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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e15954, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261501

RESUMO

Early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer (PC) is based on endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). However, EUS is invasive and requires a high level of technical skill. Recently, liquid biopsies have achieved the same sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of numerous pathologies, including cancer. Insulin-promoting factor 1 (PDX1) and Msh-homeobox 2 (MSX2), 2 homeotic genes, have been confirmed to be related to pancreatic oncogenesis.The aim of this study is to establish the diagnostic utility of circulating serum levels of MSX2 and PDX1 expression in patients with PC.A prospective study was conducted from January 2014 to February 2017. Patients with a suspected diagnosis of PC who underwent fine needle aspiration biopsy guided by EUS (EUS-FNA) were included in the study, in addition to non-PC control subjects. Both tissue and blood serum samples were submitted to histopathological analysis and measurement of PDX1 and MSX2 gene expression by means of qRT-PCR.Patients were divided into non-PC, malignant pathology (MP), or benign pathology (BP) groups. Significant differences in both MSX2 [2.05 (1.66-4.60) vs 0.83 (0.49-1.60), P = .006] and PDX1 [2.59 (1.28-10.12) vs 1.02 (0.81-1.17), P = .036] gene expression were found in blood samples of PC compared with non-PC subjects. We also observed a significant increase in MSX2 transcripts in tissue biopsy samples of patients diagnosed with MP compared with those with BP [1.98 (1.44-4.61) and 0.66 (0.45-1.54), respectively, P = .012]. The ROC curves indicate a sensitivity and specificity of 80% for PDX1 and 86% for MSX2.Gene expression of MSX2 in tissue samples obtained by EUS-FNA and serum expression of MSX2 and PDX1 were higher in patients with PC.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Transativadores/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Pâncreas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
2.
DNA Cell Biol ; 38(8): 840-848, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314587

RESUMO

microRNAs are a class of noncoding RNAs that play important roles in cancer progression. microRNA-183-3p (miR-183-3p) is a novel microRNA that is dysregulated in many kinds of cancers. Our previous studies found high expression and oncologic role of high-mobility group nucleosome binding domain 5 (HMGN5) in prostate cancer. In this study, we found that miR-183-3p was downregulated in prostate cancer cells and primary tissues compared with normal controls. In addition, miR-183-3p expression was negatively correlated with HMGN5 expression. On the basis of bioinformatics predication and quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot verification, it is demonstrated that miR-183-3p regulated HMGN5 expression. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-183-3p directly targeted the 3'-untranslated region of HMGN5. Interestingly, cell proliferation and migration inhibition and apoptosis induction were also observed in miR-183-3p transfected human prostate cancer VCap and C4-2 cells. Moreover, overexpression of HMGN5 significantly reversed the inhibitory effect on cell proliferation and migration and promoted effect on cell apoptosis by miR-183-3p. Our data suggest that dysfunction of miR-183-3p-HMGN5 axis plays an oncogenic role and can be a therapeutic target for prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Proteínas HMGN/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Transativadores/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Idoso , Apoptose/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas HMGN/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Transativadores/metabolismo
3.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2458, 2019 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165730

RESUMO

During stress, prompt export of stress-inducible transcripts is critical for cell survival. Here, we characterize a function of the SAGA (Spt-Ada-Gcn5 acetyltransferase) deubiquitylating module (DUBm) in monitoring messenger ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) biogenesis to regulate non-canonical mRNA export of stress-inducible transcripts. Our genetic and biochemical analyses suggest that there is a functional relationship between Sgf73p of DUBm and the essential mRNA export factor, Yra1p. Under physiological conditions, Sgf73p is critical for the proper chromatin localization and RNA binding of Yra1p, while also quality controlling the biogenesis of mRNPs in conjunction with the nuclear exosome exonuclease, Rrp6p. Under environmental stress, when immediate transport of stress-inducible transcripts is imperative, Sgf73p facilitates the bypass of canonical surveillance and promotes the timely export of necessary transcripts. Overall, our results show that the Sgf73p-mediated plasticity of gene expression is important for the ability of cells to tolerate stress and regulate proteostasis to survive under environmental uncertainty.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Histona Acetiltransferases/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Ribonucleoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico , Cromatina/metabolismo , Complexo Multienzimático de Ribonucleases do Exossomo/metabolismo , Proteostase , Transporte de RNA , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Transativadores/metabolismo
4.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2723, 2019 06 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222014

