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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(3): 15-21, set./dez. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1121724

RESUMO

Introdução: A bichectomia é um procedimento cirúrgico que remove parte do corpo adiposo bucal não apenas para fins estéticos, mas também funcionais, limitando o trauma recorrente na região jugal. A correta indicação cirúrgica e o auxílio de exames de imagem são essenciais para o planejamento cirúrgico e seleção da técnica a ser utilizada, minimizando as taxas de complicações e alcançando resultados seguros e satisfatórios. Objetivo: Relatar dois casos clínicos em que a bichectomia foi realizada, enfatizando a importância da ultrassonografia pré-operatória na determinação do volume do corpo adiposo bucal e abordando duas técnicas cirúrgicas. Relato de casos clínicos: Duas pacientes do sexo feminino (18 e 32 anos), normosistêmicas, relataram queixas de insatisfação estética com o contorno arredondado da face, além de trauma constante na mucosa jugal. Ao exame clínico, as pacientes apresentavam mucosa jugal de volume aumentado e traumatizado. A bichectomia foi realizada pelo acesso de Matarasso e pelo fundo de sulco. Conclusão: a ultrassonografia mostrou-se eficiente no planejamento cirúrgico da bichectomia, favorecendo a retirada do corpo adiposo da bochecha de forma previsível, rápida e segura. As duas técnicas cirúrgicas foram eficazes para remoção do corpo adiposo bucal(AU)


Introduction: Bichectomy is a surgical procedure that removes part of the buccal fat pad not only for esthetic but also functional purposes, limiting recurrent trauma in the jugal region. The correct surgical indication and the aid of imaging examinations are essential for the surgical planning and selection of the technique to be used, minimizing complication rates and achieving safe and satisfactory results. Objective: To report two clinical cases in which bichectomy was performed, emphasizing the importance of preoperative ultrasonography in determining the volume of the buccal fat pad. Report of clinical cases: Two female patients (18 and 32 years), normosistemic, reported complaints of aesthetic dissatisfaction with the rounded contour of the face, in addition to a constant complaint of trauma to the jugal mucosa. At the clinical examination, the patients presented jugal mucosa of increased and traumatized volume. A bichectomy was performed by Matarasso access and by the furrow fund. Conclusion: ultrasonography proved to be efficient in assisting the surgical planning of bichectomy, favoring the removal of the buccal fat pad in a predictable, fast and safe way. The two surgical techniques were effective for removal of the buccal fat pad(AU)


Assuntos
Bochecha , Bochecha/cirurgia , Cirurgia Bucal , Tecido Adiposo , Ultrassonografia , Estética , Face
2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4981, 2020 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020469

RESUMO

Antagonism or agonism of the glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) receptor (GIPR) prevents weight gain and leads to dramatic weight loss in combination with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists in preclinical models. Based on the genetic evidence supporting GIPR antagonism, we previously developed a mouse anti-murine GIPR antibody (muGIPR-Ab) that protected diet-induced obese (DIO) mice against body weight gain and improved multiple metabolic parameters. This work reconciles the similar preclinical body weight effects of GIPR antagonists and agonists in vivo, and here we show that chronic GIPR agonism desensitizes GIPR activity in primary adipocytes, both differentiated in vitro and adipose tissue in vivo, and functions like a GIPR antagonist. Additionally, GIPR activity in adipocytes is partially responsible for muGIPR-Ab to prevent weight gain in DIO mice, demonstrating a role of adipocyte GIPR in the regulation of adiposity in vivo.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Antiobesidade/farmacologia , Receptores dos Hormônios Gastrointestinais/agonistas , Receptores dos Hormônios Gastrointestinais/antagonistas & inibidores , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Animais , Fármacos Antiobesidade/química , Fármacos Antiobesidade/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos/farmacologia , Anticorpos/uso terapêutico , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Polipeptídeo Inibidor Gástrico/farmacologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade/patologia , Receptores dos Hormônios Gastrointestinais/deficiência , Receptores dos Hormônios Gastrointestinais/metabolismo
4.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1624-1628, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018306

