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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e252656, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345534

RESUMO

Abstract The genus Artemisia L. of the family Asteraceae is systematically very complex. The aim of this study was to evaluate taxonomic positions of taxa of the subgenus Artemisia belonging to the genus Artemisia in Turkey using some molecular techniques. In this molecular study, 44 individuals belong to 14 species of the subgenus Artemisia were examined. Analyses were performed on the combined dataset using maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference and Molecular parameters obtained from co-evaluations of sequences of the psbA-trnH, ITS and ETS regions of examined individuals were used in the phylogenetic tree drawing. According to the results of this study, two molecular groups have been formed based on the DNA sequence similarity of the species, but there are no obvious morphological characters corresponding to two molecular groups. There is no also agreement between the two molecular groups and the two morphological groups formed according to the hairiness condition of the receptacle of species. Due to the lack of molecular significance of their receptacles with or without hair, dividing of the subgenus Artemisia species into new subgenera or sections was not considered appropriate. Likewise, it has been found that with or without hair on the corolla lobes of the central hermaphrodite disc flowers have no molecular significance. It was found that there were no gene flow and hybridization between the 14 species of the subgenus Artemisia and these 14 species were found completed their speciation. This study is important as it is the first molecular based study relating with belong to subgenus Artemisia species growing naturally in Turkey. In addition, new haplotypes related to the populations of Turkey belonging to the subgenus Artemisia taxa were reported by us for the first time and added to the GenBank database.


Resumo O gênero Artemisia L. da família Asteraceae é sistematicamente muito complexo. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as posições taxonômicas de táxons do subgênero Artemisia pertencentes ao gênero Artemisia na Turquia usando algumas técnicas moleculares. Neste estudo molecular, 44 indivíduos pertencentes a 14 espécies do subgênero Artemisia foram examinados. As análises foram realizadas no conjunto de dados combinado usando máxima parcimônia, máxima verossimilhança e inferência bayesiana e parâmetros moleculares obtidos a partir de coavaliações de sequências das regiões psbA-trnH, ITS e ETS de indivíduos examinados foram usados ​​no desenho da árvore filogenética. De acordo com os resultados deste estudo, dois grupos moleculares foram formados com base na similaridade da sequência de DNA das espécies, mas não há caracteres morfológicos óbvios correspondentes a dois grupos moleculares. Também não há concordância entre os dois grupos moleculares e os dois grupos morfológicos formados de acordo com a condição de pilosidade do receptáculo da espécie. Devido à falta de significado molecular de seus receptáculos com ou sem cabelo, a divisão das espécies do subgênero Artemisia em novos subgêneros ou seções não foi considerada apropriada. Da mesma forma, verificou-se que com ou sem cabelo nos lobos da corola das flores do disco hermafrodita central não tem significado molecular. Constatou-se que não houve fluxo gênico e hibridização entre as 14 espécies do subgênero Artemisia e essas 14 espécies concluíram sua especiação. Este estudo é importante porque é o primeiro estudo de base molecular relacionado com espécies pertencentes ao subgênero Artemisia crescendo naturalmente na Turquia. Além disso, novos haplótipos relacionados às populações da Turquia pertencentes ao subgênero Artemisia taxa foram relatados por nós pela primeira vez e adicionados ao banco de dados do GenBank.


Assuntos
Humanos , Artemisia/genética , Filogenia , Turquia , Teorema de Bayes , Hibridização Genética
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244494, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285607

RESUMO

Abstract Since water is one of the essentials for life, the presence and quality of water in the habitat is extremely important. Therefore, water quality change and management of Lake Aygır was investigated in this study. For this, water samples collected from the lake and the irrigation pool between May 2015 and May 2016 were analyzed monthly. Spectrophotometric, titrimetric and microbiological methods were used to determine the water quality. According to some water quality regulations, HCO3, NH4, Cu, Mo, Br, fecal coliform and total suspended solid (TSS) values were found above the limit values. The other 29 parameters comply with Turkish national and international legislations. Lake Aygır was negatively affected by the surrounding settlements and agricultural activities. It is thought that the water resource should be monitored periodically and remedial studies should be done to prevent parameters exceeding the limits. However, Lake Aygır was generally suitable for drinking, use, fishing and irrigation.


