Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 8.238
Filtrar
1.
Zootaxa ; 5128(3): 340-354, 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101169

RESUMO

Previous studies documented colonies of the cheilostome bryozoan Biflustra irregulata rafting across the Pacific Ocean on debris from the 2011 Great East Japan megathrust earthquake and resulting tsunami. They arrived in the eastern Pacific on floating non-biodegradable tsunami debris from 2014 to 2016. Based on a newly discovered occurrence of this species off the west coast of Mexico, we report that this species has successfully expanded its range from the Indo-Pacific to the northeast Pacific following this dispersal event. Colonies were found encrusting barnacles on spiny lobsters from the southeastern Gulf of California.


Assuntos
Briozoários , Terremotos , Animais , Oceano Pacífico , Navios , Tsunamis
2.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 603, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify latent classes of the severity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among the survivors of the earthquake in Bam, south-eastern Iran, 17 years after the disaster. The most influential predictor variables of PTSD classes were also investigated. METHODS: Eight hundred survivors of the Bam earthquake who were at least four years old in that disaster were selected by multistage sampling. The PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version was used. Latent class analysis was performed to identify subgroups of people with different PTSD symptom profiles. Latent class regression analysis was used to explore the influence of demographic and traumatic variables on each class membership. RESULTS: We found three latent classes of PTSD, with the following profiles emerging: Low Symptom (56.6% of the participants), Moderate Symptom (23.5%), and Severe Symptom (19.9%). Old age [OR = 2.20, 95% CI = (1.46, 3.32)], physical injury [OR = 1.95, 95% CI = (1.24, 3.06)], being trapped under the rubble [OR = 1.81, 95% CI = (1.15, 2.86)], and death of a family member [OR = 1.86, 95% CI = (1.12, 3.09)] were positive risk factors for PTSD and increased the chance of being in classes having more severe symptoms. Having a high educational level was a negative risk factor [OR = 0.86, 95% CI = (0.67, 1.11)]. CONCLUSIONS: The severity of PTSD 17 years after the earthquake shows that natural disasters such as earthquakes have long-term consequences, and earthquake survivors must have psychological support and long term health care. After any catastrophic earthquake, governments should establish psychology and psychotherapy centers for earthquake victims, and these centers should support earthquake victims for a sufficiently long time.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078413

RESUMO

Seismic disasters are sudden and unpredictable, often causing massive damage, casualties and socioeconomic losses. Rapid and accurate determination of the scale and degree of destruction of the seismic influence field in an affected area can aid in timely emergency rescue work after an earthquake. In this study, the relationship between the changes in four types of mobile signaling data and the seismic influence field was explored in the 2017 Jiuzhaigou earthquake-hit area, China, by using the methods of comparative analysis, regression analysis and spatial autocorrelation analysis. The results revealed that after the earthquake, the number of mobile signaling significantly decreased. The higher the intensity, the more obvious the reduction of mobile signaling data and the later the recovery time. The Loginmac and WiFi data showed greater sensitivity than Gid and Station. There was a significant correlation between the changes in the mobile signaling numbers and the seismic intensity, which can more accurately reflect the approximate extent of the seismic influence field and the degree of actual damage. The changes in mobile signaling can provide a helpful reference for the rapid determination of seismic influence fields.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , China , Trabalho de Resgate
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078569

RESUMO

Large-scale natural disasters have a significant effect on residents' mental health. The Miyagi Disaster Mental Health Care Center (DMHCC) was established as a long-term mental health care center in response to the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami (GEJE). Although six DMHCCs have been established in Japan, their exact role and functioning are still unclear. This study aimed to explore which population used the center in each recovery phase. Logistic regression was performed to identify the residents' characteristics according to the consultation pathways using the data collected by the Miyagi DMHCC. These data included personal information of the residents who were supported by the center from 2013 to 2018. The working-age unemployed men sought help by themselves, and the isolated older females were supported by home visits through the health survey. Long-term mental health care centers should observe community recovery and provide appropriate support. The implications of this result and future research directions are discussed.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Tsunamis
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), numerous studies have been conducted, but no comprehensive review study has been carried out. Thus, this literature review aimed to examine how the GEJE might affect suicide and suicidal behaviors from a long-term perspective. METHODS: For the literature review, a search of electronic databases was carried out to find articles written in English and in Japanese that were related to suicide and its risk factors, as well as suicide prevention activities following the GEJE. Thirty-two articles were then selected for the review. RESULTS: There were several findings, as follows: (1) gender differences in suicide rates in the affected area: nationwide, the suicide rates in men showed a delayed increase, whereas suicide rates in women increased temporarily immediately after the GEJE; (2) the suicide rates increased again in the recovery phase; (3) the background of the suicides was linked to both disaster-related experiences, and indirect reasons pertaining to the GEJE; and (4) intensive intervention combined with a high-risk and community-focused approach could prevent suicides following the disaster. CONCLUSIONS: Although further accumulation of knowledge about suicide and suicide prevention is essential, these findings can contribute to response, recovery, and preparedness in relation to future disasters.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Suicídio , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Suicídio/prevenção & controle
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078753

