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1.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(7): e201900708, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531541

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of astragaloside IV (As-IV) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats and reltaed mechanisms. METHODS: Sixty rats were randomly divided into sham-operated, control I/R and 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg As-IV groups, 12 rats in each group. The later three groups were intragastrically administered with As-IV for 7 days, with a dose of 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg, respectively. The myocardial I/R injury model was constructed in later four groups. At the end of reperfusion, the cardiac function indexes, serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK) levels, heart weight (HW)/body weight (BW) ratio and infarct size, and expressions of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase/serine-threonine protein kinase (PI3K/AKT) and glycogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK-3ß) proteins and the phosphorylated forms (p-AKT, p-GSK-3ß) were determined. RESULTS: Compared with control I/R group, in 5 and 10 mg/kg As-IV groups the left ventricular systolic pressure, fractional shortening and ejection fraction were increased, the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was decreased, the serum LDH and CK levels were decreased, the HW/BW ratio and myocardial infarct size were decreased, and the p-Akt/Akt ratio and p-GSK-3ß/GSK-3ß ratio were increased (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: As-IV can alleviate the myocardial I/R injury in rats through regulating PI3K/AKT/GSK-3ß signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Saponinas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Masculino , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Fosforilação , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(39): 10871-10879, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517482

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of triterpenoids from edible mushroom Poria cocos on intestinal epithelium integrity and revealed the transcriptional regulatory pathways that underpin restorative mechanisms in the gut. Based on computational docking studies, transcriptional activation experiments and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) protein immunofluorescence localization assays in cultured cells, 16α-hydroxytrametenolic acid (HTA) was discovered as a novel GR agonist in this study. HTA ameliorates TNF-α-induced Caco-2 monolayer intestinal epithelial barrier damage and suppressed activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (Akt), which attenuated downstream IκB and nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) phosphorylation through GR activation. Moreover, HTA prevented NF-κB translocation into the nucleus and binding to its cis-element and suppressed lipopolysaccharide-induced downstream NO production and pro-inflammatory cytokines at both protein and mRNA expression levels. In conclusion, HTA from P. cocos improves intestinal barrier function through a GR-mediated PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway and may be potentially exploited as a supportive dietary therapeutic strategy for restoring gut health.


Assuntos
Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Wolfiporia/química , Células CACO-2 , Humanos , Proteínas I-kappa B/genética , Proteínas I-kappa B/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , NF-kappa B/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/genética , Fosforilação , Extratos Vegetais/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/química , Verduras/química
3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(37): 10330-10341, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469960

RESUMO

Fomitopsis pinicola (Sw. Ex Fr.) Krast has been commonly used as a health food source and antitumor agent. To uncover bioactive key composition of F. pinicola, in our study, we investigated the chemical constituents of a methanol extract of F. pinicola and thirty-five lanostane-type tritetpenoids; 13 new compounds (1-13) and twenty-two known analogues (14-35) were isolated. Among them, compounds 1-9 were C30 lanostane triterpenoids and triterpene sugar esters, while compounds 10-13 were C31 triterpenoids and triterpene sugar esters. Their structures and absolute configurations were elucidated by extensive 1D, 2D NMR, MS, and IR spectra. Furthermore, cytotoxic activities of all isolates against five human tumor cell lines (HL-60, A549, SMMC-7721, MCF-7, and SW480) were evaluated. The results showed that compounds 12, 14, 17, 18, 22, and 23 displayed cytotoxic effects against five human tumor cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 3.92-28.51 µM. Meanwhile, compounds 9 and 35 exhibited selected inhibitory activities against HL-60, SMMC-7721, and MCF-7 with IC50 values in the range of 13.57-36.01 µM. Furthermore, the flow cytometry analysis revealed that compounds 17, 22, and 35 induced apoptosis in HL-60 cell lines. Their structure-activity relationships were preliminarily reported. These findings indicate the vital role of triterpenoids and their glycosides in explaining antitumor effects of F. pinicola and provide important evidence for further development and utilization of this fungus.


