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1.
Food Chem ; 367: 130647, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343806

RESUMO

To increase the reuse of food residues, multifrequency countercurrent ultrasonic treatment was used to enhance the extraction yield of defatted mulberry seed protein (DMSP), and sweet-flavored peptides from DMSP hydrolysates (DMSPHs) were obtained for the first time. Here, the DMSP yield was increased by 16.2% (p < 0.05) while the power density was halved compared with single-frequency ultrasonic treatment. According to Fick's second law, a molecular diffusion dynamics model was developed to be suitable for predicting the pretreatment conditions (R2 = 0.9785). After that, the sweet-flavored peptides were purified and the main amino acid sequences were identified, i.e., FEGGSIE, KDFPEAHSQAT, and GSQPAEGAK. Moreover, the antioxidant activities of DMSPHs prepared with tri-frequency treatment was higher than 60%. The DMSPHs retarded the growth of HepG2 cells in vitro, increased the necrotic quadrant (Q1-UL), and extended the S phase. Therefore, the sweet-flavored peptides prepared from DMSPHs using the multifrequency-ultrasonic treatment have significant biological activities.


Assuntos
Morus , Antioxidantes , Peptídeos , Sementes , Tecnologia , Ultrassom
2.
Food Chem ; 368: 130848, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479088

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of ultrasonic treatment on the structural characteristics and functional properties of perilla protein isolate (PPI). Besides, the performance of the emulsions stabilized by ultrasonic-treated PPI was analyzed, aiming at exploring the potential mechanism of ultrasonic technology to improve emulsion stability. Results showed that ultrasonic treatment reduced the particle size, induced the exposure of hydrophobic groups and changes in the secondary structure and tertiary conformation of PPI. However, the molecular weight and the crystalline regions were remained unchanged. Apart from this, ultrasonic treatment improved the solubility, water/oil holding capacity, foaming and emulsifying capacity of PPI. Furthermore, the emulsions prepared by ultrasonic-treated PPI possessed the highest stability, which might be due to the smaller droplets size and reduced droplets attraction by higher proportion of interfacial adsorbed protein. This findings will provide a new insight into the application of ultrasonic to improve the stability of PPI-stabilized emulsions.


Assuntos
Perilla , Emulsões , Tamanho da Partícula , Solubilidade , Ultrassom , Água
3.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131872, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411932

RESUMO

In this study, the degradation of Metronidazole (MNZ) using CuCoFe2O4@MC/AC catalyst synthesized by microwave-assisted method, as an efficient activator for persulfate (PS) in the presence of ultrasonic (US: 60 kHz) was investigated. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS)-Mapping and Line scan, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Vibrating-sample magnetometer (VSM), and Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) were conducted to characterize the structure of CuCoFe2O4@MC/AC catalyst and then the catalyst dose, PS dose, MNZ concentration, and pH parameters were optimized. The maximum MNZ degradation of 93.78 % was achieved after 15 min reaction at the optimized operation conditions: 0.4 g L-1 of catalyst, 6 mM of PS, 5 mg L-1 of MNZ, and pH of 3. The removal efficiency of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) was 87.5 % under optimal conditions. According to kinetic equations, it was found that the MNZ degradation followed both kinetics (pseudo-first-order and Langmuir-Hinshelwood) based on the coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.949, 0.9716, 0.9073, 0.9721, and 0.9662 at concentrations of 5, 10, 15, 20, and 30, respectively. The surface reaction rate constant (Kc) and the adsorption equilibrium constant (KL-H) of the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model were 0.81 (mg L-1 min-1) and 2.184 (L mg-1), respectively. The free radical scavenging experiments were conducted to illustration the proposed mechanism, which shown that the SO4-• was the predominant radicals involved in MNZ degradation. Finally, the regeneration of the catalyst was investigated and showed that after five cycles of use and regeneration by chemical and thermal methods, this catalyst has acceptable chemical stability.


