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1.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 38(1): 79-83, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174633

RESUMO

Aim: Single- and multiple-visit root canal treatment has been the subject of long-standing debate in the endodontic community, so the purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of postoperative flare-up after single- and multiple-visit endodontic therapy in permanent teeth. Materials and Methods: A total of 65 children aged >10 years who underwent root canal treatment were randomly categorized equally into two treatment groups: the first group underwent single-visit treatment, and the other group underwent multiple-visit therapy. The visual analog scale was employed to evaluate pain preoperatively and postoperatively after obturation. Recall visits were carried out after 1 week, 1 and 3, 6 and 9 months. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 15.0 was employed for statistical analysis. Results: Except at the baseline, at all the other time intervals, the mean pain score in the multiple-visit group was higher as compared to that of the single-visit group; statistically no significant difference was found. Conclusion: The mean pain score in the single-visit group was lower as compared to that of the multiple-visit group; however, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P > 0.05).


Assuntos
Dentição Permanente , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Criança , Humanos , Incidência , Dor , Medição da Dor
2.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 38(1): 84-87, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174634

RESUMO

Periostitis ossificans (PO) is a type of osteomyelitis stemming from an odontogenic infection, generally found in children and adolescents, and often leads to the loss of the involved tooth. This case presents a less invasive alternative for the treatment of PO. A 10-year-old patient presented with an asymmetrical increase in the left side of the mandible. Tooth 36 exhibited pulp necrosis and incomplete root formation. Radiographically, the bone in the region had the appearance of the layers of an onion. Computed tomography indicated periosteal bone proliferation in the region of the ramus and angle of the mandible adjacent to the vestibular cortical bone. Therapy involved root canal preparation and intracanal medication with calcium hydroxide in tooth 36. Complete remission of the condition occurred within 14 months. In conclusion, endodontic intervention is a less invasive alternative and should be considered to minimize the negative impact of tooth loss in children.


Assuntos
Doenças Mandibulares , Osteomielite , Periostite , Adolescente , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Criança , Necrose da Polpa Dentária , Humanos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
3.
Braz Dent J ; 31(1): 37-43, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159704

RESUMO

The objective of this in vivo study was to assess the effect of the root canal irrigation by negative and positive apical pressure on the expression of molecules that are an indicative of cell differentiation with mineralizing phenotype in teeth of dogs with incomplete rhizogenesis and induced periapical lesion. A total of 30 teeth (60 roots) were distributed into 3 groups (n=20): EndoVac®, Conventional and Control. After 90 days, the routine histotechnical procedures were performed and the sections were submitted to immunohistochemical technique for the staining of osteopontin (OPN), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and the RUNX2 transcription factor in the apical and periapical regions of the roots. A semi-quantitative analysis of the positive immunostaining was performed and the intensity of the expression was classified in absent (0), mild (1), moderate (2), or intense (3). Scores data were statistically analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test and Dunn post-test, and the significance level was set at 5%. RUNX2 immunostaining revealed that in the negative pressure group there was a significantly stronger (p<0.05) immunostaining in comparison to the control group. Regarding the OPN expression, it was not possible to detect a statistically significant difference between the groups (p>0.05). After analyzing ALP immunostaining, a statistically significant difference was observed between the groups (p<0.05), and the negative pressure group showed a markedly stronger mark immunostaining than the control group. The results of the present in vivo study allowed concluding that negative apical pressure irrigation presents mineralizing potential in immature teeth with apical periodontitis.


Assuntos
Periodontite Periapical , Dente , Animais , Cães , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
4.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(1): 33-37, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125299

RESUMO

In the course of the present study four endodontic treatment schemes were tested and the most effective scheme was determined through the use of calcium hydroxide-based paste being applied three times at an interval of 7-14 days with the subsequent long-term temporary obturation using calcium hydroxide with iodoform, ultrasonic activation of sodium hypochlorite in the root canal, hydrodynamic irrigation and a diode laser. During the entire treatment period, the most effective scheme has revealed a reduction in defect size by 2,57±0,17 (p>0,0001) as well as a 1,84 degree (p>0,0001) decrease in PAI score. Based on optical density data, it was concluded that the application of calcium hydroxide with iodoform in the treatment scheme leads to an 2,2-4,2% improvement in bone tissue regeneration in the periapical zone. The greatest and complete inhibition of microorganisms was determined in patients of the first and third experimental groups in which a diode laser was used. The use of a diode laser in endodontic dental treatment with periapical destruction, enhances antibacterial activity and contributes to the complete inhibition of pathogenic microflora in the root canals.


