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1.
Am J Occup Ther ; 76(6)2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332197

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: With the increasing use of telehealth, it is imperative to synthesize the existing evidence to examine the effectiveness of telehealth interventions and inform practitioners and reimbursement entities. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of telehealth occupational therapy interventions across the lifespan, delivered either independently or as part of an interdisciplinary team. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, SAGE, PsycInfo, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, OTseeker, and OT Search and hand searches of systematic reviews, relevant journals, and known occupational therapy telehealth research. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA COLLECTION: Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we screened and appraised articles that included an occupational therapy intervention delivered via telehealth and that were peer reviewed, written in English, published between 2009 and 2019, and Levels 1b to 3b evidence. FINDINGS: Twenty full-text articles (8 Level 1b, 9 Level 2b, and 3 Level 3b) met the inclusion criteria. Strong strength of evidence supports the use of telehealth approaches for occupational therapy interventions for people with neurological and pain conditions. Moderate strength of evidence supports the use of telehealth interventions to support education outcomes. Low strength of evidence was found for other outcomes for children with developmental disorders and additional conditions. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: There is evidence to support that occupational therapy interventions delivered via telehealth are similarly effective as those delivered face-to-face, especially for neurological and pain conditions. What This Article Adds: The findings include an updated synthesis of telehealth occupational therapy interventions provided separately and with interdisciplinary health care teams. They expand occupational therapy's scope of practice to include interventions provided across the lifespan for rehabilitation and habilitation needs and include effectiveness by conditions.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Telemedicina , Criança , Humanos , Dor
2.
Am J Occup Ther ; 76(6)2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36399390

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Sleep is a foundational occupation in the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process (2nd ed.), yet little is known about how occupational therapists assess and address sleep in practice. OBJECTIVE: To survey practicing occupational therapists' comfort with their level of knowledge about sleep, how they are assessing and addressing sleep in clinical practice, and the amount of sleep-related education they have received. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study. SETTING: Electronic survey. PARTICIPANTS: Practicing occupational therapists were invited to participate in November 2020. Survey invitations were sent via email targeting occupational therapists serving as clinical instructors. OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The survey consisted of 41 items assessing comfort with sleep knowledge, occupation of sleep, and sleep education received. This survey was modified from a previous survey and tailored to the occupational therapy profession. RESULTS: A total of 169 occupational therapists completed the survey. Most (87%) agreed that sleep was an occupation, but only 44% evaluated their clients' sleep, and 30% established treatment goals pertaining to sleep. In addition, 66% reported not receiving education about sleep in their entry-level occupational therapy program, and 78% reported receiving no continuing education about sleep in the past 2 yr. Most (92%) reported that occupational therapists should be better prepared to evaluate and treat sleep after graduation. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Most occupational therapists identified sleep as an area of occupation but had limited knowledge of how to assess and address sleep in practice. Entry-level occupational therapy education programs must enhance sleep-related curricula, and continuing education programs tailored to sleep issues within occupational therapists' practice are needed. What This Article Adds: The results of this study indicate gaps in occupational therapists' knowledge regarding how best to assess and treat sleep problems. We offer next steps to improve the profession's capacity to address the occupation of sleep.


Assuntos
Terapeutas Ocupacionais , Terapia Ocupacional , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Terapia Ocupacional/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sono
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361299

