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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e224265, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1354719

RESUMO

Aim: This study assessed the color and translucency stability of a polymer infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) and compared it with a resin composite (RC) and a feldspathic ceramic (FEL). Methods: Disc-shaped samples of a PICN (Vita Enamic), a feldspathic ceramic (Vitablocks Mark II), and a resin composite (Brava block) were prepared from CAD/CAM blocks. PICN and RC surfaces were finished with a sequence of polishing discs and diamond paste. FEL samples received a glaze layer. The samples were subjected to 30-min immersions in red wine twice a day for 30 days. CIEL*a*b* coordinates were assessed with a spectrophotometer at baseline and after 15 and 30 days of immersion. Color alteration (ΔE00) and translucency parameter (TP00) were calculated with CIEDE2000. Average roughness was measured before the staining procedures. Color difference and translucency data were analyzed with repeated-measures ANOVA and Tukey's tests. Roughness was analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: Roughness was similar among the experimental groups. All materials had their color alteration significantly increased from 15 to 30 days of staining. PICN reached an intermediate ΔE00 between FEL and RC at 15 days. PICN revealed a color alteration as high as the composite after 30 days. No statistical difference was observed regarding translucency. Conclusion: PICN was not as color stable as the feldspathic ceramic at the end of the study. Its color alteration was comparable to the resin composite when exposed to red wine. However, the translucency of the tested materials was stable throughout the 30-day staining


Assuntos
Propriedades de Superfície , Teste de Materiais , Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Cor , Resinas Compostas
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225757, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1366215

RESUMO

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of frozen storage on the physical properties of a silicone-based test food material, highly used to evaluate the masticatory performance in research settings. Methods: A total of 1,666 silicone cubes of Optosil Comfort® with 5.6-mm edges were shaped and stored at -18°C. The cubes were subsequently tested for flexural strength (maximum force, displacement, stress, and strain) before breaking (n = 136), changes in weight and size (n = 170), and masticatory performance (n = 1360) at eight timepoints: immediately after cube preparation (baseline, no freezing), and 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks, and 2, 4 and 6 months after frozen storage. The cubes were thawed 8 h before each assessment. Results: The maximum force, stress, maximum displacement, and deformation values for the cubes were not affected by freezing (P > 0.05). At all of the time points, the cubes exhibited similar weight (P = 0.366) and size (identical values). The masticatory performance for the cubes also showed no differences from baseline through 6 months (P = 0.061). Conclusion: Freezing Optosil Comfort® silicone cubes did not alter the physical and mechanical properties of the material, being suitable to optimize the assessment of masticatory parameters for research purposes


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Elastômeros de Silicone , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Propriedades Físicas , Congelamento , Resistência à Flexão , Mastigação , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225263, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1369650

RESUMO

Aim: This study was fulfilled to evaluate the flexural strength, micro-hardness, and release of two fluoride ions of bioactive restorative materials (Cention N and Activa Bioactive), a resin modified glass ionomer (Fuji II LC), and a resin composite (Filtek z250). Methods: Forty samples from four restorative materials (Activa Bioactive, Fuji II LC, Cention N, and Filtek Z250) were provided according to the current standards of ISO 4049/2000 guide lines. Subsequently, the samples were stored for 24 hours and 6 months in artificial saliva, and successively, flexural strength and micro-hardness of the samples were measured. For each studied groups the pH was decreased from 6.8 to 4 in storage solution. The rate of changes in fluoride ion release was measured after three different storage periods of 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 months in distilled water, according to the previous studies' method. Two-way ANOVA, One-way ANOVA, Tukey HSD Pair wise comparisons, and independent t-tests were used to analyze data (α= 0.05). Results: The highest flexural strength and surface micro-hardness after 24 hours and also after 6 month were observed for Cention N(p<0.001).Flexural strength of all samples stored for 6 months was significantly lower than the samples stored for 24 hours(p<0.001). The accumulative amount of the released fluoride ion in RMGI, after six-month storage period in distilled water was considerably higher (p<0.001) than 24 hours and 48 hours storage. The amount of fluoride ion release with increasing acidity of the environment (from pH 6.8 to 4) in Fuji II LC glass ionomer was higher than the bioactive materials (p<0.05). Conclusion: The flexural strength of RMGI was increased after storage against the Activa Bioactive,Cention N and Z250 composite. Storage of restorative materials in artificial saliva leads to a significant reduction in micro hardness. The behavior and amount of released fluoride ions in these restorative materials, which are stored in an acidic environment, were dependent on the type of restorative material


Assuntos
Saliva Artificial , Teste de Materiais , Materiais Dentários , Fenômenos Físicos
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(11)2022 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682779

RESUMO

Magnesium (Mg)-based degradable alloys have attracted substantial attention for tissue engineering applications due to their biodegradability and potential for avoiding secondary removal surgeries. However, insufficient data in the existing literature regarding Mg's corrosion and gas formation after implantation have delayed its wide clinical application. Since the surface properties of degradable materials constantly change after contact with body fluid, monitoring the behaviour of Mg in phantoms or buffer solutions could provide some information about its physicochemical surface changes over time. Through surface analysis and spectroscopic analysis, we aimed to investigate the structural and functional properties of degradable disks. Since bubble formation may lead to inflammation and change pH, monitoring components related to acidosis near the cells is essential. To study the bubble formation in cell culture media, we used a newly developed Mg alloy (based on Mg, zinc, and calcium), pure Mg, and commercially available grade 2 Titanium (Ti) disks in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM) solution to observe their behaviour over ten days of immersion. Using surface analysis and the information from near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), we concluded on the conditions associated with the medical risks of Mg alloy disintegration. NIRS is used to investigate the degradation behaviour of Mg-based disks in the cell culture media, which is correlated with the surface analysis where possible.


