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2.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 34(3): 169, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800675

RESUMO

This issue of MPPA raises awareness once more of the highly specific needs of performing artists, and the specialised kind of support or assessment that will be required to optimally manage their health care needs. As reported in this issue, Kawano et al. concluded that highly expressive task-specific movements are often a normal part of the technical requirements for a dance routine, and analysing whether dancers are safe to perform these manoeuvres requires a highly trained eye and experience. Not only that, but their beliefs on how such movements affect their risk of injury may be influenced by perspectives within the dance culture (Hendry et al.). To be able to assess dancers and their injury risk requires health professionals to have substantial experience, as general health assessment measures are unlikely to be adequate to meet their highly complex performance demands (Clarke et al.). Similar experience is required in understanding the complex demands of the wide spectrum of musical performance, acting, and other artistic pursuits, including understanding strategies to help performing artists manage their workloads. Problems are highlighted with the impact of fatigue on circus (Decker et al.) and dance activities (Jarvis et al.), with work and training loads playing a role in affecting movement patterns and health status. Further research may clarify other factors contributing to fatigue in performing artists, as many issues such as travel, diet, and mood will contribute to feelings of fatigue.


Assuntos
Arte , Estilo de Vida , Trabalho , Assistência à Saúde , Saúde , Humanos
3.
Estud. Interdiscip. Psicol ; 10(3): 26-42, dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049791

RESUMO

O estudo objetivou verificar a ocorrência da Síndrome de Burnout nos Motoristas do Transporte da Saúde, analisando-se as consequências que esta pode trazer para a vida do profissional. A pesquisa é de abordagem quanti-qualitativa e de caráter descritivo. Aplicou-se o formulário do Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS) para identificação da síndrome e uma entrevista semiestruturada. Participaram da investigação 14 Motoristas da Saúde dos municípios que compõem a Agência de Desenvolvimento Regional de município do interior do estado de Santa Catarina. Para a análise dos dados relativos ao instrumento MBI-HSS, foram seguidas as normas apresentadas pelo instrumento e, para a análise dos dados da entrevista, foi utilizada a técnica de análise de conteúdo de Bardin (2009). Os resultados apontaram a manifestação da Síndrome de Burnout nessa categoria de trabalhadores (93% dos entrevistados). Conclui-se que a manifestação da síndrome neste público ocorre pela profissão ocasionar intenso estresse e exposição a fatores nocivos (AU).


The study aimed to verify the occurrence of Burnout Syndrome in Health Transport Drivers, analyzing its consequences to the life of the professional. The research is quantitative-qualitative and descriptive in nature. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS) form was applied to identify the syndrome and a semi-structured interview. The participants of the study were 14 Health Drivers from the municipalities that make up the Regional Development Agency of a municipality in the interior of the state of Santa Catarina. For the analysis of the MBI-HSS data, the standards presented in the instrument were followed and for data analysis of the interview, the technique of content analysis of Bardin (2009) was used. The results pointed to the manifestation of Burnout Syndrome in this category of workers (93% of respondents). We concluded that the manifestation of the syndrome in this public occurs because the profession causes intense stress and exposure to harmful factors (AU).


El estudio tuvo como objetivo verificar la ocurrencia del síndrome de Burnout en los conductores del transporte sanitario, analizando sus consecuencias para vida del profesional. La investigación es de naturaleza cuantitativa-cualitativa y descriptiva. Se aplicó el formulario Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS) para identificar el síndrome y una entrevista semiestructurada. En el estudio participaron 14 Promotores Sanitarios de los municipios que integran la Agencia de Desarrollo Regional de un municipio del interior del estado de Santa Catarina. Para el análisis de los datos de MBI-HSS, se siguieron los estándares presentados en el instrumento y para el análisis de datos de la entrevista, se utilizó la técnica de análisis de contenido de Bardin (2009). Los resultados apuntan la manifestación del Síndrome de Burnout en esta categoría de trabajadores (93% de los encuestados). Concluimos que la manifestación del síndrome en este público ocurre porque la profesión causa estrés intenso y exposición a factores dañinos (AU).