RESUMO

In Peru, major disasters like the 2007 Pisco earthquake have produced high rates of post-traumatic stress. However, evidence is still needed to strengthen interventions. In 2021, a major earthquake struck Piura, in northern Peru. In this context, we aimed to assess the prevalence of PTSD and its associated factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted during August-September 2021 in people who experienced the 6.1 Piura earthquake on 30 July 2021. The questionnaire included the PCL-C, CD-RISC, ISI, HFIAS, and additional demographic data. Generalized linear models were used. The prevalence of PTSD was 20.3%. Household income was between PEN 2001 and 3000 (PR = 4.26, 95% CI: 1.08-16.75), smoking (PR = 2.49, 95% CI: 1.03-6.01), experience of a nervous breakdown (PR = 1.83, 95% CI: 1.09-3.09), moderate food insecurity (PR = 2.91, 95% CI: 1.10-7.73), and severe insomnia (PR = 8.25, 95% CI: 2.22-30.71) increased the prevalence of PTSD. One out of five individuals experienced post-traumatic stress symptoms after the 2021 earthquake in Piura, which varies depending on socioeconomic, psychosocial, and individual factors. Further research should strengthen these findings to ensure a fair and early mental health intervention against new seismic events in this and other Peruvian regions.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Peru/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sobreviventes/psicologia
7.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(17)2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080885

RESUMO

It is necessary to detect the structural damage condition of essential buildings immediately after an earthquake to identify safe structures, evacuate, or resume crucial activities. For this reason, a CNN methodology proposed to detect the structural damage condition of a building is here improved and validated for two currently instrumented essential buildings (Tahara City Hall and Toyohashi Fire Station). Three-dimensional frames instead of lumped mass models are used for the buildings. Besides this, a methodology to select records is introduced to reduce the variability of the structural responses. The maximum inter-storey drift and absolute acceleration of each storey are used as damage indicators. The accuracy is evaluated by the usability of the building, total damage condition, storey damage condition, and total comparison of the damage indicators. Finally, the maximum accuracy and R2 of the responses are obtained as follows: for the Tahara City Hall building, 90.0% and 0.825, respectively; for the Toyohashi Fire Station building, 100% and 0.909, respectively.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Redes Neurais de Computação
8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(17)2022 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080941

RESUMO

Earthquakes threaten people, homes, and infrastructure. Early warning systems provide prior warning of oncoming significant shaking to decrease seismic risk by providing location, magnitude, and depth information of the event. Their usefulness depends on how soon a strong shake begins after the warning. In this article, the authors implement a deep learning model for predicting earthquakes. This model is based on a graph convolutional neural network with batch normalization and attention mechanism techniques that can successfully predict the depth and magnitude of an earthquake event at any number of seismic stations in any number of locations. After preprocessing the waveform data, CNN extracts the feature map. Attention mechanism is used to focus on important features. The batch normalization technique takes place in batches for stable and faster training of the model by adding an extra layer. GNN with extracted features and event location information predicts the event information accurately. We test the proposed model on two datasets from Japan and Alaska, which have different seismic dynamics. The proposed model achieves 2.8 and 4.0 RMSE values in Alaska and Japan for magnitude prediction, and 2.87 and 2.66 RMSE values for depth prediction. Low RMSE values show that the proposed model significantly outperforms the three baseline models on both datasets to provide an accurate estimation of the depth and magnitude of small, medium, and large-magnitude events.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Humanos , Japão , Redes Neurais de Computação
9.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 6555392, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124117

