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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205006

RESUMO

This study analyzed the suicide mortality rate in 12 municipalities in Fukushima Prefecture designated as evacuation areas following the 2011 nuclear disaster. Changes in suicide rates were examined using an exponential smoothing time series model. In the evacuation areas, the suicide rate of men increased immediately after the disaster and then decreased from 47.8 to 23.1 per 100,000 during about 1½ years after the disaster. However, with the lifting of the evacuation order, it again exceeded that of non-evacuation areas and continued to do so for the next 3 years. On the other hand, the suicide rate in women in the evacuation areas increased later than that in men. These results indicate the need for continuous support following the lifting of the evacuation order. In addition, it is necessary to enhance social networks, which continue to confer protection, because of the isolation of the elderly as highlighted in our previous study.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Suicídio , Idoso , Cidades , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino
2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(13)2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34203508

RESUMO

The influence of earthquake disasters on human social life is positively related to the magnitude and intensity of the earthquake, and effectively avoiding casualties and property losses can be attributed to the accurate prediction of earthquakes. In this study, an electromagnetic sensor is investigated to assess earthquakes in advance by collecting earthquake signals. At present, the mainstream earthquake magnitude prediction comprises two methods. On the one hand, most geophysicists or data analysis experts extract a series of basic features from earthquake precursor signals for seismic classification. On the other hand, the obtained data related to earth activities by seismograph or space satellite are directly used in classification networks. This article proposes a CNN and designs a 3D feature-map which can be used to solve the problem of earthquake magnitude classification by combining the advantages of shallow features and high-dimensional information. In addition, noise simulation technology and SMOTE oversampling technology are applied to overcome the problem of seismic data imbalance. The signals collected by electromagnetic sensors are used to evaluate the method proposed in this article. The results show that the method proposed in this paper can classify earthquake magnitudes well.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Desastres , Terremotos , Simulação por Computador , Fenômenos Eletromagnéticos , Humanos
3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(13)2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209169

RESUMO

Building-damage mapping using remote sensing images plays a critical role in providing quick and accurate information for the first responders after major earthquakes. In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in generating post-earthquake building-damage maps automatically using different artificial intelligence (AI)-based frameworks. These frameworks in this domain are promising, yet not reliable for several reasons, including but not limited to the site-specific design of the methods, the lack of transparency in the AI-model, the lack of quality in the labelled image, and the use of irrelevant descriptor features in building the AI-model. Using explainable AI (XAI) can lead us to gain insight into identifying these limitations and therefore, to modify the training dataset and the model accordingly. This paper proposes the use of SHAP (Shapley additive explanation) to interpret the outputs of a multilayer perceptron (MLP)-a machine learning model-and analyse the impact of each feature descriptor included in the model for building-damage assessment to examine the reliability of the model. In this study, a post-event satellite image from the 2018 Palu earthquake was used. The results show that MLP can classify the collapsed and non-collapsed buildings with an overall accuracy of 84% after removing the redundant features. Further, spectral features are found to be more important than texture features in distinguishing the collapsed and non-collapsed buildings. Finally, we argue that constructing an explainable model would help to understand the model's decision to classify the buildings as collapsed and non-collapsed and open avenues to build a transferable AI model.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Terremotos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes Neurais de Computação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(13)2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201829

RESUMO

In this study, performed on a set of twenty-two earthquakes that occurred in central Italy between 2019 and 2020, we will explore the possibility to locate the hypocenter of local events by using a ring laser gyroscope observing the vertical ground rotation and a standard broadband seismometer. A picking algorithm exploiting the four components (4C) polarization properties of the wavefield is used to identify the first shear onset transversely polarized (SH). The wavefield direction is estimated by correlation between the vertical rotation rate and the transverse acceleration. The picked times for Pg and Sg onsets are compared to the ones obtained after manual revision on the GIGS station seismometer. The results are compared with the location provided by the national monitoring service of the INGV.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Itália
5.
Curr Psychiatry Rep ; 23(8): 49, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196819

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A high prevalence of clinically significant mental health problems was found in children affected by the Fukushima disaster in Japan. We reviewed the literature on child mental health to examine how disasters impacted children in Fukushima. RECENT FINDINGS: Children's environments, such as family and peer systems, were disrupted by radiation concerns and evacuation. As children struggled with less resources at home and school, they also had to deal with discrimination. Various interventions were implemented, ranging from government financial assistance to several mental health services provided by local care resources to families and children. In addition to organizing such interventions discretely in each microsystem, a collaborative approach involving various intervening entities across multiple levels was deemed necessary for providing comprehensive support to the affected children and their families. To promote the healthy psychological development of children, it is necessary to provide multidimensional support for their families, particularly parents, through multidisciplinary collaboration between professionals involved in child and family care.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Criança , Ecossistema , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 783: 146998, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34088130