Assuntos
Ligas , Magnésio , Ligas/química , Corrosão , Magnésio/química , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Espectrometria por Raios X , Propriedades de Superfície
5.
Head Face Med ; 18(1): 18, 2022 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35690829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human gingival fibroblast (HGF-1) cells in the connective tissue provide an effective barrier between the alveolar bone and the oral environment. Cement margins of restorations with intrasulcular preparation or cemented implant restorations are in contact with HGF cells. However, it is unknown to what extend the cement surface finish affects the behavior of HGF cells. The purpose of this study was to compare the behavior of HGF-1 cells in contact with two different resin composite cements with three different surface treatments after light-curing and autopolymerization, respectively. METHODS: Disks of one adhesive (Multilink Automix, Ivoclar Vivadent [MLA]) and one self-adhesive (RelyX Unicem 2 Automix, 3 M [RUN]) resin composite cement were either light-cured or autopolymerized. Specimen surfaces were prepared with the oxygen inhibition layer intact, polished with P2500-grit silicon carbide paper or treated with a scaler. Cells were cultivated on the specimens for 24 h. Viability assay was performed, and cell morphology was examined with scanning electron microscopy. Additionally, roughness parameters of the specimen were analyzed with a 3D laser scanning microscope. Three-way ANOVA was applied to determine the effect of cement material, curing mode and surface treatment (a = 0.05). RESULTS: Overall, cement material (p = 0.031), curing mode (p = 0.001), and surface treatment (p < 0.001) significantly affected relative cell viability of HGF. The autopolymerized specimen with the oxygen inhibition layer left intact displayed the lowest relative cell viability (MLA 25.7%, RUN 46.6%). Removal of the oxygen inhibition layer with a scaler increased cell viability but also resulted in higher surface roughness values. CONCLUSIONS: HGF cell viability is affected by the surface treatment and the curing mode. The oxygen inhibition layer is an inhibitory factor for the viability of HGF cells. Autopolymerization enhances the cytotoxic potential of the oxygen inhibition layer.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Resinas Compostas/farmacologia , Cimentos Dentários , Materiais Dentários , Fibroblastos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Oxigênio , Cimentos de Resina/farmacologia , Propriedades de Superfície
6.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0268542, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35675288

