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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18605, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895811

RESUMO

To investigate the age-related nomograms and change trends of reproductive hormones, and prevalence of androgen deficiency (AD) in middle-aged and aging men from 2 studies.Two cross-sectional studies were conducted at 5-year intervals in Chinese community-dwelling men living in the same area. A total of 434 (Study 1, S1) and 944 (Study 2, S2) men aged 40 to 69 years were recruited as subjects and 59 (S1) and 98 (S2) men aged 20 to 39 years as controls to measure serum reproductive hormone levels.Serum total testosterone (TT) levels did not change significantly in S1, whereas TT levels increased in S2 with aging. Serum calculated free testosterone (cFT) levels gradually decreased with aging; however, only men aged 40 to 69 years showed this trend in S2. Serum luteinizing hormone (LH) and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) levels gradually increased, and serum testosterone secretion index (TSI) and free testosterone index (FTI) levels gradually decreased with male aging. The mean annual decrease values of serum cFT were 2.705 pmol/l in S1 and 1.060 pmol/l in S2. The cut-off values for AD in S1 and S2 were 9.13 nmol/l and 9.35 nmol/l for TT, and 169.00 pmol/l and 213.90 pmol/l for cFT. Using TT or cFT cut-off values, mean AD prevalence was 14.52% or 44.70% in S1, and 6.36% or 16.53% in S2. Based on cFT cut-off values, prevalence of AD increased gradually with male aging in a range of 25.30% to 61.63% in S1 and 1.20% to 23.03% in S2.The change patterns of serum LH, SHBG, TSI and FTI levels in middle-aged and aging males were consistent; however, there were differences in serum TT and cFT change patterns in S1 and S2 with male aging. cFT cut-off values were the optimal metric to evaluate AD, which can be present a ladder-like change in prevalence of different age groups.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/sangue , Doenças do Sistema Endócrino/epidemiologia , Hormônio Luteinizante/sangue , Globulina de Ligação a Hormônio Sexual/metabolismo , Testosterona/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Prevalência , Testosterona/deficiência , Adulto Jovem
2.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(1): 7-12, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950782

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effects of genistein (GEN) on reproductive system in prepubertal male rats. Methods: Thirty SPF-rated male SD rats were randomly divided into control group (Con group), low-dose group (G1 group) and high-dose group (G2 group), with 10 rats in each group. Corn oil, 150 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg GEN dissolved in corn oil of equal volume were respectively administered every day and weighed the next day. After 6 weeks, the rats were sacrificed, and the testis, epididymis and prostate were dissected, and organ coefficients were calculated. Histopathological changes of testis was observed. The number of sperm was counted and the rate of sperm malformation was calculated. The concentrations of serum testosterone and estradiol were detected by radioimmunoassay. The protein phosphatase 2, regulatory subunit B, gamma (PPP2R2C) protein expression in testicular tissue was detected by immunofluorescence assay. The mRNA and protein expression levels of PPP2R2C and cyclin dependent protein kinases 2 (CDK2) in rat testis were detected by real-time quantitative fluorescence PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blot, respectively. The protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activity in testicular tissue was detected by immunoprecipitation. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in body mass, sperm number, serum estradiol and PP2A enzyme activity among the groups ( P>0.05). The pathological structure of testicular in G2 group was disordered. Sperm abnormality rate in G1 and G2 groups was higher than that in Con group ( P<0.05). Serum testosterone concentration in G2 group was lower than that in Con group ( P<0.05). The expression of PPP2R2C and CDK2 in G2 group was higher than that in Con group ( P<0.05), but the protein level was lower than that in Con group ( P<0.05). PPP2R2C protein was expressed in testicular tissue in each group. Conclusion: Long-term exposure to high dose (300 mg/kg) GEN during prepuberty may cause adverse effects on reproductive function in adult male rats. Further investigation is needed to determine whether PPP2R2C-PP2A-CDK2 phosphorylation pathway affects reproductive system in rats.