Assuntos
Periodontite Periapical , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Humanos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Hipoclorito de Sódio
6.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 34(1 Suppl. 1): 33-37, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064833

RESUMO

An ideal scenario for a tooth in necrosis with immature root would be to continue root development after the regeneration of pulp tissue. We report a case, where the regenerative endodontic procedure (REP) was done using biodentine as a scaffold in an immature mandibular molar tooth.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/terapia , Dente Molar , Endodontia Regenerativa , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Seguimentos , Humanos , Regeneração , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
7.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 44(1): 15-19, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995420

RESUMO

Regenerative endodontic therapy (RET) provides a novel treatment modality for the immature teeth with pulp necrosis. The aim of this case series was to evaluate RET of immature permanent teeth using platelet rich fibrin (PRF) at 36-month follow-up periods. In the present case series, three immature maxillary incisors diagnosed with pulp necrosis and apical periodontitis were treated with RET. The root canals were irrigated with 1.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and medicated with triple antibiotic paste(TAP). At the second visit, TAP was removed and root canals were conditioned with 17% EDTA. PRF was used as a scaffold. MTA was placed over PRF and the teeth were restored with composite resin. Periapical radiographs and cone beam computerized tomography(CBCT) were used to evaluate the healing. At the end of the 36-month follow-up periods, there was no response to pulp sensibility tests with cold and electric pulp tester, but all teeth showed decreased periapical lesions or evidence of healing.


Assuntos
Periodontite Periapical , Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas , Necrose da Polpa Dentária , Humanos , Incisivo , Endodontia Regenerativa , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
8.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 23, 2020 01 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study, by using a variable-controlled survey model, sought to compare clinical decisions made by dentists with different clinical backgrounds in South Korea regarding teeth with apical periodontitis and to identify factors that influenced decision-making. METHODS: A questionnaire with 36 questions about identical patient information, clinical signs, and symptoms was filled out by participants. Each question referred to a radiograph that had been manipulated using computer software in order to control tooth-related factors. Participants were instructed to record their demographic information and choose the ideal treatment option related to each radiograph. Simple and multivariable logistic regression analyses (p < .05) were used to investigate factors related to the decision to extract the tooth. We divided factors into dentist-related factors (gender, years of experience, and professional registration) and tooth-related factors (tooth position, coronal status, root canal filling status, and size of the periapical radiolucency). Dentists were categorized into three groups, based on professional registration: general dental practitioners (GDPs), endodontists, and other specialists. Simple logistic regression analysis (p < .05) was used to evaluate the tooth-related factors influencing extraction, depending on the dentists' specialty. RESULTS: Participants mostly preferred saving the teeth over extraction. This preference was highest among the endodontists, followed by other specialists and GDPs. Extractions were significantly preferred for molars, teeth with previous root canal fillings, and those with apical lesions greater than 5 mm. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that dentists' decision-making regarding teeth with apical periodontitis was associated with their work experience and specialty and influenced by tooth position, root canal filling status, and size of the apical lesion. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This survey revealed that clinical decision-making related to teeth with apical periodontitis was affected by dentists' specialty and work experience and by tooth-related factors, such as tooth position, root canal filling status, and size of the apical lesion.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica/métodos , Odontólogos/psicologia , Periodontite Periapical , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite Periapical/diagnóstico , Periodontite Periapical/terapia , República da Coreia , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
J Endod ; 46(2): 301-306, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31889582