RESUMO

Abdominal fat quantification is critical since multiple vital organs are located within this region. Although computed tomography (CT) is a highly sensitive modality to segment body fat, it involves ionizing radiations which makes magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) a preferable alternative for this purpose. Additionally, the superior soft tissue contrast in MRI could lead to more accurate results. Yet, it is highly labor intensive to segment fat in MRI scans. In this study, we propose an algorithm based on deep learning technique(s) to automatically quantify fat tissue from MR images through a cross modality adaptation. Our method does not require supervised labeling of MR scans, instead, we utilize a cycle generative adversarial network (C-GAN) to construct a pipeline that transforms the existing MR scans into their equivalent synthetic CT (s-CT) images where fat segmentation is relatively easier due to the descriptive nature of HU (hounsfield unit) in CT images. The fat segmentation results for MRI scans were evaluated by expert radiologist. Qualitative evaluation of our segmentation results shows average success score of 3.80/5 and 4.54/5 for visceral and subcutaneous fat segmentation in MR images*.


Assuntos
Abdome , Cavidade Abdominal , Abdome/diagnóstico por imagem , Tecido Adiposo/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
5.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(10): 1322-1331, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063500

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of hydrogel from acellular porcine adipose tissue (HAPA) on the survival of transplanted adipose tissue. Methods: For in vitro study, adipose tissue and HAPA-adipose tissue complex were cultured in normoxia and hypoxia atmospheres for 24 and 72 hours. TUNEL and Perilipin immunofluorescence staining were performed to observe the effect of HAPA on apoptosis and survival of adipocities. For in vivo study, 42 healthy male nude mice (4-6 weeks old) weighing 15-18 g were randomly divided into adipose group (group A), 10%HAPA group (group B), 20%HAPA group (group C), 30%HAPA group (group D), 40%HAPA group (group E), and 50%HAPA group (group F) according to different HAPA/adipose tissue volume ratio ( n=7). For each group, 1 mL adipose tissue or HAPA-adipose tissue complex was injected subcutaneously into the dorsum of the nude mice. At 4 weeks after transplantation, 7 nude mice in each group were sacrificed and grafts were harvested, gross observation, volume measurement, ultrasound examination, and histologic staining (HE staining, CD31 and Perilipin immunofluorescence stainings) were applied. Results: Hypoxia showed a tendency of promoting adipose tissue necrosis and apoptosis, while HAPA exhibited an obvious effect of inhibiting cell apoptosis in vitro study ( P<0.05). For in vivo study, grafts of all groups had intact fibrocapsule. No obvious signs of infection and necrosis were observed at 4 weeks. Volume shrinkage was observed in all groups, however, the groups A-D had significantly higher volume retention rate than groups E and F ( P<0.05). Ultrasound examination showed that there were no significant difference in the number and volume of liquify area of the grafts in each group ( P>0.05). With the increase of HAPA's volume ratio, HE staining proved an improved fat integrity while a gradually decreased vacuoles and fibrosis. CD31 immunohistochemical staining showed that the number of neo-vascularisation in groups E and F were significantly higher than those in groups A-D ( P<0.05). Perilipin immunofluorescence staining showed that with the increase of HAPA volume ratio, the number of living adipocytes increased gradually, and more new adipocytes could be seen in the field of vision. Conclusion: As the volume ratio of HAPA gradually increased, the survival of transplanted adipose tissue also increased, but the volume retention rate decreased gradually. 30%HAPA was considered the relative optimal volume ratio for its superior adipose tissue survival and volume retation rate.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Transplantes , Adipócitos , Tecido Adiposo , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Suínos
7.
Elife ; 92020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930095

