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1.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 70(6): 37-41, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38836685

RESUMO

This work compared the effects of dural puncture epidural (DPE), combined spinal epidural analgesia (CSEA) and epidural analgesia (EA) on labor analgesia for primiparae and their impacts on maternal and infant safety. A total of 204 primiparae in need of labor analgesia for vaginal delivery were allocated to DPE, CSEA and EA groups. At 10 min, 30 min and 1 h after analgesia, the DPE and CSEA groups showed lower VAS scores and quicker onset of action than EA group. There was no significant difference in the duration of analgesia and labor and fetal decelerations among the 3 groups. At 1 min and 5 min after childbirth, the neonatal Apgar scores showed no significant difference between the 3 groups. The Bromage scores of DPE and EA groups were lower than those of CSEA group. The incidence of pruritus, hypotension, and postpartum headache in DPE and EA groups were lower than those in CSEA group. To sum up, the efficacy of DPE in labor analgesia for primiparae is similar to that of CSEA, with no obvious effect on labor stage and neonatal Apgar score, no additional complications and less LLMB, pruritus, hypotension and postpartum headache.


Assuntos
Analgesia Epidural , Analgesia Obstétrica , Índice de Apgar , Trabalho de Parto , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Analgesia Epidural/métodos , Analgesia Epidural/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Trabalho de Parto/efeitos dos fármacos , Analgesia Obstétrica/métodos , Analgesia Obstétrica/efeitos adversos , Recém-Nascido , Paridade , Adulto Jovem
2.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 403, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The practice of intrapartum use of oxytocin for induction and augmentation of labour is increasing worldwide with documented wide variations in clinical use, especially dose administrations. There is also evidence of intrapartum use by unauthorized cadre of staff. AIM: This study assessed the patterns - frequency of intrapartum use of oxytocin, the doses and routes of administration for induction and augmentation of labour, and identified the predictors of oxytocin use for induction and augmentation of labour by healthcare providers in Nigeria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among healthcare providers - doctors, nurses/midwives and community health workers (CHWs) in public and private healthcare facilities across the country's six geopolitical zones. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 6,299 eligible healthcare providers who use oxytocin for pregnant women during labour and delivery. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect relevant data and analysed using STATA 17 statistical software. Summary and inferential statistics were done and further analyses using multivariable regression models were performed to ascertain independent predictor variables of correct patterns of intrapartum oxytocin usage. The p-value was set at < 0.05. RESULTS: Of the 6299 respondents who participated in the study, 1179 (18.7%), 3362 (53.4%), and 1758 (27.9%) were doctors, nurses/midwives and CHWs, respectively. Among the respondents, 4200 (66.7%) use oxytocin for augmentation of labour while 3314 (52.6%) use it for induction of labour. Of the 1758 CHWs, 37.8% and 49% use oxytocin for induction and augmentation of labour, respectively. About 10% of the respondents who use oxytocin for the induction or augmentation of labour incorrectly use the intramuscular route of administration and about 8% incorrectly use intravenous push. Being a doctor, and a healthcare provider from government health facilities were independent positive predictors of the administration of correct dose oxytocin for induction and augmentation of labour. The CHWs were most likely to use the wrong route and dose administration of oxytocin for the induction and augmentation of labour. CONCLUSION: Our study unveiled a concerning clinical practice of intrapartum oxytocin use by healthcare providers in Nigeria - prevalence of intrapartum use of oxytocin, inappropriate routes of administration for induction and augmentation of labour, varied and inappropriately high start dose of administration including unauthorized and high intrapartum use of oxytocin among CHWs.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , Trabalho de Parto Induzido , Ocitócicos , Ocitocina , Humanos , Ocitocina/administração & dosagem , Nigéria , Feminino , Gravidez , Estudos Transversais , Trabalho de Parto Induzido/métodos , Trabalho de Parto Induzido/estatística & dados numéricos , Ocitócicos/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Trabalho de Parto , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
3.
BMJ Open Qual ; 13(2)2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to codesign, implement, evaluate acceptability and refine an optimised antenatal education session to improve birth preparedness. DESIGN: There were four distinct phases: codesign (focus groups and codesign workshops with parents and staff); implementation of intervention; evaluation (interviews, questionnaires, structured feedback forms) and systematic refinement. SETTING: The study was set in a single maternity unit with approximately 5500 births annually. PARTICIPANTS: Postnatal and antenatal women/birthing people and birth partners were invited to participate in the intervention, and midwives were invited to deliver it. Both groups participated in feedback. OUTCOME MEASURES: We report on whether the optimised session is deliverable, acceptable, meets the needs of women/birthing people and partners, and explain how the intervention was refined with input from parents, clinicians and researchers. RESULTS: The codesign was undertaken by 35 women, partners and clinicians. Five midwives were trained and delivered 19 antenatal education (ACE) sessions to 142 women and 94 partners. 121 women and 33 birth partners completed the feedback questionnaire. Women/birthing people (79%) and birth partners (82%) felt more prepared after the class with most participants finding the content very helpful or helpful. Women/birthing people perceived classes were more useful and engaging than their partners. Interviews with 21 parents, a midwife focus group and a structured feedback form resulted in 38 recommended changes: 22 by parents, 5 by midwives and 11 by both. Suggested changes have been incorporated in the training resources to achieve an optimised intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Engaging stakeholders (women and staff) in codesigning an evidence-informed curriculum resulted in an antenatal class designed to improve preparedness for birth, including assisted birth, that is acceptable to women and their birthing partners, and has been refined to address feedback and is deliverable within National Health Service resource constraints. A nationally mandated antenatal education curriculum is needed to ensure parents receive high-quality antenatal education that targets birth preparedness.


