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2.
Syst Rev ; 9(1): 217, 2020 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32967717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has resulted in an increased demand for eHealth services globally. There is emerging evidence for the efficacy for group eHealth interventions that support population-based mental health and wellbeing, but a systematic review is lacking. The primary objective of this systematic review is to summarize the evidence for eHealth group counseling and coaching programs for adults. A second objective is to assess, within studies selected for our primary objective, the impact of programs that encourage PA on outcomes compared to those that do not. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials that assess the impact of eHealth group counseling or coaching programs on mental health, health behavior, or physical health activity among community-dwelling adults will be included. We will search the following electronic databases (from January 2005 onwards): MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINHAL, and the Central Register of Controlled Trials. The primary outcomes will be changes in mental health conditions (e.g., depression, anxiety, stress, quality of life), behavioral health conditions (e.g., substance use, smoking, sexual behavior, eating behavior, medication adherence), and physical health conditions (e.g., coping with cancer, menopausal symptoms, arthritis pain). Secondary outcomes will be changes in physical activity. Two reviewers will independently screen all citations, full-text articles, and abstract data. Potential conflicts will be resolved through discussion with a third reviewer. A narrative synthesis without meta-analysis will be conducted. The strength of the body of evidence will be assessed using GRADE. The risk of bias in individual studies will be appraised using the Cochrane Risk of Bias 2.0 tool. Potential sources of gender bias in included studies will be considered at all stages of the planned review. DISCUSSION: This review will contribute to the literature by providing evidence on the effectiveness of eHealth counseling and coaching programs delivered to adults in a group format. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: The protocol has been registered at the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO: CRD42020187551 ).


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde , Exercício Físico , Nível de Saúde , Saúde Mental , Telemedicina/métodos , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Aconselhamento/métodos , Humanos , Tutoria/métodos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Psicoterapia de Grupo/métodos
7.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 53(2): 47-52, 20200800.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119408

RESUMO

Introducción: El desarrollo científico es considerado un componente de la educación médica debido a la implicancia de la investigación en la formación profesional, no existe verdadera educación superior sin investigación activa. Objetivo: Analizar la percepción de los estudiantes de medicina de Latinoamérica sobre la capacitación universitaria en investigación científica. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal, donde fueron incluidos 488 estudiantes de medicina de doce países de Latinoamérica. Se aplicó una encuesta estructurada mediante un formulario en línea de 10 preguntas, dividida en dos secciones: la primera, con las variables sociodemográficas, y la segunda, sobre la percepción de la capacitación estudiantil con una escala tipo Likert de cinco valores categóricos. Resultados: La edad estuvo comprendida de 17 a 34 años con una media de 22,34 años y un desvió estándar de 2.76, El 99,8% consideró importante la capacitación universitaria en temas de investigación científica. Conclusión: La mayoría de los estudiantes consideró importante recibir capacitación en sus universidades en temas como lectura crítica, redacción científica, búsqueda bibliográfica, metodología de la investigación y bioestadística. En general, la percepción sobre la capacitación recibida fue de regular a deficiente.


Introduction: Scientific development is considered a component of medical education, due to the implication of research to professional training there is no truly higher education without active research. Objectives: To analyze the perception of medical students in Latin America about university training in scientific research. Materials and methods: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted where 488 medical students from 12 Latin American countries were included. A structured questionnaire was applied using an online form of 10 questions, divided into two sections: the first one with the sociodemographic variables, and the second one about the perception of student training with a Likert scale of five categorical values. Results: The age ranged from 17 to 34 years with an average of 22.34 years and a standard deviation of 2.76. 99.8% considered important university training in scientific research topics. Conclusion: The majority of students consider it important to receive training in their universities on topics such as critical reading, scientific writing, bibliographic search, research methodology and biostatistics. In general, the perception of the training received is from regular to deficient.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Estudantes de Medicina , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tutoria
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(4): 245-251, agosto 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118485