RESUMO

A complexity of factors, from health and technology innovations to policy redesign to achieve consumer-directed care, are impacting traditional roles for Australian allied health practitioners (AHPs). This pilot study considers roles for AHPs in relation to assistive technology (AT) interventions. Articulating 'who does what' may serve a number of purposes including de-professionalization of the discourse; better utilization of support networks and workforces; and alignment with contemporary policy. Yet, a suitable framework to assist with collaborative AT implementation between relevant stakeholders was not identified within the existing literature. This research aimed to develop and pilot an AT collaboration tool which enables AHPs, consumers, their support networks and the support workforce, to navigate policy redesign toward ethical consumer-directed implementation of AT interventions. An AT collaboration tool was developed based upon practice-based knowledge, relevant regulatory and practice evidence and identifies relevant stakeholders, AT service steps and roles, and quality indicators to support competent practice. The tool was piloted in four separate and diverse practice analyses of AT interventions (custom prosthetics, home enteral nutrition, communication devices, and vehicle modifications) considering four allied health professions (prosthetics and orthotics, dietetics, speech pathology, occupational therapy). Pilot testing of the tool supports the feasibility of re-framing AT provision using competency-based and risk-informed approaches and enabling more inclusive roles for consumers and the support workforce. Further testing of the tool is indicated, followed by strategic actions for uptake by individuals, professions and policymakers. The AT collaboration tool has potential to enable AHPs to fulfil ethical obligations for consumer-centered practice, and to facilitate consumer choice, both in Australia and internationally.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Tecnologia Assistiva , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Austrália , Recursos Humanos
5.
BMJ Open Qual ; 11(4)2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36410780

RESUMO

Timely contact and assessment between occupational therapists (OTs) and patients are vital to understanding their needs and creating person-centred interventions. Any delays in completing contact and assessment will likely impact patients' experience and outcomes. The aim of this study was to ensure that 90% of all patients in a male and female ward received OT initial contact within two working days of admission by the end of June 2020.With the teams working in collaboration, the first change idea of increasing the initial contact in two working days was introduced and the impact assessed on two of the five wards. The Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles used for this test of change included: Standardising the initial contact, informal training for the audit tool created to measure the admission process, increasing efficiency for documenting OT contact, updated exclusion/inclusion criteria for OT initial contact, refining documentation for contact and assessment, and the impact of COVID-19 on initial contact and admission processes.Our test of change resulted in an increase in the average initial contact from 12.5% to 71.24%. Following this success, we spread the project to the three remaining wards. Feedback from OTs using the tools we introduced ensured that we made tools as user-friendly as possible. Likewise, teams who achieved particularly high compliance noted the importance of dedicating time to conduct initial contact.Our team embarked on a quality improvement project that aimed to set a standard and increase compliance for achieving this standard. Alongside this, we developed an appropriate and pragmatic measure to track our progress. While we did not achieve 90%, we observed substantial improvements made across the participating service. Using the findings from the project, we have spread this approach to other wards and believe that it could easily be transferrable as a discreet package to other mental health settings.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Terapia Ocupacional , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pacientes Internados , Melhoria de Qualidade , Saúde Mental
6.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 6731339, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419546

RESUMO

Unintentional injuries are accidents that pose a major health problem among school children. This study compared the functional behavior and executive function characteristics of school-aged children who experienced unintentional injuries with those of controls who had not been injured. We investigated the background characteristics of injured children, injury characteristics, and parents' perceptions of the children's functional behaviors and executive function abilities. The study included 53 children aged 6 years to 18 years. Of them, 32 had experienced unintentional injuries. The 21 children who had not experienced unintentional injuries served as a control group matched for age and living environment. Parents of both groups completed (1) a demographic questionnaire addressing their children's background, daily functional behavior characteristics, and injury characteristics and (2) the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF). Sixty percent of the children in the research (injured) group had been prediagnosed with learning disabilities or attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, compared with no child in the control (uninjured) group. Most injuries were limb fractures (60%) and sustained outside the home (50%). Parents of children who had been injured expressed significantly more concerns about their children's daily behavior than did parents of the control group and reported their children as usually, but not always, independent and responsible. Compared with the children in the uninjured group, the children in the injured group had significantly lower executive function abilities in the BRIEF's eight subscales, total behavioral regulation and metacognitive indices, and global executive function scores (p < .001). Children with certain diagnoses, functional behavior features, and deficient executive function abilities may be at risk for unintentional injuries. Raising occupational therapists' awareness of these aspects may contribute to identifying, treating, and preventing accidental injuries among at-risk children.