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Doenças Profissionais , Trabalho/psicologia
4.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1489, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the main targets for reducing workplace sedentary behavior have been clarified, only a few studies have examined the association between social-ecological factors and workplace sedentary behavior for effective intervention. The present study aimed to examine the social-ecological factors of workplace sedentary behavior among Japanese sedentary workers. METHODS: Participants were recruited via a cross-sectional mail survey targeting randomly sampled 6000 middle-aged people dwelling in Matsuyama-city and Koto-ku in Japan. Participants answered a questionnaire on social-ecological factors, recorded their work time in a diary, and wore a triaxial accelerometer during waking time for 7 consecutive days. Workplace sedentary behavior was measured using accelerometer and was referred to as the work time in the recorded diary. Full-time workers who had mainly sitting work and valid accelerometer data were included in the analysis. Workplace sedentary variables were sedentary breaks per sedentary hour, sedentary time, and ≥ 30 min bouts of sedentary time. The associations between each sedentary variable and social-ecological factors were explored by conducting three multiple linear regression analyses adjusting for sociodemographic and health-related factors. RESULTS: A total of 227 participants (133 men, mean age 49.9 ± 6.9 years) were included in the analysis. In the overall sample, "typically seeing work colleagues take sedentary breaks" was significantly associated with more sedentary breaks (B [95% confidence interval {CI}=1.40 [0.07 to 2.73]) and shorter ≥30-min bouts of sedentary time (B [95% CI] = -7.08 [-13.75 to -0.40]). "I am motivated to take sedentary breaks" had an unfavorable association with less sedentary breaks (B [95% CI] = -1.36 [-2.61 to -0.12]) and longer sedentary time (B [95% CI] = 4.15 [0.29 to 8.00]). In male workers, "Too stressed to take sedentary breaks" was significantly associated with less sedentary breaks (B [95% CI] = -5.6 [-9.17 to -2.02]). CONCLUSIONS: Seeing work colleagues take sedentary breaks may be important for reducing workplace sedentary behavior. Those who are more sedentary are motivated to take sedentary breaks. Male workers who feel the need to take sedentary breaks at work are more sedentary.


Assuntos
Acelerometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Postura Sentada , Meio Social , Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Comportamento Sedentário , Inquéritos e Questionários , Trabalho/fisiologia
5.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1515, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Educational inequalities in health have been widely reported. A low educational level is associated with more adverse working conditions. Working conditions, in turn, are associated with health and there is evidence that this association remains after work exit. Because many countries are raising the statutory retirement age, lower educated workers have to spend more years working under adverse conditions. Therefore, educational health inequalities may increase in the future. This study examined (1) whether there were educational differences over time in health after work exit and (2) whether work characteristics mediate these educational inequalities in health. METHODS: Data from five prospective cohort studies were used: The Netherlands (Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam), Denmark (Danish Longitudinal Study of Aging), England (English Longitudinal Study of Ageing), Germany (German Aging Study), and Finland (Finnish Longitudinal Study on Municipal Employees). In each dataset we used Generalized Estimating Equations to examine the relationship between education and self-rated health after work exit with a maximum follow-up of 15 years and possible mediation of work characteristics, including physical demands, psychosocial demands, autonomy, and variation in activities. RESULTS: The low educated reported significantly poorer health after work exit than the higher educated. Lower educated workers had a higher risk of high physical demands and a lower risk of high psychosocial demands, high variation in tasks, and high autonomy at work, compared to higher educated workers. These work characteristics were found to be mediators of the relationship between education and health after work exit, consistent across countries. CONCLUSION: Educational inequalities in health are still present after work exit. If workers are to spend an extended part of their lives at work due to an increase in the statutory retirement age, these health inequalities may increase. Improving working conditions will likely reduce these inequalities in health.


Assuntos
Escolaridade , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Aposentadoria , Trabalho , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dinamarca , Emprego , Inglaterra , Feminino , Finlândia , Alemanha , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Ocupações , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
6.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1339, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between spontaneous abortion (SA) and occupational characteristics among working women is not well-studied. This study aimed to assess the risk of SA and occupational factors such as occupational classification, working hours, and work schedules among working Korean women aged > 19 years. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 4078 working women were identified from among 25,534 workers in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys V (2010-2012) database, to obtain data on SA history and the number of SAs. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for SA were calculated using multiple logistic regression models after adjusting for age, education, household income, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity status. The weighted prevalence for the number of SAs was calculated according to occupational characteristics to demonstrate the SA status among working Korean women. RESULTS: SA occurrence was reported in 5.7% of the study participants. The ORs (95% CIs) for SA were significantly higher in pink-, green-, and blue-collared workers than in white-collared workers. Regarding weekly working hours, compared with ≤50 h spent working, the ORs (95% CIs) for 51-60, 61-70, and > 70 h per week were 1.26 (0.87-1.84), 1.63 (1.04-2.56), and 1.73 (1.10-2.70), respectively. A significantly higher weighted prevalence of repeat SAs was observed in pink- and green-collared workers and in those who worked long hours. CONCLUSION: We found a significant association between SA, repeat SA, and occupational characteristics among working Korean women.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Gravidez , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
7.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22Suppl 02(Suppl 02): E190013.SUPL.2, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596384

