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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(3): 55-60, set./dez. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1121756

RESUMO

Para o sucesso no tratamento endodôntico é necessário a limpeza e modelagem dos condutos radiculares. Para isso, utilizam-se algumas técnicas de preparo dos canais com o intuito de remover o conteúdo patológico, visando sanar o canal radicular. Após um preparo cuidadoso e preciso, a obturação que acompanha a técnica escolhida deve apresentar um selamento adequado e preencher o sistema radicular com a finalidade de substituir o conteúdo natural ou patológico dos condutos por materiais inertes tolerados pelos tecidos periapicais. Com isso, o objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar por meio de radiografia digital, a qualidade de preenchimento de canais simulados retos quando os mesmos foram preparados manualmente e obturados utilizando condensação lateral e Mcsppaden e preparados com o sistema rotatório e obturados com a técnica de cone único. Para este estudo foram utilizados 20 blocos de canais radiculares simulados retos com comprimento de 21 mm. Estes blocos foram divididos em terços (cervical, médio e apical) em dois grupos que foram avaliados como ruim, bom e muito bom, onde foram obturados de duas formas diferentes, um grupo utilizando a técnica da condensação lateral mais emprego de Mcspadden e no outro grupo obturação com cone único após o preparo com o sistema mecanizado Protaper Universal. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste Qui-quadrado de Person e Teste Exato de Fisher com nível de significância de 95%. Os resultados obtidos apresentaram diferença significativas entre os terços obturados com as duas técnicas. Pode-se concluir, considerando a metodologia empregada e os resultados obtidos, que há diferença entre as duas técnicas obturadoras em relação a qualidade de preenchimento dos canais radiculares(AU)


Successful endodontic treatment requires cleaning and shaping of the root ducts. For this, some techniques of canal preparation are used in order to remove the pathological content, aiming to remedy the root canal. After careful and accurate preparation, the obturation accompanying the chosen technique must be properly sealed and fill the root system in order to replace the natural or pathological contents of the ducts with inert materials tolerated by the periapical tissues.Thus, the aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate by digital radiography the quality of filling of straight simulated channels when they were manually prepared and filled using lateral condensation and Mcsppaden and prepared with the rotary system and filled with the technique of single cone. For this study 20 blocks of simulated straight root canals with a length of 21 mm were used. These blocks were divided into thirds (cervical, middle and apical) into two groups that were evaluated as bad, good and very good, where they were filled in two different ways, one using the lateral condensation technique plus Mcspadden's and the other single cone obturation group after preparation with the Protaper Universal mechanized system. Data were submitted to Person Chi-square test and Fisher Exact Test with a significance level of 95%. The obtained results showed significant difference between the thirds filled with the two techniques. It can be concluded, considering the methodology employed and the results obtained, that there is a difference between the two obturator techniques in relation to the filling quality of the root canals(AU)


Assuntos
Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Guta-Percha , Tecido Periapical , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Preparo de Canal Radicular
2.
Head Face Med ; 16(1): 27, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33203420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To report the outcome of guided endodontic treatment (GET) of a case of dentin dysplasia with pulp canal calcification (PCC) and apical periodontitis based on the use of a 3D-printed template designed by merging cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and surface scan data. CASE PRESENTATION: A 12-year old female with radicular dentin dysplasia type I (DD-1) presented for endodontic treatment. Radiography revealed PCC in all teeth and apical radiolucency in seven teeth (12, 15, 26, 31, 32, 36 and 46). Tooth 36 had the most acute symptoms and was thus treated first by conventional access cavity preparation and root canal detection. Despite meticulous technique, the distal and mesiolingual canals were perforated. The perforations were immediately repaired with mineral trioxide aggregate, and the decision was made to switch to guided endodontic treatment for the remaining 6 teeth. CBCT and intraoral surface scans were acquired and matched using coDiagnostix planning software (Dental Wings Inc.), the respective drill positions for root canal location were determined, and templates were virtually designed and 3D-printed. The template was positioned on the respective tooth, and a customized drill was used to penetrate the calcified part of the root canal and perform minimally invasive access cavity preparation up to the apical region. All root canals were rapidly and successfully located with the templates. At 1-year follow-up, clear signs of apical healing were present in all treated teeth. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with dentin dysplasia, conventional endodontic therapy is challenging. GET considerably facilitates the root canal treatment of teeth affected by dentin dysplasia.


