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1.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 121(4): e20230544, 2024.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ablation Index (AI) software has allowed better atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation results, but recurrence rates remain significant. Specific serum biomarkers have been associated with this recurrence. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether certain biomarkers could be used (either individually or combined) to predict arrhythmia recurrence after AI-guided AF ablation. METHODS: Prospective multicenter observational study of consecutive patients referred for AF ablation from January 2018 to March 2021. Hemoglobin, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), C-reactive protein, high sensitivity cardiac troponin I, creatinine clearance, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) were assessed for their ability to predict arrhythmia recurrence during follow-up. Statistical significance was accepted for p values of<0.05. RESULTS: A total of 593 patients were included - 412 patients with paroxysmal AF and 181 with persistent AF. After a mean follow-up of 24±6 months, overall single-procedure freedom from atrial arrhythmia was 76.4%. Individually, all biomarkers had no or only modest predictive power for recurrence. However, a TSH value >1.8 µUI/mL (HR=1.82 [95% CI, 1.89-2.80], p=0.006) was an independent predictor of arrhythmia recurrence. When assessing TSH, FT4 and BNP values in combination, each additional "abnormal" biomarker value was associated with a lower freedom from arrhythmia recurrence (87.1 % for no biomarker vs. 83.5% for one vs. 75.1% for two vs. 43.3% for three biomarkers, p<0.001). Patients with three "abnormal" biomarkers had a threefold higher risk of AF recurrence compared with no "abnormal" biomarker (HR=2.88 [95% CI, 1.39-5.17], p=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: When used in combination, abnormal TSH, FT4 and BNP values can be a useful tool for predicting arrhythmia recurrence after AI-guided AF ablation.


FUNDAMENTO: O software ablation index (AI) permitiu melhorar os resultados da ablação de fibrilação atrial (FA), mas as taxas de recorrência permanecem significativas. Biomarcadores séricos específicos têm sido associados a essa recorrência. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar se certos biomarcadores podem ser utilizados (individualmente ou combinados) para predizer a recorrência de FA pós ablação guiada pelo AI. MÉTODOS: Estudo multicêntrico, observacional, prospectivo de pacientes consecutivos, encaminhados para ablação de FA de janeiro de 2018 a março de 2021. Hemoglobina, peptídeo natriurético cerebral (BNP), proteína C reativa, troponina I ultrassensível, clearance de creatinina, Hormônio Tireoestimulante (TSH), e Tiroxina livre (T4) foram avaliados quanto à capacidade de prever a recorrência de arritmias durante o acompanhamento. Valores de p <0,05 foram aceitos como estatisticamente significativos. RESULTADOS: Um total de 593 pacientes foram incluídos ­ 412 com FA paroxística e 181 com FA persistente. Durante o seguimento médio de 24±6 meses, 76,4% não apresentaram recidiva após ablação. Individualmente, os biomarcadores demonstraram um valor preditivo baixo ou nulo para recorrência. No entanto, TSH >1,8 µUI/mL [HR=1,82 (IC95%, 1,89-2,80), p=0,006] foi um preditor independente de recorrência. Avaliando-se a combinação de TSH, FT4 e BNP, a adição de cada valor "anormal" foi associada a uma menor sobrevida livre de recorrência (87,1% se nenhum vs. 83,5% se um vs. 75,1% se dois vs. 43,3% se três biomarcadores, p<0,001). Doentes com três biomarcadores "anormais" apresentaram três vezes maior probabilidade de recorrência de FA, comparativamente aos que não apresentaram nenhum biomarcador "anormal" (HR=2,88 [IC95%, 1,39-5,17], p=0,003). CONCLUSÕES: Quando combinados, valores anormais de TSH, FT4 e BNP podem ser uma ferramenta útil para prever a recorrência de FA pós ablação guiada pelo AI.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Biomarcadores , Ablação por Cateter , Recidiva , Tireotropina , Humanos , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Prospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Idoso , Tireotropina/sangue , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Resultado do Tratamento , Tiroxina/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Troponina I/sangue
2.
Syst Rev ; 13(1): 123, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid dysfunction is common in older people, with females at higher risk. Evidence suggests that thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels naturally increase with age. However, as uniform serum TSH reference ranges are applied across the adult lifespan, subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) diagnosis is more likely in older people, with some individuals also being commenced treatment with levothyroxine (LT4). It is unclear whether LT4 treatment in older people with SCH is associated with adverse cardiovascular or bone health outcomes. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to synthesise previous studies evaluating cardiovascular and bone health outcomes in older people with SCH, comparing LT4 treatment with no treatment. PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception until March 13, 2023, and studies that evaluated cardiovascular and bone health events in people with SCH over 50 years old were selected. RESULTS: Six articles that recruited 3853 participants were found, ranging from 185 to 1642 participants, with the proportion of females ranging from 45 to 80%. The paucity of data resulted in analysis for those aged over 65 years only. Additionally, a study with 12,212 participants aged 18 years and older was identified; however, only data relevant to patients aged 65 years and older were considered for inclusion in the systematic review. Of these 7 studies, 4 assessed cardiovascular outcomes, 1 assessed bone health outcomes, and 2 assessed both. A meta-analysis of cardiovascular outcomes revealed a pooled hazard ratio of 0.89 (95% CI 0.71-1.12), indicating no significant difference in cardiovascular risk between older individuals with SCH treated with LT4 compared to those without treatment. Due to overlapping sub-studies, meta-analysis for bone health outcomes was not possible. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and meta-analysis found no significant association between LT4 use and cardiovascular and bone health outcomes in SCH participants over 65 years. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42022308006.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipotireoidismo , Tiroxina , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/tratamento farmacológico , Tiroxina/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Feminino , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1301213, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742199