Resumo Como a água é um dos elementos essenciais para a vida, a presença e a qualidade da água no habitat são extremamente importantes. Portanto, a mudança da qualidade da água e a gestão do lago Aygır foram investigadas neste estudo. Para isso, amostras de água coletadas no lago e na piscina de irrigação entre maio de 2015 e maio de 2016 foram analisadas mensalmente. Métodos espectrofotométricos, titulométricos e microbiológicos foram usados para determinar a qualidade da água. De acordo com alguns regulamentos de qualidade da água, os valores de HCO3, NH4, Cu, Mo, Br, coliformes fecais e total sólido suspenso (TSS) foram encontrados acima dos valores limite. Os outros 29 parâmetros estão em conformidade com as legislações nacionais e internacionais turcas. O lago Aygır foi afetado negativamente pelos assentamentos e atividades agrícolas ao redor. Pensa-se que o recurso hídrico deve ser monitorado periodicamente e estudos corretivos devem ser feitos para evitar que os parâmetros ultrapassem os limites. No entanto, o lago Aygır era geralmente adequado para beber, usar, pescar e irrigar.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Lagos , Turquia , Qualidade da Água , Monitoramento Ambiental , Pesqueiros
3.
Oncol Nurs Forum ; 49(5): 461-470, 2022 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067246

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between levels of anxiety about COVID-19 and attitudes toward colorectal cancer screening in adult men in Turkey. SAMPLE & SETTING: The participants in this study were 188 adult men, aged 50-70 years, who were not diagnosed with cancer, and who could use social media. The researchers shared the link to the study forms through social media, and data were collected between February 2021 and May 2021. METHODS & VARIABLES: A personal information form, the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale, and the Attitude Scale for Cancer Screening were used to collect descriptive research data. RESULTS: Participants had mean scores of 1.04 (SD = 2.12) for the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale and 95.28 (SD = 16.91) for the Attitude Scale for Cancer Screening. There was no significant correlation between the scores (p > 0.05). Family structure and the reasons for applying for colorectal cancer screening were significantly related to participation in colorectal cancer screening programs (p < 0.05). IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Individualized screening models can be used to prevent the deferral of cancer screenings. To ensure early diagnosis of colorectal cancer, nurses should be encouraged to use telehealth applications and help individuals perform immunochemical tests at home.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Neoplasias Colorretais , Monofosfato de Adenosina , Adulto , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Humanos , Masculino , Turquia
4.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs ; 40: 84-90, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064251

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effect of health anxiety experienced by elderly individuals during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on their disease perception and treatment compliance. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted between November 2020 and March 2021. The research data was collected using the Patient Information Form, Health Anxiety Scale (HAS), Disease Perception Scale-Short Form (DPS-SF) and Turkish Modified Morisky Treatment Compliance Scale (MMTCS). RESULTS: Of the 401 study participants, 63.1% were in the 65-69 years age group. The mean HAS, DPS-SF and MMTCS motivation and knowledge level sub-dimension scores of the participants were 18.73 ± 8.87, 54.24 ± 9.98, 1.28 ± 0.74 and 2.04 ± 0.92, respectively. CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed that the health anxiety and disease perception scores were high among elderly individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic, which hindered their treatment compliance.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Idoso , Ansiedade , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Cooperação do Paciente , Percepção , SARS-CoV-2 , Turquia/epidemiologia
5.
Environ Monit Assess ; 194(10): 724, 2022 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057743