Assuntos
Metronidazol , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Catálise , Ultrassom , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 1): 412-422, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509115

RESUMO

CdS/ZnO nano heterojunction was synthesized and applied in piezocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) under ultrasonic vibration. The optimal CdS/ZnO composite with a CdS content of 35% presented the highest RhB degradation efficiency (98.8%) in 90 min. The degradation rate reached 4.02 h-1, which was 5.6 and 2.8 times higher than that of CdS and ZnO, respectively. In addition, CdS/ZnO showed high stability in the piezocatalytic reaction. The as-prepared CdS/ZnO piezocatalysts were characterized by multiple techniques to reveal the nature behind the enhanced catalytic activity. Results indicated that CdS nanoparticles were tightly loaded onto the surface of ZnO. The piezoelectric properties of the CdS/ZnO composites were the origin of their piezocatalytic behavior. The suitable band potentials of CdS and ZnO triggered the formation of a heterojunction structure, thereby driving the second distribution of the piezo-induced charge carriers. Therefore, the separation efficiency of charge carriers and the piezocatalytic performance was greatly elevated. The high piezocatalytic activity and stability indicated that CdS/ZnO may have wide application potential in the piezocatalytic degradation of organic dyes by using ultrasonic vibration energy.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cádmio , Óxido de Zinco , Sulfetos , Ultrassom , Águas Residuárias
5.
Food Chem ; 370: 131067, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537430

RESUMO

This study evaluated different ultrasonic treatments for lignan biosynthesis in two varieties of flax sprouts. Results showed that lignans in flax sprouts significantly raised with ultrasonic pretreatment. Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside dramatically increased by about 6-fold at the flax sprouts. Ultrasonic pretreatment could also affect the accumulation of caffeic acid and p-coumaric acid in flax sprouts. Moreover, it is suggested that fiber flax sprout was more sensitive to ultrasonic pretreatment. The expression levels of genes involved in the biosynthesis of lignan were analyzed and the results could partly explain the accumulation of these compounds. The contents of secoisolariciresinol diglucoside were clustered with ferulic acid, which indicated that the accumulation of ferulic acid might be the key factor during flax sprout maturation for lignan accumulation. Present study could be useful guidance for ultrasonic pretreatment in the promotion of lignan accumulation and the fortification of nutritional values in flax sprouts as a functional vegetable.


Assuntos
Linho , Lignanas , Ultrassom
6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(1): 53-61, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34031881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Corn silk is a very important by-product of corn production with medicinal value. Corn silk polysaccharide (CSP) is the main active ingredient. In the present study, ultrasound and spheroidization by anti-solvent were applied to improve the biological activity of CSP. RESULTS: The results showed that ultrasonic degradation improved the α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of CSP by changing its physicochemical characteristics. As the anti-solvent ratio increased, the particle size of the nanoparticles (NPs) from the spheroidization of ultrasonic-degraded corn silk polysaccharide (UCSP) gradually increased, and NP-1 exhibited the highest inhibitory effect of α-glucosidase. Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) results indicated that the enhanced activity might be due to more α-glucosidase binding sites with NP-1 compared with no spheroidization. Western blotting results showed that NP-1 could improve the 2-[N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl) amino]-2-deoxy-d-glucose (2-NBDG) uptake in the L6 cells by regulating the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signal pathway and the translocation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4). NP-1 also exhibited excellent stability in different environments. CONCLUSION: The study revealed that ultrasonic treatment and spheroidization processing showed potential applications for improving the biological activity of polysaccharides. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Zea mays/química , Animais , Transporte Biológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Glucose/metabolismo , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 4/genética , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 4/metabolismo , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Ultrassom , alfa-Glucosidases/química
7.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131780, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358887

