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1.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(2): 87-90, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051071

RESUMO

Since December 2019, the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection has been prevalent in China. Due to immaturity of immune function and the possibility of mother-fetal vertical transmission, neonates are particularly susceptible to 2019-nCoV. The perinatal-neonatal departments should cooperate closely and take integrated approaches, and the neonatal intensive care unit should prepare the emergency plan for 2019-nCoV infection as far as possible, so as to ensure the optimal management and treatment of potential victims. According to the latest 2019-nCoV national management plan and the actual situation, the Working Group for the Prevention and Control of Neonatal 2019-nCoV Infection in the Perinatal Period of the Editorial Committee of Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics puts forward recommendations for the prevention and control of 2019-nCoV infection in neonates.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Criança , China , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Gravidez
2.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(2): 91-95, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051072

RESUMO

2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection has been spreading in China since December 2019. Neonates are presumably the high-risk population susceptible to 2019-nCoV due to immature immune function. The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) should be prepared for 2019-nCoV infections as far as possible. The emergency response plan enables the efficient response capability of NICU. During the epidemic of 2019-nCoV, the emergency response plan for the NICU should be based on the actual situation, including diagnosis, isolation, and treatment, as well as available equipment and staffing, and take into account the psychosocial needs of the families and neonatal care staff.


Assuntos
Coronavirus , China , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Fatores de Risco
3.
Urology ; 135: 137-138, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895676
4.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 285-290, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893422

RESUMO

In neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), 87.5% of alarms by the monitoring system are false alarms, often caused by the movements of the neonates. Such false alarms are not only stressful for the neonates as well as for their parents and caregivers, but may also lead to longer response times in real critical situations. The aim of this project was to reduce the rates of false alarms by employing machine learning algorithms (MLA), which intelligently analyze data stemming from standard physiological monitoring in combination with cerebral oximetry data (in-house built, OxyPrem). MATERIALS & METHODS: Four popular MLAs were selected to categorize the alarms as false or real: (i) decision tree (DT), (ii) 5-nearest neighbors (5-NN), (iii) naïve Bayes (NB) and (iv) support vector machine (SVM). We acquired and processed monitoring data (median duration (SD): 54.6 (± 6.9) min) of 14 preterm infants (gestational age: 26 6/7 (± 2 5/7) weeks). A hybrid method of filter and wrapper feature selection generated the candidate subset for training these four MLAs. RESULTS: A high specificity of >99% was achieved by all four approaches. DT showed the highest sensitivity (87%). The cerebral oximetry data improved the classification accuracy. DISCUSSION & CONCLUSION: Despite a (as yet) low amount of data for training, the four MLAs achieved an excellent specificity and a promising sensitivity. Presently, the current sensitivity is insufficient since, in the NICU, it is crucial that no real alarms are missed. This will most likely be improved by including more subjects and data in the training of the MLAs, which makes pursuing this approach worthwhile.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Aprendizado de Máquina , Monitorização Fisiológica , Oximetria , Teorema de Bayes , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/métodos , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Oximetria/métodos , Oximetria/normas
5.
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed ; 105(1): 50-55, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31123055

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Higher rates of neonatal morbidity and mortality at term combined with earlier spontaneous delivery have led to the hypothesis that babies born to South Asian born (SA-born) women may mature earlier and/or their placental function decreases earlier than babies born to Australian and New Zealand born (Aus/NZ-born) women. Whether babies born to SA-born women do better in the preterm period, however, has yet to be evaluated. In this study we investigated respiratory outcomes, indicative of functional maturity, of preterm babies born to SA-born women compared with those of Aus/NZ-born women to explore this hypothesis further. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at Monash Health. PATIENTS: Data were collected from neonatal and birth records of moderate-late preterm (32-36 weeks) infants born between 2012 and 2015 to SA-born and Aus/NZ-born women. OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of nursery admissions and neonatal respiratory outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Babies born to Aus/NZ-born women were more likely to be admitted to a nursery (80%) compared with SA-born babies (72%, p=0.004). Babies born to SA-born mothers experienced significantly less hyaline membrane disease (7.8%), required less resuscitation at birth (28.6%) and were less likely to require ventilation (20%) than babies born to Aus/NZ-born mothers (18%, 42.2%, 34.6%; p<0.001). There was no difference in the duration of ventilation or length of stay in hospital. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-late preterm babies born to SA-born women appear to have earlier functional maturity, as indicated by respiratory outcomes, than Aus/NZ-born babies. Our findings support the hypothesis of earlier fetal maturation in SA-born women.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Doença da Membrana Hialina/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro , Ressuscitação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Ásia Sudeste/etnologia , Austrália , Peso ao Nascer , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Mães , Nova Zelândia , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Urology ; 135: 136-138, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568794