RESUMO

Land use and land cover (LULC) change analysis of the construction site and its surroundings of the Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant project in southern Turkey was undertaken in this case study, which was supported by remotely sensed Landsat 8 image composites. The composite images compiled in 2017 and 2021 were prepared on the Google Earth Engine platform. The Random Forest algorithm was used as the classifier model. A high classification performance was obtained for both images (kappa > 0.88, overall accuracy > 90%). After the classification process, LULC maps for both years were generated, and statistical calculations for the LULC change were computed for both the entire study area (15 × 25 km) and a buffer zone with a radius of 1 km around the power plant. In the whole study area, artificial surfaces significantly increased (78.46%), whereas forests (- 8.31%) and barren lands experienced a considerable decrease (- 6.11%). In the 1 km buffer, artificial surfaces predominantly increased (113.94%), while forests and barren lands decreased dramatically (- 69.13% and - 74.28%, respectively). The agricultural areas in the study area were changed into other LULC classes: 9.1% to artificial surfaces, 27.6% to barren lands, and 21.7% to forest. The rise in the area of artificial surfaces was especially noticeable within the 1 km buffer zone: construction activities converted 36.1% of agricultural fields, 54.1% of forests, and 23.2% of barren lands into artificial surfaces. The filling activities on the seashore resulted in a loss of water bodies of up to 26.5%. The study provides an overview of how the LULC classes have evolved on the construction site and in the region. In the end, the study discusses how the current land use preferences in the region contradict the issues and concerns mentioned in the existing body of literature.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Monitoramento Ambiental , Agricultura , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Centrais Nucleares , Turquia
6.
Pediatr Int ; 64(1): e15272, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36074063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study we investigated how the incidence and course of acute appendicitis (AA) changed in children during the pandemic. METHODS: Children diagnosed with AA during the 1-year pandemic period after the first COVID-19 case in Turkey and the previous 1 year were included in the study. Children were divided into two groups: those hospitalized during the pandemic (group A) and those hospitalized in the year before the pandemic (group B). Furthermore, we compared the findings obtained for COVID-19-positive and COVID-19-negative children in the whole study group and within group A. RESULTS: A significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of gender, the rate of vomiting and the number of days of vomiting. Complicated AA was more frequent in group B than in group A. In addition, the hospital stay was significantly longer, the mean number of days with fever was significantly higher, and mean body temperature was significantly higher in COVID-19-positive patients in the whole study group and within group A. CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to most studies in the literature, in the present study the patients in the pre-pandemic period were admitted to hospital later, and this may have been associated with the higher frequency of complicated AA in these patients. During the pandemic, however, the arrangements and warnings of health authorities might have reduced the anxiety and the hesitancy of families to go to the hospital, and hence this may have been associated with the lower rate of complicated AA in this period.


Assuntos
Apendicite , COVID-19 , Doença Aguda , Apendicectomia , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Apendicite/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Humanos , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Turquia/epidemiologia , Vômito/epidemiologia
7.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 32(9): 1116-1121, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089705

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the fluid challenge test on the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) change. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Ondokuz Mayis University Hospital, Samsun, Turkey, from January to November 2021. METHODOLOGY: A fluid challenge was defined as a 500 mL crystalloid infusion administered over 10 minutes, and fluid responsiveness was defined as a subsequent increase in stroke volume of at least 15% administered to the ICU patients. The ONSD and hemodynamic variables were measured by ultrasonography before (T0), at the end (T1), and 30 min after the fluid challenge (T2). The primary outcome of the study was the change in ONSD measurements associated with the fluid challenge, and the secondary outcome was the relationship between fluid responsiveness and the change in ONSD. RESULTS: A total of 60 patients were included. The ONSD (mm) value was significantly higher at T1 compared to T0 (mean ± standard deviation: 5.12±0.30 mm vs. 5.10±0.32 mm; p=0.011). However, at T2, the ONSD was similar to that at T0 (5.10±0.31 mm vs. 5.10±0.32 mm; p=0.662). The stroke volume (mL) was also significantly higher at T1 and T2 compared to T0 [median IQR 60 (6) mL vs. 60 (4.7) mL vs. 52 (5) mL, respectively, p <0.01]. No significant relationship was found between the ONSD and the change in fluid responsiveness (p=0.621). CONCLUSION: The fluid challenge test increases ONSD and may cause an increase in intracranial pressure. KEY WORDS: Fluid therapy, Stroke volume, Intracranial pressure, Ultrasonography, Optic nerve sheath diameter.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Intracraniana , Humanos , Hipertensão Intracraniana/etiologia , Pressão Intracraniana/fisiologia , Nervo Óptico/diagnóstico por imagem , Turquia , Ultrassonografia
8.
Zootaxa ; 5125(4): 429-436, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101204

