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1.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(1): 145-152, 2024 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615176

RESUMO

Childhood household dysfunction (CHD) is a common adverse childhood experience, which brings the heavy physical and mental afflictions to children and adolescents. Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) is an evidence-based psychotherapy that helps children and adolescents who have experienced childhood trauma with traumatic memories. It aims to enhance the coping abilities of CHD children and adolescents, thereby improving the negative effects caused by trauma and effectively reducing psychological burden. TF-CBT can effectively improve post-traumatic stress disorder, emotional and behavioral problems, and family function in children and adolescents with CHD. It is recommended to conduct high-quality original research in the future, develop targeted TF-CBT intervention plans based on potential predictive factors, adopt a combination of online and offline methods, and construct TF-CBT interventions suitable for the Chinese CHD population to meet the mental health service needs of CHD children and adolescents.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , 60670 , Emoções , Exame Físico , População do Leste Asiático
2.
Trials ; 25(1): 266, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: About one third of patients with depression are in a condition that can be termed as "difficult-to-treat". Some evidence suggests that difficult-to-treat depression is associated with a higher frequency of childhood trauma and comorbid personality disorders or accentuated features. However, the condition is understudied, and the effects of psychotherapy for difficult-to-treat depression are currently uncertain. The aim of this trial is to investigate the beneficial and harmful effects of 30 sessions of individual schema therapy versus treatment as usual for difficult-to-treat depression in the Danish secondary, public mental health sector. METHODS: In this randomized, multi-centre, parallel-group, superiority clinical trial, 129 outpatients with difficult-to-treat depression will be randomized (1:1) to 30 sessions of individual schema therapy or treatment as usual; in this context mainly group-based, short-term cognitive behaviour or psychodynamic therapy. The primary outcome is the change from baseline in depressive symptoms 12 months after randomization, measured on the observer-rated 6-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression. The secondary outcomes are health-related quality of life assessed with the European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions 5 Level Version, functional impairment assessed with the Work and Social Adjustment Scale, psychological wellbeing assessed with the WHO-5 Well-being Index, and negative effects of treatment assessed with the Negative Effects Questionnaire. Exploratory outcomes are improvement on patient self-defined outcomes, personal recovery, anxiety symptoms, anger reactions, metacognitive beliefs about anger, and perseverative negative thinking. Outcomes will be assessed at 6, 12, and 24 months after randomization; the 12-month time-point being the primary time-point of interest. Outcome assessors performing the depression-rating, data managers, statisticians, the data safety and monitoring committee, and conclusion makers for the outcome article will be blinded to treatment allocation and results. To assess cost-effectiveness of the intervention, a health economic analysis will be performed. DISCUSSION: This trial will provide evidence on the beneficial and harmful effects, as well as the cost-effectiveness of schema therapy versus treatment as usual for outpatients with difficult-to-treat depression. The results can potentially improve treatment for a large and understudied patient group. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT05833087. Registered on 15th April 2023 (approved without prompts for revision on 27th April 2023).


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Depressão , Humanos , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/terapia , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Terapia do Esquema , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto
3.
Eur J Psychotraumatol ; 15(1): 2335796, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629400

RESUMO

Background: Sudden gains, defined as large and stable improvements of psychopathological symptoms, are a ubiquitous phenomenon in psychotherapy. They have been shown to occur across several clinical contexts and to be associated with better short-term and long-term treatment outcome. However, the approach of sudden gains has been criticized for its tautological character: sudden gains are included in the computation of treatment outcomes, ultimately resulting in a circular conclusion. Furthermore, some authors criticize sudden gains as merely being random fluctuations.Objective: Use of efficient methods to evaluate whether the amount of sudden gains in a given sample lies above chance level.Method: We used permutation tests in a sample of 85 patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treated with trauma-focused cognitive behaviour therapy in routine clinical care. Scores of self-reported PTSD symptom severity were permuted 10.000 times within sessions and between participants to receive a random distribution.Results: Altogether, 18 participants showed a total of 24 sudden gains within the first 20 sessions. The permutation test yielded that the frequency of sudden gains was not beyond chance level. No significant predictors of sudden gains were identified and sudden gains in general were not predictive of treatment outcome. However, subjects with early sudden gains had a significantly lower symptom severity after treatment.Conclusions: Our data suggest that a significant proportion of sudden gains are due to chance. Further research is needed on the differential effects of early and late sudden gains.


