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1.
Br J Surg ; 111(2)2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747515

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Telemedicine is being adopted for postoperative surveillance but requires evaluation for efficacy. This study tested a telephone Wound Healing Questionnaire (WHQ) to diagnose surgical site infection (SSI) after abdominal surgery in low- and middle-income countries. METHOD: A multi-centre, international, prospective study was embedded in the FALCON trial; a factorial RCT testing measures to reduce SSI in seven low- and middle-income countries (NCT03700749). It was conducted according to a pre-registered protocol (SWAT126) and reported according to STARD guidelines. The reference test was in-person review by a trained clinician at 30 postoperative days according to US Centres for Disease Control criteria. The index test was telephone administration of an adapted WHQ at 27 to 30 postoperative days by a researcher blinded to the outcome of in-person review. The sum of item response scores generated an overall score between 0 and 29. The primary outcome was the diagnostic accuracy of the WHQ, defined as the proportion of SSI correctly identified by the telephone WHQ, and summarized using the area under the receiving operator characteristic curve (AUROC) and diagnostic test accuracy statistics. RESULTS: Patients were included from three upper-middle income (396 patients, 13 hospitals), three lower-middle income (746 patients, 19 hospitals), and one low-income country (54 patients, 4 hospitals). 90.3% (1088 of 1196) patients were successfully contacted. Those with non-midline incisions (adjusted odds ratio: 0.36, 95% c.i. 0.17 to 0.73, P=0.005) or a confirmed diagnosis of SSI on in-person assessment (odds ratio: 0.42, 95% c.i. 0.20 to 0.92, P=0.006) were harder to reach. The questionnaire correctly discriminated between most patients with and without SSI (AUROC 0.869, 95% c.i. 0.824 to 0.914), which was consistent across subgroups. A representative cut-off score of ≥4 displayed a sensitivity of 0.701 (0.610-0.792), specificity of 0.911 (0.878-0.943), positive predictive value of 0.723 (0.633-0.814) and negative predictive value of 0.901 (0.867-0.935). CONCLUSION: SSI can be diagnosed using a telephone questionnaire (obviating in-person assessment) in low resource settings.


A wound infection happens when germs enter the cut made in your body by a doctor when you are operated on. Germs are small organisms that cannot be seen by your eyes, but they can cause problems in the healing of the cut. Infection is the most common problem after surgery and can delay you getting out of hospital and back to normal life. The current way to check whether you have an infection is for a doctor or nurse to look at the cut made on your tummy and see how it is healing. For example, a doctor may check if the cut has a green liquid oozing from it or if the area of the wound is red or swollen. A month after you leave hospital, a doctor may ask you to come back for a follow-up visit. However, this will require you to travel to hospital and take a day off work or away from your family, and can be expensive and time-consuming if you travel far. We wanted to find out if talking to a doctor over the phone would work as well as you travelling to hospital to show the wound to a doctor or nurse in person. To do this, we asked over 1000 patients who had recently undergone surgery to be checked using both methods­to take a phone call from one doctor and be checked in person by a different doctor. We were able to compare the phone follow-up and in-person check to see if the doctors came to a different conclusion. We also looked at whether patients were able to receive a phone call at home and their experience of the process. For most patients, the phone call from a doctor was just as good at seeing if a patient had an infection as a face-to-face check-up by a doctor. However, the phone call was not perfect all the time, particularly for patients with very mild infections. Most patients were able to receive the phone call after a few tries and all patients were very happy with the process. As an international research team, we are now trying new ways to improve the phone call, including looking at the wound over video if possible. A phone call to check how your wound is healing can now be used as a substitute for a face-to-face check-up by a doctor. If you have any worries about your wound after the phone call you should still seek help from a doctor or nurse. We hope that the phone call will be more convenient for patients like you to avoid travelling back to hospital and taking time away from your work and family.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Cicatrização , Humanos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Abdome/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Telemedicina , Telefone
2.
WMJ ; 123(2): 124-126, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718241

