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1.
Inquiry ; 59: 469580221098754, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502985

RESUMO

The Youth and Young Adults Cancer Knowledge Attitudes and Practices (C-KAP) exploratory study in 2 rural underserved areas in a border community. C-KAP is an interdisciplinary research pilot project led by university scholars in psychology and social work in partnership with community partners. The exploratory cross-sectional mix-method study recruited 141 (n=141) youth and young adults (ages 18-39). This study was informed on empirical research and a bilingual online questionnaire was field-tested, and data was collected via QuestionPro Software. Quantitative analysis was conducted using SPSS version 27. Descriptive statistics and frequency analysis were used for demographics and basic statistics. Chi square tests and Fisher's exact tests between variables were ran to find statistically significant associations. For the qualitative data, independent coders conducted recurrent content analysis to identify themes. Salient themes include knowledge about cancer types; access to health care; prevention; and the perceived impact of COVID-19 pandemic. Findings highlight a lack of knowledge and orientation on cancer in youth and young adults suggesting the need for community tailored education and screening interventions. Other findings reflect gender differences in knowledge and practices, which indicates that a gender-specific lens is needed when delivering education.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Neoplasias , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , Projetos Piloto , População Rural , Inquéritos e Questionários , Texas , Adulto Jovem
2.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0267630, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503770

RESUMO

Wildlife-vehicle collisions can have a substantial influence on the mortality rates of many wildlife populations. Crossing structures are designed to mitigate the impact of road mortality by allowing safe passage of wildlife above or below roads, and connect to suitable areas on both sides of the road. Ocelots (Leopardus pardalis) are a federally endangered felid in the United States, with remnant populations of <80 individuals remaining in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of South Texas. Vehicle collisions are the greatest known source of mortality for ocelots in Texas. Crossing structures designed for ocelot use have been implemented throughout South Texas since the 1990s, however, ocelots rarely use them. We compared landscape characteristics between ocelot crossing structures and ocelot-vehicle collision sites. We quantified the spatial distribution of woody and herbaceous cover types surrounding ocelot crossing structures (n = 56) and ocelot-vehicle collision sites (n = 26) at multiple spatial extents and compared landscape metrics between these location types. The landscape surrounding ocelot crossing structures had 17-22% more open herbaceous cover >1,050 m from the road, and 1.2-5.8 ha larger herbaceous patches >450 m from the road compared to ocelot-vehicle collision sites. Additionally, many crossing structures installed during the 1990's are situated >100 km away from an extant ocelot population. Results from this study can guide conservation planners to place future road crossing structures in areas more likely to be used by ocelots. Our results also emphasize that reliable scientific data must be used for effective mitigation efforts. In the absence of data, post-installation assessments can improve the placement of future structures.


Assuntos
Felidae , Animais , Animais Selvagens , Humanos , Texas/epidemiologia
4.
New Dir Stud Leadersh ; 2022(173): 113-115, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35478335

RESUMO

Out in the west Texas town of El Paso … is found the first ABET accredited engineering leadership degree program in the USA.


Assuntos
Liderança , Humanos , Texas
5.
Matern Child Health J ; 26(5): 1168-1179, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35386030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe health burden and health service utilization from the prenatal period to 1 year postpartum among women with births covered by Texas Medicaid, focusing on the major contributors to maternal mortality after 60 days postpartum in Texas. METHODS: We analyzed diagnoses and health service utilization during the prenatal, early postpartum (5-60 days postpartum), and late postpartum (> 60 days to 1 year postpartum) periods, using administrative medical claims data for women ages 18-44 years with a Medicaid-paid delivery in 2017 residing in selected regions in Texas (n = 49,302). RESULTS: Overall, 12.6% and 17.5% of women had diagnoses of cardiovascular/coronary conditions and substance use disorder, respectively. Mental health conditions affected 30% of women, with anxiety (47.1%) and depression (34.3%) accounting for the greatest proportion of diagnosed mental health conditions. The prevalence of these conditions was higher during the late (19.4%) versus early (9.9%) postpartum period. About 47.8% of women had other chronic health conditions, including obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. Among women with the selected health conditions, utilization of any health services was higher during the prenatal period compared to early and late postpartum periods (e.g., any mental health service utilization: prenatal period (57.4%) versus early postpartum (26.9%) and late postpartum (25.5%) periods). However, among women with the selected health conditions, there was a high utilization of emergency room services during the late postpartum period [e.g., emergency room service utilization among those with mental health conditions: prenatal period (35.6%); postpartum period: early (5.5%) and late (30.1%)]. CONCLUSIONS FOR PRACTICE: Increasing access to the full range of recommended services during the prenatal period through 1 year postpartum has potential to help improve vulnerable women's birth outcomes.