RESUMO

Proper respiratory tract protection is the key factor to limiting the rate of COVID-19 spread and providing a safe environment for health care workers. Traditional N95 (FFP2) respirators are not easy to regenerate and thus create certain financial and ecological burdens; moreover, their quality may vary significantly. A solution that would overcome these disadvantages is desirable. In this study a commercially available knit polyester fleece fabric was selected as the filter material, and a total of 25 filters of different areas and thicknesses were prepared. Then, the size-resolved filtration efficiency (40-400 nm) and pressure drop were evaluated at a volumetric flow rate of 95 L/min. We showed the excellent synergistic effect of expanding the filtration area and increasing the number of filtering layers on the filtration efficiency; a filter cartridge with 8 layers of knit polyester fabric with a surface area of 900 cm2 and sized 25 × 14 × 8 cm achieved filtration efficiencies of 98% at 95 L/min and 99.5% at 30 L/min. The assembled filter kit consists of a filter cartridge (14 Pa) carried in a small backpack connected to a half mask with a total pressure drop of 84 Pa at 95 L/min. In addition, it is reusable, and the filter material can be regenerated at least ten times by simple methods, such as boiling. We have demonstrated a novel approach for creating high-quality and easy-to-breathe-through respiratory protective equipment that reduces operating costs and is a green solution because it is easy to regenerate.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Dispositivos de Proteção Respiratória , Aerossóis , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Desenho de Equipamento , Filtração/métodos , Humanos , Máscaras , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Poliésteres
7.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 224, 2022 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35672818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of enamel-surface modifications on the shear bond strength between ceramic brackets bonded using different adhesive materials and the enamel surface and to identify the most suitable clinical adhesive and bonding method. Whether the non-acid-etching treatment met the clinical bond strength was also determined. METHODS: A total of 108 extracted premolars were divided into nine groups (n = 12) based on the different enamel-surface modification techniques (acid etching, deproteinization, and wetting). Group 1 was bonded with Transbond™ XT adhesive, whereas groups 2-9 were bonded with resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC). The treatment methods for each group were as follows: groups 1 and 2, acid etching; group 3, acid etching and wetting; group 4, acid etching and deproteinization; group 5, acid etching, deproteinization, and wetting; group 6, deproteinization; group 7, deproteinization and wetting; group 8, without treatment; and group 9, wetting. The samples' shear bond strength was measured using an universal testing machine. Adhesive remnant index (ARI) was examined using a stereomicroscope. The enamel-surface morphology was observed with a scanning electron microscope. One-way ANOVA with Tukey's post-hoc test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis, and p < 0.05 and α = 0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The ARIs of groups 1-5 and 6-9 were statistically significant (p = 0.000). The enamel surface of groups 1-5 was demineralized, and only a tiny amount of protein remained in groups 7 and 8, whereas a thick layer of protein remained in groups 8 and 9. CONCLUSIONS: RMGIC adhesive did not damage the enamel surface and achieved the required clinical bond strength. The enamel surface was better treated with 5.25% sodium hypochlorite preferably under non-acid-etching conditions.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente/métodos , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Cimentos Dentários/uso terapêutico , Esmalte Dentário , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química , Cimentos de Resina/uso terapêutico , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Propriedades de Superfície
8.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e936885, 2022 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35643724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The study aimed to assess effect of smokeless tobacco (ST) immersion with thermocycling (TC) on color of Vita Classical shade-guide, surface roughness (Ra) and roughness depth (Rz), and compressive fracture force (CFF) of hybrid polymer-infiltrated-feldspathic ceramic (Vita Enamic), leucite-Feldspathic glass (Vitablocs® Mark II), and zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (Vita Suprinity) CAD/CAM prosthetic ceramic materials. MATERIAL AND METHODS A 48 samples were milled from Vita Enamic, Vita mark II, and Vita Suprinity. VitaPan shade-guide, Ra, and Rz were registered before ST immersion. Then, the same parameters were recorded again after 15 days of ST staining with and without TC. CFFs and fracture modes of samples after 3 months of aging were documented. RESULTS A slight change was observed in VitaPan shade-guide. Ra and Rz of Vita Suprinity (VS) recorded the highest values among ceramic groups at 3 time intervals. Increases in Ra and Rz were observed after immersion and staining with TC. ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc tests were used. Significant differences among and between groups were noticed only before immersion in ST and TC, with P value ³0.00. The highest mean value and SD of CFFs (MPa and Newton) were recorded in Vita Suprinity, followed by Vita Enamic (VE) and Vita mark II (VMII). Reparable fracture was higher in VMII and VS. CONCLUSIONS ST staining and TC caused color changes in VitaPan shade-guide and increases in Ra and Rz of tested materials, with highest and lowest values recorded in VS and VE. CFFs were marginally equal to clinically accepted values for VS and equal or slightly higher than the half values for VE and VMII groups.


Assuntos
Tabaco sem Fumaça , Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Imersão , Teste de Materiais
9.
ACS Appl Bio Mater ; 5(6): 2608-2621, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35654437

RESUMO

Numerous biodegradable Mg-based biomaterials have been developed in recent years because of their outstanding biocompatibility, biodegradation, and mechanical properties. The Mg-based composite is an appropriate candidate for orthopedic implants, such as supporting the fractured bone due to its superb biocompatibility and biodegradation properties. In the present work, a Mg-based biomaterial is developed by incorporating low wt % of alloying elements such as Zn, Ca, Mn, and Sr and ceramic powders such as HAp to improve the biocompatibility and biodegradebility and strengthen the mechanical properties. In this study, the Mg-4Zn-3Ca-1HAp-0.5Mn and Mg-4Zn-2.9Ca-1HAp-0.5Mn-0.1Sr composites are prepared, and the mechanical, microstructure, and in vitro degradation behavior of these composites are studied. The Mg-4Zn-2.9Ca-1HAp-0.5Mn-0.1Sr composite has good mechanical properties and a low uniform in vitro degradation rate (0.587 mm/year). From the dynamic mechanical analysis, it is found that the composites have better damping characteristics than the pure Mg. The composites are chosen for further evaluation. All the composites show no cytotoxicity to MG63 cells. The composite having Sr with PVA/ZrO2 coating showed the highest cell viability. On the basis of the above observation, the viability of the Mg-4Zn-3Ca-1HAp-0.5Mn and Mg-4Zn-2.9Ca-1HAp-0.5Mn-0.1Sr composites is discussed systematically for the use as an orthopedic implant. This investigation delivers a new idea for the evolution of a high-performance Sr-based Mg composite having excellent mechanical and corrosion properties while successfully reducing the cytotoxicity effect.