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the relationship between bone turnover markers (BTMs) and thyroid indicators in Graves' disease (GD) and to further assess predictive value of changes in early stage retrospectively. Methods: We studied 435 patients with GD and 113 healthy physical examiners retrospectively and followed up these two groups of patients after 6 months. We investigated the correlations between BTMs and other 15 observed factors, and analyzed the predictive value of FT3 and FT4 before and after treatment (FT3-P/FT3-A, FT4-P/FT4-A) on whether BTMs recovered. Results: The levels of thyroid hormones and BTMs in GD group were significantly higher than those in control group (P < 0.05) and decreased after 6 months of treatment. FT3, W, Ca and ALP were independent factors in predicting the elevation of OST. Duration of disease, FT3, TSH and ALP were independent factors in predicting the elevation of P1NP. Age, duration of disease, TRAb and ALP were independent factors in predicting the elevation of CTX-1. The AUC of FT3-P/FT3-A and FT4-P/FT4-A for predicting OST recovery were 0.748 and 0.705 (P < 0.05), respectively, and the cut-off values were 0.51 and 0.595. There was no predictive value for P1NP and CTX-1 recovery (P > 0.05). Conclusion: BTMs were abnormally elevated in GD and were significantly correlated with serum levels of FT3, FT4, TRAb, Ca, and ALP. FT3 decreased more than 51% and FT4 dropped more than 59.5% after 6 months of treatment were independent predictors for the recovery of BTMs in GD.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Remodelação Óssea , Doença de Graves , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Doença de Graves/sangue , Doença de Graves/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Graves/metabolismo , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Prognóstico , Antitireóideos/uso terapêutico , Tiroxina/sangue , Tri-Iodotironina/sangue , Seguimentos
4.
J Diabetes Res ; 2024: 8462987, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712310

RESUMO

Background and Aims: This study is aimed at investigating the potential correlation of thyroid hormone sensitivity with visceral fat area (VFA), subcutaneous fat area (SFA), and body mass index (BMI) among euthyroid type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects. Methods: Thyroid hormone sensitivity indices were calculated by thyroid feedback quantile-based index (TFQI), TSH index (TSHI), thyrotropin thyroxine resistance index (TT4RI), and free thyroxine (fT4)/free triiodothyronine (fT3) ratio. These indices were then categorized into quartiles for analysis. The outcomes were the change rates in VFA, SFA, and BMI among the participants. Result: The present study included 921 patients, with a median follow-up of 2.2 years. In multivariate linear regression, when compared to the first quartile, SFA demonstrated a notable decline in the fourth quartile of TFQI, TSHI, and TT4RI (ß coefficient = -5.78, -7.83, and - 6.84 cm2 per year), while it significantly increased in the fourth quartile of fT4/fT3 ratio (ß coefficient = 6.13 cm2 per year). Similarly, in the fourth quartile of TFQI, TSHI, and TT4RI, VFA decreased significantly, evidenced by ß coefficients of -5.14, -4.80, and -4.08 cm2 per year. Yet, among the quartiles of the fT4/fT3 ratio, no discernible trend in VFA was observed. There was no significant association between indices of thyroid hormone sensitivity and change in BMI. Conclusion: Impaired central sensitivity to thyroid hormones was significantly associated with the reduction of VFA and SFA, while impaired peripheral sensitivity was associated with an increase of SFA in euthyroid individuals with T2DM.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hormônios Tireóideos , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue , Idoso , Tiroxina/sangue , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/metabolismo , Tireotropina/sangue , Gordura Abdominal/metabolismo , Adulto , Tri-Iodotironina/sangue , Testes de Função Tireóidea
6.
BMC Surg ; 24(1): 133, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702652