RESUMO

Introducción. La formación médica de posgrado en un sistema de residencias constituye el mejor modelo para la formación de especialistas. La acreditación de residencias implica un proceso de armonización y normalización de criterios. Establece una base común y reproducible, que asegura una formación de calidad y con lineamientos curriculares universales.Objetivo. Describir el proceso de acreditación de residencias de Pediatría por el Consejo de Acreditación de Espacios de Formación entre enero de 2011 y julio de 2017.Métodos. El proceso de acreditación se desarrolló acorde al marco de referencia, que definía 6 dominios y 28 ítems. De acuerdo con su cumplimiento, se especificaron 3 categorías de acreditación. El análisis de las residencias acreditadas se categorizó en tres regiones geográficas: provincia de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (CABA) y otras regiones. Se dicotomizó cada ítem evaluado en no cumplimiento y cumplimiento parcial o total. Las variables categóricas se expresaron en números totales y porcentajes.Resultados. Se evaluaron 94 programas de residencia de Pediatría: 34 (el 36 %) correspondieron a provincia de Buenos Aires; 25 (el 27 %), a CABA, y 35 (el 37 %), a otras regiones. Pertenecían a la gestión pública 79 (el 85 %). Alcanzaron la máxima categoría de acreditación 35 (el 37 %). No fueron acreditadas 4 (el 4 %). El cumplimiento de la mayoría de los ítems pertenecientes a los 6 dominios evaluados fue superior al 80 %.Conclusión. La mayoría de las residencias evaluadas fueron acreditadas y cumplieron con los estándares de referencia


Introduction. Postgraduate medical education as part of a residency system is the best model for specialist training. The accreditation of residency programs entails a harmonization and standardization process. It defines a common and reproducible basis to ensure high-quality training and universal curricular guidelines.Objective. To describe the pediatric residency program accreditation process by the Council for the Accreditation of Education Institutions between January 2011 and July 2017.Methods. The accreditation process was developed according to a reference framework that defined 6 domains and 28 items. Based on compliance, 3 accreditation categories were established. The analysis of accredited residency programs was categorized into 3 geographic regions: province of Buenos Aires, Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (CABA), and other regions. Each analyzed item was dichotomized into non-compliance and partial or total compliance. Categorical outcome measures were expressed in absolute numbers and percentage.Results. Ninety-four pediatric residency programs were assessed: 34 (36%) corresponded to the province of Buenos Aires; 25 (27 %), to CABA; and 35 (37 %), to other regions. In total, 79 (85 %) were in the public sector. The maximum accreditation category was achieved by 35 (37 %). Four (4 %) were not accredited. Compliance for most items corresponding to the 6 domains was over 80 %.Conclusion. Most assessed residency programs were accredited and complied with the reference standards


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acreditação , Internato e Residência , Pediatria , Educação Médica , Tutoria
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(4): e384-e391, agosto 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118509

RESUMO

Introducción. El abordaje del desarrollo en la primera infancia (DPI) y las dificultades del desarrollo (DD) en los países de ingresos bajos o medios (PIBM) requiere de programas aplicables y sostenibles. Se evaluó el programa de capacitación para las unidades de pediatría del desarrollo (UPD) en los centros de referencia tras siete años. Población y métodos. Diseño transversal con métodos cualicuantitativos para evaluar los servicios, la capacitación, la investigación y la promoción de las UPD. Resultados. Se mantuvieron los servicios clínicos, la capacitación, investigación y promoción. En total, 23710 niños fueron derivados. La motivación y resistencia del personal, el respaldo de los administradores y la satisfacción del paciente facilitaron el programa, aunque la invisibilidad dentro del sistema de salud fue un obstáculo. Conclusiones. En Turquía, y posiblemente otros PIBM, el programa de capacitación para las UPD es aplicable y sostenible si se abordan los obstáculos del sistema de salud.