RESUMO

Non-genetic drug resistance is increasingly recognised in various cancers. Molecular insights into this process are lacking and it is unknown whether stable non-genetic resistance can be overcome. Using single cell RNA-sequencing of paired drug naïve and resistant AML patient samples and cellular barcoding in a unique mouse model of non-genetic resistance, here we demonstrate that transcriptional plasticity drives stable epigenetic resistance. With a CRISPR-Cas9 screen we identify regulators of enhancer function as important modulators of the resistant cell state. We show that inhibition of Lsd1 (Kdm1a) is able to overcome stable epigenetic resistance by facilitating the binding of the pioneer factor, Pu.1 and cofactor, Irf8, to nucleate new enhancers that regulate the expression of key survival genes. This enhancer switching results in the re-distribution of transcriptional co-activators, including Brd4, and provides the opportunity to disable their activity and overcome epigenetic resistance. Together these findings highlight key principles to help counteract non-genetic drug resistance.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Transativadores/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Medula Óssea/patologia , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Epigênese Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Análise de Célula Única , Transativadores/genética , Transativadores/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
5.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 195: 33-38, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060031

RESUMO

Dysfunctional or death of retinal photoreceptors is an irreversible phenomenon that is closely associated with a broad range of retinal degenerative diseases, such as retinitis pigmentosa and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), resulting in successive loss of visual function and blindness. In search for viable treatment for retinal degenerative diseases, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has demonstrated promising therapeutic capabilities to repair and replace damaged photoreceptor cells in both in vitro and in vivo conditions. Nevertheless, the dearth of MSC differentiation capacity into photoreceptors has limited its use in cell replacement therapy. Erythropoietin (EPO) has vital role in early neural retinal cell differentiation and demonstrated rescue potential on dying photoreceptor cells. Hence, we aimed to evaluate the differentiation capacity of MSCs into photoreceptor cells in the presence of human EPO protein. We derived the MSC from human Wharton's jelly of umbilical cord and transduced the cells with lentivirus particles encoding EPO and green fluorescent protein (GFP) as reporter gene. The transduced cells were selectively cultured and induced to differentiate into photoreceptors by exposing to photoreceptor differentiation cocktail. Our preliminary results showed that transduced cells exposed to induction medium had an enhanced differentiation capacity when compared to non-transduced cells. Our results demonstrated a novel strategy to increase the yield of in vitro photoreceptor differentiation and may be potentially useful in improving the efficiency of stem cell transplantation for ocular disorders.


Assuntos
Eritropoetina/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células Fotorreceptoras de Vertebrados/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Eritropoetina/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células Fotorreceptoras de Vertebrados/citologia , Rodopsina/metabolismo , Transativadores/metabolismo , Geleia de Wharton/citologia
6.
J Med Food ; 22(5): 444-450, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084542

RESUMO

Studies have identified the potential of chemopreventive effects of sulforaphane (SFN); however, the underlying mechanisms of its effect on breast cancer require further elucidation. This study investigated the anticancer effects of SFN that specifically induces G1/S arrest in breast ductal carcinoma (ZR-75-1) cells. The proliferation of the cancer cells after treatment with SFN was detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. DNA content and cell cycle status were analyzed through flow cytometry. Our results demonstrated the inhibition of growth in ZR-75-1 cells upon SFN exposure. In addition, SERTAD1 (SEI-1) caused the accumulation of SFN-treated G1/S-phase cells. The downregulation of SEI-1, cyclin D2, and histone deacetylase 3 suggested that in addition to the identified effects of SFN against breast cancer prevention, it may also exert antitumor activities in established breast cancer cells. In conclusion, SFN can inhibit growth of and induce cell cycle arrest in cancer cells, suggesting its potential role as an anticancer agent.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Isotiocianatos/farmacologia , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Transativadores/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/fisiopatologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclina D2/genética , Ciclina D2/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Pontos de Checagem da Fase S do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Transativadores/metabolismo , Verduras/química
7.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 52(6): 1503-1516, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112017