RESUMO

A new solitary wasp species, Lestica anatolica Can et Glmez, is described and illustrated based on a male from Sivas province of Turkey. This species is similar to L. clypeata (Schreber, 1759) but distinguished from it by the presence of a transparent spine on the apex of foretrochanter instead of carina and dilatation in all of the first three foretarsomeres (foretarsomeres II and III distinctly narrower than I in L. clypeata). Additionally, new locality records are given for two previously known species in Turkey, L. clypeata and L. subterranea (Fabricius, 1775). An identification key is provided for the species of Lestica Billberg, 1820 occurring in Turkey.


Assuntos
Besouros , Himenópteros , Animais , Abelhas , Masculino , Turquia
9.
Zootaxa ; 5169(2): 197-200, 2022 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101240

Assuntos
Aracnídeos , Animais , Turquia
10.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 16(8): 1230-1242, 2022 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099365

RESUMO

The dairy and meat industry has rapidly developed in the last decade in Turkey and is playing a key role in supplying animal proteins for human consumption. Viral pathogens continue to threaten the dairy and meat industry leading to serious economic losses worldwide, including Turkey. The Turkish cattle industry has been vulnerable to the spread of viral diseases within the country in the continent. Combating animal diseases is crucial for the economy of Turkey. A good cattle health management policy may reduce the direct losses associated with viral diseases and thereby lead to increase in export of animals and animal products. Countries that are unable to combat animal diseases remain excluded from international trade. Control and eradication of cattle diseases require the availability of effective and practical interventions including vaccination and biosecurity measures. This review summarises the currently available information about viral diseases in cattle in Turkey and emphasizes the need for disease monitoring and research, along with implementation of disease control measures to mitigate economic losses to farmers and the country. The information presented here can be of great value in the research, prevention, and control of cattle diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Viroses , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/prevenção & controle , Comércio , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Turquia/epidemiologia , Vacinação/veterinária
11.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 32(5): 306-315, Sep-Oct 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-207825

RESUMO

Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio es examinar el uso de las redes sociales y la tecnología por parte de madres durante la lactancia. Método: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal. El estudio se llevó a cabo con las madres que llevaron a sus hijos para su seguimiento en las consultas externas de pediatría de un hospital público, un hospital universitario y un hospital privado ubicados en Turquía. Para la recogida de datos se utilizó un cuestionario desarrollado «ad hoc». Resultados: La muestra total estuvo compuesta por 275 madres (n = 275). De las madres participantes en el estudio, 89,8% utilizó las redes sociales, 86,5% recurrió a la seguridad de la información en internet, 73,8% utilizó la información médica disponible en internet para decidir sobre cualquier tema relativo a la lactancia materna y 66,9% de ellas utilizó el teléfono celular o la computadora durante la lactancia. Se determinó una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre el nivel de educación de las madres y el uso de las redes sociales (p < 0,05). Las madres que se graduaron de la escuela secundaria y las que tenían tres o más hijos hablaron por teléfono celular mientras amamantaban. Conclusiones: La mayoría de las madres utilizaron las redes sociales y la tecnología a un nivel que limitaba la interacción con sus hijos. Se recomienda proteger a las madres de la adicción digital y mejorar sus niveles de alfabetización digital.(AU)


Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the social media and technology use of mothers during breastfeeding. Method: Descriptive cross-sectional study. The study was carried out with mothers who brought their children for follow-up in the pediatric outpatient clinics of a public hospital, a university hospital and a private hospital located in Turkey. A questionnaire developed «ad hoc» was used for data collection. Results: The total sample consisted of 275 mothers (n = 275). Mothers participating in the study 89.8% of the mothers used social media, 86.5% sought on the reliability of the information on the internet, 73.8% used the medical information on the internet to decide on any case about breastfeeding and 66.9% of them used cell phone or computer during breastfeeding. A statistically significant difference was determined between the education level of the mothers and social media use (p < 0.05). It was determined that the mothers who were secondary school graduate and those with three or more children talked on a cell phone while breastfeeding. Conclusions: Most of the mothers used social media and technology at a level limiting their interaction with their children. It is recommended to protect mothers from digital addiction and improve their digital literacy levels.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Aleitamento Materno , Redes Sociais Online , Tecnologia da Informação , Mães , Alfabetização Digital , Turquia , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Enfermagem
12.
Sportis (A Coruña) ; 8(3): 309-328, Sept. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-207905

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is investigate the impact of reactive agility, reaction-based planned change of direction training on the practice of self defence methods among students enrolled in the Private Security and Protection program of Vocational Schools. Twenty male volunteer students, 21.20±1.28 years, height 177.37±6.18 cm, weight 75.56±5.50 kg, voluntarily participated in the study. While the volunteer research group received reactive agility, response speed training for 2 hours 4 days a week for 8 weeks, the control group continued to receive self defence skills instruction as usual. Measurements of body composition Body analyzer Inbody 270 (Japan), reactive test Fitspeed (Turkey) gadget for measuring agility performance, as well as other agility planned change of direction tests Fusion Smart (Australia) with an integrated system of photocell doors, T Test digital integrated system stopwatch (Belgium), Reaction time Speed test was measured using a Performanz Spark test equipment (Turkey). The SPSS 22 software was utilized to analyze the data. First, the data distribution was evaluated using the Shapiro-Wilk test, it was discovered that it did not have a normal distribution. Mann Whitney U Tests were used in this manner to find the difference between the pre-test and post-test results of the nonparametric Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test across groups in order to determine the difference between the pre-post-test data within the group. The level of significance in the study was determined at p>0.05. According to the statistical analysis, the 8-week planned change of direction, reactive agility training improved the response speed, agility performance of the work group students (p>0.05). (AU)


El propósito de este estudio es investigar el impacto de la agilidad reactiva, el entrenamiento de cambio de dirección planificado basado en la reacción en la práctica de métodos de defensa personal entre los estudiantes matriculados en el programa de Protección y Seguridad Privada de las Escuelas Vocacionales. Veinte estudiantes voluntarios varones, 21,20 ± 1,28 años, altura 177,37 ± 6,18 cm, peso 75,56 ± 5,50 kg, participaron voluntariamente en el estudio. Mientras que el grupo de investigación voluntario recibió entrenamiento de agilidad reactiva y velocidad de respuesta durante 2 horas, 4 días a la semana durante 8 semanas, el grupo de control continuó recibiendo instrucción en habilidades de defensa personal como de costumbre. Mediciones de composición corporal Analizador corporal Inbody 270 (Japón), test reactivo Fitspeed (Turquía) Gadget para medir el rendimiento de agilidad, así como otras pruebas de cambio de dirección planificado de agilidad Fusion Smart (Australia) con un sistema integrado de puertas de fotocélula, T Test digital cronómetro de sistema integrado (Bélgica), tiempo de reacción La prueba de velocidad se midió utilizando un equipo de prueba Performanz Spark (Turquía). Se utilizó el software SPSS 22 para analizar los datos. Primero se evaluó la distribución de datos mediante la prueba de Shapiro-Wilk, se descubrió que no tenía una distribución normal. Las pruebas U de Mann Whitney se utilizaron de esta manera para encontrar la diferencia entre los resultados previos y posteriores a la prueba de la prueba no paramétrica de rangos con signos de Wilcoxon entre los grupos para determinar la diferencia entre los datos previos y posteriores a la prueba dentro del grupo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Capacidade de Resposta ante Emergências , Estudantes , Proteção Pessoal/análise , Proteção Pessoal/métodos , Estudos de Intervenção , 28599 , Turquia
13.
Sportis (A Coruña) ; 8(3): 348-369, Sept. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-207907