Assuntos
Coriolaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Verduras/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
4.
J Med Microbiol ; 68(10): 1438-1444, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385784

RESUMO

Introduction. Combretum leprosum (Combretaceae) is commonly found in the Northeast Region of Brazil and is known for several bioactivities, including antimicrobial ones. Because of increasing bacterial antibiotic resistance, natural products from several plants have been studied as putative adjuvants to antibiotic activity, including products from C. leprosum. Aims. This study was carried out to investigate the structural properties, bactericidal activity and antibiotic modifying action of the lupane triterpene 3ß,6ß,16ß-trihydroxylup-20(29)-ene (CLF1) isolated from C. leprosum Mart. leaves.Methods. The CLF1 was evaluated by the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy method and the antibacterial activity of this compound was assayed alone and in association with antibiotics by microdilution assay.Results. Spectroscopic studies confirmed the molecular structure of the CLF1 and permitted assignment of the main infrared bands of this natural product. Microbiological assays showed that this lupane triterpene possesses antibacterial action with clinical relevance against Staphylococcus aureus. The CLF1 triterpene increased antimicrobial activity against the multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli 06 strain when associated with the antibiotics gentamicin and amikacin. Synergistic effects were observed against the S. aureus 10 strain in the presence of the CLF1 triterpene with the antibiotic gentamicin.Conclusion. In conclusion, the CLF1 compound may be useful in the development of antibacterial drugs against the aforementioned bacteria.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Combretum/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Brasil , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Gentamicinas/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Folhas de Planta/química , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação
5.
Phytochemistry ; 166: 112076, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351331

RESUMO

Biotransformation of lupane-type triterpenoid betulin was carried out with Mucor subtilissimus CGMCC 3.2456. Yielded nine previously undescribed hydroxylated compounds. M. subtilissimus biotransformation provided C-7, C-11, C-15 and C-24 hydroxylated compounds along with C-7 oxidized and C-28 acetylated derivatives. The structures of the metabolites were established based on extensive NMR and HR-ESI-MS data analyses. Furthermore, we found that most of the metabolites exhibited pronounced inhibitory activities on lipopolysaccharides-induced NO production in RAW264.7 cells.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Mucor/metabolismo , Triterpenos/metabolismo , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Biotransformação , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Células RAW 264.7 , Triterpenos/química
6.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104262, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284018

RESUMO

Eight undescribed 9,19-cycloartane type triterpenoid glycosides (cimdalglnoside A-H) and ten known analogues were obtained from the phytochemical research on the roots of Actaea dahurica (syn. Cimicifuga dahurica). All compounds were characterised by spectroscopic experiments, and chemical method. All the compounds isolated were assayed for cytotoxicity to five human cancer cell lines. Cimdalglnoside G showed promising cytotoxicities against Hela, and MCF-7 cell lines with IC50 values at 7.7 and 12.2 µM.


Assuntos
Actaea/química , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , China , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Células HeLa , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação
7.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104264, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299275

RESUMO

Five undescribed triterpene-type saponins, parkibicolorosides A-E, a cassane-type diterpene, and a known trimethoxy benzene glucoside were isolated from the roots of Parkia bicolor A. Chev. Their structures were elucidated by different spectroscopic methods including 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments as well as HR-ESI-MS analysis. Their cytotoxic activity against the chronic myeloid leukemia (K562) cell line was evaluated. The monosaccharides saponins exhibited a moderate antiproliferative activity with IC50 ranging from 48.49 ±â€¯0.16 to 81.66 ±â€¯0.17 µM.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Fabaceae/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Saponinas/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Costa do Marfim , Humanos , Células K562 , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Saponinas/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(11): 2331-2337, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359660