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Zinc Finger Protein 281 (ZNF281) was recently identified as a novel oncogene in several human carcinomas. However, the clinical significance of ZNF281 in colorectal cancer (CRC) and the molecular mechanisms by which ZNF281 promotes the growth and metastasis of CRC remain unknown. METHODS: ZNF281 expression in CRC tissues was assessed, and the outcomes were analyzed to determine the clinical importance of ZNF281 expression. Cell Transwell assays and a wound healing assay were performed to assess the effects of ZNF281 on CRC cell migration and invasion in vitro. Western blotting was applied to analyze the potential mechanisms. RESULTS: ZNF281 mRNA and protein levels were significantly increased in CRC tissues compared with normal colon tissues, and high ZNF281 expression was associated with advanced T stage, N stage, TNM stage and differentiation. Therefore, ZNF281 expression might be an independent prognostic indicator in CRC patients. Moreover, knockdown of ZNF281 expression suppressed cell proliferation, migration and invasion by inhibiting the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. CONCLUSION: Our study indicates that ZNF281 plays a critical role in the progression and metastasis of CRC and could represent a potential therapeutic target for CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Transativadores/metabolismo , Idoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células HCT116 , Células HT29 , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Invasividade Neoplásica/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Neoplásico/genética , RNA Neoplásico/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Transativadores/antagonistas & inibidores , Transativadores/genética , Regulação para Cima , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/metabolismo
8.
Mol Cells ; 42(4): 301-312, 2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091556

RESUMO

Post-transcriptional regulation underlies the circadian control of gene expression and animal behaviors. However, the role of mRNA surveillance via the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) pathway in circadian rhythms remains elusive. Here, we report that Drosophila NMD pathway acts in a subset of circadian pacemaker neurons to maintain robust 24 h rhythms of free-running locomotor activity. RNA interference-mediated depletion of key NMD factors in timeless-expressing clock cells decreased the amplitude of circadian locomotor behaviors. Transgenic manipulation of the NMD pathway in clock neurons expressing a neuropeptide PIGMENT-DISPERSING FACTOR (PDF) was sufficient to dampen or lengthen free-running locomotor rhythms. Confocal imaging of a transgenic NMD reporter revealed that arrhythmic Clock mutants exhibited stronger NMD activity in PDF-expressing neurons than wild-type. We further found that hypomorphic mutations in Suppressor with morphogenetic effect on genitalia 5 (Smg5 ) or Smg6 impaired circadian behaviors. These NMD mutants normally developed PDF-expressing clock neurons and displayed daily oscillations in the transcript levels of core clock genes. By contrast, the loss of Smg5 or Smg6 function affected the relative transcript levels of cAMP response element-binding protein B (CrebB ) in an isoform-specific manner. Moreover, the overexpression of a transcriptional repressor form of CrebB rescued free-running locomotor rhythms in Smg5-depleted flies. These data demonstrate that CrebB is a rate-limiting substrate of the genetic NMD pathway important for the behavioral output of circadian clocks in Drosophila.


Assuntos
Relógios Circadianos , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila/genética , Mutação , Degradação do RNAm Mediada por Códon sem Sentido , Transativadores/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Proteínas CLOCK/genética , Drosophila/metabolismo , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Endorribonucleases/genética , Endorribonucleases/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neuropeptídeos/genética , Neuropeptídeos/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA , Transdução de Sinais
9.
Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol ; 75(Pt 5): 498-504, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063152

RESUMO

Bovine meat and milk factors (BMMFs) are circular, single-stranded episomal DNAs that have been detected in bovine meat and milk products. BMMFs are thought to have roles in human malignant and degenerative diseases. BMMFs encode a replication initiator protein (Rep) that is actively transcribed and translated in human cells. In this study, a Rep WH1 domain encoded on a BMMF (MSBI1.176) isolated from a multiple sclerosis human brain sample was determined to 1.53 Šresolution using X-ray crystallography. The overall structure of the MSBI1.176 WH1 domain was remarkably similar to other Rep structures, despite having a low (28%) amino-acid sequence identity. The MSBI1.176 WH1 domain contained elements common to other Reps, including five α-helices, five ß-strands and a hydrophobic pocket. These new findings suggest that the MSBI1.176 Rep might have comparable roles and functions to other known Reps of different origins.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , DNA Helicases/química , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , Esclerose Múltipla/metabolismo , Plasmídeos/isolamento & purificação , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , Transativadores/química , Transativadores/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Bovinos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Homologia de Sequência
10.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 47(1): 1194-1199, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30963789