Assuntos
Medicaid , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Adolescente , Adulto , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Texas/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Zootaxa ; 5087(2): 383-388, 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35390911

RESUMO

A new eyeless cave-inhabiting species of the weevil genus Lymantes Schoenherr (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Molytinae: Lymantini) is described. Lymantes reddelli Anderson, new species, occurs in caves in Bexar and Travis Counties, Texas, United States of America. The new species is very similar to Lymantes nadineae Anderson but is found in caves south of the Colorado River whereas L. nadineae is only known from caves north of the Colorado River. Characters of external morphology and male genitalia to separate the species are given.


Assuntos
Besouros , Gorgulhos , Animais , Masculino , Texas
7.
Environ Monit Assess ; 194(5): 330, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35384492

RESUMO

Although urban community food gardens have the capacity to strengthen and support neighborhoods in need, the benefits of such operations must be considered in tandem with the potential risks associated with urban environmental contamination. Therefore, research is needed to characterize existing community gardens in urban areas. In the present study, a survey of Houston, TX, community gardeners (N = 20) was conducted to better understand their risk-based knowledge and perceptions, current gardening practices, and willingness to implement risk mitigation measures. Soil samples collected from the beds (N = 22) and surrounding grounds (N = 24) of existing community garden sites in Houston, TX, were screened for trace and heavy metals using X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. The survey indicated that community gardeners had few concerns with regard to potential soilborne hazards and were generally willing to use diverse strategies to reduce potential hazards related to garden soil contamination. Ground and garden bed soil collected from community gardens were found to have excess concentrations of arsenic compared to federal health screening limits. The information provided here provides insight into possible discordance between community gardening risk perception and contamination risk that could be addressed through outreach, engagement, and remediation approaches.


Assuntos
Jardins , Poluentes do Solo , Monitoramento Ambiental , Jardinagem , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Texas
8.
J Am Board Fam Med ; 35(2): 225-234, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recruiting and increasing participation of women and racial/ethnic groups remains an ongoing struggle despite the National Institutes of Health Revitalization Act mandating the inclusion of these populations. This study examined gender and racial/ethnic differences in research interest in participating in Practice-Based Research Network studies focused on cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, cancer, and mental health research. METHODS: A total of 1348 participants and 18 NorTex clinics from the North Texas Primary Care Registry Project (NRP) database were included in this cross-sectional study. Participants who signed up through the registry to participate in future research projects and self-reported as non-Hispanic White, Hispanic, or non-Hispanic Black were included. Research interest in heart disease, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and heart failure were categorized as CVD; depression and anxiety were categorized as mental health; diabetes and cancer research were coded as single item dependent variables. RESULTS: Of registry participants, 72% were female, 34.5% were Black, and 24.4% were Hispanic. Of participants, 70% (n = 942) were interested in CVD research, the leading area of interest. Mental health research (56.3%, n = 755) was the second highest area of interest, while cancer had the least interest (38.4%, n = 515). After controlling for age, smoking, and having a diagnosis of the medical condition, gender did not predict interest in CVD, diabetes, cancer, or mental health research. However, race/ethnicity significantly predicted interest in diabetes and cancer research. CONCLUSION: Results indicate there are racial/ethnic differences in interest in specific research topics among our registry participants. This information may be helpful to develop successful recruitment strategies.


Assuntos
Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Texas/epidemiologia
9.
Vaccine ; 40(19): 2723-2732, 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367071