Introduction. Addressing early childhood development (ECD) and developmental difficulties (DDs) in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) requires applicable and sustainable programs. Seven years after its implementation in 2010, we evaluated the Developmental Pediatrics Unit (DPU) Training Program in pediatric referral centers in Turkey. Population and methods. We applied crosssectional design and quantitative/qualitative methods to assess services, training, research and advocacy of the DPUs. Results. Five of six established DPUs sustained clinical services, training, research, and advocacy. A total of 23,710 children (9085 new cases in 2017) had been referred mainly for perinatal risks and chronic illness, all centers contributed with similar proportions of children. Staff motivation and endurance, hospital administrator support, and client satisfaction facilitated the program; whereas invisibility within the performance based healthcare system was a barrier. Conclusions. In Turkey and possibly other LMICs, the DPU Training Program is applicable and sustainable if health system barriers are addressed


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Pediatria , Pobreza , Turquia , Estudos Transversais , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Crianças com Deficiência , Educação , Tutoria
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(4): 286-: I-289, II, agosto 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118602

RESUMO

La participación de los profesionales de la salud es esencial para la mejora de la calidad de atención. Sin embargo, la mayoría de los programas de residencia no incluyen esta temática. El objetivo es presentar una experiencia de formación de residentes en mejora de la calidad de atención.Se incluyó, en el programa de 2.do año de la Residencia de Pediatría, el desarrollo de un ciclo de mejora. Se proporcionó un manual y un curso en línea. Durante 12 meses, se diseñaron 10 propuestas sobre conductas terapéuticas, diagnósticas, comunicación efectiva, admisión de pacientes y logística, a partir de eventos centinela, reporte de incidentes, observación directa y quejas de pacientes. Se formaron equipos de trabajo multidisciplinarios. Se consensuaron protocolos de atención médica y estandarización de procesos.Un programa basado en objetivos pedagógicos en mejora continua de la calidad permitió que los residentes adquirieran formación teórica y experiencia práctica en dicha temática


Health care providers' involvement is critical for quality of care improvement. Nevertheless, most residency programs do not include this topic. The objective is to describe an educational experience on quality of care improvement for residents. The development of an improvement cycle was included in the second year syllabus of the pediatric residency program. A handbook and an online course were provided. Over 12 months, 10 proposals were designed on therapeutic and diagnostic approaches, effective communication, patient admission and logistics; they were based on sentinel events, incident reports, direct observation, and patients' complaints. Multidisciplinary working teams were formed. Health care protocols were agreed and processes were standardized.A program based on educational goals for continuous quality improvement allowed residents to acquire theoretical training and practical experience on the topic


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Tutoria , Pediatria , Educação Médica , Cursos , Internato e Residência
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(4): 290-294, agosto 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118604

RESUMO

Introducción. Currículum oculto son aquellos contenidos aprendidos que no pertenecen al currículum formal. La medicina narrativa permite conocer las experiencias de profesionales de la salud. Aproximarse al currículum oculto permitiría modificar o reforzar instancias de aprendizaje no formal.Objetivo. Analizar producciones narrativas de estudiantes de Medicina para identificar contenidos del currículum oculto.Población y métodos. Estudio de corte transversal con estudiantes de la materia Pediatría durante 2017.Resultados. Los 14 estudiantes de una cursada realizaron 50 narraciones. El 53 % correspondieron al contexto internación; el 17 %, a atención ambulatoria; el 17 %, a la central de emergencias, y el 13 %, a neonatología. Los principales contenidos fueron comunicación médico-paciente, inclusión de la familia en la consulta pediátrica, empatía, enfermedad crónica en los niños y comunicación de malas noticias.Conclusiones. Las producciones narrativas permitieron aproximarse al currículum oculto a través de reflexiones sobre el accionar profesion


Introduction. Hidden curricula are those contents learned that do not belong to the formal curriculum. Narrative medicine allows knowledge of health professionals ́ experiences. Approaching to the hidden curriculum can allow modifying or reinforcing instances of the non-formal learning.Objective. Analyze narrative medical students ́ productions to identify hidden curriculum contents.Population and methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted with Pediatric students during 2017.Results. All the students of the course (14) participated and performed 50 narrative productions: 53 % corresponded to the hospitalization context, 17 % to ambulatory care, 17 % to the emergency center and 13 % to neonatology.The main topics described were doctor-patient communication, importance of family inclusio in the pediatric consultation, empathy, impact of chronic disease in children and communication of bad news.Conclusions. Narrative productions allowed an approximation to the hidden curriculum through reflections on professional action