RESUMO

Astragaloside Ⅳ(AS-Ⅳ) has protective effects against ischemia-reperfusion injury(IRI), but its mechanism of action has not yet been determined. This study aims to investigate the protective effects and mechanism of AS-Ⅳ on H9c2 cardiomyocyte injury induced by hypoxia-reoxygenation(H/R). The H/R model of myocardial cells was established by hypoxic culture for 12 hours and then reoxygenation culture for 8 hours. After AS-Ⅳ treatment, cell viability, the reactive oxygen species(ROS) levels, as well as the content or activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD), malondialdehyde(MDA), interleukin 6(IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha(TNF-α), were measured to evaluate the effect of AS-Ⅳ treatment. The effect of AS-Ⅳ on HO-1 protein expression and nuclear Nrf2 and Bach1 protein expression was determined by Western blot. Finally, siRNA was used to knock down HO-1 gene expression to observe its reversal effect on AS-Ⅳ intervention. The results showed that as compared with the H/R model group, the cell viability was significantly increased(P<0.01), ROS level in the cells, MDA, hs-CRP and TNF-α in cell supernatant and nuclear protein Bach1 expression in the cells were significantly decreased(P<0.01), while SOD content, HO-1 protein expression in cells and expression of nuclear protein Nrf2 were significantly increased(P<0.01) in H/R+AS-Ⅳ group. However, pre-transfection of HO-1 siRNA into H9c2 cells by liposome could partly reverse the above effects of AS-Ⅳ after knocking down the expression of HO-1. This study suggests that AS-Ⅳ has significant protective effect on H/R injury of H9c2 cardiomyocytes, and Nrf2/Bach1/HO-1 signaling pathway may be a key signaling pathway for the effect.


Assuntos
Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Saponinas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/metabolismo , Hipóxia Celular , Células Cultivadas , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(11): 2338-2347, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359661

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to observe the combination therapy with total triterpenoids of Chaenomeles speciosa and omeprazole on indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in rats, and explore its possible mechanism. Rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, omeprazole monotherapy(3.6 mg·kg~(-1)) group, total triterpenoids of C. speciosa monotherapy(100 mg·kg~(-1)) group, total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole combination therapy(100 mg·kg~(-1)+3.6 mg·kg~(-1)) group. Except for the normal group, the other groups were given indomethacin(20 mg·kg~(-1)) by oral once a day for 7 consecutive days. Then the treated groups were given corresponding drugs by gavage, once a day for 14 consecutive days. The next day after the last administration, half of the rats in each group were measured the gastric mucosal blood flow, gastric juice volume and serum TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-4 and IL-10. After the remaining rats in each group were underwent pyloric ligation 4 hours after the last administration, the gastric endocrine volume, pH value and total acidity of gastric secretion were measured, then histological analysis was performed, MPO activity, cAMP content and histomorphological analysis were conducted. Real-time PCR was applied to detect the mRNA expressions of gastric tissue TNF-α,IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-4, IL-10, VEGFA, A_(2A)R; the protein expressions of VEGFA, A_(2A)R, PKA, p-PKA, CREB, p-CREB, EGF, EGFR, p-EGFR, MUC6, TFF2 in gastric tissue were detected by Western blot. The results indicated that total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole combination therapy might significantly increase gastric mucosal blood flow, gastric mucus volume, reduce gastric endocrine volume, secretion acidity and mucosal damage, decrease the levels of TNF-α,IL-1ß and IL-6, increase the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 in blood and gastric tissue, inhibit the activity of MPO, increase the content of cAMP in gastric tissue, up-regulate the mRNA expressions of VEGFA, A_(2A)R and protein expressions of VEGFA, A_(2A)R, PKA, p-PKA, CREB, p-CREB, EGF, EGFR, p-EGFR, MUC6, TFF2 in gastric tissue, elevate p-PKA/PKA, p-CREB/CREB and p-EFGR/EFGR. Moreover, the combination therapy with total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole was more obvious than those of two monotherapies. These aforementioned findings suggested that the combination therapy with total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole on indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer have significant therapeutic effect on indomethacin induced gastric ulcer in rats, its mechanism might be related to regulating A_(2A)R/AKT/CREB, A_(2A)R/VEGFA, EGF/EGFR and MUC6/TFF2 signaling pathways, inhibiting pro-inflammatory factors, increasing gastric mucosal blood flow, up-regulating mucosal cell proliferation factors and promoting mucosal protective factors.