RESUMO

The present report describes a case of permanent labiomandibular paresthesia subsequent to a root canal treatment in a molar in which a bioceramic sealer extrusion occurred. A 23-year-old black woman attended the endodontics clinic at university, complaining of loss of sensation in the mucosa and skin on the right side of her face in the lower lip region, which began after an endodontic treatment in the second lower right molar. A bioceramic sealer (MTA; Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) was used to fill the canals. The periapical radiographic examination revealed an amount of extruded sealer by mesial and distal roots reaching the interior of the mandibular canal. Then, treatment with a corticosteroid and a vitamin B complex was initiated, and demarcation of the affected area was performed. One week later, paresthesia was still present in equal intensity in the affected area. Thirty-nine days elapsed after the endodontic therapy; the paresthesia continued, encompassing the same area, although with a small reduction in intensity. In the following 6 months, a very subtle decrease in intensity but not in the affected area was noticed. From 6 months to 1 year, no changes were observed. According to the patient's report, the paresthesia affected her quality of life in several aspects. The short distance between the root apices and the upper cortical bone of the mandibular canal seemed to have acted as a predisponent factor to the present long-term paresthesia. In conclusion, bioceramic sealers may also induce permanent facial paresthesia, if extruded.


Assuntos
Parestesia , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Parestesia/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/efeitos adversos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Endod ; 46(2): 184-191, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31889585

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the root canal system morphology of mandibular incisors by means of micro-computed tomographic imaging. METHODS: The root canal configuration, physiological foramina, frequency of accessory and connecting canals, and the size and shape of the physiological foramina of 125 mandibular incisors were investigated by means of micro-CT and 3-dimensional imaging software. Root canal configuration of the coronal, middle, and apical thirds and the physiological foramina number are described by a 4-digit system code. RESULTS: The most frequent root canal configurations were 1-1-1/1 (56%), 1-2-1/1 (17.6%), and 1-1-1/2 (10.4%); 9 additional different root canal configurations were observed. Single-rooted incisors showed in 80% 1, in 16% 2, and in 4% 3 physiological foramina, respectively. Accessory canals were found in only 13.6% of the investigated teeth. Connecting canals were observed in 36% of the sample, most often in root canal configurations 1-2-1/1 (12.8%) and 2-2-1/1 (7.2%). The morphologic dimensions of a total of 146 physiological foramina were measured. Their mean wide and narrow diameters were 0.24 mm (standard deviation = 0.1 mm) and 0.23 mm (standard deviation = 0.08 mm) when only 1 physiological foramen was present. The physiological foramen shapes observed were oval (56%), round (28.8%), and irregular (15.2%). CONCLUSIONS: The study provides detailed information about the root canal morphology of anterior teeth in a German population. Within the limitations of the study, the authors recommend according to results obtained in this investigation a final physiological foramen preparation size of ISO 30-35; yet, such a decision should be carefully considered on an individual basis.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Incisivo , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Humanos , Mandíbula , Raiz Dentária , Microtomografia por Raio-X
11.
Quintessence Int ; 51(2): 100-107, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31942571

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to assess the influence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) on the evolution of pulpal and periapical pathology. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Two reviewers independently conducted a systematic search for articles published between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2018 on MEDLINE/PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and Scopus databases. An additional manual search was also carried out. RESULTS: Ten studies fulfilling the inclusion criteria were included in the review (two longitudinal studies with 1-year follow-up comparing the success of primary root canal treatment between type 2 diabetic patients and non-diabetic patients, and eight cross-sectional studies). Analysis of the ten studies showed that inadequate control of type 2 DM may predispose and influence the inflammatory pulpal and periapical disease evolution. CONCLUSIONS: The present systematic review suggests that there are biologic bases to suggest that type 2 DM may act as a risk factor for developing an endodontic pathology, affecting the course of the disease in terms of susceptibility, prevalence, progression, and tissue healing capacity as a consequence of a disrupted immune response. However, more well-designed clinical investigations carrying out suitable research methodologies are needed to elucidate the influence of type 2 DM on the pulpal and periapical disease evolution.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Doenças Periapicais , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
12.
Swiss Dent J ; 130(1): 31­35, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904205

RESUMO

Inflammation-related pathologies such as apical periodontitis or radicular cysts are frequent lesions of the jawbones. Typically, a radiolucency is present that is not always distinguishable from other pathologies. A surgical approach would allow for tissue harvesting with further histopathologic processing. However, in the present case report of a cystic and large tunnelling lesion in the anterior maxilla, a conservative treatment with diagnostic needle aspiration and subsequent root-canal therapy was chosen. The long-term follow-up (eight years) including cone-beam computed tomography demonstrates a complete healing of the former bone defect with reestablishment of the vestibular and palatal cortices as well as absence of pain and other clinical symptoms.