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Currículo , Educação Médica , Pediatria , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudos Transversais , Tutoria , Medicina Narrativa
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21080, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic conditions are placing a serious burden on individuals as well as the health care system. Health coaching (HC) has emerged as a promising approach that can support effective lifestyle interventions for chronic conditions. However, until now there is no particularly comprehensive systematic review of HC impact on a chronic condition from the angle of patient improvement and detail coaching characteristics reported. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize available studies on the efficacy and current status of HC interventions on the health of chronically ill adult patients. METHODS: The literature search will be conducted for trials published in English within the past four years. Electronic databases CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Embase, MEDLINE, and Scopus will be searched with keywords describing HC for chronic diseases. Randomized controlled trials that compare HC interventions to conventional care or other alternative therapies will be included. Data extraction will be conducted by two reviewers independently, and enrolled trials will be evaluated for quality and bias assessment. If appropriate, meta-analysis will be conducted on the last stage of the review; otherwise, the study findings will be described narratively. The software Review Manager (Revman version 5.3.5.) provided by the Cochrane Collaboration will be applied for the meta-analysis. RESULTS: This is the first study to comprehensively explore the effectiveness and current status of HC intervention for patients with chronic conditions. DISCUSSION: Study findings from this review will advance the appropriate utilization of coaching practice by determining whether HC is effective and feasible among patients with chronic disease. If proven effective, this approach may be applied more broadly through public health interventions. The current status findings will also provide evidence to inform decisions for integrating HC interventions into the current management pathway for individuals with chronic conditions. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42020153280.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/terapia , Tutoria , Terapia Comportamental , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Metanálise como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Autogestão , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
13.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(5): 297-298, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732818

RESUMO

The lack of diversity in the nursing workforce is concerning. Because schools of nursing play an important role in diversifying the nursing workforce, effective strategies must be developed to feed the pipeline. One such strategy is mentoring. The Diversity in Nursing Awareness Project was a mentoring program developed to assist African American students and their parents through the college-going process of nursing education. The aim of the program was not only to bring awareness of nursing as viable career option but also to increase acceptance and enrollment rates of African Americans into baccalaureate degree nursing programs.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Educação em Enfermagem , Tutoria , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos
14.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(5): E31-E32, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32826692

RESUMO

The growing population of older adults requires that nursing programs provide nursing students with the skills and knowledge needed to provide gerontological nursing care. This article describes a reciprocal mentoring exercise used for the clinical practice experience in a new 16-week stand-alone gerontology nursing course. Reflective journaling and responses to a survey revealed positive outcomes for students and mentors.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Educação em Enfermagem , Enfermagem Geriátrica , Tutoria , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Idoso , Humanos , Mentores
15.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236676, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32750073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Consumer-based activity trackers are used to measure and improve physical activity. However, the accuracy of these devices as clinical endpoint or coaching tool is unclear. We investigated the use of two activity trackers as measuring and coaching tool in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and healthy age-matched controls. METHODS: Daily steps were measured by two consumer-based activity trackers (Fitbit Zip, worn at the hip and Fitbit Alta, worn at the wrist) and a validated activity monitor (Dynaport Movemonitor) in 28 patients with COPD and 14 healthy age-matched controls for 14 consecutive days. To investigate the accuracy of the activity trackers as a clinical endpoint, mean step count per patient were compared with the reference activity monitor and agreement was investigated by Bland-Altman plots. To evaluate the accuracy of activity trackers as coaching tool, day-by-day differences within patients were calculated for all three devices. Additionally, consistency of ranking daily steps between the activity trackers and accelerometer was investigated by Kendall correlation coefficient. RESULTS: As a measuring tool, the hip worn activity tracker significantly underestimates daily step count in patients with COPD as compared to DAM (mean±SD Δ-1112±872 steps/day; p<0.0001). This underestimation is less prominent in healthy subjects (p = 0.21). The wrist worn activity tracker showed a non-significant overestimation of step count (p = 0.13) in patients with COPD, and a significant overestimation of daily steps in healthy controls (mean±SD Δ+1907±2147 steps/day; p = 0.006). As a coaching tool, both hip and wrist worn activity tracker were able to pick up the day-by-day variability as measured by Dynaport (consistency of ranking resp. r = 0.80; r = 0.68 in COPD). CONCLUSION: Although the accuracy of hip worn consumer-based activity trackers in patients with COPD and wrist worn activity trackers in healthy subjects as clinical endpoints is unsatisfactory, these devices are valid to use as a coaching tool.