Assuntos
Omeprazol/farmacologia , Rosaceae/química , Úlcera Gástrica/tratamento farmacológico , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Citocinas , Mucosa Gástrica , Indometacina , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Úlcera Gástrica/induzido quimicamente , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
10.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(8): e1900325, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290253

RESUMO

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a lethal malignancy, and the progress toward long-term survival has stagnated in recent decades. Pristimerin, a quinone methide triterpenoid isolated from the Celastraceae and Hippocrateaceae families, is well-known to exert potential anticancer activities. In this study, we investigated the effects and the mechanisms of action on CML. We found that pristimerin inhibited cell proliferation of K562 CML cells by causing G1 phase arrest. Furthermore, we demonstrated that pristimerin triggered autophagy and apoptosis. Intriguingly, pristimerin-induced cell death was restored by an autophagy inhibitor, suggesting that autophagy is cross-linked with pristimerin-induced apoptosis. Further studies revealed that pristimerin could produce excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS), which then induce JNK activation. These findings provide clear evidence that pristimerin might be clinical benefit to patients with CML.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Células K562 , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Triterpenos/química
11.
Eur J Med Chem ; 179: 667-679, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279299

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is associated with a high percentage of recurrence of tumors and resistance to chemotherapy. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for cancer progression, tumor recurrence, metastasis, and chemoresistance. Thus, developing CSC-targeting therapy is an urgent need in cancer research and clinical application. In an attempt to achieve potent and selective anti-CSC agents, a series of celastrol derivatives with cinnamamide chains were synthesized and evaluated for their anti-ovarian cancer activities. Most of the compounds exhibited stronger antiproliferative activity than celastrol, and celastrol derivative 7g with a 3,4,5-trimethoxycinnamamide side chain was found to be the most potent antiproliferative agent against ovarian cancer cells with an IC50 value of 0.6 µM. Additionally, compound 7g significantly inhibited the colony formation ability and reduced the number of tumor spheres. Furthermore, compound 7g decreased the percentage of CD44+, CD133+ and ALDH+ cells. Thus, compound 7g is a promising anti-CSC agent and could serve as a candidate for the development of new anti-ovarian cancer drugs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triterpenos/síntese química , Triterpenos/química , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Life Sci ; 232: 116662, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323271

RESUMO

AIMS: Vascular endothelial cells act as a selective barrier between circulating blood and vessel wall and play an important role in the occurrence and development of cardiovascular diseases. Astragaloside IV (As-IV) has a protective effect on vascular endothelial cells, but its underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study is aimed at investigating the effect of As-IV on endothelial dysfunction (ED). METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) were injected intraperitoneally with 65 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ) to induce diabetes and then administered orally with As-IV (40, 80 mg/kg) for 8 weeks. Vascular function was evaluated by vascular reactivity in vivo and in vitro. The expression of calpain-1 and eNOS in the aorta of diabetic rats was examined by western blot. NO production was measured using nitrate reductase method. Oxidative stress was determined by measuring SOD, GSH-px and ROS. RESULTS: Our results showed that As-IV administration significantly improved diabetes associated ED in vivo, and both NAC (an antioxidant) and MDL-28170 (calpain-1 inhibitor) significantly attenuated hyperglycemia-induced ED in vitro. Meanwhile, pretreatment with the inhibitor l-NAME nearly abolished vasodilation to ACh in all groups of rats. Furthermore, As-IV increased NO production and the expression of eNOS in the thoracic aorta of diabetic rats. In addition, the levels of ROS were significantly increased, and the activity of SOD and GSH-px were decreased in diabetic rats, while As-IV administration reversed this change in a concentration-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that As-IV improves endothelial dysfunction in thoracic aortas from diabetic rats by reducing oxidative stress and calpain-1.