RESUMO

The speed of earthquake emergency web document data cleaning is one of the key factors affecting emergency rescue decision-making. Data classification is the core process of data cleaning, and the efficiency of data classification determines the speed of data cleaning. This article is based on earthquake emergency Web document data and HTML structural features, combined with TF-IDF Algorithm and information calculation model, improves the word frequency factor and location factor parameters, and proposes the weighted frequency algorithm P-TF-IDF for earthquake emergency Web documents. To filter out less frequent words and optimize the FastText model, N-gram Feature word vectors effectively improve the efficiency of Web document data classification; for text classification data, use missing data recognition rules, data classification rules, and data repair rules to design an artificial intelligence-based earthquake emergency network information data cleaning framework to detect invalid data sets value, complete data comparison and redundancy judgment, clean up data conflicts and data errors, and generate a complete data set without duplication. The data cleaning framework not only completes the fusion of earthquake emergency network information but also provides a data foundation for the visualization of earthquake emergency data.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Algoritmos , Inteligência Artificial , Bases de Dados Factuais
10.
Transl Psychiatry ; 12(1): 365, 2022 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068195

RESUMO

Preliminary evidence indicates that natural disasters are associated with an increased risk for schizophrenia. With few longitudinal studies on earthquakes, this retrospective cohort study examined exposure to the 1976 Tangshan earthquake and the subsequent risk of schizophrenia. Population counts and visits to all nine psychiatric hospitals in Tangshan city were collected. We created three cohort groups by earthquake exposure: infant (August 1972 to July 1976 births), fetal (August 1976 to May 1977 births), and unexposed (June 1977 to May 1981 births). The cumulative incidence of schizophrenia in each cohort was calculated by dividing the number of schizophrenia patients by total births in the corresponding period. Altogether, 6424 schizophrenia patients were identified, with 2786 in the infant group, 663 in the fetal group, and 2975 in the unexposed group. The crude cumulative incidence of schizophrenia in the infant, fetal and unexposed groups were 7.64 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 7.36-7.92), 9.07 (95% CI = 8.38-9.76), and 7.40 (95% CI = 7.13-7.66) per thousand population respectively. Adjusted for mortality, the corresponding figures were 7.73 (95% CI = 7.44-8.01), 9.30 (95% CI = 8.60-10.01) and 7.44 (95% CI = 7.18-7.71) per thousand population respectively. The mortality-adjusted risk ratio (aRR) was 1.25 (95% CI = 1.15-1.36) between fetal and unexposed groups (χ2 = 27.31, P < 0.001). Males exposed as infants did not differ from the unexposed in cumulative schizophrenia incidence. People with fetal exposure to the 1976 earthquake had 25% higher risk of developing schizophrenia compared to unexposed counterparts.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Esquizofrenia , Coorte de Nascimento , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia
11.
J Adv Nurs ; 78(10): 3141-3158, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35989672

RESUMO

AIMS: To map the nursing skills required for different types of disasters. DESIGN: This was a scoping review of research studies conducted between July and August 2021. We conducted a systematic literature search of nine electronic databases from inception till July 2021, and an updated search was done in April 2022. This review is based on the methodological framework of Arksey and O'Malley (2005), which was further refined by the Joanna Briggs Institute. DATA SOURCES: A range of electronic databases was searched systematically, including CINAHL, Cochrane, Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI and Ichushi-Web. Articles published in Chinese, English and Japanese were selected for the review. REVIEW METHODS: The PCC model was used to frame the inclusion criteria. Studies were screened, appraised and extracted by two reviewers, and the study findings were narratively synthesized. RESULTS: We identified nursing skills for five types of natural disasters including (1) earthquakes, (2) typhoons, (3) tsunamis, (4) marine disasters and (5) infectious diseases and three man-made disasters: (1) radiation disasters, (2) bioterrorism and (3) war. Among these, there are five types of common professional skills nurses are required to possess including casualty triage, observation and monitoring, basic first aid techniques, psychological care and communication skills. In addition, it was shown that different disasters require different specific professional skills. CONCLUSION: This scoping review explored the disaster nursing skills required for eight types of disasters and provides evidence for future education and training. Further research is needed to build more accurate scenario-based simulation training programs to provide more insights into future disaster precision nursing. IMPACT: This scoping review provides evidence for future education and training in disaster nursing to improve nurses' knowledge and competencies in dealing with the different types of disaster situations.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Triagem
12.
J Psychiatr Res ; 154: 102-110, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933853