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: While surgery plays a crucial role in treating papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), the potential effects of subsequent TSH suppression therapy on prognosis should not be overlooked. This study aims to investigate the factors that influence postoperative TSH suppression therapy in patients with PTC. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort study conducted at our hospital. It included 268 patients who underwent surgery and were pathologically diagnosed with PTC between February 2019 and February 2021. The selected patients received postoperative TSH suppression therapy. Based on the TSH level measured 12 months after surgery, the patients were divided into two groups: TSH level conforming group (n = 80) and non-conforming group (n = 188). We then compared the general clinical data, clinicopathological characteristics, preoperative laboratory test indicators, postoperative levothyroxine sodium tablet dosage, follow-up frequency, and thyroid function-related indicators between the two groups of patients. The correlation between the observed indicators and the success of TSH suppression therapy was further analyzed, leading to the identification of influencing factors for TSH suppression therapy. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in general clinical data and clinicopathological characteristics between the two groups of patients (P > 0.05). The proportion of patients with preoperative TSH ≥ 2.0 mU/L was higher in the non-conforming group compared to the TSH level conforming group (P < 0.05), and the ROC curve analysis indicated that the area under the curve for the preoperative TSH index was 0.610 (P < 0.05). The proportion of patients in the TSH level conforming group who took oral levothyroxine sodium tablets at a dose of ≥ 1.4 µg/kg·d after surgery was higher (P < 0.05). The postoperative levels of FT3 and FT4 were higher in the TSH level conforming group (P < 0.05). The results of binary logistic regression analysis indicated that factors "Postoperative TSH level ≥ 2 mU/L", "Levothyroxine sodium tablet dose<1.4 µg/kg·d", and "Combined with Hashimoto thyroiditis" were significantly associated with an elevated risk of postoperative TSH levels failing to reach the target (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Optimal thyroid function in patients with PTC post-surgery is best achieved when adjusting the dose of levothyroxine sodium in a timely manner to reach the target TSH level during follow-up visits.


Assuntos
Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Tireoidectomia , Tireotropina , Tiroxina , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Tireotropina/sangue , Tireotropina/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tiroxina/uso terapêutico , Tiroxina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Resultado do Tratamento , Período Pós-Operatório
7.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 68: e230301, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739525

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the association of TSH, free T3 (FT3), free T4 (FT4), and conversion (FT3:FT4) ratio values with incident hypertension. Materials and methods: The study included data from participants of the ELSA-Brasil study without baseline hypertension. Serum TSH, FT4 and FT3 levels, and FT3:FT4 ratio values were assessed at baseline, and incident hypertension (defined by blood pressure levels ≥ 140/90 mmHg) was estimated over a median of 8.2 years of follow-up. The risk of incident hypertension was evaluated considering a 1-unit increase in TSH, FT4, FT3, and conversion ratio values and after dividing these variables into quintiles for further analysis using Poisson regression with robust variance. The results are presented as relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) before and after adjustment for multiple variables. Results: The primary analysis incorporated data from 5,915 euthyroid individuals, and the secondary analysis combined data from all euthyroid individuals, 587 individuals with subclinical hypothyroidism, and 31 individuals with subclinical hyperthyroidism. The rate of incident hypertension was 28% (95% CI: 27%-29.3%). The FT4 levels in the first quintile (0.18-1.06 ng/dL) were significantly associated with incident hypertension (RR: 1.03, 95% CI: 1.01-1.06) at follow-up. The association between FT4 levels in the first quintile and incident hypertension was also observed in the analysis of combined data from euthyroid individuals and participants with subclinical thyroid dysfunction (RR: 1.04, 95% CI: 1.01-1.07). The associations were predominantly observed with systolic blood pressure levels in euthyroid individuals. However, in the combined analysis incorporating euthyroid participants and individuals with subclinical thyroid dysfunction, the associations were more pronounced with diastolic blood pressure levels. Conclusion: Low FT4 levels may be a mild risk factor for incident hypertension in euthyroid individuals and persons with subclinical thyroid dysfunction.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Tireotropina , Tiroxina , Tri-Iodotironina , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/sangue , Masculino , Feminino , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Longitudinais , Adulto , Tireotropina/sangue , Incidência , Tiroxina/sangue , Tri-Iodotironina/sangue , Hipertireoidismo/sangue , Hipertireoidismo/epidemiologia , Hipotireoidismo/sangue , Hipotireoidismo/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Testes de Função Tireóidea , Idoso
9.
J Affect Disord ; 357: 156-162, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The causal relationship between thyroid function variations within the reference range and cognitive function remains unknown. We aimed to explore this causal relationship using a Mendelian randomization (MR) approach. METHODS: Summary statistics of a thyroid function genome-wide association study (GWAS) were obtained from the ThyroidOmics consortium, including reference range thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) (N = 54,288) and reference range free thyroxine (FT4) (N = 49,269). GWAS summary statistics on cognitive function were obtained from the Social Science Genetic Association Consortium (SSGAC) and the UK Biobank, including cognitive performance (N = 257,841), prospective memory (N = 152,605), reaction time (N = 459,523), and fluid intelligence (N = 149,051). The primary method used was inverse-variance weighted (IVW), supplemented with weighted median, Mr-Egger regression, and MR-Pleiotropy Residual Sum and Outlier. Several sensitivity analyses were conducted to identify heterogeneity and pleiotropy. RESULTS: An increase in genetically associated TSH within the reference range was suggestively associated with a decline in cognitive performance (ß = -0.019; 95%CI: -0.034 to -0.003; P = 0.017) and significantly associated with longer reaction time (ß = 0.016; 95 % CI: 0.005 to 0.027; P = 0.004). Genetically associated FT4 levels within the reference range had a significant negative relationship with reaction time (ß = -0.030; 95%CI:-0.044 to -0.015; P = 4.85 × 10-5). These findings remained robust in the sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Low thyroid function within the reference range may have a negative effect on cognitive function, but further research is needed to fully understand the nature of this relationship. LIMITATIONS: This study only used GWAS data from individuals of European descent, so the findings may not apply to other ethnic groups.