Assuntos
Lesões Acidentais , Terapia Ocupacional , Humanos , Criança , Pais/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Função Executiva
7.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 8976906, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419547

RESUMO

Introduction: Occupational therapists play a crucial role in the rehabilitation process, as they maximise patients' independence and participation in meaningful occupations by adopting creative solutions in their treatment plan. Recognizing the importance of creative work and incorporating it into daily activities can be a powerful technique for enhancing quality of life. As a result, OTs must comprehend the significance of using creativity on a daily basis with patients. Creativity has been implicit in occupational therapists' values and practices since the occupational therapy field's early days. In particular, OTs use meaningful activities to promote health, wellbeing, and independence, which have traditionally had a strong connection with creativity. Primarily, the OT uses practical exercise to create wellbeing and autonomy, which have had a healthy linkage with imagination. The OT has used creative exercise as a treatment technique since the beginning of the profession. Method: In this paper, a Narrative Review Checklist was used to carry out specific checks of manuscripts' structures and a careful selection of the articles which are included in the manuscript. In addition, articles referenced in review articles or guidelines were reviewed for inclusion. Findings. This review has shown that the primary motivation for implementing creative activities was to improve the patient performance, wellbeing, and self-esteem. The goal of implementing creative activities was to assist the client in self-expression as well as experience joy and desire. As a result, the necessity to investigate the influence of creative solutions in treatment from an OT standpoint has been identified. Conclusion: Future studies should focus on how it is important to consider the patient's intrinsic and extrinsic motivations when designing creative solutions, as well as how the disability affects their daily activities, occupations, and adherence to a treatment plan.


Assuntos
Terapeutas Ocupacionais , Terapia Ocupacional , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Promoção da Saúde
8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(19)2022 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36236598

RESUMO

The COPM (Canadian Occupational Performance Measure) is a tool that is based on the identification of self-perceived performance and satisfaction problems in the performance of occupations, allowing the creation of a hierarchy in the order of the interventions to be carried out, and speeding up the identification of the necessary AT (Assistive Technologies). Given the importance of the caregiver's perception about their own performance in the design of AT, this research examines the caregiver's profile through the COPM. A sample of 40 caregivers volunteered to participate in the study. A cluster analysis was carried out on the COPM scores. Two caregiver profiles were found in relation to the COPM measure, one with low scores on performance and satisfaction and another with high scores on both of these two variables. The main predictor was found to be the self-perception of performance. The structure was replicated through a hierarchical cluster analysis, where the role of caregivers was of interest. These results are relevant on both a theoretical and practical level.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Tecnologia Assistiva , Atividades Cotidianas , Canadá , Cuidadores , Humanos
9.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 6040457, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36262376

RESUMO

Autistic children, also known as "children from the stars", have been discovered for more than half a century, but there is still no unified conclusion on the diagnosis, causes, manifestations, and education of autism. The current theory and practice suggest that there is a need to improve the treatment and education of these children. According to existing theories and practices, most autistic children show a special interest in music, and music is very effective in the treatment of autistic children, and through musical activities, children with autism can improve their language, social and emotional, cognitive, and sensorimotor development. In this paper, we record and observe the music classes of children with autism. We select two classes with a total of seven children with autism as the observation subjects in the music classes, record the changes in various aspects and behavioral performance of these seven children with autism in the music activities, and analyze and summarize them. The main purpose of this study is to analyze and summarize how the three major music teaching methods are implemented in the music classroom for autistic children and how they can help autistic children with different characteristics. In the end, we summarize the main problems of music teaching for autistic children found in practice and try to make some suggestions, hoping to provide reference for scholars who study music education for autistic children. The music teaching activities were effective in improving the children's joint attention, movement imitation, rhythm imitation, and cooperation ability, and all three children improved to varying degrees, fulfilling the goals of the teaching activities. The behavioral analysis of the three children during the teaching activities showed that the three children improved their ability to sit comfortably, awareness, musical ability, and rule awareness and reduced inappropriate behaviors and bad emotions, which proved that music education could improve the social and cognitive skills of the children.