Assuntos
Periodontite Periapical , Cisto Radicular , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Maxila , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
13.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(3): 197-202, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: In this case report, the authors aim to review the standard protocols for endodontic treatment of autotransplanted molars and report on the 5-year follow-up of a clinical transplantation case. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors transplanted a mandibular third molar into the position of the adjacent second molar. The authors performed extraoral apicoectomy and retrograde restoration after atraumatic extraction of the donor tooth and before transplantation. The authors did not perform conventional orthograde root canal treatment after transplantation. The patient was followed up 5 years after the autotransplantation. Results of follow-up radiography showed a regular root surface without evidence of periapical lesions or root resorption. CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: If appropriate sterility of the working field is maintained during surgery and a tight apical seal is achieved during the extraoral treatment, orthograde endodontic treatment should be delayed or avoided.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Molar , Seguimentos , Humanos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Transplante Autólogo
14.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 30(2): 225-233, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663231

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulpectomy is a technique recommended for treatment of irreversible pulp inflammation or necrosis. Treatment-related variables and patient factors may affect the prognosis of pulpectomy. AIM: To investigate the survival and related predictors associated with failure of pulpectomies performed under general anaesthesia for early childhood caries. DESIGN: Dental records of 124 patients, who underwent pulpectomy as part of comprehensive dental treatment under general anaesthesia, were reviewed and assessed. Relapse of pulpitis and periodontal periodontitis were evaluated by clinical examination and periapical film assessment at each follow-up appointment after original treatment. RESULTS: A total of 389 teeth of 124 children were evaluated. By the end of the fourth year, 45% of teeth with pulpitis and 46% of teeth with periapical periodontitis were estimated to relapse; the median (interquartile range) number of years to relapse was 3.5 (3.4-3.8) and 3.0 (1.8-3.0) years, respectively. The follow-up frequency, number of teeth extracted, plaque index, tooth position, type of restoration, pulp status, and quality of root canal filling were observed to have independent effects on relapse. CONCLUSION: Recurrence came earlier in teeth diagnosed with periapical periodontitis than those with pulpitis. Both treatment-related variables and patient factors could affect the prognosis of pulpectomy.


Assuntos
Periodontite Periapical , Pulpectomia , Anestesia Geral , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Humanos , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Dente Decíduo
15.
J Endod ; 46(1): 44-50, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740065

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The goal of regenerative endodontic treatment (RET) is to regenerate the pulp-dentin complex in immature teeth with pulp necrosis. There is no consensus in using RET in previously treated teeth. This article reports on long-term outcomes of RET in previously treated immature teeth. METHODS: Previously treated immature teeth with signs/symptoms of failure were included. After local anesthesia and rubber dam isolation, the root canal filling material was removed without the use of chemical solvents. The root canals were irrigated with 6% sodium hypochlorite using an EndoVac (Kerr Endodontics, Culver City, CA), and a creamy mix of metronidazole and ciprofloxacin was placed in the canals for 4 weeks. At the second visit, the antibiotic dressing was removed using 17% EDTA. Bleeding was induced into the root canal space, and SynOss Putty (Collagen Matrix Inc, Oakland, NJ) was placed. Bioceramic putty was placed over the SynOss Putty, and the teeth were restored at a subsequent visit. RESULTS: Five teeth in 4 patients were included. The patients' ages ranged from 14-46 years. Recall examinations were performed from 20 to 72 months with an average of 54.4 months. The apical openings of the teeth ranged from 1-3.7 mm. All teeth were functional and asymptomatic at the recall visits. All periapical lesions resolved with partial or complete mineralization of the root canals, and all teeth showed partial to complete apical closure at the follow-up visits. CONCLUSIONS: RET can be a viable option for nonsurgical retreatment of immature teeth. This article adds a new perspective to the field of regenerative endodontics.