Assuntos
Cognição , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Tireotropina , Tiroxina , Humanos , Tireotropina/sangue , Cognição/fisiologia , Tiroxina/sangue , Glândula Tireoide/fisiologia , Valores de Referência , Testes de Função Tireóidea , Inteligência/genética , Inteligência/fisiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Tempo de Reação/genética , Memória Episódica , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
10.
Atherosclerosis ; 392: 117527, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Diabetic atherosclerotic vascular disease is characterized by extensive vascular calcification. However, an elevated blood glucose level alone does not explain this pathogenesis. We investigated the metabolic markers underlying diabetic atherosclerosis and whether extracellular Hsp90α (eHsp90α) triggers vascular endothelial calcification in this particular metabolic environment. METHODS: A parallel human/animal model metabolomics approach was used. We analyzed 40 serum samples collected from 24 patients with atherosclerosis and from the STZ-induced ApoE-/- mouse model. A multivariate statistical analysis of the data was performed, and mouse aortic tissue was collected for the assessment of plaque formation. In vitro, the effects of eHsp90α on endothelial cell calcification were assessed by serum analysis, Western blotting and immunoelectron microscopy. RESULTS: Diabetic ApoE-/- mice showed more severe plaque lesions and calcification damage. Stearamide, oleamide, l-thyroxine, l-homocitrulline and l-citrulline are biomarkers of diabetic ASVD; l-thyroxine was downregulated in both groups, and the thyroid sensitivity index was correlated with serum Hsp90α concentration. In vitro studies showed that eHsp90α increased Runx2 expression in endothelial cells through the LRP1 receptor. l-thyroxine reduced the increase in Runx2 levels caused by eHsp90α and affected the distribution and expression of LRP1 through hydrogen bonding with glutamine at position 1054 in the extracellular segment of LRP1. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a mechanistic link between characteristic serum metabolites and diabetic atherosclerosis and thus offers new insight into the role of extracellular Hsp90α in promoting vascular calcification.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90 , Camundongos Knockout para ApoE , Placa Aterosclerótica , Tiroxina , Calcificação Vascular , Humanos , Animais , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/metabolismo , Calcificação Vascular/metabolismo , Calcificação Vascular/patologia , Masculino , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Tiroxina/sangue , Feminino , Proteína-1 Relacionada a Receptor de Lipoproteína de Baixa Densidade/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Camundongos , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/patologia , Angiopatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Angiopatias Diabéticas/patologia , Angiopatias Diabéticas/etiologia , Metabolômica/métodos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaboloma/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Doenças da Aorta/metabolismo , Doenças da Aorta/patologia , Doenças da Aorta/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo
11.
Environ Int ; 186: 108647, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615542

