics, germline variants, and lifestyle exposure to the prognosis of colorectal cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Risco , Estilo de Vida
5.
Acta Oncol ; 63: 179-191, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the early 2000s, overall and site-specific cancer survival have improved substantially in the Nordic countries. We evaluated whether the improvements have been similar across countries, major cancer types, and age groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using population-based data from the five Nordic cancer registries recorded in the NORDCAN database, we included a cohort of 1,525,854 men and 1,378,470 women diagnosed with cancer (except non-melanoma skin cancer) during 2002-2021, and followed for death until 2021. We estimated 5-year relative survival (RS) in 5-year calendar periods, and percentage points (pp) differences in 5-year RS from 2002-2006 until 2017-2021. Separate analyses were performed for eight cancer sites (i.e. colorectum, pancreas, lung, breast, cervix uteri, kidney, prostate, and melanoma of skin). RESULTS: Five-year RS improved across nearly all cancer sites in all countries (except Iceland), with absolute differences across age groups ranging from 1 to 21 pp (all cancer sites), 2 to 20 pp (colorectum), -1 to 36 pp (pancreas), 2 to 28 pp (lung), 0 to 9 pp (breast), -11 to 26 pp (cervix uteri), 2 to 44 pp (kidney), -2 to 23 pp (prostate) and -3 to 30 pp (skin melanoma). The oldest patients (80-89 years) exhibited lower survival across all countries and sites, although with varying improvements over time. INTERPRETATION: Nordic cancer patients have generally experienced substantial improvements in cancer survival during the last two decades, including major cancer sites and age groups. Although survival has improved over time, older patients remain at a lower cancer survival compared to younger patients.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Neoplasias , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Melanoma/epidemiologia , Melanoma/terapia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Risco , Seguimentos , Países Escandinavos e Nórdicos/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Sistema de Registros , Análise de Sobrevida , Incidência
6.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 409(1): 113, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589714

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Peritoneal surface malignancies (PSM) are commonly known to have a dismal prognosis. Over the past decades, novel techniques such as cytoreductive surgery (CRS), hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), and pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC) have been introduced for the treatment of PSM which could improve the overall survival and quality of life of patients with PSM. The decision to proceed with CRS and HIPEC is often challenging due the complexity of the disease, the extent of the procedure, associated side effects, and potential risks. Here, we present our experience with CRS and HIPEC to add to the ongoing discussion about eligibility criteria, technical approach, and expected outcomes and contribute to the evolution of this powerful and promising tool in the multidisciplinary treatment of patients with primary and secondary PSM. METHODS: A single-center retrospective chart review was conducted and included a total of 40 patients treated with CRS and HIPEC from April 2020 to September 2022 at the University Hospital Münster Department of Surgery. All patients had histologically confirmed primary or secondary peritoneal malignancies of various primary origins. RESULTS: Our study included 22 patients with peritoneal metastases from gastric cancer (55%), 8 with pseudomyxoma peritonei (20%), 4 with mesothelioma of the peritoneum (10%), and 6 patients with PSM originating from other primary tumor locations. Median PCI at time of cytoreduction was 4 (0-25). Completeness of cytoreduction score was 0 in 37 patients (92.5%), 1 in two patients (5%), and 2 in one patient (2.5%). Median overall survival across all patients was 3.69 years. CONCLUSION: Complete cytoreduction during CRS and HIPEC can be achieved for patients with low PCI, for patients with high PCI in low-grade malignancies, and even for patients with initially high PCI in high-grade malignancies following a significant reduction of cancer burden due to extensive preoperative treatment with PIPAC and systemic chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Neoplasias Peritoneais , Humanos , Neoplasias Peritoneais/patologia , Peritônio , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Qualidade de Vida , Terapia Combinada , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Acta Oncol ; 63: 146-153, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591350