RESUMO

Obesity and diabetes are established comorbidities for COVID-19. Adipose tissue demonstrates high expression of ACE2 which SARS- CoV-2 exploits to enter host cells. This makes adipose tissue a reservoir for SARS-CoV-2 viruses and thus increases the integral viral load. Acute viral infection results in ACE2 downregulation. This relative deficiency can lead to disturbances in other systems controlled by ACE2, including the renin-angiotensin system. This will be further increased in the case of pre-conditions with already compromised functioning of these systems, such as in patients with obesity and diabetes. Here, we propose that interactions of virally-induced ACE2 deficiency with obesity and/or diabetes leads to a synergistic further impairment of endothelial and gut barrier function. The appearance of bacteria and/or their products in the lungs of obese and diabetic patients promotes interactions between viral and bacterial pathogens, resulting in a more severe lung injury in COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/microbiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/microbiologia , Obesidade/microbiologia , Pneumonia Viral/microbiologia , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/virologia , Animais , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Complicações do Diabetes/metabolismo , Complicações do Diabetes/microbiologia , Complicações do Diabetes/virologia , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/virologia , Regulação para Baixo , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos , Humanos , Interações Microbianas , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade/virologia , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Carga Viral
8.
Internist (Berl) ; 61(10): 1063-1075, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930809

RESUMO

Lipodystrophy (LD) syndromes are a group of rare and heterogeneous diseases characterized by a congenital deficiency or acquired loss of adipose tissue. Due to the resulting disorder of metabolism, sometimes severe sequelae can develop, such as hypertriglyceridemia, marked insulin resistance and early manifestation of type 2 diabetes, recurrent pancreatitis, fatty liver disease and liver fibrosis. Lipodystrophies are clinically recognizable due to the complete lack of subcutaneous adipose tissue or a conspicuous pattern of the distribution of body fat. Acanthosis nigricans in slimly built persons, a high fasting triglyceride level and elevated concentrations of liver enzymes as well as a positive history of pancreatitis can be indications of LD.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Lipoatrófica , Resistência à Insulina , Lipodistrofia , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Lipodistrofia/diagnóstico , Lipodistrofia/etiologia , Lipodistrofia/metabolismo , Lipodistrofia/terapia , Doenças Raras
11.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 49(4): 580-584, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928348

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the changes of neuropeptide Y(NPY) expression in perirenal adipose tissue and its relationship with insulin resistance in the nutritional transition models of refeeding after calorie restriction. METHODS: SPF Male SD rats, aged 8 weeks, were randomly divided into normal chow group and refeeding with normal chow after calorie restriction for 4 weeks group. NPY gene expression in perirenal adipose tissue were detected by real-time quantitative PCR at the end of 4 and 12 weeks, along with fasting plasma glucose, fasting serum lisulin, free fatty acids and average glucose infusion rate(GIR_(60-120)) of hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp test for 60-120 minutes. NPY gene mRNA expression in perirenal adipose tissue was detected by real-time quantitative PCR. And the relationship between NPY gene expression and insulin resistance was detected by Spearman correlation analysis. RESULTS: The expression level of NPY gene in perirenal adipose tissue in caloric restriction for 4 weeks group was significantly increased by calorie restriction(P<0. 01). After refeeding, the expression level of NPY gene in refeeding with normal group was still slightly increased, which was significantly higher than that in normal group at the end of the experiment(P<0. 01). The levels of fasting plasma glucose and fasting insulin in caloric restriction for 4 weeks group decreased slightly, GIR_(60-120) increased slightly, but there were no statistical differences compared with normal group(P>0. 05), but free fatty acid levels increased significantly(P<0. 01). After refeeding, the levels of fasting insulin, free fatty acid in refeeding with normal group increased significantly, GIR_(60-120) decreased evidently(P<0. 01), but the changes of fasting blood glucose were not obvious. The result of stepwise regression showed that the expression level of NPY gene in perirenal adipose tissue was closely related to GIR_(60-120) and fasting insulin, with R values of-0. 816 and 0. 789 respectively(R~2=0. 892, P<0. 01). The result of correlation analysis showed that in the 4-week group, the mRNA expression level of NPY gene in perirenal adipose tissue was closely related to GIR_( 60-120)、fasting insulin and free fatty acid, with R values of-0. 765, 0. 716 and 0. 657 respectively(P<0. 01). In the 12 week group, the mRNA expression level of NPY gene in perirenal adipose tissue was closely related to GIR_(60-120), fasting insulin and free fatty acid, with R values of-0. 853, 0. 622 and 0. 608 respectively(P<0. 01). CONCLUSION: The mRNA expression of NPY gene in perirenal adipose tissue was closely related to indicators of insulin resistance. It is an important factor affecting insulin sensitivity.