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze social inequalities in the prevalence of indicators of active aging in the Brazilian older adult population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with a sample of 11,177 older adults who participated in the Brazilian National Health Survey in 2013. We estimated the prevalence of five domains of active aging (social activities, civic engagement, leisure-time physical activity, paid work, and volunteer work) according to gender, ethnicity, schooling, income, and private health insurance. Prevalence ratios and confidence intervals were calculated using Poisson regression. RESULTS: The percentage of involvement in organized social activities, civic engagement, and physical activity was 25.1, 12.4, and 13.1%, respectively. Regarding work, 20.7% of the sample had a paid job, and 9.7% participated in volunteer work. Women had a higher prevalence of participation in organized social activities and volunteer work; while civic engagement and paid work were more frequent among men. White people were more likely to participate in social activities, volunteer work, and leisure-time physical activity, explained by their schooling. The strata with a higher level of schooling, income, and who had private health insurance showed a greater incidence of participation in all activities studied. CONCLUSION: The five activities analyzed are challenging for the proposed policy of active aging, as they are marked by considerable social inequality.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Exercício/fisiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Classe Social , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Atividades de Lazer , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Trabalho/fisiologia , Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
BMC Psychol ; 7(1): 65, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: When enrolled in university or college, students receive varying degrees of training in managing practical situations in the workplace. However, after graduation, the young professionals meet their responsibilities at work. The experience of the transition between education and work may connote a feeling of professional uncertainty and lack of coping, both of which are important factors related to young professionals' mental health. The gap between the two areas of knowledge is frequently described as 'practice shock'. Very few studies of mental health among students and young professional workers have used longitudinal designs. In the present study, we conducted a longitudinal investigation of change and stability in the levels of psychological distress among healthcare professionals, teachers, and social workers from the end of their study programs until 3 years into their subsequent professional lives. We also assessed the extent to which psychological distress at the end of the study program, sociodemographic characteristics, coping with the professional role, the psychosocial workplace environment, and experience of overall quality of life can predict psychological distress 3 years into their professional lives. METHODS: Psychological distress was measured using the General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ-12). A total of 773 students/young professionals participated at both the end of their study programs and 3 years into their professional lives. Group differences were examined by the chi-squared test, independent samples t-test, and one-way analysis of variance. McNemar's test were applied to identify changes in the proportion of cases at the two time points. Linear and logistic regressions were employed to identify factors associated with GHQ-12 Likert scores and GHQ-12 case scores, respectively. RESULTS: Psychological distress was significantly reduced at 3 years for health professionals. Among the social workers and teachers, the change in psychological distress was not significant during the same period. Higher current quality of life contributed to lower psychological distress. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support assumptions about higher levels of mental health problems as students, with mental health improving as health professionals and social workers move into professional work.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Estudantes/psicologia , Trabalho/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Emprego , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
9.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1376, 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over the past decades, the number of older workers has increased tremendously. This study examines trends from 1993 to 2013 in physical, cognitive and psychological functioning among three successive cohorts of Dutch older workers. The contribution of the changes in physical and psychosocial work demands and psychosocial work resources to change in functioning is examined. Insight in health of the older working population, and in potential explanatory variables, is relevant in order to reach sustainable employability. METHODS: Data from three cohorts (observations in 1993, 2003 and 2013) of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA) were used. Individuals aged 55-65 with a paid job were included (N = 1307). Physical functioning was measured using the Timed Chair Stand Test, cognitive functioning by a Coding Task and psychological functioning by the positive affect scale from the CES-D. Working conditions were deduced from a general population job exposure matrix. Linear and logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: From 1993 to 2013, time needed to perform the Timed Chair Stand Test increased with 1.3 s (95%CI = 0.89-1.71), to a mean of 11.5 s. Coding Task scores increased with 1.7 points (95%CI = 0.81-2.59), to a mean of 31 points. The proportion of workers with low positive affect increased non-significantly from 15 to 20% (p = 0.088). Only the improvement in cognitive functioning was associated with the change in working conditions. The observed decrease of physically demanding jobs and increase of jobs with higher psychosocial resources explained 8% of the improvement. CONCLUSIONS: Changes in working conditions may not contribute to improved physical and psychological functioning, but do contribute to improved cognitive functioning to some extent. Further adjustment of physical work demands and psychosocial work resources may help to reach sustainable employability of older workers.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Trabalho/tendências , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Pediatrics ; 144(4)2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The US physician workforce includes an increasing number of women, with pediatrics having the highest percentage. In recent research on physicians, it is indicated that men earn more than women. It is unclear how this finding extends to pediatricians. METHODS: We examined cross-sectional 2016 data on earnings from the American Academy of Pediatrics Pediatrician Life and Career Experience Study, a longitudinal study of early- and midcareer pediatricians. To estimate adjusted differences in pediatrician earnings between men and women, we conducted 4 ordinary least squares regression models. Model 1 examined gender, unadjusted; model 2 controlled for labor force characteristics; model 3 controlled for both labor force and physician-specific job characteristics; and model 4 controlled for labor force, physician-specific job, and work-family characteristics. RESULTS: Sixty-seven percent of Pediatrician Life and Career Experience Study participants completed the 2016 surveys (1213 out of 1801). The analytic sample was restricted to participants who completed training and worked in general pediatrics, hospitalist care, or subspecialty care (n = 998). Overall pediatrician-reported mean annual income was $189 804. Before any adjustment, women earned ∼76% of what men earned, or ∼$51 000 less. Adjusting for common labor force characteristics such as demographics, work hours, and specialty, women earned ∼87% of what men earned, or ∼$26 000 less. Adjusting for a comprehensive set of labor force, physician-specific job, and work-family characteristics, women earned ∼94% of what men earned, or ∼$8000 less. CONCLUSIONS: Early- to midcareer female pediatricians earned less than male pediatricians. This difference persisted after adjustment for important labor force, physician-specific job, and work-family characteristics. In future work, researchers should use longitudinal analyses and further explore family obligations and choices.