Assuntos
Transtorno Autístico , Música , Terapia Ocupacional , Criança , Humanos , Música/psicologia , Transtorno Autístico/terapia , Emoções , Atenção
10.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 8489077, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36262377

RESUMO

With the development of the Internet era, the application of smartphones in life is quite useful, and the penetration rate of smartphones will be further increased in the future, making teenagers increasingly dependent on mobile phones. Teenagers are under great academic pressure, and excessive reliance on mobile phones will inevitably affect the formation of normal values. Teenagers, as a special group, deserve our attention. Mobile phone dependence has become a social problem. In this paper, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used to evaluate the sleep quality of adolescents, and the factors affecting the sleep quality of adolescents were explored from three dimensions of behaviour, physiology, and emotion based on the sleep quality model. In this study, structural equation modelling was used to test the multiple mediating effects and analyze the relationship between mobile phone anxiety and sleep quality. Through the analysis of the internal mechanism of the two, the results show that the average score of adolescents' anxiety about mobile phone use is 32.87, and the standard deviation is 10.67. The difference between mobile phone anxiety and sleep quality was statistically significant (P < 0.001); good sleep quality can alleviate the prediction effect of mobile phone anxiety on anxiety and provide reference for promoting the physical and mental health development of adolescents.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Terapia Ocupacional , Humanos , Adolescente , Qualidade do Sono , Ansiedade , Emoções
11.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 1064441, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36262378

RESUMO

This paper provides an in-depth analysis of timbre-speech spectrograms in instrumental music, designs a model analysis of rehabilitation occupational therapy techniques based on the analysis of timbre-speech spectrograms in instrumental music, and tests the models for comparison. Starting from the mechanism of human articulation, this paper models the process of human expression as a time-varying linear system consisting of excitation, vocal tract, and radiation models. The system's overall architecture is designed according to the characteristics of Chinese speech and everyday speech rehabilitation theory (HSL theory). The dual judgment of temporal threshold and short-time average energy realized the phonetic length training. Tone and clear tone training were achieved by linear predictive coding technique (LPC) and autocorrelation function. Using the DTW technique, isolated word speech recognition was achieved by extracting Mel-scale Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCC) parameters of speech signals. The system designs corresponding training scenes for each training module according to the extracted speech parameters, combines the multimedia speech spectrogram motion situation with the speech parameters, and finally presents the training content as a speech spectrogram, and evaluates the training results through human-machine interaction to stimulate the interest of rehabilitation therapy and realize the speech rehabilitation training of patients. After analyzing the pre- and post-test data, it was found that the p-values of all three groups were <0.05, which was judged to be significantly different. Also, all subjects changed their behavioral data during the treatment. Therefore, it was concluded that the music therapy technique could improve the patients' active gaze communication ability, verbal command ability, and active question-answering ability after summarizing the data, i.e., the hypothesis of this experiment is valid. Therefore, it is believed that the technique of timbre-speech spectrogram analysis in instrumental music can achieve the effect of rehabilitation therapy to a certain extent.


Assuntos
Música , Terapia Ocupacional , Humanos , Idioma , China
12.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 9259180, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36262379

RESUMO

Employee Innovative Behavior (EIB) in a stable environment is often based on the company's planned policy orientation and has higher innovation performance under the transactional leadership behavior characterized by task orientation. In an uncertain environment, transformational corporate leadership behaviors will stimulate EIB. The essence of entrepreneurship is innovation. Enterprises provide employees with spiritual support through entrepreneurship, which can generate more effective long-term incentives for employees. From the perspective of entrepreneurship, based on the Uncertainty-Identity Theory (UIT), through the analysis of 287 pairs of valid sample data from 7 companies, it is found that Environmental Uncertainty (EU) has a positive moderating effect on the relationship between Transformational Leadership (TL) and Psychological Empowerment (PE). PE positively promotes EIB. The indirect effect size of PE is 0.2221, 0.3495, and 0.4450 from low to high, respectively. It is inferred that the interaction between TL and EU can positively promote EIB through the mediating effect of PE. The research conclusions expand the boundary conditions of the relationship between TL and EIB and innovatively provide theoretical guidance for the management of EIB from the perspective of entrepreneurship in an uncertain environment.