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx), encoded by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome, plays a pivotal in mediating pathogenicity in liver diseases. However, the underlying mechanisms are still needed to be elucidated. Receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) has been identified as a serine/threonine kinase with various biological functions in cell fate, proliferation, and death. In the current study, we found that overexpression of HBx in LO2 human normal hepatocytes increased the expression of RIP1. Importantly, our results indicate that blockage of RIP1 using its specific antagonist necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) ameliorated HBx-induced oxidative stress by mitigating the production of ROS and Nox-4 expression. Also, the presence of Nec-1 improved HBx-induced mitochondrial dysfunction by increasing MMP. Importantly, we found that Nec-1 could inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-8, and CXCL2 as well as the secretion of HMGB1. Mechanistically, we found that Nec-1 treatment suppressed the activation of the JNK/AP-1 and NF-κB signalling pathways. Our findings implicated a novel biological function of RIP1 in HBx-induced cytotoxicity and inflammation in human normal hepatocytes. Antagonism of RIP1 might be a potential therapeutic approach for the treatment of HBV-associated liver diseases.


Assuntos
Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Indóis/farmacologia , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/antagonistas & inibidores , Transativadores/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/citologia , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
MBio ; 10(2)2019 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30967469

RESUMO

Quorum sensing (QS) is a process of cell-to-cell communication that bacteria use to orchestrate collective behaviors. QS relies on the cell-density-dependent production, accumulation, and receptor-mediated detection of extracellular signaling molecules called autoinducers (AIs). Gram-negative bacteria commonly use N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) as their AIs, and they are detected by LuxR-type receptors. Often, LuxR-type receptors are insoluble when not bound to a cognate AI. In this report, we show that LuxR-type receptors are encoded on phage genomes, and in the cases we tested, the phage LuxR-type receptors bind to and are solubilized specifically by the AHL AI produced by the host bacterium. We do not yet know the viral activities that are controlled by these phage QS receptors; however, our observations, coupled with recent reports, suggest that their occurrence is more widespread than previously appreciated. Using receptor-mediated detection of QS AIs could enable phages to garner information concerning the population density status of their bacterial hosts. We speculate that such information can be exploited by phages to optimize the timing of execution of particular steps in viral infection.IMPORTANCE Bacteria communicate with chemical signal molecules to regulate group behaviors in a process called quorum sensing (QS). In this report, we find that genes encoding receptors for Gram-negative bacterial QS communication molecules are present on genomes of viruses that infect these bacteria. These viruses are called phages. We show that two phage-encoded receptors, like their bacterial counterparts, bind to the communication molecule produced by the host bacterium, suggesting that phages can "listen in" on their bacterial hosts. Interfering with bacterial QS and using phages to kill pathogenic bacteria represent attractive possibilities for development of new antimicrobials to combat pathogens that are resistant to traditional antibiotics. Our findings of interactions between phages and QS bacteria need consideration as new antimicrobial therapies are developed.


Assuntos
Acil-Butirolactonas/metabolismo , Bacteriófagos/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Transativadores/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/genética , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Aeromonas/virologia , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Repressoras/química , Solubilidade , Transativadores/química , Proteínas Virais/química
12.
PLoS Genet ; 15(4): e1008058, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933982

RESUMO

In the skin and gill epidermis of fish, ionocytes develop alongside keratinocytes and maintain body fluid ionic homeostasis that is essential for adaptation to environmental fluctuations. It is known that ionocyte progenitors in zebrafish embryos are specified from p63+ epidermal stem cells through a patterning process involving DeltaC (Dlc)-Notch-mediated lateral inhibition, which selects scattered dlc+ cells into the ionocyte progenitor fate. However, mechanisms by which the ionocyte progenitor population is modulated remain unclear. Krüppel-like factor 4 (Klf4) transcription factor was previously implicated in the terminal differentiation of mammalian skin epidermis and is known for its bifunctional regulation of cell proliferation in a tissue context-dependent manner. Here, we report novel roles for zebrafish Klf4 in the ventral ectoderm during embryonic skin development. We found that Klf4 was expressed in p63+ epidermal stem cells of the ventral ectoderm from 90% epiboly onward. Knockdown or knockout of klf4 expression reduced the proliferation rate of p63+ stem cells, resulting in decreased numbers of p63+ stem cells, dlc-p63+ keratinocyte progenitors and dlc+ p63+ ionocyte progenitor cells. These reductions subsequently led to diminished keratinocyte and ionocyte densities and resulted from upregulation of the well-known cell cycle regulators, p53 and cdkn1a/p21. Moreover, mutation analyses of the KLF motif in the dlc promoter, combined with VP16-klf4 or engrailed-klf4 mRNA overexpression analyses, showed that Klf4 can bind the dlc promoter and modulate lateral inhibition by directly repressing dlc expression. This idea was further supported by observing the lateral inhibition outcomes in klf4-overexpressing or knockdown embryos. Overall, our experiments delineate novel roles for zebrafish Klf4 in regulating the ionocyte progenitor population throughout early stem cell stage to initiation of terminal differentiation, which is dependent on Dlc-Notch-mediated lateral inhibition.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Embrionárias/citologia , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/metabolismo , Células Epidérmicas/citologia , Células Epidérmicas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Padronização Corporal , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Ectoderma/citologia , Ectoderma/embriologia , Ectoderma/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Brânquias/citologia , Brânquias/embriologia , Brânquias/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Transporte de Íons , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/deficiência , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Receptores Notch/genética , Receptores Notch/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Transativadores/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/deficiência , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética
13.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1695, 2019 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30979898

