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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2981, 2024 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316849

RESUMO

Using data from a longitudinal cohort of children, we examined whether epigenetic age acceleration (EAA) was associated with pubertal growth and whether these associations were mediated by adiposity. We examined associations between EAA at approximately 10 years of age with pubertal growth metrics, including age at peak height velocity (PHV), PHV, and sex steroid levels and whether these associations were mediated by measures of adiposity including body mass index (BMI) and MRI-assessed visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). Children (n = 135) with accelerated EAA had higher PHV (ß 0.018, p = 0.0008) although the effect size was small. The association between EAA and age at PHV was not significant (ß - 0.0022, p = 0.067). Although EAA was associated with higher BMI (ß 0.16, p = 0.0041), VAT (ß 0.50, p = 0.037), and SAT (ß 3.47, p = 0.0076), BMI and VAT did not mediate associations between EAA and PHV, while SAT explained 8.4% of the association. Boys with higher EAA had lower total testosterone (ß - 12.03, p = 0.0014), but associations between EAA and other sex steroids were not significant, and EAA was not associated with sex steroid levels in girls. We conclude that EAA did not have strong associations with either age at onset of puberty or pubertal growth speed, although associations with growth speed were statistically significant. Studies with larger sample sizes are needed to confirm this pattern of associations.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Puberdade , Masculino , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Testosterona , Epigênese Genética
2.
Cancer Biol Med ; 20(12)2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38318809

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Real-word data on long-acting luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists in Chinese patients with prostate cancer are limited. This study aimed to determine the real-world effectiveness and safety of the LHRH agonist, goserelin, particularly the long-acting 10.8-mg depot formulation, and the follow-up patterns among Chinese prostate cancer patients. METHODS: This was a multicenter, prospective, observational study in hormone treatment-naïve patients with localized or locally advanced prostate cancer who were prescribed goserelin 10.8-mg depot every 12 weeks or 3.6-mg depot every 4 weeks with or without an anti-androgen. The patients had follow-up evaluations for 26 weeks. The primary outcome was the effectiveness of goserelin in reducing serum testosterone and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. The secondary outcomes included testosterone and PSA levels, attainment of chemical castration (serum testosterone <50 ng/dL), and goserelin safety. The exploratory outcome was the monitoring pattern for serum testosterone and PSA. All analyses were descriptive. RESULTS: Between September 2017 and December 2019, a total of 294 eligible patients received ≥ 1 dose of goserelin; 287 patients (97.6%) were treated with goserelin 10.8-mg depot. At week 24 ± 2, the changes from baseline [standard deviation (95% confidence interval)] in serum testosterone (n = 99) and PSA (n = 131) were -401.0 ng/dL [308.4 ng/dL (-462.5, -339.5 ng/dL)] and -35.4 ng/mL [104.4 ng/mL (-53.5, -17.4 ng/mL)], respectively. Of 112 evaluable patients, 100 (90.2%) achieved a serum testosterone level < 50 ng/dL. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and severe TEAEs occurred in 37.1% and 10.2% of patients, respectively. The mean testing frequency (standard deviation) was 1.6 (1.5) for testosterone and 2.2 (1.6) for PSA. CONCLUSIONS: Goserelin 10.8-mg depot effectively achieved and maintained castration and was well-tolerated in Chinese patients with localized and locally advanced prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Gosserrelina , Neoplasias da Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Gosserrelina/efeitos adversos , Antígeno Prostático Específico/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Testosterona/uso terapêutico , China
3.
Syst Biol Reprod Med ; 70(1): 20-37, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323592

RESUMO

Recent research in rodents suggests that oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis in the testes caused by high-fat diets (HFD) are a cause of male infertility. To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of the combination of hydroxycitric acid and capsaicin (HCC) against male reproductive disorders, we developed an HFD-induced obese rat model. Rats received HFD supplementation for 21 weeks, which induced obesity. From week 16, HCC (100 mg/kg body weight) was administered to investigate its potential to treat testicular toxicity. According to the results of the current study, treatment of obese rats with HCC improved their sperm quality, increased the production of testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone and significantly increased the activities of steroidogenic enzymes and corresponding mRNA levels. In addition, HCC decreased lipid peroxidation and nitric oxide levels in both spermatozoa and testes while increasing the expression of mRNA for the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase in the testes, which in turn reduced oxidative stress in the testes. Moreover, after HCC treatment, testicular tissues showed a remarkable decrease in mRNA levels responsible for inflammation (TNF-α, IL-6, NF-κB) and apoptosis (Bax and Bcl-2). Our results suggest that HCC may alleviate obesity-induced male reproductive dysfunction by attenuating oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis in the testes of HFD-induced obese male rats.


