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1.
J Sports Sci ; 38(2): 159-176, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718526

RESUMO

Ericsson, Krampe, and Tesch- Römer published their research on "The role of deliberate practice in the acquisition of expert performance" over 25 years ago. Since then, hundreds of new articles have been published with findings regarding the effects of practice on performance in sports. The original paper searched for conditions underpinning optimal acquisition of reproducibly superior (expert) performance in domains, where methods for producing such performance had been refined over centuries. At an elite music academy, superior music students were found to have engaged for longer periods in solitary practice guided by their music teachers - an explication of the conditions of this type of practice led to a definition of deliberate practice. When other researchers in sports started searching for optimal practice, they could not find any practice activities meeting all the criteria for "deliberate practice", yet referred to somewhat similar activities using that same term. This paper shows that the effects of these different types of practice activities on attained performance differ from those of deliberate practice and should be given different distinct names. The paper concludes with recommendations for how future research on purposeful and deliberate practice can inform, not just athletes and their coaches, but all adults about how their achievements can be improved with individualized forms of effective practice.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético/psicologia , Condicionamento Físico Humano/psicologia , Adaptação Fisiológica , Humanos , Tutoria , Destreza Motora , Música/psicologia
2.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 18(1): 107-115, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618518

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study examines the feasibility of an oral health coaching programme involving practical support on individual level to staff in a nursing home in Sweden, aiming to improve oral health care-related beliefs of nursing staff and the oral health of residents. METHODS: This intervention study consisted of three wards from one nursing home, and both staff (n = 48) and residents (n = 58) were invited. In the control ward, 9 staff and 16 residents participated; in test ward 1, 10 staff and 13 residents participated; and at test ward 2, 14 staff and 17 residents participated. An oral health coaching programme was performed 4 h/wk for 3 months. The staff completed the nursing Dental Coping Beliefs Scale at baseline and after 9 months. Oral health of the residents was assessed using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide and mucosal-plaque score at baseline and after 3, 6 and 9 months. RESULTS: At baseline, 33 staff participated and 22 at 9 months follow-up. For the residents, the figures were 48 and 32, respectively. After the intervention, the nursing DCBS revealed changes related to usage of fluoride, oral health support, gum disease and approximal cleaning. The most frequently reported oral health problems among the residents pertained to teeth and gums. The residents' relatively high level of oral health was stable during the study period. CONCLUSIONS: Despite limitations in the programme, an oral health coaching programme can support nursing staff in maintaining a high level of oral health in residents. The programme was shown feasible, although design improvements are needed.


Assuntos
Tutoria , Saúde Bucal , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Casas de Saúde , Higiene Bucal , Suécia
3.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(1): 16-21, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study was designed to describe the experiences of mentors for a nursing research fellowship at a southeastern US academic medical center. BACKGROUND: Mentoring is an important aspect of nursing and is a key strategy to develop nurse leaders and faculty. Research mentors have been identified as essential for novice researchers to be able to complete clinical studies. However, there has been limited research on the experience of nursing research mentors, despite the emphasis on the critical nature of this role. METHODS: Eight mentors for 23 studies over 8 years of a nursing research fellowship participated in a study outlining their experiences as research mentors. RESULTS: Common themes emerged from mentors' identification of key components in the research mentoring process and elements necessary for effective support of frontline nurse researchers. CONCLUSIONS: Recommendations for developing effective, confident research mentors are drawn from the analyses.


Assuntos
Tutoria , Enfermeiras Administradoras , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto
4.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(1): 10-15, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860478

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the perceptions of 14 novice nurse faculty of a 20-month experiential leadership academy on the leadership development. BACKGROUND: Managing the complexities of nursing faculty roles requires significant leadership skills that often are hard won. Evidence suggests that leadership preparation to prepare nursing faculty through guided mentoring can enhance faculty recruitment, satisfaction, and retention. METHOD: Participants completed open-ended questions about their experiences in Sigma Theta Tau International's Nurse Faculty Leadership Academy. RESULTS: Data analysis revealed a meta-theme of "Finding Authentic Leadership Voice." Four subthemes emerged to shape the meta-theme: Identifying Inner Strengths and Areas for Improvement, Increasing Self-Confidence and Self-Awareness, Increasing Focus on Others, and Clarifying Aspirations for a Leadership Future. CONCLUSION: Reflecting on their experiences, participants recognized changes in their leadership roles as they found an authentic voice that helped them persist and thrive amid the complexities of their faculty roles.