Assuntos
Grupos Focais , Educação Pré-Natal , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Grupos Focais/métodos , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Educação Pré-Natal/métodos , Educação Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Cuidado Pré-Natal/normas , Trabalho de Parto
4.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303072, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722999

RESUMO

Qualitative research about women and birthing people's experiences of fetal monitoring during labour and birth is scant. Labour and birth is often impacted by wearable or invasive monitoring devices, however, most published research about fetal monitoring is focused on the wellbeing of the fetus. This manuscript is derived from a larger mixed methods study, 'WOmen's Experiences of Monitoring Baby (The WOMB Study)', aiming to increase understanding of the experiences of women and birthing people in Australia, of being monitored; and about the information they received about fetal monitoring devices during pregnancy. We constructed a national cross-sectional survey that was distributed via social media in May and June, 2022. Responses were received from 861 participants. As far as we are aware, this is the first survey of the experiences of women and birthing people of intrapartum fetal monitoring conducted in Australia. This paper comprises the analysis of the free text survey responses, using qualitative and inductive content analysis. Two categories were constructed, Tending to the machine, which explores participants' perceptions of the way in which clinicians interacted with fetal monitoring technologies; and Impressions of the machine, which explores the direct impact of fetal monitoring devices upon the labour and birth experience of women and birthing people. The findings suggest that some clinicians need to reflect upon the information they provide to women and birthing people about monitoring. For example, freedom of movement is an important aspect of supporting the physiology of labour and managing pain. If freedom of movement is important, the physical restriction created by a wired cardiotocograph is inappropriate. Many participants noticed that clinicians focused their attention primarily on the technology. Prioritising the individual needs of the woman or birthing person is key to providing high quality woman-centred intrapartum care. Women should be provided with adequate information regarding the risks and benefits of different forms of fetal monitoring including how the form of monitoring might impact her labour experience.


Assuntos
Monitorização Fetal , Trabalho de Parto , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Austrália , Monitorização Fetal/métodos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Parto , Adulto Jovem
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765505

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate whether the continuous support provided by doulas influences the endogenous release of serotonin in parturients. Methods: This pilot study included 24 primigravidae at term. Of these, 12 women received continuous doula support (Experimental Group), whereas the other 12 received the usual assistance without doula support (Control Group). Blood samples were collected from all the women at the active and expulsion stages of labor and at the fourth period of labor (Greenberg period) for evaluation of their serotonin levels using high-performance liquid chromatography. Results: The average serotonin concentrations in the control and experimental groups were respectively 159.33 and 150.02 ng/mL at the active stage, 179.13 and 162.65 ng/mL at the expulsion stage, and 198.94 and 221.21 ng/mL at the Greenberg period. There were no statistically significant differences in serotonin concentrations between the two groups at the active and expulsion stages of labor. By contrast, within the experimental group, a significant increase in serotonin concentration was observed in the Greenberg period compared with the levels in the active and expulsion stages (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The novelty of this study relies on the ability to correlate the influence of the continuous support offered by doulas with the release of serotonin in parturients, with the results suggesting that the assistance received during labor can modulate the levels of hormone release in the Greenberg period. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: RBR-4zjjm4h.