Assuntos
Capsaicina , Citratos , Testículo , Masculino , Ratos , Animais , Testículo/metabolismo , Capsaicina/metabolismo , Sêmen/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Testosterona/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Apoptose , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2786, 2024 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307934

RESUMO

A growing body of evidence suggests the role of male hypogonadism as a possible harbinger for poor clinical outcomes across hospitalized Covid-19 patients. Accordingly, we sought to investigate the impact of dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis on the severity of the clinical manifestations for hospitalized Covid-19 patients matched with healthy controls through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Databases were searched from inception to March 2022. A standardized mean difference (SMD) meta-analysis focused on hospitalized Covid-19 patients and healthy controls was developed for studies who reported total testosterone (TT) and luteinizing hormone (LH) levels at hospital admission. Overall, n = 18 series with n = 1575 patients between 2020 and 2022 were reviewed. A significant decrease in SMD of TT levels in Covid-19 patients compared to paired controls was observed (- 3.25 nmol/L, 95%CI - 0.57 and - 5.93). This reduction was even more consistent when matching severe Covid-19 patients with controls (- 5.04 nmol/L, 95%CI - 1.26 and - 8.82) but similar for Covid-19 survivors and non-survivors (- 3.04 nmol/L, 95%CI - 2.04 and - 4.05). No significant variation was observed for serum LH levels across studies. Patient related comorbidities, year of the pandemic, and total lymphocyte count were associated with the observed estimates. TT levels may be a useful serum marker of poor outcomes among Covid-19 patients. These findings may support the development of ad-hoc clinical trials in the Covid-19 risk-group classification and subsequent disease monitoring. The interplay between TT and immune response should be evaluated in future researches.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Hipogonadismo , Humanos , Masculino , Hormônio Luteinizante , Testosterona
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2752, 2024 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307943

RESUMO

The present work is aimed to assess the protective influence of zinc oxide resveratrol nanoparticles against oxidative stress-associated testicular dysfunction. The number of 50 male albino rats were randomly separated into five groups (n = 10): Group I, control: rats gavage distilled water orally; Group II, Levofloxacin: rats that administered Levofloxacin (LFX) softened in distilled water at a dosage of 40 mg/kg-1 BW orally every other day; Group III, Zn-RSV: rats administered with Zn-RSV (zinc oxide resveratrol in distilled water at a dose 20 mg/kg-1 BW orally every other day; Group IV, (LFX + Zn-RSV): rats that were administered with Levofloxacin along with Zn-RSV nPs; Group V, Levofloxacin + Zn: rats were administered with Levofloxacin and Zno at a dose of 20 mg/kg-1 BW orally every other day as mentioned before. This study lasted for 2 months. Sera were collected to assess luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and testosterone values. Testicular tissues were utilized to evaluate levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), nitric oxide (NO), malondialdehyde (MDA), and catalase (CAT). Semen samples were utilized to measure their quality (motility, concentration, and vitality). Histopathological and immune histochemical techniques investigated the morphological changes in the testis. Rats treated with Levofloxacin showed significantly lower levels of serum LH, testosterone, FSH, testicular enzymatic NO, catalase, SOD, BAX, and BCL-2 immune reactivity and sperm quality but significantly greater testicular malondialdehyde and caspase-3 immuno-reactivity Compared to both control and zinc oxide resveratrol treatment. Zinc oxide resveratrol nanoparticles ameliorated the harmful side effects of Levofloxacin. Improvements were more pronounced in the co-treatment (LFX + Zn-RSV) Zinc oxide resveratrol group than in the co-treatment (LFX + Zno) Zinc oxide group. Zinc oxide resveratrol nanoparticles could be a possible solution for levofloxacin oxidative stress-induced fertility problems.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Doenças Testiculares , Óxido de Zinco , Humanos , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Resveratrol/metabolismo , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia , Catalase/metabolismo , Levofloxacino/farmacologia , Ratos Wistar , Sêmen , Testículo/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Testosterona , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante , Hormônio Luteinizante , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo
7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 28(2): 457-462, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305592