RESUMO

Los comportamientos de liderazgo de los capitanes de equipo en los deportes y la evaluación de los niveles de comunicación efectiva en términos de variables demográficas es el objetivo de estudio. La muestra del estudio está formada por 106 futbolistas que juegan al fútbol de forma activa en la 3ªLiga de la Federación Turca de Fútbol (TFF). Para la evaluación se ha utilizado la prueba de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, la prueba U de Mann Whitney, la prueba H de Kruskal Wallis y los análisis de correlación de Spearman. Los resultados muestran que hubo una relación lineal positiva entre los comportamientos de liderazgo percibidos de los atletas y sus percepciones de comunicación efectiva. La diferencia significativa entre la variable nivel educativo, y el comportamiento democrático y el comportamiento autocrático, que son las subdimensiones de las percepciones de liderazgo en el deporte. La diferencia significativa entre la variable de posición y las subdimensiones de liderazgo en deportes, apoyo social y comportamiento gratificante. También hay una diferencia significativa entre el año jugando al fútbol y el comportamiento democrático, el apoyo social y el comportamiento gratificante. No se encontraron diferencias significativas entre las percepciones de comunicación efectiva y las variables demográficas. Cinco variables predictoras de las subdimensiones de liderazgo en los deportes explican significativamente aproximadamente el 30 % de la variación total en las puntuaciones de comunicación efectiva. Como resultado, se puede concluir que los comportamientos socialmente apoyados, gratificantes, educativos e instructivos de los capitanes de equipo aumentan sus habilidades de comunicación efectiva con sus atletas. (AU)


Leadership behaviors of team captains in sports and the evaluation of effective communication levels in terms of demographic variables is the aim for study. The sample of the study consists of 106 football players who play football actively in the 3rd League of the Turkish Football Federation (TFF). Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Mann Whitney U test, Kruskal Wallis H test and Spearman correlation analyzes has been used for evaluating. The results show that there was a positive linear relationship between the perceived leadership behaviors of the athletes and their perceptions of effective communication. The significant difference between the education level variable, and the democratic behavior and autocratic behavior, which are the sub-dimensions of the perceptions of leadership in sports. The significant difference between the variable of position and the sub-dimensions of leadership in sports, social support and rewarding behavior. There is also a significant difference between the year playing football and democratic behavior, social support and rewarding behavior. No significant difference was found between perceptions of effective communication and demographic variables. Five predictor variables from the sub-dimensions of leadership in sports significantly explain approximately 30% of the total variance in effective communication scores. As a result, it can be concluded that the socially supported, rewarding, educational and instructive behaviors of team captains increase their effective communication skills with their athletes. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Futebol , Atletas , Liderança , Turquia
14.
Dev Med Child Neurol ; 64(10): 1181, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065117
15.
Zootaxa ; 5150(1): 43-64, 2022 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095761

RESUMO

The taxonomic status of the resident and anadromous trout species native to the Kura and Aras river drainages is evaluated, and three resident species are recognised in the upper reaches of Kura and Aras drainages in Turkey. Salmo murathani, new species, is described from slow flowing tributaries of the Aras River. It is distinguished by the general body color dark greyish in life; the numerous black spots on body, present on the back and on the middle and upper parts of the flank, and on the anterior part of the lower flank in males and females larger than about 230 mm SL; the number of black spots increases with size, in both males and females; and various meristic and morphometric characters. Salmo araxensis, new species, is described from fast flowing tributaries of the Aras River. It is distinguished by the general body color greyish to brownish in life; only few black spots on the body, restricted to the back and the upper part of the flank, their number not increasing with size in both sexes; and various meristic and morphometric characters. Salmo ardahanensis, new species, is described from head waters of the Kura River. It is distinguished by the general body color dark brownish in life; the roundish black spots on the body, scattered on the back, and the middle and upper parts of the flank in most specimens, rarely restricted to the back and the upper part of the flank; in females, the black spots are few, restricted to the back and the upper part of the flank; the number of black spots increases slightly with size in males; the adipose fin is large, almost reaching to caudal-fin base in males larger than about 170 mm SL; and various meristic and morphometric characters.