Assuntos
Serotonina , Humanos , Feminino , Projetos Piloto , Serotonina/sangue , Gravidez , Adulto , Doulas , Adulto Jovem , Trabalho de Parto
7.
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther ; 56(1): 17-27, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741440

RESUMO

The physiological transformations accompanying pregnancy, compounded by the implications of obesity, pose intricate challenges for anaesthesiologists attending to obese parturients. Obesity makes it harder to successfully provide epidural analgesia to a parturient. This narrative review explains the most recent data on the safety and complications of providing labour epidural analgesia in obese expectant mothers. We have emphasised the evidence-based approaches that are the most effective for obese pregnant mothers receiving labour epidural analgesia.


Assuntos
Analgesia Epidural , Analgesia Obstétrica , Obesidade , Humanos , Gravidez , Feminino , Analgesia Epidural/métodos , Analgesia Epidural/efeitos adversos , Analgesia Obstétrica/métodos , Obesidade/complicações , Trabalho de Parto , Complicações na Gravidez
8.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 370, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750412

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To ascertain and explore the views of women and their partners, giving birth in the Czech Republic, of the level of respectful or disrespectful care provided during pregnancy and early labour. DESIGN: Ethical approval was granted for a descriptive, online anonymous survey of 65 questions, with quantitative and qualitative responses. SETTING: The Czech Republic.The survey was completed by 8,767 women and 69 partners in 2018. MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were used to present results. The majority of women were aged 26-35 years. Most had birthed in one of 93 hospitals, with 1.5% home births. Almost 40% never had an abdominal examination.in pregnancy. Quantitative data analysis revealed that less than half were given information on place of birth, or how to keep labour normal or non-interventionist. Almost 60% did not get information on positions for birth. Most (68%) commenced labour naturally, 25% had labour induced, 40% of them before term, and 7% had an elective caesarean section; 55% stated they had not been given any choice in the decision. Over half of those who had a membrane sweep said permission had not been sought. Half (54%) only had 'checking' visits from the midwife in labour. KEY CONCLUSIONS: Findings reveal a lack of information-giving, discussion and shared decision-making from healthcare professionals during pregnancy and early labour. Some practices were non-evidenced-based, and interventions were sometimes made without consent. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The examples of disrespectful care described in this study caused women distress during childbirth, which may result in an increased fear of childbirth or an increase in free-birthing.


Assuntos
Respeito , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , República Tcheca , Inquéritos e Questionários , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Gestantes/psicologia , Parto Obstétrico/psicologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
9.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 341, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702618

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Epidural analgesia has been associated with intrapartum maternal fever development. Epidural-related maternal fever (ERMF) is believed to be based on a non-infectious inflammatory reaction. Circulating cell-free mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) is one of the possible triggers of sterile inflammatory processes; however, a connection has not been investigated so far. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate cell-free mtDNA alterations in women in labour with ERMF in comparison with non-febrile women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 60 women in labour were assessed for maternal temperature every 4 h and blood samples were obtained at the beginning and after delivery. Depending on the analgesia and the development of fever (axillary temperature ≥ 37.5 °C), the women were allocated either to the group of no epidural analgesia (n = 17), to epidural analgesia no fever (n = 34) or to ERMF (n = 9). Circulating cell-free mtDNA was analysed in the maternal plasma for the primary outcome whereas secondary outcomes include the evaluation of inflammatory cytokine release, as well as placental inflammatory signs. RESULTS: Of the women with epidural analgesia, 20% (n = 9) developed ERMF and demonstrated a decrease of circulating mtDNA levels during labour (p = 0.04), but a trend towards higher free nuclear DNA. Furthermore, women with maternal pyrexia showed a 1.5 fold increased level of Interleukin-6 during labour. A correlation was found between premature rupture of membranes and ERMF. CONCLUSIONS: The pilot trial revealed an evident obstetric anaesthesia phenomenon of maternal fever due to epidural analgesia in 20% of women in labour, demonstrating counterregulated free mtDNA and nDNA. Further work is urgently required to understand the connections between the ERMF occurrence and circulating cell-free mtDNA as a potential source of sterile inflammation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT0405223 on clinicaltrials.gov (registered on 25/07/2019).