RESUMO

On 11 March 2011, a catastrophic earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit the Pacific coast of northern Japan, devastating many of the towns, villages and coastal ecosystems located along the shoreline. To assess the impacts of the disaster, we investigated temporal dynamics of fish and epibenthic megafaunal community structure in relation to changes in a range of physical, biological and anthropogenic variables between 2007 and 2018 in Onagawa Bay. Commercially important fish such as greenlings, Japanese anchovy, flatfishes, rockfishes were consistently abundant in both larval and adult fish assemblages. While abundance, species richness, and Shannon index H' for adult fish and epibenthic megafaunal assemblages increased significantly soon after the disaster to peak values towards the end of the study period, the same metrics did not change accordingly for larval fish assemblages. Temporal dynamics of larval fish community clearly demonstrated significant seasonal variation along with changes in large-scale environmental conditions such as temperature and nutrients. However, anthropogenic components such as decline in human population, reduction in fishing pressure and the recovery of aquaculture operations significantly explained the observed post-disaster change in adult fish and epibenthic megafaunal communities. The pelagic and benthic components of Onagawa Bay appeared to have responded to the 2011 disaster very differently, and this study suggests the post-disaster recovery and dynamics of the coastal ecosystems may be regulated by how human societies respond to the impacts of a tsunami catastrophe through their influences on benthic habitat of ecosystems.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Animais , Ecossistema , Humanos , Japão , Tsunamis
7.
Environ Monit Assess ; 193(7): 405, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110509

RESUMO

The massive destruction and loss caused by the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman tsunami were attributed to the lack of knowledge on tsunami and low regional detection and communication systems for early warning in that region. This study aimed to identify locations at risk of impending tsunami from Andaman Sea for the safety of community and proper development planning at the coastal areas by providing an updated and revised inundation maps. The last study on this area was conducted several years ago which open the possibility to new findings. Generated by tsunami simulation models, the maps illustrate the extent and level of inundation to which the coastal community and infrastructure would be subjected. As a result of coastal changes and availability of better topographic data, the existing inundation maps for the coastal areas of northwest Peninsular Malaysia at risk to impending tsunami from the Andaman Sea are revised. This paper documented the computational setup leading to the generation of the revised inundation maps. The tsunami simulation model TUNA was used to simulate the generation, propagation, and subsequent run-up and inundation of tsunamis triggered by earthquakes of moment magnitudes (Mw) 8.5, 9.0, and 9.25 along the Sunda Trench. From the simulations, it was found that at Mw 9.25, Balik Pulau, Pulau Pinang would be subjected to inundation of as far as 3.47 km with 5.40-m-deep inundation at the highest section.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Tsunamis , Monitoramento Ambiental , Indonésia , Malásia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34063567

RESUMO

Acute onset disasters impact children's and adolescents' psychological well-being, often leading to mental health challenges. The way a young person copes with the event plays a significant role in development of post-disaster psychopathology. Coping has been widely studied after acute onset disasters, however, difficulties conducting research in post-disaster contexts and the individualized nature of coping make accurate assessment of coping a significant challenge. A systematic literature search of multiple databases and previous reviews was conducted, exploring scholarly documentation of coping measurement and the relationship between coping and post-traumatic stress (PTSS) symptoms after acute onset disasters. A total of 384 peer-reviewed manuscripts were identified, and 18 articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the current review. The studies examined coping and post-traumatic stress in the wake of acute onset disasters such as terrorist events and natural disasters, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, and wildfires. Greater PTSS symptoms were related to internalizing, externalizing, rumination, and avoidant coping strategies. Coping measurement was constrained due to measurement variance, lack of developmentally and contextually vali-dated instruments, theoretical misalignment, and absence of comprehensive tools to assess coping. Robust and consistent measures of coping should be established to inform research and interventions to reduce the impact of disasters on children's and adolescents' well-being.