RESUMO

The St. Lawrence Estuary (SLE) beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) population is highly exposed to an array of contaminants that were identified as one of the causes to the non-recovery of this endangered and declining population. In the last decade, an increasing number of parturition-associated complications and calf mortality has been reported in this population. It was suggested that elevated exposure to organohalogens (e.g., the halogenated flame retardants polybrominated diphenyl ethers [PBDEs]) and stress could play a role in this phenomenon by perturbing thyroid hormones. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of concentrations of organohalogen contaminants and stress (cortisol levels) on thyroid hormone variations in adult male and female SLE belugas. Because plasma could not be collected in SLE belugas for ethical reasons, skin biopsy (n = 40) was used as a less-invasive alternative matrix to determine organohalogens (PBDEs and other halogenated flame retardants, polychlorinated biphenyls, and organochlorine pesticides), cortisol, and thyroid hormones (triiodothyronine [T3] and thyroxine [T4]), and their metabolites reverse T3 and 3,5-diiodothyronine [3,5-T2]). Cortisol and thyroid hormones were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-multiple reactions monitoring mass spectrometry (UPLC-MRM/MS). This method was compared using skin and plasma samples obtained from Arctic belugas. Comparisons of linear models showed that cortisol was a weak predictor for T4, rT3 and 3,5-T2. Specifically, there was a weak significant negative association between T4 and cortisol levels. Moreover, in male SLE belugas, a weak significant positive association was found between T3 and Σ34PBDE concentrations in skin. Our findings suggest that stress (i.e., elevated skin cortisol levels) along with organohalogen exposure (mainly PBDEs) may be associated with thyroid hormone level perturbations in skin of cetaceans.


Assuntos
Beluga , Hidrocortisona , Hormônios Tireóideos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Poluentes Químicos da Água/sangue , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue , Estuários , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/sangue , Bifenilos Policlorados/sangue , Monitoramento Ambiental , Retardadores de Chama/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção , Tri-Iodotironina/sangue , Hidrocarbonetos Halogenados/sangue , Tiroxina/sangue
12.
Ital J Pediatr ; 50(1): 83, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38650008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrophic autoimmune thyroiditis (AAT) is a rare phenotype of autoimmune thyroiditis (AT) in pediatric age. AAT occurs without thyroid enlargement leading to a delay in its diagnosis. Growth impairment is infrequent in autoimmune thyroiditis, if timely diagnosed. Prolonged severe hypothyroidism is a rare cause of pituitary hyperplasia (PH) in childhood. Loss of thyroxine negative feedback causes a TRH-dependent hyperplasia of pituitary thyrotroph cells resulting in adenohypophysis enlargement. A transdifferentiation of pituitary somatotroph cells into thyrotroph cells could explain growth failure in those patients. METHODS: Twelve patients were retrospectively evaluated at five Italian and Polish Centres of Pediatric Endocrinology for height growth impairment. In all Centres, patients underwent routine clinical, biochemical and radiological evaluations. RESULTS: At the time of first assessment, the 75% of patients presented height growth arrest, while the remaining ones showed growth impairment. The study of thyroid function documented a condition of hypothyroidism, due to AT, in the entire cohort, although all patients had no thyroid enlargement. Thyroid ultrasound showed frankly atrophic or normal gland without goiter. Cerebral MRI documented symmetrical enlargement of the adenohypophysis in all patients and a homogeneous enhancement of the gland after the administration of Gadolinium-DPTA. Replacement therapy with levothyroxine was started and patients underwent close follow-up every 3 months. During the 12 months of follow-up, an improvement in terms of height growth has been observed in 88% of patients who continued the follow-up. Laboratory findings showed normalization of thyroid function and the control brain MRI documented complete regression of PH to a volume within the normal range for age and sex. CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest pediatric cohort with severe autoimmune primary hypothyroidism without goiter, but with pituitary hyperplasia in which significant growth impairment was the most evident presenting sign. AAT phenotype might be correlated with this specific clinical presentation. In youths with growth impairment, hypothyroidism should always be excluded even in the absence of clear clinical signs of dysthyroidism.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia , Tireoidite Autoimune , Humanos , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tireoidite Autoimune/complicações , Adolescente , Transtornos do Crescimento/etiologia , Hipófise/patologia , Hipófise/diagnóstico por imagem , Itália , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pré-Escolar , Tiroxina/uso terapêutico , Seguimentos , Atrofia
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 927: 172368, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614346