RESUMO

Neonatal testicular torsion is an uncommon event that rarely results in testicular salvage. We present 2 cases in the neonatal intensive care unit of extremely premature males (<28 weeks gestation) with witnessed testicular torsion, prompt diagnosis, surgical detorsion, and good short-term outcomes. Although an uncommon scenario, we present the feasibility of surgery in the extremely premature infant and potential for testicular salvage.


Assuntos
Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Doenças do Prematuro/cirurgia , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Torção do Cordão Espermático/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Prematuro/diagnóstico , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Masculino , Torção do Cordão Espermático/diagnóstico , Testículo/diagnóstico por imagem , Testículo/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler
9.
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed ; 105(1): 33-40, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079068

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of mortality and morbidity between outborn and propensity score-matched inborn extremely preterm neonates. SETTING: Multiple neonatal intensive care units (NICU) across the USA. PATIENTS: Singleton neonates born at 22-29 weeks' gestation with no major anomalies who were admitted to a NICU and discharged between 2000 and 2014. Outborn neonates were restricted to those who transferred into a NICU on the day of birth. METHODS: The association between inborn-outborn status and the time-to-event outcomes of in-hospital mortality and necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) were assessed using Cox proportional hazards regression. Logistic regression was used to assess the remaining secondary outcomes: retinopathy of prematurity requiring treatment (tROP), chronic lung disease (CLD), periventricular leucomalacia (PVL) and severe intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH). Since outborn status was not random, we used 1:1 propensity score matching to reduce the imbalance in illness severity. RESULTS: There were 59 942 neonates (7991 outborn) included in the study. Outborn neonates had poorer survival than inborns and higher rates of NEC, severe IVH, tROP and PVL. Inborn-outborn disparities in mortality were reduced over the study period. When analysing the matched cohort (6524 matched pairs), outborns were less likely to die in-hospital compared with inborns (HR 0.84, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.91). However, outborns experienced higher rates of NEC (HR 1.14, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.25), severe IVH (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.38 to 1.68), tROP (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.25 to 1.69) and CLD (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.24). CONCLUSION: Additional research is needed to understand the contributors to increased morbidity for outborn extremely preterm neonates and identify interventions that mitigate this risk.


Assuntos
Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral Intraventricular/epidemiologia , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Enterocolite Necrosante/epidemiologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Leucomalácia Periventricular/epidemiologia , Lesão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Masculino , Análise por Pareamento , Transferência de Pacientes , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 54-61, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1048006

RESUMO

Objetivo: conhecer a percepção dos trabalhadores de enfermagem acerca das cargas de trabalho em uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal. Método: estudo qualitativo com 24 trabalhadores de enfermagem em uma unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal em um hospital universitário, em junho de 2017, por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas e analisadas por análise textual discursiva. Resultados: verificou-se que os trabalhadores de enfermagem percebem sua exposição às cargas de trabalho e as relacionam com a ocorrência de acidentes e doenças de trabalho. As cargas psíquicas foram as mais representativas no ambiente de trabalho, entretanto, destaca-se a relação identificada pelos trabalhadores entre as cargas químicas e os produtos utilizados na limpeza das incubadoras. Conclusão: o reconhecimento das cargas de trabalho oportuniza a criação de medidas que possam minimizá-las durante a assistência de recém-nascidos em cuidado intensivo, visando à saúde do trabalhador