RESUMO

Sonochemical oxidation activity may be significantly enhanced by optimizing the geometric factors of a sonoreactor and implementing additional physical actions, such as mechanical mixing and gas sparging. This study investigates the effects of liquid recirculation flow on sonochemical oxidation reactions. This was carried out through experimental testing with a 28 kHz bath-type sonoreactor under various liquid heights and flow rates, ranging from 1λ to 4.0λ and 1.5-6.0 L/min, respectively. The potassium iodide (KI) dosimetry and sonochemiluminescence methods were used in the experiment. With an increase in the liquid height/volume, the pseudo zero-order kinetic constant and the mass of triiodide (I3-) ions fluctuated. The optimal liquid height was 2.0λ, 2.5λ, and 3.0λ, based on the appropriate formation of a cavitation active zone in the reactor. The introduction of a liquid recirculation flow led to a large reduction in sonochemical activity due to the shrinkage of the cavitation active zone. However, the sonochemical activity increased at higher flow rates through the capture of ultrasonic energy at the bottom zone. This increase was attributed to the formation of a strong and expanded active zone limited to the reactor bottom to the height of the recirculation flow. The results demonstrate that applying a high rate liquid flow adjacent to the transducer module may be beneficial for enhanced sonochemical activity.


Assuntos
Sonicação , Ultrassom , Oxirredução , Fenômenos Físicos , Radiometria
8.
Trials ; 22(1): 764, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease with the primary clinical symptoms of joint swelling and pain. Early detection of erosion and synovial inflammation at an active stage resulting from RA can prevent damage to the joints and activity restriction. However, there are still many patients who do not respond to these treatments; the development of newer, safer drugs is urgently needed. Compared to Western medicine, Guizhi-Shaoyao-Zhimu decoction has equal or higher efficacy and safety for RA patients. With the widespread use of musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS), this technology holds great value for the degree of joint damage in RA patients, guiding the clinical selection of treatments, and assessing of prognosis. Therefore, we designed a double-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial to measure the safety and efficacy of Guizhi-Shaoyao-Zhimu decoction in treating early-stage RA using MSUS. METHODS: This study is a randomized, double-blinded, parallel group, placebo-controlled trial. A total of 152 adult participants with early RA will be enrolled, with balanced treatment allocation (1:1). The experimental intervention will be Guizhi-Shaoyao-Zhimu decoction plus the conventional medicine methotrexate and the control intervention will be placebo plus the conventional drug methotrexate for 3 months. In addition, both groups will receive folic acid during treatment to prevent side effects from methotrexate. The primary outcomes are the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), hepatic and renal function, visual analog scale, disease activity score in 28 joints, measurement scale for TCM symptoms, and 7-joint ultrasound score. DISCUSSION: We designed this double-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Guizhi-Shaoyao-Zhimu decoction in RA patients using MSUS. The results of this trial may provide insights into how to improve the clinical symptoms of RA patients and delay further joint destruction. We hope that this trial may provide preliminary evidence of the efficacy of Guizhi-Shaoyao-Zhimu decoction in treating RA patients and that these results aid researchers, practitioners, and patients alike. AIM: The main aim of the study is to clarify the efficacy and safety of Guizhi-Shaoyao-Zhimu decoction in patients with early RA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trials Register ChiCTR2000036141 . Registered on 21 August 2020 (retroactively registered).


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Método Duplo-Cego , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassom
9.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(11): 940-946, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743458