Assuntos
Analgesia Epidural , DNA Mitocondrial , Febre , Humanos , Feminino , DNA Mitocondrial/sangue , Projetos Piloto , Gravidez , Adulto , Febre/sangue , Analgesia Obstétrica , Trabalho de Parto/sangue , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/sangue
10.
Cad Saude Publica ; 40(4): e00036223, 2024.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695459

RESUMO

Brazil has made advances in obstetric care in public and private hospitals; however, weaknesses in this system still require attention. The Brazilian Ministry of Health, aware of this need, funded the second version of the Birth in Brazil survey. This study aimed to evaluate: prenatal, labor and birth, postpartum, and abortion care, comparing the results with those of Birth in Brazil I; and analyze the main determinants of perinatal morbidity and mortality; evaluate the care structure and processes of obstetrics and neonatology services in maternity hospitals; analyze the knowledge, practices, and attitudes of health professionals who provide birth and abortion care; and identify the main barriers and facilitators related to care of this nature in Brazil. With a national scope and a 2-stage probability sample: 1-hospitals and 2-women, stratified into 59 strata, 465 hospitals were selected with a total planned sample of around 24,255 women - 2,205 for abortion reasons and 22,050 for labor reasons. Data collection was conducted using six electronic instruments during hospital admission for labor or abortion, with two follow-up waves, at two and four months. In order to expand the number of cases of severe maternal morbidity, maternal and perinatal mortality, three case control studies were incorporated into Birth in Brazil II. The fieldwork began in November 2021 and is scheduled to end in 2023. It will allow a comparison between current labor and birth care results and those obtained in the first study and will evaluate the advances achieved in 10 years.


Com o passar do tempo, o Brasil vem apresentando avanços na assistência obstétrica em hospitais públicos e privados; no entanto, ainda existem pontos frágeis que necessitam de atenção. O Ministério da Saúde, ciente dessa necessidade, financiou a segunda versão da pesquisa Nascer no Brasil. Os objetivos gerais são: avaliar a assistência pré-natal, ao parto e nascimento, ao puerpério e ao aborto, comparando com os resultados do Nascer no Brasil I, e analisar os principais determinantes da morbimortalidade perinatal; avaliar a estrutura e processos assistenciais dos serviços de obstetrícia e neonatologia das maternidades; analisar os conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas de profissionais de saúde que prestam assistência ao parto e ao aborto; e identificar as principais barreiras e facilitadores para essa assistência no país. Com escopo nacional e amostra probabilística em dois estágios (1-hospitais e 2-mulheres), dividida em 59 estratos, foram selecionados 465 hospitais com total planejado de, aproximadamente, 24.255 mulheres, 2.205 por motivo de aborto e 22.050 por motivo de parto. A coleta de dados, realizada por meio de seis instrumentos eletrônicos, ocorre durante a internação hospitalar para o parto ou aborto, com duas ondas de seguimento, aos dois e quatro meses. Com o intuito de expandir o número de casos de morbidade materna grave, mortalidade materna e perinatal, três estudos caso controle foram incorporados ao Nascer no Brasil II. O trabalho de campo foi iniciado em novembro de 2021 com término previsto para 2023. Os resultados permitirão comparar a atenção atual ao parto e ao nascimento com a retratada no primeiro inquérito e, com isso, avaliar os avanços alcançados no decorrer desses 10 anos.


