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1.
Zootaxa ; 4838(4): zootaxa.4838.4.7, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056806

RESUMO

The known cicada fauna of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is identified. Calyria hyperochelabrys n. sp., Carineta trinidadensis n. sp., and Herrera grammosticta n. sp. are described as new. The first records of Fidicinoides descampsi Boulard Martinelli, 1996, Proarna hilaris (Germar, 1834), Guyalna bogotana (Distant, 1892a), Majeorona aper (Walker, 1850), Taphura boulardi Sanborn, 2011a, Carineta matura Distant, 1892b, and Herrera nigropercula Sanborn, 2020b are provided. The first reports for the genera Guyalna Boulard Martinelli, 1996, Majeorona Distant, 1905d, Calyria Stål, 1862, Carineta Amyot Audinet-Serville, 1843 and Herrera Distant, 1905c and the tribes Parnisini Distant, 1905e and Carinetini Distant, 1905c are represented by the records for the new species and new records. The first records of Proarna hilaris (Germar, 1830) for Anegada, Antigua, Grenada, Canoun Island, Mayreau Island and Union Island in the Grenadines, Little St. James, Little Thatch Island, Montserrat, Mosquito Island, and St. Kitts, Proarna palisoti (Metcalf, 1963a) for Navarro Island, Majeorona aper (Walker, 1850) for Grenada, and Ariasa albimaculosa Sanborn, 2016c for Bonaire are provided to increase the known distributions of these species and the Caribbean fauna. The currently known cicada fauna for Trinidad is increased here to 15 species representing ten genera, four tribes and two subfamilies. Only Quesada gigas (Olivier, 1790) is known currently from Tobago.


Assuntos
Culicidae , Hemípteros , Animais , Trinidad e Tobago
2.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237675, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797066

RESUMO

RNA interference (RNAi), a technique used to investigate gene function in insects and other organisms, is attracting attention as a potential new technology for mosquito control. Saccharomyces cerevisiae (baker's yeast) was recently engineered to produce interfering RNA molecules that silence genes required for mosquito survival, but which do not correspond to genes in humans or other non-target organisms. The resulting yeast pesticides, which facilitate cost-effective production and delivery of interfering RNA to mosquito larvae that eat the yeast, effectively kill mosquitoes in laboratory and semi-field trials. In preparation for field evaluation of larvicides in Trinidad, a Caribbean island with endemic diseases resulting from pathogens transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, adult residents living in the prospective trial site communities of Curepe, St. Augustine, and Tamana were engaged. Open community forums and paper surveys were used to assess the potential acceptability, societal desirability, and sustainability of yeast interfering RNA larvicides. These assessments revealed that Trinidadians have good working knowledge of mosquitoes and mosquito-borne illnesses. A majority of the respondents practiced some method of larval mosquito control and agreed that they would use a new larvicide if it were proven to be safe and effective. During the community engagement forums, participants were educated about mosquito biology, mosquito-borne diseases, and the new yeast larvicides. When invited to provide feedback, engagement forum attendees were strongly supportive of the new technology, raised few concerns, and provided helpful advice regarding optimal larvicide formulations, insecticide application, operational approaches for using the larvicides, and pricing. The results of these studies suggest that the participants are supportive of the potential use of yeast interfering RNA larvicides in Trinidad and that the communities assessed in this investigation represent viable field sites.


Assuntos
Aedes/genética , Engenharia Genética/métodos , Controle de Mosquitos/métodos , Interferência de RNA , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Adulto , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Larva/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mosquitos Vetores/genética , Controle Biológico de Vetores/métodos , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Características de Residência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Trinidad e Tobago
4.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 245-252, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618448