Assuntos
Rios , Salmonidae , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Truta , Turquia
16.
Environ Monit Assess ; 194(10): 779, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097084

RESUMO

Active sampling was conducted for the first time in Erzurum, Turkey, between August 2012 and January 2013, in order to investigate the presence of 82 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) congeners. Urban and rural ambient air samples, including gas and particle phase atmospheric concentrations (GAPPACs) of PCBs, were collected simultaneously using high volume air sampler (HVAS) at two different sampling points of Erzurum. GAPPACs of PCB samples taken using HVAS in Palandöken Mountain Region (2565 m) and Ataturk University Campus (1870 m) were analyzed in GC-MS following appropriate extraction steps. Throughout the sampling period, total ambient air concentrations (gas phase + particulate phase) were 10 ± 6 and 27 ± 13 pg/m3 (mean) for Palandöken Mountain Region (PMR) and Atatürk University Campus (AUC), respectively. Low molecular weighted PCBs were found to be dominant in both rural an urban sampling sites. Meteorological parameters especially temperature (from Clausius-Clapeyron equation), wind direction, wind velocity, and precipitation were found to be effective on PCB concentration and distribution. The gas-particle distributions of PCBs in the summer and winter period were found to be 82% (gas phase) and 18% (particle phase) in the PMR and 90% (gas phase) and 10% (particle phase) in AUC, through Junge-Pankow adsorption model. In the light of these findings, total PCB concentrations detected in urban atmosphere (due to possible PCB sources) were observed to be higher than those determined in rural area.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Bifenilos Policlorados , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Atmosfera , Monitoramento Ambiental , Gases , Humanos , Bifenilos Policlorados/análise , Turquia , Vento
17.
Turkiye Parazitol Derg ; 46(3): 184-188, 2022 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094118

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the distribution of intestinal parasites in refugee and native patients who applied to a territory hospital in Turkey. Methods: A total of 17911 patients who were admitted to our hospital between January 2018 and January 2019 were evaluated retrospectively in terms of intestinal parasites. The patients' stool samples were investigated for the existence of intestinal parasites by direct wet mount preparation, formalin ether concentration technique and cellophane tape method. The data obtained were compared between patient groups according to the examination method. Results: The overall prevalence of E. vermicularis in refugee children was found twice higher than that in native patients and the most common symptom was abdominal pain in these patients. Intestinal parasite detection rates were significantly higher in the stool concentration method than in the direct wet mount examination. Cutaneous complaints and protein energy malnutrition/growth retardation were the most common clinical conditions besides gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with intestinal parasitosis. Conclusion: In our study, the prevalence of Blastocystis sp. in refugees was found to be higher than in the normal population. Intestinal parasitic infections should be investigated with proper diagnostic methods especially in children with PEM/GR and cutaneous symptoms in addition to gastrointestinal problems.


Assuntos
Enteropatias Parasitárias , Parasitos , Refugiados , Animais , Criança , Hospitais , Humanos , Enteropatias Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/parasitologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Turquia/epidemiologia
18.
Turkiye Parazitol Derg ; 46(3): 201-206, 2022 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094121