Assuntos
Displasia da Dentina , Periodontite Periapical , Criança , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Cavidade Pulpar/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
3.
Braz Dent J ; 31(5): 516-522, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146336

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) in measuring radicular dentin thickness focused on intraradicular post placement planning treatment. Ten single-rooted human premolars were selected. The teeth were divided into three segments (cervical, middle and apical). The coronal face of the apical and middle sections was selected for the dentin thickness assessment; which was measured from the external root surface to the root canal wall, on the buccal, lingual, mesial, and distal surfaces of each tooth. In situ anatomical measurement was the reference standard, and the corresponding axial CBCT imaging were evaluated by the i-CAT software. The one-way ANOVA test and the Bonferroni post hoc test were applied to compare the groups (p>0.05). CBCT imaging measurements (p=0.003) overestimated the radicular dentin thickness compared to the reference standard. Descriptive analysis showed that the greatest difference between the reference standard and the tomographic measurement means were 0.20 mm. One-way ANOVA test found the statistical significant difference among group's measurements. Bonferroni correction demonstrated statistically significant difference only related lingual surface for the CBCT imaging measurements. CBCT imaging measurements overestimated the radicular dentin thickness. However, the measurement difference was clinically acceptable.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Raiz Dentária , Dente Pré-Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Cavidade Pulpar , Dentina/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem
4.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(5): 525-531, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085236

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to treat calcified root canal and assess the accuracy of guided endodontics using laser melting templates. METHODS: Two cases with calcified anterior teeth were treated with laser melting templates. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) was used to scan the maxillary teeth of patients before surgery to establish the root canal system model. The maxillary impression of the patient was made and it was scanned by a 3D scanner. The CBCT scans were matched with surface scans of plaster model. Mimics 19.0 and 3-matic 11.0 software were used to design the virtual planning to access cavities. The templates were produced by laser melting 3D printing. Access cavity was prepared under the guidance of laser melting template. Then the deviations of planned and prepared cavities in three dimensions and angle were measured. RESULTS: The two teeth obtained satisfactory results. The first case had a angle deviation of 1.77°, a drilling base deviation of 0.403-0.497 mm, and a tip of 0.433-0.537 mm. The second case had a angle deviation of 3.26°, a drill base deviation of 0.18-0.347 mm, and a tip of 0.310-0.463 mm. CONCLUSIONS: Laser melting template-guided endodontics is an effective technique for the treatment of calcified root canal and can be used as a new strategy for the treatment of calcified canal.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Endodontia , Cavidade Pulpar , Humanos , Lasers , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
5.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(4): 621-624, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107466

RESUMO

A good access cavity preparation is the gateway to success in endodontic treatment. This article presents occlusal landmarks that can be used as the boundary for the endodontic access at the occlusal surfaces of maxillary and mandibular molars. Further this article gives a structure or landmark guided three simple stages of preparation to reach the pulp chamber. This assures an ideal access cavity reducing the risk of dentin gouging and eliminating iatrogenic deleterious events. All canal orifices will be within this boundary and can often be located easily.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Raiz Dentária
6.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(4): 662-665, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107475

RESUMO

National identity programs like Aadhaar in India can play an unique role in identification of an individual and has numerous beneficial applications for the government and the citizens. The biometric records of finger prints and iris provided in the database can be useful for the forensic purpose. In unfortunate incidence of disasters, accidents, and criminal cases such as severe burnings, the identification of the victims is possible through dental profiling where fingerprint matching is not possible. Endodontic treatment includes the radiography for diagnosis of the lesion, during working length determination, obturation, and various other procedures. The variations in tooth anatomy and morphology, post-endo restorations, root canal fillings, and sometimes, endodontic mishaps are recorded in these radiographs. This record can play an important role in identification of a person in case of unfortunate happenings. So, it is suggested to include dental profiling in National Identification programs, and the purpose of this article is to highlight the role of root canal procedures in dental profiling.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Biometria , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Índia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
7.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(7): 748-755, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020357