Treatment-related sudden gains exhibit clinical significance when their manifestation is above chance level.We used permutation tests to examine their occurrence in trauma-focused cognitive behaviour therapy as applied in a naturalistic treatment setting.The occurrence of sudden gains in general was not significantly higher than chance, yet early sudden gains were associated with improved treatment outcome.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Humanos , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Psicoterapia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Autorrelato
4.
Rev Med Suisse ; 20(870): 797-801, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630040

RESUMO

Adolescence is a vulnerable period for mental health. It is not easy to make a precise diagnosis during this period, as young people may present attenuated forms of psychiatric pathology, or on the contrary, a combination of several types of difficulties. Adopting a transdiagnostic and dimensional approach, based on clinical stages, and thus proposing interventions adapted to the severity of symptoms, is pertinent. As emotional dysregulation lies at the heart of many pathologies, it is a prime target for early intervention. Although interventions for adolescents are still underdeveloped, certain approaches derived from cognitive-behavioral therapies and the psychodynamic current have been adapted for adolescents and appear promising.


L'adolescence constitue une période vulnérable pour la santé mentale. Poser un diagnostic précis durant cette période n'est pas aisé car les jeunes peuvent présenter des formes atténuées de pathologies psychiatriques, ou, au contraire, une combinaison de plusieurs types de difficultés. Adopter une approche transdiagnostique et dimensionnelle, en fonction de stades cliniques, et ainsi proposer des interventions adaptées à la sévérité des symptômes est pertinent. La dysrégulation émotionnelle étant au cœur de nombreuses pathologies, elle est une cible de premier choix pour des interventions précoces. Bien que les interventions pour les adolescents soient encore peu développées, certaines approches issues des thérapies cognitivo-comportementales et du courant psychodynamique ont été adaptées pour les adolescents et semblent prometteuses.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Regulação Emocional , Humanos , Adolescente , Coração , Saúde Mental
6.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(4): e245841, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619842