Assuntos
Liderança , Tutoria , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Docentes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Mentores
5.
Br J Nurs ; 28(22): 1456-1460, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835940

RESUMO

Theoretical frameworks have successfully guided researchers in implementing coaching interventions to effect dietary changes in adults for both prevention and management of chronic diseases. Three such frameworks include the Transtheoretical Model (TTM), Social Cognitive Theory (SCT), and the Theory of Integrative Nurse Coaching (TINC). This article introduces each theory, followed by an overview of the coaching interventions used to effect dietary behaviour changes within each theory. A condensed version of Turner's synthesis methodology is used to determine if a conceptual connection exists among the three models/theories. The condensed version includes synthesis preparation, synthesis (comparison of converging and diverging components), synthesis refinement (conceptual connection), and a concluding discussion of all three theories related to nursing practice. This synthesis will inform the focus of interventions that aim to promote dietary changes in adults at risk of developing sarcopenia.


Assuntos
Dieta/psicologia , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Tutoria/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Teoria Psicológica
6.
J Int Soc Sports Nutr ; 16(1): 57, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coaches are considered as an important source of nutrition information by their athletes. However, their knowledge in this area is often insufficient for proper guidance and may lead to the dissemination of misinformation regarding sports nutrition. The aim of this study was to assess coaches' intentions as well as psychosocial determinants underlying their intentions to provide sports nutrition recommendations to their high school athletes. METHODS: Coaches (n = 47) completed a Web-based questionnaire based on the theory of planned behaviour, to assess their intentions to provide three different sports nutrition recommendations and their determinants. Multiple regression analyses were used to identify the variables that were most strongly related to the intentions. RESULTS: Forty-six, 44.7 and 91.9% of coaches had the intention to recommend a higher consumption of foods rich in carbohydrates, foods rich in proteins and an increase in hydration to their athletes, respectively. Subjective norm was the only significant determinant of coaches' intention to recommend a higher consumption of foods rich in carbohydrates (R2 = 53.7%, ß = 0.73 ± 0.12, P < 0.0001). Subjective norm and perceived behavioural control were significantly associated with coaches' intentions to recommend a higher consumption of foods rich in proteins (R2 = 25.9%, ß = 0.50 ± 0.16, P = 0.002 and R2 = 17.2%, ß = 0.39 ± 0.17, P = 0.01, respectively) and an increase in hydration (R2 = 26.8%, ß = 0.38 ± 0.13, P = 0.001 and R2 = 46.3%, ß = 0.58 ± 0.11, P < 0.0001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that subjective norm and perceived behavioural control represent important determinants of coaches' intentions to provide recommendations on sports nutrition. These findings should be considered in future interventions aimed at facilitating proper general sports nutrition recommendations provided by coaches to their athletes.


Assuntos
Intenção , Tutoria , Mentores , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Esportiva , Adolescente , Adulto , Atletas , Dieta , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necessidades Nutricionais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
7.
Br J Nurs ; 28(21): 1394-1398, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778343

RESUMO

A coaching pilot was developed following the publication of a number of reports that recommended a review into how student nurses are taught in clinical practice. A bespoke version of the Collaborative Learning in Practice (CLiP) model was developed, which used both coaching and peer learning to encourage students to lead the delivery of care for a designated group of patients. A senior student led a team consisting of two junior students and they were given the responsibility of directing and coordinating the team in the manner expected of a registered nurse. A qualified nurse was responsible for the supervision of the students and used a coaching approach to teach. Findings from an evaluation revealed that the students benefitted from being able to work autonomously and were able to enhance their leadership and management skills.


Assuntos
Docentes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Relações Interprofissionais , Tutoria/métodos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Pesquisa Metodológica em Enfermagem
9.
J Athl Train ; 54(10): 1074-1082, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633408

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Recent studies suggested that a large population of high school-aged athletes participate on club sport teams. Despite attempts to document emergency preparedness in high school athletics, the adherence to emergency and medical coverage standards among club sport teams is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine if differences in emergency preparedness and training existed between coaches of high school teams and coaches of high school-aged club teams. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Online questionnaire. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 769 coaches (females = 266, 34.6%) completed an anonymous online questionnaire regarding their emergency preparedness and training. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The questionnaire consisted of (1) demographics and team information, (2) emergency preparedness factors (automated external defibrillator [AED] availability, emergency action plan [EAP] awareness, medical coverage), and (3) emergency training requirements (cardiopulmonary resuscitation/AED, first aid). RESULTS: High school coaches were more likely than club sport coaches to be aware of the EAP for their practice venue (83.9% versus 54.4%, P < .001), but most coaches in both categories had not practiced their EAP in the past 12 months (70.0% versus 68.9%, P = .54). High school coaches were more likely to be made aware of the EAP during competitions (47.5% versus 37.1%, P = .02), but the majority of coaches in both categories indicated that they were never made aware of EAPs. High school coaches were more likely than club coaches to (1) have an AED available at practice (87.9% versus 58.8%, P < .001), (2) report that athletic trainers were responsible for medical care at practices (31.2% versus 8.8%, P < .001) and competitions (57.9% versus 31.2%, P < .001), and (3) be required to have cardiopulmonary resuscitation, AED, or first-aid training (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: High school coaches displayed much greater levels of emergency preparedness and training than coaches of high school-aged club teams. Significant attention and effort may be needed to address the lack of emergency preparedness and training observed in club coaches.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas/terapia , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Desfibriladores/provisão & distribução , Tratamento de Emergência , Tutoria , Esportes Juvenis/lesões , Adulto , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/instrumentação , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Tratamento de Emergência/métodos , Tratamento de Emergência/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tutoria/métodos , Tutoria/organização & administração , Tutoria/normas , Competência Profissional , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos , Universidades
10.
J Athl Train ; 54(10): 1055-1060, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633416