Assuntos
Necrose da Polpa Dentária , Endodontia , Endodontia Regenerativa , Adolescente , Adulto , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/terapia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Retratamento , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Adulto Jovem
16.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(1): 465-473, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797172

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Systematic review analyzing the treatment outcomes of cracked teeth that received endodontic treatment is unavailable. The purpose of this study was to examine the treatment outcome of cracked teeth that received root canal treatment and to determine factors that influenced outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The specific PIO questions were as follows: Population: patients who were healthy individuals ≥ 18 years old and required root canal treatment due to cracked tooth; Intervention: root canal treatment with at least 1 year in occlusal function; Outcomes: survival rate and pre-operative factors. Ovid, PubMed, and Cochrane databases were searched in conjunction with hand searching. Pooled survival rates were determined from a meta-analysis of the data retrieved from the articles. All statistics were performed by the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software. RESULTS: Four articles met the inclusion criteria. The overall tooth survival at 60 months was 84.1% (95%CI, 72.3-91.5%). Although no pre-operative factors had statistical significance, 4 factors had possible clinical significance. Teeth with single crack and teeth with cracks contained within crowns exhibited lower extraction risk, while teeth with pre-treatment periodontal probing > 3 mm and teeth that were terminal abutments showed a greater risk of extraction. CONCLUSION: This systematic review determined the survival rate of endodontically treated cracked teeth to be moderately high. More studies in this area are, however, warranted before definitive conclusions can be derived. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: In view of the relatively high survival rate, endodontic treatment rather than extraction should be considered for cracked teeth.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Dente Quebrado , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Adolescente , Adulto , Síndrome de Dente Quebrado/terapia , Coroas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190100, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This clinical study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of passive ultrasonic activation (PUA) in eliminating microorganisms in primary endodontic infection (PEI) after instrumentation of root canals using microbiological culture and checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization. METHODOLOGY: Twenty root canals with PEI and apical periodontitis were selected. The root canals were instrumented and then randomly divided into 2 groups, according to the irrigation method: PUA and conventional needle irrigation (CNI). Microbiological samples were collected before instrumentation (S1), after instrumentation (S2) and after irrigation with 17% EDTA (S3). The samples were subjected to anaerobic culture technique and checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization analysis. RESULTS: A statistically significant difference was found between CNI (23.56%) and PUA (98.37%) regarding the median percentage values for culturable bacteria reduction (p<0.05). In the initial samples, the most frequently detected species was S. constellatus (50%), and after root canal treatment was E. faecalis (50%). CONCLUSION: Both treatments significantly decreased the number of bacterial species compared with the initial sample. However, no statistical difference in the total microbial load between PUA and CNI groups was detected. The number of cultivable anaerobic bacteria reduced significantly using PUA, and the bacterial composition and number of bacterial species after using either CNI or PUA was similar.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/microbiologia , Periodontite Periapical/terapia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Terapia por Ultrassom/instrumentação , Adolescente , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Carga Bacteriana , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Sondas de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Hipoclorito de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Irrigação Terapêutica/instrumentação , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Terapia por Ultrassom/métodos , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Endod ; 46(1): 116-123, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761331

RESUMO

The current American Association of Endodontists clinical considerations for a regenerative endodontic procedure state that a regenerative procedure is suitable for immature permanent teeth with necrotic pulp when the pulp space is not needed for a post/core in the final restoration. Therefore, many immature permanent teeth with necrotic pulp that have sustained a substantial loss of coronal tooth structure either from caries or trauma are treated by apexification or mineral trioxide aggregate/Biodentine (Septodent, Lancaster, PA) apical barrier techniques in which no further root maturation would occur. This case series presents 10 immature permanent teeth with necrotic pulp in which a post/core was likely required in the future for adequate coronal restoration because of loss of substantial coronal tooth structure and a modified apexification procedure was used. All 10 cases after the modified apexification procedure showed no clinical symptoms/signs and showed radiographic evidence of healed/healing of periapical lesion after a 2-year review. Eight cases showed increased thickness of the apical root canal walls, increased apical root length, and apical closure. The overall percentage change in root length was 7.52%, in root width at the apical one third it was 18.89%, and in radiographic root area it was 15.04% at the 24- to 72-month follow-up period. This modified apexification procedure allows for the tooth to be restored with a post/core if required for the final restoration in the future as well as continued root development.