RESUMO

Importance: Physical diseases co-occur with late-life depression (LLD). The influence of physical diseases and the subjective perception of physical health (PPH) on treatment outcome in LLD, however, is not well understood. Objective: To assess the association of physical diseases and PPH with the outcomes of 2 different types of psychotherapy in LLD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This post hoc secondary analysis of a multicenter, observer-blinded, controlled, parallel-group randomized clinical trial assessed participants 60 years or older with moderate to severe depression recruited at 7 psychiatric-psychotherapeutic outpatient trial sites in Germany from October 1, 2018, to November 11, 2020. Data analysis was performed from April 1 to October 31, 2023. Interventions: Patients received LLD-specific cognitive behavioral therapy (LLD-CBT) or supportive unspecific intervention (SUI). Main Outcomes and Measures: Depression severity, response, and remission were measured during treatment and at 6-month follow-up by the change in the 30-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) score. Physical health and PPH were assessed by the number of physical diseases, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief Version physical health subscale. Results: A total of 251 patients were randomized to LLD-CBT (n = 126) or SUI (n = 125), of whom 229 (mean [SD] age, 70.2 [7.1] years; 151 [66%] female) were included in the intention-to-treat analysis. Patients with low and moderate PPH at baseline had significantly less reduction in the GDS score across both treatment groups than patients with high PPH (estimated marginal mean difference [EMMD], 2.67; 95% CI, 0.37-4.97; P = .02 for low PPH and EMMD, 1.82; 95% CI, 0.22-3.42; P = .03 for moderate vs high PPH). Higher PPH at baseline was associated with higher likelihood of response (odds ratio [OR], 1.04; 95% CI, 1.00-1.06; P = .009) and remission at the end of treatment (OR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.02-1.08; P = .002) and response (OR, 1.05; 95% CI, 1.02-1.08; P < .001) and remission at follow-up (OR, 1.06; 95% CI, 1.03-1.10; P < .001) across both treatment groups. However, a significant interaction of PPH with treatment group was observed with low PPH at baseline being associated with significantly larger reduction in GDS scores in SUI compared with LLD-CBT at the end of treatment (EMMD, -6.48; 95% CI, -11.31 to -1.64; P = .009) and follow-up (EMMD, -6.49; 95% CI, -11.51 to -1.47; P = .01). In contrast, patients with high PPH at baseline had a significantly greater reduction in GDS scores in LLD-CBT compared with SUI at all time points (week 5: EMMD, -4.08; 95% CI, -6.49 to -1.67; P = .001; end-of-treatment: EMMD, -3.67; 95% CI, -6.72 to -0.61; P = .02; and follow-up: EMMD, -3.57; 95% CI, -6.63 to -0.51; P = .02). The number of physical diseases or CCI at baseline did not have an effect on the change in GDS score, response, or remission, neither across both groups nor within either group. Conclusions and Relevance: In this secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial, subjective PPH was associated with treatment outcome, response, and remission in psychotherapy of LLD. Patients with LLD responded differently to LLD-CBT and SUI, depending on their baseline PPH score. Treatment approaches for patients with LLD should address PPH in personalized interventions. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03735576; Deutsches Register Klinischer Studien Identifier: DRKS00013769.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Depressão , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Masculino , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Psicoterapia , Análise de Dados
7.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299803, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are common and debilitating which is why treatment is so important. According to the guidelines, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has the highest level of effectiveness among psychotherapeutic treatments and is the recommended procedure. However, not everyone responds well or at all to CBT which makes a wider range of therapy options valuable. Positive Psychotherapy (PPT) comes to mind as an alternative with its strength-based approach focusing on enhancing well-being and life satisfaction. Additionally, it has not yet been extensively studied how the processes that occur during treatment sessions and between treatment sessions effect treatment outcome. Thus, to lessen the lack of evidence regarding the efficacy of PPT as an anxiety treatment the planned study examines and compares the effectiveness of CBT and PPT as well as the effect of intrasession and intersession processes of the two therapy approaches. METHOD: The study is in the planning stage and consists of an efficacy and a process study. The efficacy study is a randomized controlled comparative study of patients with anxiety disorders (generalized anxiety disorder and/or panic disorder with or without agoraphobia) with two active treatment conditions (PPT and CBT) and a control group (CG; positive psychotherapy with minimal therapeutic supervision) in an online group setting. There are three measurement time points: before treatment begins (T0), at the end of the ten-week treatment (T1), and a follow-up after three months (T2). The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of PPT and CBT in the treatment of anxiety disorders, and to compare the efficacy of online-based PPT with minimal therapeutic supervision and online-based PPT with intensive therapeutic supervision in the treatment of anxiety disorders. The process study will be used to evaluate both the intrasession processes and the intersession processes of the therapy in the two intervention groups. In addition, the process variables that predict the success of the therapy and the extent to which PPT and CBT differ in the therapy processes will be tested. The study is registered at the German Clinical Trial Register (№ DRKS00027521). DISCUSSION: To our knowledge, this is the first randomized controlled comparative study to examine the effectiveness of CBT and PPT for anxiety disorders in an online group setting.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Humanos , Transtornos de Ansiedade/terapia , Psicoterapia , Ansiedade/terapia , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Agorafobia/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