RESUMO

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common and disabling condition with high incidence after an earthquake. The objective of the present study was to identify risk factors associated with the occurrence and persistence of PTSD. Individuals (18-65 years old) who experienced the earthquake of September 19th, 2017, attended the National Institute of Psychiatry (INPRFM) between October and November 2017 (baseline n = 68). Participants were followed 4-6 (first follow-up, n = 40) and 7-9 (second follow-up n = 41) months after the earthquake. Delay returning to normal activities, a negative emotional valence to a previous earthquake, comorbidity with depression, history of childhood maltreatment, and low expression of Glucocorticoid Receptor (GR) were associated with PTSD in the basal assessment. The earthquake-related variable associated with the persistence of PTSD at the second follow-up was that the earthquake had directly affected the participants, either because they were evicted, had damage to their homes, or suffered some injury. Comorbidity with dysthymia, history of childhood maltreatment, and higher severity of PTSD in the basal assessment were associated with persistent PTSD in the second follow-up. The lower expression of the FK506 binding protein 5 (FKBP5) in participants with persistent PTSD in the second follow-up was better explained by childhood physical abuse than with PTSD severity. These findings suggest that acute exposure to earthquake-related stressful situations is relevant for the initial risk of PTSD, while potential long-term stressful conditions are associated with its persistence. Likewise, molecular markers associated with hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal-axis dysregulation were differentially associated with PTSD diagnosis at the different assessment times.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Comorbidade , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores de Glucocorticoides , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Front Public Health ; 10: 920233, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35979472

RESUMO

The deterioration of the living environment caused by the earthquake is the main migration motivation of residents in the area of the secondary earthquake disaster, and their migration intention is one of the most important factors affecting residents' happiness. This paper uses 957 effective survey samples from 12 secondary geological disaster areas after the Wenchuan earthquake to research the migration intention of residents and its influencing factors. It can be found that 45.2% of residents are willing to migrate, which means they have an instinctive reaction to profit-seeking and harm-avoiding, but it has not become a realistic choice. Investigation facts and research results show that the instinctive response of profit-seeking and harm-avoiding drives residents to make different choices. The migration of residents in areas where secondary geological disasters occur is affected not only by disasters such as debris flow, landslides, and collapse, but also by many factors such as life convenience, family income, expectations for future life, gender, education level, psychological feeling. The improved life and the optimization of the economic conditions brought about by the success of post-disaster reconstruction have made the vast majority of people more confident in the future of the disaster-stricken areas, which made most people choose to stay in those areas. This paper will provide policy suggestions for residents' migration and the reconstruction of the local social governance system in secondary geological disaster areas, which is helpful to improve ecological livability and residents' happiness in the Wenchuan earthquake-stricken area.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Humanos , Renda , Intenção , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(16)2022 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36015819

RESUMO

Distributed acoustic sensing techniques based on Rayleigh scattering have been widely used in many applications due to their unique advantages, such as long-distance detection, high spatial resolution, and wide sensing bandwidth. In this paper, we provide a review of the recent advancements in distributed acoustic sensing techniques. The research progress and operation principles are systematically reviewed. The pivotal technologies and solutions applied to distributed acoustic sensing are introduced in terms of polarization fading, coherent fading, spatial resolution, frequency response, signal-to-noise ratio, and sensing distance. The applications of the distributed acoustic sensing are covered, including perimeter security, earthquake monitoring, energy exploration, underwater positioning, and railway monitoring. The potential developments of the distributed acoustic sensing techniques are also discussed.


Assuntos
Acústica , Terremotos , Refração Ocular , Razão Sinal-Ruído
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954851

RESUMO

There has been an increase in lifestyle-related diseases in Fukushima Prefecture since the Great East Japan Earthquake. However, the overall long-term trends of lifestyle-related diseases in the Fukushima Prefecture according to the evacuation and other area are not reported. Therefore, we examined the long-term trends in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome before and after the Great East Japan Earthquake in Fukushima Prefecture according to these areas using a national database. The target population was approximately 330,000-440,000 per year; Fukushima Prefecture residents aged 40-74 years who underwent specific health check-ups during 2008-2017 participated in the study. Fukushima was divided into mountainous, central, coastal and evacuation areas. Using the Poisson regression model, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in each fiscal year was determined by gender and age group for each location and compared before and after the disaster as well as between areas. Prevalence increased significantly throughout the observation period, particularly in the evacuation area. Age- and gender-adjusted prevalence rates significantly increased from 16.2% in 2010 to 19.5% in 2012 (prevalence ratios = 1.21) and 20.4% in 2017 in the evacuation area. Among other areas, coastal areas showed the highest increase with 17.9% (2017), followed by central areas with 16.5% (2017) and mountainous areas with 18.3% (2016). These increases were particularly high among men and the elderly. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome increased rapidly after the disaster, especially in evacuation area, and continued for subsequent 6-7 year. Long-term monitoring and measures to prevent lifestyle-related diseases are needed after major disasters, especially in evacuation areas, among men and the elderly.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Síndrome Metabólica , Idoso , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia
17.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0271533, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35994478