Objective: the study's purpose has been to know the perception of nursing workers about the workloads in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Method: this is a qualitative study performed with 24 nursing professionals in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at a University Hospital, on June 2017, through semi-structured interviews and analyzed through textual discourse analysis. Results: it has been verified that the nursing workers notice their exposition to workloads and relate them with the occurrence of accidents and illnesses at work. The psychic workloads were the most representative in the working environment, however, it is highlighted the relation identified by the workers between the chemical workloads and the products used in the cleaning of incubators. Conclusion: the recognition of workloads makes possible the creation of measures that can minimize them during the assistance to newborns in intensive care, aiming at the workers' health


Objetivo: conocer la percepción de los trabajadores de enfermería acerca de las cargas de trabajo en una Unidad de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal. Método: estudio cualitativo con 24 trabajadores de enfermería en una unidad de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal en un hospital universitario, en junio de 2017, por medio de entrevistas semi-estructuradas y analizadas por análisis textual discursiva. Resultados: se verificó que los trabajadores de enfermería perciben su exposición a las cargas de trabajo y las relacionan con la ocurrencia de accidentes y enfermedades de trabajo. Las cargas psíquicas fueron las más representativas en el ambiente de trabajo, sin embargo, se destaca la relación identificada por los trabajadores entre las cargas químicas y los productos utilizados en la limpieza de las incubadoras. Conclusión: el reconocimiento de las cargas de trabajo proporciona la creación de medidas que puedan minimizarlas durante la asistencia de recién nacidos en cuidado intensivo, objetivando la salud del trabajador


Assuntos
Humanos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Carga de Trabalho , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Brasil , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal
12.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 66(6): 66-73, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802456

RESUMO

Neonatal acute kidney injury is a common clinical condition encountered in neonatal intensive care units. Acute kidney injury in newborns is associated with a poor prognosis and significantly increased risks of mortality and chronic kidney disease. Neonatal kidney function changes with gestation and neonatal extra-uterine adaptation affects the transformation and regulation of renal functions. In particular, premature infants are more likely to develop acute kidney injury due to incomplete kidney development, which increases the difficulty of care. It is necessary to understand the definition and risk factors of acute kidney injury in neonates as well as treatment options, which include maintai­ning body fluid and water balance, stabilizing electrolyte levels, and implementing renal replacement therapy. Healthcare providers must carefully evaluate a newborn's physiological changes after birth and use relevant biological indicators to detect acute kidney injury as early as possible in order to prevent or reduce the risk of acute kidney injury and provide appropriate care to improve the quality of newborn care.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Fatores de Risco
14.
Enferm. intensiva (Ed. impr.) ; 30(4): 170-180, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184481

RESUMO

Introducción: Los catéteres centrales de inserción periférica se han convertido en una prioridad en los neonatos que necesitan terapia intravenosa de larga duración, pero su uso no está exento de riesgos. Objetivo: Describir la aparición de eventos adversos en neonatos portadores de catéteres venosos centrales de inserción periférica y determinar factores de riesgo asociados a ellos. Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio descriptivo transversal en el que se incluyeron la totalidad de neonatos portadores de catéteres venosos centrales de inserción periférica desde el 1 de octubre de 2014 hasta el 30 de septiembre de 2015. Se registraron los eventos adversos y variables sociodemográficas y clínicas relacionadas con los neonatos y los catéteres analizados. Resultados: Se incluyeron en el estudio un total de 116 neonatos y 140 catéteres. Se registraron eventos adversos en el 16,4% de ellos: bacteriemia asociada al catéter (5,7%), obstrucción (5,7%), extravasación (2,1%) y flebitis (2,1%). Los factores asociados a bacteriemia con el odds de prevalencia corresponde a neonatos: < 27 semanas de gestación (OR = 1,2; p = 0,02), con peso < 1.000 g (OR = 6,7; p = 0,02), portadores de catéter > 1 semana (OR = 9,8; p = 0,02) y con perfusión de antibióticos por catéter (OR = 1,3; p < 0,01). La flebitis se asocia con la inserción del catéter en miembros inferiores y cabeza (OR = 1,1; p = 0,03). Los factores asociados a bacteriemia con odds de prevalencia ajustada corresponde a neonatos de peso extremo (OR = 6,38; p = 0,03) y portadores del catéter > 7 días (OR = 9,41; p = 0,04). Conclusiones: La evaluación periódica de eventos adversos relacionados con catéteres es de gran utilidad para elaborar planes de mejora. Esto permitirá extremar la seguridad en los RN más vulnerables, en especial los neonatos con extremo bajo peso que precisan tratamientos muy prolongados