8.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301606, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prompt access to evidence-based treatment for children and young people with eating disorders is important for outcomes, yet the gap in service provision remains pervasive. Record levels of young people are waiting for eating disorder treatment and access to care is limited. Guided self-help interventions that are brief and require minimal clinician support have the potential to meet the unprecedented demand for treatment quickly and effectively. OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility, acceptability and proof of concept of a novel, CBT guided self-help intervention for children and young people with threshold and subthreshold eating disorders. METHODS: A single-arm, proof-of-concept pilot study of the CBT guided self-help intervention will be conducted. Children and young people (aged 11-19) with threshold and subthreshold eating disorders will receive a self-help intervention covering the core components of CBT, supported by 8 weekly guidance sessions delivered remotely. Clinical outcomes (eating-related psychopathology and associated impairment, changes in weight, depression, anxiety, and behavioural difficulties) will be assessed at baseline and post-intervention (12 weeks). Feasibility and acceptability of the intervention will be measured using various outcomes, including adherence to, and engagement with the intervention, rates of recruitment and retention, measure completion and treatment satisfaction. Qualitative data will also be collected for future intervention refinement. DISCUSSION: If the intervention is shown to produce clinical benefits in this pilot study, a fully powered randomised pilot study will be warranted with the ultimate goal of increasing access to psychological treatment for children and young people threshold and subthreshold eating disorders. ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION: This study protocol (S1 File) adheres to the guidelines outlined in the Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) checklist for trial protocols [1, 2] which can be found in S1 Checklist. The numbers in parentheses in this protocol correspond to the item numbers in the SPIRIT checklist. The order of items has been modified to group similar items.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Criança , Humanos , Adolescente , Projetos Piloto , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Ansiedade , Autocuidado , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
9.
JMIR Ment Health ; 11: e53998, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder affects approximately 1 in 5 adults during their lifetime and is the leading cause of disability worldwide. Yet, a minority receive adequate treatment due to person-level (eg, geographical distance to providers) and systems-level (eg, shortage of trained providers) barriers. Digital tools could improve this treatment gap by reducing the time and frequency of therapy sessions needed for effective treatment through the provision of flexible, automated support. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary clinical effect of Mindset for Depression, a deployment-ready 8-week smartphone-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) supported by brief teletherapy appointments with a therapist. METHODS: This 8-week, single-arm open trial tested the Mindset for Depression app when combined with 8 brief (16-25 minutes) video conferencing visits with a licensed doctoral-level CBT therapist (n=28 participants). The app offers flexible, accessible psychoeducation, CBT skills practice, and support to patients as well as clinician guidance to promote sustained engagement, monitor safety, and tailor treatment to individual patient needs. To increase accessibility and thus generalizability, all study procedures were conducted remotely. Feasibility and acceptability were assessed via attrition, patient expectations and feedback, and treatment utilization. The primary clinical outcome measure was the clinician-rated Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, administered at pretreatment, midpoint, and posttreatment. Secondary measures of functional impairment and quality of life as well as maintenance of gains (3-month follow-up) were also collected. RESULTS: Treatment credibility (week 4), expectancy (week 4), and satisfaction (week 8) were moderate to high, and attrition was low (n=2, 7%). Participants self-reported using the app or practicing (either on or off the app) the CBT skills taught in the app for a median of 50 (IQR 30-60; week 4) or 60 (IQR 30-90; week 8) minutes per week; participants accessed the app on an average 36.8 (SD 10.0) days and completed a median of 7 of 8 (IQR 6-8) steps by the week 8 assessment. The app was rated positively across domains of engagement, functionality, aesthetics, and information. Participants' depression severity scores decreased from an average Hamilton Depression Rating Scale score indicating moderate depression (mean 19.1, SD 5.0) at baseline to a week 8 mean score indicating mild depression (mean 10.8, SD 6.1; d=1.47; P<.001). Improvement was also observed for functional impairment and quality of life. Gains were maintained at 3-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The results show that Mindset for Depression is a feasible and acceptable treatment option for individuals with major depressive disorder. This smartphone-led treatment holds promise to be an efficacious, scalable, and cost-effective treatment option. The next steps include testing Mindset for Depression in a fully powered randomized controlled trial and real-world clinical settings. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT05386329; https://clinicaltrials.gov/study/NCT05386329?term=NCT05386329.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Aplicativos Móveis , Adulto , Humanos , Depressão/terapia , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/terapia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Qualidade de Vida
10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8010, 2024 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580745