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Disinfection byproducts (DBPs) have been shown to impair thyroid function in experimental models. However, epidemiological evidence is scarce. METHODS: This study included 1190 women undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment from the Tongji Reproductive and Environmental (TREE) cohort from December 2018 to August 2021. Serum thyrotropin (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT3), and free thyroxine (FT4) were measured as indicators of thyroid function. FT4/FT3 and TSH/FT4 ratios were calculated as markers of thyroid hormone homeostasis. Dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCAA), the two most abundant HAAs, in urine were detected to assess individual DBP exposures. RESULTS: After adjusting for relevant covariates, positive associations were observed between urinary TCAA concentrations and serum TSH and TSH/FT4 levels (e.g., percent change = 5.82 %, 95 % CI: 0.70 %, 11.21 % for TSH), whereas inverse associations were found for serum FT3 and FT4 (e.g., percent change = -1.29 %, 95 % CI: -2.49 %, -0.07 % for FT3). There also was a negative association between urinary DCAA concentration and serum FT4/FT3 (percent change = -2.49 %, 95 % CI: -4.71 %, -0.23 %). These associations were further confirmed in the restricted cubic spline and generalized additive models with linear or U-shaped dose-response relationships. CONCLUSION: Urinary HAAs were associated with altered thyroid hormone homeostasis among women undergoing ART treatment.


Assuntos
Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Tiroxina/sangue , Tri-Iodotironina/sangue , Tireotropina/sangue , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue , Testes de Função Tireóidea , Desinfetantes , Acetatos , China
14.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1322969, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654927

RESUMO

Objectives: In recent years, the free triiodothyronine/free thyroxine (FT3/FT4) ratio, a new comprehensive index for evaluating thyroid function, which could reflect thyroid function more stably and truly than serum thyroid hormone level, has been demonstrated to correlate with the risks of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in euthyroid adults. However, the correlation between thyroid hormone sensitivity and long-term prognosis in euthyroid patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and diabetes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains unclear. Methods: A total of 1,786 euthyroid patients with ACS who successfully underwent PCI at Beijing Anzhen Hospital from August 2021 to April 2022 were included in our study, which was divided into three groups according to tertiles of thyroid hormone sensitivity index. Cox regression, Kaplan-Meier, and receiver operating characteristic analyses were applied to analyze the associations between the FT3/FT4 ratio with ACS and diabetes after PCI. Results: Our analysis indicated that a lower level of FT3/FT4 ratio in euthyroid patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and diabetes after PCI showed significantly higher incidences of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) when compared with a higher level of FT3/FT4 ratio. After adjusting for other covariates, patients with a lower level of FT3/FT4 ratio were negatively associated with the risk of MACCE than those with a higher level of FT3/FT4 ratio (adjusted OR =1.61, 95% CI 1.05-2.47, P = 0.028). In subgroup analyses, individuals were stratified by age, sex, BMI, ACS type, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, showing that there were no significant interactions between the FT3/FT4 ratio and all subgroups for MACCE. In addition, the FT3/FT4 ratio performed better on ROC analyses for cardiac death prediction [area under the curve (AUC), 0.738]. Conclusion: A reduced level of FT3/FT4 ratio was a potential marker of poor prognosis in euthyroid patients with ACS and diabetes after PCI.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Biomarcadores , Diabetes Mellitus , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Tiroxina , Tri-Iodotironina , Humanos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Masculino , Feminino , Tri-Iodotironina/sangue , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Tiroxina/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Testes de Função Tireóidea , Seguimentos
15.
JAAPA ; 37(5): 42-44, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38662896

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The American Thyroid Association recommends levothyroxine monotherapy for treating hypothyroidism, a condition that affects 4.6% of the US population. However, up to 15% of these patients experience residual symptoms despite normalized thyroid-stimulating hormone levels, and may benefit from an endocrinology referral. Additional high-quality studies are needed to further evaluate patient preferences, as well as to investigate long-term outcomes of combination therapy and continue exploring therapeutic options for hypothyroidism management among specific patient subgroups.