RESUMO

Control of swine influenza A virus (swIAV) in North America and Europe is complicated because multiple antigenically distinct swIAV strains co-circulate in the field, and no vaccine is available that can provide broad cross-protection against all these swIAVs. In 2017, the first live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) for swine was licensed in the US. The non-structural protein 1 (NS1)-truncated cluster I H3N2 strain A/swine/Texas/4199-2/98 NS1del126 (TX98 LAIV) in this vaccine provides partial cross-protection against heterologous North American cluster II and IV H3N2 swIAV strains. Its efficacy against European or more recent North American H3N2 lineages remains to be investigated. In this study, we evaluated the level of cross-protection against heterologous IAVs representative of the major H3N2 swIAV lineages in Europe and North America. TX98 LAIV prevented both nasal shedding and replication in the lungs of a North American cluster IV H3N2 swIAV for 2/4 pigs, prevented considerable nasal shedding of a North American novel human-like H3N2 swIAV for 2/4 pigs, and reduced replication of a European H3N2 swIAV in the lower respiratory tract to minimal titers for 1/3 pigs. Although TX98 LAIV elicited neutralizing antibodies against the homologous virus in serum and to a lesser extent in nose and lungs, no significant cross-reactive antibody titers against the heterologous swIAVs were detected. Partial cross-protection therefore likely relies on cellular and mucosal immune responses against conserved parts of the swIAV proteins. Since TX98 LAIV can offer partial protection against a broad range of H3N2 swIAVs, it might be a suitable priming vaccine for use in a heterologous prime-boost vaccination strategy.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A , Vacinas contra Influenza , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae , Doenças dos Suínos , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2 , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/veterinária , Suínos , Texas , Vacinas Atenuadas
10.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 71(14): 509-516, 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35389974

RESUMO

Monkeypox is a rare, sometimes life-threatening zoonotic infection that occurs in west and central Africa. It is caused by Monkeypox virus, an orthopoxvirus similar to Variola virus (the causative agent of smallpox) and Vaccinia virus (the live virus component of orthopoxvirus vaccines) and can spread to humans. After 39 years without detection of human disease in Nigeria, an outbreak involving 118 confirmed cases was identified during 2017-2018 (1); sporadic cases continue to occur. During September 2018-May 2021, six unrelated persons traveling from Nigeria received diagnoses of monkeypox in non-African countries: four in the United Kingdom and one each in Israel and Singapore. In July 2021, a man who traveled from Lagos, Nigeria, to Dallas, Texas, became the seventh traveler to a non-African country with diagnosed monkeypox. Among 194 monitored contacts, 144 (74%) were flight contacts. The patient received tecovirimat, an antiviral for treatment of orthopoxvirus infections, and his home required large-scale decontamination. Whole genome sequencing showed that the virus was consistent with a strain of Monkeypox virus known to circulate in Nigeria, but the specific source of the patient's infection was not identified. No epidemiologically linked cases were reported in Nigeria; no contact received postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) with the orthopoxvirus vaccine ACAM2000.


Assuntos
Monkeypox , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Monkeypox/diagnóstico , Monkeypox/epidemiologia , Monkeypox/prevenção & controle , Vírus da Varíola dos Macacos/genética , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Texas/epidemiologia , Zoonoses
12.
South Med J ; 115(3): 175-180, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35237834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in unprecedented hospitalizations, ventilator use, and deaths. Because of concerns for resource utilization and surges in hospital capacity use, Texas Executive Order GA-29 required statewide mask wear beginning July 3, 2020. Our objective was to compare COVID-19 case load, hospital bed use, and deaths before and after implementation of this mask order. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study using publicly reported statewide data to perform a mixed-methods interrupted time series analysis. We compared outcomes before and after the statewide mask wear mandate per Executive Order GA-29. The preorder period was from June 19 to July 2, 2020. The postorder period was July 17 to September 17, 2020. Outcomes included daily COVID-19 case load, hospitalizations, and mortality. RESULTS: The daily case load before the mask order per 100,000 individuals was 187.5 (95% confidence interval [CI] 157.0-217.0) versus 200.7 (95% CI 179.8-221.6) after GA-29. The number of daily hospitalized patients with COVID-19 was 171.4 (95% CI 143.8-199.0) before GA-29 versus 225.1 (95% CI 202.9-247.3) after. Daily mortality was 2.4 (95% CI 1.9-2.9) before GA-29 versus 5.2 (95% CI 4.6-5.8). There was no material impact on our results after controlling for economic activity. CONCLUSIONS: In both adjusted and unadjusted analyses, we were unable to detect a reduction in case load, hospitalization rates, or mortality associated with the implementation of an executive order requiring a statewide mask order. These results suggest that during a period of rapid virus spread, additional public health measures may be necessary to mitigate transmission at the population level.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas Obrigatórios , Máscaras , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Análise de Séries Temporais Interrompida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Texas
13.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 28(4): 848-851, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35318926

RESUMO

We describe 73 patients with coccidioidomycosis diagnosed or treated at a regional referral center in West Texas, USA. Patients most at risk worked in oil production or agriculture; the most-associated health factors were smoking and diabetes. Patient demographics suggest that access to care may affect coccidioidomycosis diagnosis in this region.