RESUMO

Intensive lifestyle interventions are effective in preventing T2DM, but evidence is lacking for high cardiometabolic individuals in hospital settings. We evaluated a hospital-based, diabetes prevention program integrating cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for individuals with prediabetes. This matched cohort assessed individuals with prediabetes receiving the prevention program, which were matched 1:1 with those receiving standard care. The year-long program included five in-person sessions and several online sessions covering prediabetes self-management, dietary and behavioral interventions. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression models estimated the 60-month T2DM incidence rate. Of 192 patients, 190 joined the prevention program, while 190 out of 10,260 individuals were in the standard-care group. Both groups had similar baseline characteristics (mean age 58.9 ± 10.2 years, FPG 102.3 ± 8.2 mg/dL, HbA1c 5.9 ± 0.3%, BMI 26.2 kg/m2, metabolic syndrome 75%, and ASCVD 6.3%). After 12 months, the intervention group only showed significant decreases in FPG, HbA1c, and triglyceride levels and weight. At 60 months, the T2DM incidence rate was 1.7 (95% CI 0.9-2.8) in the intervention group and 3.5 (2.4-4.9) in the standard-care group. After adjusting for variables, the intervention group had a 0.46 times lower risk of developing diabetes. Therefore, healthcare providers should actively promote CBT-integrated, hospital-based diabetes prevention programs to halve diabetes progression.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Estado Pré-Diabético , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/terapia , Estado Pré-Diabético/psicologia , Estudos de Coortes , Hemoglobinas Glicadas , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevenção & controle , Glicemia/metabolismo
11.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e51558, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) interventions, based on cognitive behavioral therapy principles, have been proven effective as complementary tools in managing obesity and have been associated with promoting healthy behaviors and addressing body image concerns. However, they have not fully addressed certain underlying causes of obesity, such as a lack of motivation to change, low self-efficacy, and the impact of weight stigma interiorization, which often impede treatment adherence and long-term lifestyle habit changes. To tackle these concerns, this study introduces the VR self-counseling paradigm, which incorporates embodiment and body-swapping techniques, along with motivational strategies, to help people living with obesity effectively address some of the root causes of their condition. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the clinical efficacy of ConVRself (Virtual Reality self-talk), a VR platform that allows participants to engage in motivational self-conversations. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 68 participants from the bariatric surgery waiting list from the obesity unit of the Vall d'Hebron University Hospital in Barcelona, Spain. Participants were assigned to 1 of 3 groups: a control group (CG), which only received treatment as usual from the obesity unit; experimental group 1 (EG1), which, after intensive motivational interviewing training, engaged in 4 sessions of VR-based self-conversations with ConVRself, and underwent embodiment and body-swapping techniques; and experimental group 2 (EG2), which engaged in 4 VR-based sessions led by a virtual counselor with a prerecorded discourse, and only underwent the embodiment technique. In the case of both EG1 and EG2, the VR interventions were assisted by a clinical researcher. Readiness to change habits, eating habits, and psychological variables, as well as adherence and satisfaction with ConVRself were measured at baseline, after the intervention, 1 week after the intervention, and 4 weeks after the intervention. RESULTS: Regarding the primary outcomes, EG1 (24/68, 35%) and EG2 (22/68, 32%) showed significant improvements in confidence to lose weight compared to the CG (22/68, 32%) at all assessment points (ß=-.16; P=.02). Similarly, EG1 demonstrated a significant increase after the intervention in readiness to exercise more compared to the CG (ß=-.17; P=.03). Regarding the secondary outcomes, EG1 participants showed a significant reduction in uncontrolled eating (ß=.71; P=.01) and emotional eating (ß=.29; P=.03) compared to the CG participants, as well as in their anxiety levels compared to EG2 and CG participants (ß=.65; P=.01). In addition, participants from the experimental groups reported high adherence and satisfaction with the VR platform (EG1: mean 59.82, SD 4.00; EG2: mean 58.43, SD 5.22; d=0.30, 95% CI -0.30 to 0.89). CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that using VR self-conversations, based on motivational interviewing principles, may have benefits in helping people with obesity to enhance their readiness to change habits and self-efficacy, as well as reduce dysfunctional eating behaviors and anxiety. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT05094557; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/study/NCT05094557.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Realidade Virtual , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Obesidade/terapia , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Estilo de Vida
12.
Psychiatry Res ; 335: 115859, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574700

RESUMO

Little is known about the effects of common daily experiences in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). The Daily Hassles and Uplifts Scale (HUPS) was assessed in 142 treatment-naïve adult MDD outpatients randomized to 12 weeks of treatment with either antidepressant medication (ADM) or Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT). Three HUPS measures were analyzed: hassle frequency (HF), uplift frequency (UF), and the mean hassle intensity to mean uplift intensity ratio (MHI:MUI). Remission after treatment was not predicted by these baseline HUPS measures and did not moderate outcomes by treatment type. In contrast, HUPS measures significantly changed with treatment and were impacted by remission status. Specifically, HF and MHI:MUI decreased and UF increased from baseline to week 12, with remission leading to significantly greater decreases in HF and MHI:MUI compared to non-remission. ADM-treated patients demonstrated significant improvements on all three HUPS measures regardless of remission status. In contrast, remitters to CBT demonstrated significant improvements in HF and MHI:MUI but not UF; among CBT non-remitters the only significant change was a reduction in HF. The changes in HUPS measures are consistent with how affective biases are impacted by treatments and support the potential value of increasing attention to positive events in CBT.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Adulto , Humanos , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/tratamento farmacológico , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1228271, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590811