Assuntos
Liderança , Terapia Ocupacional , Humanos , Empreendedorismo , Incerteza , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Am J Occup Ther ; 76(6)2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36255304

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) is an established treatment for spastic cerebral palsy (CP). The effects and predictors of occupational therapy's benefit for self-care after SDR in children with CP have not been thoroughly investigated. OBJECTIVE: To identify changes in self-care after occupational therapy post-SDR and determine whether changes were affected by age, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level, and number of occupational therapy dressing sessions. DESIGN: In this retrospective cohort study, we collected outcomes pre-SDR, at discharge, and at 1-yr follow-up. Paired t tests and regression analysis were performed. SETTING: Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities-accredited pediatric inpatient rehabilitation facility. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-three children (GMFCS Levels I-III, ages 4-17 yr) diagnosed with spastic CP who underwent SDR from 2014 to 2018. INTERVENTION: After having SDR, each child received an average of twice daily occupational therapy for an average of 37.3 days. OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Computer Adaptive Test (PEDI-CAT) and Functional Independence Measure for Children® (WeeFIM) were used to assess self-care performance. RESULTS: The mean WeeFIM dressing (upper and lower body) and mean PEDI-CAT daily activities scores from baseline to discharge and mean WeeFIM lower body dressing at 1-yr follow-up improved significantly. The improvement in lower body dressing correlated with GMFCS level and the number of occupational therapy dressing sessions. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The improvement in upper and lower extremity dressing and PEDI-CAT daily activities scores suggests that inpatient occupational therapy post-SDR may provide benefits. What This Article Adds: Children diagnosed with CP may undergo surgical interventions to improve their ability to walk. This article demonstrates the benefit of occupational therapy services after SDR to improve upper and lower body dressing skills.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Terapia Ocupacional , Humanos , Rizotomia , Autocuidado , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0274193, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206208

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The sequelae of moderate-severe acquired brain injury (ABI) encompass motor, cognitive, sensory, emotional and behavioural areas that affect meaningful occupational participation and quality of life, with a high prevalence of associated mental disorders. When the patient returns to community life after discharge from the hospital, specialised care is generally insufficient due to the lack of consideration of the dual condition of mental disorder and ABI. Since there is a negative impact on competence and thus on occupational participation, occupational therapy represents a convenient way of intervention. On these assumptions, a community-based occupational therapy protocol on mental health for people with moderate/severe acquired brain injury (COT-MHABI) is presented. It is focused on meaningful occupational participation and looks for improvement in the quality of life. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study aims: (i) to design a protocol to evaluate the effectiveness of a community occupational therapy intervention based on MOHO for patients with a dual (mental health/ABI) for improving quality of life and self-perceived occupational performance; (ii) to analyse the outcomes of occupational and social variables (occupational balance, participation level, satisfaction with occupation and performed roles and community integration) after the COT-MHABI process; (iii) to analyse the impact of quality of life on satisfaction with occupations performed by this population. A non-randomised controlled clinical trial will be performed. Patients assigned to the experimental group will receive over one year of on-site and telematic occupational therapy sessions, 16 sessions on average. Variables such as quality of life, community integration or satisfaction with occupational performance will be collected at baseline, 6, and 12 months. DISCUSSION: The needs for the dual mental/ABI population in their reintegration into the community are related to the associated deficits and to the absence of specialised services for the complexity of this patient profile. Few studies consider the coexistence of mental health and ABI issues. The COT-MHABI protocol is proposed to provide continuity to the community needs of this population, conceptualised from occupational participation, person-centred and focused on meaningful activities. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Trial identifier and registry name ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT04586842 https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04586842?term=252136&draw=2&rank=1; Pre-results; Community-based Occupational Therapy Intervention on Mental Health for People With Acquired Brain Injury (COT-MHABI).