Aunque Brasil ha presentado avances en la atención obstétrica en hospitales públicos y privados, todavía hay puntos débiles que necesitan atención. El Ministerio de Salud, consciente de esta necesidad, financió la segunda versión de la encuesta Nacer en Brasil. Los objetivos generales son: evaluar la atención prenatal, el parto y el nacimiento, el puerperio y el aborto, comparando con los resultados del Nacer en Brasil I, y analizar los principales determinantes de la morbimortalidad perinatal; evaluar la estructura y los procesos de atención de los servicios de obstetricia y neonatología en las maternidades; analizar los conocimientos, prácticas y actitudes de los profesionales de la salud que brindan atención para el parto y el aborto; e identificar las principales barreras y facilitadores para esta atención en el país. Tiene un alcance nacional y muestra probabilística en dos etapas (1-hospitales y 2-mujeres), la cual se dividió en 59 estratos; y se seleccionaron 465 hospitales con un total planificado de aproximadamente 24.255 mujeres, de las cuales 2.205 tuvieron procedimientos por aborto y 22.050 por parto. Para la recolección de datos se aplicó seis instrumentos electrónicos, que se realizó durante la hospitalización por parto o aborto, con dos rondas de seguimiento, a los dos y cuatro meses. Con el fin de ampliar el número de casos de morbilidad materna grave, mortalidad materna y perinatal, se incorporaron tres estudios de casos y controles en Nacer en Brasil II. El trabajo de campo comenzó en noviembre de 2021 y finalizará en 2023. Los resultados nos permitirán evaluar la atención al parto y al nacimiento actual con lo que se retrató en la primera encuesta, de esta manera se podrá evaluar los avances alcanzados a lo largo de estos 10 años.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Humanos , Feminino , Brasil/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Aborto Induzido/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Parto , Adulto Jovem , Serviços de Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho de Parto
11.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 400, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Childbirth is a long-lasting physiological stress. As one of the main stressors, labor pain exists throughout the whole process. Childbirth self-efficacy is the confidence, or belief that they can manage pain during childbirth. This sense of self-efficacy determines how pregnant women deal with labor pain and enables them to regulate their behavior and actively deal with childbirth. However, the difference in pain sensitivity between single births (primiparas) and multiple births (multiparas) has rarely been investigated. OBJECTIVES: This study is aimed at investigating self-efficacy, fear of childbirth, labor pain of primiparas and multiparas and exploring factors related to the perceived labor pain intensity of pregnant women. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING(S): Labour and delivery in a large academic specialized hospital in Guangzhou, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 347 women, (182 primiparas and 165 multiparas) were enrolled in the data analysis. Pain was assessed before cervical dilatation (cervical dilatation ≤ 3 cm for the first delivery and ≤ 2 cm for the second delivery). METHOD: The general information of participants was obtained by questionnaire and obstetrical records of the subjects were obtained from the electronic medical records extracted from the electronic medical record system (EMRS). Childbirth self-efficacy, fear of childbirth (FOC) and labor pain were compared between primiparas and multiparas. Paired t-test, chi-square test, Mann-Whitney test, univariate and multivariate regression analysis were used to analyze labor pain between the two groups and investigate factors related perceived labor pain intensity. RESULTS: The total scores related to fear of childbirth, fetal health, self-control, and labor pain injury of multiparas were notably reduced compared with primiparas (all P < 0.05). The perceived labor pain intensity and duration of the first stage of labor was reduced in the multipara group compared with the primipara group. The childbirth control sense of the multipara was better than that of the primipara. The perceived labor pain intensity was negatively correlated with advanced age (age ≥ 35 years), self-efficacy score, family support, and education (all P < 0.05). In contrast, the perceived labor pain intensity was positively correlated with tension, severe fear of childbirth, and anxiety (P < 0.05). Self-efficacy, gravidity, delivery cognition, and fear of childbirth were independent risk factors for the perceived labor pain intensity in the latent period (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Fear of childbirth is a predictor of perceived labor pain intensity. The extent of labor pain (minimum and maximum) can be predicted by the level of fear the expectant mother has. During the latent phase of labor, self-efficacy, fear of childbirth and labor pain are different between primiparas and multiparas.


Assuntos
Medo , Dor do Parto , Paridade , Parto , Autoeficácia , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Estudos Transversais , Dor do Parto/psicologia , Adulto , Medo/psicologia , Parto/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , China , Medição da Dor , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem , Parto Obstétrico/psicologia
12.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 397, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38816819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since 2018, WHO recommends oral fluid and food intake for low-risk women during labor to enhance positive childbirth experience and respect for women's preferences. This study investigated the current practices related to intrapartum oral intake among maternity care providers and women in public health facilities in Greater Accra, Ghana, and explored barriers and opportunities for adherence to the WHO guidance. METHODS: We used a mixed-method design at five public health facilities in Greater Accra, Ghana, which included structured interviews with 11 facility-level quality improvement staff and 12 maternity care providers; a knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey with the same providers; and a client survey with 56 inpatient postpartum women. We conducted descriptive and inferential statistics, including z-tests to assess independent and dependent variables, and inductive thematic analyses. RESULTS: Provider adherence to the WHO recommendation varied, with many imposing restrictions on oral intake during labor. Concerns included potential complications like Mendelson's syndrome, consequently framing oral intake decisions as clinical and leading providers to limit women's involvement in their care decisions. Within our sample, 54% and 43% women reported their provider counseled them on oral fluid and food intake respectively, while 41% and 34% reported their provider asked them their preference for drinking and eating respectively. Ultimately, 73% drank fluids and 19% ate food during their labor. Counseling significantly correlated with women's intake practices (p < 0.01) and providers' inquiry to women's preferences for drinking and eating (p < 0.001) during labor. CONCLUSION: Adherence to evidence-based practices for intrapartum oral intake among low-risk women was inconsistence. Maternity care providers play a vital role in involving women in their care decisions and respecting women's preferences. Strengthening national-level labor care guidelines and provider quality improvement approaches like in-service training, supportive supervision, and job aides to include the WHO recommendation will help providers adhere to the guidance and contribute to promoting a positive childbirth experience for women.