Assuntos
Mobilidade Ocupacional , Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Pediatras/economia , Médicas/economia , Fatores Sexuais , Estudos Transversais , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Renda/tendências , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pediatras/provisão & distribução , Médicas/provisão & distribução , Estados Unidos , Trabalho , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida/economia
11.
Wien Klin Wochenschr ; 131(21-22): 541-549, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493101

RESUMO

Low back pain (LBP) is a widely prevalent chronic pain disorder associated with a high burden on individuals and society. In the subjective perception of patients with LBP, probably the most important health outcomes associated with LBP are those that effect everyday performance. Such outcomes include reduction in activities of daily living (ADL), in work ability (WA), and in sexual function. This narrative review aimed to (1) examine the association between LBP and the three mentioned outcomes of everyday performance, (2) to explain possible mediating factors promoting these associations, and (3) to discuss possible implications for treatment and rehabilitation. Studies have shown that LBP can generate anxiety of movement leading to movement avoidance (fear-avoidance beliefs), which may lead to deconditioning and further increasing problems with ADL, WA and decreasing sexual function. Furthermore, common mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and stress-related disorders, which also often co-occur with LBP can lead to adverse effects on everyday performance and vice versa, can be the consequence of such problems and aggravate LBP. Although there is no universally accepted treatment modality that fits every patient with LBP, physical training, comprehensive patient education, and workplace or home modifications have been shown to be able to interrupt the mutual influence between LBP and the described mediating factors, and have a beneficial effect on ADL, WA, and sexual function. For this, a multidisciplinary approach is necessary which includes multiprofessional care teams, participation of the patients, and involvement of different settings, such as workplace, home, and physical training facilities.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Dor Lombar , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas , Trabalho , Doença Crônica , Medo , Humanos , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/epidemiologia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1100, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412839