Assuntos
Tempestades Ciclônicas , Desastres , Terremotos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34066563

RESUMO

Earthquake-induced tsunamis have the potential to cause extensive damage to natural and built environments and are often associated with fatalities, injuries, and infectious disease outbreaks. This review aims to examine the occurrence of respiratory infections (RIs) and to elucidate the risk factors of RI transmission following tsunamis which were induced by earthquakes in the last 20 years. Forty-seven articles were included in this review and referred to the RIs emergence following the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman, the 2009 Samoa, and the 2011 Japan earthquakes. Polymicrobial RIs were commonly detected among near-drowned tsunami survivors. Influenza outbreaks were commonly detected during the influenza transmission period. Overcrowded conditions in evacuation centers contributed to increased acute RI incidence rate, measles transmission, and tuberculosis detection. Destruction of health care infrastructures, overcrowded evacuation shelters, exposure to high pathogen densities, aggravating weather conditions, regional disease endemicity, and low vaccination coverage were the major triggering factors of RI occurrence in post-tsunami disaster settings. Knowledge of risk factors underlying RIs emergence following earthquake-induced tsunami can contribute to the implementation of appropriate disaster prevention and preparedness plans characterized by sufficient environmental planning, resistant infrastructures, resilient health care facilities, and well-established evacuation centers. Global and local disease surveillance is a key prerequisite for early warning and protection against RIs' emergence and transmission in tsunami-prone areas.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres , Desastres , Terremotos , Infecções Respiratórias , Humanos , Indonésia , Japão/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Gestão de Riscos , Tsunamis
10.
BMJ Open ; 11(5): e040710, 2021 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952531

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term (psychosomatic) health consequences of man-made earthquakes compared with a non-exposure control group. Exposure was hypothesised to have an increasingly negative impact on health outcomes over time. SETTING: Large-scale gas extraction in the Netherlands causing earthquakes and considerable damage. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of inhabitants randomly selected from municipal population records; contacted 5 times during 21 months (T1: N=3934; T5: N=2150; mean age: 56.54; 50% men; at T5, N=846 (39.3%) had no, 459 (21.3%) once and 736 (34.2%) repeated damages). MAIN MEASURES: (Psychosomatic) health outcomes: self-rated health and Mental Health Inventory (both: validated; Short Form Health Survey); stress related health symptoms (shortened version of previously validated symptoms list). Independent variable: exposure to the consequences of earthquakes assessed via physical (peak ground acceleration) and personal exposure (damage to housing: none, once, repeated). RESULTS: Exposure to induced earthquakes has negative health consequences especially for those whose homes were damaged repeatedly. Compared with a no-damage control group, repeated damage was associated with lower self-rated health (OR:1.64), mental health (OR:1.83) and more stress-related health symptoms (OR:2.52). Effects increased over time: in terms of relative risk, by T5, those whose homes had repeated damage were respectively 1.60 and 2.11 times more likely to report poor health and negative mental health and 2.84 times more at risk of elevated stress related health symptoms. Results for physical exposure were comparable. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to provide evidence that induced earthquakes can have negative health consequences for inhabitants over time. It identifies the subpopulation particularly at risk: people with repeated damages who have experienced many earthquakes. Findings can have important implications for the prevention of negative health consequences of induced earthquakes.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Feminino , Habitação , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia
11.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 61: 102689, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34004459