Assuntos
Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Trabalho de Parto , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Humanos , Feminino , Gana , Estudos Transversais , Gravidez , Adulto , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Ingestão de Líquidos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Ingestão de Alimentos
13.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1379693, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38808114

RESUMO

Background: Increased maternal cortisol secretion has been observed during pregnancy and labor. However, due to the limitations in diagnostic methods, the dynamic change of cortisol during the short period between threatened labor and labor is unknown. In this study, we aim to evaluate the changes in serum cortisol during late pregnancy and full-term labor initiation, verifying if cortisol could serve as a biomarker for the diagnosis of labor initiation from threatened labor. Methods: This cross-sectional onsite study involved 564 participants of 6 different gestational stages (C: Control; T1: Trimester 1; T3: Trimester 3; E: expectant; TL: threatened labor; L: labor), all patients in the E, TL, and L groups were at full term. The serum cortisol concentration was quantified with a point-of-care test (POCT), and the gestation, age, parity, and BMI of participants were documented. Morning serum cortisol was collected between 8:00 and 10:00 a.m., except for the TL and L group women who were tested upon arrival or during latent labor. With cortisol levels or all five variables, L was distinguished from TL using machine learning algorithms. Results: Significant elevation of cortisol concentration was observed between T1 and T3, or TL and L group (P< 0.001). Women belonging to the E and TL group showed similar gestation week and cortisol levels. Diagnosis of labor initiation using cortisol levels (cutoff = 21.46 µg/dL) yielded sensitivity, specificity, and AUC of 86.50%, 88.60%, and 0.934. With additional variables, a higher specificity (89.29%) was achieved. The diagnostic accuracy of all methods ranged from 85.93% to 87.90%. Conclusion: Serum cortisol could serve as a potential biomarker for diagnosis of L form TL. The rapid onsite detection of serum cortisol with POCT could facilitate medical decision-making for admission and special treatments, either as an additional parameter or when other technical platforms are not available.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Hidrocortisona , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Estudos Transversais , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Trabalho de Parto/sangue , Início do Trabalho de Parto/sangue , Adulto Jovem , Idade Gestacional
14.
BMJ ; 385: e077190, 2024 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38777357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of labour epidural on severe maternal morbidity (SMM) and to explore whether this effect might be greater in women with a medical indication for epidural analgesia during labour, or with preterm labour. DESIGN: Population based study. SETTING: All NHS hospitals in Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: 567 216 women in labour at 24+0 to 42+6 weeks' gestation between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2019, delivering vaginally or through unplanned caesarean section. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was SMM, defined as the presence of ≥1 of 21 conditions used by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as criteria for SMM, or a critical care admission, with either occurring at any point from date of delivery to 42 days post partum (described as SMM). Secondary outcomes included a composite of ≥1 of the 21 CDC conditions and critical care admission (SMM plus critical care admission), and respiratory morbidity. RESULTS: Of the 567 216 women, 125 024 (22.0%) had epidural analgesia during labour. SMM occurred in 2412 women (4.3 per 1000 births, 95% confidence interval (CI) 4.1 to 4.4). Epidural analgesia was associated with a reduction in SMM (adjusted relative risk 0.65, 95% CI 0.50 to 0.85), SMM plus critical care admission (0.46, 0.29 to 0.73), and respiratory morbidity (0.42, 0.16 to 1.15), although the last of these was underpowered and had wide confidence intervals. Greater risk reductions in SMM were detected among women with a medical indication for epidural analgesia (0.50, 0.34 to 0.72) compared with those with no such indication (0.67, 0.43 to 1.03; P<0.001 for difference). More marked reductions in SMM were seen in women delivering preterm (0.53, 0.37 to 0.76) compared with those delivering at term or post term (1.09, 0.98 to 1.21; P<0.001 for difference). The observed reduced risk of SMM with epidural analgesia was increasingly noticeable as gestational age at birth decreased in the whole cohort, and in women with a medical indication for epidural analgesia. CONCLUSION: Epidural analgesia during labour was associated with a 35% reduction in SMM, and showed a more pronounced effect in women with medical indications for epidural analgesia and with preterm births. Expanding access to epidural analgesia for all women during labour, and particularly for those at greatest risk, could improve maternal health.