RESUMO

Actin cytoskeleton is well-known for providing structural/mechanical support, but whether and how it regulates chromatin and cell fate reprogramming is far less clear. Here, we report that MKL1, the key transcriptional co-activator of many actin cytoskeletal genes, regulates genomic accessibility and cell fate reprogramming. The MKL1-actin pathway weakens during somatic cell reprogramming by pluripotency transcription factors. Cells that reprogram efficiently display low endogenous MKL1 and inhibition of actin polymerization promotes mature pluripotency activation. Sustained MKL1 expression at a level seen in typical fibroblasts yields excessive actin cytoskeleton, decreases nuclear volume and reduces global chromatin accessibility, stalling cells on their trajectory toward mature pluripotency. In addition, the MKL1-actin imposed block of pluripotency can be bypassed, at least partially, when the Sun2-containing linker of the nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton (LINC) complex is inhibited. Thus, we unveil a previously unappreciated aspect of control on chromatin and cell fate reprogramming exerted by the MKL1-actin pathway.


Assuntos
Reprogramação Celular , Cromatina/química , Transativadores/metabolismo , Citoesqueleto de Actina/metabolismo , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Feminino , Fibroblastos/citologia , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Genótipo , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/citologia
14.
Gene ; 702: 158-165, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30930225

RESUMO

Secondary cell wall (SCW) thickening provides the mechanical force for anther dehiscence and plays an important role in the formation of xylem structure. We have previously reported that γMYB2, a MYB coiled-coil protein, directly binds to the P1BS cis-element of the PLA2-γ promoter and acts as a co-activator of γMYB1 in controlling the expression of PLA2-γ. In this study, we analyzed morphological phenotypes of the constitutive overexpression (γMYB2-OE) and knock-down (γMYB2-KD) lines of γMYB2. We found that γMYB2 overexpression caused the collapse of the endothecium layer, thereby suppressing anther dehiscence and forming short infertile siliques. The γMYB2-OE also showed less cellulose deposition in the xylem and had a longer primary stem than the wild-type, while γMYB2-KD had greater cellulose accumulation and a shorter primary stem than the wild-type. We demonstrated that the male sterility and the longer primary stem in γMYB2-OE were caused by reduced expression of SCW thickening-related genes. Our results suggest that γMYB2 acts as a negative regulator in controlling the SCW thickening in Arabidopsis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Caules de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Transativadores/fisiologia , Fatores de Transcrição/fisiologia , Arabidopsis/anatomia & histologia , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Parede Celular/genética , Parede Celular/ultraestrutura , Celulose/metabolismo , Flores/anatomia & histologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Lignina/metabolismo , Infertilidade das Plantas , Caules de Planta/anatomia & histologia , Caules de Planta/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Transativadores/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Xilema/metabolismo
15.
PLoS Genet ; 15(4): e1008065, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946745