RESUMO

AIM: The association between oral health and overall health has been broadly documented in the past few years and is supported by a rapidly growing body of evidence. Interventional studies were able to establish a linkage between dental intervention and its influence on medical situations. This study tried to determine whether the overall health of a subject may be correlated to radiographically noticeable dental pathology. There was a need to test a null theory of whether subjects having good oral health state had fewer systemic illnesses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective panoramic radiographic study of 400 radiographs of 200 women and 200 men. Subjects were divided into a control group of subjects with no medical history, and a second group with patients who had presented with a medical history. A panoramic radiograph was observed for periapical radiolucency, caries, remaining teeth, remaining root, horizontal, and vertical bone loss. The oral index (OI) was calculated and correlated with the medical status of the patient. RESULTS: Men demonstrated a higher incidence of horizontal bone loss and missing teeth. On the contrary, women showed higher incidences of vertical bone loss, compromised periapical index, and a greater number of root canal treated teeth. Patients having a medical history had a significant percentage of the increased number of periapical lesions, tooth loss, poor quality root canal treatment, and periapical index. Patients with both diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension [HTN (61.3%)], anemia (75%), prostate disease (100%), and disabilities such as hearing impairment and mental retardation (100%) had significantly higher percentages of the bad OI. CONCLUSION: Most patients with medical history demonstrated a significantly poor OI than those with no medical history. The present research contributes to scientific works by probing the relationship between oral health and the overall well-being. Increasing the sample size and interventional studies are needed as an extension of the current research. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Panoramic radiograph is commonly practiced as a screening radiograph in a dental setup. By calculating an OI of each patient based on certain dental conditions, it can help in revealing the burden of medical diseases on oral health and vice versa.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Doenças da Boca , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Radiografia Panorâmica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
8.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(6): 657-665, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025935

RESUMO

AIM: The present study aimed to investigate the total number of visits required to conclude root canal treatments (RCTs) as well as the motivations associated to the choice of dentists practicing in low-income areas of Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 3,103 questionnaires were electronically and individually delivered to professionals of Salvador, Sergipe, and Alagoas (Brazil). The questionnaire encompassed sociodemographic data and questions regarding the number of sessions required to conclude RCT. Also, postoperative pain, professional qualification, the use of technological resources, and time for one-visit treatment were evaluated. Data were analyzed using Chi-square and Poisson regression analyses (p < 0.05). RESULTS: A total of 326 responses were obtained with higher prevalence of specialists in the field of endodontics (36.8%). Dentists reported greater preference for rotary instrumentation (Alagoas 54.6%, Aracaju 62.1%, and Salvador 83.5%), and most of the participants reported multiple visits to treat root canals with the necrotic pulp tissue associated or not to periapical radiolucency, excluding Salvador (53.8%). Dentists who graduated in public dental schools were less likely to perform RCT of necrotic teeth with periapical lesion in one clinical appointment (p = 0.034). The single-session therapy was positively associated to continuing education attendance (p = 0.004) and to the occurrence of clinical complications (p < 0.001). Dentists who graduated in lato sensu programs were more likely to conclude RCT in less than 60 minutes (p < 0.001), although the occurrence of postoperative pain was more likely observed upon this scenario (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Despite the social inequalities in the analyzed area, professionals have been seeking for knowledge by means of continuing education programs and the implementation of technological resources in their clinical routine, although this fact has poorly influenced the acceleration of RCT. Clinical significances: The total number of visits to conclude endodontic treatment may be influenced by both professional and biological parameters such as the attendance to postgraduation programs and the use of technology as well as to the biological condition of the pulp and the occurrence of postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Brasil/epidemiologia , Assistência Odontológica , Necrose da Polpa Dentária , Humanos
9.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(5): 32-37, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034174