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the Nordic countries, universal healthcare access has been effective in reducing socioeconomic disparities in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) management. However, other factors, such as proximity to healthcare facilities, may still affect access to care. This study aimed at investigating the influence of residential area on NSCLC survival. METHODS: This population-based study utilized hospital records to identify NSCLC patients who underwent their initial treatment at Vaasa Central Hospital between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2020. Patients were categorized based on their postal codes into urban areas (≤50 km from the hospital) and rural areas (>50 km from the hospital). Survival rates between these two groups were compared using Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 321 patients were included in the study. Patients residing in rural areas (n = 104) exhibited poorer 12-month survival rates compared to their urban counterparts (n = 217) (unadjusted Hazard Ratio [HR]: 1.38; 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.01-1.89; p = 0.042). After adjusting for factors such as performance status, frailty, and stage at diagnosis in a multivariate Cox regression model, the adjusted HR increased to 1.47 (95% CI: 1.07-2.01; p = 0.017) for patients living in rural areas compared to those in urban areas. INTERPRETATION: The study findings indicate that the distance to the hospital is associated with increased lung cancer mortality. This suggests that geographical proximity may play a crucial role in the disparities observed in NSCLC survival rates. Addressing these disparities should involve strategies aimed at improving healthcare accessibility, particularly for patients residing in rural areas, to enhance NSCLC outcomes and reduce mortality.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Pulmão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8078, 2024 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580761

RESUMO

Right ventricular failure (RVF) after cardiac surgery is associated with an in-hospital mortality rate of up to 75%. Microaxial flow pumps are one of the mechanical circulatory supports (MCS) options available for the treatment of RVF, however the specifics of timing and indication for MCS, as well as predictors for survival, remain unclear due to a dearth of published data. We evaluated the clinical outcome of patients treated with Impella-RP for predictors of mortality and the hemodynamic effects of the pump. This is a single-center retrospective observational study involving adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass between January 2019 and December 2020 in cardiac surgery and required therapeutic management of RVF with an Impella-RP. Overall, 18 patients were included and analyzed for factors that could be associated with mortality, or that could be predictors of patient outcomes for this population. Treatment of RVF with Impella-RP improved the patient hemodynamics significantly and had a survival rate of 61% within 30 days. Patients with isolated CABG or better liver function before implantation had a better survival rate, which may indicate that underlying disease and timing of implantation are significant for successful treatment of RVF.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 28(4): 425-433, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583892

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze the clinical effect of simultaneous resection of liver metastases combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) on synchronous colorectal cancer liver metastasis. METHODS: A total of 144 patients with synchronous colorectal cancer liver metastasis who were admitted to our hospital between January 2018 and January 2019 were randomly assigned into a control group and an intervention group. The patients in the control group received simultaneous resection of liver metastases. The patients in the intervention group obtained simultaneous resection of liver metastases combined with HIPEC. The recent total effective rate of the 2 groups was compared, and the disease control rate of the 2 groups was calculated at 3 months after treatment. The patients were followed up for 3 years. The survival time of the 2 groups was observed and compared. Fasting venous blood was collected from patients in the 2 groups, and the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level was compared. The level of quality of life scale (Short Form 36-item Health Survey) and the occurrence of adverse reactions were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: The R0 complete resection rate in the intervention group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < .05). The recent total effective rate in the intervention group (87.50%) was significantly higher than that in the control group (59.72%) (P < .05). The negative change of CEA in the intervention group was 72.22%, which was prominently higher than that in the control group of 43.06% (χ2 = 12.542, P < .001). After a 36-month follow-up, the overall survival rate of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (hazard ratio, 2.54; 95% CI, 1.05-5.48; P < .001). The patients in the intervention group had significantly higher life quality scores of health status, social function, emotional function, physical function, and mental health than in the control group (P < .05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the 2 groups (P > .05). Age > 60 years, preoperative comorbidities, moderate and high differentiation of tumors, intraoperative blood loss > 150 mL, and less experienced surgeons were risk factors affecting the occurrence of complications after treatment and were closely correlated with the prognosis and survival of patients (P < .05). Patients with age ≤ 60 years, no preoperative comorbidities, low tumor differentiation, intraoperative blood loss ≤ 150 mL, more experienced surgeons, and complete R0 resection had a longer survival time. Age > 60 years, preoperative comorbidities, moderate and high differentiation of tumors, intraoperative blood loss > 150 mL, and less experienced surgeons were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases (P < .05), whereas R0 surgery was an independent protective factor for the prognosis (P < .05). CONCLUSION: In the treatment of synchronous colorectal cancer liver metastases, simultaneous resection of liver metastases in conjunction with HIPEC demonstrated superior efficacy. This approach may potentially extend patient survival and enhance quality of life and deserve to be extensively used in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia Combinada , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico
10.
Pediatr Transplant ; 28(3): e14736, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602219