Assuntos
Genisteína , Genitália Masculina , Animais , Estradiol/sangue , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Genisteína/farmacologia , Genitália Masculina/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Fitoestrógenos/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/enzimologia , Testosterona/sangue
4.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(1): 66-72, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915338

RESUMO

Various forms of sexual dysfunction occur in men with diabetes mellitus (DM) including disorders of libido, ejaculatory problems, and erectile dysfunction (ED). This cross sectional study was conducted in a tertiary hospital of Bangladesh from December 2017 to May 2018 to find out the frequency and risk factors of ED in subjects with type 2 DM (T2DM). One hundred fifty (150) consecutive male patients with T2DM attending the Endocrinology outpatient department (OPD) of the hospital during the study period were evaluated for the presence of ED by using the International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) questionnaire; their socio-demographic, anthropometric, and clinical data were also recorded. Glycemic status was assessed by measurement of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and HbA1c. Morning serum testosterone was measured in all. Among 150 subjects 68(45.3%) had ED; ED was mild in 14.7%, mild to moderate in 18.0%, moderate in 6.0% whereas severe ED was present in 6.7% of the subjects. The subjects with ED had higher mean age, longer duration of DM, higher body mass index (BMI), higher HbA1c, higher FPG, higher serum creatinine, and lower serum testosterone level than those without ED. Study subjects in the higher age group and higher duration of DM had higher frequencies of ED. IIEF-5 score showed significant negative correlation with age, duration of DM, HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose, serum creatinine and significant positive correlation with serum testosterone. In logistic regression analysis, duration of DM and serum testosterone were found be independent predictors of ED. Frequency of ED among Bangladeshi type 2 diabetic males is high; duration of DM and serum testosterone are independent predictors of ED in them.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Disfunção Erétil/epidemiologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Glicemia/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Testosterona/sangue
5.
J Urol ; 203(2): 403-404, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659929
6.
J Urol ; 203(2): 403, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659930
7.
J Urol ; 203(2): 398-404, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393814

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We examined the relationship of the serum testosterone level to low fat, Mediterranean and low carbohydrate diets in a large, nationally representative patient sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We queried the NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) from 1999 to 2000, 2003 to 2004 and 2011 to 2012. Men 18 to 80 years old who completed the 2-day dietary history and underwent serum testosterone testing were included in analysis. Diets were categorized as low fat, Mediterranean, low carbohydrate or nonrestrictive. Multivariable modeling was used to determine the relationship between diet and serum testosterone. RESULTS: Of the 3,128 men who met study inclusion criteria 457 (14.6%) and 764 (24.4%) met the criteria for a low fat and a Mediterranean diet, respectively. Only 2 men (less than 0.1%) met the criteria for a low carbohydrate diet, which was removed from further analysis. Mean ± SD serum testosterone was 435.5 ± 6.7 ng/dl. Mean testosterone was lower among men with a low fat diet (410.8 ± 8.1 vs 443.5 ± 7.3, p=0.005) and a Mediterranean diet (412.9 ± 9.1 vs 443.5 ± 7.3, p=0.002). Multivariable analysis controlling for age, body mass index, activity level, diabetes, comorbidities and prostate cancer showed that men with a nonrestrictive diet had higher serum testosterone than those adhering to a low fat diet (ß -57.2, 95% CI -105.6 to -8.8, p <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Men adhering to low fat diets had lower serum testosterone levels even when controlling for comorbidities, age, body mass index and activity levels. As differences in serum testosterone between the diets were modest, the avoidance of fat restrictive diets should be weighed against the potential benefits on an individual basis.


Assuntos
Dieta com Restrição de Carboidratos , Dieta com Restrição de Gorduras , Dieta Mediterrânea , Testosterona/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Toxicol Lett ; 319: 1-10, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689472

RESUMO

Chlorocholine chloride (CCC), a plant growth retardant, may act as an endocrine disruptor. Our previous study showed that pubertal CCC exposure in rats might decrease testosterone (T) synthesis. This study observed the changes in pubertal development and reproduction of male rats exposed to CCC and its underlying mechanisms. Rats were exposed to CCC (0, 75, 137.5 and 200 mg/kg bw/day) from postnatal day 23 to 60. The results showed that CCC treatment delayed the onset of puberty and reduced the relative organ weight of prostate. Seminiferous tubules with deciduous spermatogenic cells were observed in the 200 mg/kg bw/day group. Sexual behavior was inhibited in the 137.5 and 200 mg/kg bw/day groups. Sperm motility, litter size and normalized anogenital distance (AGD) of male pups were decreased in the 137.5 and 200 mg/kg bw/day groups. Serum kisspeptin level and serum and testicular levels of T were reduced in all CCC treated groups. Crucial hormones in hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular (HPT) axis were reduced subsequently after CCC treatment. Collectively, our results demonstrated that CCC might disturb HPT axis through suppressing the secretion of kisspeptin and subsequently lead to delayed puberty onset and impaired reproductive functions.