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Terapia Ocupacional , Lesões Encefálicas/complicações , Lesões Encefálicas/terapia , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Satisfação Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida
15.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 8399938, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36212086

RESUMO

This paper uses the theory of mental health education to conduct an in-depth study and analysis of teachers' educational management, and based on this, it designs a survey method on teachers' status and analyzes its strategic methods based on the results of the survey. Using literature analysis, questionnaires, survey interviews, and statistical analysis, the analysis of mental health of primary and secondary school teachers in the city was made. The results of the survey and analysis of the questionnaire results were used to construct a compatible mental health evaluation model. It was found that the overall level of elementary school teachers' mental health is poor at present, and different levels of mental health were presented with school sections and ages. A total of 286 questionnaires were distributed, 278 valid questionnaires were returned, and statistical analysis was conducted using EXCEL tables based on the collected data. The data analysis results show that the mental health level of teachers in middle school is significantly lower than that of teachers in primary school, and the mental health level of teachers in primary and secondary schools decreases with the increase of age. Therefore, to prevent the small and the gradual, start from the source; do a good job in the publicity of mental health education in peacetime; popularize the knowledge of mental health, so that teachers have a correct understanding of mental health education; improve the professional level of teachers; set up professional teachers in professional positions; establish sound job system and evaluation system, etc. Promote the balanced development of school psychological counseling rooms, strengthen the construction of professional teachers in mental health education, improve various systems of mental health education, comprehensively popularize teachers' mental health education and training, and mobilize teachers' enthusiasm for scientific research on mental health education. Improve the understanding of mental health education in colleges and universities, and regard mental health education as the foundation of all education.


Assuntos
Análise de Dados , Terapia Ocupacional , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 3375386, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36275844

RESUMO

Recently, the employee turnover rate of the modern service industry has continued to increase, leading to a decline in the service quality, customer turnover, and an increase in human costs. Meanwhile, fierce competition and enterprises' internal pressure have brought great psychological trauma to employees and affected their mental health. Understanding and finding out the factors that affect employees' resignations are the solutions to employees' mental health problems. The research innovation lies in building a relationship model between turnover intention, psychological contract, and job satisfaction; analyzing the influence mechanism and interaction of various variables in the model; and providing reference and thinking for the service industry to solve the problem of excessive turnover of employees. Besides, the questionnaire design and investigation are carried out, and 60 front-line employees of a service company are selected as the research objects. The results show that the overall internal consistency coefficient of SCL-90 is 0.96, and the overall consistency coefficient is directly proportional to the scale's reliability. The validity coefficient of SCL-90 is 0.79, which has good compatibility validity. Moreover, the correlation coefficient between the psychological contract and turnover intention is 0.621, and the Sig value is 0.00. The correlation coefficient between job satisfaction and turnover intention is -0.663, and the Sig value is 0.00. The psychological contract is positively correlated with turnover intention, and job satisfaction is negatively correlated with turnover intention. After the standard dance experiment, the P values of psychological indicators such as somatization, interpersonal relationship, depression, anxiety, and psychosis factors of employees in the control and experimental groups are all less than 0.05, indicating a significant correlation. Therefore, through 12 weeks of standard dance practice, all psychological indicators of the experimental group are significantly improved. However, the change results of the terror factor and paranoia factor are P > 0.05, showing no significant difference. After the standard dance experiment, there is a significant difference between the control and experimental groups in mental health factors, but no significant difference in terror and paranoia factors. This study has significant reference value for the prevention of employee turnover and mental health.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Satisfação no Emprego , Intenção , Análise Fatorial
17.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 9288896, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36275845

RESUMO

Herdsmen's access to credit funds plays an important supporting role in promoting the modern economic development of pastoral areas and broadening the channels for herders to increase their income. This paper studies the credit behavior of herdsmen from the perspective of emotional and psychological state identification to analyze the current credit behavior of herdsmen. Firstly, the internal mechanism of herdsmen's credit and emotional and psychological identification research content are analyzed. Secondly, a scheme of emotional and psychological state identification is proposed, and a corresponding survey of herdsmen is carried out according to the scheme. Finally, the Probit and Heckman models are introduced to analyze the credit behavior of herdsmen. The results show that herdsmen with high emotional and psychological scores strongly demand credit. They are likely to have access to credit and have a high level of credit. Herdsmen with low scores of emotional and psychological characteristics have low or no apparent demand for credit, and their credit availability is also low. The herdsmen with high emotional and psychological characteristics have a 71% higher probability of generating credit demand than herdsmen with low openness. Their likelihood of obtaining credit is also 33.47% higher than herdsmen with low emotional and psychological characteristics. They also have easy access to higher loan amounts. The results provide a reference for related research and analysis of herdsman's credit behavior and economic development.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Humanos , Renda , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0276444, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36282854