Assuntos
Coccidioidomicose , Coccidioidomicose/diagnóstico , Coccidioidomicose/epidemiologia , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Texas/epidemiologia
14.
J Am Mosq Control Assoc ; 38(1): 59-69, 2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35276730

RESUMO

Insecticide use is the primary method of attempting to reduce or control the spread of mosquito-borne diseases. Insecticide resistance is a major concern as resistance will limit the efficacy of vector-control efforts. The lower Rio Grande Valley region of South Texas has had autochthonous transmission of multiple mosquito-borne diseases including those caused by dengue virus, chikungunya virus, and Zika virus. However, the current status of mosquito resistance to commonly used pesticides in this region is unknown. In this study, we collected field samples from multiple municipalities in South Texas and assessed resistance using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention bottle bioassay. All populations exhibited characteristics of resistance, and permethrin was the most effective insecticide with an average mortality rate of 44.78%. Deltamethrin and sumethrin had significantly lower mortality rates of 20.31% and 32.16%, respectively, although neither of these insecticides are commonly used for vector-control activities in this region. Depending on which insecticide was used, there was little significance between each of the 7 cities. Seasonal variation in resistance was observed among the collection sites. Both deltamethrin and sumethrin exhibited an increase in susceptibility over the course of 10 months, while permethrin exhibited a decrease in susceptibility. These data highlight the need for further studies to determine if variations in resistance observed are repeated. The data and future findings may be useful in determining the most effective strategies for pesticide use and rotation.


Assuntos
Aedes , Inseticidas , Piretrinas , Infecção por Zika virus , Zika virus , Animais , Cidades , Resistência a Inseticidas , Inseticidas/farmacologia , México , Mosquitos Vetores , Permetrina , Texas , Infecção por Zika virus/prevenção & controle
15.
Prenat Diagn ; 42(5): 535-541, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35357014
16.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 87(1): 33-49, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35275552

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating illness in elderly individuals, that currently has no known cure. Causal genetic factors only account for 1-2% of AD patients. However, other causal factors are still unknown for a majority of AD patients. Currently, multiple factors are implicated in late-onset AD, including unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, traumatic brain injury, chronic conditions, epigenetic factors, and environmental exposures. Although clinical symptoms of dementia are common to all races and ethnic groups, conditions that lead to dementia are different in terms of lifestyle, genetic profile, and socio-economic conditions. Increasing evidence also suggests that some elderly individuals age without cognitive impairments in their 60-90s as seen in rural West Texas, while some individuals progress with chronic conditions and cognitive impairments into their 60s. To understand these discriminations, we assessed current literature on demographic features of health in rural West Texas. This paper also outlines our initiated clinical study with a purpose of understanding the factors that allow some individuals to live without cognitive impairments at the age of 60-90 years, whereas others develop deficits in cognitive function around or above 60 years. Our ongoing study hopes to determine the factors that delay aging in some individuals by investigating various aspects including genetics, epigenetics, ethnicity, biology, culture, and lifestyle. This will be achieved by gathering information about participants' ethnographic profiles, cognitive assessments, blood-profiles, brain scans, and blood-based genomic analyses in relation to lifestyle. The outcomes of our study will provide insights into healthy aging in rural West Texas.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Envelhecimento Saudável , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença de Alzheimer/epidemiologia , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Doença Crônica , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Humanos , Texas/epidemiologia
18.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 443, 2022 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35248000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: South Texas Latinas experience higher cervical cancer incidence and mortality compared to Latinas nationwide. Despite the availability of effective human papillomavirus vaccines, South Texas Latino/a adolescents sub-optimally complete the series. Research shows provider recommendation strongly predicts vaccine uptake, but minority adolescents are less likely to report that their provider recommended the vaccine and series completion. There is also scant information on the HPV vaccine administration process in clinic practices providing vaccination services to Latino adolescents with limited access to healthcare resources. The purpose of the study was to describe providers' experience with administering the HPV vaccine to Latino/a patients in their practices. METHODS: The study used qualitative description to describe the experience of 15 South Texas healthcare providers (doctors and nurses) with the process of HPV vaccine administration in their practices. We conducted open ended, audio-recorded interviews, which were subsequently transcribed verbatim and uploaded into Atlas.(ti) 7.0 for analysis. The interviews yielded detailed descriptions of barriers and facilitators that could potentially impact HPV vaccine uptake. RESULTS: Providers identified parental exposure to provider recommendation as enhancing HPV acceptance and existing policies and implementation of evidence-based practices as facilitators of HPV vaccine uptake. Barriers ranged from parental fears of adolescent sexual activity and potential vaccine side effects to lack of transportation and the cost of the vaccine. CONCLUSION: These findings reflect barriers and facilitators to administering the HPV vaccine previously identified and also highlight issues unique to the situation among Latinos in South Texas. Implications include the need to design and implement efforts to improve provider-parent communication and enhance parental and adolescent patients' understanding of and confidence in the HPV vaccine. Furthermore, policy changes are needed to rectify organizational/structural challenges to HPV vaccine administration.