RESUMO

Although local government staff are crucial in post-quake reconstruction, their long-term psychological and professional consequences remain unclear. This longitudinal study investigated changes of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and professional burnout over seven years, and their underlying relationship. The study assessed 250 staff at one year (T1y) after the earthquake, and 162 (64.8 %) were followed up at seven years (T7y). PTSD and professional burnout were assessed with the Short Screening Scale for DSM-IV PTSD and the burnout subscale of Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQOL), respectively, at both time points. Longitudinal changes in PTSD and burnout were examined and cross-lagged panel analyses were conducted to test the relationship between PTSD and burnout. The rates of positive cases of PTSD screening were 23.2 % at T1y and 11.1 % at T7y. The percentages of moderate burnout were 61.7 % at T1y and 23.5 % at T7y. Scores of PTSD (z = -5.70, p < 0.001) and burnout (t = 10.07, p < 0.001) from T1y to T7y decreased. The cross-lagged analysis indicated that burnout at T1y predicted PTSD at T7y (ß = 0.19, p = 0.025). In conclusion, the Wenchuan earthquake has long-lasting negative effects on local government staff, although they can recover over time. Interventions to reduce professional burnout after disaster may does be beneficial to decrease the risk of PTSD in the long run.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Terremotos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Governo Local , Estudos Longitudinais , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
12.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 925, 2021 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33992096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social isolation and mental health issues have become a severe problem in disaster areas in the Great East Japan Earthquake. This study examined whether the combination of the house damage and social isolation or the combination of the death of family members and social isolation is associated with depressive symptoms among survivors using the baseline study data of the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project Community-Based Cohort Study (TMM CommCohort Study). METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from a baseline survey of 48,958 participants (18,423 males, 30,535 females; aged 60.1 ± 11.2 years) to examine the association between social isolation measured by the Lubben social network scale 6 (LSNS-6) and depressive symptoms measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depressive Scale (CES-D). The presence of social isolation and depressive symptoms was defined by an LSNS-6 score of < 12 and a CES-D score of ≥16, respectively. We performed a logistic regression analysis to determine the multivariable-adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) [AOR (95% CI)] for depressive symptoms according to sex in the social isolation in comparison to without social isolation, and the associations of the combination of the house damage or the death of family members and social isolation and depressive symptoms. RESULTS: Social isolation was significantly associated with depressive symptoms (males: OR = 1.87; 95% CI = 1.72-2.04, females: OR = 2.13; 95% CI = 2.00-2.26). Both males and females respondents with severe house damage and social isolation had a greater risk of depressive symptoms in comparison to those with an undamaged house and without social isolation (males: OR = 3.40; 95% CI = 2.73-4.24, females: OR = 2.92; 95% CI = 2.46-3.46). The risk of depressive symptoms was also higher in both males and females respondents with the death of family members and social isolation in comparison to those without the death of family members and without social isolation (males: OR = 2.18; 95% CI = 1.90-2.50, females: OR = 2.60; 95% CI = 2.35-2.88). CONCLUSION: The findings suggested that a combination of social isolation and severe house damage and the death of family members caused by a large-scale natural disaster was associated with a higher risk of depressive symptoms although the interaction was not statistically significant.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isolamento Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Health Promot Pract ; 22(1_suppl): 111S-121S, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33942649

RESUMO

A magnitude 7.8 earthquake struck Nepal in 2015, followed by hundreds of aftershocks that led to physical destruction, loss, and negative mental health outcomes. Yet, in the days, months, and years following the disaster, numerous forms of community art rose from the rubble, such as urban murals, spoken word poetry, public dance performances, and sacred art. This study explored the relationship between community art and health, social cohesion, and community resilience in postearthquake Nepal. We utilized photography and audio recorders to capture 19 unique artworks/projects created in the aftermath of the earthquake and conducted in-depth interviews with 19 artists and/or experts about the relationship between art and health in postdisaster contexts. The 19 postearthquake artworks/projects ranged from contemporary paintings to Buddhist ritual dance and reflected the unique combination of the traditional and contemporary necessary for salvaging and restoring Nepali heritage. Findings revealed three key themes regarding linkages between art and mental health in the context of postearthquake Nepal. First, community art offers relief and is a mechanism for coping, through the creation or observation of art. Second, community art can be used as a means of communication, both as a tool for promoting connections and conversations in the community and by communicating messages of hope. Third, community art can promote community cohesion and ultimately serve as a tool to create physical and emotional safe spaces. Overall, there is promise for initiatives that engage artists and communities in arts-based initiatives following traumatic events, such as natural disasters, which can positively affect health. Funding support and development of partnerships with grassroots artists and creators should be promoted in health and development programming, especially for risk reduction and recovery after disasters.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Adaptação Psicológica , Comportamento Cooperativo , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Nepal
15.
Am J Disaster Med ; 16(1): 49-57, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33954975

RESUMO

Medical responses to fatal earthquakes have to be rapid to save lives. Here we report the QLARM alert that was issued less than an hour after the magnitude 7.3 Kermanshah, Iran, earthquake of 2017 and the following medical response. The near-real-time estimates of fatalities were 520, on average, and it took official and news reports about 2 days to settle on a minimum of 630 fatalities as a final count. The response of various Iranian agencies was rapid and effective, facilitated by the relatively small area of the disaster (radius of about 50 km). Although this disaster was not large enough to require international first responders to rush to the scene, it is clear that in very large earthquake disasters, a fast, accurately informed response saves lives. For international teams to be of optimal use, the locations and functionality levels of health facilities should be known. This information could be included in the earthquake alerts, but the necessary worldwide data on hospitals are currently not available.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres , Desastres , Terremotos , Socorristas , Hospitais , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)
16.
Am J Disaster Med ; 16(1): 59-66, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33954976