Assuntos
Ligas , Magnésio , Ligas/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Corrosão , Magnésio/farmacologia , Teste de Materiais
10.
ACS Appl Bio Mater ; 5(6): 2633-2642, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35658422

RESUMO

First metatarsophalangeal joint (MPJ) arthroplasty procedures are a common podiatric procedure. However, almost one-third of cases require revision surgeries because of nonunions. Revision or salvage surgery requires more extensive hardware and bone grafts to recreate the first metatarsal. Unfortunately, salvage surgeries have a similar rate of failure attributed to delayed healing, bone graft dissolution, and the lack of bone ingrowth. Furthermore, patients who suffer from neuropathic comorbidities such as diabetes suffer from a diminished healing capacity. An increase in proinflammatory factors and the high presence of reactive oxygen species (ROS) present in diabetics are linked to lower fusion rates. To this end, there is a need for a clinically relevant bone graft to promote bone fusions in patients with neuropathic comorbidities. Incorporating thiol-ene networks for bone scaffolds has demonstrated increased osteogenic biomarkers over traditional polymeric materials. Furthermore, thiol-ene networks can act as antioxidants. Sulfide linkages within the network have an inherent ability to consume radical oxygen to create sulfoxide and sulfone groups. These unique properties of thiol-ene networks make them a promising candidate as bone grafts for diabetic patients. In this work, we propose a thiol-ene biomaterial to address the current limitations of MPJ fusion in diabetics by characterizing mechanical properties, degradation rates under accelerated conditions, and oxidative responsiveness under pathophysiologic conditions. We also demonstrated that thiol-ene-based materials could reduce the number of hydroxyl radicals associated with neuropathic comorbidities.


Assuntos
Polímeros , Compostos de Sulfidrila , Humanos , Teste de Materiais
11.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e936892, 2022 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35711131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Miswak is a form of chewing stick used to clean teeth in different parts of the world, including Saudi Arabia. We present a description of the effects of miswak derivatives, namely toothpaste, mouthwash, and brushing sticks, on the mean color changes (DE00), compressive fracture resistance values, and fracture modes of polymer-based computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufactured (CAM) prosthetic materials. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty-one rectangular-shaped samples were prepared from lithium disilicate glass-ceramic (IPS e.max CAD), zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (Vita Suprinity), and monochromatic tooth-colored feldspar (Vitablocs Mark II) CAD/CAM ceramics. The color parameters were recorded using spectrophotometer before and after exposing the specimens to the different miswak oral hygiene derivatives for 15 days. Compressive fracture resistance values and fracture types were also assessed, and statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS Vita Suprinity and Vitablocs Mark II miswak sticks had the highest ΔE00 values. Moreover, miswak mouthwash had the lowest ΔE00 values, with significant differences among groups. IPS e.max CAD miswak sticks had the highest mean values of compressive fracture. Vitablocs Mark II had the lowest values for mouthwash and toothpaste. Significant differences were found within the IPS e.max CAD group. Reparable fractures were found in IPS e.max CAD, while semi-reparable fractures were seen in other groups. CONCLUSIONS Most ΔE00 values were within the acceptable clinical range, with IPS e.max CAD showing superior color stability. The mouthwash group showed minimal ΔE00. IPS e.max CAD had the highest mean compressive fracture resistance values with reparable fracture types.


Assuntos
Antissépticos Bucais , Polímeros , Cerâmica , Cor , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Computadores , Porcelana Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Antissépticos Bucais/farmacologia , Propriedades de Superfície , Cremes Dentais
12.
J Adhes Dent ; 24(1): 259-268, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35722936

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of primers on polymerization kinetics of resin-based luting and its effect on the microhardness and bond strength to zirconia. Materials and Methods: Panavia V5 (PV; Kuraray Noritake) with Tooth Primer (TPprimer; Kuraray Noritake) or Clearfil Ceramic Primer (CPprimer; Kuraray Noritake), and RelyX Ultimate (RU; 3M Oral Care) with Scotchbond Universal (SUadhesive; 3M Oral Care) were evaluated. Polymerization kinetics of luting materials with or without primers (TPprimer or SUadhesive) were evaluated using Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy in self- and dual-curing modes (n = 5). Microhardness of luting materials was evaluated after 1, 12, and 24 h (n = 5). Shear bond strengths to zirconia ceramics (Katana Zirconia, Kuraray Noritake; and Lava Esthetic, 3M Oral Care) after 24 h and 1 year (n = 8) were assessed to determine the effect of the following surface treatments: no treatment, non-thermal atmospheric plasma, primer (CPprimer or SUadhesive), and the combination of plasma + primers. Statistical analyses were performed at a 5% significance level. RESULTS: PV achieved a significantly higher degree of conversion (DC) when TPprimer was used, while there was no increase in conversion for RU combined with SUadhesive. Light activation significantly improved polymerization, which also produced greater microhardness. CPprimer and SUadhesive significantly improved immediate bond strength to zirconia ceramics. However, after 1 year, only SUadhesive with RU was able to maintain the bond strength. Plasma surface treatment did not improve bonding to zirconia. CONCLUSION: The use of primers improved the DC for PV only. Light curing produced higher conversion and microhardness for both resin-based luting materials. Bond strength to zirconia was improved when primers were used. However, only RU demonstrated reliable long-term adhesion to zirconia.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Cerâmica/química , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Cinética , Teste de Materiais , Polimerização , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Propriedades de Superfície , Zircônio/química
13.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 10259, 2022 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35715426