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is associated with increased mortality and morbidity in patients with biliary atresia (BA). Data on impact of ACLF on postoperative outcomes, however, are sparse. METHOD: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with BA aged <18 years who underwent LT between 2011 and 2021 at our institution. ACLF was defined using the pediatric ACLF criteria: ≥1 extra-hepatic organ failure in children with decompensated cirrhosis. RESULTS: Of 107 patients (65% female; median age 14 [9-31] months) who received a LT, 13 (12%) had ACLF during the index admission prior to LT. Two (15%) had Grade 1; 4 (30%) had Grade 2; and 7 (55%) had Grade ≥3 ACLF. ACLF cohort was younger at time of listing (5 [4-8] vs. 9 [6-24] months; p < .001) and at LT (8 [8-11] vs. 16 [10-40] months, p < .001) compared to no-ACLF group. Intraoperatively, ACLF patients had higher blood loss (40 [20-53] vs. 10 [6-19] mL/kg; p < .001) and blood transfusion requirements (33 [21-69] vs. 18 [7-25] mL/kg; p = .004). Postoperatively, they needed higher vasopressor support (31% vs. 10.6%; p = .04) and had higher total hospital length of stay (106 [45-151] vs. 13 [7-30] days; p = .023). Rate of return to the operating room, hospital readmission rates, and 1-year post-LT survival rates were comparable between the groups. CONCLUSION: Despite higher perioperative complications, survival outcomes for ACLF in BA after LT are favorable and comparable to those without ACLF. These encouraging data reiterate prioritization during organ allocation of these critically ill children for LT.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Atresia Biliar , Transplante de Fígado , Lactente , Humanos , Criança , Feminino , Adolescente , Masculino , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/complicações , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Atresia Biliar/complicações , Atresia Biliar/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/cirurgia , Prognóstico
11.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(4): 262, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615026

RESUMO

Gliomas are among the most fatal tumors, and the available therapeutic options are very limited. Additionally, the blood-brain barrier (BBB) prevents most drugs from entering the brain. We designed and produced a ferritin-based stimuli-sensitive nanocarrier with high biocompatibility and water solubility. It can incorporate high amounts of the potent topoisomerase 1 inhibitor Genz-644282. Here, we show that this nanocarrier, named The-0504, can cross the BBB and specifically deliver the payload to gliomas that express high amounts of the ferritin/transferrin receptor TfR1 (CD71). Intranasal or intravenous administration of The-0504 both reduce tumor growth and improve the survival rate of glioma-bearing mice. However, nose-to-brain administration is a simpler and less invasive route that may spare most of the healthy tissues compared to intravenous injections. For this reason, the data reported here could pave the way towards a new, safe, and direct ferritin-based drug delivery method for brain diseases, especially brain tumors.


Assuntos
Ferritinas , Glioma , Animais , Camundongos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Encéfalo , Barreira Hematoencefálica
12.
Ann Saudi Med ; 44(2): 93-103, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615184

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma (MM) represents the second most common hematologic malignancy (15%). Induction with bortezomib, cyclophosphamide, and dexamthasone VCd (d: low dose dexamthasone) regimen is widely used due to its high effectiveness, low toxicity and good tolerability, particularly with renal impairment. Real-world data on the use of VCD in clinical practice is lacking. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the real-world experience of the VCD regimen. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Tumor registry database of tertiary cancer care center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: newly diagnosed MM patients who received VCD induction and underwent autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) from July 2007 to July 2020. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: response evaluation, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). SAMPLE SIZE: 87 patients. RESULTS: Of 102 patients who started induction with VCd, 87 patients experienced a partial response or more overall response rate of 85%). The median age of these 87 patients at diagnosis was 52 years, of which 29.9% presented with renal impairment and 60.3% of patients had stage 2 by the Revised International Staging System (R-ISS). Patients with a standard cytogenetic risk achieved a better response compared to those with a poor cytogenetic risk (P=.044). The post-induction response rates were 6.9% stringent complete remission (sCR), 35% complete remission (CR); 41.4% very good partial response (VGPR), and 16.1% partial response (PR), respectively; the response rates became greater for sCR and CR post-transplantation at day 100 with 16.1% sCR, 35.6% CR, 32.2% VGPR and 16.1% PR, respectively. The median PFS was 49 months and 5 years OS was 84%. PFS was better in patients who achieved sCR vs PR (83 vs 35 months, P=.037). High LDH, high-risk cytogenetic and stage 3 R-ISS showed a worse median PFS and OS. CONCLUSIONS: VCD induction in newly diagnosed MM is highly effective, convenient, tolerable and affordable regimen, especially in low and middle-income countries with limited resources, also with favorable outcomes and survival. while those who did not respond successfully shifted to VRD or VTD. LIMITATIONS: The usual limitations of a retrospective analysis using registry-level data, no data on quality of life.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Bortezomib/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos
13.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 149(8): 423-431, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565115