RESUMO

Integration of environmental and endogenous cues at plant shoot meristems determines the timing of flowering and reproductive development. The MADS box transcription factor FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) of Arabidopsis thaliana is an important repressor of floral transition, which blocks flowering until plants are exposed to winter cold. However, the target genes of FLC have not been thoroughly described, and our understanding of the mechanisms by which FLC represses transcription of these targets and how this repression is overcome during floral transition is still fragmentary. Here, we identify and characterize TARGET OF FLC AND SVP1 (TFS1), a novel target gene of FLC and its interacting protein SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP). TFS1 encodes a B3-type transcription factor, and we show that tfs1 mutants are later flowering than wild-type, particularly under short days. FLC and SVP repress TFS1 transcription leading to deposition of trimethylation of Iysine 27 of histone 3 (H3K27me3) by the Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 at the TFS1 locus. During floral transition, after downregulation of FLC by cold, TFS1 transcription is promoted by SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS1 (SOC1), a MADS box protein encoded by another target of FLC/SVP. SOC1 opposes PRC function at TFS1 through recruitment of the histone demethylase RELATIVE OF EARLY FLOWERING 6 (REF6) and the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeler ATPase BRAHMA (BRM). This recruitment of BRM is also strictly required for SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE 9 (SPL9) binding at TFS1 to coordinate RNAPII recruitment through the Mediator complex. Thus, we show that antagonistic chromatin modifications mediated by different MADS box transcription factor complexes play a crucial role in defining the temporal and spatial patterns of transcription of genes within a network of interactions downstream of FLC/SVP during floral transition.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Domínio MADS/genética , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Cromatina/genética , Cromatina/metabolismo , Flores/genética , Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Flores/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Código das Histonas/genética , Proteínas de Domínio MADS/metabolismo , Meristema/genética , Meristema/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Meristema/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Brotos de Planta/genética , Brotos de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Brotos de Planta/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Transativadores/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
16.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1606, 2019 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30962435

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) regulates vasculogenesis by using its tyrosine kinase receptors. However, little is known about whether Sec14-like phosphatidylinositol transfer proteins (PTP) are involved in this process. Here, we show that zebrafish sec14l3, one of the family members, specifically participates in artery and vein formation via regulating angioblasts and subsequent venous progenitors' migration during vasculogenesis. Vascular defects caused by sec14l3 depletion are partially rescued by restoration of VEGFR2 signaling at the receptor or downstream effector level. Biochemical analyses show that Sec14l3/SEC14L2 physically bind to VEGFR2 and prevent it from dephosphorylation specifically at the Y1175 site by peri-membrane tyrosine phosphatase PTP1B, therefore potentiating VEGFR2 signaling activation. Meanwhile, Sec14l3 and SEC14L2 interact with RAB5A/4A and facilitate the formation of their GTP-bound states, which might be critical for VEGFR2 endocytic trafficking. Thus, we conclude that Sec14l3 controls vasculogenesis in zebrafish via the regulation of VEGFR2 activation.


Assuntos
Neovascularização Fisiológica/fisiologia , Proteínas de Transferência de Fosfolipídeos/metabolismo , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Embrião não Mamífero , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/fisiologia , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Células HEK293 , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Lipoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transferência de Fosfolipídeos/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Transativadores/metabolismo , Proteínas rab5 de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
17.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 45(3): 1141-1152, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30963483

RESUMO

The CITED3 protein is a non-DNA-binding transcriptional co-regulator involved in the regulation of various transcriptional responses against hypoxia stress. Here, we characterized two paralogs Cited3 genes (Cited3a and Cited3b) from blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala), which is a hypoxia-sensitive species. Both genes have an open reading frame of 756 and 723 bp; encoded a protein of 251 amino acid and 240 amino acid, respectively; and they shared a sequence identity of 67%. In adult fish, both Cited3a and Cited3b mRNAs were highly expressed in kidney tissues. In contrast, they were detected in the skin, muscle, and gonad at extraordinarily low levels. During embryogenesis, both Cited3a and Cited3b mRNAs were maternally deposited in eggs and fluctuated from the zygote to the 44-hpf (hours post-fertilization) larvae. Whole-mount in situ hybridization demonstrated that both Cited3a and Cited3b mRNAs were transcribed in the brain, gut, and tailbud at 12 hpf, and at the brain and gut at 24 hpf, and at the brain at 36 hpf embryos. Hypoxic treatment led to upregulated expression of the Cited3 genes during embryogenesis. Under hypoxia, both Cited3a and Cited3b genes in the kidney and brain and Cited3a genes in the liver were significantly upregulated. These results suggest that hypoxia was associated with increases in mRNA levels for both Cited3a (kidney, brain, liver) and Cited3b (kidney and liver).