Assuntos
Infecções por Papillomavirus , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus , Adolescente , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Texas , Vacinação
19.
Hum Biol ; 93(1): 33-50, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35338701

RESUMO

The humanitarian crisis on the US-Mexico border is a long-standing and evolving crisis in which nearly 8,000 deaths have been reported in the last two decades. These deaths are largely distributed across the Arizona-Mexico and Texas-Mexico border regions, where demographic trends for immigrants attempting to cross into the United States have shifted dramatically. The demographic change and volume of immigrants seeking shelter in the United States present new challenges for the forensic practitioners entrusted with the identification of individuals who lose their lives during the final segment of their journey. Within this border context, this study investigated how genetic variation inferred from forensically significant microsatellites can provide valuable information on regions of origin for unidentified remains at the group level. To explore how to mobilize these genetic data to inform identification strategies, the authors conducted a comparative genetic analysis of identified and unidentified immigrant cases from the Arizona- and Texas-Mexico contexts, as well as 27 other Latin American groups. Allele frequencies were utilized to calculate FST, and relationships were visually depicted in a multidimensional scaling plot. A Spearman correlation coefficient analysis assessed the strength and significance of population relationships, and an agglomerative clustering analysis assessed population clusters. Results indicate that Arizona-Mexico immigrants have the strongest relationship (>80%) with groups from El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, and an indigenous group from southern Mexico. Texas-Mexico immigrants have the strongest relationships (>80%) with groups from Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. These findings agree with, and are discussed in comparison with, previously reported demographic trends, population genetics research, and population history analyses. The authors emphasize the utility and necessity of coupling genetic variation research with a nuanced anthropological perspective for identification processes in the US-Mexico border context.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Genética Populacional , Arizona , Variação Genética , Humanos , América Latina , México , Texas , Estados Unidos
20.
Microbiol Spectr ; 10(2): e0057622, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35319276

RESUMO

Free-ranging white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) across the United States are increasingly recognized for infection and transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Through a cross-sectional study of 80 deer at three captive cervid facilities in central and southern Texas, we provide evidence of 34 of 36 (94.4%) white-tailed deer at a single captive cervid facility seropositive for SARS-CoV-2 by neutralization assay (PRNT90), with endpoint titers as high as 1,280. In contrast, all tested white-tailed deer and axis deer (Axis axis) at two other captive cervid facilities were seronegative, and SARS-CoV-2 RNA was not detected in respiratory swabs from deer at any of the three facilities. These data support transmission among captive deer that cannot be explained by human contact for each infected animal, as only a subset of the seropositive does had direct human contact. The facility seroprevalence was more than double of that reported from wild deer, suggesting that the confined environment may facilitate transmission. Further exploration of captive cervids and other managed animals for their role in the epizootiology of SARS-CoV-2 is critical for understanding impacts on animal health and the potential for spillback transmission to humans or other animal taxa. IMPORTANCE As SARS-CoV-2 vaccine coverage of the human population increases and variants of concern continue to emerge, identification of the epidemiologic importance of animal virus reservoirs is critical. We found that nearly all (94.4%) of the captive white-tailed deer at a cervid facility in central Texas had neutralizing antibodies for SARS-CoV-2. This seroprevalence is over double than that which has been reported from free-ranging deer from other regions of the United States. Horizontal transmission among deer may be facilitated in confinement. Tracking new infections among wild and confined deer is critical for understanding the importance of animal reservoirs for both veterinary and human health.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Cervos , Animais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/veterinária , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Texas/epidemiologia
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