RESUMO

Background: A nature-based social prescription (NBSP) is an approach to improving mental health outcomes that involves prescribing nature-based interventions as complementary or alternative therapy to traditional ones. A variety of advantages are available from NBSP for people looking to enhance their mental well-being. The effect size of the nature-based social prescriptions (NBSPs) has not been thoroughly evaluated by systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Objectives: The current study aimed to analyze existing studies and conduct a meta-analysis to determine the overall effect size of the nature-based social prescriptions (NBSP's) outcomes on mental health. Methods: By choosing the relevant papers from among those that were available, a meta-analysis was carried out in the current study. A systematic search of electronic databases (Pub Med, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Embase, CINAHL, and PsychINFO) was conducted to identify relevant studies. Studies were included if they evaluated the effects of NBSP on mental health outcomes. Effect sizes were calculated using the random effects model. Results: Meta-analysis of interventions statistics shows that CBT (SMD -0.0035; 95% CI: [-0.5090; 0.5020]; Tau^2: 0.1011; Tau: 0.318), digital intervention (SMD -0.3654; 95% CI: [-0.5258; 1.2566]; Tau^2: 0.2976, Tau: 0.5455), music intervention (SMD -2.1281; 95% CI: [-0.4659; 4.7221]; Tau^2: 3.4046; Tau:1.8452), and psychological interventions (SMD -0.8529; 95% CI: [0.3051; 1.4007]; Tau^2: 0.1224; Tau: 0.3499) do not significantly impact. The other interventions [social belongingness, communication training, blue intervention, nature-based education, cognitive behavior group therapy (CBGT), social prescribing coordinator, self-help intervention, participatory, organizational intervention, inpatient services, brief diet, internet-based intervention, prenatal intervention, yoga and meditation, ergonomics training program, yoga nidra intervention, and storytelling] highlighted above are significant. Conclusion: The conclusion of the meta-analysis supports the idea that incorporating nature-based social prescription interventions into mental healthcare plans can effectively complement traditional therapies and improve mental health outcomes. Systematic review registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42023412458, CRD42023412458.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Meditação , Yoga , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde
14.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 280, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605391