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 ended in-person communication training workshops at our institution, so we sought to provide a way for family medicine residents to hone their telephone and audio-visual skills online. METHODS: We developed a 2-hour online workshop where residents practiced delivering serious news to family members via telephone or videoconferencing call and measured participant confidence via pre-, post-, and 6-month surveys. RESULTS: Participant confidence in delivering serious news via telephone and videoconferencing increased. Sustained confidence at 6-month follow-up was not confirmed. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS: Offering an online opportunity to practice delivering serious news by telephone or videoconferencing call appears to be a successful way to bolster confidence. Participants found using realistic scenarios and discussion of best practices most helpful.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Internato e Residência , SARS-CoV-2 , Telemedicina , Comunicação por Videoconferência , Humanos , Feminino , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/educação , Comunicação , Masculino , Pandemias , Wisconsin , Adulto , Telefone
3.
Int J Methods Psychiatr Res ; 33(S1): e2009, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726876

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the feasibility of replacing face-to-face with telephone interviews conducted as part of the World Mental Health Qatar (WMHQ) survey and discuss the main methodological changes across the two pilots that were subsequently implemented in the full-scale WMHQ telephone survey. METHODS: We assessed the net mode effect by comparing the lifetime prevalence estimates of the main mental disorder classes (mood and anxiety disorders) and a number of disorders across the two survey pilots conducted prior to and post-pandemic. RESULTS: The main differences in terms of methodology for both pilots stemmed from differences in the survey mode, including questionnaire length, study recruitment method, and fielding team size and structure. These factors influenced response rates and costs. However, the lifetime prevalence estimates and other key indicators of survey results did not differ across modes. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings confirm the comparability of data collected via telephone and face-to-face modes, supporting the adoption of telephone surveys for future mental health studies, particularly in the context of pandemics. They also confirm the feasibility of changing or mixing modes depending on field conditions in future psychiatric epidemiological research.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Catar/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Adulto , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem , Entrevistas como Assunto , Telefone , Saúde Mental , Adolescente , Prevalência
4.
Scand J Pain ; 24(1)2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716692

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the resource use and costs associated with the co-creation of a physical activity plan for persons with chronic widespread pain (CWP) followed by support through a digital platform, compared to telephone follow-up. METHODS: In this 12-month cost comparison study following up results after a randomized controlled trial, individuals with CWP, aged 20-65 years, were recruited at primary healthcare units in Western Sweden. All participants developed a person-centered health-enhancing physical activity plan together with a physiotherapist. Participants were then randomized to either an intervention group (n = 69) who had a follow-up visit after 2 weeks and was thereafter supported through a digital platform, or an active control group (n = 70) that was followed up through one phone call after a month. Costs to the health system were salary costs for the time recorded by physiotherapists when delivering the interventions. RESULTS: The reported time per person (2.8 h during the 12 months) corresponded to costs of SEK 958 (range: 746-1,517) for the initial visits and follow-up (both study groups), and an additional 2.5 h (corresponding to a mean SEK 833; range: 636-1,257) for the time spent in the digital platform to support the intervention group. CONCLUSION: After co-creation of a physical activity plan, it was more costly to support persons through a digital platform, compared to telephone follow-up.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Exercício Físico , Telefone , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Crônica/terapia , Dor Crônica/economia , Adulto , Masculino , Feminino , Suécia , Idoso , Seguimentos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Rev Med Suisse ; 20(873): 914-919, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716997

RESUMO

In primary care medicine for adult or pediatric populations, phone calls from patients or parents are common. The variety of questions is broad, going from simple administrative requests to life-threatening emergencies. The safety of the patient is the main priority when answering these calls. In opposition to emergency departments in hospitals where numerous well-defined triage systems (for example, Swiss Emergency Triage Scale), including clinical exam with vital signs, have been used, it is difficult to find practical guidelines for a safe and efficient phone triage in medical practices. Swiss pediatricians already use a triage book to help them assess the need for emergency care for their young patients. A similar type of resource would be helpful for a safe management of calls in adult medicine.


En cabinet de médecine de famille, adulte ou pédiatrique, les appels téléphoniques de patients ou de leurs proches sont nombreux. Leurs questions sont variées, allant de la simple requête administrative à l'urgence vitale. La sécurité du patient reste la priorité principale dans les réponses apportées lors de ces appels. Contrairement aux systèmes d'urgences hospitalières utilisant de multiples échelles de tri comprenant un examen clinique de base avec signes vitaux (par exemple, Échelle suisse de tri), il existe peu de stratégies pour un triage efficace et sûr en médecine de cabinet. Les pédiatres suisses utilisent actuellement un guide au triage téléphonique visant à cibler correctement les besoins urgents de soins pour leurs jeunes patients. Un équivalent pour la médecine adulte serait une aide supplémentaire pour une prise en charge en toute sécurité.