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the serum levels of decorin, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan, in women diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and concurrently presenting with moderate to severe acne vulgaris. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with acne vulgaris symptoms, subsequently diagnosed with PCOS according to the revised Rotterdam criteria, were enrolled in the study. Acne severity was assessed using the acne global severity scale (AGSS), with patients fitting AGSS category 4 (moderate) and 5 (severe) grouped into two separate cohorts of 30 individuals each. The moderate acne group comprised patients with few inflammatory lesions and a minor nodule alongside predominantly non-inflammatory lesions, whereas the severe group contained patients with multiple nodules and a mix of non-inflammatory and inflammatory lesions. A control group of twenty healthy women without acne vulgaris or PCOS was also established. The study measured serum testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), Luteinizing Hormone (LH), and insulin levels, and calculated insulin resistance via the Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) formula. Quantitative sandwich enzyme immunoassay was employed to determine decorin levels from venous blood samples. RESULTS: While age, body mass index (BMI), serum FSH, LH, testosterone, and HOMA-IR values demonstrated similarity between the moderate and severe acne cohorts, comparisons between the control and both acne groups (AGSS-4 and AGSS-5) revealed significantly elevated values in the latter, excluding age, BMI, and FSH. Importantly, the serum decorin levels in both acne groups were substantially higher than in controls. A significant positive correlation was observed between serum decorin levels and both HOMA-IR (r=7.88, p<0.01) and testosterone (r=0.813, p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that elevated circulating decorin levels play a pivotal role in the manifestation of acne vulgaris in women with PCOS.


Assuntos
Acne Vulgar , Resistência à Insulina , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Feminino , Humanos , Decorina , Hormônio Luteinizante , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante , Testosterona , Índice de Massa Corporal , Acne Vulgar/diagnóstico , Insulina
8.
Int J Pharm Compd ; 28(1): 6-14, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306625

RESUMO

Male hypogonadism is a common condition widely associated with the aging process. Understanding of this condition is continuing to grow as new information is available. Pharmacists are in a very unique position to work with patients and physicians in achieving better diagnosis and treatment plans for the hundreds of thousands of men in the U.S. who are hypogonadal. This article discusses various methods that can be employed to restore testosterone in men and the varying expectations associated with each treatment method.


Assuntos
Hipogonadismo , Humanos , Masculino , Hipogonadismo/diagnóstico , Hipogonadismo/tratamento farmacológico , Testosterona
9.
Int J Pharm Compd ; 28(1): 28-32, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306627

RESUMO

Male hypogonadism is a condition that is receiving increasing medical scrutiny, resulting in research producing results favorable to the consideration of maintaining physiological levels of testosterone. As healthcare professionals interested in the health and welfare of a significant portion of the population, surely compounding pharmacists are interested in what can be done for men with this condition to help these patients improve their quality of life and long-term health. This article discusses the various ways that men's testosterone levels can be raised and provides insight into the importance of androgen-estrogen balance.


Assuntos
Hipogonadismo , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Masculino , Hipogonadismo/tratamento farmacológico , Testosterona/uso terapêutico , Androgênios , Terapia de Reposição Hormonal
10.
Cleve Clin J Med ; 91(2): 78-79, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307603
12.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 47(2): 383-388, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325826

RESUMO

To clarify the causes of breed differences in serum testosterone levels of male pigs, which affect the mRNA expression of drug metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters in the liver and kidney, we focused on testicular enzymes and proteins involved in testosterone biosynthesis process and comparatively examined their mRNA levels by real time RT-PCR among low serum testosterone-type Landrace pigs and high serum testosterone-type Meishan and Landrace/Meishan-crossbreed (LM and ML) pigs. Testicular mRNA levels of the enzymes (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase 1 and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase) and proteins (low density lipoprotein receptor and scavenger receptor class B member 1) affecting intracellular levels of cholesterol, a precursor of testosterone, were 2-5-fold higher in Meishan, LM and ML pigs than in Landrace pigs. Likewise, the mRNA levels of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, which imports cholesterol to the inner mitochondrial membrane, and of testosterone biosynthesis enzymes (CYP11A1 and CYP17A1) were over 10-fold and approximately 3-fold higher, respectively, in Meishan, LM and ML pigs than in Landrace pigs. Furthermore, positive correlations between those mRNA levels and serum testosterone levels were observed. Despite large breed differences in testicular mRNA levels described above, no significant breed differences in intratesticular testosterone levels were observed. The present findings strongly suggest that breed differences in serum testosterone levels of male pigs are probably, at least in part, caused by differences in testicular mRNA levels of enzymes and proteins involved in testosterone biosynthesis process and by differences in the levels of testosterone released from testes.