Assuntos
Calpaína/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Hiperglicemia/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Saponinas/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Animais , Aorta Torácica/efeitos dos fármacos , Aorta Torácica/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Inibidores de Cisteína Proteinase/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Dipeptídeos/farmacologia , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/metabolismo , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estreptozocina , Vasodilatação/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1829-1835, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342709

RESUMO

The chemical constituents from methanol extract of Dichroa hirsuta were separated by silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography,high pressure preparative liquid chromatography( HPLC) and recrystallization. Their structures were elucidated by NMR and MS. Nine compounds were obtained and their structures were identified as 3ß,21α-O-diacetyl-lup-9( 11)-en-7ß-ol( 1),( Z)-methyl p-hydroxycinnamate( 2),cis-p-coumaric acid ethyl ester( 3),( E)-methyl p-hydroxycinnamate( 4),trans-p-coumaric acid ethyl ester( 5),4( 3 H)-quinazolinone( 6),7-hydroxycoumarin( 7),hydrangenol( 8) and thunberginol C( 9). Compound 1 is a new lupane-type triterpenoid,and compounds 1-5,8-9 were firstly isolated from this plant. Dual reporter assay results showed that compounds 2-5 could activate the Nrf2-ARE signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hydrangea/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação
14.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(4): 347-358, jul. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008172

RESUMO

Manilkara zapota (Sapotaceae), commonly known as Sapodilla, is widely known for its delicious fruit. Various parts of this plant are also used in folk medicine to treat a number of conditions including fever, pain, diarrhoea, dysentery, haemorrhage and ulcers. Scientific studies have demonstrated analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, cytotoxic, antimicrobial, antidiarrheal, anti-hypercholesteremic, antihyperglycemic and hepatoprotective activities in several parts of the plant. Phytochemical studies have revealed the presence of phenolic compounds including protocatechuic acid quercitrin, myricitrin, catechin, gallic acid, vanillic acid, caffeic acid, syringic acid, coumaric acid, ferulic acid, etc. as main constituents of the plant. Several fatty acids, carotenoids, triterpenes, sterols, hydrocarbons and phenylethanoid compounds have also been isolated from M. zapota. The present review is a comprehensive description focused on pharmacological activities and phytochemical constituents of M. zapota.


Manilkara zapota (Sapotaceae), comúnmente conocida como Sapodilla, es ampliamente conocida por su delicioso fruto. Variadas partes de esta planta se usan en medicina popular para tratar una serie de afecciones, como fiebre, dolor, diarrea, disentería, hemorragia y úlceras. Estudios científicos han demostrado actividad analgésica, antiinflamatoria, antioxidante, citotóxica, antimicrobiana, antidiarreica, antihipercolesterolémica, antihiperglucémica y hepatoprotectora en diferentes partes de la planta. Los estudios fitoquímicos han revelado la presencia de compuestos fenólicos que incluyen ácido protocatechúico, quercitrina, miricitrina, catequina, ácido galico, ácido vanílico, ácido cafeico, ácido sirínico, ácido cumárico, ácido fúnico y ácido ferúlico como componentes principales de la planta. Varios ácidos grasos, carotenoides, triterpenos, esteroles, hidrocarburos y compuestos feniletanoides también han sido aislados de M. zapota. La presente revisión es una descripción exhaustiva centrada en las actividades farmacológicas y los constituyentes fitoquímicos de M. zapota.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Manilkara/química , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Fenóis/farmacologia , Saponinas/isolamento & purificação , Saponinas/farmacologia , Esteróis/isolamento & purificação , Esteróis/farmacologia , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Carotenoides/isolamento & purificação , Carotenoides/farmacologia , Sapotaceae/química , Compostos Fenólicos/análise , Medicina Tradicional
15.
Anticancer Res ; 39(7): 3835-3845, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study examined the potential role of natural triterpenoids lupeol, calenduladiol and heliantriol B2, and a set of 19 derivatives, as antiproliferative and antimetastatic agents against prostate cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Natural triterpenoids were isolated from Chuqiraga erinaceae. Analogs were obtained by transformations of lupeol and calenduladiol. The effects of compounds on PC-3 and LNCaP cells were determined using the MTT assay. Compounds with half-maximal inhibitory concentration <70 µM were evaluated as antimetastatic agents by a wound-healing assay. RESULTS: Lupeol-3ß-sulfate, a new semisynthetic lupane, was the most active compound. In general, sulfated derivatives displayed higher activity than the lead against both cell lines. A new analog, calenduladiol-3ß-monosulfate, inhibited the migration of PC-3 cells; heliantriol B2 and 3ß-aminolupane inhibited the migration of LNCaP cells in a concentration-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: Our study provides novel agents with cytotoxic effects on prostate cancer cells, which may represent a potential new therapeutic approach for prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 131: 110537, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150782