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe oral health knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of parents and caregivers of preschool children in order to inform an oral health promotion strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of parents and caregivers of children attending nine randomly selected preschools in central Trinidad were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire on early childhood oral health. RESULTS: A total of 309 parents and caregivers participated: 88% were female, 74.4% were of Indian ethnicity, with 50.4% in manual employment, and 50.2% educated to secondary level. 59.1% felt a child's first dental visit should be when all primary teeth are present. 64% had not taken their child for a dental visit. 81.6% rated their child's oral health as good or better and 28% would want an asymptomatic, decayed primary tooth extracted rather than filled. Over 80% used fluoride toothpaste. 52.8% always supervised their child's toothbrushing, and 44% claimed to be using the recommended pea-size amount. 26.2% reported having used a sweetened feeding bottle or infant feeder at night. CONCLUSION: Parents and caregivers of preschool children in this sample had reasonable oral health knowledge. However, despite generally positive attitudes towards preventive oral healthcare, confusion regarding dental attendance, supervised toothbrushing, fluoride use and sugar intake suggests that these items require particular emphasis in oral health promotion programmes aimed at improving early childhood oral health.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Cuidadores , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pais , Escovação Dentária , Trinidad e Tobago
5.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234499, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516322

RESUMO

There is a global lack of data concerning shark consumption trends, consumer attitudes, and public knowledge regarding sharks. This is the case in Trinidad and Tobago, where shark is a popular culinary delicacy. A Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (KAP) survey was conducted in Trinidad and Tobago. Six hundred and seven questionnaires were administered. Univariate and stepwise multivariate logistic regressions were performed to test the association between KAP and demographic categories. The response rate was 93.4% with 567 questionnaires returned (473 from Trinidad and 94 from Tobago). Two hundred and seventeen (38.3%) participants were knowledgeable, 422 (74.4%) displayed attitudes in favour of shark conservation and sustainable use, and 270 (47.6%) displayed practices promoting shark conservation and sustainable use. Island (AOR = 2.81, CI = 1.78, 4.46) and tertiary education (AOR = 2.31, CI = 1.20, 4.46) significantly influenced knowledge level. Gender (AOR = 1.50, CI = 1.02, 2.20) and island (AOR = 0.56, CI = 0.35, 0.90) significantly influenced attitude. Gender (COR = 1.59, CI = 1.14, 2.22) was significantly associated with practices. Over 70% of respondents ate shark, and 54.7% ate shark infrequently enough to avoid risks from heavy metal toxicity. Our results may be useful to develop public awareness and practice improvement initiatives in order to improve KAP regarding shark meat consumption.


Assuntos
Preferências Alimentares , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Tubarões , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Carne , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alimentos Marinhos , Sorogrupo , Trinidad e Tobago
6.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 103(2): 590-592, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524961

RESUMO

Trinidad and Tobago, a small island developing state, has been ranked as number one in a report published by the University of Oxford that assessed responses to COVID-19 based on four of the six WHO criteria for rolling back COVID-19 "lockdown" measures. The key mitigation and containment strategies implemented by the country were evidence-informed and demonstrated an "all-of-government" approach. The COVID-19 health system response of this country demonstrates that although developing countries face many health system challenges, political will, evidence-informed decision-making, respect for science, and timely, coordinated, collaborative actions can strengthen the resilience and response of the health system during a health emergency.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Países em Desenvolvimento , Programas Governamentais , Comunicação em Saúde/normas , Humanos , Liderança , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Trinidad e Tobago
7.
Port of Spain; Ministry of Health, Trinidad and Tobago; June 4, 2020. 2 p. tab.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-1099473

RESUMO

In it's response to safeguard the country in the face of the global COVID-19 outbreak, the Trinidad and Tobago, Ministry of Health continues to provide up-to-date information of the country's response to this situation [Au]


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trinidad e Tobago , Coronavirus , Região do Caribe , Meios de Comunicação
8.
Port of Spain; Ministry of Health; May 1, 2020. 2 p.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-1096676

RESUMO

In its response to safeguard the country in face of the global COVID-19 outbreak, the Trinidad and Tobago, Ministry of Health continues to provide up-to-date information of the country's response to this situation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trinidad e Tobago , Coronavirus , Região do Caribe , Meios de Comunicação
9.
Port of Spain; Ministry of Health; May 1, 2020. 2 p.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-1096679