Assuntos
Resistência à Insulina , Tecido Adiposo , Animais , Insulina , Masculino , Neuropeptídeo Y , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
12.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eRW5160, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876087

RESUMO

Adiponectin, among other diverse adipokines, is produced in greater quantity and has an effect on the adipose tissue and other tissues in the body. Adiponectin plays three main roles: regulatory metabolic and sensitizing function of insulin in the liver and muscles; it acts as an anti-inflammatory cytokine and in vascular protection, besides important cardiac protection in the presence of ischemia-reperfusion syndrome. Since many situations resulting from traumatic accidents or pathologies are due to cell damage caused by ischemia-reperfusion syndrome, it is relevant to study new therapeutic alternatives that will contribute to reducing these lesions. The objective of this study is to carry out a literature review on the role of adiponectin in ischemia-reperfusion syndrome.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/metabolismo , Isquemia/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Tecido Adiposo , Citocinas , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica
13.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 36(8): 1504-1514, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924349

RESUMO

MicroRNA (miRNA) is a type of highly conserved nucleotide sequence composed of 18 to 25 nucleotides, which can specifically bind to the 3'-noncoding regions of mRNA, and then play a negative regulatory role in degrading mRNA or inhibiting translation. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is a type of nucleotide sequence that exceeds 200 nucleotides in length and cannot encode proteins or can only encode protein peptides. It regulates gene expression at the levels of epigenetic, transcriptional and post-transcriptional. As an important energy storage organ, fat plays an important role in regulating the energy balance of animals, and is closely related to meat production traits such as meat production and meat quality. And the disorder of fat function can lead to hyperlipidemia, type 2 diabetes and a series of cardiovascular diseases, so the molecular regulation mechanism of animal fat deposition has attracted more attention. In recent years, more and more studies have found that miRNA and lncRNA play a crucial role in animal fat deposition. We review here the current research progresses in the role of miRNA and lncRNA in animal fat deposition, to provide theoretical guidance and new ideas for further revealing the molecular regulation mechanism of animal fat deposition.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro
14.
J Frailty Aging ; 9(4): 214-218, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is known that maintenance of muscle mass cannot prevent loss of muscle strength in older adults. Recent evidence suggests that fat mass can weaken the relationship between muscle mass and functional performance. No information exists if fat mass can independently affect muscle strength and jump test performance in middle-aged and older adults. OBJECTIVE: To assess the independent relationships between fat mass, leg muscle mass, lower extremity muscle strength, and jump test performance in adults, 55-75 years of age. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-nine older adults (men, n = 27, age = 64.8 ± 6.5 years; women, n = 32, age = 62.5 ± 5.1 years) participated in this study. MEASUREMENTS: Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure fat mass and leg muscle mass. An average of 3 maximal countermovement jumps was used to calculate jump power and jump height. Two leg press and hip abduction strength were assessed by 1-repetition maximum testing. RESULTS: Stepwise sequential regression analysis of fat mass and leg muscle mass versus jump test performance and measures of muscle strength after adjusting for age, height, and physical activity revealed that fat mass was negatively associated with jump height (p = 0.047, rpartial = -0.410) in men. In women, fat mass was negatively associated with jump height (p = 0.003, rpartial = -0.538), leg press (p = 0.002, rpartial = -0.544), and hip abduction strength (p < 0.001, rpartial = -0.661). Leg muscle mass was positively associated with jump power in women (p = 0.047, rpartial = 0.372) only. CONCLUSIONS: Fat mass has an independent negative relationship with jump test performance in middle-aged and older men and women. This has clinical implications for rehabilitating neuromuscular performance in middle-aged and older adults.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/fisiologia , Teste de Esforço , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 141: 25-38, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940248