Assuntos
Atenção Primária à Saúde , Telefone , Triagem , Triagem/métodos , Triagem/normas , Triagem/organização & administração , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Atenção Primária à Saúde/normas , Suíça , Adulto , Criança , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/normas , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(18): e37794, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the effect of telephone and short-message follow-ups on compliance and efficacy in asthmatic children treated with inhaled corticosteroids. METHODS: A total of 120 children with moderate bronchial asthma who visited the Asthma Outpatient Department of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were enrolled in the study. They were divided randomly into 3 groups based on the type of follow-up given: a combined telephone and short-message service (Tel + SMS) group, a SMS group, and a control group. After being followed up for 12 weeks, each child's asthma control level was assessed and their lung function was measured. RESULTS: The compliance rates of children in the Tel + SMS group and SMS group were 86.49% and 56.25%, respectively. The total effective rates of these 2 groups (94.59% and 75.0%, respectively) were significantly higher than the rate of the control group (P < .01). The lung function indicators of the children in all 3 groups were better than those before treatment, although only the Tel + SMS group and SMS group improved significantly (P < .05). The lung function indicators of the large and small airways in the Tel + SMS group and the SMS group were also significantly better than those of the control group (P < .01). The results of the study suggest that 1 of the causes of poor compliance in asthmatic children is fear of an adverse reaction to inhaled corticosteroids. CONCLUSION: Telephone and short-message follow-ups can increase compliance with inhaled corticosteroid treatment and improve the asthma control levels and lung function of asthmatic children.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides , Asma , Telefone , Humanos , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Administração por Inalação , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Testes de Função Respiratória , Antiasmáticos/administração & dosagem , Antiasmáticos/uso terapêutico , Antiasmáticos/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Pré-Escolar
7.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 246, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clarifying the dimensions and characteristics of obstetric telephone triage is important in improving the quality of services in the health system because researchers can evaluate the effectiveness of treatment, care and diagnostic measures in the form of obstetric telephone triage by developing a guideline. Therefore, this study aimed to design an Obstetric Telephone Triage Guideline (OTTG) using a mixed-method study. METHODS: The present study was carried out using an exploratory sequential mixed method study in two qualitative and quantitative phases. An inductive-deductive approach was also used to determine the concept of obstetric telephone triage. In this respect, a qualitative study and a literature review were used in the inductive and deductive stages, respectively. Moreover, the validity of the developed guideline was confirmed based on experts' opinions and results of the AGREE II tool. RESULTS: The guideline included the items for evaluating the severity of obstetric symptoms at five levels including "critical", "urgent", "less urgent", "no urgent", and "recommendations". The validity of the guideline was approved at 96%, 95%, 97%, 95%, 93%, and 100% for six dimensions of AGREE II including scope and purpose, stakeholder involvement, the rigor of development, clarity of presentation, applicability, and editorial independence, respectively. CONCLUSION: The OTTG is a clinically comprehensive, easy-to-use, practical, and valid tool. This guideline is a standardized tool for evaluating the severity of symptoms and determining the urgency for obstetrics triage services. By using this integrated and uniform guideline, personal biases can be avoided, leading to improved performance and ensuring that patients are not overlooked. Additionally, the use of OTTG promotes independent decision-making and reduces errors in triage decision-making.


Assuntos
Telefone , Triagem , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Triagem/métodos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
8.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1113, 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38649843