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the safety and clinical efficacy of "zoning" style laminectomy by ultrasonic bone curette in patients with severe thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum(TOLF). Methods: The clinical data of 36 patients with severe TOLF treated by "zoning" style laminectomy at Department of Spinal Surgery,Zhengzhou Orthopaedic Hospital from October 2015 to October 2018 were respectively analyzed.There were 17 males and 19 females,aged(57.3±10.2)years(range:43 to 80 years).According to the anatomical characteristics of the thoracic ligamentum flavum and the pathological process of ossionization,each decompression segment was divided into the upper 1/3 area of the lamina,the bilateral area of the ossionum flavum,the transitional area,and the area of close contact between the ossionum flavum and the spinal cord.Different surgical strategies were used for decompression in turn.The modified Japanese Orthopedic Association (mJOA) was used to evaluate the neurological function status before and after surgery,to evaluate the surgical effect of patients,and to observe the surgical complications.Paired sample T test was used for data analysis. Results: All 36 patients successfully completed the operation,the operation time was (88.6±24.6) minutes(range:60 to 150 minutes).The intraoperative blood loss was (426.7±167.4) ml(range:250 to 800 ml).Follow-up time was (27.2±7.7) months(range:12 to 48 months).The mJOA score at the last follow-up was 9.0±1.5,which was statistically significant compared with the preoperative score 5.4±1.8 (t=13.59,P<0.01).The improvement rate of mJOA score was (65.7±22.1) %,of which 17 cases were excellent (47.2%),13 cases were good (36.1%),4 cases were normal (11.1%),2 cases were ineffective (5.6%).Ten patients had cerebrospinal fluid leakage during the separation or removal of dural ossification and were cured after a series of comprehensive conservative treatment.Two patients showed transient neurological deterioration,and the neurological function gradually recovered to the preoperative state after comprehensive treatment such as increasing the mean arterial pressure and using neurotrophic drugs.During the follow-up,no aggravation of neurological dysfunction and segmental kyphosis were found. Conclusions: The ultrasonic bone curette-assisted "zoning" style laminectomy for the treatment of severe TOLF can directly observed the position relationship between ossification of the ligamentum flavum and the spinal canal structure during the operation,and accurately guide the surgical decompression.It has the advantages of safe operation and complete decompression,which provides an important reference for the selection of clinical surgery.


Assuntos
Ligamento Amarelo , Ossificação Heterotópica , Feminino , Humanos , Laminectomia , Ligamento Amarelo/cirurgia , Masculino , Ossificação Heterotópica/cirurgia , Osteogênese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Ultrassom
10.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 825-829, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743467

RESUMO

Objective: To discuss the ultrasonic manifestations of blind microphthalmia, and to explore the correlation between axis length and complicity of intraocular structure of blind microphthalmia. Methods: Retrospective case series study. The data of ultrasonic imaging and axis length of 162 patients (162 eyes) with blind microphthalmia diagnosed in Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital from July 2013 to July 2018 were collected. According to the degree of internal structure disorder, all affected eyes were divided into groups of the normal, the abnormal and the indistinguishable. The binocular axial length in these patients were compared. The relationship between the axial length and the age of the patients, and the structural changes of the blind microphthalmia with a basic structure were analyzed. Statistical methods were mainly performed by paired t-test, one-way linear regression analysis and one-way analysis of variance. Results: The disease was unilateral in all the 162 patients. The age ranged from 1 month to 58 years old. And 139 cases (85.80%) were under 12 years old. There were 90 males and 72 females. The mean axial length of the affected eyes (162 eyes) was (13.17±3.77) mm, while the mean axial length of the control eyes (162 eyes) was (21.85±2.01) mm. There was significantly statistical difference in the ocular size between them (t=-27.369; P<0.01). There was no significant correlation between the axial length of the affected eye and age in patients with unilateral blind microphthalmia (r=0.027; P>0.05), while there was a significant correlation between the axial length of the control eye and age (r=0.590; P<0.01). The axial length of the groups of the normal (14 eyes), the abnormal (91 eyes) and the indistinguishable (57 eyes) was (17.80±2.19) mm, (14.81±2.92) mm and (10.05±2.46) mm, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (F=72.800; P<0.01), and there was also significant difference between the two groups (all P<0.01). Ocular ultrasonic imaging showed that 105 eyes (64.81%) had a basic ocular structure, 83 eyes (51.23%) had retinal detachment, 15 eyes (9.26%) had bulbar ossification, and 10 eyes (6.17%) had optic disc abnormality. Conclusions: Blind microphthalmia mostly has a basic ocular structure and is often associated with retinal detachment. The axial length of the affected eye is correlated with the degree of intraocular structural disorder. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 825-829).