Assuntos
Hipotireoidismo , Tireotropina , Tiroxina , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/tratamento farmacológico , Hipotireoidismo/diagnóstico , Hipotireoidismo/terapia , Tiroxina/uso terapêutico , Tiroxina/administração & dosagem , Tireotropina/sangue , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Terapia de Reposição Hormonal/métodos
16.
Discov Med ; 36(183): 827-835, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38665030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There are few follow-up studies on thyroid function in the same group for many years. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze the changes of thyroid function in a group of people for 8 years and to explore the changes of thyroid function in elderly men with normal thyroid function with age. METHODS: Reviewing the records of elderly men who underwent physical examination in the Beijing Hospital physical examination center from 2013 to 2020, 354 subjects were included in the study. According to age, they are divided into 4 groups. The differences in thyrotropin (TSH), anti-triiodothyronine (rT3), free triiodothyronine (FT3), and free thyroid hormone (FT4) among different age groups in initial time (2013) were compared. Longitudinal comparison of changes of thyroid function in the same age group for 8 years was compared too. RESULTS: At the initial time, age was negatively correlated with FT3 (r = 0.349, p < 0.001), positively correlated with rT3 and TSH (r = 0.182, p < 0.001, r = 0.212, p < 0.001), but not correlated with FT4. The results of eight years of analysis show that, for TSH, during the whole follow-up period, the TSH of the >80 years group was higher than that of the <60 years and 60-69 years groups, and the difference was statistically significant. The 70-79 age group was higher than the <60 years group at different time points, except for the age group <60 years. The other three groups showed an increasing trend with age, especially in the group of ≥80 years. For FT3, in 2013, the age ≥80 years group was significantly lower than that of the 70-79 years, 60-69 years, and <60 years old groups (p < 0.05). The analysis results at different time points in each age group showed a downward trend and then an upward trend. For FT4, there was no significant difference in FT4 among different age groups in 2013. Still, during the follow-up period, the age group ≥80 was lower than other age groups in 2019 and lower than the <60 years groups in 2014, 2015, 2019, and 2020, and the difference was statistically significant. The change rule of FT4 with the increase of age was not clear. For rT3, during the whole follow-up period, the rT3 of the >80 years group was higher than that of the <60 years and 60-69 years groups, and the difference was statistically significant. The analysis results at different time points in each age group showed a trend of rising first, then falling, and finally rising. After 2017, the rT3 of the 70-79 years and ≥80 years groups increased with age. CONCLUSIONS: The thyroid function index of elderly men changes with age. In transverse analysis, the value of TSH is the highest, and FT3 is the lowest in the group ≥80 years old. There are differences between the changes in the longitudinal analysis and the results of the horizontal analysis. Therefore, the law of thyroid function changing with age in different individuals is not the same as that of the same individual with age, which should be paid more attention in medical research and clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Testes de Função Tireóidea , Glândula Tireoide , Tireotropina , Tri-Iodotironina , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Glândula Tireoide/fisiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Tri-Iodotironina/sangue , Tireotropina/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tiroxina/sangue , Fatores Etários
17.
Hell J Nucl Med ; 27(1): 2-7, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629813

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In patients with normal liver function, patients with acute or chronic thyroid disease are more likely to develop liver dysfunction. Although the mechanisms underlying this process are not yet fully understood, it has been shown that hypothyroidism can lead to hepatic injury. We evaluated haematological function trends in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) at baseline and approximately 4 weeks after l-thyroxine withdrawal before radioactive iodine ablation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study, and 157 patients were enrolled. Logistic regression analysis was used to find significant predictors. Four weeks after LT4 withdrawal, 64 patients belonged to the group of liver injury, and 93 patients belonged to the group of normal liver function. RESULTS: Univariate analysis determined that platelet count (PC) (P=0.005), mean platelet volume (MPV) (P=0.013), platelet distribution width (PDW) (P=0.039) and absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) (P=0.008) were responsible risk factors for liver injury in DTC patients after withdrawal of levothyroxine (l-thyroxine). Multivariate analysis showed that slight increases in PC (OR: 2.243, P: 0.024) and ALC (OR: 0.398, P: 0.017) were closely associated with liver injury in DTC patients after 4 weeks LT4 withdrawal before radioactive iodine ablation. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that PC and ALC are independent predictors of hypo-related liver injury. Our study is the first to suggest that haematological indices can be used for predicting the development and progression of hypo-related liver disorders.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/sangue , Adulto , Tiroxina/sangue , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Testes de Função Hepática , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Prognóstico
18.
Lipids Health Dis ; 23(1): 101, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective was to investigate the efficacy of different doses of levothyroxine therapy among pregnant women exhibiting high-normal thyroid stimulating hormone levels and positive thyroid peroxidase antibodies throughout the first half of pregnancy. METHODS: Pregnant women exhibiting high-normal thyroid stimulating hormone levels and thyroid peroxidase antibodies positivity throughout the initial half of pregnancy were selected from January 2021 to September 2023. Based on the different doses of levothyroxine, the pregnant women were categorized into the nonintervention group (G0, 122 women), 25 µg levothyroxine intervention group (G25, 69 women), and 50 µg levothyroxine intervention group (G50, 58 women). Serum parameters, gastrointestinal symptoms, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared after the intervention among the three groups. RESULTS: After the intervention, in the G25 and G50 groups, the thyroid stimulating hormone, triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein levels were notably less in contrast to those in the G0 group (P < 0.05). The rates of abdominal distension and SIBO in the G25 and G50 groups were notably lower in contrast to the G0 group (P = 0.043 and 0.040, respectively). The G50 group had a lower rate of spontaneous abortion and premature membrane rupture than the G0 group (P = 0.01 and 0.015, respectively). Before 11+ 2 weeks of gestation and at thyroid peroxidase antibodies levels ≥ 117 IU/mL, in contrast to the G0 group, the G50 group experienced a decreased rate of spontaneous abortion (P = 0.008). The G50 group had significantly higher newborn weight than the G0 group (P = 0.014), as well as a notably longer newborn length than the G0 and G25 groups (P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: For pregnant women with high-normal thyroid stimulating hormone levels and thyroid peroxidase antibodies positive during the first half of pregnancy, supplementation with 50 µg levothyroxine was more effective in improving their blood lipid status and gastrointestinal symptoms, reducing the incidence of SIBO and premature rupture of membranes, and before 11+2 weeks, TPOAb ≥ 117 IU/mL proved more beneficial in mitigating the risk of spontaneous abortion.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Tiroxina , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Tiroxina/uso terapêutico , Gestantes , Iodeto Peroxidase , Autoanticorpos , Tireotropina
19.
J Bone Miner Res ; 39(1): 50-58, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630877