Background: Peripherally inserted central catheters have become a priority in infants who require long-term intravenous therapy, but their use involves certain risks. Objective: The aim of the study was to describe the occurrence of adverse events in newborns with peripherally inserted central catheters and to determine the risk factors associated with them. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was designed and performed. All neonates with peripherally inserted central catheters from October 1st, 2014 to September 30 th, 2015 were included. The adverse events and sociodemographic and clinical variables related to neonates and analyzed catheters were recorded. Results: A total of 140 catheters were placed in 116 infants. All of them were analyzed. Adverse events occurred in 16.4%: catheter-associated bacteraemia (5.7%), obstruction (5.7%), extravasation (2.1%) and phlebitis (2.1%), < 27 weeks of pregnancy (OR = 1.2, P = .02), birth weight < 1000 g (OR = 6.7, P = .02), with catheters in situ for longer than one week (OR = 9.8, P = .02) and with perfusion of antibiotics per catheter (OR = 1.3, P < .01). Phlebitis is associated with the insertion of the catheter in LL and head (OR = 1.1, P = .03). Factors associated with bacteraemia risk with adjusted prevalence odds ratio are extremely low birth weight neonates (OR = 6.38; P = .03) and with a catheter in situ for longer than one week (OR = 9.41; P = .04). Conclusions: The periodic evaluation of catheter-related adverse events is very useful to prepare improvement plans. This will maximize safety for the most vulnerable newborns, especially those of extremely low birth weight that require very long treatments


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/tendências , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Bacteriemia/complicações , Bacteriemia/prevenção & controle , Flebite/prevenção & controle , Intervalos de Confiança
15.
Environ Health Perspect ; 127(11): 117004, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Newborns in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are in contact with a variety of medical products whose production might include synthetic chemicals with hormonal activity. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to assess the content of bisphenol A (BPA) and parabens (PBs) and the hormone-like activities of a subset of medical products commonly used in NICUs in prolonged intimate contact with NICU newborns. METHODS: Fifty-two NICU items were analyzed, determining the concentrations of BPA and PBs [methyl- (MeP), ethyl- (EtP), propyl- (PrP), and butylparaben (BuP)] and using the E-Screen and PALM-luciferase assays to measure the in vitro (anti-)estrogenic and (anti-)androgenic activity, respectively, of the extracts. Items found to have elevated BPA/PB content or hormone-like activities were further extracted using leaching methodologies. RESULTS: BPA was found in three-fifths and PBs in four-fifths of tested NICU items, and ∼25% and ∼10% of extracts evidenced estrogenic and anti-androgenic activity, respectively. The highest BPA content was found in the three-way stopcock (>7.000 ng/g), followed by patterned transparent film dressing, gastro-duodenal feeding tubes, sterile gloves, single-lumen umbilical catheters, and intravenous (IV) infusion extension sets (concentrations ranged from 100 to 700 ng/g BPA). A total PB concentration (∑PBs) >100 ng/g was observed in several items, including light therapy protection glasses, patterned transparent film dressing, winged IV catheters, IV infusion extension sets, and textile tape. The highest estrogenic activity [>450 pM estradiol equivalent (E2eq)] was found in small dummy nipples, three-way stopcocks, and patterned transparent film dressing and the highest anti-androgenic activity [>5 mM procymidone equivalent units per gram (Proceq/g)] in small dummy nipples and three-way stopcocks. DISCUSSION: According to these findings, neonates might be exposed to multiple sources of BPA and PBs in NICUs via inhalation, dermal, oral, and IV/parenteral routes. There is a need to address the future health implications for these extremely vulnerable patients and to adopt precautionary preventive measures as a matter of urgency. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP5564.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/análise , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Parabenos/análise , Fenóis/análise , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Equipamentos e Provisões , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pomadas/análise , Têxteis/análise
16.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(11): 1144-1147, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753099