Assuntos
Analgesia Epidural , Analgesia Obstétrica , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Analgesia Epidural/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Escócia/epidemiologia , Analgesia Obstétrica/métodos , Trabalho de Parto , Adulto Jovem , Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/epidemiologia
15.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 34(4): 440-444, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576287

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of successful trials of vaginal birth after Caesarean section (VBAC) using the Flamm and Geiger model. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. Place and Duration of the Study: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Unit II of Dr. Ruth K.M. Pfau Civil Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, from August 2022 to January 2023. METHODOLOGY: Women with singleton pregnancy having cephalic presentation, previous one lower segment caesarean section (LSCS), and without any contraindication for vaginal delivery were included. Women bearing foetus having estimated weight >3.5kg, morbid obesity, multiple pregnancies, non-cephalic presentation, placenta praevia, abruptio placentae, uncontrolled maternal comorbidities, or had previous two or more Caesarean sections were excluded. Flamm and Geiger score was applied to record observations of successful and unsuccessful trials. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of the score were calculated by ROC curve, along with its area under the curve (AUC) and Youden's index curve, with 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: This study included 258 participants. Successful vaginal delivery was possible in 125 (48.4%) participants, whereas 133 (51.6%) underwent emergency Caesarean section. Cervical dilatation and effacement were the main factors assessing the success. The Flamm and Geiger score of >5 had an area under the curve of 0.813 (0.762-0.864). The score's sensitivity was 75% (67-82%), specificity 76% (68-82%), and PPV of 75% with an accuracy of 76%. CONCLUSION: The Flamm and Geiger score of >5 demonstrated high sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and accuracy in predicting later successful vaginal birth. It is recommended as a promising and valuable tool for assessing VBAC's success in low-resource countries. KEY WORDS: Vaginal birth after caesarean, Flamm and Geiger Model, Indication of caesarean, trial of labour after caesarean, VBAC risk scoring criteria.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto , Nascimento Vaginal Após Cesárea , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Cesárea , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Parto Obstétrico
16.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 290, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women's childbirth experiences provide a unique understanding of care received in health facilities from their voices as they describe their needs, what they consider good and what should be changed. Quality Improvement interventions in healthcare are often designed without inputs from women as end-users, leading to a lack of consideration for their needs and expectations. Recently, quality improvement interventions that incorporate women's childbirth experiences are thought to result in healthcare services that are more responsive and grounded in the end-user's needs. AIM: This study aimed to explore women's childbirth experiences to inform a co-designed quality improvement intervention in Southern Tanzania. METHODS: This exploratory qualitative study used semi-structured interviews with women after childbirth (n = 25) in two hospitals in Southern Tanzania. Reflexive thematic analysis was applied using the World Health Organization's Quality of Care framework on experiences of care domains. RESULTS: Three themes emerged from the data: (1) Women's experiences of communication with providers varied (2) Respect and dignity during intrapartum care is not guaranteed; (3) Women had varying experience of support during labour. Verbal mistreatment and threatening language for adverse birthing outcomes were common. Women appreciated physical or emotional support through human interaction. Some women would have wished for more support, but most accepted the current practices as they were. CONCLUSION: The experiences of care described by women during childbirth varied from one woman to the other. Expectations towards empathic care seemed low, and the little interaction women had during labour and birth was therefore often appreciated and mistreatment normalized. Potential co-designed interventions should include strategies to (i) empower women to voice their needs during childbirth and (ii) support healthcare providers to have competencies to be more responsive to women's needs.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Tanzânia , Parto Obstétrico/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Hospitais , Parto/psicologia
17.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 291, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current guidelines regarding oxytocin stimulation are not tailored to individuals as they are based on randomised controlled trials. The objective of the study was to develop an artificial intelligence (AI) model for individual prediction of the risk of caesarean delivery (CD) in women with a cervical dilatation of 6 cm after oxytocin stimulation for induced labour. The model included not only variables known when labour induction was initiated but also variables describing the course of the labour induction. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from the CONDISOX randomised controlled trial of discontinued vs. continued oxytocin infusion in the active phase of induced labour. Extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) software was used to build the prediction model. To explain the impact of the predictors, we calculated Shapley additive explanation (SHAP) values and present a summary SHAP plot. A force plot was used to explain specifics about an individual's predictors that result in a change of the individual's risk output value from the population-based risk. RESULTS: Among 1060 included women, 160 (15.1%) were delivered by CD. The XGBoost model found women who delivered vaginally were more likely to be parous, taller, to have a lower estimated birth weight, and to be stimulated with a lower amount of oxytocin. In 108 women (10% of 1060) the model favoured either continuation or discontinuation of oxytocin. For the remaining 90% of the women, the model found that continuation or discontinuation of oxytocin stimulation affected the risk difference of CD by less than 5% points. CONCLUSION: In women undergoing labour induction, this AI model based on a secondary analysis of data from the CONDISOX trial may help predict the risk of CD and assist the mother and clinician in individual tailored management of oxytocin stimulation after reaching 6 cm of cervical dilation.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto , Ocitócicos , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Ocitocina , Inteligência Artificial , Trabalho de Parto Induzido
18.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 292, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mode of delivery in women with previous history of cesarean delivery (CD) is highly modifiable by the practices of the delivery unit. Vaginal birth after a cesarean (VBAC) delivery is a safe and preferred alternative in most cases. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of adopting a complex set of measures aimed at the mode of delivery in this group. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study comparing two birth cohorts before and after the implementation of a series of quality improvement (QI) interventions. The study cohorts comprised women with a history of cesarean delivery who gave birth in the period before (January 2013 - December 2015) and after (January 2018 - December 2020) the adoption of the QI measures. The measures were focused on singleton term cephalic pregnancies with a low transverse incision in the uterus. Measures included approval of all planned CDs by a senior obstetrician, re-training staff on the use of the FIGO classification for intrapartum fetal cardiotocogram, establishing VBAC management guidelines, encouraging epidural analgesia during trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC), establishing a labor ward team and introducing a monthly maternity audit. RESULTS: Term singleton cephalic pregnancies with previous history of CD accounted for 12.55% of all births in the pre-intervention period and 12.01% in the post-intervention period. The frequency of cesarean deliveries decreased from 89.94% in the pre-intervention period to 64.47% in the post-intervention period (p < 0.0001). We observed a significant increase in TOLAC from 13.18 to 42.12% (p<0.0001) and also an increase in successful VBAC from 76.27 to 84.35% (p < 0.0001). All changes occurred without statistically significant change in overall perinatal mortality. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the feasibility to safely increase trial of labor and vaginal birth after cesarean delivery by implementing a series of quality improvement interventions and clinical pathway changes.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto , Nascimento Vaginal Após Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Prova de Trabalho de Parto , Procedimentos Clínicos , Recesariana , Cesárea , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e080905, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626956