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The clinical efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) after Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is still controversial, and the purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of CBT on pain, knee function, and psychological status of patients after TKA. METHODS: We systematically searched electronic databases such as CNKI, CBM, VIP, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE for randomized controlled studies up to February 30, 2023. Screening against inclusion criteria to select valid studies and extract data. The quality of included studies was evaluated by the Cochrane Collaboration risk-of-bias 2 (RoB 2) tool for randomized trials. Statistical analysis of the data from this study was carried out using Stata 15.1 software. RESULTS: Finally, our meta-analysis incorporated seven randomized controlled studies of high quality, including 608 patients. The findings of the meta-analysis demonstrated a noteworthy decrease in kinesiophobia levels during the early postoperative phase in the CBT group as compared to the usual care group (WMD = -6.35, 95% CI: -7.98 to -4.72, Z = 7.64, P < 0.001). However, no statistically significant difference between the CBT and usual care groups in terms of postoperative pain as well as knee function. CONCLUSION: CBT may effectively reduce the level of kinesiophobia in the short term after TKA, but did not significantly relieve knee pain or improve knee function.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e51428, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Panic disorder is a common and important disease in clinical practice that decreases individual productivity and increases health care use. Treatments comprise medication and cognitive behavioral therapy. However, adverse medication effects and poor treatment compliance mean new therapeutic models are needed. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that digital therapy for panic disorder may improve panic disorder symptoms and that treatment response would be associated with brain activity changes assessed with functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). METHODS: Individuals (n=50) with a history of panic attacks were recruited. Symptoms were assessed before and after the use of an app for panic disorder, which in this study was a smartphone-based app for treating the clinical symptoms of panic disorder, panic symptoms, depressive symptoms, and anxiety. The hemodynamics in the frontal cortex during the resting state were measured via fNIRS. The app had 4 parts: diary, education, quest, and serious games. The study trial was approved by the institutional review board of Chung-Ang University Hospital (1041078-202112-HR-349-01) and written informed consent was obtained from all participants. RESULTS: The number of participants with improved panic symptoms in the app use group (20/25, 80%) was greater than that in the control group (6/21, 29%; χ21=12.3; P=.005). During treatment, the improvement in the Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) score in the app use group was greater than that in the control group (F1,44=7.03; P=.01). In the app use group, the total PDSS score declined by 42.5% (mean score 14.3, SD 6.5 at baseline and mean score 7.2, SD 3.6 after the intervention), whereas the PDSS score declined by 14.6% in the control group (mean score 12.4, SD 5.2 at baseline and mean score 9.8, SD 7.9 after the intervention). There were no significant differences in accumulated oxygenated hemoglobin (accHbO2) at baseline between the app use and control groups. During treatment, the reduction in accHbO2 in the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (VLPFC; F1,44=8.22; P=.006) and the right orbitofrontal cortex (OFC; F1,44=8.88; P=.005) was greater in the app use than the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Apps for panic disorder should effectively reduce symptoms and VLPFC and OFC brain activity in patients with panic disorder. The improvement of panic disorder symptoms was positively correlated with decreased VLPFC and OFC brain activity in the resting state. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Research Information Service KCT0007280; https://cris.nih.go.kr/cris/search/detailSearch.do?seq=21448.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Aplicativos Móveis , Transtorno de Pânico , Humanos , Transtorno de Pânico/terapia , Ansiedade , Transtornos de Ansiedade
16.
BMC Med ; 22(1): 156, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a significant problem affecting millions of people worldwide. Three widely implemented psychological techniques used for CLBP management are cognitive therapy (CT), mindfulness meditation (MM), and behavioral activation (BA). This study aimed to evaluate the relative immediate (pre- to post-treatment) and longer term (pre-treatment to 3- and 6-month follow-ups) effects of group, videoconference-delivered CT, BA, and MM for CLBP. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a three-arm, randomized clinical trial comparing the effects of three active treatments-CT, BA, and MM-with no inert control condition. Participants were N = 302 adults with CLBP, who were randomized to condition. The primary outcome was pain interference, and other secondary outcomes were also examined. The primary study end-point was post-treatment. Intent-to-treat analyses were undertaken for each time point, with the means of the changes in outcomes compared among the three groups using an analysis of variance (ANOVA). Effect sizes and confidence intervals are also reported. RESULTS: Medium-to-large effect size reductions in pain interference were found within BA, CT, and MM (ds from - .71 to - 1.00), with gains maintained at both follow-up time points. Effect sizes were generally small to medium for secondary outcomes for all three conditions (ds from - .20 to - .71). No significant between-group differences in means or changes in outcomes were found at any time point, except for change in sleep disturbance from pre- to post-treatment, improving more in BA than MM (d = - .49). CONCLUSIONS: The findings from this trial, one of the largest telehealth trials of psychological treatments to date, critically determined that group, videoconference-delivered CT, BA, and MM are effective for CLBP and can be implemented in clinical practice to improve treatment access. The pattern of results demonstrated similar improvements across treatments and outcome domains, with effect sizes consistent with those observed in prior research testing in-person delivered and multi-modal psychological pain treatments. Thus, internet treatment delivery represents a tool to scale up access to evidence-based chronic pain treatments and to overcome widespread disparities in healthcare. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT03687762.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Dor Lombar , Meditação , Atenção Plena , Telemedicina , Adulto , Humanos , Dor Lombar/terapia