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Multiple modalities and frequencies of contact are needed to maximize recruitment in many public health surveys. The purpose of this analysis is to characterize respondents to a statewide SARS-CoV-2 testing study whose participation followed either postcard, phone outreach or electronic means of invitation. In addition, we examine how participant characteristics differ based upon the number of contacts needed to elicit participation. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of survey data collected from participants who were randomly selected to represent Indiana residents and were invited to be tested for Covid-19 in April 2020. Participants received invitations via postcard, text/emails, and/or robocalls/texts based upon available contact information. The modality, and frequency of contacts, that prompted participation was determined by when the notification was sent and when the participant responded and subsequently registered to participate in the study. Chi square analyses were used to determine differences between groups and significant findings were analyzed using multinomial logistic regression. RESULTS: Respondents included 3,658 individuals and were stratified by postcards (7.9%), text/emails (26.5%), and robocalls/text (65.7%) with 19.7% registering after 1 contact, 47.9% after 2 contacts, and 32.4% after 3 contacts encouraging participation. Females made up 54.6% of the sample and responded at a higher rate for postcards (8.2% vs. 7.5%) and text/emails (28.1 vs. 24.6%) as compared to males (χ2 = 7.43, p = 0.025). Compared to males, females responded at a higher percentage after 1 contact (21.4 vs. 17.9%, χ2 = 7.6, p = 0.023). Those over 60 years responded most often after 2 contacts (χ2 = 27.5, p < 0.001) when compared to others at younger age groups. In regression analysis, participant sex (p = 0.036) age (p = 0.005), educational attainment (p = < 0.0001), and being motivated by "free testing" (p = 0.036) were correlated with participation in the prevalence study. DISCUSSION: Researchers should be aware that the modality of contact as well as the number of prompts used could influence differential participation in public health studies. Our findings can inform researchers developing studies that rely on selective participation by study subjects. We explore how to increase participation within targeted demographic groups using specific modalities and examining frequency of contact.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indiana/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Idoso , SARS-CoV-2 , Prevalência , Telefone , Correio Eletrônico/estatística & dados numéricos , Envio de Mensagens de Texto/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Teste para COVID-19/estatística & dados numéricos , Busca de Comunicante/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Postais , Seleção de Pacientes
9.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 43(4): 548-556, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560794

RESUMO

Effective screening and referral practices for perinatal mental health disorders, perinatal substance use disorders (SUDs), and intimate partner violence are greatly needed to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality. We conducted a randomized controlled trial from January 2021 to April 2023 comparing outcomes between Listening to Women and Pregnant and Postpartum People (LTWP), a text- and telephone-based screening and referral program, and usual care in-person screening and referral within the perinatal care setting. Participants assigned to LTWP were three times more likely to be screened compared with those assigned to usual care. Among participants completing a screen, those assigned to LTWP were 3.1 times more likely to screen positive, 4.4 times more likely to be referred to treatment, and 5.7 times more likely to attend treatment compared with those assigned to usual care. This study demonstrates that text- and telephone-based screening and referral systems may improve rates of screening, identification, and attendance to treatment for perinatal mental health disorders and perinatal SUDs compared with traditional in-person screening and referral systems. System-level changes and complementary policies and insurance payments to support adoption of effective text- and telephone-based screening and referral programs are needed.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Período Pós-Parto , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle , Telefone , Encaminhamento e Consulta
10.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 43(4): 557-566, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560809

RESUMO

Perinatal psychiatry access programs offer a scalable approach to building the capacity of perinatal professionals to identify, assess, and treat mental health conditions. Little is known about access programs' implementation and the relative merits of differing approaches. We conducted surveys and semistructured interviews with access program staff and reviewed policy and procedure documents from the fifteen access programs that had been implemented in the United States as of March 2021, when the study was conducted. Since then, the number of access programs has grown to thirty state, regional, or national programs. Access programs implemented up to five program components, including telephone consultation with a perinatal psychiatry expert, one-time patient-facing consultation with a perinatal psychiatry expert, resource and referral to perinatal professionals or patients, trainings for perinatal professionals, and practice-level technical assistance. Characterizing population-based intervention models, such as perinatal psychiatry access programs, that address perinatal mental health conditions is a needed step toward evaluating and improving programs' implementation, reach, and effectiveness.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Mental , Psiquiatria , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Saúde Mental , Telefone
11.
Assist Inferm Ric ; 43(1): 26-34, 2024.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572705