RESUMO

Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) is an important immune checkpoint for cancer immunotherapy in clinic. In this study, we reported that platycodin D, a natural product isolated from an edible and medicinal plant Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A. DC., down-regulated the protein level of PD-L1 in lung cancer cells. Flow cytometry and immunofluorescence assay showed a weaker surface PD-L1 signal in NCI-H1975 cells after the incubation with platycodin D (10 µM) for 15 min compared to the control group. Jurkat T cells showed enhancive interleukin-2 secretion when co-cultured with platycodin D-treated NCI-H1975 cells, suggesting that platycodin D-induced PD-L1 reduction increases the activation of Jurkat T cells. An augmentation of PD-L1 protein was detected in the cell culture medium from platycodin D treatment group. Chlorpromazine (60 µM) almost abolished the platycodin D-mediated PD-L1 extracellular release and restored the membrane PD-L1. Finally, hemolysis assay exhibited that platycodin D-triggered PD-L1 extracellular release was independent of the hemolytic mechanism. Taken together, our study demonstrates that platycodin D reduces the protein level of PD-L1 in lung cancer cells via triggering its release into the cell culture medium, which sheds new light for the application of natural products in cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Saponinas/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Clorpromazina/farmacologia , Humanos , Interleucina-2/metabolismo , Células Jurkat , Transporte Proteico/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Eur J Med Chem ; 177: 302-315, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158746

RESUMO

Betulin-1,4-quinone hybrids were obtain by connecting two active structures with a linker. This strategy allows for obtaining compounds showing a high biological activity and better bioavailability. In this research, synthesis, anticancer activity and molecular docking study of betulin-1,4-quinone hybrids are presented. Newly synthesized compounds were characterized by 1H, 13C NMR, IR and HR-MS. Hybrids were tested in vitro against a panel of human cell lines including glioblastoma, melanoma, breast and lung cancer. They showed a high cytotoxic activity depending on the type of 1,4-quinone moiety and the applied tumor cell lines. It was found that cytotoxic activities of the studied hybrids were increasing against the cell line with higher NQO1 protein level, like melanoma (C-32), breast (MCF-7) and lung (A-549) cancer. Selected hybrids were tested on the transcriptional activity of the gene encoding a proliferation marker (H3 histone), a cell cycle regulators (p53 and p21) and an apoptosis pathway (BCL-2 and BAX). The obtained results suggested that the tested compounds caused a mitochondrial apoptosis pathway in A549 and MCF-7 cell lines. The molecular docking was used to examine the probable interaction between the hybrids and human NAD[P]H-quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) protein. The computational studies showed that the type of the 1,4-quinone moiety affected the location of the compound in the active site of the enzyme. Moreover, it was shown that an interaction of 1,4-quinone fragment with the hydrophobic matrix of the active site near Tyr128, Phe178, Trp105 and FAD cofactor could explain the observed increase of TP53 gene expression.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , NAD(P)H Desidrogenase (Quinona)/metabolismo , Quinonas/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Betula/química , Domínio Catalítico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , NAD(P)H Desidrogenase (Quinona)/química , Ligação Proteica , Quinonas/síntese química , Quinonas/química , Quinonas/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triterpenos/síntese química , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
18.
Chem Biol Interact ; 309: 108723, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228469