RESUMO

This in vitro study synthetized hybrid composite nanoparticles of graphene oxide (GO) and montmorillonite MMt (GO-MMt) by ultrasound treatments. Samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, FT-Raman, FTIR, TEM and SEM. The effect of their incorporation (0.3% and 0.5%) on the mechanical properties in a resin-based composite (RBC) and their bioactivity potential were evaluated. The specimens were characterized by evaluating their 3-point flexural strength (n = 6), modulus of elasticity (n = 6), degree of conversion (n = 6), microhardness (n = 6), contact angle (n = 3) and SEM analysis (n = 3). In vitro test in SBF were conducted in the RBCs modified by the hybrid. Overall, the synthetized hybrid composite demonstrated that GO was intercalated with MMt, showing a more stable compound. ANOVA and Tukey test showed that RBC + 0.3% GO-MMt demonstrated superior values of flexural strength, followed by RBC + 0.5% GO-MMt (p < 0.05) and both materials showed higher values of microhardness. All groups presented a contact angle below 90°, characterizing hydrophilic materials. RBCs modified by the hybrid showed Ca and P deposition after 14 days in SBF. In conclusion, RBCs composed by the hybrid showed promising results in terms of mechanical properties and bioactive potential, extending the application of GO in dental materials.


Assuntos
Bentonita , Grafite , Resinas Compostas , Grafite/farmacologia , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
14.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 10272, 2022 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35715694

RESUMO

This study investigated the potential of adhesive coating for hindering the reactivity of ion-releasing dental restorative materials. Experimental composites were prepared by replacing 10 or 20 wt% of reinforcing fillers with two types of bioactive glass. A glass ionomer, a giomer, and an alkasite were used as representatives of commercial ion-releasing materials. Restorative material specimens were coated with an etch-and-rinse adhesive, 1-step self-etch adhesive, 2-step self-etch adhesive, or left uncoated. The specimens were immersed in a lactic acid solution and ion concentrations were measured in 4 days intervals for 32 days (atomic absorption spectrometry for calcium, UV-Vis spectrometry for phosphate, ion-selective electrode for fluoride, and pH-meter for pH values). The adhesive coating reduced ion release between 0.3 and 307 times, in a significantly material- and adhesive-dependent manner. Fluoride release was most highly impaired, with the reduction of up to 307 times, followed by phosphate and calcium release, which were reduced up to 90 and 45 times, respectively. The effect of different adhesive systems was most pronounced for phosphate release, with the following rankings: uncoated ≥ 2-step self-etch adhesive ≥ 1-step self-etch adhesive ≥ etch-and-rinse adhesive. The differences among adhesives were less pronounced for calcium and fluoride. It was concluded that the resinous adhesive layer can act as a barrier for ion release and diminish the beneficial effects of remineralizing restorative materials.


Assuntos
Fluoretos , Cimentos de Resina , Adesivos , Cálcio , Resinas Compostas/química , Fluoretos/química , Teste de Materiais , Fosfatos , Cimentos de Resina/química
15.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 35(1): 10-15, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35700536

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine Vickers microhardness (HV) in bulk fill resins at different depths. Test specimens were prepared with different bulk fill resins: Filtek Bulk-Fill (3M ESPE) [FBF], Surefill SDR flow (Dentsply) [SDR], Fill-UP (COLTENE) [FU] and Surefill (Dentsply) [SF]. Semi-cylindrical test specimens were prepared in a mold 6 mm in diameter and 4 mm thick (n=5). A 1000 mW/cm2 light curing unit was applied (Coltolux LED - Coltene) for 20 seconds. HV was determined with three indentations (Vickers Future Tech FM300, 300 g, 8 s) at four depths: 1, 2, 3 and 4 mm from the top surface to the interior. Data were recorded immediately (t0) and 24 hours later (t24). Results were analyzed with two-way ANOVA (p<0.05), and multiple comparisons were performed using Tukey's test. Mean and SD of HV at t0 for each mm were: [FBF] t0: 49.23(4.65) / 48.32(3.36) / 44.38(2.06) / 40.59(2.58); [FBF] t24: 61.37(3.47) / 62.63(3.03) / 57.27(5.22) / 56.37(5.88);[SDR]t0:27.81(3.13) / 28.07(2.4) / 27.24(2.94) / 25.71(3.0); [SDR] t24: 35.11(2.16) / 35.17(1.96) / 35.53(1.81) / 33.18(2.08); [FU] t0: 41.43(1.41) / 39.87(0.88) / 38.11(1.81) / 39.09(1.92); [FU] t24: 49.27(1.54) / 48.77(1.77) / 48.65(1.88) / 46.76(4.93); [SF] t0: 71.35(7.09) / 67.39(9.76) / 68.95(6.21) / 64.1(8.35); [SF] t24: 76.06(6.61) / 75.31(9.37) / 75.2(11.57) / 69.81(12.14). ANOVA showed significant effect of material, depth and recording time (p<0.05), and Tukey's test showed that recording sites (depths) differed significantly, giving four homogeneous groups. Under the conditions of this study, it can be concluded that microhardness of bulk-fill resins can be affected by depth and post-curing time.