Assuntos
Testículo , Testosterona , Suínos , Masculino , Animais , Testículo/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Colesterol
13.
Nutrients ; 16(3)2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38337738

RESUMO

Athletes often take sport supplements to reduce fatigue and immune disturbances during or after training. This study evaluated the acute effects of concurrent ingestion of alkaline water and L-glutamine on the salivary immunity and hormone responses of boxers after training. Twelve male boxing athletes were recruited in this study. During regular training, the participants were randomly divided into three groups and asked to consume 400 mL of alkaline water (Group A), 0.15 g/kg body weight of L-glutamine with 400 mL of water (Group G), and 0.15 g/kg of L-glutamine with 400 mL of alkaline water (Group A+G) at the same time each day for three consecutive weeks. Before and immediately after the training, saliva, heart rates, and the rate of perceived exertion were investigated. The activity of α-amylase and concentrations of lactoferrin, immunoglobulin A (IgA), testosterone, and cortisol in saliva were measured. The results showed that the ratio of α-amylase activity/total protein (TP) significantly increased after training in Group A+G but not in Group A or G, whereas the ratios of lactoferrin/TP and IgA/TP were unaffected in all three groups. The concentrations of salivary testosterone after training increased significantly in Group A+G but not in Group A or G, whereas the salivary cortisol concentrations were unaltered in all groups. In conclusion, concurrent ingestion of 400 mL of alkaline water and 0.15 g/kg of L-glutamine before training enhanced the salivary α-amylase activity and testosterone concentration of boxers, which would be beneficial for post-exercise recovery.


Assuntos
Boxe , alfa-Amilases Salivares , Humanos , Masculino , Glutamina/metabolismo , Testosterona/metabolismo , Hidrocortisona/metabolismo , Lactoferrina/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina A/metabolismo , Atletas , Ingestão de Alimentos , Saliva/metabolismo
14.
J Ovarian Res ; 17(1): 42, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374053

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of metformin (MET) monotherapy and pioglitazone plus MET (PIOMET) therapy on gonadal and metabolic profiles in normal-weight women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Sixty normal-weight women with PCOS were recruited between January and September 2022 at the Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University. They were randomly assigned to the MET or PIOMET groups for 12 weeks of MET monotherapy or PIOMET therapy. Anthropometric measurements, menstrual cycle changes, gonadal profiles, and the oral glucose insulin-releasing test (OGIRT) were performed at baseline and after the 12-week treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-six participants completed the trial. MET and PIOMET therapies improved menstrual cycles after the 4- and 12-week treatments; however, there was no statistical difference between the two groups. PIOMET therapy improved luteinizing hormone (LH), luteinizing hormone/follicle stimulating hormone (LH/FSH) ratio, and free androgen index (FAI) levels after the 4-week treatment, whereas MET monotherapy only improved total testosterone (TT) levels compared to baseline (P < 0.05). Both MET and PIOMET therapies improved TT and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels after the 12-week treatment (P < 0.05). In addition, only PIOMET therapy significantly improved sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), FAI, and androstenedione (AND) levels than the baseline (P < 0.05). PIOMET therapy improved SHBG and AMH levels more effectively than MET monotherapy (P < 0.05). Furthermore, PIOMET treatment was more effective in improving blood glucose levels at 120 and 180 min of OGIRT compared to MET monotherapy (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In normal-weight women with PCOS, PIOMET treatment may have more benefits in improving SHBG, AMH, and postprandial glucose levels than MET monotherapy, and did not affect weight. However, the study findings need to be confirmed in PCOS study populations with larger sample sizes.


Assuntos
Metformina , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Feminino , Humanos , Metformina/farmacologia , Metformina/uso terapêutico , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/tratamento farmacológico , Pioglitazona/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Testosterona , Hormônio Luteinizante , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante , Hormônio Antimülleriano , Metaboloma , Glucose
15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3933, 2024 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365877