RESUMO

Overt and subclinical hyperthyroidism are associated with an increased fracture risk, but whether thyroid hormones are associated with fracture risk in individuals with normal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) has mostly been investigated in women. Therefore, we investigated if serum levels of free thyroxine (FT4) or TSH are associated with fracture risk in Swedish men. We followed (median 12.2 yr) elderly men (n = 1825; mean age 75, range 69-81 yr) participating in the Gothenburg and Malmö subcohorts of the prospective, population-based MrOS-Sweden study. The statistical analyses included Cox proportional hazards regression. Men receiving levothyroxine treatment were excluded. In our total cohort, serum FT4 (per SD increase) was associated with increased risk of major osteoporotic fractures (MOFs; n = 479; fully adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.14, 95% CI, 1.05-1.24) and hip fractures (n = 207; HR 1.18, 95% CI, 1.04-1.33). Also, in men with normal TSH (n = 1658), FT4 (per SD increase) was significantly associated with increased risk of MOF and hip fractures. Furthermore, men in the highest FT4 quartile had a 1.5-fold increase in hip fracture risk compared with men in the three lower FT4 quartiles, both in the total population and in men with normal TSH (fully adjusted: HR 1.45, 95% CI, 1.04-2.02 and HR 1.51, 95% CI, 1.07-2.12, respectively). In contrast, the risk of MOF was not statistically different in the highest FT4 quartile compared with the three lower FT4 quartiles. Finally, serum TSH was not associated with fracture risk after full adjustment for covariates. In conclusion, serum FT4, but not serum TSH, is a predictor of hip fracture risk in elderly Swedish men. Additionally, there was an association between FT4 (per SD increase) and the risk of MOF.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Tiroxina , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Estudos Prospectivos , Testes de Função Tireóidea , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Tireotropina , Fatores de Risco
20.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1329083, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567302

RESUMO

Introduction: About 10% of all rodent species have evolved a subterranean way of life, although life in subterranean burrows is associated with harsh environmental conditions that would be lethal to most animals living above ground. Two key adaptations for survival in subterranean habitats are low resting metabolic rate (RMR) and core body temperature (Tb). However, the upstream regulation of these traits was unknown thus far. Previously, we have reported exceptionally low concentrations of the thyroid hormone (TH) thyroxine (T4), and peculiarities in TH regulating mechanisms in two African mole-rat species, the naked mole-rat and the Ansell's mole-rat. Methods: In the present study, we treated Ansell's mole-rats with T4 for four weeks and analyzed treatment effects on the tissue and whole organism level with focus on metabolism and thermoregulation. Results: We found RMR to be upregulated by T4 treatment but not to the extent that was expected based on serum T4 concentrations. Our data point towards an extraordinary capability of Ansell's mole-rats to effectively downregulate TH signaling at tissue level despite very high serum TH concentrations, which most likely explains the observed effects on RMR. On the other hand, body weight was decreased in T4-treated animals and Tb was upregulated by T4 treatment. Moreover, we found indications of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis potentially influencing the treatment effects. Conclusion: Taken together, we provide the first experimental evidence that the low serum T4 concentrations of Ansell's mole-rats serve as an upstream regulator of low RMR and Tb. Thus, our study contributes to a better understanding of the ecophysiological evolution of the subterranean lifestyle in African mole-rats.


Assuntos
Ratos-Toupeira , Tiroxina , Animais , Ratos-Toupeira/metabolismo , Regulação da Temperatura Corporal
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