RESUMO

Over the past few decades, substantial advancements have been achieved in the early detection and treatment of gastrointestinal oncological diseases. The survival rates of patients have significantly improved due to the expansion and enhancement of therapeutic and diagnostic options, leading to modifications in (neo-)adjuvant, perioperative, and palliative strategies, as well as the advent of personalized molecular therapy. Noteworthy progress has also been observed in primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention domains.Despite these advancements, gastrointestinal tumours continue to be a global health burden, with approximately 4 million new cases diagnosed annually. These constitute over a quarter of all tumour cases, with nearly one-third of all global tumour-related mortalities attributed to gastrointestinal tumours.Emerging evidence implicates aberrant differentiation of stem or progenitor cells in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal tumour diseases. A confluence of clinically recognized risk factors, including high-fat diet, bile acid, microbiome alterations, and host factors, can instigate chronic inflammation. This disrupts stem cell homeostasis and precipitates malignant transformation. Consequently, environmental inflammation emerges as a critical risk factor warranting consideration in clinical cancer prevention and surveillance strategies.This review encapsulates the current understanding and recommendations in the prevention of selected gastrointestinal tumours, aiming to facilitate their integration into clinical practice. It underscores the need for continued research to further refine diagnostic and therapeutic strategies and improve patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gastrointestinais , Humanos , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/prevenção & controle , Oncologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Inflamação
14.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 24(1): 125, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566007

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The occurrence of postoperative complications may affect short-term outcomes and prognosis of patients with various malignancies. However, the prognostic impact of these complications in older patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the impact of severe postoperative complications on the oncological outcomes of older (aged ≥ 80 years) and non-older (aged < 80 years) patients with CRC. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 760 patients with stage I-III CRC who underwent curative surgery in two institutions between 2013 and 2019. The patients were categorized into older (aged ≥ 80 years, 191 patients) and non-older (aged < 80 years, 569 patients) groups. Short- and long-term outcomes were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The incidence of severe postoperative complications did not differ between the two groups (p = 0.981). Cancer-specific survival (CSS) was significantly worse in older patients with severe complications than in those without severe complications (p = 0.007); meanwhile, CSS did not differ between the non-older patients with severe complications and those without severe complications. Survival analysis revealed that the occurrence of severe postoperative complications was an independent prognostic factor for CSS in older patients (hazard ratio = 4.00, 95% confidence interval: 1.27-12.6, p = 0.017). CONCLUSION: CRC surgery can be safely performed in older and non-older patients. Moreover, the occurrence of severe postoperative complications might more strongly affect the prognosis of older patients than that of non-older patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Prognóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia
15.
Cancer Res Treat ; 56(2): 357-371, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38487832