RESUMO

Currently, the connectivity calculation of complex pipeline networks is mostly simplified or ignores the influence of nodes such as elbows and tees on the connectivity reliability of the entire network. Historical earthquake damage shows that the seismic performance of municipal buried pipelines depends on the ability of nodes and interfaces to resist deformation. The influence of node reliability on network connectivity under reciprocal loading is a key issue to be addressed. Therefore, based on the general connectivity probabilistic analysis algorithm, this paper embeds the reliability of nodes into the reliability of edges, and derives a more detailed and comprehensive on-intersecting minimum path recursive decomposition algorithm considering elbows, tees, and other nodes; then, based on the reliability calculation theory of various pipeline components, the reliability of various nodes in different soil is calculated using finite element numerical simulation; finally, the reliability of a small simple pipeline network and a large complex pipeline network are used as examples to reveal the importance of considering nodes in the connectivity calculation of pipeline network. The reliability of the network system decreases significantly after considering the nodes such as elbows and tees. The damage of one node usually causes the failure of the whole pipes of the path. The damage probability is greater in the area with dense elbow and tee nodes. In this study, all types of nodes that are more prone to damage are considered in detail in the calculation. As a result, the proposed algorithm has been improved in computational accuracy, which lays the foundation for further accurate calculation of pipeline network connectivity.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Terremotos , Simulação por Computador , Probabilidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 18(9): 5692-5702, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35951409

RESUMO

A long-standing challenge in protein biophysics is to understand protein quake in myoglobin─the structural dynamics responsible for redistributing the excess heme energy after photolysis. Despite extensive efforts, the molecular mechanism of this process remains elusive. Using the energy flow theory, we uncovered a fundamental new phenomenon: the heme energy is redistributed by sinusoidal waves with a ubiquitous fundamental frequency and two overtones. The energy waves emanate from the heme into the myoglobin backbone via a conduit of five consecutive dihedrals of the proximal histidine and then travel quickly along the backbone to reach sidechains across the protein. This mechanism is far more effective than the diffusion-based mechanism from previous studies because waves are systematic while diffusion is random. To propagate energy waves, coordinates must cooperate, resulting in collective modes that are singular vectors of the generalized work functional. These modes show task partitioning: a handful of high-energy modes generate large-scale breathing motion, which loosens up the protein matrix to enable hundreds of low-energy vibrational modes for energy transduction.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Monóxido de Carbono/química , Difusão , Heme/química , Mioglobina/química
20.
J Radiol Prot ; 42(3)2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35998567

RESUMO

Disaster deaths can be classified into direct and indirect deaths. Direct deaths are those caused by the direct physical effects of disasters, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, and radiation exposure. Indirect deaths are those caused by secondary health effects such as emergency evacuation, relocation, evacuation environment, disruption of health care delivery services, and psychosocial effects. In addition, in Japan, the term disaster-related deaths refers to indirect deaths in accordance with the disaster condolence payments system, which provides relief for bereaved families. On 11 March 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake exposed several issues related to disaster-related deaths in Japan. Therefore, on 1 February 2022, a symposium on disaster-related deaths hosted by this study was held on the website. The symposium discussed the issues and challenges associated with disaster-related deaths for future disaster preparedness. The authors introduced the concept of 'shaking' at the symposium by defining 'shaking' as 'the repeated changes in the social and living environment that worsen health conditions, regardless of the disaster'. It was also pointed out that vulnerable populations are more likely to experience more pronounced health effects. This generalised concept of 'shaking' associated with disaster-related deaths suggests that it is important to anticipate disasters before they occur to take specific preventive measures, targeted at vulnerable populations. This study found that disaster-related deaths in Japan create several problems in terms of future radiation disaster preparedness and medical countermeasures. In the future, there will be a need to examine the relevance of the issues of disaster-related deaths identified as a result of this symposium for future radiation disaster preparedness.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Centrais Nucleares , Tsunamis
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...