RESUMO

Naja nigricollis Venom (NnV) contains complex toxins that affects various vital systems functions after envenoming. The venom toxins have been reported to induce male reproductive disorders in envenomed rats. This present study explored the ameliorative potential of kaempferol on NnV-induced male reproductive toxicity. Fifty male wistar rats were sorted randomly into five groups (n = 10) for this study. Group 1 were noted as the control, while rats in groups 2 to 5 were injected with LD50 of NnV (1.0 mg/kg bw; i.p.). Group 2 was left untreated post envenomation while group 3 was treated with 0.2 ml of polyvalent antivenom. Groups 4 and 5 were treated with 4 and 8 mg/kg of kaempferol, respectively. NnV caused substantial reduction in concentrations of follicle stimulating hormone, testosterone and luteinizing hormone, while sperm motility, volume and counts significantly (p < 0.05) decreased in envenomed untreated rats. The venom enhanced malondialdehyde levels and substantially decreased glutathione levels, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities in the testes and epididymis of envenomed untreated rats. Additionally, epididymal and testicular myeloperoxidase activity and nitric oxide levels were elevated which substantiated severe morphological defects noticed in the reproductive organs. However, treatment of envenomed rats with kaempferol normalized the reproductive hormones with significant improvement on sperm functional parameters. Elevated inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers in testis and epididymis were suppressed post kaempferol treatment. Severe histopathological lesions in the epididymal and testicular tissues were ameliorated in the envenomed treated groups. Results highlights the significance of kaempferol in mitigating reproductive toxicity induced after snakebite envenoming.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Quempferóis , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Quempferóis/metabolismo , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides , Sêmen/metabolismo , Testículo/metabolismo , Epididimo/metabolismo , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar , Testosterona/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Naja
16.
J Prev Alzheimers Dis ; 11(2): 507-513, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the causal relationship between testosterone (BT) levels and Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk and to quantify the role of obesity and lipid metabolism as potential mediators. METHODS: We used a two-sample, two-step MR to determine:1) the causal effect of BT levels on AD; 2) the causal effect of two lipid metabolites, obesity and LDLc on AD; and 3) the mediating effects of these metabolites. Pooled data for BT levels and lipid metabolism were obtained from the UK Biobank. AD data were obtained from the Alzheimer's Disease Project International Genomics Consortium, FinnGen Consortium, and UK Biobank study. Effect estimates from external genome-wide association study (GWAS) pooled statistics were obtained using inverse variance-weighted (IVW) MR analysis. RESULTS: Higher levels of BT were associated with a reduced risk of AD (odds ratio [OR] 0.9992, 95% CI 0.9985-0.9998, P = 0.019), and there was a negative correlation with LDLc (OR 0.9208, 95% CI 0.8569-0.9895, P = 0.024) and obesity class 2 (OC2) (OR 0.7445, 95% CI 0.5873-0.9437, P = 0.014). Conversely, there was a positive correlation between LDLc (OR 1.0014, 95% CI 1.0000-1.0029, P = 0.043) and OC2 (OR 1.0005, 95% CI 1.0001-1.0009, P = 0.003) and AD. Mediation analysis showed that the indirect effect of BT levels on AD was achieved through LDLc and OC2, which accounted for 17% and 17% of the total effect, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our study identified a causal role of BT levels in LDLc and OC2. BT levels may affect AD through LDLc and OC2 metabolic processes.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Testosterona , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Obesidade/genética
17.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1337562, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375192