El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la microdureza Vickers (HV) en resinas bulk-fill a diferentes profundidades. Se confeccionaron probetas semicilíndricas de 6 mm de diámetro y 4 mm de profundidad con diferentes composites de aplicación en bloque (Bulk-fill): Filtek Bulk-Fill (3M ESPE) [FBF], Surefill SDR flow (Dentsply) [SDR], Fill-UP (COLTENE) [FU] y Surefill (Dentsply) [SF]. Se polimerizaron con Coltolux LED (Coltene) con 1000 mW/cm2 durante 20s. La HV se determinó realizando 3 indentaciones con 300 g durante 8 s a 1,2 3 y 4 mm desde la superficie de la probeta hacia el interior inmediatamente después de curada y a las 24 h. Se utilizó un microdurómetro Vickers Future Tech FM300. Los resultados se analizaron estadísticamente mediante ANOVA de dos vías y Prueba de Tukey. La media y DS de HV fueron: [FBF] t0: 49,23(4,65) / 48,32(3,36) / 44,38(2,06) / 40,59(2,58); [FBF] t24: 61,37(3,47) / 62,63(3,03) / 57,27(5,22) / 56,37(5,88);[SDR]t0: 27,81(3,13) /28,07(2,4) / 27,24(2,94) / 25,71(3,0); [SDR] t24: 35,11(2,16) / 35,17(1,96) / 35,53(1,81) / 33,18(2,08); [FU] t0: 41,43(1,41) / 39,87(0,88) / 38,11(1,81) / 39,09(1,92); [FU] t24: 49,27(1,54) / 48,77(1,77) / 48,65(1,88) / 46,76(4,93); [SF] t0: 71,35(7,09) / 67,39(9,76) / 68,95(6,21) / 64,1(8,35); [SF] t24: 76,06(6,61) / 75,31(9,37) / 75,2(11,57) / 69,81(12,14). La evaluación con análisis de varianza mostró el efecto significativo de las variables material, profundidad y momento del registro (p<0,05) y la prueba de Tukey mostró que los sitios de registro (profundidad) fueron estadísticamente significativos, dando cuatro grupos homogéneos. Bajo las condiciones de este estudio podemos concluir que la microdureza de las resinas de inserción en bloque se ve afectada por el nivel de profundidad y el tiempo pos curado.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Polimerização , Propriedades de Superfície
16.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 35(1): 67-73, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35700544

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine color change after accelerated artificial ageing (AAA) of different composite cements that are used with veneers. Five cylindrical test specimens, 15 mm in diameter and 2 mm thick, were made from a single layer of each of the following: RelyX Veneer 3M ESPE (RX), Paracore White Coltene (PC), Solocem White Opaque Coltene (SO), Resin Duo Cement Densell (DC), Panavia V5 Paste Kuraray Noritake (PA) and Panavia F2.0 Kuraray Noritake (PF) (30 specimens altogether). The specimens were light cured following manufacturers' instructions using a Coltolux LED (Coltene) unit. Initial color was determined using an Easyshade - Vita Zahnfabrik Spectrophotometer. Then, the specimens were subjected to AAA for two weeks (336 hours) with cycles of 4 hours of UV light at 60 °C and 4 hours of vapor condensation at 50 °C, successively, after which color was recorded again. Color change was determined for each specimen according to the differenceinshadeon the Vita scale before and after AAA. Results were analyzed using Kruskal Wallis test. Mean and standard deviation for each group were: RX 8.40 (1.52); PC 8.60 (3.13); SO 6.40 (3.51); DC 10.00 (0.00); PA 7.60 (3.29); PF 2.00 (0.00). The Kruskal Wallis test showed significant difference for material (p<0.05), and comparison of means showed difference between Panavia F2.0 and the other materials. A table providing equivalence between the Vita Classic and CIELAB scales was used to transfer the recorded colors to the CIELAB scale, and the color difference ΔE was calculated for each group, where ΔL, Δa and Δb are the differences in the L, a and b values before and after the AAA. The mean and standard deviation were analyzed statistically by the ANOVA test and Tukey's test. Mean and standard deviation for each group were: RX 14.94 (2.02); PC 14.51 (4.02); SO 12.08 (4.53); DC 16.31 (0.00); PA 10.9 (3.38); PF 7.24 (0.00). The ANOVA test showed significantdifferenceformaterial (p<0.05). Tukey's test showed two groups (PF-DC, RX, PA). Under the experimental conditions of this study, it can be concluded that accelerated ageing significantly affects the color stability of the resin based cements tested.