Assuntos
Acelerometria/instrumentação , Coleta de Dados/instrumentação , Monitores de Aptidão Física , Monitorização Ambulatorial/instrumentação , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tutoria , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Phys Ther ; 100(10): 1730-1736, 2020 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734298

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is mounting evidence in support of exercise and physical activity as a first-line approach to managing symptoms and potentially altering disease progression in people with Parkinson disease (PD). For many patients, a critical gap is the need for expert guidance to overcome barriers, set realistic goals, and provide personalized advice to optimize exercise uptake and adherence. The purpose of this case report is to describe a physical activity coaching program (Engage-PD) for individuals newly diagnosed with PD and to highlight rapid modifications made to this program in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS (CASE DESCRIPTION): Engage-PD is a single cohort implementation study of a coaching intervention grounded in self-determination theory being conducted at Columbia University Parkinson's Foundation Center of Excellence in New York City, NY (USA), the early epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. The project was uniquely positioned to be adapted to telehealth delivery and to address an immediate need for support and guidance in the home environment, including people with early-mid-stage PD. Participants completed baseline and follow-up (3 months) assessments and participated in up to 4 coaching sessions, all delivered via a telehealth platform. The intervention incorporated 1:1 coaching, goal-setting, physical activity monitoring, and use of a disease-specific workbook to promote and support safe exercise uptake. RESULTS: While the program is ongoing, 52 referrals were received and 27 individuals with PD enrolled in the first 2 months of the pandemic for a recruitment rate of 52%. Although direct comparisons with pre-coronavirus recruitment are difficult due to the recency of the Engage-PD implementation study, this recruitment rate was larger than expected, which may have been due to several factors (eg, most patients had limited, if any, access to in-person programs and therapy services during this time, so the Engage program filled an immediate need to provide exercise and activity guidance). There was a wide range of scores for both baseline physical activity and self-efficacy measures. CONCLUSION: Remotely delivered interventions may serve as a sustainable platform for physical activity coaching programs for people with PD as well as other neurodegenerative diseases. IMPACT: With the uncertainty brought about by the current pandemic, this case report highlights the opportunity to shift the current model of care for individuals with neurodegenerative diseases such as PD.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico , Promoção da Saúde , Doença de Parkinson/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telemedicina , Estudos de Coortes , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Tutoria , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Cooperação do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
17.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236983, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764768

RESUMO

National efforts to address the diversity dilemma in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) often emphasize increasing numbers of historically underrepresented (HU) students and faculty, but fall short in instituting concrete changes for inclusion and belonging. Therefore, increasing the pool of senior faculty who wish to become guides and advocates for emerging scientists from HU populations is an essential step toward creating new pathways for their career advancement. As a step toward achieving this goal, we created a novel eight-hour intervention on Culturally Aware Mentoring (CAM), a program of the National Research Mentoring Network (NRMN) targeted to faculty and administrators. A previous report of surveys at the end of the CAM sessions revealed substantial awareness and knowledge gains, with participants expressing intentions to use and implement new skills they had learned. In this paper, we provide the results of our thematic analysis of qualitative interviews with academic administrators and faculty, 18-24 months after participation in CAM. Interviews were designed to determine: 1) What changes in self-perceptions and interactions occurred as a result of participation in CAM? 2) What specific components of CAM are associated with changes in individual beliefs and practices? 3) How did participants actively make changes after the CAM workshop? 4) What barriers or challenges do participants encounter after the CAM intervention? The results demonstrate the lasting influences of CAM on participants' awareness of cultural differences, their assumptions about and approaches toward interactions with colleagues and students, and their efforts to change their behaviors to promote inclusive practices in their mentoring and teaching of HU students in STEM. Our findings provide evidence that CAM can be incorporated into existing mentor training programs designed to improve the confidence and capacity of senior research faculty mentors to make culturally-informed, scholar-centered decisions to more deliberately recognize and respond to cultural differences within their mentoring and collegial relationships.