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Approximately 250 million children under 5 years of age are at risk of poor development in low-income and middle-income countries. However, existing early childhood development (ECD) interventions can be expensive, labour intensive and challenging to deliver at scale. Mass media may offer an alternative approach to ECD intervention. This protocol describes the planned economic evaluation of a cluster-randomised controlled trial of a radio campaign promoting responsive caregiving and opportunities for early learning during the first 3 years of life in rural Burkina Faso (SUNRISE trial). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The economic evaluation of the SUNRISE trial will be conducted as a within-trial analysis from the provider's perspective. Incremental costs and health outcomes of the radio campaign will be compared with standard broadcasting (ie, 'do nothing' comparator). All costs associated with creating and broadcasting the radio campaign during intervention start-up and implementation will be captured. The cost per child under 3 years old reached by the intervention will be calculated. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios will be calculated for the trial's primary outcome (ie, incremental cost per SD of cognitive gain). A cost-consequence analysis will also be presented, whereby all relevant costs and outcomes are tabulated. Finally, an analysis will be conducted to assess the equity impact of the intervention. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The SUNRISE trial has ethical approval from the ethics committees of the Ministry of Health, Burkina Faso, University College London and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The results of the economic evaluation will be disseminated in a peer-reviewed journal and presented at a relevant international conference. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: The SUNRISE trial was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov on 19 April 2019 (identifier: NCT05335395).


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Trabalho de Parto , Criança , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Análise Custo-Benefício , Burkina Faso , Higiene , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
20.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0297847, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38635533

RESUMO

The uterine muscular layer, or myometrium, undergoes profound changes in global gene expression during its progression from a quiescent state during pregnancy to a contractile state at the onset of labor. In this study, we investigate the role of SOX family transcription factors in myometrial cells and provide evidence for the role of SOX4 in regulating labor-associated genes. We show that Sox4 has elevated expression in the murine myometrium during a term laboring process and in two mouse models of preterm labor. Additionally, SOX4 differentially affects labor-associated gene promoter activity in cooperation with activator protein 1 (AP-1) dimers. SOX4 exerted no effect on the Gja1 promoter; a JUND-specific activation effect at the Fos promoter; a positive activation effect on the Mmp11 promoter with the AP-1 dimers; and surprisingly, we noted that the reporter expression of the Ptgs2 promoter in the presence of JUND and FOSL2 was repressed by the addition of SOX4. Our data indicate SOX4 may play a diverse role in regulating gene expression in the laboring myometrium in cooperation with AP-1 factors. This study enhances our current understanding of the regulatory network that governs the transcriptional changes associated with the onset of labor and highlights a new molecular player that may contribute to the labor transcriptional program.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto , Miométrio , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , Gravidez , Trabalho de Parto/genética , Trabalho de Parto/metabolismo , Miométrio/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/genética , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Útero/metabolismo
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