RESUMO

Introduction: Determining the causal relationship between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) holds significant implications for GDM prevention and treatment. Despite numerous observational studies suggesting an association between PCOS and GDM, it remains unclear whether a definitive causal relationship exists between these two conditions and which specific features of PCOS contribute to increased incidence of GDM. Methods: The causal relationship between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), its characteristic indices, and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was investigated using a two-sample Mendelian randomization study based on publicly available statistics from genome-wide association studies (GWAS). The inverse-variance weighted method was employed as the primary analytical approach to examine the association between PCOS, its characteristic indices, and GDM. MR Egger intercept was used to assess pleiotropy, while Q values and their corresponding P values were utilized to evaluate heterogeneity. It is important to note that this study adopts a two-sample MR design where PCOS and its characteristic indices are considered as exposures, while GDM is treated as an outcome. Results: The study results indicate that there is no causal relationship between PCOS and GDM (all methods P > 0.05, 95% CI of OR values passed 1). The IVW OR value was 1.007 with a 95% CI of 0.906 to 1.119 and a P value of 0.904. Moreover, the MR Egger Q value was 8.141 with a P value of 0.701, while the IVW Q value was also 8.141 with a P value of 0.774, indicating no significant heterogeneity. Additionally, the MR Egger intercept was 0.0004, which was close to zero with a P value of 0.988, suggesting no pleiotropy. However, the study did find a causal relationship between several other factors such as testosterone, high-density lipoprotein, sex hormone-binding globulin, body mass index, waist-hip ratio, apolipoprotein A-I, number of children, diabetes illnesses of mother, father and siblings, hemoglobin A1c, fasting insulin, fasting blood glucose, years of schooling, and GDM based on the IVW method. Conclusion: We observed no association between genetically predicted PCOS and the risk of GDM, implying that PCOS itself does not confer an increased susceptibility to GDM. The presence of other PCOS-related factors such as testosterone, high-density lipoprotein, and sex hormone-binding globulin may elucidate the link between PCOS and GDM. Based on these findings, efforts aimed at preventing GDM in individuals with PCOS should prioritize those exhibiting high-risk features rather than encompassing all women with PCOS.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Criança , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Diabetes Gestacional/genética , Globulina de Ligação a Hormônio Sexual , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/complicações , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/genética , Lipoproteínas HDL , Testosterona
18.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 147, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship of testosterone and estradiol concentrations with cognitive function among community-dwelling older men was inconclusive. To examine the association of serum testosterone and estradiol concentrations with cognitive function in older men with or without vascular risk factors (VRFs). METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of 224 community-dwelling men aged 65-90 years in the Songjiang District of Shanghai, China. Serum testosterone and estradiol were measured by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. The following five factors were defined as VRFs in this study: obesity, history of hypertension, diabetes, stroke, and coronary heart disease. Multivariable linear regression was used to examine the association of testosterone and estradiol with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in participants with or without VRF. Restricted cubic spline (RCS) regression was performed to account for the nonlinearity of these associations. RESULTS: An inverted "U" shaped non-linear relationship was found between testosterone concentration and MMSE score in men with one VRF (P overall =.003, non-linear P =.002). Estradiol showed an inverted "U" shaped non-linear relationship with MMSE score independent of VRFs (men without VRF, P overall =.049, non-linear P =.015; men with one VRF, overall P =.007, non-linear P =.003; men with two or more VRFs, overall P =.009, non-linear P =.005). CONCLUSION: In older men, an optimal level of sex steroid concentration may be beneficial to cognitive function and the VRFs should be considered when interpreting the relationship between sex steroid and cognitive function.


Assuntos
Cognição , Estradiol , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Estradiol/sangue , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/sangue , Vida Independente , Fatores de Risco , Testosterona
19.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; 38(6): e9685, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38356086

RESUMO

RATIONALE: High-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) has been demonstrated to be an alternative platform for quantitative analyses, identifying unknown compounds and gathering information for the elucidation of chemical structures. This work describes a method to detect 13 esters of testosterone (T) and 5 biomarkers in 0.1 mL of human serum using gas chromatography (GC) coupled to HRMS. METHODS: Analytes were extracted from serum after deproteinization and liquid-liquid extraction. The trimethylsilyl derivatives were analyzed using a gas chromatograph coupled to HRMS at low electron energy to minimize molecule fragmentation. The acquisition in profiling full-scan mode was applied with a resolving power of 30 000 at m/z 400. Linearity, lower limit of quantitation, and measurement uncertainty were assessed. Precision and accuracy were assessed at 0.5 and 2 ng/mL, respectively. Mass accuracy (MA) and mass extraction window (MEW) were also evaluated. RESULTS: T esters showed a linear response between 0.25 and 10 ng/mL (except for undecanoate, enanthate, and propionate that showed lineal responses between 0.5 and 10 ng/mL and isocaproate between 2 and 10 ng/mL); detection limits remained between 0.1 and 0.5 ng/mL and accuracy between 81% and 119%. The MA (MEW = 10 ppm) was maintained between -2.4 and 4.8 ppm. The biomarkers (T, androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone [DHEA], estradiol, and 17-OH-progesterone) showed a linear response within the evaluated range; quantification limits remained between 0.1 and 0.5 ng/mL (except for DHEA), the accuracy between 88% and 99%, and precision between 3.5% and 10.8%. Measurement uncertainties were found between 5.6% and 17.2%. MA (MEW = 3 ppm) was maintained between -0.47 and 0.12 ppm. CONCLUSIONS: The method to detect T esters and five endogenous biomarkers in serum using GC coupled to HRMS showed linear responses up to 10 ng/mL with adequate precision, accuracy, and uncertainties. It was possible to distinguish cholesterol from T-isocaproate based on the MEW of 10 ppm, preventing false positives. In addition, this method allows searching for other biomarkers and/or unknown metabolites and other ester forms not included here but at a later stage if necessary.


Assuntos
Ésteres , Testosterona , Humanos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Ésteres/análise , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Desidroepiandrosterona
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