Assuntos
Clormequat/toxicidade , Reprodução/efeitos dos fármacos , Maturidade Sexual/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Genitália/anatomia & histologia , Genitália/efeitos dos fármacos , Genitália/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/sangue , Kisspeptinas/metabolismo , Tamanho da Ninhada de Vivíparos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Próstata/efeitos dos fármacos , Próstata/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Túbulos Seminíferos/efeitos dos fármacos , Comportamento Sexual Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Testosterona/sangue
11.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 188: 109875, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706244

RESUMO

Previous works showed that chronic exposure to Aroclor 1254 disrupted glucose homeostasis and induced insulin resistance in male mice. To further observe the different effects of Aroclor 1254 exposure on the pancreatic α-cells and ß-cells, male mice were exposed to Aroclor 1254 (0, 0.5, 5, 50, 500 µg/kg) for 60 days, the pancreas was performed a histological examination. The results showed that the percentage of apoptosis cell (indicated by TUNEL assay) was increased in both α-cells and ß-cells, as the Aroclor 1254 dose was increased; the proliferation (indicated by PCNA expression) rate of ß-cells was elevated while that of α-cells was not affected, resulting in an increased ß-cell mass and a decreased α-cell mass in a dose-depend manner. The number of Pdx-1 positive ß-cells was significantly increased whereas that of Arx positive α-cells was markedly decreased, indicating an enhanced ß-cell neogenesis and a weakened α-cell neogenesis. The drastically reduction of serum testosterone levels in all the treatments suggested an anti-androgenic potency of Aroclor 1254. The up-regulation of estrogen receptors (ERα and ERß) and androgen receptor in ß-cells might be responsible for the increased ß-cell mass and neogenesis.


Assuntos
Antitireóideos/toxicidade , Células Secretoras de Glucagon/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Secretoras de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Secretoras de Glucagon/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Glucagon/patologia , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Testosterona/sangue , Transativadores/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
12.
Int J Cancer ; 146(3): 759-768, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30968961

RESUMO

Alcohol consumption is associated with higher risk of breast cancer (BC); however, the biological mechanisms underlying this association are not fully elucidated, particularly the extent to which this relationship is mediated by sex hormone levels. Circulating concentrations of estradiol, testosterone, their free fractions and sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG), were examined in 430 incident BC cases and 645 matched controls among alcohol-consuming postmenopausal women nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Mediation analysis was applied to assess whether individual hormone levels mediated the relationship between alcohol intake and BC risk. An alcohol-related hormonal signature, obtained by partial least square (PLS) regression, was evaluated as a potential mediator. Total (TE), natural direct and natural indirect effects (NIE) were estimated. Alcohol intake was positively associated with overall BC risk and specifically with estrogen receptor-positive tumors with respectively TE = 1.17(95%CI: 1.01,1.35) and 1.36(1.08,1.70) for a 1-standard deviation (1-SD) increase of intake. There was no evidence of mediation by sex steroids or SHBG separately except for a weak indirect effect through free estradiol where NIE = 1.03(1.00,1.06). However, an alcohol-related hormonal signature negatively associated with SHBG and positively with estradiol and testosterone was associated with BC risk (odds ratio [OR] = 1.25 [1.07,1.47]) for a 1-SD higher PLS score, and had a statistically significant NIE accounting for a mediated proportion of 24%. There was limited evidence of mediation of the alcohol-BC association by individual sex hormones. However, a hormonal signature, reflecting lower levels of SHBG and higher levels of sex steroids, mediated a substantial proportion of the association.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Pós-Menopausa/sangue , Idoso , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estradiol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Globulina de Ligação a Hormônio Sexual/análise , Testosterona/sangue
13.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124900, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563099

RESUMO

Spirotetramat (SPT) is a new tetronic acid derivative insecticide used to control scales and aphids; the potential for endocrine disruptor effects in fish could not be finalized with the available data. In this study, zebrafish were selected to assess the endocrine-disrupting effects. Significant decrease of plasma estradiol (E2), testosterone (T) and 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT) were observed in both male and female following the spirotetramat exposure; the vitellogenin (VTG) level in females significantly decreased. The expression of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonad (HPG) axis genes fshr, lhr and esr1 showed significant increase in the gonads, which expression in males is higher than in females. In addition, the activities of capspase-3 and caspase-9 significantly decreased in both males and females liver, while the capspase-3 and caspase-9 were increased in male testis, the mRNA expression levels of genes expression related to the apoptosis pathway were also significantly altered after the spirotetramat exposure. Additionally, we found the parental zebrafish exposed to spirotetramat induced the development delay of its offspring. Above all, the adverse effects induced by spirotetramat suggesting that spirotetramat is a potential exogenous hazardous agent.