RESUMO

Between 2007 and 2013, before the 2013 cetacean morbillivirus outbreak, 26 fresh bottlenose dolphin carcasses were necropsied on the coast of Georgia, USA. Here, we present the pathological and microbiological findings associated with their most likely causes of death. The primary cause of death was determined in 25 individuals and included systemic bacterial infection (n = 7), verminous and bacterial bronchopneumonia (n = 5), drowning/entanglement (n = 5), disseminated histoplasmosis (n = 1), intestinal intussusception (n = 1), vegetative endocarditis (n = 1), meningitis (n = 1), necrotizing dermatitis (n = 1), disseminated angiomatosis (n = 1), emaciation (n = 1) and stingray spine trauma (n = 1). Histiocytic and eosinophilic bronchopneumonia associated with Halocerchus sp. infection was observed in 69% of the animals (18/26) and eosinophilic gastritis due to Anisakidae nematodes was found in 36% of the examined stomachs (8/22). Moderate to severe eosinophilic pancreatitis with fibrosis was observed in 4 animals infected with Brachycladiidae trematodes. Proliferative and ulcerative lymphoplasmacytic dermatitis was found in 5 animals and was considered to contribute to deteriorated health status in 2 calves. Pulmonary and lymph node angiomatosis were observed in 15 and 10 animals, respectively. In at least 2 animals, the concentration of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the blubber exceeded 1500 µg g-1 of lipid. Bottlenose dolphins stranded on the Georgia coast have a wide range of inflammatory lesions associated with a variety of helminth, bacterial, and fungal pathogens. Some resident animals have also been exposed to high levels of PCB contamination, which could reduce host immunocompetence. Higher exposure to these or other pathogens could result in further decline in the health of resident and migrant dolphin populations in this region.


Assuntos
Golfinho Nariz-de-Garrafa , Tecido Adiposo , Animais , Causas de Morte , Georgia , Bifenilos Policlorados
16.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238044, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997665

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Studies report that intense physical activity influences the down-regulation of immune function in athletes as well as the interaction between adipose tissue and the immune system. AIM: This study aimed to compare the plasma soluble levels of the immune checkpoint HLA-G (sHLA-G) molecule with the fat mass and muscle mass index among 77 bodybuilders and 64 controls. RESULTS: The comparisons of the percentage of body fat (%BF) revealed that the groups of male and female bodybuilders showed a statistically significant reduction in the percentage of body fat when compared to their control group, (P <0.0001, for both comparisons). Regarding sHLA-G levels, the comparisons showed that the group of male bodybuilders had significantly higher sHLA-G levels compared to the group of female bodybuilders (P = 0.0011). CONCLUSION: Our results showed that in bodybuilders with less body fat, the systemic levels of soluble HLA-G, an immunological molecule with recognized immunosuppressive function, are significantly higher and suggest that this immune mechanism may corroborate the immunosuppressive state in athletes undergoing intense and prolonged physical training.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Exercício Físico , Antígenos HLA-G/sangue , Sistema Imunitário/metabolismo , Levantamento de Peso/estatística & dados numéricos , Tecido Adiposo/imunologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Sistema Imunitário/imunologia , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
17.
Clin Dermatol ; 38(4): 494-496, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972609

RESUMO

Stem cells have recently garnered increased attention, especially pertaining to their use in cutaneous rejuvenation. Their popularity has continued to grow with patients and consumers alike, which has followed the substantial marketing bolstering them. Although limited, studies have begun to demonstrate promise in the field of esthetics. We review the prominent studies in the literature to shed more light on the use of stem cells for cosmetic practitioners.