El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar el cambio de coloración de distintos medios de fijación a base de resinas con indicación para carillas estéticas luego de someterse al envejecimiento artificial acelerado (AAA). Se confeccionaron 30 probetas cilíndricas de 15 mm de diámetro y 2 mm de espesor con RelyX Veneer 3M ESPE (RX), Paracore White Coltene (PC), Solocem White Opaque Coltene (SO), Resin Duo Cement Densell (DC), Panavia V5 Paste Kuraray Noritake (PA) y Panavia F2.0 Kuraray Noritake (PF) de una sola capa de material. Se polimerizaron según las indicaciones del fabricante con unidad de curado Coltolux LED (Coltene). Cada grupo quedó conformado con 5 probetas de cada material. Se tomó el color con el espectrofotómetro Easyshade de Vita Zahnfabrik. A continuación, se sometieron a AAA por dos semanas (336 horas) con ciclos de 4 horas de radiaciones ultravioletas a 60°C Y 4 horas de condensación de vapor de agua a 50°C sucesivamente. Unavezterminado esteproceso se volvió a registrar el color. El cambio de color se evaluó dentro de la escala de color, ordenada en función del valor. El dato registrado fue la diferencia en la posición inicial y final en esta escala. Los resultados obtenidos para cada grupo fueron analizados por medio de la prueba de Kruskal Wallis. Los valores de media y desvío estándar de cada grupo fueron: RX 8,40 (1,52); PC 8,60 (3,13); SO 6,40 (3,51); DC 10,00 (0,00); PA 7,60 (3,29); PF 2,00 (0,00). El análisis con la prueba de Kruskal Wallis mostró diferencia significativa para el factor material (p<0.05) y la comparación de medias mostró diferencia entre PF y el resto de los materiales. Por otra parte, con una tabla de equivalencia entre los colores en escala de Vita Classic y CIE Lab, se hicieron el pasaje de los valores registrados a la escala de CIE Lab y se calculó la diferencia de color ΔE de cada grupo antes y después del AAA. La media y el desvío estándarfueronanalizadosestadísticamente por el test de ANOVA y prueba de Tukey. Los valores de media y desvío estándar de cada grupo fueron: RX 14,94 (2,02); PC 14,51 (4,02); SO 12,08 (4,53); DC 16,31 (0,00); PA 10,9 (3,38); PF 7,24 (0,00). En la evaluación de los resultados con ANOVA se encontró diferencia significativa entre los materiales evaluados (p<0,05). La comparación de medias con prueba de Tukey mostró la presencia de dos grupos (PF-DC, RX, PA). En las condiciones experimentales de este trabajo puede concluirse que el envejecimiento acelerado afecta significativamente la estabilidad de color de los cementos utilizados en este trabajo.


Assuntos
Facetas Dentárias , Cimentos de Resina , Cerâmica , Cor , Teste de Materiais , Espectrofotometria
17.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(3): 565-571, 2022 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of polishing on surface roughness, gloss and optimum polishing time of various computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) restorative materials and to provide a proper polishing procedure for dental clinicians. METHODS: Five CAD/CAM restorative materials including vita mark Ⅱ (VM), vita enamic (VE), lava ultimate (LU), shofu block HC (SB) and brilliant crios (BC) were selected. Six specimens were prepared for each material. The specimen was fixed on a custom-made polishing apparatus and sequentially polished with Sof-Lex poli-shing disk system including medium disk (with abrasive particle sizes of 10-40 µm), fine disk (with abrasive particle sizes of 3-9 µm) and superfine disk (with abrasive particle sizes of 1-7 µm). Surface roughness (Ra value) and gloss value were measured every 10 seconds until the numerical values were no longer changed. Then the surface roughness, gloss value and polishing time were recorded and the specimen was moved to the next sequence of polishing. Finally, statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 24.0. RESULTS: For all the restorative materials, the Ra values were significantly reduced (P < 0.05) and the gloss values were significantly increased (P < 0.05) after sequentially polishing with Sof-Lex disks. No significant difference was detected among Ra values of all the tested materials (P>0.05) after sequential polishing. The gloss values of LU [(68.1±4.5) GU] and BC [(68.2±5.8) GU] were significantly higher than those of VE [(48.1±8.1) GU] and BC [(53.2±5.8) GU], P < 0.05. To obtain optimal surface smoothness, VM cost the shortest polishing time [40 (30, 55) s] among all the restorative materials (P < 0.05). No significant differences in the total polishing time were observed among VE [140 (135, 145) s], LU [130 (120, 140) s], SB [140 (130, 150) s] and BC [130 (120, 140) s], P>0.05. CONCLUSION: The surface roughness of all CAD/CAM restorative materials were decreased after sequentially polishing with Sof-Lex disk system. To obtain the smoothest surface, different types of restorative materials might need different polishing times using Sof-Lex polishing disk system. For ceramic restorative material VM, we recommend polishing only with medium disk for 40 s. For hybrid restorative material VE and composite restorative material LU, SB and BC, we recommend polishing with medium disk, fine disk and superfine disk in sequence for 130-140 s in total.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Resinas Compostas , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
18.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 232, 2022 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35698111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The choice of the restorative resin material to be used in pediatric dentistry is of a great importance due to the cytotoxic effects caused by residual monomers. In this study, it was aimed to investigate the amount of residual monomer released over time from different resin-based restorative materials, which are widely used in pediatric dentistry, by using high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detector (HPLC-PDA). METHODS: The compomers in all colors (Twinky Star and Glasiositte A2), two composites with different hybrid properties (Arabesk-GrandioSO), and RMGIC (Ionolux) samples with 2 × 5 mm diameters were prepared. The samples were polymerized with an LED light unit (CELALUX 2, VOCO, Cuxhaven, Germany) and then finishing-polishing procedures were applied. A total of 156 samples were obtained, 13 samples in each of the 12 groups. The amount of residual monomer (BIS-GMA; HEMA, TEGDMA, UDMA) (µg/mL) released into the 75% ethanol solution was determined at different times, (1st hour, 1st, 7th, 14th, and 21st day) by using HPLC-PDA. RESULTS: The residual monomer release continued on day 21 and BIS-GMA was the most released monomer in all groups. HEMA release showed a maximum increase in all the materials at day 7. The highest amount of residual monomer was detected in the gold-colored compomer. HEMA and BIS-GMA release from RMGIC was less than others in all time frames. CONCLUSIONS: The color and composition of resin-based restorative materials affect the amount of residual monomer. Pediatric dentists should prefer gold-colored compomers less than others as a restorative material, especially in deep cavities. More studies are needed about the subject.