Assuntos
Compostos Aza/toxicidade , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Compostos de Espiro/toxicidade , Animais , Apoptose , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Estradiol/metabolismo , Estrogênios/farmacologia , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Gônadas/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testosterona/análogos & derivados , Vitelogeninas/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
14.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 84(1): 95-102, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478781

RESUMO

D-Aspartate, aspartate racemase activity, and D-aspartate oxidase activity were detected in tissues from several types of starfish. Aspartate racemase activity in male testes of Patiria pectinifera was significantly elevated in the summer months of the breeding season compared with spring months. We also compared aspartate racemase activity with the gonad index and found that activity in individuals with a gonad index ≥6% was four-fold higher than that of individuals with a gonad index <6%. The ratio of the D-form of aspartate to total aspartate was approximately 25% in testes with a gonad index <6% and this increased to approximately 40% in testes with a gonad index ≥6%. However, such changes were not observed in female ovaries. Administration of D-aspartate into male starfish caused testicular growth. These results indicate the possible involvement of aspartate racemase and D-aspartate in testicular maturation in echinoderm starfish.


Assuntos
Isomerases de Aminoácido/metabolismo , Ácido D-Aspártico/metabolismo , Ácido D-Aspártico/farmacologia , Estrelas-do-Mar/fisiologia , Testículo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Testículo/metabolismo , Animais , Ácido Aspártico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Aspártico/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ácido D-Aspártico/administração & dosagem , Estrona/administração & dosagem , Estrona/farmacologia , Feminino , Masculino , Ovário/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Estações do Ano , Espermatogênese/fisiologia , Testosterona/administração & dosagem , Testosterona/farmacologia
15.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124935, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563720

RESUMO

Increasing studies have established the toxic effects of BPA on development and reproduction in animals. In present study, we investigated epigenetic effects on the transcription of several ovarian steroidogenic genes in rare minnows Gobiocypris rarus after BPA exposure at 15 µgL-1 for 21, 42 and 63 d. Results showed that short term BPA exposure (21 d) caused significant increase of both estradiol and testerone levels whereas long term exposure (63 d) led to significant decrease of them. The oocytes development was hindered after BPA exposure. BPA treatments for 21 and 42 d resulted in significant increase of genome DNA methylation in ovary while 63-d exposure caused marked decrease. The histone trimethylation levels (H3K4me3, H3K9me3 and H3K27me3) in the ovary were also disturbed by BPA. H3K9me3 was significantly decreased after 21 d whereas it was markedly increased after 42 and 63 d. The 42-d exposure caused significant decrease for H3K4me3. Meanwhile, 42- and 63-d BPA exposure led to significant decrease of H3K27me3. DNA methylation could involve in gene expression regulation of cyp17a1 and cyp19a1a after BPA exposure. After short (21 d) and long term (63 d) BPA exposure, the respective mRNA expression down-regulation and up-regulation of star, cyp11a1, and cyp17a1 were mediated by H3K9me3. This study suggests that epigenetic modulation including DNA and histone methylation could be responsible for the detrimental effects on ovary development upon BPA exposure in G. rarus. It is speculated that BPA exposures for short or long term duration could disturb the steroidogenesis in entirely different mechanisms.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Cyprinidae/genética , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrogênios não Esteroides/toxicidade , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovário/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fenóis/toxicidade , Animais , Cyprinidae/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Estradiol/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Histonas/genética , Diferenciação Sexual/efeitos dos fármacos , Esteroide 17-alfa-Hidroxilase/genética , Testosterona/metabolismo
16.
Heart Fail Clin ; 16(1): 11-21, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735309

RESUMO

"Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a complex syndrome characterized by symptoms and signs supported by different forms of cardiac impairment. The link between multiple hormonal and metabolic derangements and the development of CHF and the beneficial effects seen with hormonal replacement therapy suggest that a reduction of anabolic pathways might contribute to the onset of CHF. Therefore, an imbalance between anabolic and catabolic forces could be responsible for the development of CHF. There are sufficient evidence to support the screening in patients with CHF of hormonal deficiencies and their correction with replacement therapy."