17.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 265, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a crucial stage for the development of OCD symptoms that, in most cases, persist into adulthood. This requires designing preventive strategies tailored to this population. Therefore, we aim to describe the study protocol that will be used to examine the effectiveness of a mobile health application to challenge obsessional beliefs in adolescents. METHODS: A two-armed randomized controlled trial will be conducted on an adolescent sample from the general population. The experimental group will use the intervention module (GGOC-AD) of a mobile app on the GGtude platform for 14 days whereas the control group will use a non-active module (GGN-AD) of said app. Primary outcome measures will be obsessional beliefs and obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and secondary measures will be self-esteem and emotional symptoms. Three assessment points will be conducted at baseline, post-intervention, and one-month follow-up. A linear multiple regression model with an intention to treat approach will be used. The expected total sample size will be 55 participants. DISCUSSION: We expect that the intervention group will show a reduction in obsessional beliefs and OCD-symptoms at post and follow-up in comparison with the control group. Additionally, we expect that the app will improve participants' self-esteem. This study could provide an accessible mobile health tool to prevent OCD-related symptoms in adolescents. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT06033391 . Registered September 4, 2023.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Aplicativos Móveis , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo , Humanos , Adolescente , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/terapia , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/psicologia , Emoções , Análise Multivariada , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
18.
Trials ; 25(1): 246, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insomnia and eveningness are common and often comorbid conditions in youths. While cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) has been suggested as a promising intervention, it remains unclear whether it is sufficient to also address circadian issues in youths. In addition, despite that light has been shown to be effective in phase-shifting one's circadian rhythm, there has been limited data on the effects of bright light therapy and its combination with CBT-I on sleep and circadian outcomes in youths. The current protocol outlines a randomised controlled trial that examines the efficacy of CBT-I and CBT-I plus bright light therapy (BLT) in reducing insomnia severity, improving mood symptoms and daytime functioning (e.g. sleepiness, fatigue, cognitive function), and improving subjective and objective sleep and circadian measures compared to a waitlist control group. METHODS: We will carry out a randomised controlled trial (RCT) with 150 youths aged 12-24 who meet the criteria of insomnia and eveningness. Participants will be randomised into one of three groups: CBT-I with bright light therapy, CBT-I with placebo light, and waitlist control. Six sessions of CBT-I will be delivered in a group format, while participants will be currently asked to use a portable light device for 30 min daily immediately after awakening throughout the intervention period for bright light therapy. The CBT-I with light therapy group will receive bright constant green light (506 lx) while the CBT-I with placebo light group will receive the modified light device with the LEDs emitting less than 10 lx. All participants will be assessed at baseline and post-treatment, while the two active treatment groups will be additionally followed up at 1 month and 6 months post-intervention. The primary outcome will be insomnia severity, as measured by the Insomnia Severity Index. Secondary outcomes include self-reported mood, circadian, daytime functioning, and quality of life measures, as well as sleep parameters derived from actigraphy and sleep diary and neurocognitive assessments. Objective measures of the circadian phase using dim-light melatonin onset assessment and sleep parameters using polysomnography will also be included as the secondary outcomes. DISCUSSION: This study will be the first RCT to directly compare the effects of CBT-I and BLT in youths with insomnia and eveningness. Findings from the study will provide evidence to inform the clinical management of insomnia problems and eveningness in youths. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04256915. Registered on 5 February 2020.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Transtornos do Sono do Ritmo Circadiano , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Humanos , Adolescente , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/diagnóstico , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/terapia , Sono , Transtornos do Sono do Ritmo Circadiano/terapia , Fototerapia/métodos , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
19.
Psychiatry Res ; 335: 115876, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is considered as the first-line treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, the underlying neural mechanisms through which CBT exerts its effects in OCD remain unclear. This study aims to investigate whether the improvement of clinical symptoms in OCD patients after CBT treatment is associated with changes in resting-state functional connectivity (FC) of the amygdala subregion, and whether these changes can be served as potential predictors of four-months treatment efficacy. METHODS: We collected resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) data from 57 OCD patients and 50 healthy subjects at baseline. In the patient group, rs-fMRI was also obtained after completion of an 8-week CBT treatment and 4 months post-treatment. A whole-brain rsFC analysis was conducted using the amygdala subregion as the seed point. We analyzed the FC patterns in relation to 4 months clinical outcomes to elucidate the long-term efficacy of CBT in OCD patients. RESULTS: Treatment responseat at pre-treatment was found to be associated with reduced rsFC between the left basolateral amygdala(BLA)and left superior temporal gyrus(STG) at baseline. Lower pre-treatment FC were negatively correlated with the severity of OCD symptoms as measured by the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Severity Scale (Y-BOCS). Moreover, the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for the FC between the left BLA and STG at the end of treatment was 73.0% and 70.4% for the effective-ineffective and remitted or unremitted groups, respectively. At the 4-month follow-up, the area under the ROC curve for the effective-ineffective and remitted or unremitted groups was 83.9% and 76.5%, respectively. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that brain functional activity in patients with OCD can predict treatment response to CBT, and longitudinal changes in relevant brain functional activity following CBT treatment are associated with treatment response in OCD.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo , Humanos , Seguimentos , Tonsila do Cerebelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/terapia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
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