RESUMO

THE AIM OF THE STUDY: Was to identify the features of the anatomical structure of the root canals of teeth according to CBCT data in patients in different age groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients of europeoid race, both sexes, who have indications for endodontic treatment (60 people), were divided into three groups: group 1 (young) 20 people aged 18 to 44 years, group 2 (middle age) 20 people - from 45 to 60 years, group 3 (elderly) 20 people - from 61 to 75 years old. To assess the root canal anatomy, all patients underwent x-ray examination (CT) on a Vatech computed tomography and analyzed with the Ez3D plus program before beginning endodontic treatment. The object of study was the first molars of the lower jaw (distal root canal). RESULTS: The analysis of axial, sagittal, coronal sections of the first molar of the lower jaw revealed that patients belonging to the 1st group, the distal root canal often had an oval shape all over (95%) and over a wide apical opening, in only one case out of 20 (5%) were identified at slit-like form of the distal root canal, probably due to malocclusion or as a consequence of increased abrasion of teeth. In group 2, two independent root canals were identified in the distal root of the first lower molar (in 65%), extending from the tooth cavity to the apex.in 35% of cases, the distal root canal began with a single entrance in the oral part and bifurcated into two separate channels at about the level of 2 /3 canals, then re - joined into a single apical opening, in group 3, in 75% of cases, a slit-like form of the distal root canal was observed. The obtained CLCT data (taking into account the image error) were confirmed in the clinic at the stage of endodontic treatment using optical magnification (microscope). CONCLUSION: CBCT and operation microscopy with x40 magnification data showed clear age-dependent variations of first lower molar distal root canal anatomy.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Mandíbula , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
10.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 325-328, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043354

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the effect and long-term success rate of using glass fiber post or metal post in restoration of anterior tooth defect. METHODS: One hundred and fifty cases with anterior tooth defects were chosen after root canal therapy in our hospital. According to different material being chosen, the patients were divided into fiber post group and metal post group with 75 cases in each group. Local gingival sulcus fluid (GCF) levels and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level in gingival sulcus liquid were measured and compared 4 weeks, 6 months, 1 year, 2 years and 3 years after restoration. Restoration integrity, edge fitness and color matching of two groups were compared after follow-up for 3 years. The data were analyzed with SPSS 19.0 software package. RESULTS: Four weeks, 6 months, and 1 year after restoration, local GCF, ALP levels significantly elevated in both groups. The fiber post group showed more significant elevated levels of GCF and ALP than the metal post group (P<0.05). After 2 and 3 years, the difference between the two groups was not significant. The gingival color matching degrees were significantly better in the glass fiber post group after 1 year compared with that in the metal post group(P<0.05). The success rate of metal post group was significantly higher than that of fiber post group 3 years after restoration(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Fiber post and metal post both have satisfactory restoration result for tooth defect in anterior teeth area. However, the use of precious metal alloy post may reduce the possibility of microleakage between tooth-prosthesis surfaces.


Assuntos
Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Vidro , Humanos , Metais , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
15.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(3): e2945, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126522