RESUMO

. The telephone follow-up by a nurse case manager in major surgery. A prospective observational study. INTRODUCTION: One of the methods used in case management is a structured telephone follow-up, helpful in improving patient satisfaction, supporting autonomy, and addressing information needs post-discharge. OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of nursing case management and post-hospital telephone follow-up in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. METHOD: Single-centre prospective observational study. All consecutive patients undergoing major abdominal surgery from April 2021 to May 2022 were included. Symptoms and nursing care needs during the post-discharge period, along with case management interventions, were described. RESULTS: Of the 205 patients included in the study, 89.8% underwent elective surgery and 135 (65.9%) did not develop postoperative complications, with a median hospital stay of 8 days. 182 (88.8%) patients reported at least one postoperative symptom, with fatigue, altered bowel movements, pain, and lack of appetite being the most common. Interventions provided by the case manager decreased progressively over time, from 149 at the first telephone contact (72%) to 44 at the third (25%). A total of 22 patients (10.7%) were readmitted to the hospital, 12 of whom on the recommendation of the case manager. CONCLUSIONS: After discharge, patients experience numerous issues: although the symptoms encountered are common during the post-operative period, they often require support beyond the patient's capacity. The intervention of the case manager with information and support for self-management of symptoms enabled the early identification of risk situations.


Assuntos
Gerentes de Casos , Alta do Paciente , Humanos , Seguimentos , Assistência ao Convalescente , Telefone
12.
Sr Care Pharm ; 39(5): 178-184, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38685617

RESUMO

Previous studies in the ambulatory care setting have shown inconsistent results in regard to, or with respect to pharmacist telephonic transitions of care (TOC) encounters and reduction in 30-day readmission rates. No studies that have been completed within an accountable care organization (ACO) evaluating the impact of telephonic TOC encounters performed by a pharmacist have been identified. The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of clinical pharmacy telephonic TOC encounters on readmission rates within a primary care-based ACO. In this retrospective chart review, data for those who had a pharmacist telephonic TOC encounter and those who had an attempt were collected. The primary outcome of this study was all-cause 30-day readmission rate. Secondary outcomes included 30-day readmission rate for targeted disease states, time to readmission, and readmission reason the same as previous discharge reason. For subjects who received a telephonic TOC encounter, pharmacist intervention type and provider acceptance of intervention(s) were described. For the final analysis, 154 encounters were included, 83 encounters in the telephonic TOC encounter group, and 71 did not receive a telephonic TOC encounter. The 30-day readmission rates were similar among those who received a telephonic TOC encounter and those who did not: the difference was not significant (15.7% vs. 28.2%; P = 0.059). There was also no statistical difference in the secondary outcomes. Even so, the results of this study suggest that performing a pharmacist telephonic TOC encounter in a primary care-based ACO setting has the potential to reduce 30-day readmission rates and further research appears to be warranted in this important area of practice.


Assuntos
Organizações de Assistência Responsáveis , Readmissão do Paciente , Farmacêuticos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Humanos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Feminino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transferência de Pacientes , Papel Profissional , Telefone
14.
World J Surg ; 48(5): 1266-1270, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441293