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Previous researchers have identified sport specialization as being associated with various negative outcomes (eg, overuse injuries and adverse psychosocial outcomes). However, little is known regarding how the underlying attitudes, beliefs, and values of sport stakeholders may be shaping this trend. OBJECTIVE: To examine the perceptions of coaches in the high school versus club sport setting and compare their attitudes and behaviors toward sport specialization. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 769 coaches (497 high school coaches, 272 club sport coaches). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Participants completed a novel measure that surveyed their perceptions regarding various aspects of youth sport specialization. Additionally, each coach completed a questionnaire detailing his or her relevant demographic and sport background information. RESULTS: High school coaches and club sport coaches differed in their perceptions of sport specialization (t767 = 1.41, P < .001); club coaches (2.43 ± 0.25) were more likely than high school coaches (2.31 ± 0.21) to rate specialization as a positive, adaptive practice. The multiple linear regression equations for both the high school and club coaches indicated that no educational, experiential, or demographic factors predicted coaches' perceptions of specialization (P values > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Club sport coaches were more likely to possess attitudes in favor of sport specialization. Additionally, coaches' background characteristics did not predict their perceptions of specialization, suggesting that the competitive context itself (high school versus club) may be the most salient influencer of these perceptions. Athletes and sports medicine practitioners should be aware of the heightened expectation of specialized participation and resulting increased injury risk in these contexts. Pediatric sport researchers and practitioners should continue to explore how these different group perceptions manifest in participation behaviors and may link to overall athlete health, wellbeing, and development.


Assuntos
Atitude , Tutoria/métodos , Percepção Social , Especialização , Esportes Juvenis , Adulto , Atletas/psicologia , Comportamento Competitivo , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Universidades , Esportes Juvenis/psicologia , Esportes Juvenis/normas
11.
Ig Sanita Pubbl ; 75(3): 181-187, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645060

RESUMO

The American College of Sports Medicine states that 150 minutes per week of moderate aerobic activity improves quality of life, also in patients treated for cancer. Physical activity before, during, and after oncological treatments increases rates of survival, interval free from sickness, and side effects of treatment. The importance of physical exercise is often underestimated in Oncology, above all because of the need for an individualized approach and for a lack of recommendations that are valid for everyone. The literature now states that rehabilitation and exercise are as important as medical care. The National Cancer Institute in Aviano (Italy) has started a rehabilitation program for patients treated for breast cancer, followed by an assisted path to encourage physical activity. Thanks to various co-production processes, this program allows women to benefit from a personalised plan and it will be possible to assist patients and encourage physical activity through use of a mobile app. A synergy between the health and fitness worlds has been created, through co-production, accustoming patients to exercise during and following treatments.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Exercício , Tutoria , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Exercício/fisiologia , Exercício/psicologia , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Itália
14.
Pediatrics ; 144(4)2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570654

RESUMO

The following is an address given by the author in receipt of the Joseph W. St. Geme, Jr Leadership Award, presented by the Federation of Pediatric Organizations at the Pediatric Academic Societies Meeting in Baltimore, Maryland, on April 27, 2019.


Assuntos
Relações Interpessoais , Distinções e Prêmios , Esgotamento Profissional , Humanos , Liderança , Tutoria , Filosofia
15.
Br Dent J ; 227(7): 540, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605042
16.
Nursing ; 49(10): 53-56, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568084

RESUMO

As baby boomers continue to retire and millennials become the leading generation in the nursing workforce, nurse leaders must promote professional development and leadership opportunities for millennials moving forward. This article describes challenges and opportunities across the multigenerational nursing workforce along with suggestions on how to remove barriers and align with millennial nurses to provide meaningful mentorship and promote understanding and a positive work environment.


Assuntos
Relação entre Gerações , Liderança , Tutoria , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Enfermagem/organização & administração , Previsões , Humanos , Enfermagem/tendências
17.
Br Dent J ; 227(5): 343-346, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520029

RESUMO

Today's dental graduates are entering the profession in a difficult environment, where patient complaints, litigation and referrals to the regulator are commonplace. This has been cited as causing a 'climate of fear'. However, in order to understand the pressures facing our new graduates, we must first understand how recent changes in society have affected the way in which this generation has been raised. We should also accept the role of individuals, and the profession as a whole, in changing the current climate and promoting graduates' professional development through appropriate risk management, coaching and mentoring.