Assuntos
Compômeros , Odontopediatria , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/química , Criança , Resinas Compostas/química , Materiais Dentários/química , Ouro , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos/química , Polimerização , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química
19.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 132: 105276, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642861

RESUMO

NiTi shape memory alloys (SMAs) are inevitably in contact with hydrogen in specific service environments, which can degrade their mechanical behaviors. In this work, the effect of hydrogen on the super-elasticity of NiTi SMA orthodontic wires is investigated experimentally and theoretically. Firstly, cathodic hydrogen charging was performed for the wires at a current density of 10A/m2 with various charging times (2.5min, 5min, 7.5min and 10min) and charging lengths (20 mm, 40 mm, 60 mm and 80 mm) in 0.5 mol/L H2SO4+2 g/L CH4N2S electrolyte solution at room temperature. Then, ex-situ tension-unloading tests were carried out shortly after the hydrogen charging. The stress-strain responses showed a two-step martensite transformation (MT), i.e., the start stress of MT for the region with hydrogen charging is much larger than that without hydrogen charging. Based on the experimental observations, a diffusional-mechanically coupled constitutive model is constructed. Elastic strain, transformation strain, transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) and hydrogen swelling deformation are considered. The effect of hydrogen on the thermo-mechanical behavior of NiTi SMA is taken into account by introducing the hydrogen concentration (HC)-dependent critical temperatures of MT and slip resistance of TRIP. The thermodynamic driving forces of MT and TRIP are derived from the constructed Helmholtz free energy and dissipation inequality. The balance equation of hydrogen diffusion is obtained by the chemical potential and Fick's diffusion law. To obtain the overall response of the wire with a heterogeneous HC field, a scale transition rule is proposed. The capability of the proposed model to describe the super-elasticity of NiTi SMA with various hydrogen charging times and charging lengths is validated by comparing the predicted results with the experimental ones.


Assuntos
Hidrogênio , Ligas de Memória da Forma , Ligas Dentárias , Elasticidade , Teste de Materiais , Fios Ortodônticos , Temperatura , Titânio
20.
Braz Oral Res ; 36: e075, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703702

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of light attenuation through ceramic veneers and resin cement on degree of conversion (DC), cohesive strength (CS), and microshear bond strength (µSBS) of experimental adhesive systems. Experimental etch-and-rinse and self-etch adhesives were combined with different ratios of camphorquinone (CQ) and diphenyl(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl) phosphine oxide (TPO) photoinitiators: CQ-only; 3CQ:1TPO; 1CQ:1TPO; 1CQ:3TPO and TPO-only. Square-shaped ceramic veneer (IPS Empress Esthetic, Ivoclar Vivadent) (n = 10; 10mm long x 10mm wide x 0.5mm thick) and resin cement specimens (Variolink Esthetic LC, Ivoclar Vivadent) (n = 10; 10 mm long x 10 mm wide and 0.3 mm thick) were prepared. Light transmittance of a multiple-peak LED (Bluephase G2, Ivoclar Vivadent) was measured through restorative materials using a spectrometer (n = 5). Adhesive specimens were analyzed for DC, CS, and µSBS by light-curing the adhesive with or without (control) ceramic veneer, and with resin cement fixed to output region of the light-curing tip (n = 10). Data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). Total light transmittance through the restorative materials was attenuated, and this attenuation was more evident for the violet spectrum. The DC for the TPO groups in ratios up to 1CQ:1TPO was similar to the control. 1CQ:3TPO showed lower values for CS. µSBS was reduced for all groups with light attenuation, but lower values were observed for 1CQ:3TPO and TPO-only. In conclusion, light transmission was reduced with interposed restorative materials. Adhesives combined with CQ and TPO up to 1CQ:1TPO showed greater cure efficiency and mechanical properties compared with a higher amount of TPO.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Cimentos de Resina , Cerâmica , Materiais Dentários , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química
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