Assuntos
Cyprinidae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Hipóxia/veterinária , Oxigênio/farmacologia , Transativadores/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Duplicação Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo , Filogenia , Transativadores/genética
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(17): 15332-15343, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950609

RESUMO

In this study, we use Escherichia coli as a model to investigate the antimicrobial mechanism of a film made of a copolymer based on monomethylether poly(ethylene glycol), methyl methacrylate, and 2-dimethyl(aminoethyl) methacrylate, whose surface is active towards Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. The polymer contains not quaternized amino groups that can generate a charged surface by protonation when in contact with water. For this purpose, we adopted a dual strategy based on the analysis of cell damage caused by contact with the polymer surface and on the evaluation of the cell response to the surface toxic action. The lithic effect on the protoplasts of E. coli showed that the polymer surface can affect the structure of cytoplasmic membranes, while assays of calcein leakage from large unilamellar vesicles at different phospholipid compositions indicated that action on membranes does not need a functionally active cell. On the other hand, the significant increase in sensitivity to actinomycin D demonstrates that the polymer interferes also with the structure of the outer membrane, modifying its permeability. The study on gene expression, based on the analysis of the transcripts in a temporal window where the contact with the polymer is not lethal and the damage is reversible, showed that some key genes of the synthesis and maintenance of the outer membrane structure ( fabR, fadR, fabA, waaA, waaC, kdsA, pldA, and pagP), as well as regulators of cellular response to oxidative stress ( soxS), are more expressed when bacteria are exposed to the polymer surface. All together these results identified the outer membrane as the main cellular target of the antimicrobial surface and indicated a specific cellular response to damage, providing more information on the antimicrobial mechanism. In this perspective, data reported here could play a pivotal role in a microbial growth control strategy based not only on the structural improvements of the materials but also on the possibility of intervening on the cellular pathways involved in the contrast reaction to these and other polymers with similar mechanisms.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Polímeros/química , Aciltransferases/genética , Aciltransferases/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Parede Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Dactinomicina/química , Dactinomicina/metabolismo , Dactinomicina/farmacologia , Condutividade Elétrica , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Polímeros/farmacologia , Polimetil Metacrilato/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Transativadores/genética , Transativadores/metabolismo , Lipossomas Unilamelares/química , Lipossomas Unilamelares/metabolismo
19.
Anticancer Res ; 39(4): 1839-1847, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30952724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Casticin shows anti-cancer effects in many types of cancer. However, there is no information regarding its role in DNA damage in human bladder cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of casticin on TSGH-8301 cells in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Viability of cells was assayed by flow cytometry. DNA damage was assayed by DAPI staining, comet assay, and gel electrophoresis. Protein levels were examined by western blotting and confocal laser microscopy. RESULTS: Casticin decreased viability of cells and induced DNA damage. Furthermore, casticin decreased expression of p-ATM, p-ATR, MDC1 and MGMT levels after 48 h of treatment, however, it increased p-ATR and MGMT levels after 12 h. In contrast, casticin increased the levels of p-p53, p-H2A.X, and PARP after 48 h of treatment. As shown by confocal microscopy, casticin affected the translocation of DNA-PKcs and p-p53 to the nucleus of TSGH-8301 cells. CONCLUSION: Casticin decreased viability of human bladder cancer cells through DNA damage.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Dano ao DNA , Reparo do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Metilases de Modificação do DNA/metabolismo , Enzimas Reparadoras do DNA/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase Ativada por DNA/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/metabolismo , Transativadores/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
20.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 103(11): 4511-4523, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982107

RESUMO

XYR1 is the key transcription activator for cellulase gene expression in the model filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei, which is widely applied in the industry due to its excellent capability of secreting a large quantity of cellulases. Despite the essential role of XYR1, the regulation of its expression in T. reesei cellulolytic response is poorly understood. In this study, we identified a transcription factor RXE1 exhibiting strong binding activity to the xyr1 promoter using yeast one-hybrid screen. RXE1 homologs exist in quite a few filamentous fungi but none of them have been assessed regarding their functional involvement in plant cell wall degradation. Knockdown of rxe1 in T. reesei using a copper-mediated RNAi system not only abrogated conidiation, but also remarkably compromised xyr1 and cellulase gene expression. The defective cellulase but not conidia production in the rxe1-knockdown strain was fully rescued by the constitutive expression of XYR1. Our study thus identified a novel transcriptional regulator controlling xyr1 and cellulase gene expression, which will contribute to elaborating the intricate network of cellulase gene regulation in T. reesei.


Assuntos
Celulase/biossíntese , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reguladores , Transativadores/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Trichoderma/genética , Trichoderma/metabolismo , Celulase/genética , DNA Fúngico/metabolismo , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Testes Genéticos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Ligação Proteica
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