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: Los selladores endodónticos desempeñan un papel crucial en la obturación, dado que dichos materiales, no solo actúan en el momento de su aplicación, sino que continúan haciéndolo con posterioridad, protegiendo al periodonto apical contra los organismos microbianos presentes. Precisamente, una de las propiedades deseadas en los selladores endodónticos es que posean acción antimicrobiana, para eliminar las bacterias remanentes después de la irrigación e instrumentación. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión sistemática del efecto antibacteriano de diferentes selladores endodónticos más utilizados en odontología contra Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis). Métodos: Esta revisión sistemática se llevó a cabo siguiendo los lineamientos PRISMA. La búsqueda se realizó en las bases de datos PubMed y Science Direct. Se revisaron los artículos de estudios antimicrobianos in vitro de selladores endodónticos y se excluyeron aquellos de fuente secundaria, como los de revisión de la literatura, así como artículos sobre cementos para otros usos. Desarrollo: Los cementos a base de hidróxido de calcio, resina o biocerámicos son biocompatibles y presentan algún porcentaje de actividad antimicrobiana; sin embargo, se puede apreciar que existe variabilidad en los resultados obtenidos en los estudios incluidos en la revisión, debido al uso de condiciones diferentes para la evaluación antibacteriana, excepto en los selladores endodónticos a base de silicona, los cuales tuvieron, de forma consistente, un efecto antibacterial nulo contra E. faecalis. Conclusión: De acuerdo a la bibliografía revisada, los selladores AH Plus, AH 26, TotalFill, BC Sealer y MTA Fillapex exhibieron efecto antimicrobiano, sin embargo, algunos de ellos mostraron escasa actividad contra E. faecalis(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Endodontic sealers play a crucial role in sealing, for they not only act at the moment of their application, but continue to do so later, protecting the apical periodontium against microbial organisms. One of the properties desired in endodontic sealers is precisely their antimicrobial action against bacteria remaining after irrigation and instrumentation. Objective: Carry out a systematic review about the antibacterial effect of the endodontic sealers most commonly used in dental practice against Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis). Methods: The systematic review was based on PRISMA guidelines. The search was conducted in the databases PubMed and Science Direct. Papers were reviewed which dealt with in vitro antimicrobial studies about endodontic sealers, excluding secondary sources such as literature reviews and papers about cements used for other purposes. Discussion: Cements based on calcium hydroxide, resin or bioceramic are biocompatible and display some percentage of antimicrobial activity. However, variability was observed in the results obtained by the studies in the review, due to the use of different conditions for antibacterial evaluation, except for silicone-based endodontic sealers, which consistently displayed no antibacterial activity against E. faecalis. Conclusion: According to the bibliography reviewed, the sealers AH Plus, AH 26, TotalFill, BC Sealer and MTA Fillapex had an antimicrobial effect. However, some of them displayed scant activity against E. faecalis(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/uso terapêutico , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Cimentos Dentários/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Bases de Dados Bibliográficas
16.
Braz Dent J ; 31(4): 353-359, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901709

RESUMO

The aim of this prospective, randomized, clinical study was to analyze the influence of occlusal adjustment on the prevalence of postoperative pain after endodontic treatment. Seventy-eight patients, diagnosed with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis with indication for endodontic treatment, were selected to participate in the study. The participants were randomized and divided into two groups: in the occlusal adjustment group (OAG), endodontic treatment was performed with subsequent occlusal adjustment. In the control group (CG), endodontic treatment was performed without occlusal adjustment. Treatments were performed by the same operator. Pain occurrence and intensity were recorded on two scales: the verbal rating scale (VRS) and numerical rating scale (NRS). Pain assessment was carried out by a second examiner, blinded to the experiment, 6, 24 and 72 h after endodontic treatment. Data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney, chi-squared, and Fisher's exact tests. In the occlusal adjustment group, 71.1% reported postoperative pain and 67.5% reported pain in the control group. At the 6-hour assessment, 21 individuals reported pain in the occlusal adjustment group and 24 in the control group (p=0.672). At the 24-hour assessment, 18 and 19 individuals reported pain (p=0.991) and at the 72-hour assessment, 8 and 4 reported pain (p=0.219), respectively. Occlusal adjustment did not influence the prevalence of postoperative pain of endodontically treated teeth with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Humanos , Ajuste Oclusal , Dor Pós-Operatória , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(3): 248-250, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893661

RESUMO

Treatment of necrotic immature permanent anterior teeth with Portland cements apical plug. The long-term success of endodontic treatment depends on the quality of the apical and coronal seal. In necrotic immature teeth the treatment can be challenging for the clinician as the endodontic anatomy and the presence of bacterial infection need to be addressed with special techniques and materials in order to obtain an effective and biocompatible apical seal. Unfortunately, despite the best treatments, immature permanent teeth have a reduced resistance to fracture due to the arrest of root walls development.