Assuntos
Hormônio do Crescimento/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina , Doenças Metabólicas/etiologia , Testosterona/sangue , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Reposição Hormonal/métodos , Humanos , Doenças Metabólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Metabólicas/metabolismo
17.
Life Sci ; 239: 117012, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Reduced male fertility has been regarded as a serious complication of rheumatoid arthritis. Phytochemicals have been described as protective agents against rheumatoid arthritis-linked testicular impairment. The current study aimed to investigate the potential protective effects of ellagic acid on rheumatoid arthritis-evoked testicular dysfunction vis-à-vis the reference anti-inflammatory celecoxib. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Ellagic acid (50 mg/kg/day) and celecoxib (5 mg/kg/day) were administered orally for 20 days in adjuvant-induced arthritic rats. KEY FINDINGS: Current data revealed that ellagic acid counteracted rheumatoid arthritis-evoked testicular histopathologic changes, disrupted sperm characteristics and low gonadosomatic index with comparable efficacy to celecoxib. Ellagic acid also enhanced the testicular steroidogenesis via upregulating the gene expression of 3ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, 17ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and steroidogenic acute regulatory protein with consequent boosting of serum testosterone. Notably, ellagic acid attenuated the testicular inflammatory responses through suppression of myeloperoxidase, tumor necrosis factor-α and cyclo-oxygenase-2 protein expression together with enhancing the anti-inflammatory signal interleukin 10. Ellagic acid also curbed the redox alterations via lowering the production of lipid peroxides and nitric oxide and elevation of the anti-oxidant reduced glutathione. In support of cell survival, ellagic acid combated testicular apoptosis through downregulating caspase-3 protein expression. SIGNIFICANCE: The present work accentuates the beneficial actions of ellagic acid in rheumatoid arthritis-incurred testicular impairment and disrupted spermatogenesis via combating the inflammatory, oxidative and apoptotic aberrations.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Ácido Elágico/farmacologia , Ácido Elágico/uso terapêutico , Doenças Testiculares/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Testiculares/etiologia , Animais , Caspase 3/efeitos dos fármacos , Celecoxib/farmacologia , Celecoxib/uso terapêutico , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Esteroides/biossíntese , Testosterona/sangue
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17838, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689873

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Recurrence of Klinefelter syndrome (KS) in non-twin brothers is very rare. This study examined the inheritance pattern of supernumerary X chromosomes in non-twin brothers. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 16-year-old man presented with small-sized testicles. During his diagnostic work-up, his brother, in his late 20's, also complained of small testes and erectile dysfunction. DIAGNOSIS: Chromosome analysis in peripheral blood revealed non-mosaic 47,XXY karyotype in both brothers. Their mother showed a normal 46,XX karyotype. INTERVENTIONS: To examine the inheritance pattern of supernumerary X chromosomes, quantitative-fluorescence PCR was performed with small tandem repeat markers. It revealed that their supernumerary X chromosomes were inherited from different parents. OUTCOMES: After the diagnosis of KS, 2 brothers started to receive testosterone treatment. CONCLUSION: This case report is the first to report differences in the origins of supernumerary X chromosomes in brothers with KS and furthers the current understanding of the cytogenetic mechanisms in KS.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos X , Síndrome de Klinefelter/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Klinefelter/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Humanos , Síndrome de Klinefelter/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pais , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Irmãos , Sequências de Repetição em Tandem , Testosterona/uso terapêutico
20.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(9): 1083-1088, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640949

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the expressions of the members of HSP110 family in the testis and epididymis of mice at different stages of development and whether they are regulated by hormones. METHODS: The testicular and epididymis tissues of mice at different ages (14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, 70, and 90 days after birth, 3 mice at each age) were collected for RT-PCR detection of the expression levels of HSP110 family members. Forty-eight mice were randomized into 3 groups for sham operation, castration, or castration with testosterone injections every other day (starting at 7 days after castration), and at 1, 3, 5, and 7 days after first testosterone injection, the expressions of HSP110 family in the epididymis were detected using RT-PCR. RESULTS: The mRNA expression levels of HSP110 family members underwent obvious variations with the development of the mice: HSPA4, HSPA4l and HSPH1 expressions in the testicles of the mice first increased and then decreased, and gradually became stable; they also exhibited similar temporal patterns of changes in the epididymis. In the castrated mice, the mRNA expressions of HSPA4 and HSPA4l in the epididymis decreased significantly with the reduction of serum hormone levels (P < 0.05), and became normal after the supplementation of exogenous hormone. CONCLUSIONS: The expression levels of HSP110 family are affected by developmental regulation, and the expressions of HSPA4 and HSPA4l are under the regulation by hormones.


Assuntos
Epididimo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP110/genética , Testículo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP110/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Orquiectomia , Testosterona/farmacologia
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