Assuntos
Microftalmia , Criança , Olho , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Microftalmia/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassom , Ultrassonografia
11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(21)2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770495

RESUMO

Based on the principle of underwater transducers, an ultrasonic four-laminated transducer with a frequency of 1 MHz was proposed to solve the problem of large energy attenuation when ultrasonic waves propagate in viscoelastic media. First, this study targeted solid rocket propellant as the research object, and the energy attenuation characteristics of ultrasonic waves propagating in viscoelastic media were analyzed through the derivation of the wave equation. Second, the structure of a four-laminated transducer with a frequency of 1 MHz was designed, and the resonance frequency was obtained by a graphical method. The sound field simulation and experimental results showed that the gain of the four-laminated transducer was 15 dB higher than that of the single-wafer transducer. An ultrasonic feature scanning system was built to complete the qualitative and quantitative detection of the smallest artificial hole (ϕ2 mm × 10 mm). Finally, two different natural defects were scanned, and the results were compared with those obtained using an industrial computed tomography detection system. The results showed that the ultrasonic method was more accurate in characterizing two natural defects. The primary cause was that the industrial CT was not sensitive to defects parallel to the incident direction of the ray. Therefore, this study not only achieved the qualitative and quantitative nondestructive testing of solid rocket propellants, but also provides an important reference for other viscoelastic components.


Assuntos
Transdutores , Ultrassom , Simulação por Computador , Som , Vibração
12.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(21)2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770651

RESUMO

Guided waves (GW) and acoustic emission (AE) -based structural health monitoring (SHM) have widespread applications in structures, as the monitoring of an entire structure is possible with a limited number of sensors. Optical fiber-based sensors offer several advantages, such as their low weight, small size, ability to be embedded, and immunity to electro-magnetic interference. Therefore, they have long been regarded as an ideal sensing solution for SHM. In this review, the different optical fiber technologies used for ultrasonic sensing are discussed in detail. Special attention has been given to the new developments in the use of FBG sensors for ultrasonic measurements, as they are the most promising and widely used of the sensors. The paper highlights the physics of the wave coupling to the optical fiber and explains the different phenomena such as directional sensitivity and directional coupling of the wave. Applications of the different sensors in real SHM applications have also been discussed. Finally, the review identifies the encouraging trends and future areas where the field is expected to develop.


Assuntos
Fibras Ópticas , Ultrassom , Tecnologia de Fibra Óptica
13.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 24(11): 1662-1668, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782506

RESUMO

Background: To assess the efficiency of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), etidronic (HEBP), and peracetic (PAA) acids agitated with ultrasonic energy or diode laser on removing calcium hydroxide (CH) dressings from root canal walls. Material and Methods: Single root canals of eighty extracted human teeth were chemomechanically instrumented and filled with CH. Sixty teeth were divided into six experimental groups (n = 10) according to the applied irrigation regimens for the removal of CH: Group 1: 5.25% NaOCl-17% EDTA, Passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI); Group 2: 5.25% NaOCl + 9% HEBP, PUI; Group 3: 5.25% NaOCl-2% PAA, PUI; Group 4: 5.25% NaOCl-17% EDTA, Diode laser-activated irrigation (LAI); Group 5: 5.25% NaOCl + 9% HEBP, LAI; Group 6: 5.25% NaOCl-2% PAA, LAI. The other 20 teeth were served as negative (n = 10) and positive controls (n = 10). The residuary amount of CH was scored in coronal, middle, and apical thirds of the root canals by using scanning electron microscope. The data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis H with Bonferroni adjusted Mann-Whitney U test with a significance level of 0.05. Results: Etidronic acid activated with ultrasonics or diode laser removed the highest amount of CH from the middle third of root canals, compared to the other irrigation regimens (P < 0.001). Although the residual CH scores of PAA-PUI, PAA-LAI, and EDTA-PUI, EDTA-LAI groups were not statistically different from each other (P > 0.05), lower amount of CH was observed in the PAA-PUI and PAA-LAI groups. Conclusions: Use of etidronic acid activated with ultrasonics or diode laser can be an appropriate irrigation regimen for CH removal from root canal system.