RESUMO

Objective: Through this study we aimed to determine the risk factors affecting the transmission of Echinococcus granulosus to humans. Methods: This case-control study included a study group comprising of 107 people who underwent surgery for hydatid cyst and a control group comprising of 107 people. Place of living, age, and sex were taken as matching factors. A chi-square analysis was used for paired comparisons in the study. The variables that were significantly related in paired comparisons were included in the logistic regression analysis. Results: Hydatid cyst disease was seen 3.661 [confidence interval (CI) =1.650-8.123] times more often in individuals with an education period of 11 years or less compared to those with 12 years or above, 3.427 (CI=1.470-7.991) times more in those with a toilet outside the house compared to those with a toilet inside the house, and 5.540 (CI=2.088-14.697) times more in individuals who took a shower 8 times a month or less compared to those who take a shower 9 times or more. Conclusion: Individuals with a low level of education and who do not pay attention to environmental and personal hygiene are at risk for hydatid cyst disease.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Echinococcus granulosus , Echinococcus , Parasitos , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Humanos , Turquia/epidemiologia
19.
Turkiye Parazitol Derg ; 46(3): 207-212, 2022 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094122

RESUMO

Objective: This study was conducted to determine the period prevalence of hydatid cysts isolated from the livers of cattle slaughtered at a slaughterhouse in Konya. Methods: For this purpose, 49,545 cattle were slaughtered and examined for the presence of hydatid cysts in the liver. The study was conducted between June 01, 2018, and May 31, 2019. Results: The highest prevalence of hydatid cysts was observed in autumn 10.83% followed by spring 4.41%, winter 2.90%, and summer 2.66%, with an overall prevalence of 3.93%. Considering the month wise prevalence of hydatid cyst, the highest infection rate was detected in September (7.87%), June (7.16%) and August (7.14%), while the lowest prevalence was observed in February (2.72%) and January (2.83%). In gender-wise investigation, highest prevalence was observed in females (24.65%) during the summer and 18.45% inthe spring. In male animals, the infection rate was very low compared with females. However, the highest prevalence in males was observed throughout the year in autumn (2.36%) and the lowest prevalence in winter (1.68%). The highest prevalence was found among female cattle in heifers in winter (6.52%) and cows in summer (27.52%). Conclusion: The overall economic losses of 56,434 USD were estimated due to discarded hydatid cyst-infected livers during the study period. This study enlightens the prevalence and economic significance of hydatidosis in Konya.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Equinococose Hepática , Equinococose , Echinococcus , Matadouros , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Equinococose/veterinária , Feminino , Masculino , Prevalência , Turquia/epidemiologia
20.
J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs ; 49(5): 455-461, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36108229

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine ostomy patients' experiences and opinions on protection of privacy during treatment and care. DESIGN: Mixed-methods, descriptive correlational study. SAMPLE AND SETTING: The study sample comprised 80 patients with an ostomy receiving treatment and care in a university hospital in Turkey. METHODS: Data were collected using a form developed by the researchers based on literature review. The survey consisted of statements that examined demographic characteristics, experiences, and opinions of patients with an ostomy. RESULTS: For participants, 64.8% (n = 35/54) defined privacy from a physical dimension, 64.1% (n = 25/39) suffered from ostomy-related psychosocial discomfort, 48.7% experienced ostomy-related discomfort mostly during nursing care (n = 19/39), 48.7% (n = 39/80) were uncomfortable when their ostomy was seen by others, Approximately 56.3% (n = 45/80) thought that they disturbed other patients and their families during ostomy care, and 46.3% (n = 37/80) stated that healthcare professionals discussed information about their ostomy when other patients and their families were present. In addition, 21.3% (n = 17/80) opined that the physical conditions of patient rooms failed to provide privacy. Analysis revealed no significant relationship between education levels and reading the Patient Rights Regulation (P = .129). Analysis also found no significant relationships between age (P = .086), marital status (P = .382), educational background (P = .143), hospitalization experience (P = .427), and satisfaction with perceptions of privacy when receiving ostomy care. CONCLUSION: Patients with an ostomy reported physical and psychosocial problems concerning privacy, felt uncomfortable about the way information on their ostomy was discussed, and thought that physical conditions were not suitable for ostomy care. We recommend that healthcare professionals be provided with more training on psychosocial problems and privacy for patients with ostomy and that institutional policies and procedures be developed to address patients' problems.


Assuntos
Estomia , Privacidade , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia
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