Assuntos
Tutoria , Mentores , Clima , Medo , Humanos
18.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 667, 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Combined lifestyle interventions (CLIs) are designed to help people who are overweight or obese maintain a healthy new lifestyle. The CooL intervention is a CLI in the Netherlands, in which lifestyle coaches counsel adults and children (and/or their parents) who are obese or at high risk of obesity to achieve a sustained healthier lifestyle. The intervention consists of coaching on lifestyle in group and individual sessions, addressing the topics of physical activity, dietary behaviours, sleep, stress management and behavioural change. The aim of this study was to evaluate the implementation process of the Coaching on Lifestyle (CooL) intervention and its facilitating and impeding factors. METHODS: Mixed methods were used in this action-oriented study. Both quantitative (number of referrals, attendance lists of participants and questionnaires) and qualitative (group and individual interviews, observations, minutes and open questions) data were collected among participants, lifestyle coaches, project group members and other stakeholders. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research was used to analyse the data. RESULTS: CooL was evaluated by stakeholders and participants as an accessible and useful programme, because of its design and content and the lifestyle coaches' approach. However, stakeholders indicated that the lifestyle coaches need to become more familiar in the health care network and public sectors in the Netherlands. Lifestyle coaching is a novel profession and the added value of the lifestyle coach is not always acknowledged by all health care providers. Lifestyle coaches play a crucial role in ensuring the impact of CooL by actively networking, using clear communication materials and creating stakeholders' support and understanding. CONCLUSION: The implementation process needs to be strengthened in terms of creating support for and providing clear information about lifestyle coaching. The CooL intervention was implemented in multiple regions, thanks to the efforts of many stakeholders. Lifestyle coaches should engage in networking activities and entrepreneurship to boost the implementation process. It takes considerable time for a lifestyle coach to become fully incorporated in primary care. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NTR6208 ; date registered: 13-01-2017; retrospectively registered; Netherlands Trial Register.


Assuntos
Implementação de Plano de Saúde , Tutoria , Obesidade/terapia , Sobrepeso/terapia , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos , Países Baixos , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Sobrepeso/prevenção & controle , Projetos Piloto
19.
Br J Nurs ; 28(17): 1124-1128, 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556740

RESUMO

Coaching is an intervention that facilitates another person's learning, development and performance. Applied to student nurse practice placement learning, coaching has the potential to boost leadership learning that is student led, less focused on following the directions of a mentor and more focused on students taking responsibility for identifying their learning goals and objectives. This article gives personal perspectives about how a collaboration between four Greater Manchester (GM) universities and their partner practice organisations developed, implemented and evaluated a coaching approach to student nurse clinical leadership development and peer learning, while increasing practice placement capacity-the GM Synergy model. Perspectives are given on setting up a project team, testing the model before implementation and developing a robust evaluation framework. Coaching as a model for student support and clinical leadership development is in line with the Nursing and Midwifery Council's Future Nurse: Standards of Proficiency for Registered Nurses document, with the practice supervisor role complementing the role of the coach in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Liderança , Aprendizagem , Tutoria/organização & administração , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Inglaterra , Humanos , Relações Interinstitucionais , Modelos Educacionais , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Universidades/organização & administração
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e16724, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Empirical studies indicated that job-related stress is threatening the well-being of Nigerian public workers. The objective of this investigation was to examine the impact of REOHC for improving work-stress management among Staff of Nigeria Police Force in southeast Nigeria. METHOD: This is a pretest-posttest control group design study with follow-up. A total of 63 Nigerian police officers (randomized into one of 2 groups: n = 32 for treatment group, n = 31 for waitlist control group) completed the study. Two self-report questionnaire measuring organizational and operational stressors associated with police general well-being were used as outcome measures. The intervention group received a 12-week REBC manual intervention. The intervention and waitlisted groups were evaluated at 3-time points: Time1, Time2, and Time3. Statistical analyses were achieved using repeated-measures ANOVA. RESULTS: Results showed that there was no significant difference between the REOHC group and waiting-list control group in initial work-related stress management among staff of Nigerian Police Force. REOHC program had a significant effect on work-related stress management among staff of Nigerian Police Force when compared to their counterparts in the waiting-list control group. CONCLUSION: Therefore, REOHC program is a time-effective treatment approach for improving work-stress management among Staff of Nigeria Police Force in southeast Nigeria.


Assuntos
Tutoria , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Polícia , Adulto , Gerenciamento Clínico , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria , Polícia/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
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