Assuntos
Técnicas Cosméticas , Dermatologia , Estética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Rejuvenescimento/fisiologia , Envelhecimento da Pele , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Pele , Células-Tronco , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea , Diferenciação Celular , Autorrenovação Celular , Humanos , Pele , Células-Tronco/fisiologia
18.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(4): 409e-413e, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32969997

RESUMO

Breast reconstruction remains an important field in plastic surgery, with most procedures using implants and/or autologous tissue. Few series report on experience with fat grafting as the primary form of breast reconstruction. The present article describes a new method of breast reconstruction using a three-dimensional absorbable mesh construct-or Lotus scaffold-and autologous fat grafting. A retrospective review was performed for all patients who underwent breast reconstruction using the Lotus scaffold and autologous fat grafting. Postoperative mammograms and magnetic resonance imaging scans were analyzed. Tissue specimens collected at subsequent procedures were harvested and stained with hematoxylin and eosin for histologic evaluation. Lastly, compression testing of the scaffold was performed using a tensiometer and digital tracking technology. Twenty-two patients underwent reconstruction of 28 breasts using the Lotus scaffold and autologous fat grafting between February of 2015 and February of 2018. Average follow-up was 19 months. All patients were satisfied with final breast shape and size. Mean patient age was 60.5 years and the average body mass index was 28 kg/m. Patients required on average two fat grafting sessions to achieve a successful result (range, zero to four). Postoperative mammography and magnetic resonance imaging showed robust adipose tissue in the breast with a slowly resorbing mesh and no oil cysts or calcifications. Histologic evaluation showed the presence of fat tissue around the scaffold and no evidence of capsule formation. Compression testing revealed the Lotus scaffold to be compliant with a high-resilience profile. The Lotus scaffold with autologous fat grafting is a viable method for breast reconstruction, giving the patient an autologous reconstruction with less morbidity compared to free tissue transfer. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:: Therapeutic, IV.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Tecido Adiposo/transplante , Mamoplastia/métodos , Telas Cirúrgicas , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Tecidos Suporte , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Mamoplastia/instrumentação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Autólogo
19.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(4): 416e-419e, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970000

RESUMO

Volume restoration with autologous fat augmentation has become a key technique in facial rejuvenation. It is highly versatile and useful as an independent operation or as an adjunct to rhytidectomy and blepharoplasty. The goal of this article and the accompanying videos is to provide a detailed step-by-step guide to achieving predictable and optimized surgical results.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/transplante , Técnicas Cosméticas , Face/cirurgia , Ritidoplastia/métodos , Humanos , Rejuvenescimento
20.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4718, 2020 09 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948777

RESUMO

Disturbances in glucose homeostasis and low-grade chronic inflammation culminate into metabolic syndrome that increase the risk for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The recently discovered group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) are capable of secreting copious amounts of type 2 cytokines to modulate metabolic homeostasis in adipose tissue. In this study, we have established that expression of Death Receptor 3 (DR3), a member of the TNF superfamily, on visceral adipose tissue (VAT)-derived murine and peripheral blood human ILC2s is inducible by IL-33. We demonstrate that DR3 engages the canonical and/or non-canonical NF-κB pathways, and thus stimulates naïve and co-stimulates IL-33-activated ILC2s. Importantly, DR3 engagement on ILC2s significantly ameliorates glucose tolerance, protects against insulin-resistance onset and remarkably reverses already established insulin-resistance. Taken together, these results convey the potent role of DR3 as an ILC2 regulator and introduce DR3 agonistic treatment as a novel therapeutic avenue for treating T2DM.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Membro 25 de Receptores de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/metabolismo , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Glucose/metabolismo , Homeostase , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Resistência à Insulina , Interleucina-33/metabolismo , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/metabolismo , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Membro 25 de Receptores de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
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