RESUMO

In its response to safeguard the country in face of the global COVID-19 outbreak, the Trinidad and Tobago, Ministry of Health continues to provide up-to-date information of the country's response to this situation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trinidad e Tobago , Coronavirus , Região do Caribe , Meios de Comunicação
10.
Port of Spain; Ministry of Health; May 2, 2020. 2 p.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-1096680

RESUMO

In its response to safeguard the country in face of the global COVID-19 outbreak, the Trinidad and Tobago, Ministry of Health continues to provide up-to-date information of the country's response to this situation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trinidad e Tobago , Coronavirus , Região do Caribe , Meios de Comunicação
11.
Port of Spain; Ministry of Health; May 2, 2020. 2 p.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-1096682

RESUMO

In its response to safeguard the country in face of the global COVID-19 outbreak, the Trinidad and Tobago, Ministry of Health continues to provide up-to-date information of the country's response to this situation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trinidad e Tobago , Coronavirus , Região do Caribe , Meios de Comunicação
12.
Port of Spain; Ministry of Health; May 2, 2020. 2 p.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-1096684

RESUMO

In its response to safeguard the country in face of the global COVID-19 outbreak, the Trinidad and Tobago, Ministry of Health continues to provide up-to-date information of the country's response to this situation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trinidad e Tobago , Coronavirus , Região do Caribe , Meios de Comunicação
13.
Port of Spain; Ministry of Health; May 3, 2020. 2 p.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-1096686

RESUMO

In its response to safeguard the country in face of the global COVID-19 outbreak, the Trinidad and Tobago, Ministry of Health continues to provide up-to-date information of the country's response to this situation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trinidad e Tobago , Coronavirus , Região do Caribe , Meios de Comunicação
14.
Port of Spain; Ministry of Health; May 4, 2020. 2 p.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-1097096

RESUMO

In its response to safeguard the country in the face of the global COVID-19 outbreak, the Trinidad and Tobago, Ministry of Health continues to provide up-to-date information of the country's response to this situation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trinidad e Tobago , Coronavirus , Região do Caribe , Meios de Comunicação
15.
Port of Spain; Ministry of Health; May 5, 2020. 2 p.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-1097097

RESUMO

In its response to safeguard the country in the face of the global COVID-19 outbreak, the Trinidad and Tobago, Ministry of Health continues to provide up-to-date information of the country's response to this situation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trinidad e Tobago , Coronavirus , Região do Caribe , Meios de Comunicação
16.
Port of Spain; Ministry of Health; May 5, 2020. 2 p.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-1097100

RESUMO

In its response to safeguard the country in the face of the global COVID-19 outbreak, the Trinidad and Tobago, Ministry of Health continues to provide up-to-date information of the country's response to this situation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trinidad e Tobago , Coronavirus , Região do Caribe , Meios de Comunicação
17.
Port of Spain; Ministry of Health; May 5, 2020. 2 p.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-1097104

RESUMO

In its response to safeguard the country in the face of the global COVID-19 outbreak, the Trinidad and Tobago, Ministry of Health continues to provide up-to-date information of the country's response to this situation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trinidad e Tobago , Coronavirus , Região do Caribe , Meios de Comunicação
18.
Port of Spain; Ministry of Health; May 6, 2020. 2 p.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-1097106

RESUMO

In its response to safeguard the country in the face of the global COVID-19 outbreak, the Trinidad and Tobago, Ministry of Health continues to provide up-to-date information of the country's response to this situation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trinidad e Tobago , Coronavirus , Região do Caribe , Meios de Comunicação
19.
Port of Spain; Ministry of Health; May 6, 2020. 2 p.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-1097107

RESUMO

In its response to safeguard the country in the face of the global COVID-19 outbreak, the Trinidad and Tobago, Ministry of Health continues to provide up-to-date information of the country's response to this situation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trinidad e Tobago , Coronavirus , Região do Caribe , Meios de Comunicação
20.
Port of Spain; Ministry of Health; May 8, 2020. 2 p.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-1097109

RESUMO

In its response to safeguard the country in the face of the global COVID-19 outbreak, the Trinidad and Tobago, Ministry of Health continues to provide up-to-date information of the country's response to this situation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Trinidad e Tobago , Coronavirus , Região do Caribe , Meios de Comunicação
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