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Cálcio , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Cavidade Pulpar , Ácido Edético , Humanos , Lasers Semicondutores , Ácido Peracético , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Hipoclorito de Sódio , Irrigação Terapêutica , Ultrassom
14.
Anal Chem ; 93(45): 14934-14939, 2021 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723511

RESUMO

The mesh-type USB piezoelectric ultrasonic transducer (USB-PUT) used in household humidifiers and inhalation therapy devices is very cheap, small, and energy saving. It holds great promise for sonochemistry. However, the microtapered apertures in the center of the stainless steel substrate of mesh-type USB-PUT can lead to rapid atomization of solution, leakage of solutions containing surfactants and organic solvent through the apertures, and high background emission. Herein, we design a new type of USB-PUT by replacing the meshed stainless steel substrate with an apertureless stainless steel substrate. We have found that this apertureless USB-PUT can not only induce intense sonochemiluminescence (SCL) but can also enable sensitive luminol SCL detection of hydrogen peroxide which is practically impossible using mesh-type PUT because of the strong background SCL emission. By using this apertureless device to induce SCL and using smart phone as a detector, a visual hydrogen peroxide SCL detection method with a linear range of 0.5-50 µM and a detection limit of 0.32 µM is established. Moreover, the device can achieve the detection of glucose oxidase (GOD) activity and glucose by enzymatic conversion of glucose to hydrogen peroxide. The linear range of GOD detection is 1-200U/L with a detection limit of 0.86 U/L. The linear range of glucose detection is 0.5-70 µM with a detection limit of 0.43 µM. The cheap (a few dollars) and user-friendly apertureless USB-PUT is promising for sonochemistry applications and chemical education.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Glucose , Glucose Oxidase , Limite de Detecção , Transdutores , Ultrassom
15.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(46): 14004-14012, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761930

RESUMO

The effects of ultrasound combined with glycation (UCG) on the allergenicity and human microbial community of ß-Lg during in vitro digestion were studied by ELISA, cell experiments, and 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing. UCG modification and subsequent digestion significantly reduced allergenicity. The decrease in the allergenicity of ß-Lg depended not only on the low digestibility of glycated ß-Lg, which led to the decrease of some peptides with complete immunogenicity, but also the masking effect of glycation on allergen epitopes of ß-Lg. Meanwhile, UCG modification and subsequent digestion could alter the structures of intestinal microbiota and the community abundance at phylum, family, and genus levels, such as Bacteroidota, Fusobacteriota, Enterobacteriaceae, Bacteroidaceae, Ruminococcaceae, Bacteroides, and Faecalibacterium. These results show that simulated in vitro digestion of modified ß-Lg reduces allergenicity and alters human intestinal microbiota, which could provide a theoretical basis for studying the relationship between intestinal dysbiosis and cow's milk allergy.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hipersensibilidade a Leite , Alérgenos , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E , Lactoglobulinas , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Ultrassom
16.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 45(5): 536-538, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628767

RESUMO

Ultrasound guided needle biopsy or catheterization is a rising operation in clinical diagnosis and treatment. However, poor visualization under ultrasound is the main disadvantage of this technique. This paper summarized the basic methods used to solve such problem, as well as the corresponding product technical requirements.