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Workers with physically demanding work may be at risk for injury, illness or other adverse health outcomes due to exposure to different occupational hazards, especially at higher age. Sensor technology applications may be useful in the workplace to unobtrusively measure and monitor work exposures and provide workers with real-time feedback or access to data on demand. Many aspects might impede the implementation of sensor technology applications in the workplace, which should be taken into consideration for a successful implementation. Moreover, needs and preferences of workers regarding the use of sensor technology applications during work performance need to be identified. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify worker needs and preferences regarding the use of sensor technology applications in the workplace. METHODS: Four on-site focus group sessions were conducted in four different companies among workers with physically demanding work (n = 30). Semi-structured interview schedules were used to identify which work exposures should be measured, by which kind of sensor technology applications, under which (pre)conditions, how to motivate long-term use of sensor technology applications, and which type of feedback is preferred. For data analysis, a content-analysis with an inductive approach was performed. RESULTS: Participants mentioned that they want to use wearable sensor technology applications to measure and monitor physical job demands, occupational heat stress, noise and fatigue. Factors associated with quality, comfort and perceived ease of use were identified as potential barriers for implementation in the workplace. Long-term motivation was attributed to the ability to manage and monitor work exposures, positive feedback and data ownership. Participants indicated a need to both receive real-time feedback and access to data on demand. CONCLUSIONS: Sensor technology applications may support workers with physically demanding work to measure and monitor their work exposures. Potential barriers for implementation such as privacy aspects and quality, comfort and perceived ease of use of sensor technology applications need to be well considered to ensure successful implementation of sensor technology applications in the workplace.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Monitorização Ambulatorial/instrumentação , Saúde do Trabalhador , Esforço Físico/fisiologia , Trabalho/fisiologia , Adulto , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
13.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 139(11)2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Norueguês, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many questionnaires for measuring the quality of life for patients with obesity require comprehensive calculation before they are used. There is a need for questionnaires that permit simple assessment of the responses during a patient consultation. We have developed the questionnaire Patient-Reported Outcomes in Obesity (PROS). The objective of the study was to test the reliability and validity of the questionnaire. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The questionnaire was used to ask patients about the extent to which they perceived their weight or body shape as bothersome. A group of patients with an average body mass index (BMI) of 42 (n = 109) completed the PROS questionnaire and The Impact of Weight Quality of Life questionnaire (IWQOL-Lite) before undergoing obesity surgery. Another group with an average body mass index of 29 (n = 95) completed the PROS questionnaire 1-5 years after having undergone obesity surgery. 67,7 % of the patients were > 40 years and 79 % were women. For the statistical analysis we used Cronbach's alpha, factor analysis, Spearman's rank test and independent t-test. RESULTS: Cronbach's alpha for the total PROS score was 0.90, and the factor analysis showed a significant factor (eigenvalue = 4.7) that explained 58.4 % of the variance. The test-retest correlation was 0.93 (p < 0.001). The correlation coefficients between the PROS score, the total IWQOL-Lite score (rs = -0.91) and body mass index (rs = 0.60) were all significant (p < 0.001). The t-test showed an effect size (difference in standard deviation) between the non-surgery and the surgery groups of 1.9 (95 % CI 1.6-2.5) for the PROS questionnaire and 2.1 (95 % CI 1.7-2.5 for the total IWQOL-Lite score. INTERPRETATION: The PROS questionnaire is a reliable and valid questionnaire for measurement of obesity-specific quality of life.


Assuntos
Obesidade/psicologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Exercício/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Estado Civil , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autoimagem , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Sono , Discriminação Social/psicologia , Trabalho/psicologia
14.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1125, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing life expectancy has made understanding the mechanisms underlying late-life health and function more important. We set out to investigate whether trajectories of change in psychosocial working conditions are associated with late-life physical function. METHODS: Two Swedish surveys, linked at the individual level, were used (n = 803). A psychosocial job exposure matrix was used to measure psychosocial working conditions during people's first occupation, as well as their occupation every five years thereafter until baseline in 1991. Physical function was measured in 2014. Random effects growth curve models were used to calculate intraindividual trajectories of working conditions. Predictors of physical function were assessed with ordered logistic regression. RESULTS: A more active job at baseline was associated with increased odds of late-life physical function (OR 1.15, CI 1.01-1.32). Higher baseline job strain was associated with decreased odds of late-life physical function (OR 0.75, CI 0.59-0.96). A high initial level followed by an upward trajectory of job strain throughout working life was associated with decreased odds of late-life physical function (OR 0.32, CI 0.17-0.58). CONCLUSIONS: Promoting a healthier workplace by reducing chronic stress and inducing intellectual stimulation, control, and personal growth may contribute to better late-life physical function.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Trabalho/psicologia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suécia/epidemiologia
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443601