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The current study provides national cancer statistics and their secular trends in Korea, including incidence, mortality, survival, and prevalence in 2021. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Incidence, survival, and prevalence rates of cancer were calculated using the Korea National Cancer Incidence Database, from 1999 to 2021, with survival follow-up until December 31, 2022. Deaths from cancer were assessed using causes-of-death data obtained from Statistics Korea. RESULTS: The number of new cancer diagnoses in 2021 increased by 27,002 cases (10.8%) compared to 2020. In 2021, newly diagnosed cancer cases and deaths from cancer were reported as 277,523 (age-standardized rate [ASR], 289.3 per 100,000) and 82,688 (ASR, 67.6 per 100,000), respectively. The overall cancer incidence rates increased by 3.3% annually from 1999 to 2012, and decreased by 5.3% from 2012 to 2015, thereafter, followed by non-significant changes. Cancer mortality rates have been decreasing since 2002, with more rapid decline in recent years (annual decrease of 2.8% from 2002 to 2013; 3.2% from 2013 to 2021). The 5-year relative survival between 2017 and 2021 was 72.1%, which contributed to prevalent cases reaching over 2.4 million in 2021. CONCLUSION: In 2021, the number of newly diagnosed cancer patients increased as healthcare utilization recovered from the coronavirus disease 2019-related declines of 2020. Revised cancer registration guidelines expanded the registration scope, particularly for stomach and colorectal cancer. Survival rates have improved over the years, leading to a growing population of cancer survivors, necessitating a comprehensive cancer control strategy. The long-term impact of the pandemic on cancer statistics requires future investigation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Humanos , Incidência , Prevalência , Taxa de Sobrevida , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
16.
ANZ J Surg ; 94(4): 628-633, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study describes surgical and quality of life outcomes in patients with peritoneal malignancy treated by cytoreductive surgery (CRS) alone compared with a subgroup treated with CRS and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). METHODS: Peritoneal malignancy patients undergoing surgery between 2017 and 2023 were included. The cohort was divided into patients treated by CRS and HIPEC and those treated by CRS without HIPEC (including CRS only or maximal tumour debulking (MTB)). Main outcomes included surgical outcomes, survival, and quality of life. Groups were compared using non-parametric tests and log-rank test was used to compare survival curves. RESULTS: 403 had CRS and HIPEC, 25 CRS only and 15 MTB. CRS and HIPEC patients had a lower peritoneal carcinomatosis index (12.0 vs. 17.0 vs. 35.0; P < 0.001) and longer surgical operative time (9.3 vs. 8.3 vs. 5.2 h; P < 0.001), when compared to CRS only and MTB, respectively. No other significant difference between groups was observed. CONCLUSIONS: The optimal management of selected patients with resectable peritoneal malignancy incorporates a combined strategy of CRS and HIPEC. When HIPEC is not utilized, due to significant residual disease or comorbidity precluding safe delivery, CRS alone is associated with good outcomes. Hospital stay and complications are acceptable but not significantly different to the CRS and HIPEC group. CRS alone is a complex intervention requiring comparable resources with good outcomes. In view of our findings 'intention to treat' with CRS and HIPEC should be the basis for resource allocation and funding.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias Peritoneais , Humanos , Neoplasias Peritoneais/patologia , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica , Terapia Combinada , Qualidade de Vida , Quimioterapia do Câncer por Perfusão Regional , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Taxa de Sobrevida , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Int J Epidemiol ; 53(2)2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In descriptive epidemiology, there are strong similarities between incidence and survival analyses. Because of the success of multidimensional penalized splines (MPSs) in incidence analysis, we propose in this pedagogical paper to show that MPSs are also very suitable for survival or net survival studies. METHODS: The use of MPSs is illustrated in cancer epidemiology in the context of survival trends studies that require specific statistical modelling. We focus on two examples (cervical and colon cancers) using survival data from the French cancer registries (cases 1990-2015). The dynamic of the excess mortality hazard according to time since diagnosis was modelled using an MPS of time since diagnosis, age at diagnosis and year of diagnosis. Multidimensional splines bring the flexibility necessary to capture any trend patterns while penalization ensures selecting only the complexities necessary to describe the data. RESULTS: For cervical cancer, the dynamic of the excess mortality hazard changed with the year of diagnosis in opposite ways according to age: this led to a net survival that improved in young women and worsened in older women. For colon cancer, regardless of age, excess mortality decreases with the year of diagnosis but this only concerns mortality at the start of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: MPSs make it possible to describe the dynamic of the mortality hazard and how this dynamic changes with the year of diagnosis, or more generally with any covariates of interest: this gives essential epidemiological insights for interpreting results. We use the R package survPen to do this type of analysis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Análise de Sobrevida , Modelos Estatísticos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Incidência , Sistema de Registros , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Saudi Med J ; 45(3): 230-234, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438215