RESUMO

Ischemic preconditioning and pharmacological preconditioning are common strategies to prevent lethal myocardial injury, especially nutritional preconditioning (NPC). In this study, we investigated the effects of astragaloside IV (Ast), as an NPC agent, on myocardium suffered anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R) injury. Rats received 5 mg/kg Ast daily for 3 weeks by intragastric administration. Then, hearts were harvested and underwent A/R treatment using a Langendorff apparatus. Ast- pretreatment significantly promoted functional recovery of the myocardium, reduced infarct size, and oxidative stress, and decreased the apoptotic index. Similar findings were demonstrated in H9c2 cardiomyocytes that were pretreated with Ast for 24 h. Moreover, Ast-pretreatment significantly upregulated Bcl-2 expression, especially in mitochondria. The effects of Ast treatment against A/R injury were also reflected by increased antioxidant potential, inhibited reactive oxygen species (ROS) burst, increased oxygen consumption rate, maintained mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), inhibited mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening, and prevented apoptosis. Selective inhibition of Bcl-2 by ABT-737 decreased myocardial injury protection of Ast. Ast-pretreatment resulted in NPC- related effects against A/R, and mitochondria may be the target of a cascade of events elicited by upregulating Bcl-2 expression, promoting translocation of Bcl-2 into mitochondria, maintaining MMP, inhibiting ROS bursts, thereby leading to recovery of mitochondrial respiration, preventing mPTP opening, decreasing cytochrome C release, preventing apoptosis, and ultimately alleviating myocardial injury.


Assuntos
Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Saponinas/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/uso terapêutico , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocromos c/metabolismo , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Nitrofenóis/farmacologia , Nitrofenóis/uso terapêutico , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
19.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(3): 424-430, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218333

RESUMO

The present study was aimed to investigate the protective effect and anti-inflammation mechanism of astragaloside IV (AST-IV) on cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury. Following the establishment of cerebral ischemia and reperfusion model in rats by modified suture method, neurological deficit scores and cerebral infarct volume were used to evaluate the pharmacological effect of AST-IV against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of NLRP3, pro-Caspase-1, Caspase-1, pro-IL-1ß, IL-1ß, pro-IL-18, IL-18, phosphorylated and total nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)/p65 protein in the brain tissue. The results showed that compared with model group, the intervention of AST-IV decreased the neurological deficit scores, reduced the cerebral infarct volume, decreased the levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, pro-IL-1ß, IL-1ß, pro-IL-18 and IL-18, and inhibited the expression of phosphorylated NF-κB in brain tissue. The results suggest that AST-IV has a protective effect against cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury, and its mechanism is related to inhibiting the phosphorylation of NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome activation.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Saponinas/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
20.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104242, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202889

RESUMO

Seven oleanane-type glycosides were extracted and isolated by various chromatographic methods from the roots of Weigela x "Bristol Ruby" (1-7), six previously undescribed (1-6) and a known one (7). Their structures were assigned by spectroscopic analysis mainly 2D NMR and mass spectrometry (ESIMS). Selected triterpenoid glycosides (1-3, 6, 7) displayed a good cytotoxic activity against a mouse colon cancer cell line CT26.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Caprifoliaceae/química , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Ácido Oleanólico/análogos & derivados , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Ácido Oleanólico/isolamento & purificação , Ácido Oleanólico/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos/farmacologia
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