RESUMO

Salutary retirement policy depends on a clear understanding of factors in the workplace that contribute to work ability at older ages. Research in occupational health typically uses either self-reported or objective ratings of the work environment to assess workplace determinants of health and work ability. This study assessed whether individual characteristics and work-related demands were differentially associated with (1) self-reported ratings of job resources from older workers in the Health and Retirement Study, and (2) corresponding objective ratings of job resources from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET). Results from regression and relative weights analyses showed that self-reported ratings were associated with self-reported job demands and personal resources, whereas corresponding O*NET ratings were associated with differences in gender, race, or socioeconomic standing. As a result, subjective ratings may not capture important aspects of aging workers' sociodemographic background that influence work ability, occupational sorting, opportunities for advancement, and ultimately the job resources available to them. Future studies should consider including both subjective and objective measures to capture individual and societal level processes that drive the relationship between work, health, and aging.


Assuntos
Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde do Trabalhador , Aposentadoria , Autorrelato , Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 19(2): 406-426, maio-ago. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1010258

RESUMO

Este estudo teve como objetivo recuperar as trajetórias de mulheres quebradeiras de coco piauienses que integram o Movimento Interestadual de Quebradeiras de Coco Babaçu (MIQCB), demarcando suas lutas cotidianas, formas de resistência e modos de organização e participação política, interseccionados com questões de gênero, raça, etnia, geração, território e demais marcadores que foram compondo seus modos de vida. As trajetórias dessas mulheres são atravessadas pelas situações de opressão, espoliação e violência às quais eram sujeitas, mas também apresentam marcantes histórias de luta e resistência que tecem seu cotidiano, em um contexto de efervescência política, favorecendo a emergência do MIQCB. A participação política das mulheres nesse movimento possibilitou o tensionamento das fronteiras entre público e privado, ao contestarem os lugares tradicionais que, historicamente, têm sido atribuídos às mulheres, como o espaço restrito da casa.(AU)


This study aims to recover the trajectories of Piaui female coconut breakers that integrate the Interstate Movement of Babaçu Coconut Breakers (IMBCB), demarcating their daily struggles, forms of resistance and ways of organization and political participation, intersected with gender, race, ethnicity, generation, territory and other issues that have been composing their way of life. These women's trajectories are marked by situations of oppression, spoliation and violence they were subjected to, but they also present remarkable stories of fight and resistance that they weave in everyday life, in a political effervescence context which favored the emergence of the MIQCB. The women's political participation in this movement made it possible to strain the boundaries between public and private, by challenging traditional places that have historically been attributed to women, such as there stricted space of their home.(AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo recuperar las trayectorias de mujeres quebradoras de coco piauienses que integran el Movimiento Interestatal de Quebradoras del Coco Babaçu (MIQCB), demarcando sus luchas cotidianas, formas de resistencia y modos de organización y participación política, interseccionados con cuestiones de género, raza, etnia, generación, territorio y demás los marcadores que fueron componiendo sus modos de vida. Las trayectorias de las mujeres están marcadas por las situaciones de opresión, expoliación y violencia, pero también presentan marcadas historias de lucha y resistencia que iban tejiendo en el cotidiano, en un contexto de efervescencia política, que favoreció la emergência del MIQCB. La participación política de las mujeres em esse movimiento posibilitó el tensado de las fronteras entre público y privado, al contestar los lugares tradicionales que, históricamente, se les há atribuido a las mujeres, el espacio restringido de la casa.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Mulheres , Trabalho , Participação da Comunidade , Cocos/economia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323860