Assuntos
Pessoal Administrativo , Diversidade Cultural , Docentes , Tutoria , Disciplinas das Ciências Biológicas/educação , Docentes de Medicina , Humanos , Mentores , Grupo Associado , Ciência/educação , Ciência/organização & administração , Habilidades Sociais , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Estados Unidos
18.
J Investig Med ; 68(6): 1128-1134, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641352

RESUMO

Mentorship is a critical component of career development, particularly in academic medicine. Peer mentorship, which does not adhere to traditional hierarchies, is perhaps more accessible for underrepresented groups, including women and minorities. In this article, we review various models of peer mentorship, highlighting their respective advantages and disadvantages. Structured peer mentorship groups exist in different settings, such as those created under the auspices of formal career development programs, part of training grant programs, or through professional societies. Social media has further enabled the establishment of informal peer mentorship through participatory online groups, blogs, and forums that provide platforms for peer-to-peer advice and support. Such groups can evolve rapidly to address changing conditions, as demonstrated by physician listserv and Facebook groups related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Peer mentorship can also be found among colleagues brought together through a common location, interest, or goal, and typically these relationships are informal and fluid. Finally, we highlight here our experience with intentional formation of a small peer mentoring group that provides structure and a safe space for professional and social-emotional growth and support. In order to maximize impact and functionality, this model of peer mentorship requires commitment among peers and a more formalized process than many other peer mentoring models, accounting for group dynamics and the unique needs of members. When done successfully, the depth of these mentoring relationships can produce myriad benefits for individuals with careers in academic medicine including, but not limited to, those from underrepresented backgrounds.


Assuntos
Capacitação em Serviço , Relações Interprofissionais , Tutoria , Mentores , Escolha da Profissão , Infecções por Coronavirus , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupos Minoritários , Exposição Ocupacional , Pandemias , Grupo Associado , Médicos , Médicas , Pneumonia Viral , Mídias Sociais , Apoio Social , Sociedades Médicas , Estados Unidos , Universidades
19.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(7-8): 369-371, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701640

RESUMO

In today's dynamic healthcare environment, it is more important than ever that the chief nursing officer (CNO) possesses transformational leadership skills. This includes the cultivation of leaders whom the CNO can partner with to advance strategic priorities that benefit patients, families, clinical nurses, and others within a strong, supportive practice environment. A collaborative partnership not only ensures the advancement of an agenda for change but also enhances communication and visibility and provides an opportunity for development of key individuals on the executive team. By supporting partnerships, the CNO has the opportunity to keep talented leaders in the pipeline and to identify those who should be a part of the succession planning process. This is a critically important concept that can lead to a smooth leadership transition.


Assuntos
Liderança , Tutoria , Enfermeiras Administradoras , Inovação Organizacional , Humanos , Seleção de Pessoal , Técnicas de Planejamento , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal
20.
PLoS Biol ; 18(7): e3000737, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673304

RESUMO

For knowledge to benefit research and society, it must be trustworthy. Trustworthy research is robust, rigorous, and transparent at all stages of design, execution, and reporting. Assessment of researchers still rarely includes considerations related to trustworthiness, rigor, and transparency. We have developed the Hong Kong Principles (HKPs) as part of the 6th World Conference on Research Integrity with a specific focus on the need to drive research improvement through ensuring that researchers are explicitly recognized and rewarded for behaviors that strengthen research integrity. We present five principles: responsible research practices; transparent reporting; open science (open research); valuing a diversity of types of research; and recognizing all contributions to research and scholarly activity. For each principle, we provide a rationale for its inclusion and provide examples where these principles are already being adopted.


Assuntos
Ética em Pesquisa , Pesquisadores , Hong Kong , Humanos , Tutoria , Revisão da Pesquisa por Pares , Pesquisa , Relatório de Pesquisa
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