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the simplified Fournier Gangrene Severe Index Score (SFGSI) and the number of species in culture findings for predicting death in Fournier Gangrene (FG) patients in terms of their predictive power. METHODS: From January 2017 to July 2022, the medical records of individuals undergoing emergency surgery for FG were obtained. A total of 80 patients were examined for clinical data such as age, gender, laboratory parameters, etiology, isolated bacteria, and mortality rate. RESULTS: We identified a statistically significant mean difference between SFGSI (p<0.0001) and quickSOFA (qSOFA) scores (p=0.002) in determining the survival rate of FG patients. The sensitivity and specificity of the SFGSI score in predicting mortality were 90.1% and 88.3% respectively, whereas the sensitivity and specificity of the qSOFA score were 88.2% and 86.2%. E. Coli comprised 56.2% of the bacteria, followed by S. Haemolyticus, S. Aureus, P. Aeruginosa, and K. Pneumoniae. On the basis of bacterial culture results, P. Aeruginosa had the highest fatality rate (100%) followed by S. Aureus (75%), S. Haemolyticus (30%), and E. Coli (20%), in that order. CONCLUSION: The survival rate of FG patients can be predicted using the sensitivity and specificity of the SFGSI and qSOFA scores together. P. Aeruginosa-infected patients have the greatest mortality rate (100%) compared to the other groups.


Assuntos
Gangrena de Fournier , Humanos , Masculino , Taxa de Sobrevida , Gangrena de Fournier/diagnóstico , Escherichia coli , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Staphylococcus aureus
19.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 65(3)2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439563

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of lung transplantations using grafts from donors aged over 70 years against those performed using younger donors. METHODS: This retrospective single-centre analysis includes lung transplants conducted at our institution from January 2014 to June 2022. Lung recipients were classified into 2 groups based on donor age (group A <70 years; group B ≥70 years). Variables regarding demographics, peri and postoperative outcomes and survival were included. The statistical analysis approach included univariable analysis, propensity score matching to address imbalances in donor variables (smoking status), recipient characteristics (sex, age, diagnosis and lung allocation score) and calendar period and survival analysis. RESULTS: A total of 353 lung transplants were performed in this period, 47 (13.3%) using grafts from donors aged over 70 years. Donors in group B were more frequently women (70.2% vs 51.6%, P = 0.017), with less smoking history (22% vs 43%, P = 0.002) and longer mechanical ventilation time (3 vs 2 days, P = 0.025). Recipients in group B had a higher lung allocation score (37.5 vs 35, P = 0.035). Postoperative variables were comparable between both groups, except for pulmonary function tests. Group B demonstrated lower forced expiratory volume 1 s levels (2070 vs 2580 ml, P = 0.001). The propensity score matching showed a lower chance of chronic lung allograft dysfunction by 12% for group B. One-, three- and five-year survival was equal between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: The use of selected expanded-criteria donors aged over 70 years did not result in increased postoperative morbidity, early mortality or survival in this study.


Assuntos
Transplante de Pulmão , Doadores de Tecidos , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores Etários
20.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 65(3)2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447194

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Heart transplantation for adult congenital heart disease is complicated and associated with challenging pretransplant support, long waiting and high early post-transplant mortality. We explored if surgical and medical advances and allocation system changes have affected outcomes. METHODS: From United Network for Organ Sharing database, adults with congenital heart disease listed for heart transplantation were queried. To explore practice and outcome trends, patients were divided into 4 eras (eras 1-3: nearly 3 equal periods from 1992 to 2018, era 4: after 2018, corresponding with new allocation system). Univariate and multivariable analysis was performed to evaluate outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 2737 patients were listed. There was gradual increase in listed and transplanted patients, along with significant increase in use of mechanical support, simultaneous kidney and liver transplantation. While proportion of transplanted remained constant, there was decrease in proportion delisted/died after listing (P = 0.01) and waiting list duration (P = 0.01), especially in era 4. Thirty-day post-transplant mortality remains high; however, it has significantly improved starting era 3 (P = 0.01). Current survival at 1-year and 5-years is 85% and 65%, with improvement mainly related to decreased early death. On multivariable analysis, factors associated with survival were lower glomerular filtration rate (hazard ratio = 0.99, P = 0.042), bilirubin (hazard ratio = 1.17, P<0.001) and mechanical ventilation (hazard ratio = 2.3, P=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Heart transplantation in adults with congenital heart disease is increasing, along with added complexity, higher usage of pretransplant mechanical support and simultaneous organ transplantation. Despite that, more complex patients do not experience worse outcomes. Early mortality improved but remains high. New donor allocation system allowed shorter waiting time and higher proportion transplanted without altering early mortality.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Transplante de Coração , Humanos , Adulto , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doadores de Tecidos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Listas de Espera
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