RESUMO

In this study, we examine employees' perceptions of their work ability from a sustainable career perspective. Specifically, we investigate the role of a person's perceived current fit (i.e., autonomy, strengths use and needs-supply fit), and future fit with their job as resources that affect perceived work ability, defined as the extent to which employees feel capable of continuing their current work over a longer time period. In addition, we test whether meaningfulness of one's work mediates this relationship, and we address the moderating role of age. Our hypotheses were tested using a sample of 5205 employees working in diverse sectors in Belgium. The results of multi-group Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) provide mixed evidence for our hypotheses. While all four resources were significantly and positively related to perceived meaningfulness, only needs-supply fit was positively related to perceived work ability. Strengths use, on the other hand, was also significantly related to perceived work ability, yet in a negative way. These findings underscore the importance of distinguishing between several types of resources to understand their impact upon perceived work ability. Interestingly, the relationship between future-orientedness of the job and perceived work ability was moderated by age, with the relationship only being significant and positive for middle-aged and senior workers. This suggests an increasingly important role of having a perspective of future fit with one's job as employees grow older. Contrary to our expectations, meaningfulness did not mediate the relationships between resources and perceived work ability. We discuss these findings and their implications from the perspective of sustainable career development.


Assuntos
Aptidão , Ocupações , Autonomia Profissional , Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Bélgica , Escolha da Profissão , Feminino , Recursos em Saúde , Humanos , Longevidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recursos Humanos
18.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 874, 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aims to identify the association between psychosocial working conditions, global stress perception, and needle-stick injury among Chinese healthcare workers. It also endeavors to detect the mediating effects of global stress perception. METHODS: A total of 1956 valid samples were collected from eight teaching hospitals in Shanghai, China. A self-reported questionnaire was administered to participants after obtaining their written consent. Structural equation model was used to analyze the relationship between study variables. RESULTS: Most of the correlation coefficients between psychosocial conditions at work, stress perception, and needle-stick injury are of statistical significance ranging from 0.004 to 0.869. Results of the internal consistency test shows that Cronbach's α is between 0.770 and 0.925. All three models for effect analysis demonstrated satisfactory global goodness and acceptable path loadings. Psychosocial working conditions and stress perception were directly associated with events of needle-stick injury, as 0.39 (95%CI: 0.32 to 0.48) and 0.32 (95%CI: 0.22 to 0.39), respectively. Furthermore, stress perception had been proved to have a mediating effect (0.25, 95%CI: 0.19 to 0.31) between psychosocial working condition and needle-stick injury, which occupied over one-third of the total effect. CONCLUSIONS: Both stressful psychosocial working conditions and negative stress perception could increase the risk of needle-stick injury that occurs among healthcare workers. Management of stress perception could reduce health risk brought by stressful psychosocial working conditions.


Assuntos
Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Recursos Humanos em Hospital/psicologia , Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Masculino , Recursos Humanos em Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 884, 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prolonged sitting is associated with a range of chronic health conditions and working in office-based jobs is an important contributor to total daily sitting time. Consequently, interventions to reduce workplace sitting have been developed and tested; however, no single intervention strategy consistently produces reductions in workplace sitting time. Exploring barriers and enablers to sitting less at work has been shown to support the development of more effective interventions. In order to address these barriers and enablers during the development and implementation of sit less at work interventions, it is important to understand how they may differ in different types of organisation, an area which has not yet been explored. The main aim of this study was to determine whether barriers and enablers to sitting less at work varied between organisations of different size and sector. METHODS: A qualitative study design was used. Four organisations of different sizes and sectors participated: a small business, a charity, a local authority and a large corporation. A total of ten focus groups comprising 40 volunteer employees were conducted. Focus groups were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Transcripts were then thematically analysed using pre-defined themes, but analysis also allowed for emergence of additional themes. RESULTS: Barriers and enablers which were consistently raised by participants across all four organisations primarily included: individual-level factors such as habits and routines, and personal motivations and preferences; and factors relating to the internal physical environment. Barriers and enablers that differed by organisation mainly related to: organisational-level factors such as organisational culture, organisation size, and ways of working; and factors relating to the broader social, economic and political context such as the idea of presenteeism, and the impact of wider economic and political issues. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that although some themes were consistently raised by participants from organisations of different size and sector, participants from these organisations also experienced some different barriers and enablers to sitting less at work. For future research or practice, the study findings highlight that organisation-specific barriers and enablers need to be identified and addressed during the development and implementation of sit less at work interventions.


Assuntos
Postura Sentada , Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração , Adulto , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Cultura Organizacional , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Comportamento Sedentário
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