RESUMO

To examine the effectiveness of a play-based intervention for improving social play skills of typically-developing playmates of children with ADHD. Children (5-11 years) were randomised to an intervention (n = 15) or waitlisted control group (n = 14). The Test of Playfulness was scored by a blinded rater. Between-group statistics compared the change of the intervention (10-week intervention) and waitlisted control (10-week wait) groups. Change in the intervention group following intervention was significantly greater than the change in the waitlisted control group. When combining data from the groups, playmates' (n = 29) mean ToP scores improved significantly following intervention, with a large effect pre- to post-intervention and pre-intervention to follow-up. Typically-developing playmates of children with ADHD benefited from participation in a peer-mediated intervention.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Terapia Ocupacional , Criança , Humanos , Jogos e Brinquedos , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/terapia , Grupo Associado , Habilidades Sociais
19.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 8366857, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36300132

RESUMO

Objective: In recent years, people's living standards have been greatly improved, but at the same time, it also brings many health problems, among which mental health problems and sleep problems of college students are important problems. The aim of the study is to explore the effect of physical activity intervention on college students' mental health and provide a new way of thinking for colleges and universities to carry out mental health interventions. Methods: This paper focuses on the physical health problems of college students and explores the relationship between aerobic exercise, emotion, and sleep quality among college students. The SPSS statistical method was used to analyze the differences in aerobic exercise, emotion, and sleep quality among college students in terms of demographic variables; to explore the relationship between aerobic exercise, emotion, and sleep quality; and to construct a structural equation model using the relationship between them. Results/Discussion. This study explores the relationship between aerobic exercise and sleep quality and psychological health of college students, further analyzes the path model of the role of aerobic exercise and psychological health on sleep quality of college students, and verifies it through experiments, which proves to help universities and relevant departments understand the current situation of exercise and sleep quality of college students and provide timely and effective design of mandatory aerobic exercise courses for college students who lack exercise and have sleep problems. At the same time, it helps college students to understand their sleep situation and adjust their aerobic exercise courses according to their sleep status.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Qualidade do Sono , Estudantes/psicologia , Exercício Físico
20.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 8505257, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36304080

RESUMO

Objective: This study expects to investigate and verify the intervention effect of the university's innovative teaching management model on college students' resilience by implementing the university's innovative teaching management model for college students with low psychological resilience. Method: The scientific scale is used to investigate the current level of college students' psychological resilience, and the development characteristics of college students' psychological resilience are obtained through statistical analysis. Based on the theoretical analysis of the application of psychological resilience intervention, combined with the theory of one-to-one tutoring and operational techniques, the university's innovative teaching management mode scheme is designed. The design adopts a quasi-experimental pre-experimental test to investigate and explore the intervention effect system of the university's innovative teaching management mode on college students' psychological resilience. In the intervention, each unit of activity is carried out in strict accordance with the established plan, and records and reflections are made at the end. One-to-one and face-to-face qualitative interviews were conducted with the subjects, and qualitative data were collected for qualitative analysis. Results/Discussion. Compared with the control group that did not receive the intervention, the psychological resilience of the subjects in the experimental group was significantly improved after receiving the intervention of the university's innovative teaching management model. The university's innovative teaching management model has a good intervention effect on the resilience of college students. The university's innovative teaching management model scheme compiled in this study integrates a variety of psychotherapy methods and combines one-to-one psychological counseling frameworks and techniques. It is an effective and easy-to-implement intervention scheme for college students' psychological resilience intervention.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Humanos , Universidades , Estudantes/psicologia , Psicoterapia
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