Assuntos
Agulhas , Ultrassom , Cateteres , Ultrassonografia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
17.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 4761-4769, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The early stage of atherosclerosis (AS) demonstrates a lipid-driven inflammatory cytokine increase. In the present study, we aimed to use ultrasound-targeted microbubble delivery (UTMD) therapy with the Endostar-loaded target microbubbles (MBs) to reduce AS-related inflammatory response. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Normal and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were placed in a parallel-plate flow chamber. MBs were perfused through the parallel-plate flow chamber to mimic physiological blood flow. Five groups were set up: G1: Negative control (normal HUVECs); G2: LPS control (LPS induced HUVECs); G3: ICAM-1-loaded-MBs (MBi); G4: Endostar-loaded-MBs (MBe) and G5: Endostar-ICAM-1-loaded-MBs (MBei). mRNA expression of inflammatory factors and release of inflammatory cytokines were detected by RT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. RESULTS: After treatment with MBei, the mRNA expression of cell adhesion molecule-1 (CD31) (p=0.004), endothelin-1 (ET-1) (p=0.010), von willebrand factor (vWF) (p=0.018), extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK) (p=0.046) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) (p=0.003) were significantly reduced compared to LPS-induced HUVECs. Release of inflammatory cytokines including tissue factor (TF) (p=0.033), tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TF-PI) (p=0.019), ET-1 (p=0.014), vWF (p=0.030) and blood-coagulation factor VIIα (FVIIα) (p=0.000) were also significantly reduced compared to LPS-induced HUVECs. CONCLUSION: UTMD therapy can inhibit the inflammatory response by reducing atherosclerotic-related inflammatory factors, suggesting a potential treatment at the early-stage of AS.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Fibrinolíticos/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Microbolhas , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Aterosclerose/induzido quimicamente , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/terapia , Adesão Celular , Endostatinas/química , Endostatinas/farmacologia , Fibrinolíticos/química , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/imunologia , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Ultrassom
18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(20)2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695913

RESUMO

The interfaces between users and systems are evolving into a more natural communication, including user gestures as part of the interaction, where air-writing is an emerging application for this purpose. The aim of this work is to propose a new air-writing system based on only one array of ultrasonic transceivers. This track will be obtained based on the pairwise distance of the hand marker with each transceiver. After acquiring the track, different deep learning algorithms, such as long short-term memory (LSTM), convolutional neural networks (CNN), convolutional autoencoder (ConvAutoencoder), and convolutional LSTM have been evaluated for character recognition. It has been shown how these algorithms provide high accuracy, where the best result is extracted from the ConvLSTM, with 99.51% accuracy and 71.01 milliseconds of latency. Real data were used in this work to evaluate the proposed system in a real scenario to demonstrate its high performance regarding data acquisition and classification.


Assuntos
Redes Neurais de Computação , Ultrassom , Algoritmos , Gestos , Redação
19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(19)2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640734

RESUMO

In this paper, a novel ring-down suppression system based on transfer function is proposed for the first time to suppress the ring-down time and decrease the blind area of PMUTs (Piezoelectric Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducers). This suppression system includes a transfer function and a simple P (proportion) controller, which can reduce the ring-down time without degrading any performances of PMUTs. The transfer function serves as a virtual PMUT device, feeding its output into the P controller; then, the P controller generates a suppression signal to the actual PMUT device. The ring-down time of a 115-kHz PMUT array is demonstrated to be reduced by up to 93% through the suppression system. In addition, the P controller has been experimentally optimized, reducing the blind area of the PMUT array by about 40%. Moreover, a low ring-down PMUTs system design guideline is established, which is practical and straightforward for industrial scenarios. Finally, the system can be easily integrated into ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuit).


Assuntos
Sistemas Microeletromecânicos , Transdutores , Desenho de Equipamento , Ultrassom , Ultrassonografia
20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(19)2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640924

RESUMO

The development and research of an ultrasonic-based concrete structural health monitoring system encounters a variety of problems, such as demands of decreasing complexity, high accuracy, and extendable system output. Aiming at these requirements, a low-cost extendable system based on FPGA with adjustable system output has been designed, and the performance has been evaluated by different assessment parameters set in this paper. Besides the description of the designed system and the experiments in air medium, the residual similarity and Pearson correlation coefficients of experimental and theoretical data have been used to evaluate the submodules' output. The output performance of the overall system is evaluated by the Pearson correlation coefficient, root-mean-square error (RMSE), and magnitude-squared coherence with 40 experimental data. The maximum, median, minimum, and mean values in three-parameter datasets are analyzed for discussing the working condition of the system. The experimental results show that the system works stably and reliably with tunable frequency and amplitude output.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Ultrassom , Monitorização Fisiológica
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