Assuntos
Apexificação , Necrose da Polpa Dentária , Periodontite Periapical , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/terapia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Óxidos , Periodontite Periapical/terapia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Silicatos , Ápice Dentário
19.
Int Endod J ; 53(2): 276-284, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519031

RESUMO

AIM: To understand whether the self-efficacy of undergraduates is associated with the extent of the endodontic education they received. METHODOLOGY: Data were obtained from three undergraduate endodontic programmes in two universities: Aarhus University (AU), Denmark and the Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), the Netherlands. Just before their graduations in 2016 or 2017, students completed a questionnaire that contained the Endodontic General Self-Efficacy Scale and questions on how they valued the education they received in Endodontics. The information on the number and type of root canal treatments participants had performed on patients was collected from dental clinic management systems. Data were ana-lysed using non-parametric tests and multiple regression analyses. RESULTS: The median number of treated root canals on patients per student was 5 in the standard programme at ACTA, 10 in AU, and 14.5 in the extended programme at ACTA. Students' self-efficacy increased with the number of treated root canals; however, retreatments and root canal treatments in molars were negatively associated with self-efficacy. All students wanted more experience in performing root canal treatment on patients. CONCLUSIONS: The endodontic self-efficacy of students from the standard programmes of the two participating universities was comparable. Students' self-efficacy was influenced mostly by their clinical experience when performing root canal treatment. It seems that the more root canal treatments students perform on patients, the greater their self-efficacy is at graduation. However, treating difficult cases (molars and retreatments) might reduce their self-efficacy.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Estudantes de Odontologia , Dinamarca , Educação em Odontologia , Humanos , Países Baixos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Autoeficácia
20.
Int Endod J ; 53(2): 265-275, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519039

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the influence of ultraconservative endodontic cavities (UEC) on canal shaping and filling ability, cleaning of the pulp chamber, time required to perform root canal treatment and fracture resistance of 2-rooted maxillary premolars in comparison with traditional endodontic access cavities (TEC) in extracted teeth placed in a phantom head to simulate clinical conditions. METHODOLOGY: Twenty extracted intact 2-rooted maxillary premolars were scanned in a micro-computed tomographic device, matched based on similar anatomical features of the canals and assigned to UEC or TEC groups (n = 10). Then, teeth were mounted on a mannequin head and their pulp chamber accessed. After canal preparation, filling and cavity restoration, the time required to perform root canal treatment was recorded and the specimens were loaded to fracture in a universal testing machine. The maximum load at fracture was recorded. The sample was scanned after root canal instrumentation, filling and restoration procedures. Untouched canal areas, accumulation of hard-tissue debris (AHTD), voids in root fillings and cleaning of the pulp chamber were analysed. Data were analysed statistically using Shapiro-Wilk and Student's t-tests with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: The percentage of untouched canal area did not differ significantly between UEC and TEC groups (P > 0.05). However, UECs were associated with a greater percentage of AHTD after canal preparation (P < 0.05). No differences were observed in terms of voids in root fillings between the groups (P > 0.05). Nonetheless, UEC had a greater percentage of root filling remnants in the pulp chamber after cleaning procedures (P < 0.05). The time required to perform root canal treatment was significantly longer in the UEC group (P < 0.05). There was no difference regarding the mean load at fracture between the groups (P > 0.05). Unrestorable fractures were observed in all specimens of both groups. CONCLUSIONS: There was no true benefit associated with ultraconservative endodontic cavities. UEC resulted in more AHTD remaining inside the root canals. UEC did not influence the quality of root fillings; however, UEC made the cleaning procedure of the pulp chamber more difficult, thus increasing the total time required to perform root canal treatment. Moreover, UEC were not associated with an increase in fracture resistance of root filled 2-rooted maxillary premolars.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Dente Pré-Molar , Humanos , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
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