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One third of South African children live in households with no employed adult. Telemedicine may save patients and the strained public health sector significant resources. We aimed to determine the safety and benefits of telephonic post-operative follow-up of patients who presented for day case surgery at CHBAH from 1 January-31 March 2023. METHODS: A prospective descriptive study on patients undergoing day case surgery was performed. Healthy patients greater than 6 years old whose caregivers spoke English and had access to a smartphone were included. Data on the total number of telephonic follow-ups, operative complications, need for in person review, satisfaction with telephonic follow-up, and savings in transport costs and time by avoiding in person follow-up were collected. RESULTS: A total of 38 telephonic follow-ups were performed. Six (15.8%) patients presented for in person review due to the detection of major complications (2, 5.3%), minor complications (2, 5.3%), and parental concern (2, 5.3%) during telephonic follow-up. All caregivers reported being satisfied with telephonic follow-up. Total savings in transport costs were R4452 (US $ 248.45). The majority of patients (29, 76.3%) had at least one unemployed parent. Seven caregivers (18.4%) avoided taking paid leave and 2 (5.3%) unpaid leave from work due to follow-up being performed telephonically. CONCLUSIONS: Innovation is necessary in order to expand access to safe, affordable, and timely care. In this selected group, telephonic follow-up was a safe, acceptable, and cost-effective intervention. The expansion of such a program has the potential for significant savings for patients and the healthcare system.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios , Telemedicina , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Criança , Feminino , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/economia , África do Sul , Telemedicina/economia , Telefone , Seguimentos , Adolescente , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/economia , Assistência ao Convalescente/economia , Assistência ao Convalescente/métodos
15.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 140: 107487, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: EPIC (Empowering People to Independence in COPD) is a geriatric-palliative care telephonic, nurse coach intervention informed by Baltes' Theory of Successful Aging and adapted from the ENABLE (Educate, Nurture, Advise, Before Life Ends) intervention. EPIC, focused on improving independence, mobility, well-being, and COPD symptoms, has undergone formative and summative evaluation for adults with COPD. METHODS: The primary study aim is to assess the refined EPIC intervention's feasibility and acceptability via a pilot hybrid effectiveness-implementation randomized control trial in community-dwelling older adults with moderate to severe COPD and their family caregivers. The secondary aim is to explore the impact of EPIC on patient and caregiver outcomes. Older adults with COPD and their family caregivers (target N = 60 dyads) will be randomized to EPIC (intervention) or usual COPD care (control). EPIC includes six patient and four family caregiver weekly, telephone-based nurse coach sessions using a manualized curriculum (Charting Your Course), plus three monthly follow-up calls. Feasibility will be measured as completion of EPIC intervention and trial components (e.g., recruitment, retention, data collection). Acceptability will be evaluated using satisfaction surveys and post-study feedback interviews. A blinded data collector will assess exploratory outcomes (e.g., Life-Space mobility, quality of life, caregiver burden, emotional symptoms, loneliness, cognitive impairment, functional status, healthcare utilization) at baseline, 12, and 24 weeks. DISCUSSION: This intervention fills a gap in addressing the geriatrics and palliative care needs and equity for adults with COPD and their family caregivers. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05040386.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Cuidados Paliativos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Cuidadores/psicologia , Vida Independente , Tutoria/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/organização & administração , Projetos Piloto , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/enfermagem , Telefone , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
16.
BMJ Open ; 14(3): e078787, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The ambulance service plays a pivotal role in the provision of care in out-of-hospital maternity emergencies. Telephone triage of this patient group is complex and must be sensitive to an emergency situation to prevent unnecessary delays in treatment. This study aimed to explore emergency medical dispatchers' (EMDs) perceptions of the structured protocol they use. DESIGN: Voluntary participation in semistructured phenomenological focus groups. The participants were asked to discuss their experiences of using Medical Priority Dispatch System Protocol 24 (pregnancy, childbirth and miscarriage). Thematic analysis was applied to code and group topics. Discussion between the EMDs is presented for each theme and their experiences, including quotes, are presented to offer an overview of the maternity protocol and its use. SETTING: A large urban UK ambulance service. PARTICIPANTS: 23 control room staff. RESULTS: Perceptions of maternity emergencies, challenges with key questions, the need for sensitivity surrounding miscarriage, using prearrival instructions and postdispatch instructions to help patients and ideas for additional ProQA functionality emerged as the five overarching themes. Protocol 24 was considered to reflect many of the clinical factors EMDs associate with maternity emergencies although further factors, including some non-clinical, were suggested for inclusion. Miscarriage and termination-related calls were thought to be challenging as the language of the protocol is designed for pregnancy. However, instructions were generally considered well written and user-friendly, although some were thought to be unnecessary. EMDs were largely positive regarding the ProQA software, but felt backward navigation was difficult if a situation changed. CONCLUSIONS: Maternity calls were considered rewarding but complex by EMDs. We suggest changes including the use of more sensitive language in response to miscarriage and termination and make recommendations for the omission and inclusion of specific instructions, as well as enhancements to key questions and functionality. Further research is needed to ensure focus group findings are generalisable to other services, particularly in other countries.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Operador de Emergência Médica , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Triagem/métodos , Sistemas de Comunicação entre Serviços de Emergência , Grupos Focais , Emergências , Telefone , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541255