RESUMO

Emergency medical teams (EMTs) encounter chaos upon arriving at the scene of a disaster. Rescue efforts are utilitarian and focus on providing the technical aspects of medical care in order to save the most lives at the expense of the individual. This often neglects the basic healthcare rights of the patient. The Sphere Project was initiated to develop universal humanitarian standards for disaster response. The increase in the number of EMTs led the World Health Organization (WHO) to organize standards for disaster response. In 2016, the WHO certified the Israel Defense Forces Field Hospital (IDF-FH) as the first to be awarded the highest level of accreditation (EMT-3). This paper presents the IDF-FH's efforts to protect the patient's healthcare rights in a disaster zone based on the Sphere Principles. These core Sphere Principles include the right to professional medical treatment; the right to dignity, privacy, and confidentiality; the right for information in an understandable language; the right to informed consent; the obligation to maintain private medical records; the obligation to adhere to universal ethical standards, to respect culture and custom and to care for vulnerable populations; the right to protection from sexual exploitation and violence; and the right to continued treatment.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Direito à Saúde , Humanos , Israel , Unidades Móveis de Saúde , Nepal
17.
Enferm Clin ; 31 Suppl 2: S261-S265, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849177

RESUMO

The objective of study is to find out the factors that influence psychological preparedness in the elderly in earthquake disaster-prone areas. A cross-sectional approach was applied to 355 samples generated from Multistage Random Sampling. Univariate, bivariate, and multivariate data analysis was conducted. The questionnaire used in this study has passed the validity and reliability test. The research was conducted in 2019. The results showed a significant relationship between education (p-value=0.001), experience (p-value=0.008), and sense of community (p-value=0.000) in relation to the psychological preparedness of the elderly toward potential earthquakes. It was found that an education most influenced psychological preparedness, showing an odds ratio (OR) of 2684. The results of the study prove research-related interventions that can be done to increase the knowledge, which in the end is expected to increase the readiness of the elderly.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Enferm Clin ; 31 Suppl 2: S386-S390, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849206

RESUMO

Earthquakes are natural disasters that cause many fatalities due to lack of preparedness. This study aims to discuss the relationship between psychological well-being and earthquake disaster preparedness on the faculty of nursing students at Universitas Indonesia (FoN UI). The study design used a descriptive correlational method with a cross-sectional approach. Data was collected using a demographic data questionnaire, Ryff psychological well-being questionnaire, and earthquake disaster preparedness questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using univariate and bivariate analysis. The results of the statistical tests showed that there was a significant relationship between psychological well-being and earthquake disaster preparedness (p=0.015), with an odds ratio (OR) 4.517. This research is expected to form a basis for developing female mental health promotion programs to maintain and improve psychological well-being and earthquake disaster preparedness.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Enferm Clin ; 31 Suppl 2: S395-S399, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849208

RESUMO

The objective of the study is to determine the effect of thought-stopping therapy on anxiety levels in adolescents living in earthquake-prone areas. This study used quasi-experiment pre-post test with control group, conducted in one of the earthquake-prone areas city in East Java. 112 respondents (the control and the intervention group) were included in the research. Both groups received nursing intervention. In addition to the nursing intervention, the intervention group was asked to use thought-stopping techniques. The HAM-A questionnaire was used to determine anxiety levels. A significant decrease in anxiety in both the control and intervention groups was demonstrated in the present study after the intervention. The intervention group experienced a decrease in the anxiety rating of 5.54, compared to the corresponding decrease in the control group of 2.79. Nursing intervention and thought-stopping are recommended as effective in reducing anxiety in adolescents living in earthquake-prone areas.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Adolescente , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Enferm Clin ; 31 Suppl 2: S419-S423, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849214

RESUMO

Knowledge of earthquake disaster mitigation is part of the preparedness efforts that all communities need, including students of vocational health The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between knowledge of mitigation and attitudes toward disaster preparedness for students in Jakarta. The design of this study was cross-sectional study design with a sample size of 107 regular students from four departments at the Jakarta Ministry of Health Polytechnic I. The average age of the study sample was 19.94 years and most of them were women, who had never attended lecture material and seminars/training related to disasters. This research showed that there was a meaningful relationship between knowledge of mitigation and preparedness in facing earthquake (p=0.01; α=0.05). The results of this study recommend the importance of instilling awareness of mitigation to improve earthquake preparedness.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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