RESUMO

Adverse environmental stimulation in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can affect neurodevelopment through epigenetic modification and thus has adverse effects on the long-term developmental outcome of preterm infants. Developmental care can reverse epigenetic changes in genes and promote neurodevelopment in preterm infants. This article reviews the influence of environmental stress in the NICU and developmental care on neurodevelopment in preterm infants, as well as related epigenetic effects, in order to provide a reference for epigenetic studies of preterm infants.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Epigênese Genética , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido
17.
Codas ; 31(5): e20170233, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721912

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate preterm infants' exposure and reactions to intense noise during incubator care. METHODS: An observational and prospective study was performed in the intermediary care unit of a hospital in Ribeirão Preto (SP). Thirty-five preterm infants participated in the first stage of the study (measuring noise) and 20 in the second (analysis of responses to intense noise). Noise was measured for two hours using a dosimeter, and the responses were video recorded by three cameras connected to a computer. The preterm infants' responses to an Lmax higher than 65 decibels were analyzed. RESULTS: Every preterm infant presented Leq above the limit recommended by international organizations, and more than half of the babies had a mean Leq above the limit permitted by the Brazilian standard. Regarding the babies' responses to the intense noise, the majority of them showed blink reflex, startle reflex, facial mimics, changed bodily activities or changed sleep and wake state, all with statistically significant differences. CONCLUSION: The sound levels measured were intense. The noises that preterm infants are exposed to while being cared for in incubators constitute a stressor event. Sudden, intense noises change their behavioral state and causes reflexive and bodily responses, facial manifestations and changes in their sleep and wake state.


Assuntos
Incubadoras para Lactentes/efeitos adversos , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Ruído/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Incubadoras para Lactentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 919, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pertussis causes severe disease in young unvaccinated infants, with preterms potentially at highest risk. We studied pertussis in hospitalized infants as related to gestational age (GA) and vaccination history. METHODS: Medical record data of 0-2y old patients hospitalized for pertussis during 2005-2014 were linked to vaccination data. Multivariable logistic regression was used to study the association between GA and vaccination history on the clinical disease course. We compared vaccine effectiveness (VE) against hospitalization for pertussis between term and preterm infants (i.e., <37w GA) using the screening method as developed by Farrington. RESULTS: Of 1187 records, medical data from 676 were retrieved. Of these, 12% concerned preterms, whereas they are 8% of Dutch birth cohorts. Median age at admission was 3 m for preterms and 2 m for terms (p < 0.001). Preterms more often had received pertussis vaccination (62% vs 44%; p = 0.01) and more often had coinfections (37% vs 21%; p = 0.01). Preterms tended more often to have complications, to require artificial respiration or to need admittance to the intensive care unit (ICU). Preterms had longer ICU stays (15d vs 9d; p = 0.004). Vaccinated preterms and terms had a lower median length of hospital stay and lower crude risks of apneas and the need for artificial respiration, additional oxygen, and ICU admittance than those not vaccinated. After adjustment for presence of coinfections and age at admittance, these differences were not significant, except the lower need of oxygen treatment in vaccinated terms. Effectiveness of the first vaccination against pertussis hospitalizations was 95% (95% CI 93-96%) and 73% (95% CI 20-91%) in terms and preterms, respectively. Effectiveness of the second dose of the primary vaccination series was comparable in both groups (86 and 99%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Infants hospitalized for pertussis suffer from severe disease. Preterms were overrepresented, with higher need for intensive treatment and less VE of first vaccination. These findings stress the need for alternative prevention, in particular prenatal vaccination of mothers, to reduce pertussis in both groups.


Assuntos
Criança Hospitalizada , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Vacina contra Coqueluche/uso terapêutico , Coqueluche/prevenção & controle , Coqueluche/terapia , Apneia/etiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Hospitalização , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Tempo de Internação , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Mães , Países Baixos , Vacina contra Coqueluche/efeitos adversos , Gravidez , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vacinação/efeitos adversos
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