RESUMO

(1) This paper aims to propose a telematic method for assessing the state of disability by a social worker member of the Medico-Legal Commissions of INPS. (2) We have proceeded to delve into and compare the current methods with new strategies to enhance the experience linked to the assessment of the status of disability in terms of timing and accessibility, eliminating the need for a direct visit. (3) The proposed protocol can be applied in cases where patients cannot be physically moved, following a medical visit at home, and when the mere evaluation of documents is sufficient. In both cases, a remote session with the Commission is necessary to fill in the required information about the socio-environmental section. This protocol can be applied to different platforms such as Skype™ since it is free and widely used throughout the country. (4) It should be noted that telemedicine solutions cannot completely replace face-to-face interaction; however, in some limited cases, they can optimize the process and timing, avoiding the need to move or interact only by telephone.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Telemedicina , Humanos , Telemedicina/métodos , Itália , Telefone
19.
Nutrients ; 16(6)2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542674

RESUMO

The continuous increase in life expectancy leads to progressive population ageing, especially in most developed countries. A healthy diet and better consumption of tailored functional foods may represent one of the strategies to postpone or slow down age-related decrements, thus increasing healthy ageing and reducing healthcare costs. This research aimed to explore elderly people's (>65 years old) eating habits and assess their awareness of food-health correlation. In total, 511 Italian seniors answered a CATI (computer-assisted telephone interviewing) questionnaire through a deep, telephone interview to collect information about dietary habits, healthy food awareness, and inclination for functional foods. The elderly were divided into four groups according to gender and age: Early Elderly Female (n = 130), Early Elderly Men (n = 109), Late Elderly Female (n = 157), and Late Elderly Men (n = 115). The groups provided a positive self-assessment of health status and individual diet healthiness, which were both considered over "good enough" (5 on 10-point scale) and showed food consumption habits in line with the Mediterranean Diet (MD) principles. The daily diet was based on fruits, vegetables, bread, and pasta, with extra virgin olive oil as the main fat source, all over "often" consumed (4 on 5-point scale). Old people also showed awareness of different food's healthy properties. Specifically, females were more aware of food's impact on health, considered close to "extremely healthy" (9 on 10-point scale), and strictly followed a MD. Participants also expressed optimistic expectations about functional food efficiency, evaluated as close to "extremely desirable" (8 or 9 on 10-point scale), against age-related problems, highlighting the most important as diabetes, overweight, intestine problems, and low mood. The interviewed elderly were also involved in virtual functional food co-creation, indicating through a basic matrix which, among the most familiar foods, could be the ideal functional food, focusing on fruitsand vegetables. A pleasant odor/flavor, a liquid texture, and a warm serving temperature rather than cold characterized the virtual functional food created. Other positive attributes were liquid and thickness, while acidity and bitterness were among the least desired traits. These findings show how elderly people, despite predictable age-related sensory and cognitive loss, when properly involved and guided, can help envision foods that fit their needs and desires.


Assuntos
Dieta Mediterrânea , Alimento Funcional , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Comportamento Alimentar , Dieta , Verduras , Itália , Telefone , Computadores
20.
J Vasc Nurs ; 42(1): 35-43, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555176

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Screening for cardiovascular disease (CVD) followed by preventive medication is expected to reduce CVD (2,3,5). However, insufficient medication adherence may affect screening effectiveness (11-12). It remains uncertain which interventions are suitable to support citizens in their decision-making about taking CVD preventive medication. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated if and how three nurse-led telephone follow-up (TFU) calls supported citizens in making informed decisions regarding CVD preventive medication and thereby potentially strengthened their medication adherence. METHODS: Employing a theory-based evaluation design inspired by Dahler-Larsen (39-41), we developed and tested a programme theory describing if and how the TFU calls supported medical decision-making and potentially improved medication adherence. Data were collected via telephone. FINDINGS: We analysed 61 TFU calls collected between May 2017 and April 2019 and found that TFU calls supported participants' reflections on preventive medication. TFU calls supported informed decision-making regarding initiating medication, allowing participants to consider personal preferences and values, including both opting for and abstaining from medication. The content of the TFU calls revolved around four crucial themes: I) understanding the purpose of taking the medicine; II) meaningfulness and joint reflection support the decision; III) relation to healthcare professionals; and IV) taking medication for the first time. CONCLUSION: TFU calls effectively supported citizens' understanding and addressed their needs. Trusted healthcare professionals' recommendations were preferred for decisional support. Initiating CVD preventive medication was particularly challenging for citizens who had not previously taken such medication. We recommend scheduling TFU calls early: the first after one week, the second after one month and the third after six months.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Humanos , Seguimentos , Telefone , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Adesão à Medicação
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