Assuntos
Necrose da Polpa Dentária , Endodontia , Criança , Dentição Permanente , Humanos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21761, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872071

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Three root canals (mesiobuccal, distobuccal and palatal) are rarely found (frequency <1%) in the maxillary central incisor even though root canal morphology in maxillary premolars is highly variable. Therefore, research papers showed that dentists can easily miss the root canals in diagnosis and inflammatory diffusion; which could cause unsuccessful root canal treatment leading to various possible infections and no change in original inflammations. In this report, the diagnose and clinical management of an unusual case of a maxillary center incisor with three independent roots and three root canals is presented, along with a demonstration of using CBCT (Cone Beam Computed Tomography) and collaborate with other departments to successfully accomplish an accurate diagnosis of the morphology and quantity of the root canal system. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was referred to clinic for his repeatedly abscessed in the gums of the left upper central incisor. DIAGNOSES: Based on clinical and radiographic evidences, the patient was tentatively diagnosed with a chronic periapical periodontitis for #21 tooth. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was performed with the conventional root canal treatment and then clinical observed. OUTCOMES: At the second visit after 7 days, the patient was not sensitive to percussion. After operation for 3 months, and found that the sinus opening had not healed. Then, the patient was undergone with the periodontal flap surgery to remove root infection for 2 weeks. LESSONS: From this clinical case, the lesson learned is that the previous clinical experiences cannot be used to make judgments or decisions; it requires specific analysis from the information gathered through CBCT(Cone Beam Computed Tomography)and the cooperation between different departments to come up with a responsible decision. In any stomatological hospitals, due to the large number of departments and the strong specialized focuses for each department; it is very important to encourage and support the cooperation between the departments, to limit any judgment bias due to lack of knowledge and maximize each department's strengths.


Assuntos
Incisivo/anormalidades , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Variação Anatômica , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/cirurgia , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
19.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238790, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903275

RESUMO

The potential mechanical impact of different rotary systems used for root canal preparation has been a matter of debate for long. The aim of this study was to explore the incidence of dentinal cracks after root canal instrumentation with various rotary systems, in vitro. One hundred and eighty intact lower central incisors were selected and randomly divided into fourteen treatment groups (n = 12/group) and a control group (n = 12). After decoronation, the root canals were instrumented with fourteen different rotary systems (E3, E3 azure, NT2, Hyflex CM, Hyflex EDM, 2Shape, OneCurve, ProTaper Next, ProTaper Gold, WaveOne Gold, Mtwo, Reciproc Blue, TF adaptive, K3XF). All roots were horizontally sectioned at 3, 6, and 9 mm from the apex with a low-speed saw under water-cooling. The slices were then examined under stereomicroscope for dentinal cracks. No cracks were found in the control group. Cracks were found in all treatment groups, predominantly in the 3 mm slices. There was no statistically significant difference in the number of cracks when comparing the different systems to each other at any section level. At 3 mm, however, five of the studied systems, namely K3XF (p = 0.004), Protaper Next (p = 0.001), Reciproc Blue (p<0.001), TF adaptive (p = 0.050), and 2Shape (p = 0.009) presented a significantly higher number of cracks than the control group. Within the limitations of this study, instrumented canals presented dentinal cracks, while uninstrumented ones presented no cracks after sectioning. There seems to be no significant difference among the tested systems regarding crack formation in the instrumented root canal wall. Crack formation occurred irrespective of the motion of the rotary system (rotational or reciprocation). Further studies are needed to clarify the factors that contribute to crack formation in the case of each individual rotary system.


Assuntos
Níquel , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Titânio , Ligas Dentárias , Dentina/lesões , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos
20.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 20(3): 101467, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921387

RESUMO

ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Association between diabetes and the outcome of root canal treatment in adults: an umbrella review. Nagendrababu V, Segura-Egea JJ, Fouad AF, Pulikkotil SJ, Dummer PMH. Int Endod J 2020;53(4):455-66. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Authors declared that no funding was received to support the study. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Umbrella review (ie, overarching systematic review of systematic reviews).


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Diabetes Mellitus , Adulto , Humanos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
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